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June 30, 1948 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1948-06-30

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1

THlE ACCUSER
ACCUSED
See Page 2

L

,ir n

ti

SHOWERS
COOL, CLOUDY,

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 174 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, JUNE 30, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Fukui Quake
*Kills 3,155,
7,520_Hurt
Light Settling Shocks
Follow Main Blow
FUKUI, Japan, June 30-()-
The estimated toll in Fukui's
earthquakeUdisaster was placed
today by U.S. Military Govern-
ment officials at 3,155 dead and
7,520 seriously injured.
That included both this ruined
silk-making city of 80,000 and
the rest of Fukui Prefecture which
was ravaged by Monday's great
earth shock. Settling shocks
struck Tuesday, but they were
light
Relief workers, both American
and Japanese, were working
through the smoking ruins of
Fukui looking for more victims.
No Epidemic
(General MacArthur's head-
quarters in Tokyo said the possi-
bility of a serious epidemic was
"practically nil" thanks to prompt
" medical measures on the spot. A
relief train carrying medicines
and vaccines was en route from
Tokyo.)
If the casualty figures are con-
e ,firfned it will be Japan's worst
?ost-war disaster. A quake late in
1946 killed 1,354 in the Osaka
', rea.
Razed Americans, all of whom
came through safely, told how the
earth heaved and tossed like the
deck of a ship at sea for five min-
utes. Their homes crashed about
them as they fled.
The fires came then with such
speed that few could save any-
thing but the clothes they wore.
Many felt they were lucky to be
alive for the roads to safety were
choked with debris.
Americans Safe '
Some of them were scratched
and bruised but of the small
American colony of 200 or so in
Fukui there was not a serious in-
jury.
In the wreckage of one movie
theater alone rescue workers
*t: found the bodies of 200 children.
Beyond the estimates, this Wes-
tern Japanese city was not sure
how many had died in the wilder-
- ess of broken houses and biuld-
ings, many charred by the flames
that came with the shocks.
(Kyodo News Agency and Jap-
anese prefectural authorities re-
ported to Tkyothe same casualty
figures released by the Military
Government.
(Maj. Gen. Joseph W. Swing'
who inspected the disaster area,
said in Kyoto, however, he doubt-
ed if the total dead would exceed
t 300.)
Positions Open
For Tryouts
On Daily Staff
The I~aily is looking for tryouts.
Opportunities to "learn by do-
ing" all phases of the operation of
a daily newspaper await students
on campus who are interested. No
experience is required.
The news staff, -the sports and
women's departments and the
business staff have immediate
openings.
On the editorial staff, tryouts
will have an opportunity imme-
diately to begin writing news ar-
t 1

The Daily is published Wed-
nesday through Sunday during
the summer session.
4 ticles, feature items and submit
articles for The Daily's editorial
page.
Sports staff tryouts will gain
experience by covering local sports,
events, I-M tournaments, and will
also edit Associated Press sports
news.
Women's staff will handle the
functions of the League Council,
women's sports events and dances.
Any student interested in writing
columns directed at the married
population on campus is especial-
ly needed.
On the business staff, tryouts
will handle layout design, copy
reading, sales'manship, accounting
and general office work.
sbus- w-eopfiRFRGRFGtaointao
A meeting of all student inter-
ested in becoming a tryout will
be held at 3 p.m. today, in the
Conference Room, Student Pub-
lications Building. Students un-
able to attend the meeting should

'Bright S pot' i Europe
Is Lack of Debt--AngeII
Lend-Lease Programs Removed Millstone
Of Inter-Allied Monetary Payments to U.S.
The Lend-Lease and Reverse Lend-Lease programs during World
War II are the only "bright spots" in the present European economic
situation, according to Dr. James W. Angell, Columbia University pro-
fessor of economics.
"Unlike the situation following World War I, there was no mill-
stone of Inter-Allied debts left owing to the United States when this
war ended," Dr. Angell commented.
He spoke on "The Economic Impact of the War," the second lec-
ture of the University summer series on "The Economic Recovery of
Europe."
Cause of Victory
Our courageous and skillfully executed Lend-Lease programs were
-set upon the principle that the

Yugoslavs

Attack

Russian

Lie'

