THE MICHIGAN DXIIY
THURSDAY. JULY 28.
(Editor's Note is written
Editor Craig Wilson.)
WITH DREW PEARSON
11J , I ";Sly
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
IT PROBABLY is beneath the supposed dig-
nity of this column, BUT:
Women should be allowed to enter the
Michigan Union through the front door.
There is no rational, utilitarian justifica-
tion for refusing them entrance. There;
I've said it!
The reason given today for refusing them
the use of the front door is that the Union
is a Men's Club, and is more or less ex,
clusively for the use of men, and women
should feel glad their presence is, even
allowed in the building.
But women, nowadays are winning the
equality that should have been theirs all
through the ages, and even the Union has
accepted them as "here to stay."
The latest argument is that tradition
-that sacred monument to all that is in-
consequential-demands that woman be
kept from the Union main entrance. There
is no rational argument to tradition, be-
cause it defies argument. Either you con-
sider tradition innately valuable or you do
-not and no power of logic can sway you.
However tradition has been giving way
rapidly in recent years. We elected a Pres-
ident for a third (and a fourth) term. We
decided that the exposing of a well-turned
ankle was not immoral. We even dunk do-
nuts. Tradition is fighting a losing battle,
as more and more people think of practical
Perhaps the last and least argument for
women being limited to the side entrance
is that it was fixed up all pretty for them,
with an awning and flower beds (which
distract coeds attention from the nearby
loading dock and assorted trucks).
But hten, should the Union exercise
that sort of paternalism over those who
enter it? Should not, then, the front en-
trance be decorated with football pen-
nants, fishing rods and other things at-
tractive to men?
There is one way to end the Union closed
front door policy:
Keep violating it until students forget
such a silly tradition ever "existed or the
Union is forced to increase its staff of door-
men to a point where the extra cost be-
comes inadvisable and the ruling is officially
THE GENERAL PUBLIC is now in a posi-
tion to know what Political Science 52
students have known for a long time: Na-
tionalization of some of the British industries
is here to stay, come hell or high water, come
Conservatives or come Labor.
The Conservative party, which hopes to
regain the control of Parliament after the
next general election, has issued a 68-page
booklet called "The Right Road for Britain."
This booklet, which is the preliminary cam-
daign platform for the coming election, at-
tacks the Labor government, charging it
with inefficiency, with causing the present
economic crisis and with taking Britain on
the road to Communism.
The Conservatives pledged themselves to
stop further nationalization and make
some changes in the present system, but
they said nothing about getting rid of so-
cialization altogether. Specifically, they
want to free iron and steel from the,
"threat" of state ownership, overhaul the
Coal Board and return truck transport to
private owners. Apparently nothing was
said about socialized medicine.
Thus it can be seen that there will be no
startling changes if a Conservative govern-
ment takes over. Even in its headline, the
most the New York Times could say was
"Manifesto Vows to Denationalize Certain
Parts of Some Industries."The Conserva-
tives just think that they can run things
better than the Laborites can. They still
want government control of coal, health
services, utilities and railroads.
This may disappoint some of our more
vociferous free enterprisers, but the ex-
planation is simple. Before nationalization,
the coal mines were practically bankrupt,
the public was unable to afford proper med-
ical treatment. The state had to step in, in
one form or another. It did so because it
was necessary and not because it wanted to
destroy private initiative or the small bus-
Public ownership does not necessarily
mean Communism or even Socialism. In
our own country, the post office and the
school have become public institutions
and are accepted as such by the people.
Bismarck bought up the railroads for the
Prussian government, yet Bismarck is sel-
dom accused of having been a Socialist.
The British Conservative leaders are just
being logical in drawing up their campaign
platform. They have accepted nationaliza-
tion of some of the industries because there
was no other way out.
WASHINGTON-One partial by-product
of Cardinal Spellman's attack on Mrs.
Roosevelt is a new political alignment which
may reshape the politics of the entire na-
tion. It may spell the difference between
the election of a Democrat and Republican
President in 1952, and a Republican and
Democratic congress in 1950.
To understand what is happening, you
have to remember that for the past two
decades there has been a close political
alliance between Catholics and Jews in
New York City, and in many other big
industrial cities, such as Boston and Phil-
The combination of Catholics and Jews in
New York consistently carried the state for
Roosevelt, and for Al Smith before him. It
was an almost unbeatable combination.
However, Democratic political leaders are
now privately and mournfully predicting
that the alliance is almost certain to fall
apart. They base this upon two factors:
One, is the much-publicized attack on
Mrs. Roosevelt by Cardinal Spellman,
which has focused nation-wide attention
on religious issues.
