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July 31, 1949 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1949-07-31

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See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State


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V0L. LIX, No. 30S
Navy Fighter
In Collision
With Airliner
Sixteen Persons
Killed ini Crash
FORT DIX, N.J.-(P)-A speed-
ing airliner and a Navy fighte
plane collided high over ths
sprawling military base yesterday,
killing 16 persons.
The tail- and left wing were
ripped off the Eastern Airlines
DC-3 by the crash. It plummeted
to the ground and burst into a
tower of flame.
Twelve passengers-including a
child-and three crew members'
were found dead in a tangled heap'
of charred bodies.
The pilot of the small fighter
plane was found 800 feet from his
craft some two miles from the
commercial airliner.
The two - engined airliner.
bound from Boston to Memphis,
plowed open a wide ditch as it
ground into a mass on the farm
of Peter Mungus in the Chester-
field-Sykesville Road.
The crash scene is a flat pas-
ture in the sparsely populated
farm country some 25 miles north-
east of Philadelphia on the route
toward New York City.
The plane had left Boston with-
out any passengers at 7:55 (EST)
M this morning. It picked up 15
passengers at Hartford. Nine of
these got off at LaGuardia Air-
port in New York. Six others, who
died in the crash shortly after 10
a'm., boarded the plane at New
The airliner was headed toward
Wilmington, Del., as it passed over
Fort Dix. From Milmington, it
had been scheduled to go to Wash-
ington, then Atlanta and finally
Maj. William A. Somerby of
the Fort Dix public information
office identified the military craft
as a Navy fighter from the An-
acostia Naval Air Station in Wash-
ington, D.C. Navy officials there
said a Navy F-U-F Hellcat left
there this morning for Quonset
Point, R.I., and was overdue.
The Navy said it cotild not make
public the pilot's name until his
next-of-kin is notified.
Eastern Airlines, Army, Navy
and Civil Aeronautics Board offi-
cials sped to the crash area to
investigate the accident.
Somerby said Army investiga-
tors had been told by an eye-
witness that the fighter plane had
tapproached the airliner from the
right read and had crashed into
the top of the liner.
E isler Kinl
Claims Red
Spies in UN
WASHINGTON - (P) - Testi-
mony of a self-described former
Communist that Russia has used
the United Nations to "reinforce"
her spies in this country was made
public last night by a Senate Ju-
diciary Subcommittee.
The statement was made by
Mrs. Ruth Fischer of New York
City, a sister of Gerhart Eisler,
the Communist leader who jump-

ed bond and skipped the country
after being convicted of passport
Mrs. Fischer testified behind
closed doors at a meeting of the
Senate Committee on May 10. She
said she once was a leading mem-
ber of the German Communist
Party but broke with the Com-
munists in 1926 and became a
United States citizen in 1947. She
testified against Eisler at his trial.
In her hitherto secret testimony,
she said that Soviet intelligence
agents are hidden in the various
Russian diplomatic, trade and
other delegations that come to
this country.
Ostensibly, she said, they are
assigned to some routine function
but their "real job is to report
on various phases of American
society to Moscow headquarters."
"Recently this corps has been
reinforced by the UN delegations
of Russia and her satellites," Mrs.
Fisher said.
She also testified that a French
woman whom she described as
"highly dangerous" had gained
admittance to the United States
"because her organization was re-



New Telephone Zone

on the map show the new towns Ann Arbor phone users may now
call without additional toll charges. Ann Arbor now has 16,072
phones. The new area will bring in 14,794 more telephones.
* *
Ex-tend A A Phone Area;
Montthly Rates Increased
Ann Arbor telephone users can now call several nearby com-
munities without additional toll charges.
The Michigan Bell Telephone Co. in announcing this new "ex-
tended area service" revised phone rates upward.
* * * *
EFFECTIVE TODAY the toll charges have been eliminated on
calls to Chelsea, Dexter, Manchester, Whitmore Lake, Plymouth
and Ypsilanti.
The company based the raise on the increased number of
phones that callers will be able to reach toll-free.

