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July 30, 1947 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1947-07-30

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4

A LITTLE
PARADOX
See Page 4

Li

Nw1

~aIui4

PARTLY CLOUDY,
THUNDERSHOWERS

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 25S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

I

U.S.A.-Made
Y Dutch Planes
Usedt in Java
Fighters Strafe
Enemy Airfields
By The Associated Press
BATAVIA, JAVA, July 29-
American - built Dutch fighter
planes strafed Republican air-
fields on Java today, a Republican
communique said. As the Jogjak-
arta radio announced nine per-
sons, including three British citi-
zens, were killed when an Indian
transport plane bringing medical
supplies to the Indonesians was
shot down.
The Dutch strafing attacks ap-
parently were in swift retaliation
for an Indonesian one-plane at-
tack upon Dutch-held Semarang.
The Republican communique
said two Dutch P-40's strafed
the Jogjakarta airfield, then
attacked the Soerakarta airfield
39 miles northeast of the Re-
publican capital., The Republi-
cans said the same two planes
killed two persons when they
strafed the central Javanese
village of Klaten.
A special broadcast by the Jog-
jakarta radio said the Indian
transport, a Dakota which had
taken off from Singapore with
two tons of medicine for the Re-
public, was fired upon today by
two Dutch fighters as the trans-
port approached the landing
strip at Jogjakarta.
The radio said the flight, ar-
ranged to take supplies to the In-
donesian Red Cross, had previous-
ly been cleared with the Dutch
Consul General at Singapore.
(In Singapore, H. H. Schweit-
zer, representative for the Inter-
national Red Cross, said the Da-
kota reported shot down at Jogja-
karta was not sponsored by Inter-
national Red Cross.)
The official spokesman of the
Netherlands East Indies Gov-
ernment in Batavia said Dutch
military headquarters had no
report of any plane being shot
down at Jogakarta. He said
Dutch fighter planes had been
in action throughout Java af-
ter the Indonesian plane had
bombed Semarang but that no
report had been received on any
such action as was described by
the JogJakarta radio.
The Republican broadcast said
the Dutch fighters attacked with
machine-guns and that the trans-
port crashed in flames.
Report Britain
Planning Cut
In Armaments
LONDON, July 29-(R)-Au-
thoritative sources said today
Britain might reduce the size of
her armed forces-a step which
could have far reaching effects on
her role as a world. power-to
meet a prospective economic cris-
is this winter.
Such an action, the informants
continued, ultimately might be
coupled with a cabinet decision to
dip into Britain's "rainy day" gold
and dollar reserve of $2,560,000,-
000.
Selling Hits Markets
As signs of the nation's econ-
omic troubles multiplied, a new

wave of selling, attributed by fi-
nancial writers to fears for the
nation's future, hit London stock
markets.
Rumors spread again-and were
denied authoritatively-that Prime
Minister Attlee's Labor Govern-
ment might either call a general
election to seek a new mandate
from the people or invited the
Conservative Party to join in an
emergency coalition cabinet.
Attlee, replying to a routine par-
f liamentary question based on a
newspaper report, said in the
House of Commons: "I see start-
ling information about myself in
the newspapers which is totally
inaccurate " He did not elabor-
ate.
Montgpmery to Return
The government disclosed that
Field Marshal Viscount Montgom-
ery, chief of the Imperial General
Staff, now in New Zealand, would
cut short his Pacific tour because
of "the pressure of business in
Iondon." It was reported that
he would advise the government
on the reduction of Britain's army,

'Congress Done Splendid
Job' Michener Declares
Cites Handicaps Imposed by Legislative
Reorganization Act; Describes Own Work
By TOM WALSH
Special To The Daily
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the fifth in a series of interpretative articles
on political trends and personalities in Washington by a' Daily staff corres-
pondent.
WASHINGTON-Congress has done a splendid job this session
considering the handicap imposed upon it by the Legislative Reorgan-
ization Act, Ann Arbor's Representative Earl C. Michener said in sum-
ming up the work of the recent session.
"I helped write the reorganization act and of course I'm all for
,fit, but there are a lot of things

