See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 11 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
* * *
Announcement by Russian,
Satellite Ministers Awaited
WARSAW, Poland, Friday, June 25-(AP)-Eight European nations
under the leadership of Russia called early today for the formation of
a "provisional, democratic, peace-loving, all-German government."
(A communique issued at the eight-nation conference, broadcast
r by the Moscow radio and heard in London, said the eastern bloc asked
for a four-power agreement on such a German government.)
The conference, which ended at midnight, said the proposed
German government should consist of representatives of the democra-
tic parties and organizations in Germany. Such a government, it added,
should create a guarantee against a repetition of German aggression.
' Such a state, conference observ-
Economic T ies
In 1st Series Lecture
A prosperous Europe is essen-
tial to our own economy and to
the politico-economic equilibrium
of the entire world, Provost James
P. Adams declared in the opening
lecture of the University's summer
series on "The Economic Recon-
struction of Europe."
Two world wars and a world de-
pression have made normal ad-
justment impossible, yet the eco-
nomic recovery of Europe is a
prerequisite for peace and there is
"no honorable retreat for the
United States," Provost Adams
Purpose of Effort
"We should keep clearly in
mind that the purpose of this gi-'
gantic cooperative effort in which
we are now engaged is the restor-
ation of economic self reliance
among these European peoples,"
"At the outset, this will involve
our help in providing them with
foodstuffs. It will also involve
help in the replacement and en-
ers said, would be the logical an-
swer to the six-power London
agreement to set up a federalized
Western German Government.
The Eastern State may be expect-
ed to seek the support of Commu-
nists in Western Germany to lend
color to a claim of representing all
(The Moscow radio said the
meeting ended after the foreignI
ministers had drawn up a state-
ment on 'the subject of the deci-
sions of the London Conference on
The satellites represented here,
other than Poland, are Albania,
Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Yugo-
slavia, Romania and Hungary. All
are represented in the Cominform
The six Western powers-the
U.S., Britain, France, The Nether-
lands, Belgium and Luxembourg-
recently agre'ed on establishment
of a separate Western German
The announcement here said
Russia and Poland had called the
foreign ministers meeting to weld
a united front in shaping future
policy toward Germany.
In a progress report issued yes-
terday, the preliminary planning
committee of the Phoenix Project
underscored the importance of the
second phase of the memorial-
studying the sociological and eco-
nomic effects atomic energy will
have in the United States.
The committee is headed by Dr.
Ralph A. Sawyer, Dean of the
Graduate School and Professor of
The necessity for this phase of
the study resulted from a realiza-
tion of the profound emotional
and psychological effects on the
American population of either an
atomic war or an Atomic Age of
The report mentioned that as
far as is known, no center or in-
tegrated plan for such studies
exist, nor "is any agency or foun-
dation vitally interested in them."
Discussing the possibility of an
atomic weapons war, the report
noted that "efforts to control
atomic energy through the United
Nations are not likely to be suc-
"In that case an atomic wea-
pons race will continue, involving
for this country larger armies,
heavier taxes and selective service
To Control Supplies
"The Atomic Energy Commis-
sion will control all supplies and
uses of fissionable material and
will exercise a broad influence on
the industrial lije of the nation."
The report stated that the de-
velopment of atom=ic bomb,
coupled with long range planes
have removed "the twin cushions
of time and space which have in-
President Okays Draft,
$10 Billion for Military
WASHINGTON, June 24-Pr sident Truran today signed the
peacetime Draft Bill and two appropriation measures that give over
ten billion dollars to the Army, Navy and Air Force.
His action on the conscription measure makes it law and stops the
flood of enlistments in the National Guard and Reserves by men 19
through 25 seeking to sidestep induction into the regular services.
Between 200,000 and 250,000 men are expected to be drafted the
The first defense measure signed today was the Navy Money Bill
totaling $3,719,059,250 for the fiscal year beginning July 1.
- _- ~It includes funds to start the
world's largest ship, a 65,0004on
SovlC4S Cirtai _ aircraft carrier to cost about
$127,000,000. By using wartime re-
serve,. and previous appropria-
11f 01 ions, the Navy has more than five
billion to spend this year.
In W sL BeriTl The Army and Air Force ap-
propriation bill for $6,705,418,163
- will enable them to immediately
MP's Patrol US. begin building both manpower
,, and equipment.
Zone; Trade Checked The Air Force receives $896,-
986,000 of the fund, but it also
BERLIN, June 24 -(/P -The got a separate appropriation from
Russians snapped off electricity, Congress to build a 70-group
milk and food for western Berlin striking arm.
