THE MICHIGAN DAILY.
SUNDAY- AUGUST -8 1948
Note of Optimism
'yeti ,rw ' "+t ,
THERE IS A NOTE of optimism in the air.
The Four-Powers are meeting once
again at the conference table. And that's a
good sign. International politics have been
lifted out of the petty realm of sniping by
newspapers, sly charges and counter charges
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: IVAN KELLEY
. IMF- 1
THE CURRENT SPY investigations in
Washington reaffirm our belief that the
members of the House Un-American Activ-
have their names coupled with Alfred
ities Committee have secret yearnings to
We can see it now on all the theatre
marquees in every little town in the nation-
"J. Parnell Thomas and the House Un-
American Activities Committee Present
Elizabeth Bentley-Counterspy.' " Credits
would run according to the old formula-
Written by J. Parnell Thomas and the House
Un-American Activities Committee, pro-
duced by J. Parnell Thomas and the House
Un-American Activities Committee, directed
by J. Parnell Thomas and the House Un-
American Activities Committee. Special ef-
fects by Representative Mundt. And star of
the whole shebang would be J. PARNELL
THOMAS. Feminine interest supplied by the
blonde spy, Elizabeth Bentley. Rewritten
from a story suggestion by the FBI.
The story suggestion by the FBI seems
to be something that the FBI dismissed as
a dead end for a super deluxe thriller.
The special grand jury which heard Miss
Bentley's confession met 18 months ago.
That there was no indictment following
her testimony may have been accounted
for by her reassumption of the role of a
Communist Party member in order to do
the counterspy work. Yet, after two years
of surveillance by the FBI, there was no
evidence obtained which corroborated her
It would be out of the world of moviedom
ethics to even presume that the FBI had
everything nailed down on the Bentley case
and gave it to the House Un-American Activ-
ities Committee productions for as little
credit as the thriller indicates. Miss Bentley
seems to have had information about the
date of D-Day, she claims to have knowledge
about the United States cracking the Rus-
sian code and some information on B-29's.
She also was in possession of a secret recipe
for making synthetic rubber out of garbage;
she knew that parachutists were to land in
Yugoslaviandd"that General Donovan, head
of the OSS had contacted the Russian
Most of this testimony seems to be very
vague and probably the FBI is not very well
versed in the Hitchcock touch. The House
Un-American Activities has been investigat-
ing Hitchcok for years now and it is only
logical that the big splash would be made by
that collossal company.
But we sophisticated movie-goers hold
Hitchcock up as an ideal and we think it
would be very corny of his spies to reveal
that allies engaged in the biggest war that
ever hit filmland would trade information
which would help them win the war.
We are inclined to think that the J. Par-
nell Thomas Productions lacks imagination
and is trying to build up a grade M picture
into a Class B money-maker extraordinaire
We'll take "The Lady Vanishes" anytime.
by small officials and obstructionism on
It's about time. Top level discussions of
the differences between the East and the
West are long overdue. The fate of the
world is of too much import to be decided
by chance incidents at an isolated border
or in a subordinate consulate. Perhaps the
only thing lacking is a face to face meeting
with the heads of the world's two supreme
powers, President Truman and Prime Min-
ister Stalin. So long as there is an iota of
hope, negotiations, talks, swapping, good old
American compromise, should be tried. 'It
has been alleged that "hot-heads" in the
politburo in the Kremlin are eager to test
the mettle of the West now, and at any
cost. All efforts to head off such rash action
should be made. Of foremost importance is
a Big Power discussion of the entire Ger-
man problem, not limited merely to a settle-
ment of the Berlin crisis.
Several unexcusable mistakes were made
prior to and during Potsdam which have
resulted in our present impasse. These
mistakes should be rectified now if we are
to achieve any sort of workable peace.
First, there is the matter of German rep-
arations. The Potsdam Protocol called for
reparations to be made to Russia and 16
other countries out of German capital goods.
