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July 18, 1948 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1948-07-18

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see Page 41





Latest Deadline in the State


Battle Ends
In Holy City;
War Goes on
Arabs May Not
Obey UN Order
By The AssociatedPresg
CAIRO, July 17 - Fighting
stopped in Jerusalem today but
the war roared on elsewhere in
Count Folke Bernadotte headed
for the Holy Land with the belief
that the Arabs will accept the
United Nations cease-fire order
before the three-day time limit
expires Sunday. Israel accepted
thercease-fire yesterday provided
the Arabs agree.
But there is little expectation
here the Arabs will obey the UN
order. Many Arabs here believe
the Arab states will (1) continue
fighting, (2) wait to see whether
the Security Council will adopt
sanctions and (3) then decide
whether to impose counter-sanc-
tions, such as suspending oil de-
liveries to the United States Navy
and Western Europe.
Hesitate To Talk
Security council members al-
ready are reported studying pos-
sible steps to enforce the order if
the Arabs reject it. But delegates
and UN officials alike hesitated
to talk of what might happen if
the truce order is rejected.
Firirg stopped in Jerusalem
after a tumultuous night of fight-
ing. Guns thundered to the final
second before a 4 a.m. (9 p.m.
EST) deadline. The UN had given
the Arabs and Jews on Thursday
night 24 hours to end the fighting.
Before the artillery duel began,
Arab troops smashed through the
Jewish front in the Mea Shearim
quarter and blasted forward for
500 yards in the direction of mod-
ern Jerusalem's heart, American
correspondents with the Arab le-
gion reported.
Repeated Attacks
During the night, the Jews un-
leached repeated attacks against
the Damascus, Jaffagn Zion and
new gates to the old city. Arab
legion officers estimated 5,000
Jewish troops' were engaged. Le-
gion gunners returned the fire un-
til their guns smoked wtih heat.
The fighting was so close that.le-
gion officers climbed to the tops
of the walls and emptied their re-
volvers at charging Jews.
Automatic weapons hammered
unceasingly for 10 straight hours.
Behind them mortar shells thun-
dered and roared at one-second
intervals all night.
With the dawn came the cease
fire. For hours afterward not a
shot was heard.
Philly Readies
For Wallace
New Party To Hold
ConventionJuly 23
Philadelphia, still sweeping away
the debris of two national political
conventions rolled out the wel-
come mat today for the third and
last conclave of this presidential
year as the vanguard of Henry A.
Wallace's "New Party" began ar-
riving for next week's session.
Their convention will officially
get underway July 23 but party1
leaders already were setting up
headquarters in the Bellevue-

Stratford Hotel.
Platform meetings startnext
Wednesday, and are expected to
provide the center of interest since
there is no question about the
nomination of Wallace for Pres-
ident and Idaho's Senator Glen H.
Taylor for vice president. Dr. Rex-
ford Guy Tugwell, professor at the
University of Chicago and former
New Dealer, will head the plat-
form committee.
There has been considerable
speculation on how far the Wal-
laceites will go in a plank tender-
ing the olive branch to Russia.
Observers also were awaiting with
keen interest the party's stand on
the atomic bomb issue.
Feature of the convention will be
a rally at Shibe Park next Satur-
day at which Wallace and Taylor
will make their acceptance
Vets Pay Tribute
To Gen. Pershing
WASHINGTON. July 17-(1P)-

Dixiecrat Delegates Pick
Own Presidential Choice

Gov. Thurmond To Campaign in
Hopes To Capture 100 Electoral

15 States;

BIRMINGHAM, July 17-UP)--Rebel Southern Democrats today
named two Dixie governors to lead a fight to take the solid South
from Mr. Truman in November over racial issues.
Gov. J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina was selected for
President and Gov. Fielding L. Wright of Mississippi for Vice Pres-
Earlier they had announced the Southern ticket would make the
campaign in Missouri and 14 other states, including all of the usually
heavily Democratic deep South.
October Meeting
The resolution nominating the two men also called another meet-