Signature of the Draft Bill,
today butd the American military whJh had not been anticipated
governor declared they "cannot before the July 5 deadline, makes
Never Lost Lead;
Vote Is Decisive
Stassen Promises All-Out Support;
Itinng Mate To Be Chosen Today
"By The Associated Pres
CONVENTION HALL, Philadelphia, June 24-Thomas E. Dewey
was nominated for President of the United States tonight by the
Republican National Convention,
The 46-year-old New York Governor crashed through to victory
on the third ballot.
Dewey* had led from the start, sprinting ahead of a pack of
rivals through one ballot in the afternoon, picking up power on the
second, and then defying his competitors to figure out any way to
catch him during a two and a< __
drive us out of Berlin by any ac-
tion short of war."
Steel helmeted U.S. soldiers in
armored cars with mounted ma-
chineguns and rifle-carrying mil-
itary police patrolled the Amer-
ican sector and gave the city itsI
most war-like atmosphere since
British soldiers were dispatched
to protect scrap metal stocks they
said the Russians were trying to
haul from the British sector, it
was announced tonight. The Brit-
ish said they rejected a Russian
demand to withdraw the soldiers.
The British countered the So-
viet blockade of western Berlin by
embargoing coal and steel ship-
ments from the Riir to the So=
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American
commander, took similar action
Sept. 22, or 90 days from now, the
possible beginning date of in-
Registrations can begin at once,
but, Selective Service said it would
take about six weeks to set up
draft board machinery. This
would make the registration date
around August 16.
Now that the draft is law, men
19 through 25 are automatically
eligible for induction into the
regular armed forces, and no lon-
ger have the right to gain exemp-
,Jon by joining a reserve unit.
Starting in January
CONVENTION HALL, Pila-
delphia, June 24 --(UP) -Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey accepted the
Republican presidential nomina-
tion tonight with a pledge to
strike for a United America and
a world order founded upon jus-
tice and peace.
To the cheering delegates who
had nominated him unanimously,
"To me, to be a Republican in
this hour is to dedicate one's life
to the freedom of men. As long as
the world is half free and half
slave, we must peacefully labor to
help men everywhere to achieve
On unity in America, the presi-
dential nominee brought a cheer
by ad libbing into his prepared
speech the statement:
"Let me assure you that begin-
ning next January 20 there will
be teamwork in the government
of the United States."
Back in his hotel, Dewey told a
crowd in the ballroom where he
has maintained his headquarters
that there will be no more "Com-
mics on the government payroll"
when he is elected.
"We will start out by having the
finest housecleaning in Washing-
ton after January 20 you ever
saw," he said.
"We will restore the faith of
the American people in the spok-
en word of their government and
the integrity of its purpose."
It took himr only 53 minutes to
go to the convention hall, accept
the nomination and return to the
Bellevue Stratford Hotel.
With Mrs. Dewey at his side,
the governor told the crowd at
"The fun and work are over.
Now is the time for solemn con-
templation of the work that is
Dewey came onto the conven-
tion platform at 7:19 p.m. (CST),
A great roar went up and the
packed thousands on convention
floor and galleries stood and
Dewey waved and in an aside
to Chairman Joe Martin said,
"Hey Joe, How are you?"
Martin banged the convention
order and said he was "happy to
present the next president of the
United States, Thomas E, Dewey,"
another big roar went up at that.
When he said, "I accept the
nomination" there were more
The delegates yelled again when
Dewey told them, "I come to you
unfettered by a single obligation
I to any living person.
largieent 0of their inauJWUiI Applications for season and in-
plants, machinery and transport dividual tickets to all 1948 Wol-
ipment. In the long run, how- verine football games are now be-
er, one of their most important ing accepted by the ticket depart-
needs will be markets in which ment, located in Ferry Field Of-
they can sell so they can pay for fice, Don Weir, ticket manager
the things they must buy abroad." announced yesterday.
Prosperous Europe Orders for all-season seats, re-
A highly productive, self-reliant ceived before August 1, will be
and prosperous Europe is essen- pooled, drawn by lot and then
tial to 'the welfare of our own filled. However, applicants who
economy and to the political and have purchased season tickets for
economic equilibrium of the en- the past five years will be given
tire world, according to Provost preference over new purchasers,
Adams. according to Weir.
He listed two other "cornpell- Individual game ticket applica-
ng reasons" for American con- tions will then be filled using the
cern for Europe: same system, he explained.