*

*

*

*

*

*

U' Enrollment
Reacees-h9,685
Latest summer session enroll-
ment figures now totai 9,685, Reg-
istrar Ira M. Smith announced
yesterday.
The total represents a decline
of 616 students under last
summer's total of 10,301 at the
beginning of the second week of
classes. The enrollment total is
still incomplete since final re-
ports have not yet been received
from all five of the summer
camps.
Enrollment is made up of 7,036
men and 2,649 women, Smith re-
ported. Veteran enrollment is up
to 5,511 with 5,362 of them men,
149 women.
The graduate school heads the
list, as was expected, with 3,074;
2,089 men and 985 women. Second
is the literary college with 1,845,
made up of 1,286 men and 559
women; and third is the engineer-
ing college with 1,327 men and
nine women.
Enrollment in the other schools,
colleges and divisions is as fol-
lows: Law, 493; businesssadminis-
tration, 479; music, 408; architec-
ture and design, 214; postgrad-
uate medicine, 155; nursing, 155;
Medical School, 130; education,
127; public health, 98; pharmacy,
87; dentistry, 55; hospital train-
ing, 36; and forestry and conser-
vation, 26.
World News
At aGl ance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 29 -
President Truman today signed
legislation extending for five
years 'the period during which
members of the armedservices
and veterans of World War IImay
continue to carry National Ser-
vice Life Insurance on level term
rates.
. . .
ATHENS, June 29-A press
dispatch said tonight two guer-
illa brigades have served one of
the Greek Army's main supply
links. American construction
men working on the road were
forced to flee.
* * *
WASHINGTON, June 29-The
government tonight announced a
mail subsidy on relief packages
for much of Europe and China
to encourage private contributions
to the recovery task.
* * *
WASHINGTON, June 29 - A
unit of the United Mine Workers
of America was charged today
with blocking 445 miners under-
ground in West Virginia to com-
pel them to join the union.

foods and services used in winning
the war were a common contribu-
tion to the great common cause of
victory, Dr. Angell stated.
"Despite the courage and tenac-
ity of the Europeans in rebuilding
the Continent in the past three
years the rest of the picture is dis-
heartening," he commented.
Millions of lives were lost; war
damages were well over 75 bil-
lions; most of Europe's income
sources from abroad were used up;
the germs of inflation were sown;
and the German industrial ma-
chine, Europe's cornerstone, was
wrecked."'
Key Areas
Dr. Angell pointed out that the
key areas of the European Econ-
omy, transportation, agriculture,
buildings, industrial capacity and
the financial position give the
"true picture" of the European
situation.
"By far the most serious in
terms of operation, was the dam-
age done to transportation; how-
ever agriculture has been badly
disorganized due to the lack of
imported fertilizer and livestock
feeds and the transportation sit-
uation," he said.
"The shrinkage of Europe's net
foreign assets was more than 25
billions-resulting in a disastrous
reduction in the income from
abroad and a heavy liability for
future international payments, he
commented.
Building Damage
Of lesser consequence, accord-
ing to Dr. Angell, was the spectac-
ular and conspicious damage to
buildings.
"A surprising proportion of the
real capital investment in a mod-
ern city is underground in the
form of water mains, gas and
electric conduits. These installa-
tions were not damaged beyond
the possibility of fairly quick re-
pair," he explained.
Dr. Angell will discuss the major
problems of European readjust-
ment, at 4:10 p.m., tomorrow, in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
AVC To Alter
'BasicPolicy
Group Decision Will
Replace Rigid Rules
Leaders of the American Vet-
erans Committee, meeting last
night in executive session, deter-
mined upon a radical change in
organizational policy, including
abandonment of parliamentary
procedure for summer meetings
and substitution of group discus-
sion.
Stress this summer is to be on
building the AVC into a brother-
hood of veterans, it was decided
by the group, which included Ed
Tumin, Andy Warhola, Ed Bo-
vard, Jack Geist, Lew Berman,
Bill Young, Neil Lander, and Walt
Hoffman.