U.S., Bethlehem
Steel Companies
Increase. Prices

E

i -

Alma Mater
Dewey's Host
At LastStop
Family To Be Guests
Of President Ruthven
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, who
graduated from the University in
1923, will visit his alma mater to-
morrow with his family.
In keeping with Governor Dew-
ey's wishes, no formal program is
being arranged for his visit. He
and his family will be guests of
President Alexander G. Ruthven
at a private luncheon at noon, and
immediately thereafter the gov-
ernor will show his family the
campus.
They will leave for Albany via
Detroit at 4 p.m.
Governor Dewey entered the lit-
erary college in 1919 and took the
combined arts and law course. He
received his B.A. in 1923. While
attending the University, Dewey's
chief extra - curricular interest
was music. He sang a solo at his
commencement exercises, accom-
panied by Dean Earl V. Moore of
the music school.
While a student, Dewey planned
a career in music, but changed in
favor of law. He earned his law
degree at Columbia University.
Dean-emeritus Henry M. Bates,
of the law school, a long-time
friend of the Dewey family, will
be among those who will welcome
Dewey on his Ann Arbor visit. f
A group of graduate students in
the speech department will travel
to Flint today to participate in a
broadcast depicting the life and
activity of Governor Dewey.
Dewey will be honored at a ban-
quet held at the Flint City Club.
The program will originate from
the club.
As Dewey was a former Univer-
sity student and was active in
Union operas, the broadcast will
feature a record made by music
students of the musical score of
the Opera of 1921, in which Dewey
sang a solo supported by a quar-
tet.
Students who will take part in
the production today are John
Carroll, John Babington, Robert
Bousma and Barbara Jean White.
The production was planned
and directed by Tom C. Battin, in-
structor in the speech department.
* ' * .
Dewey Meeting
OWOSSO, Mich., July 29-(P)-
An "exceedingly" harmonious
meeting between Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey of New York and Michigan
Republican leaders was reported
tonight by National GOP Com-
mitteeman Arthur E. Summer-
field.
Dewey, who is campaigning for
the Republican presidential nom-
ination, met for three hours today
with state GOP leaders, including
Summerfield.
The latter said Dewey did not
ask how Michigan's delegation
would go at the 1948 national
convention. The delegate situa-
tion was not discussed, Summer-
field said.

that need changing," he told me.
To explain in some of the prob-
lems which the congressional re-
organization had produced, Mich-
ener described his own work as
chairman of the House Judiciary
Committee which now has juris-
diction over bills pertaining to
patents and trade marks, claims
against the government, the re-
vision and codification of laws,
and immigration as well as judi-
cial matters.
27 Do Work of 97
"Previously four committees
with 97 members handled the
work which one chairman and 27
members are now doing," he said.
"We now receive 52 per cent of all
bills introduced into the House.''
Particularly during the closing
weeks of the session, his job has
kept him frequently on the floor
reporting bills and seeing them
through to passage.
"Lobbies? I've never been afraid
of them," Michener smiled "My
door is always open and I like to
get all points of view but I've nev-
er promised to vote for or against
a bill until it came onto the floor
for final vote. I consider it my
duty to vote as my conscience dic-
tates for the best interests of the
people."
Congressman Since 1919
The greying, slow, quiet-speak-
ing representative from Michigan
can afford to be independent.
With the exception of one term
he has been in Congress continu-
ously since 1919.
Speaking of lobbyists from his
See CONGRESS, Page 2
Student Director
Remaining copies of the Stu-
dent Directory will go on sale
for half-price, 50 cents, today
at Union and League desks and
at the Student Publications
Building.
Reveal old on
Cargo Plane
War Contract
WASHINGTON, July 29-(P)-
Henry J. Kaiser testified today
that Admiral William D. Leahy,
Presidential Chief of Staff, flashed
the go-ahead on a multi-million
dollar wartime contract for 200-
ton cargo planes which never got
into the air to thwart the submar-
ine menace.
He also said that he obtained a
wartime order for 100 small air-
craft carriers by sending a note
to President Roosevelt after the
Navy turned thumbs down on the
contract. Kaiser declared that
these baby flat tops "practically
won the war."
Kaiser told the Senate War In-
vestigating Committee that he
did not seek White House inter-
vention to obtain the cargo plane
contract in 1942, but that War
Production Board Chairman Don-
ald M. Nelson asked him to get
Leahy's approval.
The Senate committee is inves-
tigating $40,000,000 worth of con-
tracts awarded to Kaiser, west
coast industrialist, and Howard
Hughes, Hollywood millionaire
and plane designer.