GOP Leader.
Asks Black To
Prove Charges
Says Administration
Has Nothing to Hide
BATTCE CREEK, Mich., July 17
-(AP)-Attorney General Eugene F.
Black's intent to investigate the
Republican Party brought both
regrets and a challenge from the
GOP leadership today.
State Chairman John A. Wag-
ner said he was "very sorry in-
deed" and in the next breath de-
manded that Black "prove or dis-
prove" his charges in "justice"
to the party.
'Wrong' Impression
He asserted that his co-Repub-
lican had "somehow" acquired the
wrong impression and he offered
to go into court if Black desired.
Wagner said the GOP state cen-
tral committee which handles
party finances' had "nothing to
Wagner issued a formal state-
ment a day after Black, the so-
called bad boy of the GOP ad-
ministration, announced he would
investigate "an apparent conspir-
acy to violate the Corrupt Prac-
tices Act."
The Attorney General said he
was going to look into not alone
the GOP's money raising methods
but also the "use of money after-
wards and particularly the con-
cealment of sources."
In his reply Wagner said fur-
ther that it was "unfortunate"
that the question was raised at
this time of political developments
when the Republicans expect a
"grand" victory.
"Frankly," Wagner said, "I feel
that Mr. Black has somehow
gotten the wrong impression and
I believe that justice to the Re-
publican organization in Mich-
igan calls for immediate efforts on
the part of Mr. Black to prove
or disprove the rharges.
"It is unfortunate that the mat-
ter had to come up in a big
political year, the year when we
have every prospect of a grand
Republican victory and the elec-
tion of Governors Dewey and
Wagner said he had remained
silent at first on Black's state-
"However," he said, "continued
accusations against the party
which I feel is a reflection upon
the state central committee, of
which I am chairman, requires an
"We gladly welcome any inves-
tigation that Mr. Black might de-
sire to make. We will gladly throw
our books open to him at any time
and we would be pleased to testify
before any court giving all the
information that we can regard-
ing the receipts and disbursements
of our campaign funds."

ing of Southern revolters here Oct.
1. Unlike today's session, the Oc-
tober meeting would be limited to
delegates from each state number-
ing the same as their Presidential
In seconding the two nomina-
tions, Sen. Eastland (Dem., Miss.),
made the forecast that "the race
next November is between Gov.
Thurmond and Gov. Thomas E.
"Truman willhnot get a single
electoral vote," he shouted.
By Acclamation
Nomination of both candidates
was by acclamation.
As the meeting proceeded, both
the principal speakers and the
resolutions committee's "declara-
tion of principles" stressed resent-
ment in this section over racial
measures advocated by the Pres-
Rtebellious factions were an-
nounced they would challenge the
Truman - Barkley ticket in 15
states including Missouri, home of
the President. They hoped to deny
him more than 100 electoral votes
from states which normally are
the most heavily Democratic in
the Nation.
"We stand for segregation of
the races and the racial integrity
of each race," the committee re-
ported. It also approved "the con-
stitutional right to choose one's
associates; to accept private em-
ployment without government in-
terference, and to earn one's living
in any lawful way."
State Voters
Face Potential
Puzzle in Fall
DETROIT, July 17-(A')-Vot-
ers could look forward today to a
red-hot political slugfest in
in Michigan before thenational
election battle later this year.
Deadline for filing state nomi-
nating petitions is 4 p.m. (EST)
Tuesday. There could be some
last-minute surprise entries be-
tween now and then.
While the Democratic fight is
just as important to the contes-
tant as the one on the other side
of the fence, the Republican battle
looked from a distance as though
it weuld provide the most inter-
In one corner is Kim Sigler, the
colorful ex-cowboy, who stormed
to public attention as a grand jury
prosecutor. He won the 1946 nom-
ination in the field of four and
went on to take the governor's
chair by one of the greatest off-
year margins ever given a candi-
date in Michigan.
In the other corner is W. Mc-
Kay Skillman, a big, easy-going
Detroit recorder's judge with a lot
of political know-how. He got
more votes than anyone else in
Detroit's last judicial election. He
knows something about grand
juries, too, having run one for the
last several months to look into
auto sales practices.

PICKETS STOP EMPLOYEE'S AUTOMOBILE-Police scuffle with pickets as strikers try to prevent
an automobile loaded with employees from entering the national motor castings division of Camp-

bell Wyant and Cannon Foundry Co. plant at South Haven, Mich.
the lines with assistance of policemen.

