THE MICHIGAN DAILY
eoietteri to the 6/ito p
This is the first of a series of guest
columns of DOMINIE SAYS. It was writ-
ten by Prof. Theodore Newcomb, of the
sociology department at the request of
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, Counselor in
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Your Last Chance .
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ............ .................. Clyde Hecht
University ............................Natalie Bagrow
Sports ................................... Jack Martin
Women's .................................. Lynne Ford
Business Manager:......................Janet Cork
Member of The Associated Press
The Assocated Press is exclusively entitled to the. use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
piblication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, a
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during 'the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945.46
NIGHT EDITOR: NATALIE BAGROW
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
SPEAKING in behalf of the largest country of
South America, Joao Alberto, chairman of
the Brazilian Immigration Council, announced
a few days ago that 100,000 to 800,000 displaced
persons from Europe might be permitted to
This statement followed Senhor Alberto's re-
turn from a visit to the United States, where he
conferred with both American and British au-
thorities. He also declared that a study of immi-
gration problems at close range will be carried
out in Brazil next month by an Anglo-American
While Brazil is offering this plan as a solu-
tion to the problem of D. P.'s, she has neverthe-
less felt it necessary to impose certain condi-
tions upon the offer. Displaying an estimate of
$400 as being the cost of transporting one per-
son from Central Europe to Brazil, she has
suggested that the United Nations bear the costs
of this possible mass migration.
In addition, only Europeans are sought by the
Brazilians, especially those who will enter agri-
cultural occupations. Religious and political sta-
tus of the Europeans will not be asked,
This offer, as well as most of its conditions,
seems an excellent one. In the first place it
is not very probable that any sizeble number
of Europeans would go to Brazil unless UN
did finance the trips. Moreover, Brazil is large
and relatively uncrowded. The density of her
population is about one-fourth to one-third
that of the United States. Being essentially an
agricultural country she would have ample em-
ployment opportunities to offer displaced emi-
grants from Europe. Some may contend that
she lies totally within the tropics; however,
this is offset in many areas by such varying
conditions as rainfall, altitude, prevailing
winds and distances from the sea.
The United Nations and its various members
who have been lately bickering over the prob-
lem of what to do with displaced persons should
consider the advantages of Brazilian land as a
haven for the homeless.
-Joan de Carvajal
IF THE ATTITUDES of five housewives queried
yesterday by a Daily reporter are any indi-
cation of general public opinion, the return of
price controls will have little or no effect in
remedying the ridiculously exorbitant prices
which now prevail in Ann Arbor's grocery stores
and meat markets.
"The return of OPA will only serve to prolong
the situation, which will be just what it is :ow
if not worse when controls are taken off again"
was the general opinion expressed by these
Four of the housewives were vehemently in
favor of a buyers' strike. The fifth declared that
she was "against any form of extreme action"
and said that she was of the opinion that "if
consumers would only use their common sense
the situation will right itself without the neces-
sity of government interference."
This attitude is erroneous since the food store
proprietors are largely not to blame for the sky-
rocketing price hikes. A buyers' strike cannot
be effective because, as one housewife put it,
"people must eat.''
All the housewives admitted that we are now
in danger of experiencing "a little inflation,"
but did not seem to realize that "a little in-
flation" is about as logical as a slight pregnancy.
Careful and planned control is desperately
needed. Exemptions which account for more
than 50 percent of the cost of food negate the
TESDAY MAY BE the last chance. By that
date, the final decision on price control will
be pending before Congress. The AVC parade
and rally, scheduled for Tuesday, may be, there-
fore, the last chance for students and faculty
to demand effective price control.
It may be Congress' last chance too-the last
chance to prove to the nations' veterans that the
wartime promises were sincere. For, with a
spiralling inflation, most of the provisions of the
GI Bill will become a fraud. The $65 and$90
per month subsistence is barely sufficient now;
with inflation (already there is a 20 per cent rise
in the cost of living) the allotments are not
enough. Veterans (and non-veteran) students
will be forced to leave .school; there will be an
intellectual and economic loss to the nation.