Two, is the much-less publicized opposi-
tion of Cardinal Spellman to ex-Governor
Herbert Lehman, who had hoped to be the
first Jew in history to be elected to the
United States Senate.
* * *
CARDINAL OPPOSES LEHMAN
Lehman, who served as governor of New
York longer than any other man, was con-
sidered a sure winner for the Senate seat
of ex-Senator Bob Wagner. As governor, he
had received the support of all religious
groups. However, the Cardinal and Lehman
got into an argument last year over the
banning of The Nation, a magazine, from
New York public school libraries because
The Nation had published a series of articles
by Paul Blanshard critical of the Catholi
Lehman took the position at that time
that, since the New York public schools
are attended by Protestants and Jews as
well as Catholics, their reading material
should not be fixed by Catholics alone.
Lehman felt that the Catholic church had
every right to set the reading material in
its own parochial schools, but not in public
schools which are supported by the tax-
Cardinal Spellman, however, vigorously
disagreed with Lehman and wrote him a
sharp personal letter.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: HERB KRAVITZ
WHEN IT COMES time to decide wheri
to go for that summertime Friday night
date, students usually find that Ann Arbor's
entertainment facilities are very, very stand-
There are the usual movies at the usual
There is the usual dance at the League.
These attractions are always available.
They are fine, but after five or six -weeks of
them, they have a tendency to leave a flat
taste in one's entertainment-sensitive pal-
This week-end is different, however.
Thanks to the speech department, local
pleasure seekers will be able to enjoy the
joys of outdoor theatre-going at one of the
campus' true beauty spots.
SpeecJhe departmentaplayers will romp
across the marble slabs of the Clements
Library as an ancient Greek play, Euripides'
"The Trojan Women" is presented tonight
and tomorrow night.
The Clements Library, with its stately
columns and its broad walks, provides the
ideal setting for this timeless tragedy.
It is probably the nearest thing to an out-
door amphitheatre which Ann Arbor can
Besides the artistic beauty of this outdoor
theatre, the audience will be able to enjoy
the play in comfort, cooled by nature's own
Congratulations are in order for the speech
department for its willingness to offer an
outdoor play this summer.
More congratulations should go to the
same department for offering such a play
as "The Trojan Women," thereby giving
students a glimpse of a form of drama
which is much different from the usual
sort of local theatrical fare.
Such innovations help enliven a summer
school session which can easily slide into
hot weather doldrums as the "dog-days" of
late July and early August.
Now that Lehman is available for the
Senate, he has received word from Catholic
leaders that, because of his stand on the
censorship of The Nation, he would -have
definite church opposition.
Naturally, this would make it difficult,
if not impossible, for him to win. This has
been the chief reason why the ex-goverior
has delayed in announcing his candidacy.
This Catholic opposition to Lehman,
coupled with the Cardinal's criticism of Mrs.
Roosevelt, who has always had strong Jew-
ish support, is why Democratic leaders are
so worried over continuation of the Jewish-
Catholic political alliance in the big Eastern
* * *
FDR, JR., TALKED WITH CARDINAL
In the light of Cardinal Spellman's crit-
icism of Mrs. Roosevelt, it is interesting to
recall a conference which took place between
the Cardinal and her son before young
Franklin ran for Congress last spring.
FDR, Jr., called on the Cardinal in order
to inform him that his wife was planning to
sue for divorce. Young Franklin is an Epis-
copalian, but he called on the Catholic pre-
late because of the fact that about 25 per
cent of the voters in the 20th New York
district are Catholic and he wanted their
support in his congressional race.
Roosevelt made it clear that he did not
want the divorce, but that his wife, the
former Ethel du Pont, insisted on it. Card-
inal Spellman deplored the divorce, but
advised that if Mrs. Franklin Roosevelt,
Jr., demanded it, then FDR, Jr., shouldr
refrain from marrying again.
The Cardinal took no part in Roosevelt's
subsequent congressional race, which he won
by a substantial majority.
Note-About 60 per cent of the voters in
Roosevelt's district are Jewish, with 25 per
cent Catholic. He drew support from both
McCARRAN'S PERSONAL IMMIGRANTS
Senator Pat McCarran of Nevada, whose
name means "keep out" to Europe's homeless
refugees, actually begged the Senate the
other day to admit 2550 more people into
It turned out, however, that he only
wanted sheepherders to tend flocks in the
west. McCarran wanted to import them,
not from displaced-person camps, but from
the Pyrenees mountains along the Franco-
This was a curious request coming from
McCarran who, alone, stands in the way of
400,000 'displaced persons (including 5,000
sheepherders) who wish a new life in the
United States. As chairman of the Senate
Judiciary Committee, he has been able to
block a bill rectifying the 80th Congress' D.P.