Democratic
Party Backs
'U' Professor
Rep. Michiener, Local Y
Candidates To Run
Dr. Preston W. Slosson, Univer-
sity history professor, has an-
nounced his candidacy for Con-
gress from the Second Michigan
District on the Democratic ticket.
He will contest in the fall pri-
maries against Redmond M. Burr,
Ann Arbor union business agent. >
Prof. Slosson has the backing of
the Washtenaw County Demo-
cratic Club.
The House seat is now held by
Republican Rep. Earl C. Michener
of Adrian. This is Rep. Michener's
13th term ingCongress.for th:.nF<
In electing to run for the na-., ;.:
tional office, Prof. Slosson ex-
pressed his dissatisfaction with SUP]
the record of the 80th Congress. unlo
"It was a Congress," Prof. are f
Slosson said, "of black, blind Fran
bigoted reaction, so bad that the west
Republicans dared not nomi-
nate anyone connected with it." R
He attacked it for attempting BER
to slash funds for the Euro-
pean Recovery Program, for its
failure to pass a meaningful bill
which would allow a substantial
number of deserving displaced F
persons to enter the United
States and for its failure to pass
a civil rights measure. BER
Prof. Slosson also assailed the Marsh
80th Congress for its blunderings held o
over the Mundt-Nixon Bill to con- Soviet
trol Communist activity in the may b
United States. food ri
The history professor decried Th1
what he termed 'the foolish activ- The
iies of the Thomas Committee on ing to
Un-American Activities." lift te
Regarded as an authority on in-
ternational affairs and a well- QTU
known radio commentator, Prof. 1
Slosson said he will press for sup-
port of the United Nations, but R
will work for elimination of the - "
veto.
His program also includes sup-
port of the Marshall Plan, renewal
of the Reciprocal Trade Agree- Fo
ment and American acceptance of
her "fair share" of displaced per- Presi
sons. ven an
Domestically, Prof. Slosson approv
called for abolition of the Taft- to cove
BHartley Law, support of Pres- for th
ident Truman's civil liberties The
program, a widespread govern- budget
ment home-building program, 990,955
and stringent government con- Dr. Ru
trols to combat spiraling prices. The
He said he was ready to take ceived
leave from the classroom if elect- over l
ed "to apply a lifetime's study of the to
international and domestic prob- Ruthv
lems if the people of the district
, versity
want me in Washington." any St
"I will fight to make the aver- operate
age citizen realize that he faces Appi
an extremely critical decision the U
when he elects a man to Congress. will be
If the Congress continues to hedge L
and grows more shortsighted in Legisla
international affairs, his very life maind
may well be endangered," he said. met by
President Alexander G. Ruth- $6,430,
ven of the University comment- trust
ed that he would "like to see sources
more faculty men running for $12,6
public office. bulget
Prof. Slosson received his B.S., wages,
A.M. and Ph.D. degrees from Co- mainin
lumbia University, where he was operati

a teaching assistant from 1913 to includi
1917. During 1917-1918 he served books,
with the Department of State and service
later worked with President
Woodrow Wilson in drafting the DIA
treaty of Versailles. L
He has been teaching at the
University since 1921 and is the
author of several books. Among
these are "The Decline of the
Chartist Movement" and "The
Great Crusade and After." He also
has contributed to various period-
icals and reviews.
Four men are seeking the nom- PHI]
ination from the Second District plenty
under Republican auspices. In ad- GOP
dition to the incumbent, Rep. televis
Michener, Republican aspirants Still
are George Meader and Henry C. faceda
Barnes, Jr., both of Ann Arbor all ind

Will

Run

PLIES FOR BLOCKADED BERLIN ARRIVE BY AIR-U.S. Air Force C-47 cargo planes are
aded at the Tempelhof airport in Berlin (June 28) as supplies for the Soviet-blockaded city
lown in by fleet of 120 planes. The U.S. Air Force was running the shuttle service between
kfurt and Berlin to take care of the most urgent needs of the 2,000,000 persons in the three

for

Congress

tern zones.
* * * * 4t
LIN CRISS:
ol oovsky Holds Out Hope
or Lif ting Russian Blockade