Reparations from current production were
strictly forbidden. But a secret agreement
made at Yalta said the Russians could have
reparations out of current production. This
one item perhaps has been more responsible
for our present difficulties than any other
thing. Until Russia is satisfied on this
count, she will undoubtedly refuse to lift the
Berlin blockade or discuss a unified Ger-
many, except under terms which would ren-
der Germany vulnerable to Eastern in-
The West's position is equally easy to
understand. So long as Germany is pros-
trate industrially, the West, especially
America, will have to continue to funnel
money and goods into Germany. If this
money and these goods are used in turn
to boost German production and then have
this production drained off in reparations,
the United States will have come no closer
to its goal of putting Europe and Germany
back on its feet and relieving itself of the
burden of supporting half the world.
Secondly, it is a known fact that during
the six months following Potsdam the Rus-
sians were quite willing to, and did in fact,
cooperate with the Western Powers in im-
plementing the provinces of the agreement,
But the French, ever fearful of a strong
Germany, and wtih good cause, obstructed
the deliberations of the Allied Control Coun-
cil time after time. Her actions were mis-
guided and served only to convince Russia
that the West itself could never agree. Rus-
sia soon took to unilateral action and the
West retaliated. The East and the West
have not been able to agree since then.
Unfortunately, this writer feels, the Mor-
genthau Plan for Germany was scrapped.
Germany will be rebuilt and, reindustrial-
ized. That is a fact. Our task is to convince
the French though this is a fact, Germany
will not again be a menace to her borders.
And we must ensure that this is indeed the
case. In our strivings to ,'contain" Russia
we must not make the mistake of creating
a new monster in our midst.
If these present conferences fail, it is
safe to say that Germany will be divided
into two alien parts for generations to
come. The hem of the iron curtain will
continue to dangle at Helmstedt-border
point between the Russian and British
zones and the struggle for a balance of
power between East and West will con-
The present talks in Moscow have been
described as "very thorough." They must
be thorough and all encompassing or the
world stands to find itself permanently di-
vided into two armed camps until
Irons in the Fire
THE THUMPING VICTORY of the anti-
Crump candidates in the Tennessee
Democratic primaries has national signifi-
cance. Defeat of the Memphis boss repre-
sents not simply a picayune realignment of
the body politic, but a new assertion of the
dignity of the electorate.
The people of Tennessee are demonstrat-
ing a new maturity. The oratorical hogwash,
the crude vilification of opponents, the cyni-
cal violaton of the ballotbox, which have
characterized the Crump machine no longer
suffice. The voters have ceased to be politi-
cal babes-in--the-woods, to be pacified by
an occasional fling in the old pork barrel.
The senatorial nominee, Estes Kefauer,
is a legislator of the highest type: clear-
headed, hard-working, and free-swinging.
Most impartial appraisals would rank him
among the ten best men in the lower
House. His elevation can only brighten the
Senate, even as it will dull a House already
on the seamy side.
Kefauver's campaign, wonder of wonders
in this year of 1948, was premised on the
innate intelligence of his constituents. It
was devoted chiefly to a clear exposition of
how Crump-ridden legislators have failed to
deliver, particularly on TVA, so dear to the
hearts of Tennesseans. The state Congres-
sional contingent, while loudly proclaiming
its loyalty to the authority, has actively par-
ticipated in the "crippling by amendment"
of TVA which has been going on for two
Two prime factors are responsible for this
new leavening of the state electorate. The
first is the return of the GI's, many out of
the state for the first time in their lives,
profoundly shaken by their experience.
Bosses thrive on provincialism; the arrival
of veterans, seasoned in a new perspective,
sowed wide discontent with machine poli-
tics, as witness the Athens, Tenn., popular
uprising of two years ago.
Secondly, the increasing industrializa-
tion of Tennessee and of the entire South
is bringing with it a higher standard of
living, a higher standard of education.
Popular enlightenment is the one sure
cure for bossism. The present trend un-
doubtedly calls up new problems to be
faced, new social cankers to be rooted out.
But the people of the Volunteer State seem
to be assuring all America: "We're on our
way. Trust the people. Trust the people.
Trust the people."
