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July 21, 1948 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1948-07-21

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BERLIN
EXPRESS
See Page 4

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CONTINUED

STICKY

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 189 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, JULY 21, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS
olli I Il 1111111111|1| 1111 111 IIII III-a d ,

Slosson ites
Hopes Dealt
TripleBlow
Ruthven Supports
SAC Veto Decision
A triple blow was dealt Monday
to the campaign on campus of
Prof. Preston W. Slosson for nom-
ination as Congressman on the
Democratic slate in the Michigan
Second Congressional District.
In a letter to Thomas C. Walsh,
leader of the Slosson supporters
on campus, President Alexander
. Ruthven said he was "con-
vinced that there is no reason
why I should ask the Student
Affairs Committee to reconsider
their action."
The SAC recently refused to
allow recognition to "Students
for Slosson Club."
Walsh's efforts to bring Prof.
Slosson to public attention in
a rally of all Democratic and
Republican hopefuls for the
House seat, failed when Dean
Walter B. Rea, announced that
present Regent rulings would
bar such an open meeting on
campus.
But the props were already out
from under the rally suggestion
put forward by Jack Warren
chairman of the Young Repub-
licans and Bob Collins, chairman
of the Young Democrats.
In a joint statement issued
Sunday, Collins and Warren an-
nounied that "such a meeting
would best be held in the fall."
They cited the reconvening of
Congress which would call away
incumbent Rep. Earl C. Michener,
Republican, and the fact that "the
suggestion made by the Slosson
group left little time in which to
act."
Chairman Warren told The
Daily that "the putting of the
question to Dean Rea" of the
y legality of such a rally did not
have the support of either the
Young Republicans or the
Young Democrats.
Efforts to hold the rally in
the fall began yesterday when
Walsh urged both organizations
to request that the Regents "act
to permit such a bi-partisan
meeting in the fall." The War-
ren-Collins statement did not
commit' either to support the
rally.
Dr. Ruthven, in his letter to
Walsh, said he did not consider
the action of the Student Affairs
Committee as "a reflection on
Prof. Slosson, as any infringement
on the rights of students to or-
ganize under University regula-
tions, or as having anything to do
with the use of "The Victors" by
any candidate for public office."
(Walsh had charged that since
the University would not allow
a political rally on campus as it
might put the administration in
the position of appearing to sup-
port a candidate, it could hardly
approve of Presidential nominee
Thomas E. Dewey's use of the
Wolverine marching song in con-
nection with his current cam-
paign.)
France Seeks
Strong Leader
For Premier
Herriot Mentioned
As Possible Choice

PARIS, July 20 - (jP) - The
names Edouard Herriot and Paul
Reynaud were most mentioned for
Premier tonight as the French
searched for a strong government
to speak for them in the four-
power dealings they expect over
Berlin.
Premier Robert Schuman re-
signed last night after the Social-
ists quit his cabinet and voted
against his defense budget.
Former Premier
Friends of former Premier Her-
riot were especially anxious to
have the 76-year-old President of
the National Assembly come back
and head the government through
what one of them described as the
"trying months ahead."
Reynaud, lase Premier before the
surrender to the Germans in 1940,
was opposed in some quarters be-
cause his name is linked with the
disaster of 1940.
But some of those close to Her-
riot were afraid he was too old and
feeble to take over the govern-

Draft Registration Date
Named by President
All Men 18-25 Must Sign Up Between
Aug. 30-Sept. 22; Induction Time Not Set
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 20-President Truman today ordered all
American men 18 through 25 to register for the draft between Aug.
30 and Sept. 18.
No one would predict when actual inductions will begin. But this
can not be before Sept. 22, or 90 days after Mr. Truman signed the
Draft Bill making it law.
Eighteen-year-olds, not subject to the 21-month draft, may begin
enlisting in the armed services tomorrow. By volunteering for one year
and then serving a longer period in the reserves they may avoid the

More Jets To Go
To Germany; Clay
Leaves for U.S
Fighters To Supplement B-29 Force;
General To Make Report on Crisis
By The Associated Press
BERLIN, July 20-The growing Berlin crisis was reflected today
in announcements that American air power in Germany will be bol-
stered by 75 jet-propelled fighter planes and that Gen. Lucius D.
Clay, American Commander in Germany, has been summoned to
Washington for a report on the situation.
Gen. Clay left Tuesday night by plane for Washington. He will
return to Berlin Sunday.
The American moves followed a surprise Russian announcement
that they were prepared to supply all of Berlin with food. The Russian
announcement was labeled "propaganda" by Allied spokesmen who
tended to discount it in view of the fact that it would defeat the ap-
parent purpose of Russian block- * **
ade of Berlin.