LAN, June 29-(P)--Soviet
al Vassily D. Sokolovsky
ut hope tonight that the
land blockade of Berlin
e lifted before the city's
uns out.
Russian comnander, reply-
a British demand that he
blockade or take the blame
Approves
uiord B tid "et
16,695,755 Set
r Year's Operation'
dent Alexander G. Ruth-
nounced Board of Regents
al of a $16,695,755 budget
r University operating costs
e coming fiscal year.
University's operating
shows an increase of $1,-
over the 1947-48 budget,
.thven said.
University Hospital also re-
a budget boost of $594,091
ast year's budget bringing
tal up to $5,341,207. Dr.
en said that since the Uni-
Hospital does not receive
ate appropriations, it must
e on a self-supporting basis.
roximately 60 per cent of
niversity's 1948-49 budget
met by a $9,750,000 State
ture appropriation. The re-
er of operating costs will be
student fees amounting to
500, and $142,355 from
fund income and other
s.
76,616 of the operating
will go for salaries and
Dr. Ruthven said. The re-
.g $4,019,139 is for other
ng and maintenance costs,
ng materials, supplies,
equipment, miscellaneous
s and other expenses.

for starving the German residentsf
of the American, British and
French sectors of Berlin, said he
learned the city had food on hand
to last for "several weeks."
"I hope that in this time we
can have the trains running as7
usual," he said in la etter to the;
British commander-, Gen. Sir Bri-,
an Robertson. The letter was
made public by the Soviet licensed
news agency ADN.
Russians on Lookout,
Sokolovsky intimated at the;
same time, however, that the Rus-
sians are sharply on the lookout
for any violations of the air cor-
ridors in the great British-Ameri-
can effort to feed the city with
sky-borne supplies.-
He also served notice that the'
highway to Berlin from the West
would remain closed indefinitely
"to stop the illegal importation of
currency from the Western zones
to Berlin."
The Russian commander ex-
pressed regret at Berlin's situa-
tion, ADN said, but argued that
the Soviet clamp on communica-
tions was imposed to protect the,
Russian zone's economy in the
wake of currency reform in the
Western zones of Germany.
Sokolovsky said he "fully appre-
ciated the energetic measures tak-
en by the British and Americans
to keep up the connection with
the Western zones by air."
R1epair Damage
Russian engineers are taking
steps to repair the "technical
damage" to the Helmstedt-Berlin
Railroad Line, the only rail link
supplying the city from Western
Germany, Sokolovsky said. When
the Russians closed down this
link, they said it was necessary
because of such damage.
(At Lake Success, N.Y., Trygve
Lie, Secretary-General of the UN,
decided against UN action in the
Berlin crisis at this time).

City Shows
More Action
Meetings Planned
By Organizations
Political activity in Ann Arbor
is mounting in intensity.
On the campus, the Young
Democrats student club has
announced it will hold its first
organizational meeting of thel
summer at 8 p.n. Thursday in1
Rm, 302 of the Union.
Bob Collins, summer chairman,
said summer activities will include
a comparative study of the dif-
ferent party platforms. And other
officers for the session will be
elected. The public is invited.
At the same time, the Wallace
Progressives will hold their first
open meeting of the session at
7:30 p.m. Thursday in the Union.
Student Group Position
The relationship between the
student group and the county and
state organizations will be ex-
plained at that time. Plans also
are underway for a party and pic-
nic.
In the city, the Democrats for
Douglas yesterday sent out a
"Fourteen Points for Democratic
Victory" brochure to all Demo-
cratic delegatesuand delegates-at-
large to the Democratic National
Convention to be held in Phila-
delphia next week.
The brochure laid down what it
termed "conclusive proof that
William O Douglas is the best
and perhaps the only hope of the
party and nation."
It pointed out the importance
of the independent vote and at-
tempted to show that only Justice
Douglas can bring these votes
back to the Democratic Party.
The pamphlet stated that Just-
ice Douglas would carry on the
program of the late President
Franklin Roosevelt, and warned
that "for the first time in 16
years the Democratic Party faces
the possibility of defeat in a pres-
idential election."

