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June 24, 1949 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1949-06-24

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ECONOMY- '
SOPHISTICATED ART
See Page 4

G

L ts ra
Latest Deadline in the State

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0- r

CLOUDY AND SHOWERS

VOL. LIX-No. 3S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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U' Students
Asked To See
Landseap in
Provost Adams
Invites Search
By CRAIG WILSON
(Co-Managing Editor)
Students were urged to inspect
the University's "Educationa.
Landscaping" at a Summer Ses-
sion Convocation last night.
Provost James P. Adams asked
students to "develop an inquisi-
tive interest in the campus arounc
them and help to further enrich2
the structure of education."
The University is a theatre for
important events," he said.
He invited students to go out
of their own particular field of
specialization and tour facili-
ties of the University.
Provost Adams called the Uni-
versity a "center in the search for
truth."
"THE TEST OF intelligence lies
in the choosing of ideas-a search
of great ideas and making them a
part of your life," he said.
Ideas must be judged within
a free and democratic way of
life, as contrasted to alien phil-
osophies which base life on fear
and suppression; he said.
Places on campus, Provost Ad-
ams called attention to were:
* * *
GENERAL LIBRARY, Clements
Library, Museum of Archaeology,
Museum of Art, music and sub-
jects located within the University
Museums Building.
He also pointed to the bells of
Burton Metnorial Tower the
education school exhibits, Bu-
reau of School Services and the
Audio-Visual Aid Center.
Recitals, concerts, dramas and
lectures also provide fields for in-
vestigation, according to Provost
Adams.
Thirty-Three
Aboard Plane
In Sea Plunge
BARI, Italy-0:)-A big Dutch
airliner carrying 33 persons
plunged out of sunny skies into the
Adriatic Sea today in view of hor-
rified beach bathers off this
southern port. There were no
known survivors.
The Royal Dutch Airlines
(KLM) said their plane carried a
Dutch crew of eleven, 17 Dutch
passengers and five Egyptians who
got aboard at Cairo enroute non-
stop to Amsterdam.
WITNESSES SAID it seemed to
fall straight downward from about
16,000 feet, level off at 1,500 and
then fall tail-first into 120 feet
of water. It settled less than 1,000
feet from Bari's sunny beaches.
Bodies of 16 men, five women
and three children were recov-
ered quickly. An Italian news
agency reported one additional
body, that of a boy, also was
found.
The four-engine Constellation
was .en route from Batavia, Java,
to Amsterdam on the last leg of
the flight via Mauritius, Aden and
Cairo.
Star Gazers

Will Convene
The first of four Visitors' Nights
scheduled by the University De-
partment of Astronomy for the
summer is set for Saturday, June
25, from 8:30 to 10 p.m. The
other dates are July 2, July 16,
and July 30.
This Saturday's viewing, at the
University Observatory, will give
visitors an opportunity to observe
Saturn and star clusters.
OBSERVATION of the Moon
and double stars will he made from