Act which discriminated against Jews and
Thus, senators were a little baffled at the
spectacle of the gentleman from Nevada
pleading to raise the immigration bars. In
fact, he almost got down on his knees.
"There is no more important bill on the
calendar than this one," begged McCarran.
Fervently, he described the plight of the
West's neglected sheep and the need for
sheepherders from abroad.
But Sen. Robert Hendrickson, New Jersey
Republican, gave McCarran a taste of his
"As I understand," remarked Hendrick-
son slyly, "there are in some of the dis-
placed-persons camps over 5,000 sheepherd-
He blocked the bill.
(Copyright, 1949, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
B. S. Brown ...................Co-Managing Editor
Craig Wilson................ Co-Managing Editor
Merle Levin.................... .Sports Editor
Marilyn Jones .. ......... Women's Editor
Bess Young........................... Librarian
Robert C. James .................Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. ..............Advertising Manager
Ethel Ann Morrison .......... Circulation Manager
James McStocker................Finance Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited
to it or otherwise credited to this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein
are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office atrAnn Arbor, Michi-
gan, as second-class mail matter.
MATTER OF FACT
by STEWART ALSOP
RANGOON, Burma-"Anybody, when asked about the political situ-
ation in our country," remarked Burmese Premier Thakin Nu
recently, "will answer that it is an awful mess. There can be no other
answer." This ranks as about the frankest statement on record by any
chief of state-and also the most accurate. The situation in Burma is
the messiest in Asia, which is saying a great deal. Yet the mess is not,
essentially, a hopeless mess.
It looks hopeless enough on the surface. What is going on in
Burma is not so much a civil war as a kind of nation-wide riot.
No less than five major groups-and countless minor groups-are
taking part in the riot. To give some notion of just how messy the
mess here is, the major groups may be briefly listed and described.
One: The government, or what is left of it. The higher officials
of this government can be found crouching in a comfortable concen-
tration camp, surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards, in the
suburbs of Rangoon. Even inside this concentration camp, as Thakin
Nu has also plaintively remarked, the government officials sleep with
revolvers under their pillows. Such precautions are necessary simply
because most of their predecessors have already been assassinated.
These officials are not, by nature, violent men. Like Thakin Nu
himself (who has a strong and not unnatural desire to retire to a
Buddhist monastery) they are bookish left-wing intellectuals whose
knowledge of government, before they inherited power from the Brit-
ish, was derived wholly from the printed word. They are now learning
certain lessons which were not spelled out in the Socialist tracts they
read in their university days. In the process of learning, however, they
have completely lost control over the country they are supposed to
Two: The White Flag Communists. The Communists were
the first to take up arms against the government. This they did in
the late spring of last year, at about the same time that the Com-
munists in India, Malaya and Indonesia also resorted to "direct
action," obviously as part of Moscow's over-all strategy for Asia.
The White Flag Communists are the orthodox Stalinists, and their
leader is Thakin Than Tun, a former friend of Thakin Nu.
Three: The Red Flag Communists. These are led by another for-
mer friend, Thakin So. Thakin So is called a Trotskyite, but he is
actually merely a proud fellow who refuses to take orders from
Thakin Than Tun. The Communists have also split into warring camps
in Indonesia and India, and for much the same reason. This tendency
of Asiatic Communist movements to split apart is interesting, and may
Four: The war-time resistance movement, called the Peoples' Vol-
unteer Association. The P.V.A., like everything else in Burma, has
come apart, splitting into the Yellow Band, unreliably loyal to the
government, and the White Band, unreliably allied to the White Flag
Communists. The White Band-and this again is a phenomenon com-
mon to all Southeast Asia-consists largely of young men who discov-
ered during the war that it is pleasanter to call yourself a hero and
to rob villages than to work.
Five, and most important, the Karens. Burma is a jumbled
patchwork of races, and the three million or so Karens constitute
one of the biggest patches. The Karens are the best fighting men
in Burma. Recently they came within an ace of capturing Ran-
goon itself. The Karens want a semi-autonomous state within
Burma, which the government is willing to concede in principle.
The trouble is that the size of the state the Karens want grows
with their military successes. The Karens are far more powerful
than the other groups fighting the government, and thus a settle-
ment with the Karens is an absolute prerequisite to re-establishing
the government's authority.