lBritish, Ship
Eludes Reds
Ont Yangtze
LONDON - (I) -- The British
sloop Amethyst has escaped down
the Yangtze River under the fire
of Chinese Communist shore bat-
teries and rejoined the fleet with-
out suffering damage or casual-
ties, the Admiralty proudly an-
nounced last night.
The escape took place Friday,
the Admiralty said. A signal re-
ceived from the Amethyst said:
"Rejoined the fleet. No damage
or casualties. God save the King."
* * *
THE AMETHYST was fired on
at least twice in her downriver
run to safety, the Admiralty said.
The Amethyst has been at an-
chor in the Yangtze River since
last April 20, when she was
shelled by Chinese Communist
shore,-batteries and ran aground
on Rose Island, 60 miles down-
stream from Nanking.
This was before the fall of Nan-
king to the Communists. At that
time British casualties aboard the
1,490-ton Amethyst included 17
dead and 20 wounded.
NORMALLY the Amethyst car-
ries 192 men but only 86 were
aboard when the sloop made its
dash to freedom.
The Amethyst was one of four
British warships that were fired
on in the Yangtze last April. The
gunfire killed 44 British sailors
in alt-

2 A total of 30,826 telephones are
in the new local calling area com-
pared to the 16,072 phones that
could previously be reached toll-
Telephone calls to all towns in
the area except Plymouth and
Ypsilanti may be dialed directly
without help from the operator.
Calls to these two towns still re-
quire an operator's assistance.
To dial directly, Ann Arbor call-
ers will merely dial the number
"3", followed by the first two let-
ters of the name of the town he is
calling. Then the telephone num-
ber desired is dialed.
* * *
mouth the number "3" followed
by the first two letters of the name
of the town is dialed as before,
except the caller will then give
the operator the number desired.
Under the new schedule, month-
ly rates for residence phones have
been increased 25 cents a month.
Business rates have gone up $1.00
a month for one party phones.
The. 10 cent toll charge to Dex-
ter, Whitmore Lake and Ypsilanti
have been eliminated. The 15 cent
charge for calls to Chelsea, Man-
chester and Plymouth have also
been eliminated.
Telephone directories of com-
munities in the enlarged calling
area have already been distrib-
uted. If you have not received
yours to date, they are available
at your nearest telephone com-
pany office. The Michigan Bell
Telephone Company in Ann Ar-
bor has offices at 324 E. Huron.
New equipment and trunk lines
have been installed since company
spokesmen claim that the number
of calls have increased greatly
between towns that have become

May Speed
Senate Group
Blamed for Lag
By The Associated Press
tration was reported working yes-
terday on a proposal to reduce the
size and scope of President Tru-
man's $1,450,000 foreign arms pro-
gram, to speed up Congressional
At the same time, a determined
effort to clip some of the vast
powers wielded by the 21-member
Senate Appropriation Committee
appeared under way.
* * * *
IT WAS THE legislative ques-
tion that sent the $5,647,724,000
foreign aid bill back to the Senate
Appropriations Committee during
the week, and caused the worstO
snarl in regular money bills in 25 OPERA
years or longer, for the
Although the new fiscal year working
is a month old, nearly $30,000,- waiting
000,000 worth of appropriations enginee
now are piled up waiting Sen-
ate action.
A Democratic compromise may R ad
follow the downward revision of
the military assistance program.
Such a compromise may:
1. Reduce the proposed over-
all cash outlay to about $700,-
000,000. "Organ
2. Cut out a provision of the the fouri
Administration Bill giving Presi- next Tue
dent Truman authority to trans- ning.
fer arms to any nation in the The ra
world, restricting such transfers partment
to North Atlantic Pact signers, "Operatic
Greece, Turkey, Korea and one or has been
two other nations. ing of f
3. Provide specifically that the closed-cir
program must be fitted into a
mutual defense plan to be draft- MORE
ed under direction of a defense will part
councilcto be set up by the North which is d
Atlantic Treaty signers.wihha
4. Specifically limit the program with wha
to one year, thus giving the North
Atlantic Council about six months
to act and Congress about sixHot
months to review the situation af-
terwards. split
A COMPROMISE in these gen-
eral terms is known to have been Jjm
discussed by legislators in confer-
ences with Secretary of State
Acheson and Gen. George C. Mar- RICHM
shall, former Secretary who is tak- ia's hott
ing an active part in effort to get paign ne
a program enacted by Congress. and each
Meanwhile, Philip C. Jessup, candidate
one of Secretary Acheson's right ing but v
hand aides, said that complete mary eec
development of an integrated The rac
defense of the North Atlantic all - out
area under the Treaty would charges o
take five or six years. tics andc
The military assistance pro- side labor
gram, he said, would create ef- the choic
fective forces to give support to
the Council's strategic planning. SINCE
* * * Byrd left
ALTHOUGH President Truman 1930 no D
called his $1,450,000,000 proposal a his backin
"minimum" program, checks by handily..

