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July 15, 1949 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1949-07-15

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THE MICHIGAN DA1Y

FRIDAY, JULY 15, 1949

SCIENTISTS GET $1,500:
'U' Phoenix Project Makes Initial Grant

Mays Says

2

Purposes

ASSOCIATED PRESS,
P u EWS

The Phoenix Project, the Uni-
versity's "living" War Memorial is
making it possible for University
scientists to "turn back the clock"
through nuclear research.
. The preliminary planing com-
mittee of the Project has just
made an initial grant of $1,500
to get the wheels turning on a
method of dating the remains of
animal and plant life of the last
30,000 years with a degree of ac-
curacy which was not possible
until recently.
* * *
THIS METHOD for dating was
developed by Dr. W. F. Libby and
his associates at the University of
Chicago's Institute for Nuclear
Studies.
The initial grant will be spent
under the direction of Dr. H.
R. Crane, professor of physics,
in the construction and testing
of the necessary instruments.
The responsibility for collecting
specimens for dating will fall
to a committee headed by Dr.
James B. Griffin, associate pro-
fessor of anthropology and di-
rector of the Museum of An-
thropology.
Just how extensive the project
becomes will be determined largely
by the success of the Michigan
Memorial-Phoenix Project cam-
paign to raise $6,500,000 for the
establishment of an atomic re-
search center at the University.
EXPLAINING how atomic en-
ergy has come to be involved with
civilizations and plant and animal
life which existed on the earth
thousands of years ago, Dr. Grif-
fin points out that scientists have
discovered that a radioactive ma-
terial known as Carbon-Fourteen
is included in the growing organ-
ism.
This form of carbon behaves
chemically like ordinary carbon
but is distinguishable from it by
a slighly greater weight and by
a very weak radioactivity. All
living plants and animals take
in small amounts of C-14 from
the air and some of it becomes
part of their tissues.
"The proportion of C-14 taken
in has been found to be the same
regardless of climate, altitude or
position on the earth," Dr. Griffin
explains. "It has been found that
the C-14 starts to disintegrate at
a constant and measurable rate as
soon as the plant or animal dies
and in about 5,000 years half of
nthese radio-carbon willhhave
changed back into nitrogen
atoms."
* * *
"PHYSICIANS studying the ra-
dioactivity of C-14 have deter-
'nfined quite accurately the rate of
disintegration," Dr. Griffin says.
"If we wish to measure a piece
of organic material, we now can
measure the remaining radioactive
strength of the C-14 it contains
and arrive at its age within one
per cent of accuracy."
Pointing out that except in the
Southwest there are no known
dates about America prior to the
introduction of European mate-

rials, Dr. Griffin feels that this
technique of dating organic re-
mains will add materially to the
knowledge of life on the American
continent.
"We should be able to date an-
imals, such as the mastodon which
formerly lived in Michigan, learn
considerable about Indian history,
determine when Indian agriculture
first came into use and the length
of various states of cultural de-
velopment."

Rondestvedt Gets
Research Grant
The Phoenix Project planning
committee has granted $250 for
use in a study of abnormal Mich-
ael reactions.
Christian Rondestvedt, Jr., of
the chemistry department, will
make a study of the reaction,
which is widely used in the syn-
thesis of hormones.

