See rage 2
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LIX, No. 33S *ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5 ,1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
PARIS-The American chiefs of
staff reported yesterday they have
reached complete agreement with
European leaders approached thus
far on defense lines to be laid by
Atlantic pact nations.
In London they met with army,
navy and air force heads of Brit-
ain, Norway and Denmark.
IN PARIS and at Fontainebleau
they will will meet for two more
tdays with similar leaders of Hol-
land, France, Belgium, and Portu-
gal and Britain's Viscount Mar-
Adm. Louis E. Denfeld, chief
of naval operations, said the de-
fense setup might be function-
ing by the end of this year "be-
cause I felt we were getting
along so well it would not be too
tough to work out an organiza-
tion by that time. But it is a
1guess," he added.
Denfeld told the London news
conference the final forming of
the organization would be done
at a future high-level meeting on
the basis of the current talks. He
said the Americans had not come
over with a ready-made plan but
to exchange views and that was
going most satisfactorily.
* * * -
GEN. OMAR N. BRADLEY of
the Army, and Gen. Hoyt S. Van-
denberg, air chief, answered ques-
tions about the atom bomb.
k- The first was whether the
United States would be dropping
bombs while the Western Euro-
peans powers were holding the
line with ground forces.
"That refers to my statement
before the House Foreign Affairs
Committee in Washington," Brad-
ley said. "In those discussions we
have had to present some assumed
, use of collective defense. In such
an assumed situation we would
have to do the strategic bombing
while other nations closer to the
center of emergency would pro-
vide, initially, the other forces."
VANDENBERG told a question-
er the American Air Force does
not want to monopolize the stra-
"I would favor everybody get-,
ting into that to the maximum of
the limitations imposed by ex-
chequers and manpower," he said.
"British strategic bombing in the
last war made a wonderful re-
Denfeld said sharing of the
atom bomb with other Atlantic
Pact nations was not mentioned
and there was no discussion of
any arms aid at this stage.
The Americans are due to con-
fer tomorrow forenoon with
French defense minister Paul Ra-
madier and then lunch with him.
t IT IS COMMON knowledge that
the big problem of the French is
to arm 469,000 soldiers. It is ex-
pected there will be some discus-
sion of giving wings to the 68,-
000 French airmen. One French
officer recently called their com-i
Nourse Warns of.
Nation's Resources Limit Foreign,
Economist Edwin G. Nourse yesterday warned against weakening
the nation by excessive foreign aid and military spending.
Nourse, who is chairman of the President's Council of Economic
Advisers, spoke in the concluding lecture of the University's summer
series on "Natural Resources in World Affairs."
* * * *
Tito Says People
On Peace Alert'
Boasts of No Fear of Country's
Unity Against Russian 'Enemy'
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia-(P)-Premier Marshal Tito has cau-
tioned the people of Yugoslav Macedonia they are "in a state of alert
in order to safeguard the peaceful construction of our socialist coun-
try," it was disclosed last night.
Yugoslavia's premier and wartime chief directly used the word
"enemy" in referring to Russia and the Soviet satellite states for the
first time since they had denounced him 13 months ago on charges
"WE MUST REALIZE THAT
available resources and try to
preparation, European aid, deve
* * * '
THERE are serious limitations on
strike a balance between military
elopment of backward areas and
domestic social services."
"It is sometimes 'difficult to
set up measures with respect to
relative need, when all these
things seem absolute."
Nourse emphasized the fact that
though in time of emergency mili-
tary strength is the prime consid-
eration, now this preparation must
not be maintained at the expense
of industrial stability and citizen
"IT IS PATRIOTIC of Congress
and members of the press to ques-
tion whether we have over extend-
ed ourselves economically, and if
our revitalization of Europe has
reached the point of diminishing
"We must try to find a golden
mean between internationalism
and isolation," he said.
Nourse believes that we should
lessen the channeling of capital
through governments and stimu-
late private business and invest-
AUDITORIUM BECOMING MORE COMFORTABLE-Unrecognizable above is the main floor of
Hill Auditorium, which is undergoing renovation for next fall. In the background are some of the
new, more comfortable seats. The step-like affairs in the foreground are terraces installed in the
sloping floor to make main floor seats level rather than slanting towards the stage. On the ceiling
are the new type lamp fixtures, and along the rail of the first and second balconies will be indirect
* * * * * * * * *
Hill Auditorium To Get New Look
< ) a - I
EDWIN G. NOURSE
Guy Gabrielson Elected GOP*
National Committee Chairman
You'll never know Hill Audito-
rium when you see it-from the
At an approximate cost of a
quarter of a million dollars and
at a sacrifice of 380 seats, the
36-year old music hall is being
renovated to make concert-goers
comfortable, both where they sit
and where they look.