Administration leaders have raised tor John
grave doubts in their minds that chairman
they can push it through Con- Committe
gress. ganization
As the Administration bill Contest:
stands, the President could send Francis
arms to "any foreign govern- scholar an
ment or country," any group of wcho is th
countries or any group of people ganizatior
he might designate as a nation. Horace
Critics have said this authority Horaof
is so broad that Germany and Mayor of
Japan could be rearmed if the cratic Sto
President chose to take any such years wh
course. leadership
* * * Remmie
denied the reports that a com- his firstl
promise was being considered. office.
"The Administration feels-as
Secretary Acheson said earlier OPEN
in the week-that it has a good
case for the full amount and
believes that when the case has
been fully presented to Con- U
gress, Congress will approve and
vote the full sum." State De-
partment press officer Michael Collabor

Arms B

To Discuss
Western Bloc



-Daily-Ray Okonski
TION 4006-Radio students in the Department of Speech are shown rehearsing a program
simulated broadcast which takes place Tuesday. From left to right, Pres Holmes is shown
g on sound effects, Bob Hawkins announcing, and Doris Medina and Virginia Varland
to get "on the air." In the control room behind the studio are Sheldon Gates and Fred Remely
ring and directing the show.
* ** * * * *
io Classes'Plan To Reproduce
)ial Day in a Broadcasting Studio

ized chaos" will reign on
th floor of Angell Hall
sday afternoon and eve-
adio classes of the De-
of Speech are staging
on 4006," the name which
given to the undertak-
ive hours of simulated
cuit broadcasting.
* * *
THAN 100 radio students
icipate in this operation
designed to acquaint them
t a regular broadcast day
ts Virginia
IOND, Va .-U)-Virgin-
test -gubernatorial cam-
-ared its finale yesterday
Eof the four Democratic
,s professed to see noth-
-ictory in Tuesday's pri-
ce quickly turned into an
slugging match with
e "vicious machine" poli-
counter blasts of "out-
forces trying to dictate
s of governor."
the Governor's office in
emocratic candidate with
ig has ever failed to win
This time, State Sena-
LS. Battle, 59-year-old
of the Senate Finance
re, is carrying the or-
n banner.
ding with him are:
SPickens Miller, Rhodes
id former Army Colonel
he out-and-out anti-or-
standard bearer;
H. Edwards, former
Richmond and Demo-
ate Chairman for eight
o broke with the party
to run on his own;
L. Arnold, Petersburg
facturer, who is making
bid for a state public

in Seen


is like

on a commercial radio sta-

The broadcast time to be cov-
ered is from 11:00 in the morn-
ing to 9:00 at night. The opera-
tion will be squeezed into two
small periods, however-from
3:00 to 5:30 and 7:00 to 9:30
-a total of just five hours.
This necessitates cutting the ac-
tual program times in half.
Cramming three station breaks,
"Food and Fashion Fads," the
news, and a Man-on-the-Street
program, for instance, into a half
hour would seem more than
enough to make any organization
TWO ACTUAL broadcast studios
(see cut) plus two converted class-
rooms will be used "for the dif-
ferent programs. Room 4203 will
be turned into a listening room
mainly for students not on the
Edwin 1NTourse
To Give Talke
Ont Resources
Edwin G Nourse, chairman of
the President's Council of Eco-
nomic Advisers, will speak at 8
p.m. tomorrow in the Rackham
Lecture Hall.
The lecture will deal with "Na-
tional Resources and Maximum
- *
NOURSE HAS been chairman
of the Council since 1946. Before
that, he taught economics and
sociology and was vice-president
of the Brooking Institution.
He is the author of a series of
volumes on agricultural market-
ing and pricing and on indus-
trial policies.
Nourse will give a second lec-
ture at 4:15 p.m. Thursday, also
in the Rackham Lecture Hall. His
subject then will be "National Re-
sources and International Secur-
The two lectures will be the
last in the Summer Session lec-
ture program on natural resources.