Federal Grand
jury Inidicts
Communists
Party Leaders Label
Charges_'Frame-up'
NEW YORK, July 20 - (k') -
Twelve U. S. Communist Party
leaders and members were indict-
ed today on charges of advocating
the overthrow of the United States
government.

Among them was
Foster, head of the
Party of America.
Seven Arrested

William Z.
Communist

Seven of the group, including
General Secretary Eugene V. Den-
nis, were arrested and arraigned
on the charges.
The others, named with the first
seven in secret indictments re-
turned by a Federal Grand Jury
investigating alleged subversive
activities, were being sought.
A formal statement by the Com-
munist Party, released a few min-
utes before the seven were ar-
raigned, denied the charges and
characterized them as a "mon-
strous frame-up."
Detroit Communist
One of the group was arrested
and arraigned in Detroit tonight.
He was Carl Winters, 41, chair-
man of the Michigan State Coun-
cil of the Communist Party and a
member of the party's national)
committee.
The others were taken into cus-
tody in New York City. All those
arraigned here entered pleas of
innocent, the -same plea was en-
tered for Winters in Detroit.
The other four under arrest
were:
Under Arrest
New York City Councilman
Benjamin Davis; John B. Wil-
liamson, trade union secretary for
the party; Henry Winston, party
organizational secretary; and
Jacon Stachel, educational secre-
tary.
The five being sought were iden-
tified as:
Irving Potash, manager of the
CIO Furriers Joint Council of New
York City; John Gates, editor
since July, 1947 of the Daily
Worker, official organ of the
Communist Party in the United
States; Robert G. Thompson,
chairman of the New York State
Communist Party; Gilbert Green
of Chicago, District Chairman for
the Communist Party at Chicago,
and Gus Hall of Celevand, chair-
man of the Ohio Communist Par-
ty.
Charges
The indictments charged all
with "conspiring to teach and ad-
vocate the overthrow of the Unit-
ed States government by force and'
violence."
The New York Sun said the
Grand Jury action is timed, either
by design or accident, to embar-
rass acutely the Communist back-
ers of Henry Wallace." Wallace's
Third Party begins its national
convention in Philadelphia Fri-
day.
At Philadelphia, C. B. Baldwin,
campaign manager for Wallace,
was asked for a comment on the
New York arrests. He said:
"We aren't making any state-
ment on this because it doesn't in-
volve the New Party. My only an-
swer would be 'No comment'."