CRAMPED QUARTERS:
A ncient 'U' Structures
To Remain in Service
Cramped quarters will force the University to continue using three
old buildings which had been headed for the scrap heap.
Instead of being torn down, University Hall, South Wing and
Mason Hall will still be in use when the fall semester opens, according
to Vice-President Robert P. Briggs.
* * * *
"WITH CLASSROOM SPACE still at a premium and many de-
partments of the literary college forced to put three or more faculty
members in one office, it has been decided that the structures are
needed too badly to be demolished, Briggs said.
University Hall was built In 1873, Mason Hall in 1841 and
South Hall dates from 1849. All have been called "unsafe" for
mass student use in their present condition.
To meet safety requirements, most of the space in the aged edi-
fices will be used for offices, libraries and resarch centers, with only
a few classrooms in use.
* * * *
THE INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH will move from its
basement quarters in the elementary school building to the first and
part of the second floor of University Hall.
Tappan Hall, vacated when the Business Administration build-
ing was completed, will offer more space to overcrowded literary
college departments in the fall.
A scientific language laboratory for romance languages will be
a part of South Wing in the fall. Recording and play-back machines
and listening booths will be provided for language students there.
* * * *
OTHER SPACE in South Wing will be used by the mathematics
and political science departments for additional staff offices.
The English, history and psychology departments will expand
into Mason Hall, with the Psych. 31 staff taking over the old
office of the academic counselors.
What was once the registrar's office will house the Navy Confer-
ence Research program, and an Engineering Research Institute busi-
ness machines project.
The Army ROTC has already left its Victorian mansion on State
Street, and along with the Air Force unit, will join the Navy in North
Hall for the fall term.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

in Learning
Every student today needs both
general and vocational education
to be a good citizen, according to
Prof. Arthur B. Mays of the Uni-
versity of Illinois.
Prof Mays, chairman of Illinois'
department of vocational educa-
tion, spoke at the 20th annual
Education Conference at the Uni-
versity yesterday.
* * *
HE DECLARED that the need
for vocational preparation of the
youth to meet his obligation as an
economic producer is obvious.
"Increasingly, society demands
that the schools include in its
program almost the entire edu-
cation of the young-their in-
tellectual, moral, physical, aes-
thetic and vocational educa-
tion," he said.
"The old conflict between edu-
cation for making a life and edu-
cation for making a living no
longer has any meaning in Amer-
ican education," he asserted.
." * *
HE CONTINUED by saying that
"it is clear now that general edu-
cation and vocational competency
are closely related. Appreciation
of this fact is one of the most im-
portant developments of modern
education."
Prof. Mays suggested that the
schools be prepared to provide
an extensive and flexible offer-
ing of general education and vo-
cational training for a large
number of occupations at many
economic levels.
He stressed the need for eve-
ning classes for older youths and
adults, slack-season classes, part-
time classes and full time day
classes to meet special needs such
as homemaking education, agri-
cultural and industrial education.
"The cost in dollars of such a
program is large but experience
seems to show that in the long
run it is much cheaper to provide
it than to fail to do so," he said.
So Is the Leg
ANTHILL, Idaho-If you grab
the leg of a Daddy Longlegs, he
will shed the limb and scurry
away.
The Daddy Longlegs is relatively
harmless. So is the leg.
sion salary will be available at
cashier's window, July 15.
The New York State Civil Serv-
ice Commission announces exam-
inations for positions in the fol-
lowing fields: research and munic-
ipal planning; personnel adminis-
tration, engineering, public health,
and psychology.
The Lumberman's Mutual Cas-
ualty Co. of Chicago has openings
for men interested in positions as
underwriters, statisticians, sales-
men promotional men, and invest-
ment analysts.
The Blaw-Knox Construction
Co. of Pittsburgh, Pa., is inter-
ested in contacting men interested
in positions as mechanical, civil,
electrical, and chemical engineers,
and physical chemists. BS, MS,
and Ph.D. candidates will be con-
sidered.
For further information, call
Ext. 371, or stop in the office, 3528
Admin. Bldg.
Lectures
The Departments of Aeronauti-
cal Engineering and Engineering
Mechanics are sponsoring two lec-
tures by H. M. Westergaard, Gor-
don MacKay Professor of Engi-
neering, Harvard University. The
first lecture entitled, "Brittle Fail-
(Continued on Page 4)

S H 0 E S -- Mrs. Helen T. Thompson, of Long Beach, Cal., holds
(right) a native wood shoe of the Belgian Congo and a miniature
pottery shoe, part of her collection of more than 1,000 shoes.