Alger Hiss Denies
DeliveringSecrets

(Editor's Note: Staffer Roma Lipsky
is covering the Hiss Trial for The
Daily. Miss Lipsky has been appoint-
ed Night Editor for the Fall term.)
By ROMA LIPSKY
(Special to The Daily)
NEW YORK-Taking the stand
in his own defense, Alger Hiss de-
clared yesterday that he did not
"ever transmit or deliver any doc-
uments to "the man who calls
himself Whittaker Chambers."
On trial for perjury, Hiss was
calm and soft-spoken during an
hour of questioning by his chief
defense attorney, Lloyd P. Stryker.
SPECTATORS, who had been
awaiting Hiss' testimony all week,
were hushed as the former State
Department official declared that
Guards See
'Laxness' at
Atom Plant
WASHINGTON - () -- Con-
gresssional investigators yester-
day received a report that guards
at the Great Hanford, Wash.,
atomic plant are "appalled by the
security laxness which has exist-
ed for some time and still exists."
The assertion was laid before
the Senate-House atomic "watch-
dog" committee in the form of a
letter written by Merle E. Smith,
Jr., President of the Hanford
Guards Union Local No. 21.
* * *
AN OFFICIAL of the Hanford
plant sharply disagreed witha
Smith.
Coincident with this develop-
ment, Chairman McMahon (D.-
Conn.) disclosed that the FBI
has been called in to investigate
what he termed an "inventoryt
discrepancy" at the Oakridge,]
Tenn., atomic plant.
McMahon previously said the1
discrepancy might turn out to be
a mere bookkeeping error.
McMAHON ALSO released pre-
viously secret testimony by Oak
Ridge officials who appeared be-
fore the Joint Congressional Com-
mittee in a closed-door sessionf
last Monday.2
This quoted Jesse Herndon,
production superintendent, as
telling the committee: t
"We require our personnel to
wear AEC clothing which theyt
change in and out of. This cloth-r
ing is washed right in the build-
ing and water from it is processed
for recovery (of uranium).
"When their shoes are worn out,
they are burned and the ashes re-
covered. Nothing is thrown away
from this operation in a solid
state."
* * .*-
ANOTHER official, Dr. Clar-
ence Larson, told about two very
small slivers" of uranium beingv
carried away from the Oak Ridget
Plant in socks which two men hadt
forgotten to change before they
went home.k
"They reported it and werep
duly reprimanded," Dr. LarsonV
said.t
The Smith letter about alleg-a
ed "security laxness" at Han-o
ford was read to the committeeI
today with charges of "incred-
ible mismanagement" against
AEC Chairman David E. Lilien-o
thal.-
George E. Trout, vice presidentS
and general manager of the Gen-k
eral Electric Company's nucleonics2
division at Hanford, told the Com-o
mittee that Smith's union has notL
been recognized as the bargain-
ing agent for the guards at Han-d
ford.p

he was not, and had never been,
a member of the Communist
Party.
During almost an hour of
questioning, Stryker had Hiss
review his career, tracing his
life from Harvard Law School
days to his work as Secretary-
General of the San Francisco
Conference which framed the
United Nations Charter.
Stryker, attempting to prove
Hiss' loyalty in contrast to Whit-
taker Chambers' statements that
Hiss supplied secret government
documents to Communists,
stressed the integrity required in
all positions held by Hiss.
'* * *
HISS SPOKE quietly and mod-
estly as he described his duties as
secretary of the late Justice Oliver
Wendell Holmes, assistant to
Francis B. Sayre, former Assistant
Secretary of State, Executive Sec-
retary of State, at the Dumbarten
Oaks Conference. and advisor to
President Roosevelt at the Yalta
Conference.
Earlier in the day, the defense
continued its attempt to prove
that the battered old Woodstock
typewriter on which the govern-
ment claims the stolen docu-
ments were typed, was not in
Hiss' possession in Jan. 1938.
The government claims that it
was during this time that the
documents were stolen and re-
typed on the Woodstock.
Defense Attorney Edward Mc-
Lean carried the battered ma-
chine, introduced as evidence on
Wednesday, to the witness stand
several times, as witnesses iden-
tified it.
RAYMOND AND Perry Catlett,
brothers who had worked at odd
jobs for the Hisses in Washing-
ton, both testified that the ma-
chine was the same one which the
Hisses had given to them. The
gift was made about the time the
Hisses moved from 30th Street in
Washington to Volta Place, they
said.
Previous testimony showed
that this move was made in De-
cember, 1937.
Raymond Catlett testified that
an FBI agent named "Jones" of-.
fered him $200 earlier this year to
locate the typewriter. Prosecuting
Attorney Thomas Murphy jumped
to his feet and angrily attempted
to shake Catlett's story.
* *
"WHO TOLD YOU to say
that?" he asked. "They just asked
me about it so I told the defense
attorney here," Catlett said.
He described Jones as about as
See ALGER, Page 6
'U' Schedules
Talks on Land
A host of distinguished lecturers
will descend on the University for
this summer's series of special lec-
tures on public affairs.
The current series, sixth of its
kind, will be concerned with the
problem of "Natural Resources in
World Affairs." Since their incep-
tion several years ago, the public
affairs lectures have proved to be
one of the outstanding events of
University summer sessions. '
* * *
LEADING OFF for the parade1
of speakers is William S. Rosen-
trans, vice-president of the United
States Chamber of Commerce, who
will speak at 8 p.m. Monday, June
27, at the Rackham Lecture Hall,
on the topic "Under All, The
Land."
The lectures will be open to stu-
dents, faculty and the general
public.t

