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July 18, 1947 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1947-07-18

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T HE MICHIGAN I)AILY'-

FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1941

Fifty-Seventh Year
I

Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
Virgity of Michigan under the authority of the
hoard in Control of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Msnaging Editors ... John Campbell, Clyde Recht
Associate Editor................. Eunice Mntz
orts Editor...............Archie Parsons
Business Staff
General Manager ................ Edwin Schneider
Advertising Manager........William Rohrbach
Circulation Manager................Melvin Tick
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
credited to it or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of republication of all other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michi-
gan, as second class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1946-47
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff-
and represent the views of the writers only.
N. E.: ALLEGRA PASQUALETTI
Second Best
GENERAL EISENHOWER, and other men
charged with the duty of keeping this
country safe from the envy of less happier
lands, have publicly been calling our armed
forces "second best." There is no doubt
that they are right; but it leads us to the
question- what kind of an army should we
have?
Eisenhower, in a general way, has made
public two prerequisites for a postwar
army. It must be strong enough to
"pressure for peace," and capable of de-
fending the country.
Of the two qualifications, the last one is,
sensible. Our army (which we use as a
general term covering all components of
the services) must be strong enough to (1)
control conquered peoples and (2) main-
tain and hold connecting and advance bases.
t must be staffed by officers trained
enough to cope with the inevitable short-
ages which have plagued our peacetime arm-
ies.
But it can never ho to be strong
enough to "pressure for peace." If Eisen-
hower thinks he can scare a foreign pow-
er of first-rate strength (Russia, he says)
nto backing down on any major issue,
he will be mistaken. History shows that
first class military powers are not bluffed
by anything less than an equal show of
4trength, and sometimes not even by that.
Before the beginning of World War I, the
Germans were undaunted by allied naval
superiority. They were confident in the
threat of French Russian, English and Ital-
ian land power. They went through Bel-
gium in the face of all kinds of "pressure
for peace."
The Japanese were never bluffed by the
mighty "Pacific Fleet."
It follows that Russia will never be bluffed
by anything less than an equal show of
strength.
Russia's military strength has been var-
idusiy estimated. Our report says the
Soviets have 10,000 front-line fighting
planes. Undoubtedly their land forces
number over 2,000,000, with great quan-
tities of equipment.
A much-talked-of equalizer on our side
iS reported to be the atomic bomb. General
Eisenhower, when he was before the Senate
Appropriations subcommittee at the end of
last month, did not mention the atomic
bomb. It is, therefore, an unevaluated fac-
tor.
Eisenhower knows what it would take
to bluff Russia, or to "pressure for peace."
Hle will not tell anybody, however, be-
cause he would be called names. This
country is not in a mood for an arma-

ment race, or even universal military
training.
The country is in the mood for the ful-
fillment of the other prerequisites for a post-
war army--forces strong enough for the
defense of the country and bases, com-
. posed of a hard core of officers. The Sen-
ate committee indicated that sufficient ap-
propriations would be recommended for
that part of the program.
After our army is made capable of de-
fense, in an agressive sense of the word, it
will still be 'second best." It will always
be second best, unless the people decide
to turn the country into an armed camp,
and to ignore the Marshall-Truman line of
foreign policy.
-Fred Schott
THEVIRGIN ISLANDS of the United
RSnfs of n tim th Thanish Wst Tn-