MICHIGAN GROUP AT LINCOLN CEREMONY-Looking over papers from the Lincoln collection,
opened after twenty-one years at the Library of C )ngress are members of a group from Michigan.
Left to right, front row: Thomas I. Starr, Detroit: Robert D. Hesse, Detroit; O. J. Heber, Royal Oak;
Dr. E. DeWitt Jones, Detroit; Ray H. Admas, Dea born; Frank B. Howard, Detroit; David Huth-
waite, Pontiac; back row, Richard I. Starr, Detroit ; William Springer, Detroit; Herman Smith Grand
Rapids; W. E. C. Huthwaite, Pontiac.

Complete Cycle Estimated To Take
$300,000,000 From Consumers
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, July 29-U.S. Steel Corp. and Bethlehem Steel Corp.,
producers of more than half the nation's steel, completed a cycle of
price increases today which industry sources estimated would take
more than $300,000,000 out of consumers' pocketbooks.
The new quotations probably will be translated at the retail level
into higher prices for such things as automobiles, farm equipment,
refrigerators.
Almost every company stated that higher prices were forced by
rising costs. Specifically, Irving S. Olds, U.S. Steel Corp. chairman,
stated after a meeting of "Big Steel" directors today:
"This increase in steel prices is made necessary by substan-
tially higher employment costs; the mounting costs of raw

Veto Plan for
Commission
For Balkans
U.S. Proposal Killed
By Russian Delegate
LAKE SUCCESS, July 29-(IP)
-Russia invoked the big power
veto late today to kill a United
States proposal for creation of an
11-nation Balkan border com-
mission.
The United States said the So-
viet action created a "grave sit-
uation" and obtained immediate
adjournment of the United Na-
tions Security Council to allow
delegates to consult their home
governments.
Herschel V. Johnson, deputy
Amercan delegate, served notice
at a special news conference that
the United States would immed-
iately renew its fight for a solu-
tion to Balkan disorders.
The U.N. Charter requires that
the Big Five agree on all major is-
sues so when Soviet Deputy For-
eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko
calmly raised his hand in dissent,
he killed a resolution approved by
nine of the 11 Council delegates.
Poland joined Russia in voting
against the resolution.
Gromyko attempted to get the
floor to deliver a speech he had
been writing out in long hand
throughout today's sessions but
the Council voted 8 to 1 with Po-
land dissenting to uphold the
American move to adjourn. The
next meeting was set for tomor-
row at 2 p.m., but there was some
talk in Council circles that this
session might be postponed until
delegates receive instructions.
Gromyko left U.N. headquarters
immediately after the meeting
and had no comment.
Throughout the previous de-
bates Gromyko had laid all the
blame on the present Greek gov-
ernment and defended Yugoslavia,
Albania and Bulgaria.
This was the second Russian
veto on a Balkan. commission, the
first coming Sept. 20, 1946 when
Gromyko turned down an Ameri-
can-sponsored resolution for an
investigating commission.
Reds Refuse
French Bids
LAKE SUCCESS, July 29-P)-
France made a new bid today for
Russian cooperation in the Mar-
shall Plan and the Soviet bloc an-
swered with a sharp blast at her
for injecting the American aid
plan into a United Nations de-
bate.
The main Soviet attack was de-
livered by L. 1. Kaminsky, delegate
from White Russia, who told the
Economic and Social Council that
the U.N. had been completely by-
passed on the Marshall Plan and
declared that, for that reason, the
council had no right to discuss it.
French Delegate Georges Boris
had gone into the Marshall Pro-
grain at length, but after the
strenuous White Russian attack,
no other delegate referred to it
during the 3-hour session except
Soviet Delegate Alexander P.
Morozov.
Morozov made no mention on
the new French bid for coopera
tion, declaring only that "the posi-
tion of the Soviet Union with res-
pect to the plan has been fully
stated by the Soviet Foreign Min-
ister, Mr. Molotov, at the Paris