Two automobiles got through

U. S.Officials Fear
Berlin Crisis May
Cause New War
Deadly jincideLt ii Allied Corridor
Termed Potential Threat to Peace
By The Associated Press
High United States officials expressed belief last (Saturday) night
that Russia is pressing the Berlin crisis dangerously close to war.
These officials now rate high the possibility of one or more
deadly incidents in the air corridors through which American and
British planes are ferrying supplies to Berlin. The Russians have
announced they will make extensive training flights across these
Many American officials in Washington feel that hot-heads
in the all-powerful Russian politburo have gained the upper hand
over the more cautious members.
Yesterday was the day the Russians said they would have a
number of planes maneuvering in the American and British air
corridors. But U.S. pilots reported '
seeing very few Soviet planes. Bad
weather prevailed. One explana- Ford Workers
tion of the absence of Russian o d ~ o k r
planes was that Soviet pilots do Take National
not like to fly by instruments.
In Berlin, Maj. Gen. William
Donovan said if the Russians want W al1out
war it is better to find it out
"here and now." Donovan said the
only solution for the present im- M .orityfor Strike
passe was for the Western powers
to apply economic and other sanc- Predicted by Union
tions against the Soviet Union
throughout the world. DETROIT, July 17-M)-The
He suggested that the Western 116,000 Ford Motor Co. produc-
Allies might forbid Russian vessels tion workers across the nation are
to use the Panama and Suez can- taking a strike vote this week-
als and the Kiel canal in Ger- end.
many. 'U
Donovan, wartime head of the Uon sokesmen predcte hya rg
office of strategic services, is visit- would favor the walkout by a large
ing Germany in a private capa- majority.
city. The 100-man Ford council of
41e., I~f .4--nAuAu4-o wo.^r~r va-

Hershey Returned to Old Job
As Head of Selective Service
WASHINGTON, July 17_A)-_ another step toward national pre-
Major Gen. Lewis B. Hershey got paredness as unrest in Europe
his old job back today. continued.
He's director of Selective Service The task of assembling man-
again. power is one with which Hershey
Hershey's formal re-appoint- is highly familiar.

ment by President Truman was
CIO Issues New
Cong resswnai
Voting Record
WASHINGTON, July 17-P)--
The CIO today published a "voting
Guide" on the 80th Congress and
urged heavy balloting in Novem-
ber to elect a set of lawmakers
"responsive to the needs of the
The labor organization, claim-
ing more than 6,000,000 members,
summed up a -bitter denunciation
of Congress' record with almost
the some words used by President
Truman on his recent western
(It is) the record of one of the
worst organizations in -,hi-; na-
tion's history."
Voting Records
The "guide" consisted of the
voting record of senators and rep-
resentatives on 16 key issues in
the House and Senate.
Five Democratic senators -
Barkley of Kentucky, the Demo-
cratic Vice Presidential nominee;
Murray of Montana, O'Mahoney
of Wyoming and Green and Mc-
Grath of Rhode Island--all had
100 per cent "right" voting scores
in the CIO list.
Three Senators had completely
"wrong" records as far as the
CIO saw their votes on the 16 is-
sues. They were O'Daniel (Dem.,
Tex.), Butler (Rep., Neb.), and
Williams (Rep., Del.).
In the House 30 members, all
Democrats, voted* consistently
"right"; Reps. Douglas, Haven-
ner, King and Miller of California;
Carroll of Colorado; Dawson.
Gordon, Gorsky, Price and Sabath
of Illinois; Madden of Indiana;
Kennedy of Massachusetts;
Dingell and Lesinski of Michigan;
Karsten of Missouri; Norton of
New Jersey; Celler, Delaney,
Heffernan, Klein, Lynch and Mul-
ter of New York; Crosser, Huber
and Feighan of Ohio; Fogerty
and Foran of Rhode Island; Eber-
harter and Morgan of Pennsyl-
vania, and Kee of West Virginia.
Taft-Hartley Act
The issues used to measure the
voting of Congress members in-
cluded: the Taft-Hartley Labor
Act, anti - inflation measures,
housing, rent control, taxes, Eu-
ropeanpaid, fund cuts for the la-
bor department reciprocal trade,
and social security.
"The 80th Congress made beau-
tiful music for the rich, the privi-
leged, the powerful," the CIO's
"guide" said. "The people who had
stayed away from the polls in 1946
-were the losers."
The labor organization cau-
tioned that its "guide" should not
be regarded as a "black list" or
"purge list" but as an aid to vot-
ers to decide for themselves if
legislators "deserve another term
in office."