EASON' ' F I K S T A I C -Virginia Sheppardof
Alexandria Bay, N. Y., shows her limit catch of black bass on the
opening day of the season at Thousand Islands, New York State.

NOMINATED - M rs.
Perle Mesta (above), Newport,
R. I., and Washington, D. C.,
society leader, has been nomi-
nated by President Truman to be
Minister to Luxembourg.

D 1 A M 0 N D S 0 N D I S P L A Y-Models wear (1. to r.) Boucheron's "Aigrette," his bandeau
and clip, and Sterle's tiara in a show by jewel merchants at the "Tiara Ball," in Paris.!-

BRUNO WALTER
thrills to the finer tone of
S0 L U M 'aI,
loG -PLAIUG
R E C D5
". . .a revolutionary innovation which
must fili every music lover's heart with
great satisfaction."-B. Walter,
I Can Hear It Now: 1933-1945 a
chronicle of the war and the years
of crisis, told in the authentio
sounds and voices of the menwho
made this history. Narrated by
Edward R. Murrow.
ML4095 $4.85
Scenes from Boris Godounov
(Moussorgsky). Ezio Pinza and
chorus of the Metropolitan Opera
Association, conducted by Emil
Cooper.
ML 4115 $4.85
Oscar Levant Plays Chopin
ML 414'7 $4.85
South Pacific (Rogers and Hammer-
stein) Mary Martin and Ezio Pinza,
directed by Joshua Logan.
ML 4180 $4.85
Symphony No. 4 in G Major (Dvorak)
Bruno Walter conducting the New
York Philharmonic Orchestra.
ML 4119 $4.85,
Nutcracker Suite (Tchaikovsky)
Andre Kostelanetz conducting.
ML 4151 $4.85
French Operatic Arias (Debussy and
Ravel). Martial Singher, baritone,

All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session in typewritten
form by 3:30 p.m. of the day preced-
ing its publication, except on Satur-
day when the notices should be sub-
mitted by 11:30 a.m., Room 3510 Ad-
ministration Building.
FRIDAY, JULY 15, 1949
VOL LIX, No. 18S
Notices
The Detroit Civil Service Com-
mission announces examinations
for the following positions: Jun-
ior and Senior Medical Technolo-
gist, Social Case Worker, Medical
Social Case Worker, and Student
Social Worker. Additional infor-
mation may be obtained at the
ART CINEMA LEAGUE
PRESENTS
JANET
GA YNOR
FREDRIC
MARCH
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ADOLPHE MENJOU
TEcNICOLORo
Produced by
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RELEASED THRv UNITED ARTISTS

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Noted for their famous . . .
COUNTRY FRIED CHICKEN
T-BONE STEAK DINNERS
Make your reservations today for the week end.

Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building.
Graduate Courses dropped after
the fourth week of the Summer
Session will be recorded with a
grade of E.
The deadline for the acceptance
by the vendors of veteran requi-
sitions for books and supplies for
the Summer Session, will be Aug-
ust 5, 1949.
Students, College of Engineer-
ing: The final day for removal of
incompletes will be Friday, July 15.
Petitions for extension of time
must be on file in the Secretary's
Office on or before Friday, July
15.P
. -W. J. Emmons, Secy.
History Language Examinations
will be held July 16, 10-11, Rm.
1035 Angell Hall. The use of a dic-
tionary is permitted.
Summer Session Faculty: Salary
checks for one-half summer ses-

W H E E L E D T A K E O F F'-Gloria Nord, of the Americani
skating Vanities, does a roller leap during a rehearsal in Paris.

FORM OF A C HAM P I O N- Yvonne Sherman, of
Brooklyn, N..Y., demonstrates one of the figures that won the U. S.
senior women's figure skating championship at Colorado Springs.

304 SOUTH MAIN

PHONE CHELSEA 2-4641

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