I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Listless C
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE 1948 presidential campaign may turn
out to be one of the dullest in the mem-
ory of man. It hardly looks, right now, as
if either side is going to get up a good
holler against the other. And a listless
campaign represents a great danger to the
Democrats, for dull political weather is good
Republican weather.
Listlessness actually is as great a dan-
ger to the Democrats as a third party
movement would be. It is, in fact, a phen-
omenon of the same kind; as a state of
being bored with the Democrats, it is
a way station on the road to a third
party.
I remember the California elections last
year, when so many liberal and indepen-
dent Democrats stayed home that the Re-
publicans swept both primaries. California
liberals could hardly have hurt the Demo-
crats more by forming a third party. List-
lessness is, in\ its own futile and negative
way, the most deadly kind of third party
movement, for it needs no leader and no
organization, and fighting it is like fighting
a bale of cotton.
Yet it is hard to see how the 1948 cam-
paign can be much more than a campaign
of mild sneers and debaters' points, rath-
er than of those solid blows on the conk
that bring the voters out. With both
parties fairly well agreed on foreign pol-
icy, at least verbally, and with both stud-
iously ignoring the housing issue, it is
unlikely that Dewey and Truman, or
Vandenberg and Truman, can do much
more than play ping-pong.
The Republicans may claim that the
Democrats still harbor too many Commu-
nists, but Mr. Truman need only quote
from the Daily Worker's support of a third
party in refutation. Or the Republicans
may do the one about how the Democrats
spend too much money, to which the Dem-

am pign U
ocrats can answer that the Republicans
have been in charge of Congress, which
means in charge of spending. The danger
is that the populace may doze off while
the two sides hurl these bean bags at each
other.
Mr. Truman has two fine points, in the
Taft-Hartley labor bill and the Republi-
can campaign against price control. But
prices may recede by 1948, washing out
that controversy; and so many Democrats
voted for the Taft-Hartley bill that it is
going to be easier to make local rather
than party-wide use of the issue. The
Republicans may make big mention of
their fight for tax reduction, but it is
going to seem a little sad for that to be
the chief issue in the first presidential
campaign after the biggest war in history.
In this situation, perhaps the best thing
to do is to sweep everything off the table,
and reset it. If the IDemocrats were wise,
they would detail some attractive figure to
make a whopping national campaign for
more housing, and then run him for vice-
president. Or the Republicans could pick
the issue up. There it lies, smoking, in the
street, yet utterly disregarded, while the
two parties fling their tired spitballs at each
other.
Otherwise, the next campaign will, be so
exquisitely technical that the public is going
to be too bored to follow it. County com-
mitteemen will, of course, roll on the floor
with delight at the points their candidates
will make, but the general public will won-
der what the joke is. It will be like stamp-
collecting, which can arouse a certain num-
ber of persons to fever pitch, while leaving
the rest of the community cold. It is not
the third party which menaces the Demo-
crats, but that state of dullness which comes
before a third party, and which gives list-
less warning as it stifles a yawn.
(Copyright 1947, New York Post Corporation)

BILL MAULDIN

"I 'ave come to cheer you opp, an' to take your pulse an'
temperature."
MATTER OF FACT:
Money or Goods?

REAL ESTATE BOARDS:
Housing Discrimination

PEOPLE WHO question the desirability
of government controls on business and
maintain that individuals and the coun-
try as a whole would be better off if busi-
ness were allowed to run things as it saw
fit should take a good look at the results
of the convention of the New York State
Association of Real Estate Boards held re-
cently.
According to Walter White, Secretary,
National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, the fruits of the conven-
tions were as follows:
1. A demand for repeal of a New York
City ordinance prohibiting racial or re-
ligious discrimination in low rental hous-
ing.
2. A demand that such legal safeguards
against discrimination shall not be ex-
tended to other cities and towns of New
York State.
..3. Overwhelming defeat of a resolution to
commend the State of New York for its
emergency housing operations to provide
shelter for veterans and their families.
4. Bitter opposition to any and all
Federal or state aid to housing for vet-
erans.
Bitter opposition to any Federal or
state aid to housing for families earning
$50 a week or less.
There is no logical basis on which any of
these points can be defended as being de-
sirable for the individuals affected or for
the nation. Removal of prohibitions on ra-
cial or religious descrimination in low rent-
al housing would result in members of min-
ority groups being forced back to the ten-
ement districts, where they would suffer
not only from inadequate housing but also
from the evorbitant rentals charged for it.
Placing a ban on extending such prohibi-
tions to other cities would have the same
result.
THIS WEEK'S PRESENTATION by the
Michigan Repertory Players of Edna St.
Vincent Millay's "The King's Henchman"
is one of mixed qualities.
First of all, the play itself. It is a drama-
tized ballad, and as such does not quite ring
true, in spite of all the elaborately gorgeous
costumes and impressive stage effects. Per-
haps in its original grand opera version it
was more effective, more credible, but as it
is being produced here the audience is ask-
ed to swallow too many incredibilities, too
many artificialities. The crisis seems to be
precipitated with too much suddenness, in
fact everything happens with the swiftness
of a ballad to characters who are stock
types for the ballad form, rather than
fully developed and complex personalities.
The players, however, do their enthusias-
tic, sometimes inspired best. For the usual
show-stealer, Jack Iskin as Maccus might
well be nominated. He has some superb
lines, such as "My heart has a stone in its
shoe " to which he gave coler and natur-'

