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August 01, 1947 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1947-08-01

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CONSERVATIVE
DILEMMA
See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State

a it

GENERALLY

FAIR

VOL. LVII, No. 27S
OfferbyFord
Will By-Pass
Labor Statute
Possible Walkout
Forces Proposal
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, July 31-The Ford
Motor Company offered tonight to
ignore damage suit provisions of
the Taft-Hartley Labor Law if its
107,000 organized workers gave
certain pledges in return.
Henry Ford II, president of the
company, announced the offer
through company offices here af-
ter a conference with CIO Presi-
dent Philip Murray earlier in the
day.
Ford acted in the face of a
strike threat from the CIO Unit-
ed Auto Workers, who will decide
Saturday on a proposal to walk
out at Ford plants, probably next
week.
Ford, in a statement, laid down
the following proposal:
"We have, to be specific, pro-
posed that the company will agree
not to institute suit against the
union for damages arising out
of illegal strikes under the follow-
ing 'good faith' conditions.
'Good Faith' Conditions
"1. If the union has not inspired
or authorized such an illegal
strike,, and
"2. If the union will agree
promptly to denounce publicly
such an illegal strike, and
"3. If the union and its respon-
sible officers and agents will agree
to use prompt and honest effort
to prevent or end any such illegal
strike, and
"4. If the impartial umpire who,
by agreement with the union, de-
cides other points of difference
arising out of our contract and
who has always had the complete
confidence of both the union and
the company, can be the final
judge as to whether the union has
taken these reasonable steps in
regard to illegal strikes."
41,000 Workers Idle
Ford made public its proposal to
the union at a time when the
auto industry was seriously troub-
led with 41,000 workers idle in
strikes and layoffs.
Figuring prominently in this
was the week-old strike of 7000
Murray Corp. of America CIO
workers who also are demanding
contract protection from finan-
cial liability suits under the Taft-
Hartley Law.
Automobile production continu-
ed to encounter handicaps at sev-
eral places.
Studebaker Shut-Down
At South Bend, Ind., the Stude-
baker Corp. announced it would
shut down its passenger car lines
Tuesday for an indefinite period
and its truck assembly line Wed-
nesday for a week.
Both the Studebaker closing, af-
fecting 10,000 workers, and a pro-
posed cutback Monday in Dodge
truck porduction, affecting 1,300
employes, as well as most of the
current layoffs, were attributed to
the CIO United Auto Workers
strike at the Murray Corp. of
America.
Soviet Film

Will BeGiven
At Hill Today
Nikolai Cherkassov and Lud-
milla Tselikovskaya will star in
"Ivan the Terrible," Soviet film
biography of the notorious Rus-
sian Czar. to be presented by the
Art Cinema League at 8:30 p.m.
today and tomorrow at Hill Aud-
itorium.
The picture, which features mu-
sic by the noted Soviet composer
Sergei Prokofieff, is directed by
Sergei Eisenstein, known to the
American audience by the popu-
lar picture "Alexander Nevsky,"
which he also directed.
Background
Ivan the *Terrible reigned in a
period when the political situa-
tion in Russia was exceedingly
tangled. In 16th century Russia,
just as in many countries of west-
ern Europe, a struggle was being
waged against the reactionary
forces of feudalism. The basic
story of "Ivan the Terrible" is the

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1947 PRICE FMK

'E CENTS

Dewey Winds Up Tour
With Visit To'U' Caimpus

Governor Revisits Scenes of
Days; Discusses Everything

His College
But Politics

The man who said "it's time for a change" back io 1944 looked
over the Michigan campus yesterday and found there have been quite
a few changes since hegraduated here in 1923.
Accompaniel by his wife, his two sons, Thomas E., Jr., 14, and
John, 11, and secretary Paul Lockwood, and followed by local news-
papermen and photographers, Governor Thomas E. Dewey strolled
through the West Quadrangle, stopped briefly at the Student Publi-
cations Building and visited the Law Quadrangle.
Laughing easily with interviewing newsmen and old friends who

Five Jews Killed
By British Troops
In Palestine Fight
18 Wounded in Tel Aviv Retaliation
For Two Hangings by Zionist Gang
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, July 31-The hanging of two British sergeants and
the booby trap mutilation of their bodies by a Zionist underground
gang brought a bloody response from enraged British troops tonight as
five Jews were killed and at least 18 wounded by gunfire from armored
cars in the streets of Tel Aviv.
The blackened and bloody bodies of the two 20-year-old sergeants,
Clifford Martin and Mervyn Paice, who were seized as hostages by
Irgun Zvai Leumi nearly three weeks ago, were found today swinging
at the end of nooses in an eucalyptus grove south of Natanya. A booby
trap exploded and scattered bits