* * *
ACTUALLY, there isn't much
difference in leg room between the
seats, but the big change is in the
orchestra (main floor). A terrace
has been built for each row 'of
seats to make the chairs on a
level plane. Before they were dir-
ectly on the slanting floor and
whoever sat on them felt in dan-
ger of slipping to the floor.
The seats themselves have all
been replaced 'by bright blue
chairs with light yellow arm
rests, which makes the entire
hall look clean and airy.
The 4,195 seats are not only in
Michigan colors, but have a uni-
form padding, so now the balcony
dwellers can get as comfortable a
seat as the orchestra audience.
Another seating improvement is
the elimination of the two "blind
rows" in the first and second bal-
conies. And the annoying job of
folding up, the seat is eliminated
by its automatic ,springing up
when the patron stands.
THE MORE cushioned seats will
improve the acoustics, too, accord-
ing to engineers, by deadening
echoes. And during movies the
echo won't be so pronounced.
In addition to the seating, the
entire lighting system has been
The old "peach basket" lights
that hung from the stage ceiling
WASHINGTON - M-~ - Guy
George Gabrielson, 58 - year-old
New Jersey lawyer-industrialist,
was elected chairman of the Re-'
publican National Committee to-
day by a bare majority after a
stiff all day battle.
The vote was 52 for Gabrielson
A spirit of compromise and na-
tional unity helped bring victory
to Canada's Liberal Party in last
month's election, according to
Prof. Lionel H. Laing of the po-
litical science department.
Prof. Laing spoke yesterday in
the last lecture of this summer's
American-Canadian relations se-
ries. He discussed "Sectionalism in
* * *
THIS YEAR'S election again
emphasized the lesson taught in
previous recent elections, he as-
serted. This lesson is that to come
to power in Canada, a party must
rise above narrow sectionalism and
base its appeal on national inter-
"The Liberal Party has re-
mained in power because, unlike
other Canadian parties, its rep-
resentation does not rest upon
any single province or section,"
Prof. Laing declared.
Liberals have been in power for
38 of the last 53 years in Can-
ada and scored their most decisive
triumph last month, in winning
193 seats in a parliament of 262.
* * -*
THIS HUGE majority may lead
to difficulties, according to Prof.
"Under the parliamentary sys-
tem the best government is to be
found when the opposition is
strong and vigorous, and the ma-
jority, through sheer weight of its
numbers, cannot force a narrow
partisan approach to public is-
sues," he said.
to 47 for Axel J. Beck, farmer-
lawyer of South Dakota, and one
for A. T. Howard, Nebraska State
chairman and Scotts Bluff real
GABRIELSON SUCCEEDS Rep-
Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania, a
Thomas E. Dewey selection who
bowed to demands that he quit in
the interest of party harmony af-
ter serving only a little more than
a year of a four-year term. The
post carries no salary.
Gabrielson was a 1948 sup-
porter of Senator Taft of Ohio
for the presidential nomination.
Most of the members who voted
to oust Scott at Omaha last Jan-
uary, but failed 50 to 54, backed
Gabrielson. But Sweden - born
Beck, a newcomer to the com-
mittee, drew surprising support
from those wanting a westerner
and from some eastern and south-
ern opponents of Gabrielson.
* * *
SOME COMMITTEEMEN had
predicted that today's decision
would be "Omaha all over again"
because of the closeness of the
vote. They figured it would pro-
mote the same dissension as that
which beset Scott.
Gabrielson took the floor after
his election and pledged he would
be a "completely impartial chair-
man." He said from now on there
will be no factions or groups in.
the party. Any and all candidates
will be welcomed to use the com-
mittee machinery, he added.
Televisionmakes its appearance
in Ann Arbor today in the pres-
ence of Mr. Edward Stasheff.
Stasheff is the Assistant Pro-
gram Manager of the TV station
WPIX, the Daily News station in
New York City. He will speak on
"TV Programming" at 10:30 a.m.
in room 4006, Angell Hall. The
discussion is open to the public.
are gone, with indirect lighting in
* * *
ALSO GONE are the row of
"pearls," the globe light surround-
ing the skylight. The main audi-
torium ceiling has its share of
indirect lighting, with modern
chrome fixtures decorating the two
All along the edges of the
balconies is indirect fluorescent
When completed, the walls will
be in a soft grey and buff; during
rennovation they were a dull
cream, which was onlythe under-
coating. Even the organ pipes
were covered with this undercoat-
ing, but will get their bronze dress
before the auditorium re-opens
in the fall.