Remember the promises? Because the ser-
viceman lost money and youth, the govern-
ment would finance his neglected education?
Veterans housing is also lost. Pricesare so
high only $10,000 homns can be built and prices
are rising higher. Wht veteran has $10,000?
Remember the fox-h le dream? The white
house with the picket fence that, after the
war, the veteran could hope to build?
Inflation's effect on the rest of the nation will
be equally devastating. All those on fixed in-
comes, such as professors, University adminis-
tratorA disabled veterans, will find it almost
impossible to cope with rising costs. The laborer
will be forced to fight a losing battle to boost
The Housingf ill
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a series of
weekly articles which will discuss current legislation
now pending in Congress.
THE WAGNER-ELLENDER-TAFT BILL, now
stalled in the House of Representatives
Banking and Currency Committee, is Congress'
answer to the problem of supplying the needed
12,500,000 homes for Americans during the next
This bill to establish a long range National
Housing Policy and provide for ,its execution
is designed to do the following:
1. Encourage private enterprise to serve as
large a part of the total housing need as it
2. Utilize government assistance to enable
private enterprise to serve more of the total
3. Provide governmental aid to clear the
slums and provide housing for low-income
groups in localities which estimate their needs
and show that these needs cannot be fully
met by private enterprise.
Fundamentally the bill provides grants on a
matching basis to local governments to permit
them to make surveys and studies of housing and
community developments in preparation for
urban redevelopment and low-rent projects.
Consistent with a policy of endouraging pri-
vate enterprise, the bill grants more favorable
loan terms to families of lower incomes and by
means of a special "yield insurance" encourages
private investment in the moderate income
rental-housing by guaranteeing a 2% per annum
return to 100 per cent investors for a maximum
period of 45 years or until 90 per cent of the
original investment has been unamortized.
After a community has worked out a compre-
hensive plan for its housing program, the bill,
by loans amounting to $500,000,000 and out-
right contributions of $20,000,000 per year to
local housing agencies, provides for the re-
development or rehabilitation of slum and
blighted areas only when it has been ascertained
that the area cannot be developed by privately
financed capital without federal government aid.
In the low-rent housing field where private
enterprise cannot profitably go, the bill pro-
vides that upon the approval of the governing
body of the locality, the Federal Public Housing
Authority can make low interest loans or pro-
vide subsidy contributions to encourage this type
Rural housing conditions also stand to be im-
proved under the provisions of the Senate bill
which authorizes 40-year, three percent loans to
rural families of modest income as well as pro-
viding for a plan of loans and annual contri-
butions for families of very low incomes in the
farm and rural areas.
If the bill is passed, the National Housing
Administrator would present at least once a year
a report to Congress of estimated housing needs,
and progress made in meeting these needs and
This so-called "Long-Term Housing Program"
Bill passed the Senate on April 15 and is now
being held up in the House Committee on Bank-
ing and Currency. The only strong opposition
to the bill thus far has come from a few die-hard
building interests who are opposed to all phases
of governmental operation in the housing field.
Action on the bill is now being held up, not
by any strong lobby but rather by Congres-
sional indifference to it.
Congress is expected to adjourn by early Aug-
ust so that if the bill is not reported out of
Committee soon it will die with the recess of
Congress and the nation will be without a long-
range housing program at least until next spring.'
his wages 'with each successive price rise. And
the accumulated savings of the average citizen
will be drained away, not spent for new cars,
new homes, a college education, but withered
away to .meet the high cost of living. The pur-
chasing power of these dollars might have been
used to maintain prosperity.
What good is a war bond?