Dutch Army
Wins Capitol
Of Indonesia
Other Columns Race
To South Java Port
BATAVIA, Java, July 31-(G')-
The scorched, dead city of Mal-
ang, seat of the Indonesian Re-
public's parliament, fell to the
Dutch today, the Netherlands
army announced, and other Dutch
columns raced toward the blaz-
ing town of Tjilatjap, chief Re-
publican port on the south Java
coast.
A high Dutch official said
Dutch columns spearing south-
ward across west central Java
from Tegal were within 20 miles
of Tjilatjap, the last important
Republican held port in Java. A
republican commumque acknow-
ledged tonight that Dutch columns
were "advancing" on two fronts
south from Tegal.
Eighty Per Cent Chance
This official said there was an
"eighty percent chance" that, oth-
er Dutch troops already had, or
by tomorrow would have, landed
on the south coast near Tjiltjap
to seize the port and prevent fur-
ther destruction. Capture of this
port would cut the Indonesian
Republic in two virtually at its
center.
Semi-official Dutch dispatches
considered the key to east central
from the resort city of Malang,
Java, said: "the town is a wild-
erness. Important buildings, fac-
tories, convents, cinemas were
blown up days ago. Shops have
been pillaged and the city is dead."
Strafed by Planes
An earlier communique from the
Indonesian army said the city had
been under Dutch mortar fire and
had been strafed by Netherlands
planes. One hundred thousand
Indonesians were reported to have
fled the city ahead of the oncom-
ing Dutch troops.
*. k
Asks UN Action'
On I ndonesa
LAKE SUCCESS, July 31-P)~-
Australia today demanded that
the Security Council take immed-
iate steps to stop hostilities in In-
donesia but the Netherlands
quickly countered that the United
Nations had no jurisdiction in the
fighting there.
Greece hurled direct charges of
aggression against Albania, Yu-
goslavia and Bulgaria as a fol-
low-up to Russia's veto of the Bal-
kan solution offered by the United
States.
With the two complaints of
aggression on the table before
them, delegates finally adjourned
until tomorrow without any de-
cisions and without any discussion
on the Greek charges.

greeted him, Dewey set out to
show his sons some of the high-
lights of the campus where he
hopes they will come to college
in a few years. Dewey explained
that "the only colleges they know
anything about are out East
where their friends go."
The younger Deweys got a
quick look at the Quad dining
rooms and a glance at a roomin
Allen-Rumsey House. One of
the occupants of the room is a.
Democrat.
At the Student Publications
Building, the Dewey family got
a "tourist's view" of The Daily
city room. The New York Gov-
ernor declined to pose for photo-
graphers at the night desk be-
cause "I was never a night editor."
Dewey was formerly telegraph ed-
itor of The Daily.
The West Quadrangle and the
Student Publications Building
were not in existence when
Dewey was a student here. The
Law Quadrangle was under con-
struction at the time.
Unexpectedly, Dewey expressed
a desire to see the medical build-
ings. His younger son, John, has
ambitions of being a doctor some
day. Prof. Russell T. Woodburne
of the anatomy department oblig-
ingly produced several "cadavers"
-"siffs" in the terminology of the
former District Attorney-at the
East Medical Building.
The Dewey party, including
James Hagerty, press secretary,
and a group of ten or twelve East-
ern newspapermen entrained last
night in Detroit for Albany wheie
they will arrive this morning.
Earlier yesterday ',fternoon,
the Dewey family werf guests
at a luncheon in the Union.,
Other guests included meAbers
of the Board of Regents and
University administrators. Vis-
iting and local newsmen were
guests of the University News
and Information Service at an-
other luncheon in the Union.
Following the luncheon, Dewey
was surrounded by local reporters
and popping flash bulbs-but
there were no politics discussed.
Dance To Be
Held Tonight
The weatherman promises fair
skies and a full moon for the,
Moonlight Dance to be held from
9 p.m. to midnight today in the
parking lot between the chemistry
and Natural Science Buildings.
Al Chase and his band will fur-
nish the music and there will be
special outdoor arrangements to
complete the atmosphere of the
dance. A coke bar will be provid-
ed for refreshments.
The dance is sponsored by the
League, Union, Student Legisla-
ture, Inter-Racial Association and
American Veterans' Committee. In
the event of rain the dance will
move indoors to the League Ball-
room.
Phil Licht of the American Vet-
erans' Committee advises stud-
ents attending to pre-wax their
shoes.
The Dance will be open to the
public.

