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July 25, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-07-25

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EQUAL RIGHTS
FOR WOMEN

46 O
L wv 4. t

xi1

CLOUDY AND

COOLER

See Page 2

VOL. LVIH, No. 168 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1946
Arkansas Sunk in ubsurface Atom I

PRIcE FIVE CENTS
last

_ ___

Senate Approves
Revised OPA Bill
Sen. O'Daniel Again Hinders Passage;
Truman To Sign, Ask Appropriation
BULLETIN -
WASHINGTON, July 25-(P)-A weary Senate passed the revised;
OPA bill early today and sent it to President Truman, who is expected'
to sign it later in the day.
WASHINGTON, July 24-(P)-Senators staged a last long debate over
the OPA tonight before a final vote to send the revised price control measure
to President Truman.
Senator O'Daniel (Dem.-Tex.), who filibustered eight hours against the
original extension measure which Mr. Truman vetoed, conceded that only
"an act of God" could prevent passage of the new one. But he assailed it
for two and a half hours.
The White House announced that the President is set to act quickly,
Without disclosing what the action will be, and that he will accompany it
with a message to Congress. But <
congressional leaders indicated the
measure as 'it stands is acceptable to
Mr. Truman and that he will sign it,
and at least two other factors ap-
peared to support the prediction:
1. A member of the House Appro-
priations Committee told a rebuiter
the President will request an addition-
al $25,000,000 for the OPA and ther
request may be made in the message%
tomorrow. Congress voted $75,0"6,000
to run the OPA for the year, a cut of
some $30,000,000 below budget esti-
mates. The committee member, who -
may not be identified, said Mr. Tru-
man will contend that this will not be
enough to run OPA until the new
Congress convenes in January and has"
time to consider a supplemental fund.
2. High officials, also asking anony-
mity, reported Mr. Truman plans 'to -
name Reconversion Director Jolin R.
Steelman as Stabilization Director,
succeeding Chester Bowles, in addi-
tion to Steelman's present duties. ThisY
course was recommended by Bowles
when he resigned.

Knowledge
Is Dangerous
Barker Says
Learning Must Be
Utilized Properly
The potential danger in being well-
informed was described yesterday by
Prof. Ernest F. Barker in an address
before the Education Conference now
in session on campus.
"The well-informed man is poten-
tially dangerous," he declared, "be-
cause information becomes valuable
or significant only as it is put to use."
"It is the task of the educators," he
said, "to impart not only informa-
tion but also moral discrimination,
so that students may use their in-
formation for proper purposes."
Germany, Prof. Barker illustrated,
did not have a "good" education sys-
tem, but it had an effective one
which instilled in German youth what
the Nazi leaders desired. Thus, he
pointed out, information was tem-
pered with Nazi ambitions.
A panel discussion on "Desirable
and Undesirable Practices in the Se-
lection of Textbooks" was led by
Prof. Claude Eggerstein of the School
of Education at the Men's Educa-
tion Club meeting yesterday in the
Union.
Prof. John W. Lederle of the poli-
tical science department will speak
on "Current Trends in Government"
at 11 a.m. today in the University
High School Auditorium.
"Probable Developments in Ed u-
cation" will be the subject of a panel
discussion led by Arthur Dondineau,
Superintendent of Schools in De-
troit, at 11 a.m. tomorrow in the
University High School Auditorium.
New Pledging
Rules Adopted
For Fraternities
A new code of Inter-Fraternity
Council rushing and pledging rules
has been passed to supersede tem-
porary regulations adopted during
the war, IFC president Harry Jack-
son announced yesterday.
As required by a Student Affairs
Committee ruling, the "preference-
list" system of bidding will be used
1iext semester.
"This means that both rushees and
fraternities submit lists of their
choices to the Dean of Students Of-
fice," Jackson said. "The office will
honor these bids and acceptances
according to their respective posi-
tions on the lists."
"The advantage of this method,"
Jackson noted, "is that 'high pres-
sure' rushing is made impossible.
Everything considered, it's the fairest
system for both the fraternities and
the rushees."
For the first time, all fraternities
will begin the rushing period next
fall with a day of open houses for
the rushees. Rushing will last for
thirteen days instead of three weeks
as during the war years. It will begin
the second week of classes.
The new IFC rules will be sent to
the Student Affairs Committee for
final approval.
Vet Supply Tickets
Veterans who have supply tick-
ets are requested by the University

cashier to turn in their tickets by
August 5 to their bookstore in or-
der that their accounts may be
charged for supplies purchased
during the summer session.