Set Stuff UP
He first was appointed director
of Selective Service in 1941 and
was responsible for setting up the
organization under which 10,000,-
000 men eventually were supplied
to the armed forces, and under
which some 36,000 000 men were
registered and classified for mili-
tary service.
This time Hershey's prime job
is the registration of youths 18
through 25 under the new peace-
time draft act.
An executive order dealing with
registration will be issued by Pres-
ident Truman next week, the
White House announced.
The order in which various age
groups will be called among those
eligible for service under the draft
has not yet been disclosed.
Registration of males from 18
through 25 is expected to begin
about Aug. 16.
Only those between the ages of
19 and 25 will be subject to the
draft. Meanwhile 161,000 of 'the
18-year old group can volunteer
for a special one-year term of
duty in the armed forces.
The Army, Navy and Air Force
will begin accepting enlistments
from 18 year olds beginning next
Wednesday, July 21.
During the four weeks beginning
next Wednesday, the Army will
take in about 10,000 volunteers;
the Navy, including the Marines,
about 3,000, and the Air Force
The 18=year-olds will spend
their one year hitch within the
continental limits of the United
After they get out they must
<pend an extended period in the
Officer Training
This can involve either four
years in an organized unit with
regular drill and training periods,
six years in an active unit or par-
ticipation in an officer training
If assigned to an inactive re-,
serve unit, the youth will be liable
to recall to active duty for not
more than one month in any year,
except in case of an emergency
declared by Congress.
Although draft registration is
scheduled for mid-August, actual'
induction of men into the Armed
Forces cannot begin before Sept.
22. This was specified by Congress.
The services meanwhile are pre-
paring various campsites and
training areas for the men, and
Selective Service is completing the
organization of about 4,000 draft
boards to handle the new peace-
time job.

Steel Industry
Falls into Lie
On Pay_Hikes
Bethlehem Grants
13-Cent Pay Boost
PITTSBURGH, July 17-(P)-
The line formed to the right today
as basic steel companies fell in
behind U. S. Steel Corporation inj
hiking wages-with the promise
of higher prices to come.
Bethlehem Steel Corporation
today granted a 13-cent hourly
increase to its 80,000 workers
throughout the nation. The new
agreement, jointly announced by
the company and the CIO-United
Steelworkers, raised hourly rates
from 91/2 cents to 25 cents an hour.
The increase was retroactive to
Get Pay Boost
More than 350.000 workers in
the steel industry have received
wage boosts in the last two days,
Some 90,000 'mployes are expect-
ed to be covered when negotia-
tions are completed with the basic
steel and fabricating industry.
U. S. Steel yesterday gave up
its avowed fight to curb inflation-
ary tendencies and granted 13-
cent hourly increases to 170,000
CIO-United Steelworker members
in its six subsidiaries.
Similar Raises
The company said its 10,000 sal-
aried workers would receive simi-
lar increases.
First to join the swing to fatter
paychecks was Weirton Steel Cor-
poration at Weirton, W.Va. which
granted increases of 10 cents to 25
cents or an average 14 cents hour-
ly to 10,000 members of its inde-
pendent union. The company
gave comparable increases to its
salaried workers.
May Match Increase
Republic Steel Co'poration will
meet with union negotiations in
Cleveland Monday. The company
has said it is prepared to match
the U. S. Steel boosts.
Jones & Laughlin Steel Corpo-
ration, the nation's fourth largest
producer will meet with the CIO
United Steelworkers in Pitts-
burgh Tuesday At the same time
discussion will get under way with
the Youngstown Sheet & Tube
Co. in the Ohio City.
Let Tenm Drink Beer
DETROIT, July 17 -- () - If
children in a section west of De-
troit have taken to drinking beer,
don't blame them. Blame the
water department.
That was the complaint, at any
rate, of an angry housewife who
charged that water pressure in the
area is so low young children
"have to drink beer because
there's no water."


