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August 08, 1947 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1947-08-08

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Merit Board
Will Regulate
Army Brass
President Signs
Promotion Law
4. By The Associated Press
army officers will have to prove
their right to be promoted, rather
than rely on seniority to advance
them, under a new law signed to-
day by President Truman.
The promotion-by-merit law al-
so covers admirals. The system
already was in effect for other
grades in the navy.
The legislation provides for pro-
motion of army officers based up-
on the recommendations of boards
of officers passing on their qual-
Selection Boards
Officers in the grades of first
lieutenant, captain, major and
lieutenant colonel heretofore have
been promoted automatically, af-
ter specified length of service and
finally to the rank of colonel as
vacancies occurred.
Now any officer through the
rank of mnapor who fails twice in
row of winning recommendation
or promotion will be dropped
from service.
Selection boards will recommend
the "best qualified officers" from
among officers in the next lower
grade to be colonels, brigadier
generals and major generals.
Those who fail of recommendation
for promotion after specific per-
iods of service in these grades
would be retired.
An illustration of how the old
promotion system worked was the
case of James A. Kilian, who was
court martialed and fined on
charges involving cruelty to Amer-
ican prisoners by men under his
command at Lichfield, England.
Senate Balked
Because of his length of service,
Kilian was automatically up for
promotion to the permanent rank
of Colonel along with others of
like seniority. However, the Sen-
ate balked at confirming the list
so long as Kilian's name was there
and President Truman removed it.
While the navy has had a se-
Iective system of promotion, the
new law introduces this arrange-
nent into the grade of admiral.
Hereafter to stay in that rank, an
officer must justify his retention
after each four years of service.
The new law abolishes the rank
of five star "general of the army"
and "admiral of the fleet" during
peacetime except for the eight in-
dividuals now holding that rank.
It limits four star officers (ad-
miral and general) to five for the
army, four for the navy, four for
the air force and one for the mar-
me corps.
4Board Finds
Woods Guilty
Brings Involuntary
Manslaughter Charge
-An Army court martial today
found Pvt. Lemas Woods, of De-
troit, guilty of involuntary man-
slaughter for the fatal shooting
of a fellow soldier in Manila,
March 23, 1946.
He was immediately sentenced
to a dishonorable discharge and
three years at hard labor.

It was Woods' second trial on
murder charges preferred in the
shooting of Pfc. Thomas Patter-
son of Suffolk, Va. He was con-
victed and sentenced to hang by
a Manila court martial May 1,
1946, but the trial findings were
disapproved by President Tru-
man and a new trial was ordered
by Army Judge Advocate General.
The verdict of the court is sub-
ject to review by General Mark W.
Clark, who may, under the articles
of war, revise it downward but
flay not increase it.
Institute To Hold
Second Pro ram
Six speakers will be presented
today in the second program of a
School Secretaries Institute, now
in progress at the University.
DuI'ing the morning, Dr. T. Lu-
ther Purdom and Miss Mildred D.
Wehher nf the Riireau of Annoint-

Relief Due in Fall Term
For Crowded Engineers
Aeronautical, Electrical Staffs Will Share
New Addition to East Engineering Building
Despite a record enrollment of 4,000, the whole engineering col-
lege will breathe easier this fall with the completion of the new ad-
dition to the East Engineering Building.
Although space will be still at a premium in the engineering col-
lege, slide-rule-pushing students and faculty are expected to find some
relief in the expanded facilities.
The new building will be shared by the aeronautical and electrical,
engineering departments. Hitherto the aeronautical engineering de-
partment has been located largely in the basement of East Engineer-
ing Building and the electrical en-f

Layoffs, Disputes
Idle 80,000 Men
In Auto Industry
Workers Keep Murray Plant Closed
In Battle To Avoid Taft-Hartley Law