JAVANESE CHILDREN REPAIR WAR-DAMAGED ROAD-A group of children recruited by the
Dutch work on the repair of roadway blown up by Indonesian troops in west Java during current
fighting. Dutch troops and an armored weapon carrier (background) keep guard while work on road

progresses.
IN BATTLE DRESS:

Festival of Nations To Feature
Greek Guerilla Band's Dance,

By ALLEGRA PASQUALETTI
A dance of the Greek guerrillas
who fought against the Germans
during World War II will be per-
formed by Nicholas Nitsis, a form-
er member of the guerrilla forces,
Meat Prices
May Go DLown
In Fall,_Winter
WASHINGTON, July 31-(P)--
The Agriculture Department said
tonight meat prices may come
down in the fall and winter, but
the amount will be governed
largely by consumers themselves.
It said that if demad for meat
continues strong, the price decline
may be modest. But prices would
drop substantially by late in the
year, it added, should consumer
incomes and spending decline
materially.
The department made no fore-
cast as to future consumer de-
mand and income. It noted that
employment and national income
have risen to record heights.
Marketings Will Increase
The prediction of possible
lower prices is based on prospects
that marketings of slaughter hogs
and cattle will increase in thL fall
and reach a peak in the winter.
The normal fall increase in beef
produced from grass-fed cattle
may be a little later than usual,
the department said because of
the excellent condition of pas-
tures this year.
Lighter in Weight
The depa tment said hog mar-
ketings are ikely to be somewhat
greater during the October-March
period than a year earlier, but
that the animals may be lighter in
weight unless an unusually large
quantity of this year's corn turns
out to be of high moisture con-
tent, requiring heavymfeeding dur-
ing the winter to prevent its
spoilage.
World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 31-The
Dominican embassy said tonight
a three-ship expedition left from
Cuba last night or this morning
to invade the Dominican Repub-
lic.
Jose Vega, secretary to the am-
bassador, told newsmen the "ex-
pedition" was composed of two
landing barges and one corvette
equipped with cannon and ma-
chine guns.
ANCHORAGE, ALASKA, July
31-Eight Texas-based B-29
Superfortresses striving for a
new distance and speed record
landed here today on a one-stop
flight from Tokyo to Washing-
ton.
ROME, July 31-With Comi-

at the Festival of Nations, 8 p.m.,
August 10, in Hill Auditorium,
Nitsis who is studying electrical1
engineering ' at the University,
came to the United States from
Greece nine months ago. He serv-
ed with the guerrillas for a year
during the German occupation,
joining them after he witnessed
the massacre of 80 men of his vil-
lage by the German army.
Guerrilla Activities
The guerrillas were civilian
groups which, under the name of
Nation Movement of Liberation,
fought to free Greece, Nitsis ex-
plained. Many of the fighters were
students and the leaders were
often priests and teachers, he said.
Their principal activities were des-
troying communications, depriving
the Germans of sources of food
and supplies, and operating a spy
ring to discover movements of oc-
cupation forces. They also stole
food from the German supply de-
pots to help feed the starving
people. The groups were so active
that they kept 80 to 100 thousand
soldiers busy fighting them, Nitsis
asserted.
The dance which Nitsis will per-
form is known as the "Tzamiko."
The guerrillas danced and sang
before battle to build up their
courage, then charged when they
had developed the proper fighting
spirit. If they won the battle they
danced again to celebrate the vic-
tory.
Battle Costume
Nitsis will wear the traditional
battle dress of the Greek guer-
rilla, the "foustanella." It con-
sists of a skirt with 300 pleats,
velveteen bolero, white shirt with
y little pockets for cartridges,
long white stockings and pigskin
"tsarouhi" which serve as shoes.
This costume was worn during the
War of Liberation in 1821, and by
the guerrilla fighters in World War
II,
Two other Greek patriotic dan-
ces, the "Kalamatianos" and the
"Syrettos," which were developed
during the War of Liberation will
be performed by the Sons and
Daughters of St. Nicholas. The
dances were used by the guerrillas
to pass time and keep up their
courage when surrounded by the
Turks. "Their movements indicate
the glorious desire of the heroes"
according to Father S. M. Sopho-
clese of St. Nicholas Greek Ortho-
dox Church.
The "Syrettos" commemorates
the women of Souli, a battle which
was the Bunker Hill of Greece,
Father Sophoclese said. The
women, who were surrounded on
the top of Mt. Souli by the Turks,
fought almost to the last woman,
and then rather than surrender
threw themselves over a cliff, he
explained.