There was a tragicomic touch in the way
the same newspapers which had whooped
loudest for the armored train to Berlin
sighed with relief at Stalin's condescension
in receiving the solicitations of the Western
ambassadors. Even the most blatant trump-
eters of the "American Century" seem oc-
casionally to indulge in sincere yearning for
peace, honest - to - goodness, swords - into -
plowshares peace. It all plays like a bit
from 'Aria da Capo," (done here not long
ago by the Speech Department) with spas-
modic, bewildered alternation of affection
and distrust. The world is sadly split in the
quest for peace, but the saddest split of all
is in men's minds.
20 YEARS AGO TODAY
The Daily was conducting a presidential
preference poll on campus. Booths were
operated at the Diag, the Engine Arch and
in front of Angell Hall and students were
asked to select between Herbert Hoover and
"that man who stands head and shoulders
above the crowd," Alfred Emmanuel Smith.
The third party candidate that year wa.
Norman Thomas, victim of a full column ad
on page 2 satirizing his candidacy. "We feel
that the entire campus will be behind us
today," the column read. "The engineers
will, because they are the laboring class.
The Student Christian Association will, be-
cause Thomas is a minister."
On the local screens, Lillian Gish was ap-
pearing in "The Scarlet Letter" and Louise
Fazenda was being starred in "Five and Ten
Cent Annie" on a bill that included shots
of the Tunney-Heeney fight.
15 YEARS AGO TODAY
Describing the activities 'of a thief who
was conducting a series of robberies among
campus fraternity and sorority houses, a
Daily reporter wrote, "Several women were
awakened by the noise of the man entering
their room shortly after 10:15 p.m., and al-
though they were too frightened to scream
for help, the knowledge that he had awak-
ened them in breaking through the screened
window apparenty scared the intruder away
before- he could obtain any large amount of
Esewhere in the paper was an announce-
ment of a local firms which were joining the
10 YEARS AGO TODAY
One of The Daily headlines for this date
bore the following cryptic announcement:
"Badger To Talk to Engineers."
"The Vagabond King" was being staged
at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre with the
largest cast in that theatre's history.
An AP dispatch proclaimed that a lie
detector showed conclusively that Douglas
"Wrong Way" Corrigan was fooling when he
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Doctoral Examination for Juan
in compliance with regulations
"I'll admit the electric blanket's convenient, dear,
but 1'd still rather cook on the stove."
*' * *i *
i I 1
University Community Center,
Willow Run Village: Tues., Aug.
10. Men's Night. Sponsored by the
Wives Club. The Phoenix Project.
Dean Erich A. Walter, speaker.
The University Community Cen-
ter will be open as usual during
the month between the Summer
Session and the beginning of the
Thursday, August 12
Examinations for University
credit. All students who desire
credit for work done in the Sum-
mer Session are required to take
examinations at the close of the
session. The examination schedule
of the schools and colleges on the
eight-week basis follows:
Recitation 8 9 10 11
Time of Thurs. Fri. Thurs. Fri.
Exam 8-10 8-10 2-4 2-4
Hour of other
Recitation 1 2 3 hours
Time of Thurs. Thurs. Fri. Fri.
Exam 4-6 10-12 10-12 4-6
Any deviation from the above
schedule may be made only by mu-
tual agreement between student
and instructor, and with the ap-
proval of the Examination Sched-
Symposium on Theoretical and
The summer symposium pro-
graT will be concluded with two
lectures by Prof. H. B. G. Casimir
at 10 a.m., Mon., August 9 and
Wed., August 11, Room 150 Hutch-
ins Hall. Prof. Casimir will com-
plete his discussion of "Theoreti-
cal Aspects of Low Temperature
Professor W. G. Cochran, of the
University of North Carolina, will
give two lectures Tues., August 10.
The first: on Systematic Sam-
pling will be given at 2 p.m. in
3017 Angell Hall.
The second: on Groups of Ex-
perinments at 4 p.m. in the Amphi-
theatre, Rackham Building.
All interested are invited to
Linguistic Institute Forum Lee-
ture. "Verb Forms in the English
of the Eastern States," by Profes-
sor E. Bagby Atwood of the Uni-
versity of Texas. Tues., August 10,
7:30, Rackham Amphitheatre.
Linguistic Institute Luncheon
Conference: Lecture on "Some Ob-
servations on the Phonetics of
American Norwegian," by Dr.