The Russians turned another
screw on isolated Berlin. Three
of four American vehicles trav-
elling from Berlin toward the
Western Zones were turned back
by Russian guards. The guards
said a Soviet visa was needed to
leave Berlin by automobile,
Guards said the one American
who was passed "just talked his
way through.'".
As East-West tension rose over
Berlin, the United States bul-
warked its air power in Europe.
Superfortresses flying with loaded
guns roared into three British air
fields. It was the greatest show of
U.S. air might in Europe since the
end of the war.,
The giant planes, 60, in all, offi-
cially are on a routine taining
exercise. Lt. Gen. Curtis E. Lemay,
commander of the U.S. Air Force
in Europe, said they will engage in
simulated bombing nissions while
in Britain.
9 9
Italian Police
Fight Rebels
ROME, July 17-(/P)-Italian
soldiers and police in armored cars
closed in tonight on 3,000 Com-
munist-led insurgents who took to
the hills after terrorizing a village
near Florence.
Troops from Florence and Siena
were rushed to Abbadia San Sal-
vatore last night after nearly half
the town's population rose up in
violence. They attacked the tele-
phone station, spread terror
through the streets and shot a po-
liceman to death.
Police barricaded all roads lead-
ing to the town, seized a quantity
of armis and arrested 16 persons.
Most of the terrorists, however,
fled into the thickly-wooded slopes
of nearby Mount Amiata. A num-
ber of women were reported to be
in the group.
One Rome newspaper reported
that troops had made their first
contact with the terrorists this af-
ternoon and that new violence had
broken out. There was no official
confirmation of this report.

the CIO United Auto Workers al-
ready has authorized a strike after
weeks of deadlock over wages and
other contract issues.
Meets Monday
The UAW-CIO's international
executive board, meeting in Ike-.
troit Monday, also will be asked
to approve the walkout.
Approval by both the rank and
file and the board would set the
stage for a shutdown of Ford's
46 plants, perhaps as early as next
week. No date has been set, but
the UAW-CIO has threatened a
strike in the near future unless a
settlement is reached.
The gate was not entirely closed
against a last minute compromise,
such as averted a walkout a few
hours before the 1947 deadline.
Both sides said they are willing to
resume negotiations. But neither
wanted to make the first move ,in
that direction.
Ford Offer
Ford has offered to add 13
cents to the current average pro-
duction wage of about $1.52 an
hour. It also promised other con-
tract improvements. The UAW-
CIO wants a 14 cent an hour
boost, plus social security grants
that bring the total to about 21.
Federal mediators were, stand-
ing by to lend a hand if called
upon. However, President Henry
Ford II for the company declined
their aid for the present. He said
he wanted to try to iron out the
dispute without outside interven-
Political Rally
y Be Held
University Approval
Sought forMeeting
Final arrangements for a large-
scale political rally of all candi-
dates for Congress from the see=
ond Congressional District may
reach final approval tomorrow.
The meeting, which is expected
to bring together rep. Earl C'.
Michener, Republican incumbent,
Prof. Preston W. Slosson and
Redmond Burr, both Democrats,
with George Meader, Henry
Barnes, and Phillip Kelley, Re-
publican contenders, is expected
to be held sometime before the
coming weekend, according to
Thomas C. Walsh, leader of the
Slosson movement, who initiated
the rally plans.
Walsh, Jack Warren, chairman
of the Young Republicans and
Bob Collins, chairman of the
Young Democrats, will confer
with Dean Walter B. Rea, who is
, - --'. n nnni r-aI-har *hn

Thomas To Seek Presidency
For Sixth Time Since 1928

Wilcox To Continue 'U' Summer Talks

(Daily Correspondent)
PHILADELPHIA - There's one
reporter covering the national
conventions this year who won't
vote for any of the major parties
-not even the Dixiecrats.
He's convinced that he's the best
man for Truman's job.
This is nothing new for him,
though. He has been running for
President for 20 years.
This is the sixth national cam-

the ideals of the Socialist Party,"
he said.
Thomas believes the liberal
splinter of the fractured Demo-
cratic Party can become the nu-
cleus of support for a growing So-
cialist Party.
The veteran campaigner had
nothing but scorn for the stop-
Truman push. "A well-organized
drive of liberals could have stalled
Truman easily," he asserts.
Thomas is looking forward to
the New Party convention. He


Dr. Clair Wilcox, Swarthmore
College professor of ecenomics,
will speak twice this coming week
on "Reconstruction and World
Trade," continuing the Universkty
Summer Lecture series on "The
Economic Reconstruction of Eu-
"American Trade Policy," will
be the topic of his first address, at

world economics was the result of
his work as director of the Office
of International Trade policy in
1945 and his associates with As-
sistant Secretary of State, Wil-
liam F. Clayton. Together, they
formulated the "Proposals for Ex-
pansion of World Trade and Em-
ployment," which was the foun-
(3 ot nn ofterenlnoroed


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