Big Three
Fail To Get
Strike End
Berlin Tie-Up
To Continue
BERLIN - W) -The Western
Powers tried again today to find
a solution to the tangled Berlin
rail strike and failed.
After a three-hour meeting of
the U.S., British and French com-
mandants, a spokesman said "no
decisions were reached and noth-
ing was agreed upon worthy of
an announcement."
* * *
THE STRIKE of West Berlin's
railway workers has bottled up
freight shipments in the four-
power city since May 21. It was
called to stress union demands for
full payment of wages in West
marks, job security and union
recognition.
The union {UGO) is anti-
Communist. The rail manage-
ment for which the strikers
work is the Russian-controled
Reichsbahn (state railway).
The rail system offered the
workers part payment of their
wages in west marks. Russian au-
thorities also said no striker would
be punished merely because he had
walked off the job. They warned,
however, that "saboteurs and
criminals" would not expect pro-
tection.
THIS SOVIET warning, plus
Russian refusal to recognize the
union, stiffened the backbone of
the strikers. They tossed the com-
promise offer aside.
After the Big Four foreign
ministers' meeting in Paris urged
a restoration of normal rail
traffic, the strikers offered to
move inter-zonal freight through
the closed West Berlin yards.
The union said it would do this
without ending the walkout. It
said West Berlin's elevated trains
would remain stalled and freight
consigned to the Russian Zone
would not move through the West-
ern sectors.
British officials said it was "im-
practical" for the strikers to try
to run part of a railroad without
approval of the railway manage-
ment.
World Charter
Constitutional
Change Asked
The Campus chapter of the
UnitedhWorld Federalists is join-
ing other Michigan chapters in a
campaign to have a world con-
stitution passed as an amendment
to the Federal Constitution, ac-
cording to Allan Hurd, summer
chairman of the group.
By use of the initiative and ref-
erendum process, the Michigan
chapters plan to petition the State
Legislature to apply to Congress
for a Constitutional Convention,
at which the proposed amendment
can be ratified.
* * *
IN A MEETING yesterday, the
United World Federalists discuss-
ed their plans to implement the
campaign. Members will be sent
to address various Ann Arbor or-
ganizations in order to stimulate
interest in the project.
Circulation of the petitions will

begin July 15. Each petition will
require the signature of twenty
qualified voters.
Six other state legislatures have
already passed measures request-
ing that Congress call a Consti-
tutional Convention.

RECEDING WATER DISCLOSES FLOOD DAMAGE--Receding flood waters show damage to high-
way at Gap Mountain, not far from Petersburg, W.Va. Note sagging pole and roof of a house at
left and car with front wheels over broken concrete abutment at right.

Football Ducats to Away Games
Available Now at Ferry Field

Tickets for the away-from-
home football games with Illinois
and Northwestern next fall are
available on a first come, first
served basis at the ticket office at
Ferry Field.
The Illinois game is scheduled
for Oct. 29 and the Northwestern
game for Oct. 15.
STUDENTS WHO buy tickets
for either of these games will have
a chance to buy special train tick-
ets to and from the games, ac-
cording to, Don Greenfield, pub-
licity director of the Wolverine
Club, sponsors of the train spe-
cials.
Train tickets to Illinois will
be $12 round trip, a 50 percent
reduction from ordinary prices,
Greenfield said. The Northwest-
ern trip will be somewhat less,
he added.
Students who wish to buy the
train tickets must sign a list with
Mrs. Alice Reynolds at the Office
of Student Affairs.
* *I *
NO COMBINED game - train
tickets will be sold this year,
Greenfield said.
The Illinois train will leave Ann
World.News
Round- Up

