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July 10, 1946 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1946-07-10

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Pate 6

VOL. LVI, No. 6S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1946

I

mmmmmm

Senate

Rejects Ceilings on Meat, Poultry

Disarmament
Cause for New
U.S.-Red Rift

Move Blocks Truman's Plan
Terminal Leave Bill Reada

Byrnes Seeks Study
Of German Problem
By The Associated Press
PARIS, July 9-Foreign Minister
V. M. Molotov and Secretary of State
James 'F. Byrnes clashed today over
America's proposed 25-year German
disarmament treaty, informants re-
ported, and Byrnes proposed that
special deputies be appointed to study
all German problems.
Byrnes asked that the. special de-
puties be named now to consider all
phases of the German problem for
a report to the next series of meetings
by the Four-Power Foreign Ministers,
presumably next autumn. French
and American informants said there
was no immediate response from the
other ministers. Byrnes circulated
his proposal at the end of today's
meeting of the ministers.
Meanwhile, the French Govern-
ment issued formal invitations to 17
other Allied nations for the general
European peace conference here July
29, and the ministers asked the Uni-
ted Nations to postpone its general
assembly session in New York until
Sept. 23 to allow, tinme for diplomats
to attend the Paris conference.
The general assembly had been
scheduled for Sept. 3. Trygve Lie,
U.N. General Secretary, had asked the
ministers for advice so there would
be no conflict with the Paris Peace
Conference of 21 nations.
The United States and Britain ap-
peared to urge federalization to
break down inter-zonal barriers in
Germany as the conference turned to
longe-rnge problems of the Reich.
The real enigma was the Soviet
Union. Both the United States and
Britain are known to favor a federal
structure for the eventual unification
of Germany, and French officials
gave increasing importance to fed-
eralization as a possible solution of
major issues.
DiplomAts eagerly awaited the
"important declaration"-on Germany
pronised last week by Soviet Foreign
Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov,
which, according to speculation here,
could be ariythlng from bk forth-right
acceptance of federalization on the
American model to a denunciation of
what some Russians have called "se-
cret negotiations" by Britain and the
United States. .-
The United States already is prac-
ticing federalization in its own oc-
cupation zone of Germany, and ac-
ceptance of this procedure by the
other powers would be a step, in the
American and British view, toward
removing the trade barriers between
the zones.
In Frankfurt today, Gen. Joseph T.
McNarney, U.S. commander in Eur-
ope, underscored the problem when
be announced that the United States
was prepared to seek special eco-
nomic agreements for Western Ger-
many unless the foreign ministers
achieved agreement.
Legislature To
Meet at Unm6n
The Student Legislature will hold
its initial meeting- of the summer
session at 730 tonight at the Michi-
gan Union, according to President
Ray Davis.
Davis urged students who are in-
terested in any phase of the Legis-
lature's activities to attend this meet-
ing at which plans for the summer
session will be determined.
One of the Legislature's functions
this summer will be to plan a coordi-
nated program for the various fund-
raising activities on campus which
include the WSSF and India Famine
Relief Tag Days.
Plans to establish a Student Book
Exchange, the publication of a "Frosh
Bible," and the promotions of a
series of pep rallies to precede the
fall football games are some of the
other items to be considered this

evening.
Thye's Victory Hailed
By Supporter tassen
By The Associated Press
Washington and Utah picked nom-
inees for the United States Senate
and House yesterday, climaxing com-
paratively dull campaigns.
Meanwhile. Harold E. Stassen

SCHOOL IN THE NORTHWOODS-Students from 46 states and seven foreign countries are studying music
this summer at the University's world-famous music camp at Interlochen. Part of the 1,300 students enrolled
are shown as they arrive for the 19thseason of the camp in northern Michigan.