Inflation also condemns to death millions of
people overseas. With no ceilings on grain or
mheat, the farmers will fatten their cattle with
grain rather than sell the grain to the U.S. at
fixed prices. Furthermore, with inflated prices,
relief money will not buy as much as antici-
pated. Less farm machinery, less clothing, less
food; more corpses.
The question is this: Is Senator Taft an ac-
complice to mass murder? Wyho is more guilty,
Wherry of Nebraska or Himmler of the Rhine-
It has been the policy of the U.S. to consider
the whole German nation guilty of the horrors
of the concentration camps. Yet only an insig-
nificant fraction of the Germans actually com-
mitted the atrocities.
When millions die overseas because the U.S.
did not do enough, because we speculated with
grain and equipment when men were starving
for the lack of them, then we too, everyone
of us, is guilty.
The people of Ann Arbor and the University
will have one last chance Tuesday to square
their consciences. A large, vigorous rally may
persuade last-minute Congression fence sitters,
may prevent American economic catastrophe and
One note of hope emerges from this crisis:
the emergence into the national scene of the
American Veterans Committee, an organization
which has not yelped for bonuses and special
privileges, but has fought for the real, the im-
portant things-housing legislation, anti-infla-
tion legislation, full employment, just and last-
There is still hope for price control. The last
chance for everyone will take place at 4 p.m.
Tuesday at State and Huron streets in the
AVC's sponsored "Smash Inflation" parade and
MEMOIRS OF HECATE COUNTY, by Edmund
Wilson, Doubleday, New York, 1946, $2.50,
EDMUND WILSON has long been established
as one of America's leading critics, one of
the few serious critics. He is best known for
such books as Axel's Castle, a group of critical
essays on the Symbolist movement. Unlike most
critics, however, he has left himself open to at-
tack by writing some fiction as well. His latest
novel is Memoirs of Hecate County. After read-
ing much of the current fiction, it is most re-
freshing to stumble upon some good writing, and
Mr. Wilson has proved that at least some Amer-
icans have mastered the English language.
Although called a novel, Memoirs of Hecate
County is really a series of short sketches or
stories about a group of suburbanites living in
Hecate County. They are interrelated, however,
and taken as a whole, present a group of lives
belonging to what is known as the lost gener-
ation. They are not lost in the usual sense, but
are instead overtaken by a positive force of evil.
True, they are groping for some sort of faith,
but they are plagued and undone by this evil.
Mixed with these characters is a good deal of
Wilson's though about current problems, which
is not, however, too convincing.
It is always a genuine pleasure to read well-
written fiction these days, no matter what one
may think about the subject matter. The so-
called lost generation of the last war has been
fictionalized and sermonized upon many times.
Here, however, it is given a new twist. One
might quarrel with Wilson's ideas, and perhaps
he is not very convincing as a commentator
on world problems. He takes a middle-of-the-
road liberal attitude and is afraid of the Com-
munists as he is of the ghosts which pursue
him. ,But he can present his characters. And
the book at least poses a challenge which can-
not be overlooked. Certainly Memoirs of Hec-
ate County is one of the best pieces of fiction
to be published recently.
General Library Booklist
Lewis, Clive Staples
That Hideous Strength
New York, Macmillan, 1946
Maugham, William Somerset
Then and Now
New York, Garden City, Doubleday, 1946
The Adventures of Wesley Jackson
New York, Harcourt, 1946
Smith, Chard Powers
The Housatonic. Puritan River
New York, Rinehart, 1946
Wallace, Henry A.
Soviet Asia Mission
New York, Reynal, 1946
WE SOCIAL SCIENTISTS are al-
ways being perturbed by the fact
that every man is his own expertt
in matters of economics, psychology,
etc. This popular expertness takes
several forms. There's the big-heart-
ed, tolerant type: "Of course it's all
a matter of opinion, and one man's
guess is as good as another's." Or
the common-sense, dogmatic ap-
proach: "You don't have to read a
book to know that; why only last
week I had an experience .