gineering department has been
scattered in at least four differ-
ent places around campus.
The aeronautical department
will expand into the 'basement,
first and fourth floors of the new
building, and the electrical engi-
neers will take over most of the
rest of the building including the
Prof. Emerson Conlon, chairman
of the aeronautical engineering
department, is looking forward to
getting a glimpse of the "wild
blue yonder." He hopes the fac-
ulty will finally be able to "see
an airplane in flight."
No "Extra" Space
Not everyone is happy about the
new building, however, for there
is no "extra" space; in fact every
corner will be crowded to capacity.
The Michigan Technic has already
been rejected in an attempt to se-
cure office space there. Almost
every department in the college
was involved in a merry scramble
for office space when it was learn-
ed that the new facilities would
be available in the fall.
But at last the long-suffering
electrical engineers will be able
to consolidate. At the present
time the department is located in
two buildings, with the electrical
measurement room near the Arch,
the dynamos and offices on the
second floor of West Engineering
Building, the electronics in a
See EAST, Page 4
Willow Villagc e
To Have New
Police Force
Four additional policement will
be assigned to the Washtenaw
County Sheriff's Office for duty
in Willow Village, Frank Murphy,
of the Willow Village Council, an-
nounced yesterday.
An agreement, reached among
Detroit officials of the FPHA, rep-
resentatives of the sheriff's office,
the county Board of Supervisors
and the police committee of the
Willow Village Council, Murphy
said, provide: for two patrol cars
and a man on duty in the office
at all- times.
The number of additional po-
aicemen may be reduced to three
if FPHA will establish a direct tel-
ephone line between Willow Vil-
lage and the sheriff's office in
Ann Arbor, Murphy explained,
citing present difficulties in con-
tacting deputies. The procedure
for getting police aid has formerly
involved a call relayed through
Ann Arbor, and finally to the pa-
Willow Village has had neither
partol cars nor officers walking
beats until now. While the ratio
of policemen to population in
most urban districts is about one
to 1,000, 12,000 citizens in the
Village have had five policemen
Javailable only part of the time.

Ch urclill Will
Try To BlocK
Objects to Proposed
Economic Solution
LONDON, Aug. 7-(OP)--Win-
ston Churchill gave notice tonight
that his Conservatives will try to
throw out the Labor Govern-
ment's request for what he called
"'unlimited and undefined pow-
ers" to deal with Britain's eco-
nomic difficulties.
The Churchill motion to reject
the government-proposed legisla-
tion was brought forward at the
height of a crucial House of Com-
mons debate on Prime Minister
Attlee's rigorous strength -
through-sacrifice program.
Recess Postponed
Parliament's scheduled adjourn-
ment for a summer recess was
postponed from tomorrow until
next Wednesday, however, to al-
low time for passage of the "cri-
sis bill," and it seemed certain to
pass. Although Conservative
spokesmen said their party would
vote solidly against it, Labor's
large majority seemed sufficient.
The bill would reinforce and
extend the government's power-
retained from war time-to direct
labor into "necessary" industries,
intervene in "inefficient" indus-
tries and otherwise take steps
deemed necessary for the national
Churchill's counter-move came
along with three significant de-
velopments in the government's
struggle against an intensifying
1. Chancellor of the Exchequer
Hugh Dalton announced in the
House of Commons a further cut
in the armed forces. Service per-
sonnel will be reduced to 870,000
by the end of 1948, he said. This
compared with the goal, announc-
ed only yesterday by Attlee, of a
reduction to 1,007,0000 by the end
of next March. The armed forces
now number about 1,300,000.
2., The British treasury an-
nounced that 75 per cent of the
earnings of foreign films-most of
them produced in Hollywood-
would be taken by' the govern-
ment in the form of taxes.
3. The executive of the National
Union of Mine workers recom-
mended that miners, on a five-day
week since spring after the gov-
ernment took over the pits, work
at least two Saturdays a month.
Government Budget
1Disputing Republican economy
claims, President Truman an-
nounced today that he has or-
dered "a detailed and exhaustive
study of all the facts" of govern-
ment spending.

attorney, Howard Slack (right) confer as Sen. Owen Brewster (R-Me.) testifies before the Senate
War Investigations sub-committee. Brewster acknowledged that he and Hughes talked by telephone
last March 3 about a "merger" of Hughes' TWA airline with Pan American.
S *e *
Huohes Flinos ASK SPARING USE:
New Charges Officials Act To Save City's
At Brewster Critically Low Water Supply