air at the time, but the public'
may attend.
Getting the programs ready
for this unique operation, which
takes its name from the roomj
number of the radio studio, is
causing a noticeable increase in
aspirin consumption in student
radio circles.
There are 26 different programs
on the schedule ranging from the
ever-present soap opera to live
talent and audience participation
shows. The. big job lies in trying
to get enough people free at one
time to produce the show, since
some are rehearsing, others han-
dling the controls; some waiting
to broadcast, and still others "on
the air" at the moment.
AS ONE harassed female put it,
"It's kind of like a human scav-
enger hunt trying to find every-
thing you need around here."
It will surprise no one, except
perhaps the unsuspecting listen-
ing audience, if Stella Dallas ap-
pears on the "Money for Madness"
show or if Little Orphan Arnie
gives the Washington commen-
"There will probably be mis-
takes made, but that does not
matter a great deal, said Prof.
Garnet R. Garrison, who is in
charge of the affair. It is the
educational value and experience
the students will get from this
experiment that is important."
Senate Checks
Customs, Deal
Maragon was questioned for the
third day by the Senate's "five
percenters" investigators yester-
day, then sparred with reporters
who asked whether he was in-
volved in a 1946 customs duty
Maragon who held White House
pass early in the Truman Admin-
istration, spent more than two
hours behind closed doors before
a sub-committee which set out to
study whether influence has fig-
ured in the awarding of govern-
ment contracts.

Will Survey U.S.
Troops Abroad
FRANKFURT, Germany-(P -.
The United States military chiefs
of staff flew in from Washington
yesterday for a get-acquainted
survey of western Europe's de-
Top-secret conferences with of-
ficers of Italy and Luxembourg
and with American military lead-
ers in Germany are docketed Mon-
day. The party-including Army
Gen. Omar N. Bradley, Air Force
Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg and
Adm. Louis E. Denfeld of the
Navy-has a dual mission on its
10-day tour:
1. To discuss the proposed mill-
tary organization provided by the
12-nation North Atlantic Treaty.
2. To mke a first-hand study
of American troops in Europe, the
bulk of whom are concentrated In
western Germany.
* * *
THE CHIEFS arrived this af-
ternoon in President Truman's
personal plane, the Independence.
They will move on next week to
London, Paris and Vienna for con-
ferences with military leaders of
the Pact nations.
They will confer here with
John L. McCloy, the American
military governor; also the army
navy and air force commanders
in Germany and the Luxem-
bourg and Italian military rep-
resentatives, who have not been
identified. They may take time
out for a quick flight to Berlin.
Denfeld told reporters there
would be no talk about military
aid. President Truman's proposal
for the appropriation of $1,450-
000,000 to arm friendly nations is
before Congress.
* ** *
..THE THREE TOP American
military strategists will make a
first-hand check next week on
United States bomber forces based
in England.
The inspection of B-29 bases
by the joint chiefs of staff is
given increasing significance in
light of their emphasis on U.S.
strategic bombing and use of
the atom bomb in event of war.
Their conception of defense
strategy if western Europe is as-
saulted wras given to Congress just
before they left for meetings with
military chiefs of the member na-
tions and visits to U.S. installa-
tions in Europe.
* * *
eral Omar Bradley said the re-
commendations of the three-Air
General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Ad-
miral Louis Denfeld and himself-
assumed that priority centered
about our ability to deliver the
atom bomb.
Meanwhile, evidence grew
that a substantial amount of
the defensive planning will be
directed at stopping Russia's
mighty tank forces should she
launch upon a push toward the
The Joint Chiefs plan to be in
England on Wednesday and Thurs-
day. They will confer with the
British Chiefs of Staff and rep--
resentatives of other Pact na-
tions who are there and, at the
same time, make inspections of
U.S. air installations on the is-
used by the USAF compose the
largest overseas concentration of
strategic bombing power. It is
from those bases that the initial
retaliatory air strikes presumably
would be launched in event of

Minority Groups
Do People Agree With Their Friends?
EDITOR'S NOTE-This is the fourth of seven articles on the survey Re-
search minority group report. Clip them-they will serve as the basis for
student and administrative action in the fall.)
(co-Managing Editor)
The fourth section of the University Survey Research Center's
report on "Campus Attitudes Toward Minority Groups," deals with
discrepancies between self and friends on attitudes toward minority
Students were asked not only how they themselves felt about
room with, dating, or living in the same house with, members of
other group, but also:
HOW DID THEY THINK "the people they went around with"
felt on these matters?
Composite "social distance" scores were computed for each
student's friends' attitudes as reported by the student, in order
to determine the difference between the two.
"In general, sudents report that they feel much the same as
their friends do on the advisability of rooming with. dating, and
living in the same house with members of another group."
* * * *

ccini's La Boheme' To Be Presented


rating with the School of

g'ay and sad life of the Bo-,

! S('.hntinarr3_ A mimirian .Tack Wii_

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