Slavs Decry
Commiinform
Tito Attack
Ask Soviet Relations
Based on 'Confidence'
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, June
29-(P)--In angry defiance, Yugo-
slavia's Communist Party accused
the Russian-led Cominform to-
night of lies and slander. It de-
clared firmly its relations with
Russia "must be based on confi-
dence and not on spying."
This in general was its 10,000-
word answer to the Cominform's
condemnation of Premier-Marshal
Tito's regime and its call upon
"loyal" Yugoslav Communists to
overthrow the country's leaders
unless they mend their "national-
istic ways."
With language unprecedentedly
harsh for exchanges between
Communist comrade countries, the
Yugoslav Party denounced as ab-
surd a long list of Cominform
charges, ranging from hostility
toward Russia to attempts to
curry favor with Western nations.
Serious Slanders
"Among the most serious slan-
ders against Yugoslavia," the
statement said, was a charge of
dealings with powers outside of
the Soviet bloc.
"Assertions that Yugoslav lead-
ers are preparing to make conces-
sions to imperialists-and now
bargain with them on the inde-
pendence of Yugoslavia-are com-
pletely fabricated," it said.
The sharply-worded Yugoslav
answer was tempered only by a
declaration that "direct contact"
between the Bolshevik Party of
Russia and Yugoslav party organ-
ization is necessary to iron, out
differences.
Way for Solution'
"Only in such a way will there
be a solution, 'the statement said.
"The central committee of the
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
needs the help of lussia, it add-
ed.
But this apparent willingness to
conciliate the differences was ad-
vanced without a sign of knuck-
ling under to Russia's pressure.
One by one, the statement
denied the Cominform's accusa-
tions that Yugoslavia has strayed
from the party of Marxism axid
from close cooperation with the
Communist countries into the
errors of nationalism.
Russian Accusations
It claimed, moreover, that those
accusations were laid down with-
out Yugoslav Communists being
given a chance to defend them-
selves.
(American diplomatic sources
in Rome. suggested that Russia
may be "buillding up a case to
send troops into Yugoslavia" by
attacking Tito. Said one inform
ant: "Soviet troops might be sent
in with the excuse of bringing
about public order."
Play Series
To Open With
PoliticalSatire
The speech department's annual
summer play bill is due to get off
next Saturday with a timely slap
at. national politics in "Of Thee I'
Sing," the Kaufman - Ryskind'
Pulitzer Prize musical.
Acclaimed by critics as the one
really successful musical satire,
"Of Thee I Sing" is considered to
owe a great deal of its effectiveness

to the quality of the music and
lyrics which were supplied by
George and Ira Gershwin. The
music has been said to "tell the
story more effectively than the
play's book," while Ira Gershwin's
lines have been called a "master-
ful job."
Kaufman and Ryskind first con-
ceived the idea of writing a musi-
cal piece that would lampoon
American nolitics early in 1929.

WIRED ELEANOR:
Malone Began Radio Career
At End of SophomoreYear,
______________<>

By KEN LOWE
Ted Malone, the globe-trotting
radio reporter and poet who ap-
peared on campus this week, got
his start in radio while he was still
in college.
"I began to write for radio be-
fore the end of my sophomore
year," Malone told a Daily report-
er. I also sold advertising time
and pretty soon I was making
more money that the president of
the college."
Malone studied at William
__ _ . ~_~ ___ ._ - . .. - --ex

was to bring poetry to millions of
radio listeners became interested
in verse.
"Poetry was usually nothing but
an assignment and punishment for
me in.high school and even in col-
lege," Malone said. It was not un-
til he was called on to fill in a 15-
minute broadcast by reading poe-
try that he came to appreciate it.
The poet of the airways became
fascinated by the sound of poetry
read aloud. "Poetry is not poetry
until it is read aloud." he said.

ELY'S BACKWARD GLA NCES:
r o
TeleVs10 Ove10 sdTs

c"

By JOHN CAMPBELL
Daily Correspondent
(Special to The Daily)
LADELPHIA - There were
of broken hearts at~ the
National Conventian, but
Lon, at least, got a lift.
in its infancy, television
a serious test last week. Now
ications noint to a nassing

strations, and state caucuses to be'
covered.
Getting a unified picture of all
this was not easy. In many cases,
events were televised and the films
held until they could be organized
into a continuous, representative
program. Thus television crews
were able to get films of early

for plenty of quick-thinking by the
announcer who had to make each
switch seem plausible to his au-
dience. Unfortunately at least one
announcer had poor eyesight and
was often unable to tell just what
was happening among the state
delegations caught by the camera
-and his listeners are still won-
diOrin_

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