Prof. Preuss
Leaves Today
For Washmton
Prof. Lawrence Preuss, of the poli-
tical science department, will leave
today for Washington where he has
been invited to appear before a series
of hearings of the Senate Foreign Re-
lations Committee.
The hearings start Thursday and
concern a resolution introduced by
Sen. Wayne Morse (Rep., Ore.) which
provides .for adherence by the United
States to the compulsory jurisdiction
of the International Court of Jus-
tice.
Prof. Preuss was in charge of the
legal section of the State Depart-
ment which drafted the initial pro-
posals for the court. In addition, he
was principal secretary of the Com-
mittee of Jurists which met in April,
1945 and drew up the statute for
the court approved at the San Fran-
cisco Conference.
The International Court of Justice
has replaced the former world court
at The Hague, and the United States
joined in when it signed the charter
of the United Nations last August,
Prof. Preuss explained.
In approving the Morse Resolu-
tion, he said, the U.S. would recog-
nize in advance of any specific dis-
pute the compulsory jurisdiction of
the court in any controversies of a
legal character. This movement would
recognize the full authority of the
court.
Great Britain is the only great
power which is now bound by the
compulsory jurisdiction of the court,
Prof. Preuss declared, the adher-
ence of France and China having ex-
pired.
More Coaches
Despite Losses
Although the University Bus Ser-
vice operated at a loss equivalent to
more than $50,000 a year, Willow Vil-
lage veterans will be served with
almost twice as many buses in the
fall, a University official announced
today.
With more than three times as
many veterans expected to live at
"The Village" next semester, the
new program is intended to fill their
transportation needs.
There are now 21 buses on the line
between the campus and the housing
project, but next semester 35 are ex-
pected to be in service.
The bus service operated at a loss
because of the low fares charged
the veterans and due to the fact
that on almost all round-trips, one
run would be made with no passen-
gers.
There will be 16 round trips each
school day. As many as 20 busses
will make the trip during rush hours.
Present plans indicate that the
last scheduled trip for week days will
hn af11,~10 , n * _ n Sstgoriiva smr oi

Michigan Law-Makers Ponder
Rent Control and Veteran Bonus
G

Moratorium Asked
For 60-Day Period

v

LANSING, July 9-W)-The twin
controversies of veterans bonus and
state rent control occupied the Mich-
igan Legislature as it met today in a
special session.
Before the law-makers, Governor
Kelly laid a request that they order
the bonus issue placed on the Novem-
ber general election ballot and enact
an emergency 60-day moratorium on
rents which would freeze all residen-
tial rentals at the June 30, 1946,
level.
The legislators immediately differ-
ed in some respects with the chief
executive's recommendations.
A caucus of the Senate Republican
majority proposed that the bonus
question to be submitted to the people
include a provision showing how it
would be financed. This, Kelly has
opposed.
House leaders said that if that
provision meant a new tax they
would defeat it, but that if it mere-
ly amounted to a generalization they
probably would accept it. %
While the senate caucus took no
vote on rent controls, leaders said the
sentiment appeared to oppose Kel-
ly's plan for a state-wide rent con-
trol. Instead, theasenators were re-
ported to favor applying controls
only in those areas which had OPA
controls or to governmental units
in which the local governing body
formally imposes it.
.At a House hearing, representa-
tives of veteran organizations sup-
ported the bonus principle but argued
against financing the proposed $270,-
000,000 bond issue by increased taxes.
HAINES ADDRESSES TRY-
OUTS
Prof. Donal H. Haines of the
journalism department will lec-
ture to Daily editorial staff tryouts
at 3 p.m. today in The Daily con-
ference room.
Students interested in working
on The Daily editorial staff will
be welcomed at the lecture.

AVC Asks Adoption
Of Revolving Fund
By TOM WALSH
The American' Veterans Committee
has taken a stand in opposition to
the veterans bonus proposal now be-
ing considered by the special ses-
sion of the State Legislature and is
urging the adoption of a veterans
housing -and business loan program
instead.
Neil Staebler, Ann Arbor resident
and spokesman for the state AVC
has presented to Governor Kelly a
plan which calls for the establish-
ment of a state "revolving fund" to
make available low-interest loans for
cost housing and to enable veterans
to set themselves up in businesses or
on farms.
Staebler explained that "the $270,-
000,000 bonus proposal is little more
than a gesture of good will since
the $300 or $400 average payment
will not be sufficient to materially
aid the veteran. Once a bonus has
been paid to the veterans, we realize
that any future assistance from the
state will be highly improbable," he
said.
"We feel," Staebler continued, "that
the finest thing the State can do for
the veterans is to establish a "re-
volving fund" from which the veter-
an can borrow money to buy a home,
get a start in business or purchase a
farm. Within his lifetime nearly ev-
ery veteran will want to buy a honie,
start his own business, or own his
own farm, and the aid that a loan
at a low, one per cent, interest rate
would give him is far more impor-
tant to his future than the bonus
now under consideration.
"The fund proposed by the AVC,"
Staebler stressed, "also takes into
consideration the larger welfare of
the state by making available to
cities, towns, and other governmental
units, loans for the construction of
low-cost housing in local areas where
serious shortages exist.
"The AVC '*feels that the state
should face the problem now of how
any bill to aid the veterans is to be
See AVC, Page 2