Failure of the state to provide emerg-
ency housing for veterans would have
forced them to buy homes at the present
inflated prices or pay high rent for what-
ever shelter they could find.
There is an obvious reason for the atti-
tude of the realtors toward government con-
trols and aids for housing. If the govern-
ment keeps its hands off they will make
a higher profit. Now and for a long time
to come they find themselves in the highly
advantageous position of being able to com-
mand exorbitant prices for housing because
it is scarce. Their only thought is to grab
as much as they can without regard to the
effect their actions may have. Their com-
plete irresponsibility is shown by their at-
tacks on phases of housing aid and control
which generally are considered to be of
benefit to the nation.
These same realtors, who oppose govern-
ment aid to veterans and prohibition of
racial and religious restrictions, would be
the first to join in the cry of "just let
business operate without government inter-
ference and the country will be better off."
-Allegra Pasqualetti
[CINEMA-1V
At Hill Auditorium .. .
JERICHO, Lelarge, French dialogue,
English sub-titles.
rJHE MOST MOVING portrayal of life in
the French underground, and the most
realistic yet sympathetic version of what
could be called a simple melodrama, may
be found in the French motion picture
Jericho.
The name, aptly chosen, describes the
fall of prison walls which occurs when the
Royal Air Force bombs the scene of the
planned execution of 50 hostages. The spec-
tacular ending, in the best Hollywodd tradi-
tion, was somehow effective in spite of the
familiar RAF takeoffs into the misty dawn.
Acting in the scenes in which the hos-
tages were waiting for the firing squad
was exceptional, especially the moving con-
fession of the doctor to the German chap-
lain, all of which could have been easily
overdone.
In spite of the use of similar topics time
and again by American and foreign produc-
ers, the effect of the drama was not lost
at any time.
Obviously, the one criticsm which one
could make would be that there was a great
deal of play upon the emotions of the aud-
iencce, enlivened only by occasional use of
typically Gallic humor.
The refreshing presentation of the Brit-
ish airmen, from a French point of view,
also gave the audience a chance to hear
a short portion of the picture in English.
-Beverly Dippel