Now there is a sense in which
every man must be his own expert
in a democracy. But informed ex-
pertise is likely to have better re-]
suits than uninformed, and it hap-
pens that there are several ques-
tions to which the answers are
known. Go ahead and guess if
you want to, Mr. Everyman. It's"
a free country. You have the priv-
ilege of believing that vaccination"
helps to prevent small-pox or that
it doesn't. Take your choice.
You are also permitted to believe
that there is something inborn and
therefore inevitable about disliking
people of racial origins different from
one's own. You know-it's instinc-
tive, just natural. "Why, my little
girl cried her eyes out first time she
seen a nigger . .
Well, water doesn't run uphill andj
'children don't spontaneously develop
hostile racialvattitudes. Both are
facts. Mr. Everyman is in a posi-
tion to check the first fact, but not
the second. Besides, he doesn't get
very emotional about the laws oft
gravity, while he finds it very com-
forting to know that he is better than]
Jews or people with colored skins.j
Facts are things which you ig-
nore at your peril. The day of
reckoning may be far removed.1
You may escape it yorself, or1
perhaps only your neigh bors or
your grand-children will have to ,
pay the price. We'll all have to]
make one pretty steep payment for
the next six years; Senator Bilbo
has been returned to office.
"You can't .change human nature,
and therefore . . ." Finish the sent-
ence for yourself. My pet dogmatism
will do. There will always be wars,
because man is pugnacious. Capital--"
ism is the only form of social order
which will endure, because man is
competitive. The poor ye have always
with you, because most men are lazy
or stupid or both. People will al-1
ways be selfish, intolerant, jealous
or vain because .. .
A good deal is now known aboutt
"human nature"; it's the social sci-
entist's business to observe it. He
finds it both selfish and unselfish,
co-operative and competitive, hostile
and friendly-that is, if you mean
by the term what actually occurs'
when people are observed. If, on
the other hand, you mean simply
the limitations and compulsions'
traceable to man's biological make-
up, there isn't much you can say
about it except that people have to
eat, drink, sleep, etc., and that they
cannot digest stones or breathe
water, etc. Man can be competitive
but he doesn't have to; it depends
upon the conditions in which he finds
himself. Not all men are competitive,
and there just isn't any evidence that
they have to be. None.
The things people do, the ways
in which they do them, and even the
things they want to do have always
been changing. "Human nature" is
change-loving as well as change-re-
sisting. That is, people do seek
change (under certain conditions)
and they can change (under certain
conditions). And we know a good
deal about the conditions."'
Facts? Sure. Ignore 'em at your
Molotov's statement on Germany
to the Council of Foreign Ministers
appeared at the first glance to indi-
cate a shift in the Russian position
nearer to those of America and Brit-
ain. Disclaiming ideas of a peace of
revenge, he argued against further
dismemberment of the Reich, urged
its political unification, and pro-
claimed the necessity its industrial
revival in the interests of European
economy. All these ideas have been
supported by Britain and, though
with less urgency, by the United
States. On the other hand they con-
flict totally with the policies of France
which has always insisted that the
industrial Rhineland must be sep-
arated politically and economically
from the rest of Germany lest it
again serve as the arsenal of aggres-
Monday, July 22, at 11:00 a.m. in
the University High School Auditor- s
ium. The topic will be "Is Democracy a
Retreating or Advancing in the u
World?" The public is invited to at- s
There will be a lecture Tuesday, s
July 23 at 11:00 a.m. in the Univers- F
ity High School Auditorium. Theo.
dore M. Newcomb, Professor of Soc-
iology, will speak on "Some Current
Social Trends." .
There will be a lecture "Where Will 1
the Jobs Be?" discussed by panel of
business and industrial leaders on
Tuesday, July 23 at 4:00 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. Chairman:
T. Luther Purdom, Director of thes
University Bureau of Appointments. t
Dr. Preston W. Slosson, ProfessorI
of History, and radio commentator,1
will give a series of discussions oft
current events, each Tuesday, of thef
Summer Session in the Rackham
Amphitheatre at 4:10 p.m. under the
auspices of the Summer Session
The public is invited to attend.