* * *
ANOTHER BIG improvement is
a public address system, which will
be a boon to lecturers in the ora-
torical series and speakers in stu-
Improvements were limited by
the appropriations, which left
back stage and visiting orchestra
room still cramped.
Tradition won out in the end-
the big "M" adorning the ceiling
for all to see since the auditorium
opened in 1913 is still intact.
of pursuing nationalistic policies.
IN HIS TOUGHEST speech to
date, delivered in what is perhaps
the most ticklist part of his fed-
erated country, Tito boasted of the
unity of Yugoslavia and bluntly
made it plain he is not scared.
He said Yugoslavia is "pre-
pared to prevent all provocations
and defend our country against
He was bolstered in his speech
by the knowledge that yesterday
Yugoslavia concluded a five-year
$93,000,000 trade pact with Italy.
The pact offset, at least in part, a
Cominform economic squeeze play
to bring him to task and perhaps
replace him with an official more
subservient to Moscow's rule.
* * * '
MACEDONIA has been wary
and worried for months now about
the possibility of trouble develop-
ing on its borders with Albania on
the left, Greece in the middle and
Bulgaria on the right.
Tito told his army chiefs rep-
resenting, as he put it, the
"chosen men" of his fighting
forces, and leaders of the Yugo-
slav republic in Macedonia who
also were present:
"You are in a state of alert in
order to safeguard the peaceful
construction of our socialist coun-
* * *
TITO ACKNOWLEDGED the
existence of rumors the Red Army
will attack Yugoslavia, but he
denied them. He said the Red
army would not attack a socialistic
country without sabotaging the
whole philosophy of Marxism-Len-
inism. Tito said that the only
thing of which Yugoslavia is
frightened is attacks of nature-
drought, hail and similar calam-
Comptroller General Sees
Frauds in War Contracts
WASHINGTON - (P) - Comp-
troller General Lindsay C. Warren
said yesterday that fraud or brib-
ery involving Army officers and
other government employees was
indicated in award of "numerous"
A mere sampling of contracts,
he said, turned up $6,280,000 in
fraudulent payments on contract
settlements, indicating that the
Italy Ripe for
Mario Matteucci, Italian legal
expert, yesterday described Italy
as being "ripe for Communism"
because of economic and political
He declared that the Catholic
Church is "the only real force in
Italy that can save her."
* * *
THUS, HE SAID that spiritual,
not material means, are the most
essential for stopping the threat
of Communism in the country.
"Italy's economic problems be-
gan with the end of free ex-
change of goods and people,"
the speaker stated.
Matteucci cited industrializa-
tion as the most urgent need in
Italy. "Italian industrial activities
are now facing serious difficulties
-competition of foreign goods and
high cost of production."
overall total would be much great-
CITING THE award of con-
tracts for writing wartime train-
ing manuals, he said there were
signs of fraud or bribery in a
number of cases. The disclosures
were the result of regular check-
ups made by the comptroller gen-
eral's office whose task is to audit
On top of that, he said, evidence
indicated that at least 25 of the
contracts, priced at $505,597, were
for duplications or were unneces-
WARREN referred to contracts
for preparation "by various com-
mercial writing agencies in the
New York City area" of technical
manuals concerning maintenance
and operation of equipment.
He cited these cases in summar-
izing the general accounting of-
fice's examination of 9,195 con-
tract settlements of all kinds which
he said disclosed "overpayment or
waste of more than $11,500,000."
Today Is Day To
Today is the last day for the
return of student loan prints.
Students should return prints
they have borrowed to Rm. 508
in the Administration Building be-
tween the hours of 8-12 a.m. and
A fine of five cents will be charg-
ed students for each day that a
picture is held after today.
bat planes non-existent by
To Be Given
Final examinations will be
given exactly as the schedule in
the Summer Session Announce-
ment, according to Louis A. Hop-
kins, director of the summer ses-
All examinations are scheduled
for Thursday and Friday of next
week. They will be given on the
basis of the hour of recitation for
The complete examination
What are Fraternity, Sorority Policies
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last in a series of seven articles on the Sur-
vey Research minority group report. Clip them - they will serve as the
basis for student and administrative action.)
By CRAIG WILSON
The seventh section of the University Survey Research Center's
report on "Campus Attitudes Toward Minority Groups" is on fra-
ternity and sorority policies.