of Investigation
by Committee

WASHINGTON, Aug. 7-()-
The Hughes-Brewster battle came
to a stormy, inconclusive close to-
night after Howard Hughes flung
out fresh accusations of "lies" and
"ulterior motives" in a Senate in-
vestigation of his war contracts.
Senator Brewster (R-Me), chair-
man of the Senate War Investi-
gating Committee, stood on his
denial that he had offered to call
off the inquiry if Hughes would
agree to merge his Trans-World
Airline with Pan American air-
ways. -
And by agreement of the two
antagonists, the committee closed
that phase of its inquiry after two
tense days - the sworn charge1
and its sworn denial standing on'
the record.
The committee will turn tomor-
row morning to the investigation1
of Hughes' $18,000,000 cargo plane
contract, and then go into the
$22,000,000 photo reconnaissance
plane contract.
This also happened in a day
that produced threats to clear the
hearing room, a protest from a
youthful spectator, and hints of
contempt action against Hughes
that never blossomed.
Today's Action
1. Hughes challenged Brewster
o repeat under oath that a TWA
hostess had confided she was
afraid to be on a plane alone
with Hughes. Brewster didn't im-
2. Brewster vigorously disclaim-
ed any "improprieties." He said
he never tried to accelerate or
retard the Hughes inquiry and
never lobbied with Hughes for a
single overseas airline.
3. Brewster declared he "ab-
solutely" has "no interest of any
character" in Pan American. He
told of accepting some trips,
breakfasts and a football ticket.
Hughes' reading of a statement
charging Brewster with uttering
"untruths" brought an angry pro-
test from Brewster who demanded
to know whether it was Hughes'
own or whether Cary Byoir, pub-
lic relations man, had prepared it.
Hughes acknowledged assistance
from his attorney and Byoir in
preparing questions fired at Brew-
ster but declared the statement
was his own.
FDR Supported
Cargo Plane-Elliot
Elliott Roosevelt says his father,
the late President Roosevelt, acted
"in direct opposition" to the in-
terests of photo reconnaissance in
permitting the Hughes aircraft
company to continue building a
cargo plane during the war.
Roosevelt made his statement
in a talk recorded yesterday for
broadcast over WINX tonight.
Asked if the White House had
extered influence in the award of
some $40,000,000 worth of air-
plane contracts, to H o w a r d
Hihes. multimillionaire Holly-

Ann Arbor's water supply re-
mained critically low yesterday as
University and city officials com-
plied with the Ann Arbor Water
Department's request to use wat-
er sparingly.
Buildingand Grounds uperin-
Blueprints W ill'
BeNeeded for
Stadium Seats
Students who desire football
tickets in the fall must bring
their blueprints with their regis-
tration material when they regis-
ter and classify, Dick Kelly, sum-
mer Student Legislature President+
announced yesterday.
In order to carry out the dis-
tribution plan, formulated by the
Student Legislature and accepted
last spring by the Board in Con-
trol of Intercollegiate Athletics,
the student's class in the Univer-
sity will be stamped on his athletic
coupon, Kelly said.
The plan calls for ticket distri-
bution to students based on the
number of semesters completed at
the University. Blueprints will be
required before the class in stamp-
ed on the coupon, to eliminate the
possibility of fraud, he emphasiz-
Under the new plan, students
will receive 1,826 seats nearer to
the center of the field than the
plan in operationallowed last fall.
Students who wish to sit to-
gether will receive seats in the
secton assigned to, the lotwst.
category of the members' group.
Married students applying for
seatsfor their wives will receive
tickets forthe next lowesttcate-
gory unless both are attending
the University. in this case the
rule outlined above will hold.
A long-standing alumni com-
plaint was satisfied by the assign-
ing of one section inside the goal
lines for alumni who want indiv-
idual tickets. Such seats were for-
merly available in the end zone.
President Names Ching
Mediation Service Head
President Truman today named
Cyrus S. Ching to head the gov-
ernment's new independent med-
iation service under the Taft-
Hartley Act.
The President also named Ray-
mond Foley of Michigan as ad-
ministrator of, the Housing and
Home Finance agency under pro-
visions of reorganization plan No.
3 approved last month by the sen-
Franklin D. Richards of Utah,
Commissioner of the Federal
Housing Administration.
Dillon S. Myer of Ohio, Com-
missioner of the Public Housing