By JOSEPH AND getting
STEWART ALSOP leaders
A GREAT NATIONAL debate, of to take
the deepest historic signifi- Faced
cance, is clearly looming ahead economi
as togwhether SecretarywofdState doubted
George C. Marshall's words at ican Co
B irvard are to be backed by Marsha
American money and American level o
goods. The debate will be heat- while t
ed, and with November, 1948, on bottoms
the horizon, it is sure to have in- And thi
tense political overtones. The duces t
central question of the debate will recessio
certainly be: "Can we afford it?" makes i
It is worth pointing out that, at States v
least as far as money is concerned, able to
the answer is quite evidently shall pr
"yes." circle n
This answer is founded on un-
official but reliable estimates. The The
figures on which these estimates be tie
are based are simple enough. large s
The total government income course
for the last fiscal ,year, end- hauseu
ing June 30, was something has an
over 43 billion dollars. Last veoing
January President Truman sub- al mill
mitted to Congress an estimat- certain
ed budget for the present year held.
of over 37 billion dollars. The passed
Congress is now hard at work course
trying to reduce this sum. Even velvet
if not a penny is cut, the es kitty.
timated outgo would still be ever,
nearly six billion dollars below to ope
last year's income. If Congress is a f
pares off as much as three bill-~ernme
ion, the difference between last shall
years income and this year's the m
outgo will then be almost nine
billion dollars. What
The level of employment and of in term
business activity (contrary to the country
gloomy crystal ball gazing of the fort wh
economists) is now higher than dying E
it was during the last fiscal year. sensible
The highest estimate thus far be mad
made of the total cost during any cents.
one year of the Marshall pro- in term
gram is six billion dollars. Thus, Yet des
assuming that the government's taxes,c
slice of the national income dur- the plai
ing the present fiscal year is as is livin
high as it has been during the to buy
year just ended, it is obvious that try has
there will be more than enough informe
surplus in the government kitty happy:
to finance America's part in the continu
plan. descend
Two very large strings must of nomic
course be firmly attached to that only th
statement. Final
The first is the qualification itics.
that the United States must suf- approac
fer no economic depression, nor be enor
even a fairly mild recession, for poli
during the coming year. For surely 1
a moderate drop in the present the tim
great level of national income this co
would knock all estimates gal- throug
ley-west. But here, curiously Secreta
enough, in the view of reliable speech,
economic forecasters, something a calcu
like the opposite of the all too so agai
familiar vicious circle will tend (Cpyri
to come into operation. If the_
Marshall proposal had not been
made, the enormous volume of "All r
American exports would have tion of
begun to fall off sharply in the titled t
next few weeks or months. The joymen
European countries which are vantag
now running out of dollars es of .
would have been forced, regard- and an
less of consequences, to hoard the con
their last few millions against tablish
a sudden emergency. The re- alike t
sulting plunge in the American there t
export level would have made accoun
inevitable at the very least a price t
distinctly painful recession. lots or
However, with the European re- place f
Ispouse to the Marshall proposal -Il

underway, the European
will certainly be inclined
a chance.
with desperate internal
ic situations, they will un-
ly gamble that the Amer-
ngress will choose to back
11 up. Thus the American
f exports will hold up,
he Europeans scrape the
of their dollar barrels.
is in turn enormously re-
Ihe likelihood of a serious
n in the near future, and
t probable that the United
will have the money avail-
play its part in the Mar-
oposal. Thus is the happy
featly completed.
second string which must
l to any expectation of a
urplus for financing Eur-
reconstruction is, of
taxes. The President
inounced his intention of
the tax cut bill now
through the Congression-'
. But it is very far from
ithat his veto will be up-
The tax cut measure, if
over the veto, will of
cut into the estimated
in next year's budgetary
Even with a tax cut, how-
since it would not begin
rate until Jan. 1, there
air chance that the gov-
nt could finance the Mar-
program without going to
Duey lenders.
all this adds up to is that,
s of dollars and cents, this
can well afford the ef-,
ich must be made to put
urope back on its feet. No
estimate, of course, can
fe entirely in dollars and
Money has meaning only
s of the things it can buy.
pite inflation, despite high
despite the housing mess,
in fact is that this country
g better i.n terms of things
than it or any other coun-
ever lived before. And no
d person believes that this
state of affairs will long
e if Europe is allowed to
into a political and eco-
chaos which will profit
e Soviets.
ly, of course, there is pol-
As the Presidential year
ches, the temptation will
mous for both sides to use
itical advantage what will
be the paramount issue of
es. Yet politics and all,
entry has always squeaked
i in the pinches. When
ry Marshall made his
at Harvard, he was taking
lated risk that it would do
n.
ght 1947, N. Y. Tribune Inc.)
persons within the jurisdic-
(this state) shall be en-
o the full and equal en-
t of the accomodations, ad-
es, facilities, and privileg-
. . public accomodations
musement, subject only to
ditions and limitations es-
ed by laws and applicable
o all citizens; nor shall
be any discrimination on
t of race or color in the
o be charged and paid for
graves in any cemetery or
or burying the dead."
linois State Constitution

DlAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Officlai
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should he sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Summer Session, Room 1213 Angel
Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day pre-
ceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
urdays).
FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1947
VOL. LVII, No. 17S
Notices
Graduate Students expecting
August degrees, and other grad-
uate students who have not taken
the required graduate examina-
tion may take it on July 18 at
2:00 p.m. in the East Lecture
Room of the Rackham Building.
It will not be offered again until
October. The two dollar fee re-
quired will be payable Thursday,
the 17th and Friday morning the
18th at the cashier's office. The
fee receipt must be turned in to
the Graduate School by Friday
noon.
Students, College of Engineer-
ing: The final day for DROPPING
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD
will be Saturday, July 19. A
course may be dropped only with
the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instruc-
tor.
W. J. Emmons, Secretary
Students, College of Engineer-
ing: The final day for REMOVAL
OF INCOMPLETES will be Sat-
urday, July 19. Petitions for ex-
tension of time must be on file
in the Secretary's Office on or
before Saturday, July 19.
W. J. Emmons, Secretary
Sport, short courses for women.
Open to beginners in tennis, golf,
and §wimming. Classes will be
held at 3 o'clock daily except
Friday, beginning July 21. 12les-
sons will be given. New registra-
tions will be accepted this week
at office, 15 Barbour Gymnas-
ium..
La p'tite causette meets every
Tuesday and Wednesday at 3:30
in the Grill Room of the Michi-
gan League and on Thursdays at
4 p.m. at the International Cen-
ter. All students interested in
informal French conversation are
cordially invited to join the
group.
II i s t o r y Final Examination
Make-up: Saturday, July 19, 9
O'clock, Room B, Haven Hall. Stu-
dents must come with written per-
mission of instructor.
Preliminary Examinations for
the Doctorate in the School of
Education will be held on August
18-19-20, from 9 till 12 o'clock.
Any graduate student in Educa-
tion desiring to take these exam-
inations should notify my office,
at once, Room 4000 University
High School.
Clifford Woody, Chairman
of Graduate Advisers in
Education
Civil Service:
Detroit Civil Service Commis-
sion announces examination for
Senior Construction Equipment
Operator; J u n i o r Accountant,
Semi-Senior Accountant; Junior
and Senior Medical Technologist;
and Head Ciyt Planner.
The U. S. Civil Service Commis-
sion announces examination for
Geologist (Grades P-3 to P-6),
and Social Worker in Veterans

Administration (Grades P-2 to P-
7).
Call at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments for further information.
Bur. of Appts. & Occup. Inf.
Pi Lambda Theta initiation ban-
quet will be held Tuesday, July 22
at 5:45 p.m. at the Michigan Un-
ion. Members who have not al-
ready made reservations and who
are planning to attend should call
Mrs. Shata Ling, telephone 9014
after 6 p.m.; by Friday, July 18,
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet on Sunday July 20th at 2:3C
p.m. at the Northwest Entranef
to Rackham Building for bicycl-
ing and swimming. Please sign
up before noon on Saturday at the
check desk in the Rackham Build-
ing and indicate if you want a bi-
cycle reserved.
Approved social events for the
coming week-end: July 18, Jordar
Hall; July 19, Sailing Club, Delta
Tau Delta, Phi Gamma Delta
Sigma Alpha Epsilon; July 20
Pi Beta Phi, Sailing Cl.ub.
A Square Dancing Class, spon-
sored by the Graduate Outing
Club, will be held Thursday, Jul3
17th at 8 p.m. in the Lounge of
the Women's Athletic Building
Everyone welcome. A small fe(
will be charged.