Staggered Payment
Is Planned For GI's
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 9-A so-call-
ed "anti-inflationary" plan for stag-
gered payment of about $3,000,000,-
000 to some 15,000,000 veterans reach-
ed the Senate today with blessing
from its military committee and
President Truman.
"This will be ready for Senate
action before the OPA bill is finish-
ed," Senator Edwin C. Johnson
(Dem.-Colo.) told reporters after the
military committee gave approval.
Cash and Bonds
The payments-part in cash and
the bulk in treasury bonds payable
five years after the veteran's dis-
charge and bearing 22 per cent in-
terest-are a substitute for an im-
mediate cash outlay for terminal
leave pay already approved by the
House by a 379 to 0 rollcall.
All commissioned officers who ser-
ved during the recent war received
cash terminal leave payments on re-
lease at the rate of 2%/2 days for each
month of service, less time actually
spent on leaves.
The substitute is intended to grant
all enlisted men and women these
same payments, except that cash
would be paid only on claims of less
than $50, with some exceptions, while
the five-year bonds would be issued
for payments above $50.
President's Idea
Assistant press secretary Eben
Ayers told White House reporters
that the bond payment substitute
"was the President's own idea."
The bond payments would be made
to all enlisted men and women al-
ready discharged and to those still
in service who are discharged before
July 1, 1947.
Payment by bonds also would be
made to officers discharged between
the time the law is enacted and July
1, 1947, replacing the cash payments
they now receive.
None After Next July
No provision is made to pay for
unused leave accumulated after July
1, 1947, either by officers or men.
The leave to be paid for under the
plan is all that has accrued since
Sept. 8, 1939, the date when the first
naval reservists were called up.
Undersecretary of the Navy John
L. Sullivan appeared before the Sen-
ate committee to explain the scheme.
He said the President opposed im-
mediate cash payments because of
the "serious inflationary effect."
The Senate committee gave speedy
and unanimous approval at an exe-
cutive session after Sullivan's testi-
mony.
Professors To Open
Shummer Lectures
Prof. Arthur W. Bromage and Prof.
H. R. Crane, will deliver the first
two lectures of the summer series
on the general topic, "Social Impli-
cations of Modern Science," tomor-
row in Rackham Amphitheatre.
Prof. Bromage, of the political sci-
ence department, will speak on "Tot-
al War and the Preservation of De-
mocracy" at 4:10 p.m. and Prof.
Crane, of the physics department,
will lecture on "Recent Advances in
the Physical Sciences" at 8:10 p.m.
"What Is the Good of Science?"
will be discussed by Ralph Barton
Perry, professor of philosopihy at
Harvard University, at 8:10 p.m. Fri-
day in the Rackham Lecture Hall. All
lectures are open to the public.

JUNIOR COLLEGES PROPOSED TO EASE BURDEN:
'U' Officials Study Plan To Accommodate 30,000 Students

Long-range planning to accom-
modate from 20,000 to 30,000 stu-
dents and involving a network of
subsidiary colleges throughout the
state is now under study by univer-
sity authorities, President Alexander
G. Ruthven revealed yesterday.
Principal objective of the expansion
is to avoid threatened "provincial-
ism", maintain the university's in-
ternational reputation and, at the
same time, provide higher education.
on a superior level for almost three

dents in their home localities and
eliminate over-crowding here. Both
President Ruthven and Mayor Wil-
liam B. Brown, Jr., have asserted that
Ann Arbor is not large enough to
accommodate prospective enrollment.
'U' Students
"The important thing, if such a
plan is developed, is to impress the
idea that students at these proposed
subsidiary colleges, if they are open-
ed, are actually students of the uni-
versity," President Ruthven said yes-

University uses these schools, either
a cooperative administration or a
transfer from the department to the
University's control would be neces-
sary.
Need Instructors
One top-ranking University official
expressed the opinion that to main-
tain sufficiently high academic
standards in a junior college net-
work set-up, the University would
have to furnish instructors. Current
practice is to lower all grades at-

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