Arbor early Saturday morning, ar-
rive at Champagne an hour be-
fore the game, and leave around
midnight for the return trip. The
train is made up entirely of re-
clining chair coaches.
Uniate Bishops
Said Tortured
VATICAN CITY - W) - Two
bishops of Romania's outlawed
Uniate Church have been tortured
by Communist officials in an ef-
fort to break their allegiance to
Pope Pius XII, a Vatican source
said yesterday.
The Uniate Church, a Romanian
branch of the Roman Catholic
faith, was dissolved by Romania's
Communist government last De-
cember.
THERE ARE SOME 1,500,000
communicants in each of the two
allied Catholic rites, in Romania-
the Uniate and the Latin. The
pro - Russian Orthodox Church,
only officially recognized religion
in the country, has more than
12,000,000 adherents.
The Vatican source identified
the bishops as Msgr. Ion Suciu,
papal representative of the Metro-
politan See of Fagaras and Albia
Julia, and Suciu's auxiliary, Msgr.
Aftenie.
It is known that Suciu was
tortured, the source added, but it
is not known whether he is still
alive.
Hungary Cuts'
PartyRanks
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia-(Y)-
Hungary's strong man, Vice-Pre-
mier Matyas Rakosi, said tonight
200,000 persons - about 18 per
cent of the membership - had
been expelled from the Hungar-
ian Communist Party.
He added the party is still rid-
den with "spies and provocateurs."
* * *
HE REFERRED apparently to
the recent expulsion and arrest
of Laszlo Rajk, former Hungarian
foreign minister, and Communist
leader Tibor Secenyi on charges
of spying and Trotzkyism.y
Rakosi said a purge of Hungar-
ian Communist ranks was found
necessary to "strengthen our par-
ty." He said it was trimmed to
about 1,000,000 members.

UMW Talks on
Contract May
Avert Strikes
Lewis Baits Owners
With Shutdown Hint
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS,
W. Va.-(P)--John L. Lewis dan-
gled the bait of "no strike" be-
fore three-fourths of the soft coal
industry yesterday, hinting that
operators who do not join in con-
tract talks here might be shut
down next month.
The United Mine Workers' chief
never mentioned strike. But he
and operators from the North,
West and part of the South, rep-
resenting nearly 250,000,000 tons
of annual bituminous coal produc-
tion, sent out blanket invitations
to the scattering of employers not
in the conference to join in the
talks.
NO INVITATION went to the
Southern Coal Producers Associa-
tion, which is negotiating with
Lewis' lieutenants at Bluefield, W.
Va.
Some segments of this group
have withdrawn from negotiations
there, obviously meant to isolate
the Southern group, producing
about 100,000,000 tons a year, be-
cause it tried to push him into
a separate agreement.
The current contract expires
June 30. The miners have, a 10-
day vacation lasting until July
5. After that, any groups with-
out a contract are threatened
with a walkout.
But the operators in the White
Sulphur Springs meeting are con-
fident they won't be struck on
July 5. They point to the fact that
Lewis notified them on June 14
that thencontractwould expire
shortly and asked them to meet
him.
UNDER THE Taft-Hartley Act,
a party/wanting to terminate a
contract is required to give the
other party 60 days' notice.
In the opinion of the Northern
operators, Lewis does not intend
to shut down their mines before
Aug. 14-60 days from the date of
his notice.
New Government
OWOSSO-(')-This city, which
put on a big celebration for Gov-
ernor Thomas E. Dewey of New
York last year, will welcome home
another governor today.
He is 16-year-old Bill Capitan,
who was elelted to the highest
post in the Wolverine Boys State
at East Lansing last week. .