draft later. By law only 161,000 of
the 18-year-olds may be accepted.
Everyone Registers
Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey,
Selective Service Director, empha-
sized that all men 18 through 25,
unless they already are in the ac-
tive armed services, must register.
* Whether or not a man is exempt
from the draft makes no dif-
ference, he said. All must reg-
ister, unless they now are in the
regular forces and on active duty.
General Hershey estimated that
this means approximately 9,500,-
000 men will sign up at America's
4,000 draft offices in the 20-day
period beginning Aug. 30.
Exempt from the draft are all
war veterans who served 90 days
in the shooting war (Pearl Har-
bor Day, Dec. 7, 1941, to V-J Day,
Sept. 2, 1945), or 12 months be-
tween Sept. 16, 1940, and June 24,
1948, when the draft act became
law.
Also exempt are medical men,
regularly ordained ministers, stu-
dents studying for the ministry,
and conscientious objectors.
Men who were in the National
Guard or an organized, drilling
reserve unit on June 24 also are
exempt as long as they stay in
that organization and carry out
duties.
Registration Dates
President Truman's proclama-
tion calling for registration set
these dates:
Men born in 1922 after Aug. 30
will register first of all on Aug. 30.
These are men of 25, about 300,-
000 of them, who would be inelig-
ible after one more birthday.
Next to register will be all
born in the year 1923. Some of
these will be 24, some 25. But
all born in 1923 will register Aug.
31-Sept. 1.
Persons born in 1924 will reg-
ister Sept. 2-3; 1925, Sept. 4 or
Sept. 7; 1926, Sept. 8-7; 1927,
Sept. 10-11; 1928, Sept. 13-14;
1929; Sept. 15-16; and persons
orn in 1930 before Sept. 19 must
register Sept. 17-18.
Study Projects
Receive Funds
For Support
Research projects and admin-
istrative expenses for 1948-49 re-
ceived support amounting to $230,-
912.15 from the Rackham funds
and the Faculty Research funds.
Of the total, $209,624 was al-
lotted by the Board of Governors
of the Horace H. Rackham School
of Graduate Studies from en-
dowment funds and the remain-
der from the Executive Board
from research funds.
Grants madeinclude: Mary A.
Rackham fund, $44,000; Rackham
Arthritis Research fund, $32,310;
Rackham Sociological Research
fund, $15,300; and the Horace H.
Rackham fund, $70,850.
Other grants were: Physical
Sciences, $10,000; Biological Sci-
ences, $15,425; Social Sciences,
$2,500; Fine Arts, $3,164; Health
Sciences, $5.575; and special items
$10,500.
Funds given by the Faculty Re-
search fund included: Physical
Science, $4,050; Biological Sci-
ences, $7,475; Language and Lit-
erature, $2,492.25; Social Sciences,
$4,740.90; Fine Ars, $850; and
Health Sciences, $1,680.

Progressive
Party Begins
Platform Draft
Attention Centered
On ForeignPolicy
PHILADELPHIA, July 20--(P)-
Platform makers for Henry A.
Wallace's Third Party got down
to work today on the eve of open
hearings at which representatives
of more than 40 organizations will
testify.
An executive session of the 74-
member group centered attention
on foreign policy and a proposal
for nationalization of basic indus-
tries.
Windmill Signs
Windmill signs separately call-
ing for "Abundance," "Freedom,"
",Peace," went up on the marquee
at Bellevue-Stratford Hotel head-
quarters where the Republican
elephant and Democratic donkey
drew so much attention in recent
weeks.
Convention arrangements went
ahead with announcement that
Albert Fitzgerald, president of the
CIO United Electrical Workers,
will introduce Wallace for his
presidential nomination accept-
ance speech at Shibe Park Satur-
day night.
Mass Rally
The mass rally will highspot
the New Party founding conven-
tion which opens Friday night. It
will be open to the public with
tickets selling at 85 cents, $1.30
and $2.60 to. raise campaign
funds.
Discussion of foreign policy, a
platform committee spokesman
said, appeared to be anti-bipar-
tisan-as the Truman administra-
tion insisted on it-and against
both the Marshall Plan and the
Truman Doctrine.
"They believe," he stated, "that
the question of peace can be
worked out through a strong Unit-
ed Nations with relief based on
need rather than on political ex-
pediency."
Industrial Nationalization
Commenting on nationalization
of industry, the spokesman said
"you can surmise that there will
be a give and take on how far
the nationalization program will
be discussed. Mostly it involves
certain public utilities and what
we regard as basic industries."
Among those who will appear
tomorrow and Thursday at open,
policy - hearings are the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People; Dr. Franics
Townsend, leader of the Town-
send Old Age Pension Movement;
the United World Federalists, the
Teachers Union, the Congress of
American Women and the Physi-
cians Forum.

LAST RITES-Thousands came to pay tribute to General of the Armies John Pershing, the man
who led American forces to a smashing victory in World War I. The caisson containing the hero's
body is shown at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia
where Gen. Pershing will be laid to rest.