All these groups are intermittently fighting not only the govern-
ment but each other. While this nation-wide free-for-all is in pro-
gress, the Chinese Communists are edging nearer the long, undefended
Burma-Chinese border. Chinese Communist chief Mao Tse Tung is
reliably believed to have offered Thakin Than Tun a secret mutual
assistance pact last February.
The pact envisages material aid from the Chinese "Peoples' Lib-
eration Army" in "liberating" Burma. Thus it would seem reasonable
to assume that the new Communist imperialism in Asia will swallow
Burma as easily as a boa constrictor swallows a crippled lamb.
Yet, given certain conditions, this need not necessarily be so.
The first and wholly essential condition is time, time to begin to
clean up the "awful mess."
Everywhere in Southeast Asia, but especially here, it is blindingly
obvious that any measures which may slow the advance south of the
Chinese Communist armies are in the hard, practical interest of the
United States and the whole Western world.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
N ALL THIS EXCITEMENT over the Cards, let's not overlook their
fellow townsmen who pay allegiance to the American League. So
far this season, the Browns have suffered more than 50 defeats
including at least one or two really brutal shellackings, at the hands
of their American League competitors. But the Brownies have now
given notice in no uncertain terms that they're no longer to be
All notices for the Daily Official"
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session in typewrittenl
form by 3:30 p.m. of the day preced-
ing its publication, except on Satur-
day when the notices should be sub-
mitted by 11:30 a.m., Room 3510 Ad-
THURSDAY, JULY 28, 1949 1
VOL. LIX, No. 27S
Seniors, College of L.S.&A., and
Schools of Education, Music, and
Public Health: Tentative lists of1
seniors for August graduation
have been posted on the Regis-
trar's bulletin - board in the
first floor corridor, Administration1
Building. If your name is mis-i
spelled or the degree expected in-
correct, please notify the Recorder
at Registrar's window number 1,
1513 Administration Building:;
The Civil Service Commission of)
the City of Detroit announces an
examination for Assistant Super-
intendent of Public Service.
The State of Michigan Civil
Service Commission announces ex-
aminations for Game Biologist,
Game Research Biologist, Bio-
chemist, and Actuarial Assistant.
Additional information may be'
obtained at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
Fellowships for graduate study'
or research for 1950-51 are being
offered by the American Associa-
tion of University Women to
American women for study in the1
United States or abroad. Detailed
information with instructions for1
applying may be secured from the
Secretary, Committee on Fellow-
ship Awards, American Associa-
tion of University Women, 1634
Eye Street,- N.W., Washington 6,
D.C. In addition one fellowship is
open to a national of a Latin
American republic for advanced
study in the United States. Fu-
ture applicants wishing more de-
tails before writing to the Ameri-
can Association of University Wo-
men may call at the office of the
Dean of Women.
The Public School of Minneap-
olis are in need of teachers of"
Handicapped Children. Teachers
are needed to instruct the Blind,
Deaf, Mentally Retarded; Crippled,
and those with Speech defects.
The Bureau of Appointments
has received a call for a teacher
of Chemistry. The Ph.D. is re-
For further information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Administration Bldg. or call ext.'
English 180s, section 2, will meet
Friday, July 29, instead of today,
at 11:00, 1007 A.H. Mr. John A.
Sargent and Mr. Nafe E. Katter
will read poems by Dickinson,
Whitman, and Sandburg. All stu-
dents interested in poetry are in-
vited to attend.
Veterans presently enrolled un-
der the G.I. Bill, who plan to use
those benefits in any other insti-
tution or for on-the-job training
in the fall, should call at the Vet-
erans Service Bureau, Room 555
Aedministration Building (hours 8-
12; 1-5) at their earliest conven-
ience to make arrangements to ob-
tain a Supplemental Certificate of
Eligibility for use at that time.
Professor S. Timoshenko will
present an informal talk in the
series of lectures on the history of
strength of materials and the the-
ory of elasticity sponsored by the
Engineering Mechanics Depart-
ment' on Thursday evening, July
28, from 7:30 to 9:00 p.m. in Room
311, West Engineering Building.
His subject will be "English Con-
tribution to Theory of Elasticity
in the 19th Century, Including the
Work of Stokes, W. Thompson, C.
Maxwell, and Rayleigh." All who
are interested are invited to at-
tend this meeting.
The Departments of Aeronau-
tical Engineering and Engineering
Mechanics will present F. R.