tendent Walter M. Roth said that
the University was cooperating
fully with city water-saving meas-
A check of the campus area
showed that drinking fountains
and sprinklersdwere dry. Even
"Sunday Morning in Deep Wat-
ers" near League, with all its fish-
head sprayers, was silent yester-
The Ann Arbor Water Depart-
ment reported that water-saving
rules-especially the no sprink-
ling rue-are being observed. The
Department stated the water sup-
ply will be normal again when the
hot spell breaks, allowing reser-
voirs to be brought back to nor-
Help for the city water supply
today in the form of local thun-
dershowers is predicted by the U.S.
Weather Bureau. After a rec-
ord high (for the summer) Wed-
nesday of 94 degrees, the weather
bureau announced late yesterday
that the midwest heat wave is def-
initely broken, following storms in
the.Chicago area.
Another check of Health Service
records revealed that still no cases
of extreme sunburn or heat ex-
haustion have been treated. Earl-
ier in the week Health Service of-
ficials said that a prolonged hot
spell is generally required before
heat cases are reported.
Phi Kappa Phi
To Initiate 11
Phi Kappa Phi, all-campus hon-
or society, will hold an initiation
luncheon for 11 students at 12:30
p.m. today in Rm. 101 of the Un-
Warren R. Good, instructor in
the education school, will address
the chapter. Members of the so-
ciety are chosen during their sen-
ior year by a faculty committee
for scholarship, contributions to
the University and activities.
Character and scholarship in col-
lege students are the society's
prime objectives.
The initiates and their home-
towns are: Cecil Bull, Missoula,
Mont.; Ronald Isbell, Ann Arbor;
Ann Jewett, Clarks Summit, Pa.,;
Albert Lang, Detroit; Alvin La-
Vine, Aberdeen S.D.; Aline Lynch,
Monroe; John Pursley, Ann Ar-
bor; Beatrice Seece, Detroit; Ger-
trude Tew, Lake Odessa; Arden
Walker ,Toledo, Ohio; and Will-
.iam Wolfinger, Holland, Mich.
U. S. Offer Accepted
BATAVIA, Java, Aug. 7-(.P)-
Indonesian Premier Amir Spari-
foeddin formally accepted today
the United States offer of its good
offices in the Dutch-Indonesian
conflict but urged that American
influence be used to obtain an in-
ternational arbitration commis-

By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Aug. 7-More than
80,000 of the nation's auto-
motive workers were idle today
as the result of a combination of
labor disputes, materials short-
ages and absenteeism, the latter
ascribed somewhat broadly to ex-
cessive heat.
Production figures compiled by
the trade paper Automotive News
were 76,647 units this week com-
pared with last week's 95,711.
Lay-offs for 55,500 Ford, Mer-
cury and Lincoln plant workers
and 10,000 Studebaker Corp.
Hour-rated employes have been
attributed by management
spokesmen to a strike of 7,00
Murray Corporation of America
production men.
At the Murray plants, closed for
two weeks, the CIO United Auto
Workers union is demanding im-
munity from a provision of the
Taft-Hartley labor law which
gives employers the right to sue
unions whose members engage in
unauthorized strikes.
Briggs Manufacturing Co. sent
5,600 employes home today after
about 1,000 failed to report for
work. This in turn forced Pack-
ard Motor Car Co. to close its fin-
al assembly lines until next Tues-
day and idle 1,500 of its workers.
Briggs management spokesmen
attributed it to "the heat."
Also attributed to the heat by
management spokesmen was a
walkout of 1,800 workers in Chrys-
ler Corporation's gear and axle
plant and DeSoto car division.
Management and union nego-
tiators apparently were as far
apart as ever in the Murray
dispute. ,When a conference
broke up yesterday both sides
had turned down counter pro-
posals and no date was set for
a resumption of the meetings.
Some hopes had been held that
a work resumption at Murray
might be arranged on the terms
that averted a strike of 107,000
Ford employes over the same issue
earlier this week. The Ford UAW-
CIO conferees agreed to turn the
Taft-Hartley law dispute over to
a four-man board which may
function for a year.
A continuance of the Murray
tie-up eventually may affect
several other car and truck
makers who obtain truck
frames, body components and
springs from that supplier.
Murray is a volume supplier of
cushion seat springs to Chrys-
ler's Dodge passenger car divi-