Churning Geyser
Reaches 9,000 Feet
Most of 75-Ship Target Fleet Remains
Afloat; Saratoga Reported Damaged
By The Associated Press
The old battleship Arkansas and two small craft were sunk in Bikini
lagoon yesterday by the subsurface blast of the world's fifth atomic bomb,
Vice-Adm. W. H. P. Blandy announced officially.
Most of the fleet of 75 target ships, however, rode through the atomic
storm that rocketed a geyser of water to a height of at least 5,000 feet and
vapors rose to 9,040 feet in a spectacular display.
Blandy, in an official broadcast to the United States from his flagship,
the McKinley, said the old carrier Saratoga, near the target center, was
listing to starboard and was down by the stern.
He listed the two smaller craft sunk as a concrete oil barge and a tank
landing craft.
The Japanese battleship Nagato had a "very slight list" he reported.
The deadly radioactive waters of the lagoon still kept observer ships
at bay outside, and Blandy said it was impossible to determine damage to
other vessels.

He said there was no reason to
doubt the efficiency of the bomb, al-
though it failed to generate the huge
100-footwaves predicted.
Two Subs Sighted
Instead, waves seven to 10 feet high
lapped the shore of Bikini Island
and swept entirely over a nearby is-
let. '
Blandy said it was too early to tell
how many of the six submarines

Soviet Rejects
U.S. Atomic
Control Plans

ARTIST'S CONCEPT OF ATOMIC BLAST-The subsurface explosion
of the world's fifth atomic bomb, as depicted by AP artist John Carlton
on the basis of advance data, presents a picture of what happened yes-
terday at Bikini. The water spout ascended to 5,00) feet, and the mist,
cloud above it to 9,000 feet, reports stated. 4nticipated 100-foot waves
were not produced but first reports indicated that severe damage was
done to ships in the "death circle," including the USS ARKANSAS,
sunk in 20 minutes, and the USS SARATOGA, badly damaged.
* * * * * *
Bikini Island Unharmed; Eruption
Does Not Cause Earth Tremor

1

UAW To Direct
Strikes Agamst
O ther Foods
DETROIT, July 24-(P)-Describ-
ing its first buyers strike--against
meat-a success, the CI --United
Automobile Workers today said it
would soon center its attack on
another commodity.
UAW-CIO President Walter P.
Reuther, who announced the union-
sponsored meat strike at an OPA
rally July 16, said at that time the
union would center its attention of
food items "one by one" in an at-
tempt to hold prices down.
The target of the next UAW-CIO
attack was not disclosed.
Reuther said the union recom.-
mended resumption of meat buying
today with purchases limited to items
which had been reduced in price.
He warned the strike would be re-
sumed if meat prices start upward.
"We will put the meat dealers and
packers on trial for a few days, now
that they have felt the pressure of
mass consumer protest, to see how
they behave themselves," Reuther
said..
He declared the strike had forced
prices of less expensive cuts of meat
down as much as 20 cents a pound.
The strike, he added, had "over-
whelming support."
Pittsfield OPA
Meeting Urges
Buyers' Strike
At a spontaneous meeting organ-
ized by the residents of Pittsfield
Village in protest to rapidly rising
prices of foodstuffs, three prominent
campus figures urged the women to
inaugurate a buyers strike.
"Our Congressmen have failed in
their duty to reflect the demands of
the consumer public," Prof. Wesley
H. Maurer, of the journalism depart-
ment, declared. He continued by ad-
vocating strong resistance move-
ments to supplement the OPA price
control bill which we are getting.
Mary C. Bromage, assistant dean
of women, stated that one of our
mast nressini oroblems is in foreign

CALLED BY COMMITTEE-Rep.
John M. Coffee (Dem., Wash.),
who has admitted acceptance of a
$2,500 check from a defense con-
tractor, will appear before the Sen-
ate War Investigating Committee
next week, it was announced today.
War Profits
Committee To
Hear Rep. May
WASHINGTON, July 24-0P)-The
Senate War Investigating Committee
arranged today to hear Rep. May
(Dem., Ky.) explain on Friday his
wartime aid for a munitions combine,
and simultaneously ordered public
hearings next week' on Rep. Coffee' k
(Dem., Wash.) acknowledged receipt
for $2,500 from a defense contrac-
tor.
Committee Counsel George Meader
said that the "arrangements" for
May's appearance were made through
the Kentucky legislator's counsel, and
that Coffee himself had asked for a
"full and comtplete" inquiry in his
case.
Coffee has described the $2,500 as
a campaign contribution and has said
that the Department of Justice has
cleared him of any wrongdoing.
Both committee announcements
came at the close of a 90-minute ses-
sion behind closed doors during which
the committee agreed to ask the
Senate for an additional $65,000 to
expand its hunt for corruption in the
nation's unprecedented wartime ex-
penditures.
Asked directly whether there were
"any strings tied" to the arrange-
ment for May to testify, Meader said
that Warren Magee, May's counsel.
"didn't mention any, and we didn't
agree to any."