WASHINGTON, July 20-(AP)-
The Thomas E. Dewey camp said
today that the 1948 Republican
platform can't possibly be written
into law by what it called the
"rump" session of Congress start-
ing next Monday.
Herbert Brownell. Jr.. Governor
Dewey's campaign manager,
handed down the word. He told a
news conference:
"The Republican platform calls
for the enactment of a program by
a Republican Congress under the
leadership of a Republican presi-
dent.
"Obviously, this cannot be done
No A oreenent
Made as Ford
Talks Continiue
DETROIT, July 20-1P)-The
Ford Motor Co. and the CIO-
United Auto Workers ended the
first of their new non-stop wage
talks today with no sign of hav-
ing reached an agreement.
They agreed, however, to meet
again Wednesday at 2 p.m.
Strike action has already been
approved by the Union's 116,000
Ford workers and by its interna-
tional executive board but no
strike date has been set.
The last publicly-announced
Ford wage offer was termed a
"final" one, and included a 13-
cent raise and several social se-
curity and other benefits.
The Union last week scaled
down its demands from a 14-cent
wage boost plus 14 cents in fringe
concessions to a figure that is
now reportedly in the vicinity of
21 cents overall.
Federal mediators were not yet
in the picture, but one of them.
Justin McCormick, remained on
the sidelines at today's sessions as
an "observer."
World .News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
SALINA, Kas., July 20-A heavy
rail movement of army equipment
from Camp Philips to the Eastern
coast for England appeared to be
underway today but a cloak of si-
lence was drawn tightly about the
operation.
* * *

at a rump session called at a po-
litical convention for political pur-
poses in the heat of a political
campaign."
Criticizes Session
Brownell wouldn't say what he
meant by "rump" session, but his
criticism was leveled at President
Truman's announcement of the
Congress call when he accepted
the Democratic nomination last
week at Philadelphia.
At that time, Mr. Truman ticked
off a list of measures he wants
passed. Many of these, he said,
the Republicans supported in their
platform. He said he would give
them a chance to carry out their
pledges.
Brownell issued his statement
after discussing'the substance of
it, he said, with Dewey.(
No Misconstruction
He said it would be wrong to
read into the statement any idea
that Dewey wants Congress to
take no action at the forthcoming
session.
Congressional leaders undoubt-
edly will meet early next week,
Brownell said, to discuss what the
session can and should do.
The session may open with a
filibuster.
A Republican leader, Senator
Wherry of Nebraska, hinted
broadly that Civil Rights legisla-
tion demanded by President Tru-
man may come up for Senate de-
bate when Congress starts work.
Southern Protest
Automatically this would turn
on a storm of angry Southern ora-
tory to talk the bill to death. It
could serve to drive deeper the
wedge between the harmony-seek-
ing Truman followers and the
Dixie wing of the Democratic
Party.
Unlike President Truman,
Wherry said he is not so sure
enough votes could be mustered to
cut off debate. This would require
a two thirds majority.
Wherry, who acted as GOP
floor leader most of the recent
session, told reporters that the
party leadership has not yet de-
cided on any program. But he ob-
served:
'The only legislation in the
President's program that I know
of that is ready is these Civil
Rights Bills."

'RUMP' CONGRESS:
Dewey Says Special Session
Won'tAccomplish Platform

U. S. spokesmen in England
said the 75 "shooting star" jets,
comprising a full group of fight-
ers, would arrive in Scotland
Aug. 4 on the Aircraft Carrier
Sicily, and would be flown to
Germany--but not to Berlin.
Another 16 fighters of the
same type arrived in Stornaway,
Scotland from Iceland, en route
to Germany. In addition, 60
giant B-29 Superfortresses have
arrived at three RAF air fields
in England for "training mis-
sions."
There was some speculation the
jets might be used as escorts for
the flying freight wagons now sup-
plying blockaded Berlin with food,
if the Western powers decide that
step is necessary.
The report of Clay and Murphy,
top American policy makers in
Germany, is expected to play a
major part in deciding the next
American step in the battle to
break the Russian blockade. Sharp
counter-measures have been re-
ported under consideration since
Russia refused to yield to stiff
protest notes from Britain, France
and the United States. Proposals
have ranged from excluding Rus-
sians from Allied routes in other
parts of the world to the drastic
step of sending an armed supply
convoy through Russian barriers.
The Russian promise to sup-
ply food to Western Berliners
was not put into practice today.
The Russians said theiy would
help feed all of the city's resi-
dents, including 2,000,000 in the
Western sectors, with the aid of
100,000 tons of bread and grain
to be shipped from the Soviet
Union.
Both the American and British
military governments were skepti-
cal of the Russian offer. Gen.
Clay said "the proof is in the per-
formance, not in the statement."
The British officially labeled the
offer "pure propaganda" and
promised that "the British with
the United States of America will
continue to supply the food neces-
sary for the Western sectors."
Shoppers who ventured into the
Soviet sector of Berlin to make
purchases of rationed foods were
sent back empty-handed by store-
keepers who refused to honor their
coupons.
Powers Against
Forceful Means
THE HAGUE, July 20-(AP)-
The five nations of the Western
European Union were reliably re-
ported in agreement tonight
against any show of force against
Russia in Germany.
They said they had decided to
do everything possible to "defend
their independence, integrity and
institutions."