TO THE EDITOR
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which -is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that theviews ex-
pressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
** 0
~Ati-Lynch Day..
To the Editor:
[HAT THE wonderful ideals of
brotherhood and equality are
being given the horselaughright
here in Ann Arbor becomes in-
creasingly obvious. We have a
special class of "nicer" bigots who
give verbal allegience to the Bill
of Rights while they, wittingly or
unwittingly, put every obstacle in
the way of people who want to
carry it out.
The President of the United
States has said that concrete ac-
tion on a Federal Anti-Lynch bill
is urgent. The Southern Negro
Youth Congress has been one of
the most active organizations in
the fight to stop lynchings. They
need funds to keep up the con-
crete action.
If the Student Affairs Commit-
tee maintains a strict interpre-
tation of its resolution banning
tag days during the summer, many
honest people may be denied the
right to contribute funds to stop
lynching. That is, unless the com-
mittee changes its policy.
Perhaps the Student , Affairs
Committee doesn't realize that it
is far wiser to alter a procedure
than a principle.
--Evelyn Gladstone

Lectures
Professor Frank Whitson Fetter,
Professor of Economics, Haver-
ford College, will lecture on "The
United States and World Trade,"
Friday, July 18, at 8:10 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre. This
lecture is one in the Summer Lec-
ture Series, "The United States
in World Affairs." The public is
invited.
Sir Bernard Pares, formerly Di-
rector of Slavonic Studies at the
University of London, will speak
on "Russia and the Peace," Mon-
day, July 21, 4:10 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheatre. Public invited.
Concerts
Now that the record player has
been repaired the Regular Thurs-
day Evening Record Concerts
sponsored by the Graduate School
will continue. This evening Bee-
thoven's Triple Concerto for pi-
ano, violin, and cello, and Schu-
bert's Song Cycle, "Die Sbhone
Mullerin" will be played. All
graduate students are cordially
invited.
Organ Recital: Robert Baker,
Guest Lecturer in Organ, will be
heard in a program in Hill Audi-
torium at 8:30 Tuesday evening,
July 22. Organist at the First
Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn,
Mr. Baker is in Ann Arbor as a
member of the Summer Session
faculty of the School of Music.
For his recital he has planned a
program of works by Handel, Vi-
valdi, Rinck, Bach, Liszt, Andries-
sen, Bingham. Langlais, Jongen,
and the first performance of Ber-
ceuse, by Robert Crandell, a form-
er School of Music faculty mem-
ber.
The public is cordially invited.
Exhibitions
Photographs of Summer Fungi
of Michigan, Rotunda Museums
Building. July and August.
The Museum of Art: Ekhib-
tion of Prints-Vanguard Group,
Ann Arbor Art Association Col-
lection, and from the Permanent
Collection. July 1-28. Alumni
Memorial Hall, daily, except Mon-
day, 10-12 and 2-5; Sundays, 2-5.
The public is cordially invited.
Museum of Archaeology. Cur-
rent Exhibit, "Life in a Roman
Town in Egypt from 30 B.C. to
400 A.D." Tuesday through Fri-
day, 9-12, 2-5; Saturday, 9-12;
Friday evening, 7:30-9:30; Sun-
day 3-5.
Events Today
The Art Cinema League pre-
sents JERICHO, a f irst-run
French film with English titles,
dealing with the FFI underground
resistance against the Nazis, in
France, today, 8:30 p.m. Box
office opens 3 p.m. daily. Tickets
phone 4121, Ext. 479. Hill Audi-
torium.
There will be dancing at the
Casbah today and tomorrow
from 9:00 until 12:00 with Al
Chase's Band. Stags and couples
are welcome. Price $.60 per per-
son. Tickets now on sale at the
desk at the League.
TTniversityo mmnnit C(anw

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