PASADENA, Calif., July 24-(P)-
Powerful as was Bikini's underwater
atom blast, it'didn't shake the Paci-
fic's floor with strength comparable
to an earthquake.
Seismologists at California Insti-
tute of Technology calculated that
the shock, if registered, should reach
here 11 minutes, six seconds after
the detonation. That time passed
without even a quiver of the delicate
reading seismograph in the ,labora-
tory's lobby.
.Film Versions
Of Two Chekov
Plays Offered
Members of the Moscow Art Thea-
tre, one of the best legitimate dra-
matic theatres in the world, will be
seen in the films of Chekov's one-act
plays "Marriage" and "Jubilee" when
the Art Cinema films are shown for
the first time in the Rackham Thea-
tre at 8:30 p.m. today.
Alexei Gribov, the father in "Mar-
riage," will be the first to appear.
Other members of the Moscow
Art Theatre are Victor Stanitsin,
who will be Bank President in "Ju-
bilee"; Olga Androvskaya, his wife;
Vasily Toporkow, the bookkeeper;
and Anastasia Zuyeva, a gossip.
Popular Russian movie and stage
actors complete the casts.
Fanya Ranevskaya, will be the
mother in "Marriage." Others are
Zoya Fyodorova, the bride; Ernest
Garin, the groom; Vera Maretskaya,
the flirt; and Sergei Martinson, the
rejected suitor.
An excerpt from Tchaikovsky's
opera "Christmas Slippers" will be
shown with the plays.
Tickets will be available at the
League 45 minutes before the film
starts.

Aboard U.S.S. McKinley off Bikini,
Thursday, July 25-(P)-Bikini Is-
land appears to be more or less in-
tact after the atomic bomb subma-
rine explosion.
'Five steel towers on the island were
visible as this ship moved in toward
the lagoon.
Navy Lieutenant H. R. .Muether of
Rosedale, N.Y., who was watching
through the television set, said waves
hit Bikini beach three to five min-
utes after the explosion, which took
place about three miles off shore.
He said the waves rocked beached
landing craft violently, but no more
than a rough surf would have done.
The waves did not roll over the
island.
Lieut. Muether said that he could
see the blast on the television screen
and then the mist obscured the scene.
When it cleared he said that the pic-
ture of the target array was un-
recognizable.
Vessels seen to be still afloat in-
cluded the veteran aircraft carrier
Saratoga, though part of her island
superstructure seemed to be missing;
the Japanese battleship Nagato, the
U.S. battleship Nevada, and the hulk
of the carrier Independence, which
was badly damaged in the aerial
atomic bomb burst 24 days ago.
Medieal School Dean
Will Lecture Today
Dean Albert C. Furstenberg, of the
University Medical School and Prof.
Robert E. Cushman, of Cornell Uni-
versity, will speak in the University
summer lecture series today in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
Dean Furstenberg will discuss "Re-
cent Advances in Medicine" at 4:10
p.m. and Prof. Cushman will spea:
on "Civil Liberties in the Atomic Age"
at 8:10 p.m.
Prof. Cushman has been head of
the department of government at
Cornell since 1923, and is on the
board of editors of the American
Political Science Review.

Possible Chain Reaction
Denied by Physics Head
In an interview on the dangers of
the atomic bomb tests, Prof. Ernest
F. Barker, chairman of the physics'
department, declared that he was
"not all all concerned about a chain-
reaction developing in the water
which would 'burn it up.' We have
methods for estimating such things,"
he said. "Nothing we know points
to this."
He also stated that the world had
placed itself in a "precarious,, almost
fatal position" and that it was "hard
to believe that intelligent human be-
ings would ever place themselves in
that position."
Queried about earthquake possibil-
ities set off by the underwater atomic
concussions, Prof. Barker said that a
quake would spoil the tests and if
one were expected, the test would
have been called off.