CAUSE UNKNOWN:
Explosion in Harrisonburg,
Virginia Kills 10, Injures 30

HARRISONBURG, Va., July 291
-(P)-At least ten persons werel
killed today when an explosion'
ripped a beauty shop apart and
blew away a portion of an adjoin-
ing jewelry store in the central
business section of this Shenan-
doah Valley town.
Bodies of the first six found,
and that of another who died of
injuries in Rockingham Memorial
Hospital, were removed to the
Higgs and Lindsay funeral homes
where they were identified as wo-
men residents of the surrounding
area.
30 Persons Injured
Thirty persons were admitted
to the hospital here for injuries
and 25 remained for treatment.
As firemen and police joined
with other workers-many of
Players Group
.Will Present
Current Play~
Richard Stewart and William
Kinzer will star. in "Temper the
Wind,"~ drama of American occu-
pied Germany to be presented at
8 p.m. today through Saturday at
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre with
a matinee at 2:30 p.m. Saturday.
The production will mark the
fourth in the summer series pre-
sented by the speech department's
Michigan Repertory Players.
Written by Edward Mabley and
Leonard Mins, the play is con-
cerned with current problems of
the American occupation of Ger-
many as reflected in a, small man-
ufacturing city in northwestern
Bavaria. The military government
administrator in the town finds,
oddly enough, that it is the bored
soldier and ambitious American
business moan that pose the great-
est obstacles to the democratiza-
tion of the town.
Dorothy M u rza k Gotekunst,
Ward Alquist and Emily James
will also appear in the play.
The production will be directed
by Prof. William P. Halstead of
the speech department.
Tickets may be purchased at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre box-
office.
Russia To Hear Music,
Nlews on U. S. Show
WASHINGTON, July 29-(G)-
A new 30-minute program of news
and music hereafter will stream
out over the "Voice of America"
aimed directly at the Moscow
area. It steps up by 50 per cent
this country's official broadcasting
to the Russians.
Prepared in Russian, the new
program is scheduled to reach
Soviet ears at midnight, Moscow
time, beginning tonight,

them war veterans-in cutting
their way through concrete and
steel debris, other bodies were
pulled from the wreckage and an
emergency morgue was set up at
the blast scene.
At least one man was killed in
the blast which shattered win-
dows as far as five blocks away.
He was ahelper on a coal truck
which was delivering' fuel to the'
shop and was killed while working
in the basement where the ex-
plosion originated.
The owner of the , shop andt
school, Mrs. Pauline Kline Sulli-
van, escaped injury when she left
the spot a few moments before
the blast. .
Fire Chief Louis Armentrout
said the cause ofsthe explosion
had not been determined. First
reports indicated that a boiler
blew up. However, it was thought
later that coal dust had exploded.
Armentrout said the explosion
blew off the roof of the beauty
shop and wrecked the adjacent
Rhodes Jewelry Store.
The blast occurred shortly af-
ter 2 p.m.
Eyewitness Reports
An eyewitness said he heard
the blast and in a few moments
saw the roof of the beauty shop
explode into the air.
Windows in nearby stores and
the Methodist Church across
the street were shattered by the
blast which firemen said was not
accompanied by fire.
All available ambulances, doc-
tors and nurses in the area were
mobilized for care of the injured
and World War II veterans in the
town aided firemen and police in
digging through the debris for the
injured.
Also damaged by the explosion
were the advance store and an
empty store building.
VA2 To Send
Checks Home
Student veterans who plan to
have their August subsistence
checks mailed to their homes
rather than to their Ann Arbor
addresses on September 1, were
urged yesterday to file requests
"as soon as possible."
The reminder came from Rob-
ert A. Waldrop, director of the
Veterans Service Bureau, who add-
ed that change of address forms
must be sent to the Veterans Ad-
ministration, in order that the
checks be forwarded as desired.
He asserted, however, that the
forms must have a designation of
"temporary" if later delay and
confusion are to be averted,
Forms are available at the Vet-
erans Service Bureau and the VA
offices in the Rackham Building.

materials-such as scrap, tin,C
lead, zinc, copper and palm oil,
the increased costs of goads and
services which these subsidiar-
ies (U.S. Steel Corp. operating
subsidiaries) must purchase in
order to carry on their business;
and the substantially greater
cost of replacing worn-out fa-
cilities."
Olds stated that the $5 a ton
average increase did "not include
any amount to cover increased
costs which will result from, the
recent coal labor settlement.
He added that when the effects
of the wage boost on the cost of
coal production are assessed, "We
will have to review the price sit-
uation in regard to steel."
"In the meantime, we may
be able to affect some econom-
ies in steel production," Olds
said. "Also, it is hoped that the
coal productivity rate will be
increased, which might lower
the costs of coal for us."
President Truman recently said
higher steel and coal prices would
"imperil prosperity." He sought to
stave themroff by appealing to
the producers.
However, even as he issued his
request, higher coal quotations
were appearing in many cities.
U. S. Steel, coincident with
news of the price increase, report-
ed net income for the second
quarter of $29,336,868, equal to
$2.65 a common share, compared
with $13,900,270 or 87 cents a
share, in the second quarter last
year, when operations were af-
fected by a two-month coal strike.
TU' Orchestra
Will Present
ConcertToday
Beethoven's "Prometheus Over-
ture" will open the annual sum-
mer concert of the University
Symphony Orchestra, under the
direction of Prof. Wayne Dunlap
of the music school, to be present-
ed at 8:30 p.m. today at Hill Audi-
torium.
The 94-member orchestra will
also play Mozart's "Piano Concer-
to, No. 27" with James Wolfe, mu-
sic school student as soloist.
Wolfe, who received his master's
degree in music at the University
last spring, has appeared with
symphonies in Denver, Washing-
ton and Honolulu. He has. recent-
ly concluded a concert tour of
Hawaii.
Howard, Kellogg,director of the
music school's voice department,
will be heard as tenor soloist in
Faure's "Suite from the State Mu-
sic to Haracourt's Comedy." Kel-
logg, who was a student at the
Julliard School of Music, has ap-
peared as soloist, and with en-
sembles on CBS.
The concert, which is open to
the public, will also include Rob-
ert Ward's "Jubilation Overture,"
and "Adagio for Strings" by Sam-
uel Barber.