$11,436,315
Final Figure
Is Approved
Ruthven Says
Total 'Setback'
By The Associated Press
LANSING-The State Legisla-
ture last night passed a compro-
mise appropriation of $11,436,315
as the University's operating bud-
get for the next fiscal year.
The grant was included in a
general appropriation for State-
supported colleges which ended a
month-long Senate-House contro-
versy and barely averted a special
session.
UNIVERSITY President Alexan-
der G. Ruthven said the appro-
priation is "far below the Univer-
sity's minimum needs of $12,000,-
000 for operations next year.
"What we shall do . . . I can-
not say at this time. The first
thing, naturally, is for Univer-
sity officials to get together and
discuss what can be done in this
situation. It is a serious setback
for the University's total pro-
gram."
The final figure is more than
$1,000,000 below the University's
original budget request, and nearly
$400,000 less than Gov. Williams'
recommendation.
BUT THE appropriation is a
compromise between measures
passed by the House and Senate
which called for grants of $10,986,-
315 and $12,000,000 respectively.
Michigan State College was
given approximately the same
compromise: $9,284,199, which
was $350,000 more than th
House wanted and $70,727 less
than the Senate held out for.
On appropriations to all the
lesser State colleges, the House
and Senate split the difference.
The compromise came nearly 12
hours after the Legislature recon-
vened for its final session and a
month after the two chambers
walked out for its final session
and a month after the two cham-
bers walked out on a Senate-House
conference committee as it fought
over the college appropriation.
* * *
OTHERWISE, the final session
was a peaceful affair.
A tight bloc of 39 House Dem-
ocrats stuck together and pre-
vented the overriding of any of
Governor Williams' vetoes.
Both Chambers voted to re-
vive the 1948 Bates Law which
takes home rule cities out from
under the 15-mill tax limita-
tion. It was repealed inadver-
tently by the legislature last
month.
Before the House passed the
Bates Bill reinstatement, two un-
successful attempts were made to
amend it. Rep. Louis A. Cram-
ton (R.-Lapeer) was talked out of
making a technical correction in-
validating tax-increasing elections
held before the new law takes ef-
fect Sept. 23. He was persuaded
the amendment was not neces-
sary.
* * -*
REP. HOWARD R. Estes (R.-
Birmingham) attempted to at-
tach a bill which passed the House
and failed in the Senate last May.
The bill would permit'local units
to tax property of the Huron-
Clinton Metropolitan Authority at
half the average rate before the
property was acquired by the au-
thority.
In the Senate, the Bates mea-
sure passed 27 to 2, with Sena-
tors Perry W. Greene (R.-Grand

Rapids) and Garland B. Lane
D.-Flint) voting "no." There
was no debate.
The Democratic bloc prevented
the Republicans from upsetting
Williams' veto of bills permitting
commercial fishermen to lower
deep trap nets in Lake Huron to
100 feet and to return one-fourth
of the oil and gas severance tax
to the counties where the minerals
are produced.
THE SENATE, futilely, over-
rode Williams' veto of a bill im-

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Communist con-
spiracy trial proceedings were en-
livened yesterday by a long fuss
over the Judge's rejection of a
party leader's 27,000-word state-
ment and a defense lawyer's as-
sertion that a government attor-
ney had threatened to punch his
nose.
When defense attorneys tried to
get it admitted as evidence, U.S.
Attorney John F. X. McGohey ob-
jected and declared it was "a piece
of manufactured evidence pub-
lished by a group of conspirators."
* * *
LANSING-The State Liquor
Control Commission yesterday
announced that price cuts in
more than 40 brands of liquors
will go into effect July 2.
More than half of the items
slashed are whiskies. The rest
are gins, rums, cordials and a
few wines.
* * *
JOHANNESBURG, South Afri-
ca-A Regent's protests failed yes-
terday to turn black Bamangwato
tribesmen against their white
queen-to-be, ex-typist Ruth Wil-
liams of London.
The regent, Tshekedi Khame,
told 9,000 Bamagwatos gathered
in Pow-wow at Serowe, Bechuana-
land, he would fight to the last
against her mounting the throne
with chief -designate Seretse
Khama.
Only 20 per cent, however, vot-
ed by show of hands that she
would be unwelcome.
PE~RTH AMBOY.N.J. - Two

Sen. Butler Says Hawaii
In Grip of Communists
4 ___

STANDARD LANGUAGE:
Socialization Defines Speech

WASHINGTON -()- Senator
Butler (R.-Neb.) charged today
that "International Revolutionary
Communism at present has a firm
grip on the economic, political and
social life of the territory of Ha-
waii."

At the time of his visit he was
chairman of the full committee.
In the report, Butler express-
ed high regard for the loyalty
and achievements of "an over-
whelming majority" of Hawaii's
people. But, he said:
"Since V-J Day, in Sept., 1945,

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