1. "We cannot maintain our way Weir estimated that more than
of life in a world not hospitable 22,000 of the home stadium's F5,-
to its basic ideals without deny- 938 capacity will be reserved for
ing ourselves some of those very regular fall distribution to fac-
freedoms." ulty members, University' em-
2. "A minimum well-being and ployees and students.
security are required for the pres- Blanks for the Michigan-OSU
ervation of the democratic and contest are being mailed to alumni
social ideals in Europe because and patrons living in Ohio only
Communism, with its denials of and will be accepted until July 1
the basic values to which we are or as long as tickets are avail-
accustomed offers itself as an al- able--if the University's seat al-
ternative to those who have no lotment is not sold out. After July
place to go." 1, applications from others will
Prof. Dudley M. Phelps, of bus- share in remaining tickets.
mess administration school, who eason tickets for the five
is chairman of the lecture com- homegincluded
mittee, introduced the speaker. Ticket applications not made
Speakers in succeeding weeks erson should be mailed to:
will discuss financial arrange- on Weir ticket manager, Ticket
ments, world trade and political Department, Ferry Field, Ann Ar-
relationships bearing on the Eu- Ibor.
half hour recess.
By the time the recess huddling,
frantic telephoning and caucusing
was over, delegates were stamped-
ing to the New Yorker.
And then rival candidates one
by one turned their supporters
loose, freed them to vote as they
pleased-and it pleased them all
to vote for Dewey.
There were Senator Robert A.
Taft of Ohio, who ran second the
first two times around the course,
Gov. Earl Warren of California,
former Gov. Iarold E. Stassen of
There were Arthur Vandenberg,
Michigan Senator and all the rest.
Senator Raymond Baldwin of
Connecticut gave up as a favorite
The little following of Gen.
Douglas MacArthur was cast loose.
And then the roll call was just
a routine formality. The rules re-
New Hampshire, with 8 votes,
had the privilege of putting Dewey
It took 548 out of the conven-
tion's total of 1,094 votes to make
it dead sure. The granite state's
votes made it 554.
The New York Governor him-
self heard the good word in his
hotel headquarters,a mile or so
away. He started for the hall to
deliver a 10-minute acceptance
Still to be decided by Dewey and
Here i Ann Arbor, Pres. Al-
exander G. Ruthven comment-
ed, when contacted by The
Daily, "I have known Gov.
Dewey since he was a student
at the University. I have the
highest regard for his ability
and sincerity. If he is elected
president, $ am sure he will
direct the administration of
the government according to
the principles he laid down in
his acceptance speerh."
the convention, too, was who will
be the vice presidential nominee.
The voting for second spot on
the ticket will come tomorrow,
Mrs. Dudley Hay, convention
secretary, had called the roll of
states on the final dramatic ballot
for the presidential nomination.
It showed 1,094 votes for Dewey.
not a single tally against.
So it was Dewey again, just as
it was four years ago. And for the
first time in its history, the GOP
decided to string along with a
man who won a nomination but
lost a presidential race.
"No, no," die hard Stassen sup-
porters bellowed through the hall
when the popular former Gover-
nor of Minnesota dropped his
fight and promised all-out aid to
sulated this country," by suspending all trade shipment. All students desiring to drive
dinual rtdesip nhiAs conundtryng."drve
The effects these facts will to eastern Germany. during the summer session who
have must be recognized, analyzed The Soviet military administra- are not qualified for exemption
and studied. tion declared tonight the Allied I from the automobile regulations
"The threat of a cataclysmic Kommandatura "has practically should apply in person immed-
surprise attack may mean new ceased to exist as a: body for the iately for permits at the Office of
definitions of the military powers, administration of Berlin" The- Student Affairs.
of the President." the report con- statement was an answer to a Completion of the Automobile
tinued, "and new measures for western proposal earlier this week Regulation section of the regis-
civilian control." to solve Berlin's currency crisis tration card does not fulfill this
Atom in Industry in the Komimandatura. obligation Also, peirnit "tags"
"And the economic life of the ! The statement by Marshal Vas= obtained during the past year are
country may be vastly altered by sily 1). Sokolovsky, Russian mili- not valid during the summer ses-
the applications of nuclear power tary governor, indicated that the sion,
in industries which will no longer Soviets intend to ignore the Korn- !The authorized exemptions in-
be limited in location by the avail- - mandatuira-the four-power rui- Idude those who are over 26 years
ability of coal or oil." ing body of Berlin-as well as the of age and those who have a fac-
See PHOENIX, page 2 anti-Communist city government. ulty rating of teaching fellow or
An additional provision exempts
( A ,A those "who. during the preceding
WNorld Ne l A t A I academic year, were engaged in
_- ----_ -- Students falling into the ex=
By The Associated Press emupted categories are not required
TEL AVIV, Israel, June 25-Heavy explosions were heard last to apply for driving privileges.
night and early today south of Tel Aviv. Reports circulated here that 'Special permission allowing
the Israeli Army is attacking Irgun Zvai Leumi strongholds in the vi- students to drive is usually grant-
cinity of Abu Kebir. ed for married students, Ann Ar-
* * * * bor residents, commuters, and for
reasons of business or health.