A lecture will be given Tuesday,
July 23 at 7:30 p.m. in the Rackham '
Lecture Hall. The topic is "How Doi
You Look to anhEmployer?" Demon-
stration of right and wrong dress,c
manner, and speech. Chairman: T.
Luther Purdom, Director of the Uni-
versity Bureau of Appointments. t
Gaylord W. Anderson, Professor,c
School of Public Health, UniversityF
of Minnesota, will give a lecture Tues-E
day, July 23 at 8:10 p.m. in thev
Rackham Amphitheatre. The topicc
is "The Political Impact of Modern I
Science on Public Health."
Professor J. M. Cowan of Cornell
University, Director of the IntensiveI
Language Program, will speak under
the auspices of the Linguistic Insti-
tute on the subject: "Linguistics and7
Foreign Language Teaching", ont
Wednesday, July 24 in the Amphi-I
theatre of the Rackham Building atc
Political Science 2 make-up final
exam will be given Thursday, Julyc
25 at 1:00 p.m., Room 2037 Angells
History Language Examination for
the M.A. Degree: Saturday, July
27th, 10 o'clock, Room B, Haven Hall.4
Each student is responsible for his
own dictionary. No other anguage
examination to be given this summer
Speech Assembly: Charles H. Mere- I
dith, Director, Le Petit Theatre duI
Vieux Carre, will speak on "Theatre"e
at the Speech Assembly Wednesday
at 3 p.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Attendance is required of
all Speech concentrates, teaching
majors and minors in Speech, andg
all graduate students working to-
ward degrees in Speech. Open to
Graduate Students: Courses may
be dropped with record from July 8t
until July 27. - .
By a recent ruling of the Executive
Board of the Graduate School,
courses dropped after July 27 will
be recorded with a grade of E.
Yves Tinayre, baritone, will pre-
sent the first of two recitals at 8:30
Sunday evening, July 21, in the First
Presbyterian Church. A well-known
interpreter of vocal art, Mr. Tin-
ayre has planned a program to in-
clude medieval and renaissance sacred;
and secular songs. A guest lecturer
in the School of Music, he will be as-
sisted in the program by Emil Raab
and Margaret Kay, violinists, Eliz-
abeth Lewis, violist, Mary Oyer, cel-
list and Frieda Op't Holt Vogan,
organist. The second program will
be given the followingSunday, July
28, in the same church.
The general public is invited.
Carillon Recital: At 3 p.m. Sunday
day afternoon, July 21, Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, will
present a recital on the Charles Baird
Carillon in Burton Memorial Tower.
Included in his program will be a
group of American airs, Suite for
carillon by Barber, two hymns, and
Berceuse, Op. 57 by Chopin.
Student Recital: Ruby Joan Kuhl-
man, pianist, will present a program
at 8:30 Thursday evening, July 25, in
the Assembly Hall of the Rackham
Building. Given in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the regree of
Master of Music, Miss Kuhlman's re-
cital will include Tocatta D minor
by Bach, Etudes symphoniques by
Schumann, Sonata K. 333 by Mozart,
and Sonata Op. 30 by Scriabine.
The public is cordially invited.
Lecture-Recital: The third pro-
gram in the current series of lecture-
recitals by Lee Pattison, pianist, will
(Continued from Page 3)
The Graduate Outing Club has
cheduled an afternoon of sports and
a picnic for Sunday, July 21. Grad-
uate students planning to attend
hould pay the supper fee of 50c at
he checkroom desk in the Rackham
building, before Friday night and
hould meet at the club rooms in the
Rackham Building at 2:30 p.m. Sun-
day. Use the northwest entrance.