Only actives and pledges within the sampling were included in
* * * *
A MAJORITY OF THE fraternity and sorority members and
pledges believe that their houses do not accept for membership per-
sons of all races.
"At the present time does your fraternity (sorority) accept
for membership men (women) of all races?"
YES-accepts men (women) of all races ............ 20%
NO-does not accept men (women) of all races ......63%
Don't know policy . ........... .................. 7%
* * * *
"How do you feel about this policy?"
Attitude toward accepting
or not accepting all races Believes Accepts Believes does not
Approves of policy ..........86%...................48%
Disapproves of policy ........7 ....................43
Undecided ..................7 . ....................8
* * * * ,
"THOSE WHO FEEL that all races should be included most fre-
quently give as reasons that they are against discrimination or in-
tolerance, consider the policy of non-acceptance undemocratic, or
think that prospective fraternity (sorority) members should be judged
on individual merit rather than on race."
"Those members and pledges who think that fraternities
(sororities) should not accept all races for membership explain
their opinion most frequently by making such comment as:
"'That's the way they (the minority group) want it.'
"Some say that they hold their opinion because of tradition or
social pressure; others feel that accepting members of all races would
create problems for the group."'
FRATERNITY (sorority) members and pledges report less un-
nnit f nnlinr, n, nn +nfl n r. ,.,nrnnko.. nP ia'rpn- r ,ni,.
WASHINGTON- (P) -A com-
promise farm bill-including part
of the subsidy program sponsored
by Secretary of Agriculture Bran-
nan-won tentative approval yes-
terday from a bi-partisan Senate
Senator Anderson (Dem., NM.),
former Secretary of Agriculture,
got the consent of his drafting
subcommittee to offer the com-
promise to the full agriculture
* * *
THE MEASURE was drawn in
an effort to attract support from
groups that have been in sharp
disagreement upon future farm
It would authorize some of the
"production payments" (farmer
subsidies) asked by Brannan but
would apply them to a limited
number of farm products, iIfe-
ly fresh fruits and vegetables.
Brannan proposed that perish-
able farm products be- allowed to
reach their own market levels-
without government price props-
to benefit consumers. He said
farmers could collect "production
payments" or subsidies if these
are necessary to maintain income
at fixed levels.
OTHER major provisions of the
Anderson bill would:
1. Continue for next year the
90 per cent of parity supports for
corn, wheat, cotton, rice, tobacco
and peanuts - so-called basic
crops. After that a sliding scale
of supports from 75 to 90 per cent
2. Authorize price props at from
75 to 90 per cent of parity for
meats, butter, oats and a long list
of other crops classed as "non-
basic and storable."
3. Revise the present basis of
computing a parity price (intend-
ed to give a farm product the
same.relative purchasing power it
had in a past favorable period) by
adding "hired farm labor" costs.
Senator Anderson said the new
measure won unanimous approval
of the subcommittee.
An institute on international
law opens at 8 a.m. today in Rm.
150, Hutchins Hall with an ad-
dress by Ronald Graveson, pro-
fessor of law at London University.
Lasting two weeks, the insti-
tute will bring together authori-
ties in the field from all over the
world to discuss the legal diffi-
culties facing companies and in-
dividuals engaged in internation-
OTHER distinguished speakers
which the institute willfeature
include Dorothy Kenyon, U.S.
member of the United Nations
Commission on the Status of
Women; Walter S. Surrey, assist-
ant legal adviser to the State De-
partment; Stanley L. Temka, of-
fice of general counsel, Economic
Cooperation Administration; Pha-
_- r . , . ..«..: ... .o
SUPER SYMPTOM KILLER:
Allergy DrugsEffective as Common Cold Cure
Hour of T
8:00 a.m.-Thurs., 8:00
9:00 a.m.-Fri., 8:00
10:00 a.m.-Thurs., 2:00
11:00 a.m.-Fri., 2:00
1:00 p.m.-Thurs., 4:00
By HERB KRAVITZ
Antihistaminics - a group of
drugs recently developed for use
in alleviating allergy symptoms,
have been found effective in treat-
early stages of a, cold, Dr. Brew-
ster reported that antihistaminics
will in most cases eliminate the
symptoms of a cold, at any stage.
(Since the underlying cause
THE ANTIHISTAMINIC drugs
should prove invaluable in control
of the contagion of the common
Dr. Brewster believes that the
They explained that an excess
of histamine is in part respon-
sible for sneezing, watering eyes
and other annoying symptoms
associated with allergies.