t
I
I
J
1
.
s
.
1

submerged for the test were sunk
but "two have been sighted from the
air in their proper submerged posi-
tions."
Of the Saratoga, whose durability
outshone that of the Arkansas, which
also was close to the target center,
Blandy said:
"Half of her smokestack is down
on her flight deck and her elevator
has dipped on one side below the
level of the flight deck."
Nevada Still Afloat
The battleship Nevada still floated,
however, despite the damage it suf-
fered as the target bullseye in the
first test.
Palm trees on Bikini appeared to
have been destroyed, although they
came through untouched in the aerial
test July 1.
The giant 100-foot waves that had
been predicted apparently failed to
come off. Television observers on the
Mt. McKinley said the waves emerg-
ing from the atomic mist appeared
to be five-feet high.
Radio Roar Heard
The bomb was detonated exactly
on schedule at 8:35 a.m. Thursday,
Bikini time, (4:35 p.m. Wednesday
local time) with a tremendous roar
heard clearly over radios in the Uni-
ted States.
Directory ay
Kilroy Is Here'
Students who have already pur-
chased their copy of the latest Stud-
ent Directory may not be aware of
the fact that therein is listed the
name, address, and phone number of
the most talked of and, incidentally,
the most elusive character in modern
history.
From the spice islands of the In-
dies to the barren wastes of Iceland,
from gay Paree to questionable
haunts of Peoria, Ill., the world has
inquired in vain after the where-
abouts of an individual who is known
solely and simply as "Kilroy."
To our knowledge no one has ever
seen Kilroy though his fame has in-

NEW YORK, July 24-(IP)-Soviet
Russia today flatly rejected the prin-
cipal points of the United States plan
for global supervision of atomic en-
ergy and reiterated a demand that
full control be vested in the United
Nations Security Council, where five
powers hold -the right to veto.
Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet dele-
gate to the U.N. Atomic Energy Com-
mission, categorically refused to ac-
cept the proposals of Bernard M.
Baruch, U. S. delegate, for elimina-
tion of the veto in atomic matters and
for setting up an atomic development
authority outside the Council.
In discussing a U.N. memorandum
which outlined these and other points,
Gromyko declared:
"The United States proposals 'in
their present form cannot be accepted
in any way by the Soviet Union ei-
ther as a whole or in separate parts.
A member of the U.S. delegation,
commenting on Gromyko's-statement,
said it was in line with views he had
expressed previously and did not
come as a surprise to the Americans.
American circles said they did not
consider that the negotiations had
reached "a crisis" or that the "ox
was in the ditch." The U.S. inform-
ant said Baruch had no intention of
altering his proposals at present and
added that he still was hopeful of
bringing the other powers into agree-
ment on the American plan.
Britain Charges
Jnewish Agency
Ordered Plot
LONDON, July 24-(/-British white
paper tonight charged leaders of the
Jewish agency for Palestine with or-
dering underground acts of violence
in a carefully planned program of
sabotage which forced the British
government to take firm measures..
The 10-page document, presented
by the Colonial Secretary to Parlia-
ment, said evidence gleaned from in-
tercepted communications showed
that Hagana, a huge Jewish under-
ground organization, and its perma-
nent military arm, known as Pal-
mach, worked under political control
of prominent Jewish agency members
in the program of violence in Pales-
tine carried out "under the guise of
the Jewish resistance movement."
Since last autumn, the govern-
ment charged, the lesser underground
organizations-the Irgun Zvai Leun
and the extreme stern gang which
originated as dissident Jewish fac-
tions-worked in cooperation with
fHagana's high command on cer-
tain of such operations.
A spokesman for the Jewish Agen
cy in London said the Jews had no
immediate comment.
Get Your Ensian
Michiganensian, the college
yearbook, will be distributed today
from 10 to 12 a.m. and 1 to 4 p.m.
at the Student Publications
Building, Carol Siebert of the 'En-
%i avi. *2nstff a nnnced v-

PEACETIME EXPLORATION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY:

...

Atomic and Radiological Research Centers Organized

By RICHARD W. FINK
Atomic and radiological research
will be carried on at four great reg-
ional centers now being organized to
serve American scientists and uni-
versities. Prof. J. M. Cork of the phy-

schools will be at Berkley, Calif., and
a New England center, now being
arranged, will serve the Northwest.
Physicists may use the Chicago
laboratory's facilities in one of three

atomic center will sustain the ex-
penses for work performed and funds
expended.
Commenting on developments and
progress of the national setup, Prof.
Cork pointed out that it soon will be

Material such as radioactive phos-
phorus, iodine, and strontium, now
used in medicinal treatment of rare
blood diseases, is much more satis-
factorily produced in the fission pile.

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