Magne Oftedal of the University of
Oslo, Wednesday, Aug. 11, Union
Building. Luncheon 12:10, Ander-
son Room; lecture 1:00, Room 308.
Doctoral Examination for David
Wooderson Reed, English; thesis:
"The History of Inflectional n in
English Verbs," Monday, August
9, East Council Room, Rackham
Building, at 2 p.m. Chairman, C.
Doctoral Examination for Her-
old Jacob Wiens, Geography;
Thesis: "The Shu Tao of The
Road to Szechua" Wednesday,
Aug. 11, Room 9, Angell Hall, at
4:00 p.m. Chairman,_R. B. Hall.
Doctoral Examination for Brah-
ma Swarup Kaushiva, Zoology:
Thesis: "Cytological Studies on
the Oogensis of certain Indian
and American Snakes," Thursday,
August 12, 3091 Natural Science
Building, at 1:00 p.m. Chairman,
Daniel Curet-Cuevas, Chemistry;
thesis: "Magnetic Susceptibility of
Weakly Paramagnetic Substanc-
es," Saturday, August 14, East
Council Room, Rackham Building,
at 10:00 a.m. Chairman, Kasimir
Doctoral Examination for How-
ard Kingsbury Holland, Educa-
tion: thesis: "The Legal Basis of
the Social Studies in Michigan,
1787-1948," Wednesday, Aug. .1,
East Council Room, Rackham
Building, 7 p.m. Chairman, Or-
Doctoral Examination for
Charles Edward Vogan, Musicol-
ogy; thesis: "French Organ School
of the 17th and 18th Centuries,
Thursday, August 12, West Council
Room, Rackham Builing, at 10:00
a.m. Chairman, R. Rendall.
Stuent Recital: Keith Lusted,
organist, will present a program
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 8 p.m. Sun.,
August 8, in Hill Auditorium. His
recital will include compositions
by Louis, Francois, and Armand
Louis Couperin, Bach, Edward
Barnes, Haydn, Dupre, Viern and
Sonata I, written by Mr. Lusted.
He is a pupil of Charles Vogan, and
his program will be open to the
Carillon Recital: Another pro-
gram in the current series of
summer carillon recitals will be
played by Professor Percival Price
at 2.15 Sun., August 8. It will in-
clude Sleepers, Wake!, Air in D,
and In Thee is Joy, by J. S. Bach;
Sonata by Galuppi, three songs
by Schubert, The Trout, Thou Art
My Peace, and Ave Maria; closing
with four hymns, The Son of God
Goes Forth, When I Survey, For
All the Saints, and Angels From
Faculty Concert: The final pro-
gram in the series of Monday eve-
ning faculty recitals will be given
at 8 p.m., August 9, in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall, when Gilbert
Ross and Emil Raab, violinists,
Bernard Milof sky, violist, Oliver
Edel, cellist, and Webster Aitken,
pianist, will appear. Their pro-
grain will include Trio in C minor,
Op. 9, No. 3, and Quartet in C ma-
jor, Op. 59, No. 3, by Beethoven,
and Aaron Copland's Vitebsk:
Study on a Jewish Theme, for
piano, violin, and cello.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Harold Van
Heuvelen, violinist, will present a
program with Wilbur Perry,
pianist on Tues., August 10, at 8
in Rackham Assembly Hall. Mr.
Heuvelen's program, which will
include compositions by Tartini,
Bach, Mendelssohn, Rameau, De-
bussy, and Kreisler, is presented
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree Master
of Music. The public is cordially
"I don't care WHAT seems logical ... you still wear the dunce cap."
* * * *
Sir Lion Heart
THE DETROIT FREE PRESS has its all
worked out. There is only one way for
the U.S. to deal with Russia, according to its
lead editorial of Tuesday, Aug. 3. That way
is to be rough, tough, uncompromising and
generally as obnoxious as possible.