i

Statement on
ForeignCrisis
Requests Truman
Tell Nearness of War
WASHINGTON, July 20-( )-
A leading Republican Congress-
man said today President Truman
should tell Congress how close the
United States is to war with Rus-
sia.
Rep. Eaton (Rep., N.J.), chair-
man* of the House Foreign Af-
fairs Committee, suggested that
the President deliver his estimate
of the situation when Congress re-
convenes upon his call next Mon-
day.
Supreme Issue
Rep. Eaton told reporters that
in his first announcement that he
is recalling Congress Mr. Truman
mentioned only domstic matters
Eaton declared, however, that the
situation resulting from the Rus-
sian food blockade of Berlin is
"the supreme issue confronting
not only the nation but also the
world."
"It is a world conflict between
Christ and the Devil, between
freedom and slavery," he said.
Hill of Beans
"Our little political differences
don't amount to a hill of beans.
We are at the most fateful mo-
ment in the history of civiliza-
tion."
Eaton said the State Depart-
ment has been "tremendously
worried" about the situation and
he added: "So were we."
"The breed I come from never
lets the other fellow shove him off
the sidewalk. We've a right to be
in Berlin and we're going to stay
there. Period."
Warn Drivers
In U Terrace,
WillowVillage
University Terrace and Willow
Village residents were warned yes-
terday by University officials to
observe "strictly" the driving reg-
ulations in both areas.
The statement, which was
made to. help reduce the hazard
of injuries to children in the areas,
came in letters from Francis C.
Shiel, residence hall business
manager, to each resident of both
developments.
Children Endangered
"Children out of .doors are in
constant danger from automo-
bile traffic," Shiel commented.
He told Terrace residents to
observe the 15 m.p.h. speed limit
in the area and refrain from
parking over the curb or in places
other than the proper parking
spaces. The parking bays along
the loop and lanes on each side
of the roadway leading up to Ob-
servatory Street, are the proper
places to park.
Shiel asked Villagers to observe
traffic regulations adopted after
individual requests and a petition
signed by residents of the project.
Regulations
"Since we now have a number
of new residents and to serve as
a reminder to the old residents,
the regulations are:
"1. The speed limit is restricted
to 10 m.p.h.
'"2. Parking on the street is
not permitted. Tenants are asked

L' Ci d.Vll rr G111G .J

- I

MONKEY BUSINESS
Police Seal Simian's Doom
With_'Shooton Sight' Order

Ui

EUROPEAN RECOVERY:
T.S. 'Inconsistent 'in Free Enterprise
-0- - ~ ~ - - -

SEOUL, July 20-The South-
ern half of divided Korea today
chose its first president and
vice-president, and an Ameri-
can soldier was killed in an am-
bush near the Russian-occupied
other half.
* * *
PRAGUE, July 20-The Presi-
dent of Czechoslovakia,gKlement
Gottwald, told a delegation of
women today there will be no war.
No government, he said, would

By CRAIG WILSON
If a lonely little Rhesus monkey
wandering around Ann Arbor
should read this article he would
know that his death warrant has
been signed.
The furry little simian, who has
been leading city police a hectic
chase for several days now, will
be "shot on sight, as soon as we
see him!" That was the final word
from law enforcement officers.

key's newly-won freedom was not
to be kept without a struggle. Sev-
eral times over the weekend, fol-
lowing complaints from the local
citizenry, police surrounded trees
in which he was perched only to
have him transfer himself a-la-
Tarzan to another tree and a
more secure hiding place. And
there always seemed to be people
with nets running around after
him-or children throwing stones.

v

"We are not always consistent
with the free enterprise system--
that is the obstacle to restoring a

and import quotas established,"
he charged.
"Our military security program

3. International trade

shouldI

not be one-sided but have many'
sides.

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