Shanley, Consulting Engineer,
Rand Corporation, in two special
lectures. The first is Friday, July
29, at 4:00 p.m.; the second, Sat-
urday, July 30, at 11:00 a.m. Both
lectures will be held in Rm. 445,
West Engineering Building. His
topic will be "Optimum Structural
Design." All who are interested are
invited to attend.
Seminar in Applied Mathema-
tics-will meet Thursday, July 28
at 4:00 in Rm. 247 West Engineer-
ing Bldg. Dr. R. A. Clark will speak
on the subject "On the Theory of
Thin Elastic Toroidal Shells." All
interested are invited.
Professor Max Dehn will address
the University of Mathematics
Colloquium Friday, July 29, in Rm.
3201 Angell Hall at 4:30 p.m. He
will: talk on Structural Problems
200S are expected to attend this
lecture. Other students and the
general public are invited.
Lecture: Colonial Speech and
the Rise of Standard German.
Professor Otto Springer. Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania. 7:30 p.m.
Rackham Amphitheatre, July 28.
Doctoral Examination for Don-
ald Joseph Merchant, Bacteriol-
ogy; thesis: "The Effect of Serum
and other Substances on the Ac-
tivity of the Polymorphonuclear
Leukocytes of the Guinea Pig,"
Thursday, July 28. 1528 East Med-
ical Bldg., at 1:30 p.m. Chairman,
W. J. Nungester.
Doctoral Preliminary Examina-
tions for Students in Education:
Preliminary examinations for doc-
toral applicants in education will
be held August 15, 16, 17. All stu-
dents who anticipate taking these
examinations must file their
names and fields of specialization
with the chairman of the Com-
mittee on Graduate Studies in Ed-
ucation, Rm. 4012, University High
School, not later than Aug. f.
Student Recital: Marion Thom-
as, graduate student of piano with
Joseph Brinkman, will present a
program at 8:00 p.m., Thursday,
July 28 in the Rackham Assembly
Hall, in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. Her program will
include compositions by Scarlatti,
Beethoven, Ravel and Schumann.
This recital is open to the public.
Student Recital. The University
of Michigan Summer Session Band
will present a program in the Law
Quadrangle on Thursday, July 28
at 7:00 p.m. Mr. Wm. D. Revelli
will be the conductor, and Mr.
Philip Lang, who is a guest con-
ductor during this Summer Ses-
sion, will also conduct 3 of his
own numbers. They will present
work by Gounod-Lake, Wagner,
Goldman, Friedmann, Creston,
Sarasate-Lang, Lang, Reed and
Student Recital: Ethel Pehrson,
graduate student of piano with
Marian Owen and Helen Titus, will
present a program at 8:00 p.m.,
Friday, July 29, at Kellogg Audi-
torium, in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. Her program will
include compositions by Beetho-
ven, Brahms, Schubert and Mous-
sorgsky. The recital is open to the
Rackham Galleries, east gallery.
Paintings by Willard MacGregor,
Visiting Professor of Piano, School
of Music (July 8-August 5.)
Architecture Building: Exhibit
of student work in design and in
city planing. (June 9-August 13).
University Museums Bldg., ro-
tunda. Life around the Mexican
Museum of Archaeology: An-
tiquities of the Mediterranean
Clements Library. Unique Can-
adiana: A selection of fifteen Ca-
nadian rarities in the Clements
Library. (June 20-Aug. 19).
General Library: main lobby
cases. Contributions of the Ancient
Mediterranean World to Western
The Trojan Women by Eurip-
ides (the Gilbert Murray trans-
lation) will be presented by the
Department of Speech tonight and
Friday night. This classical trag-
edy, which supplements the
Summer Session's program of
"The Ancient Civilizations of
Greece and Rome" will be per-
formed on the steps of Clements
Library. Both performances be-
ginning at 8 o'clock. There will be
no admission charge.
Cercle Francais: The fifth meet-
ing of the Cercle Francais will
take place at 8 p.m. today in the
Hussey.- Room of the Michigan
The program will feature Pro-
fessor Rene Talamon of the De-
partment of Romance Languages
who will present some of his well-
known "Lecture dramatiques," and
Miss Ruth Campbell, lyric soprano
and music major, who will enter-
tamn withFrench songs from her
Classical Studies: The regular
weekly coffee-hour will be held on
Friday, July 29, at 4:00 p.m. in
the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Professor
Brendel will speak on Roman
.Pail culture. huh? Sure this ain't justI
F1 could recite "Boots! Boots! Boots!"
f can't stay out here in the damp'night air... 1