America, it says, made a great mistake in
abandoning the famed rattlesnake flag, the
one that carried the "Don't Tread on Me"
motto. And it has made an even greater mis-
take in demonstrating, as it occasionally
does, that it prefers to confer on interna-
tional problems rather than go to war over
"Because Franklin Roosevelt merrily
blundered at Yalta and Harry Truman
added to the disgraceful collapse of Amer-
ican dignity at Potsdam, must we now
persist in violation of our tradition?" the
Press asks. Why, it wonders, must we
American supermen stoop to discussion
and compromise? Why must we soil our
fine American traditions by carrying on
diplomatic chit chat with mere foreigners?
Relent! cries the Press, before it is too late.
Let 'em know that Jack Armstrong don't
take lip from anybody! Stop these cow-
ardly conferences before the U.S. loses
Our latest blunder along this line, it
seems, was to show ourselves willing to take
murderous bunch of gangsters who have
seized Russia and hope to seize Europe and
the world." "Have we become thus craven
in. so short a time?"
As one who came uncomfortably close
to pouring out blood, if not wealth, in the
last war, we can only stand in awe at
such bold, brave language. We can only
wonder what journalistic Kommando
Kelly, what One Man Army Wermuth the
Free Press has got for an editorial writer.
Whoever he is, his courage isn't limited to
criticizing, in such bitter terms, our present
timid approach to the European powder
magazine. He goes on to indicate what fiery
precedents in U.S. history should be taken
as models in the present crisis. Among these,
of course, he features the "millions for de-
fense; not one cent for tribute" message to
post revolution France.
Perhaps someone should point out to Sir
Lion Heart that the France of 1797 was not
the Russia of 1948-that the muskets of the
18th century were not the atomic bombs of
the 20th. Perhaps, even better, some public-
spirited citizen should stake him out on an
Army artillery post for a couple of hours.
All this might serve to reduce the size
of the chip on one writer's shoulder, but
the trouble would probably be wasted. For
"You gotta telephone?"
"It's left over from last time ... who can we throw it at?"
-Hugh Connolly, Daily Cartoonist
Student Recital: Marianne
Gooding Burr, pianist, will present-
a program Wednesday evening,
August 11, at 8:00, in Rackham
Assembly Hall, in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
Master of Music degree. Mrs. Burr,
a student of Joseph Brinkman, will
play compositions of Mendelssohn,
Mozart, Schumann, Dello Joio, and
Chopin. The public is cordially in-
vited to attend.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet Sun., Aug. 8, at 2:30 p.m. at
the northwest entrance of Rack-
ham Bldg. Sign up at Rackham
check desk before noon Saturday.
Graduate students welcome.
Double Bill of Opera: "La Serva
Padrona" and "Down in the Val-
ley" 8 o'clock, Monday evening,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Mon., Aug. 9 at 8:0l p.m. The
Russian Circle is holding a Song
Festival in the International Cen-
ter. Collections of Russian songs
will be sung by Mr. Werner and
Mrs. Sedoff. Refreshments will be
served. All are welcome to attend.
Michigan Christian Fellowship-
Rev. Stockinger of Detroit will be
the speaker at the M.C.F. meeting
this Sunday afternoon at 4:30 p.m.
in the basement of Lane Hall. Rev.
Stockinger's topic will be "Immor-
tality, a Present Hope, a Future
Reality'' The meeting will be fol-
lowed by a Coffee Hour.
Lutheran Student Association,-
Will meet at the Student Center
Sunday, 5:30 p.m. Supper at 6:00
followed by 'a Devotional Service.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Lida Dailes.........Managing Editor
Kenneth Lowe ........Associate Editor
Joseph R. Walsh, Jr. ....Sports Editor
Robert James........Business Manager
Harry Berg...... Advertising Manager
Ernest Mayerfeld.Circulation Manager
Satellite countries are urging
Moscow to come to terms with the
West so that they can get the
machinery and raw materials that
Russia cannot supply. They are
groaning under a one-way trade
that profits only Russia. In addi-
tion, Russia has taken more than
.1 350n 00 n0n worth of raw ma-
Even GOP Congressmen sense
that the do-nothing policy on in-
flation will cause trouble. But they
are supremely confident of elec-
tion. In the Senate they invited
Southerners to start a filibuster. In
the House last week they arro-
gantly took a three-day recess
while the Taft hnusing bill was
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for re-publication