DETROIT, Jafne 24-Naval authorifies d1ilosed today tiat Under a special provision of the
two navy planes which collided over east side Petruit yest rday surnmer session regulations how-
were flying in violation of rules prohibiting formation flying over ever, students may secure permis-
the city proper. sion to use cars for recreational
* * * purposes because of "increased
interest in outdoor sports during
WASHINGTON, June 26-The Texas Gas Transuission Corp. an- the summer months an dthe gen-
nounced today it is seeking authority to construct a 340-mnnile pipeline eral inaccessability of facilities for
from Texas to Ohio. such activities,"
Now for GP
Ilalleck, Gov. Stassen
Up for Vice-President
COVENTION HALL, Philadel-
phia, ,June 24-Republican lead-
ers tonight began guessing and
suggesting vice-presidential run-
ning mates for Governor Thomas
Word came from Dewey head-
quarters that the field iswide
open. But usually the Republican
Presidential nominee has much to
say about the No. 2 place on the
Immediate speculation centered
around these men:
House GOP leader Charles A.
Halleck who swung Indiana's del-
egates onto the Dewey bandwagon
early in the voting and held them
Senator John W. Bricker, who
was Dewey's running mate in
1944. The former Ohio governor,
who now is in the Senate, prob-
ably would accept an offer.
Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota,
even though his managers say he
does not want the job and will not
Governor Earl Warren of Cal-
ifornia, who helped clinch the
Dewey nomination by releasing
his solid 53 votes and urging them
to vote for Dewey. Friends of War-
ren say he is not a vice-presiden-
Governor Dwight Green of Illi-
nois, who played 'a prominent role
supporting Senator Taft for the
Presidential nomination and was
temporary chairman of this con-
vention after keynoting it.
Senator Wherry of Nebraska
who has been acting as GOP lead-
er in the senate and is reported
willing to take the post.
Nomination of the Vice-presi-
dent was left until Friday with
delegates assembling at 8:30 aim
Formal speeches, including see-
onding talks, are on the schedule
WASHTNGTON, June 24
President Truman's emergency
board said tonight an agreement
has been reached by John L. Lewis
and soft coal operators on a new
contract averting possibility of a
nation-wide coal strike in July.
Chairman David L. Cole of the
inauiry board said details of the
contract will be put in written
form tonight, The agreement was
worked out just two days after the
board's prodding got Lewis and
the operators around the bargain-
ing table for serious talk on an
The present contract expires
June 30. It was understood pri-
vately that the new agreement
would give miners a $1-a-day
wage increase and a $100,000,000
a year welfare-pension fund.
The United Mine Workers chief
and the operators scheduled a
f ,, l
ropean economic situation.
By Wallace Group
James Terrell was elected chair-
man of the Wallace Progressives
at a meeting held in the Michigan
Union last night:
Other officers chosen were John!
Houston, secretary; Alvin Lippitt,
treasurer; Charles Conley and
Lores LaVita executive board4
CONVENTION C LOSEUPS PY DAILY CORRESPONDENTS:
Philadelphia Sound and Fury Reach Hectic Climax
By HAROLD JACKSON
(Special to The Daily)
CONVENTION HALL, Philadel-
York State governor who almost
carried the banner of the Repub-
lican Party to the White House in
An almost unprecedented show
of party unity preceded the taking
From the galleriee, showed that
the ex-Navy Commander still had
a tremendow s following.
On and on they came, Governor
Sigler in shirt sleeves announced
Sena Ior Vandenberg's support of
By JOHN CAMPBELL
PHILTADELPHIA, June 23-(De-
ived) -The onnee-olid Michigan
from their pledge early in the
game if a Dewey landslide devel-
At the same time, the stop-
Dewey forces have come out into
the open in the form of a coalition
Quaker City today, however, is
that what appeared to be a Dewey
bandwagon has been stonped'
there is a good chance for' a dead-
lock. Most likely nominee in that
event: Senator Vandenberg. With
nniltj& necks ats take, there are