000 of its workers next Tuesday
They will have lost three working
days and about 9,000 passenger
cars will have been lost to the in
dustry's production total.
Ford announced its Chester, Pa.,
assembly plant will remain closed
until next Wednesday due to a
continued shortage of critical
body parts.
The shutdown, which began at
the close of work yesterday, in-
volves approximately 2,000 of the
plant's 2,600 employes.
Greek Victims
Given Shelter
By Yugoslavs
Republic Provides
Lodging forRefugees
SKOPLJE, Yugoslavia, Aug. 6--
(Delayed) -(AP)-Actingspresident
Ljubco Arsov of Yugoslav Mace-
donia said today his republic was
sheltering more than 20,000 ref-
ugees from what he termed
"M o n a r c h o-fascist terror" in
"Very few of the refugees are
physically able to work," he said
in an interview. "The majority are
old men, women and children. The
republic helps provide them with
food and lodging."
Denounces 'Lies'
Arsov denounced as "monarcho-
fascist lies" recent foreign reports
that an international brigade was
forming in Yugoslavia for action
against the Greek government and
that continued civil war in Greece
had been incited from Yugoslav
(The official Greek version laid
before the United Nations was that
elements of an international bri-
gade were in southern Albania-
not Yugoslavia. A UN subcom-
mission later reported it could find
little "first hand evidence" of such
a brigade. The UN main border
commission which visited the Bal-
kans in the spring returned a re-
port holding Yugoslavia, Albania
and Bulgaria primarily responsi-
ble for the strife along Greece's
northern border.)
'Policy of Peace'
Arsov asserted that the unified
foreign policy of six "people's re-
publics" which make up the fed-
eral Yugoslav state, of which Mac-
edonia, of South Serbia, is one,
was a "policy of ,peace."
Asked whether Macedonia had
ambitionstto acquire Macedonian
territory that is now Greek, ArĀ°-
sov replied:
"Marshall Tito has never made
any territorial claims regarding
Aegean Macedonia,"
He said the Macedonian cam-
paign to erase illiteracy among
252,000 of the total populationo
less than 1,000,000 already had
produced "no small success."
He said plans were being made
for large investments for draining
swamps and extending irrigation,
thus to bring 150,000 to 175,000
acres under cultivation in the
mountainous republic.
Arsov said Macedonia was try-
ing to build up industry and no
longer had chronic unemployment
but that 'jobs are looking for
He estimated that postwar la-
bor legislation had raised the in-
come of Macedonian workers "at
least 100 per cent" and given
them social insurance as well.
Libraries Will Be
Subject of Survey
The public library and its place

be the subject of a national sur-
vey to be conducted by the Uni-
versity Survey Research Center,
Dr. Rensis Likert, director, an-
nounced yesterday.
Object of the survey will be to
learn how many and what kinds
of persons use the public library

plans due
tion Ford

a further change in
to the materials situa-
will recall at least 51,-



World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Aug. 7-All work was stopped, traffic was halted,
and shops were closed for three hours today in the Jewish towns and
villages of Palestine, as a protest against a roundup'by British offi-
cials of about 40 Jewish leaders in an attempt to halt terrorism.
GANDER, Nfld., Aug. 7-William P. Odom headed across the
Atlantic in his twin-engined bombshell tonight on the second lap
of his effort to cut in half the round-the-world flight record set
by the late Wiley Post.
* * * *
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7-The World Bank today granted a loan
of $195,000,000 to the Netherlands government "exclusively for re-i
construction of productive facilities in the Netherlands homeland."
* * * *

Casbah To Hold
Weekend Dances
The Casbah is offering a pre-
view of leap year with a Sadie
Hawkins dance to be held from
9 p.m. to midnight today.
Catherine Tillotson, Casbah
chairman, has announced that
the purpose of the dance is to af-
ford students with some much
needed relaxation before the ex-
am period begins. To this end
the dance will have an informal
air and students attending may
wear jeans or old clothes if they
Al Chase and his band will play
for the dance. Couples and stags
may attend, and the coke bar will
be open for refreshments.
In addition the Casbah will hold
its last dance of the season from
9 p.m. to midnight tomorrow.

ADASeeks To Oranize True Liberals

LANSING, Aug. 7-A claim of appeal to the State Supreme
Court was filed today by the Detroit Board of Education in its
fight to invalidate sections of the state school aid appropriation

1 1


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