Sen. Taft Says
CIO Controls
Truman Acts
Calls for Republican
President in 1948
COLUMBUS, O., July 31-(l)-
Senator Taft (R-Ohio) declared
tonight President Truman "is still
dominated by the principles of the
CIO" and the only way to get
cooperation on domestic problems'
and redeem what he called a "be-
fuddled foreign policy" is to elect
a Republican president in 1948.
He asserted he is "not happy
about the country's foreign pol-
icy"; that, the administration's
Germany policy "has wrecked the
economy of Europe and now we
are called upon for cash from our
taxpayers to remedy the break-
down."
Taft, endorsed earlier in the
day by the Ohio Republican state
committee and the state's GOP
delegation in Congress for his
party's presidential nomination
next year, criticized the presi-
dent in both the foreign and
domestic field and indicated this
would be his line of attack when
he takes the stump in September.
The senior Senator at an af-
ternoon news conference thanked
his fellow Republicans for their
endorsement and said he would
make a definite decision whether
to run Oct. 3 when he returns
from his western speaking trip.
All signs ndicate he will make
the race.
At tonight's rally, attended by
1,300 Republicans from Ohiodand
near-by states, Taft praised the
record of the Republican-con-
trolled Congress session just fin-
ished. He struckvigorously at
what he called its Communist and
New Deal critics.
Injunction Suit
Will BeHeard
The trades union injunction
suit, involving the Home Realty
Company and AFL representatives,
will be heard at 10:30 a.m. today
by Washtenaw County Circuit
Judge James R. Breakey Jr., af-
ter a second postponement yester-
day.
The show cause order has been
the subject of widespread specu-
lation concerning possible viola-
tions of the Taft-Hartley Labor
Relations Act. The Home Realty
Company, represented by R. Dun-
can Hole, is asking $10,000 dam-
ages.
The hearing was scheduled for
11:00 a.m. yesterday, but Judge
Breakey adjourned after lawyers
reported "some progress" in con-
ferences with construction and
union men. About 50 men, report-
edly union members, were pre-
sent at the scheduled time yes-
terday.

of flesh for 100 yards when the
first body was cut down.
Following the finding of the
bodies, the terror-racked Holy
Land waited in fear that new acts
of reprisal and counter-reprisal
would far exceed the violence of
the past several weeks.
Palestinians did not have long
to wait and tonight, a reliable
source said, Jews and British
soldiers clashed in the streets of
the all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv
and indiscriminate shooting be-
gan from armored cars.
The raking of two buses by gun-t
fire caused most of the casualties,
the source said. Three persons
were killed in one bus and one in
another, while a fifth person died
in a hospital of bullet wounds. At
one time, eight armored cars
opened up with their guns, the in-
formant reported.
Prior to the soldiers' gunfire
raid in Tel Aviv, five British sol-
diers stopped their jeep on a
street of the Jewish city and
began attacking Jews with
sticks and stones. The streets
quickly were emptied of pedes-
trians and motor traffic. Busi-
ness establishments closed their
doors and public transportation
ground to a halt.
A Tel Aviv cafe was shot up
and windows in buildings along
the length of one street were
smashed. Armored cars were the
only vehicles in sight.
Some Tickets
Remain for
Current Play
Tickets to the matinee per-
formance of the Michigan Reper-
tory Players' production of "Tem-
per the Wind" to be presented at
2:30 p.m. tomorrow at Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre are still
available.
The play, which will also be
presented at 8:30 p.m. today and
tomorrow, will feature Richard
Stewart and William Kinzer in
the leading roles.
Dorothy M u r zak Gotekunst,
Ward Alquist and Emily Jams
are other members of the cast.
The drama, written by Edward
Mabley and Leonard Mins, marks
the fourth in the summer series
presented by the Players.
Concerned with current prob-
lems of the American occupation
of Germany, as reflected in a small
manufactur'ing city in northwest-
ern Bavaria, the play opened on
Broadway last year.
It deals with the specific prob-
lems which face the military gov-
ernment administrator in his at-
tempts to denazify and democrat-
ize the town.
His greatest obstructionists aie,
'oddly enough, two Americans-a
bored soldier and an ambitious
business man.
The productions will be directed
by Prof. William P. Hastead of
the speech department.
Tickets may be purchased at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
box-office.