Abandon Plan
For Reducing
WheatCrops
Face Price Increases
Continued Shortages
WASHINGTON, July 29-(P)
The Government, faced with high
grain and food prices and with
continued shortages abroad, has
abandoned plans to reduce wheat
production goals for next year's
crop.
It is expected to announce with-
in a few days a call for another
big wheat crop next year. Seeding
time for next year's winter wheat
is only a few weeks away. Al-
though wheat land has been un-
der a heavy production strain
since early in the war, the Agri-
culture Department had hoped
that the wheat acreage could be
reduced to give some of the over-
worked soil a chance to rest.
Dry Weather May Hit
. There is danger, too, of dry
weather hitting the great plains
wheat area at any time. This
could revive destructive dust
storms such -as those that played
havoc there during the mid.
thirties.
Several weeks ago, before this
year's corn crop prospects dark-
ened due to a cool wet spring, the
Department was considering a
wheat goal of about 68,000,000
acres. This would have been a
reduction of about 9,000,000 acres
or about 12 per cent from the
acreage planted to produce this
year's record crop.
Tentative Plans
Tentative plansnow call for a
1948 goal of between 70,000,000
and 72,000,000 acres. The goa for
this year's crop was 70,700,000
acres, although farmers-to the
nation's good fortune-exceeded
it by nearly 7,000,000 acres,
The Department could have
gone ahead with a reduced wheat
goal had corn prospects turned
out more favorably. But inasmuch
as wheat and crn are inter-
changeable in many food and
livestock uses, officials feel that
it is essential to have another
large wheat crop to assure plenti-
ful graincsupplies until farmers
have a chance to grow another
large corn crop in 1948.
C1O Workers
Strike Threat
Faced by Ford
DETROIT, July 29-(P)--Fr
the second time in little more
than a month, the Ford Motor
Co. today faced a strike threat
from its 107,000 CIO production
employes.
The CIO United Auto Workers
Executive Board was called to
meet Saturday to answer a re-
quest from Ford union leaders for
the right to call a strike.
No date for any potential
walkout was made public.
Officials of the UAW-CIO said
the latest deallock stemmed from
new union demands growing out
of the Taft-Hartley Labor Law,
and a gradual bogging down of
plans for a $15,000,000 annual
pension for Ford employes.
The union members voted to
strike in June but action was de:

World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, July 29-Rumor-ridden Palestine waited tensely to-
night to see whether Irgun Zvai Leumi would carry out the threatened
execution of two British sergeants in reprisal for the hangings of three
members of the Jewish underground.
WASHINGTON, July 29-President Truman today signed a
supplemental appropriation bill supplying $35,500,000 additional
for temporary veterans' housing.
* * * *
MOSCOW, July 29-The Russians announced today that trade
and credit arrangements had been concluded with Yugoslavia.

ACCEPT DEMOCRATIC WAY:
Japanese, Korea ns Can Govern Selves
01

Both Japan and Korea have ad-
vanced far enough in accepting
democratic principles to be given
more control of their own gov-
ernments than they have under
present occupation policies, Hugh
Borton, chief of the State Depart-
ment Division of Northeast Asian

Among these are the two suc-
cessful general elections held
since the surrender and the adop-
tion of a constitution which states
that sovereignty resides with the
people, he said.
"One of the factors which

changes along more democratic
lines."
Borton asserted that "the most
pressing problem in relation to
Japan confronting the United
States now is the negotiating of a
peace treaty."
Procedural questions so farI

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