Pre-Activity Conference for all
members of the Delta Sigma Theta
Sorority, Sunday, July 21, West Par-
or, Mosher Hall, 3:00 p.m.
Graduate Students in Speech: A
symposium on practical theatre will
be held at 4 p.m. Monday in the
West Conference room of the Rack-
ham Building for graduate students
n the Department of Speech. At-
tendance is required of applicants
for advanced degrees who are spec-
alizing in theatre.
The Russian Circle (Russky Kru-
hok) will meet at 8:00 p.m., Monday,
July 22, in the International Center.
Features of the evening will be the
showing of slides depicting the vari-
ous nationalities of the Soviet Un-
on, recordings of Russian songs, and
tea served from the samovar. Every-
one interested is Invited to attend.
French Club: The third meeting of
the French Club will take place Mox-
day, July 22, at 8 p.m. in room 305
of the Michigan Union. Mr. Philippe
Roulier, a French student in the
School of Forestry and Conservation,
will tell his experiences in France
during the war: his informal talk
is entitled: "Paris sous l'occupation."
Group singing and social hour.
Spanish Teas: Every Tuesday and
Friday, language tables will convene
in the League cafeteria at 4 p~m. for
nformal conversation practice. On
Thursdays, the group will meet at
the International Center 0t 4 p.m.
All students interested in practicing
Spanish conversation are invited to
Bridge Night: The International
Center announces Bridge Night in
the International Center, Wednes-
day, July 24, at 7:30 p.m. Foreign
students, their friends, American stu-
dents and faculty interested in play-
ng bridge are cordially invited.
French Tea Tuesday, July 23, at
4 p.m. in the cafeteria of the Mich-
Flying Club: There will be a meet-
ing of the board of the University
Flying Club at 6:45 p.m., July 23,
1946 in Rm 1042 of the East Engin-
First Church of Christ,- Scientst,
409 S. Division Street.
Wednesday evening service at 8:00.
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Sunday School at 11:45.
A special reading room is main-
tained by this church at 706 Wolver-
ine Building, Washington at Fourth
where the Bible, also the Christian
Science textbook, "Science and
Health with Key to the Scriptures,"
and other writings by Mary Baker
Eddy may be read, borrowed or pur-
chased. Open daily except Sundays
and holidays from 11:30 a.m. to 5
Lutheran Student Association: The
Sunday morning Bible Study Class
will meet at 9:15 at the Center, 1304
Hill Street. Sunday morning worship
services will be held .in both Zion
Lutheran and Trinity Lutheran
Churches at 10:30. The Lutheran
Student Association Sunday evening
meeting will be at the home of Prof.
and Mrs. Ralph Hammett, 1425 Pon-
tiac. The group will meet at 4:30
at Zion Parish Hall, E. Washington
St., and leave from there. The pro-
gram will follow the picnic supper.
Prof. Howard McClusky of the School
of Education will be the speaker.
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
Morning Worship service at 10:45
a.m. Dr. Lemon's sermon topic:
"When People Disagree."
Summer Guild at 5:30 p.m. in the
Social Hall. Supper will be served
by Mrs. J. C. Seeley, and the host
and hostess will be Prof. and Mrs.
M. W. Senstius. The group will at-
tend the Summer School Program at
the First Congregational Church at
Grace Bible Church, State and
Huron Streets, Harold J. DeVries,
pastor. Phone 2-1121.
10:00 a.m. Bible School. University
11:00 a.m. Morning message given
by Rev. Ralph Reed, pastor of First
Baptist Church in Wayne.
12:45 p.m. "Your Radio Choir."
6:30 p.m. Youth Hour.
7:30 p.m. Dr. Milton Gabler of the
By Crockett Johnson
em . .
Assuage your fears, m'boy. The Town Council
will approve your Fairy Godfather's plan to
b ,n ont. n rf.t.nrn a ,, ~trnr. mlal.-.-_
The Council will
come to order- Who's
s O'alley?), - / Who's