Hughes Gets
Subpena from
Senate Group
Plane Builder Calls
Act 'Circus Ballyhoo
WASHINGTON, July 31-(P)--
The Senate War Investigating
Committee got out a subpoena for
Howard Hughesutonight and the
plane-builder, in Los Angeles,
called it "circus ballyhoo."
These developments followed a
hearing today which developed
testimony that the government
may have to pay Hughes an extra
$2,000,000 before it ever gets the
huge flying boat ordered 'from
him, and that the joint chiefs of
staff had opposed diversion of'
scarce materials to such cargo
craft.
Called To Appear
The subpoena calling for
Hughes to appear "forthwith"
was issued after Senator Fergu-
son (R-Mich.); hairman of the
subcommittee holding the hear-
ings, said he could get no definite
reply to a request for Hughes'
voluntary appearance.
Hughes issued a statement, in
turn, saying he will appear here
Wednesday, that pressure of busi-
ness will prevent his going sooner,
and that Brewster and Ferguson
are trying to make it appear they
"are hot on the trail of an escap-
ing criminal."
Ferguson told reporters he had
asked Thomas Slack, Hughes' at-
torney here, "to telephone Mr.
Hughes and get me a yes or no
answer on whether he would ap-
pear tomorrow," but that the
lawyer got no satisfactory reply.
Will Be in Washington
In Los Angeles Hughes said in
a statement he will be in Wash-
ington next Wednesday to answer
questions. He explained that pres-
sure of business will prevent his
going to Washington until next
week. He said Slack had made an
agreement last week with counsel
for Senator Brewster's committee
which specified he appear before
the committee Wednesday and
Thursday, August 6 and 7.
Ferguson read into the record a
DPC letter of intent which he said
gives Hughes the right to lease
the big flying boat when it is com-
pleted.
Concert to Be
Held Sunday
All-School Chorus
Gives Annual Recital
The University Summer Session
Chorus will present its annual con-
cert at 4:15 p.m. Sunday at Hill
Auditorium.
The chorus, composed of stu-
dents from all departments as well
as from the music school, will
sing a group of sacred songs,
Brahms' "Love Songs," and "A
Fable" by Dello Joio, who studied
for two years with the noted com-
poser Paul Hindemith,
Celia Chao and Elizabeth Pow-
ell, pianists. and Elizabeth Green,
violinist, will accompany the chor-
us in the Brahms' number.
"Serenade to Music," by the
noted composer Vaughn Williams,
will feature a choral quartet com-
posed of music school students
Mary Jane Allbright, Arlene Sol-
lenberger, Norris Greer and How-

DOOMED TO FAIL:
Terms Progressive Third
Party Formation Unlikely'

By IRVING KALIN
The formation of a progressive
third party in 1948 was termed
"unlikely" by Samuel J. Elders-
veld, of the political science de-
partment, in an interview yester-
day.
If by chance one is organized it
is doomed to failure, Eldersveld
declared.
The United States has a two
party system based on three poli-

"Evidence of the strength of'
these local machines was Presi-
dent Roosevelt's attempt in 1938
to purge the hardshelled reaction-
ary, southern Democrats from his
party," he said. He failed to un-
seat a single senator against whom
he threw his weight, Eldersveld
added.
It is estimated that approxi-
mately 65 per cent of the elector-
ate vote along traditional party

STILL NONCOMMITTAL:
Speaker Martin Explains to 'Liberals'

By TOM WALSH
Special To The Daily
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the seventh
in a series of interpretative articles
on political trends and personalities
in Washington by a Daily staff cor-

passed until the second session of
a Congress.
Election time doesn't come un-
til a year from next November.
Amno nha hi* cth rn

graduate would notice it. Howard
Levy, who left Ann Arbor last
winter, recently tired of living in
one room. A newspaper ad brought
seven replies in two days and
tinw,,', .nri,,d 1-,i c'f,.i n ti c now hn, up

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