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August 16, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-16

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HUMANIZATION

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CLOUDY,
WARMER

See Page 4

VOL. LVI, No. 338 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 16, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

.Housing Shortage,
Affects New 'U'
Faculty Members
Lack of Living Facilities Responsible
In Part for Restricted Admission Policy
By NATALIE BAGROW
The far-reaching effects of Ann Arbor's housing shortage upon the Uni-
versity will be fully realized this fall.
The University business office, laboring under one of the most appar-
ently insoluble difficulties in its administrative history, has succeeded in
placing only slightly more than three-fourths of the expected new faculty
members in need of living accommodations.
Inability to guarantee living quarters for these professors, instructors and
teaching .fellows has been one of the most important reasons for the re-
strictive admission policy for new students, the housing problem for the
latter having been "pretty well lick- -
ed," according to an official spokes-
man in the business office. Prices
Few City Apartments
Although response from the lcal
townspeople to the University's plea Tt
for houses, apartments and rooms in
the city proved singularly small, theS
office has been able to place about
175 faculty members, both unmarriedP
and with families. Accommodations OPA Predicts Public
for this number have been provided Cost of 150 Millions
in Willow Village apartments and
dorhiitories, University Terrace apart- WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 - (') -
inents. and a very small number of Price increases estimated by an OPA
city residences. official to cost the public "well over
lNot more than 15 townspeople have $150,000,000 a year" were granted to-
answered the University plea, a large day on such articles as radios, stoves,
number of these being faculty mem- washing machines, vacuum cleaners,
bera who have opened their homes to toasters and irons.
their colleagues. OPA said the increases were requir-
;etween 20 and 25 members of the ed by the new price control law which
faculty have been placed in apart- specifies that profit margins rn1ust not
znents or houses in the city. The be cut below levels of March 31, 1946.
pt'oblem has been only partly and Items affected are those on which
temporarily solved by placing another dealers had been required to absorb
$3 faculty members and their fami- part of the price increases granted
ties at Willow Village. At least nine earlier to manufacturers.
uimafried teaching fellows and in- The price agency itself announced
stirutors will be living in Willow only that the raises ranged from three
Village dormitories, to 12 per cent. The $150,000,000 esti-
2@ New Iembers Expected mate was given by an official who
With 2x t ewh members of the would not be quoted by name, in re-
faculty expected this fall, the literary sosto eotrsqeyo oa
college, the engineering school and cost.
the University Hospital will suffer Increase Percentage
most from' the"housing shortage. The increase takes effect as soon
Hardest-hit department in the lit- as dealers receive shipments tagged
erary college will be the chemistry by the manufacturers with the new
department, with the mathematics, prices.
speech, -economics, English and psy- The average retail increases on 20
chology departments also suffering classes of consumer goods are:
from the lack of new instructors. On radios and electric phono-
The University Hospital medical graphs, three per cent; electric
staff is also a source of considerable stoves, nine per cent; gas stoves, five
worry to the business staff, which has per cent; small electrical appliances,
the job of placing at least twenty-five toasters, electric irons, heaters, shav-
resident doctors, almost all of whom ers, four per cent; bicycles, 3.5 per
have at least one child, cent; box springs, 12 per cent; ordin-
75 Apartments Needed ary household chinaware, seven per
At least , apartments are still cent; clocks and non-jewel watches,
At leastsix per cent; coal, oil and woodstoves,
needed where families with children fiv per cent; dyateries, eight per
will be accepted. Year-round cot- five per cent; dry batteries, eight per
tages at nearby lakes have been de- cent.
clared acceptable, as well as houses List Continued
or apartments in the city. Household aluminum cooking uten-
onr sils, five per cent; metal bed springs,
of thereasonsfrtheflcacfour per cent; metal cots and double-
of response on the part of local deck beds, three per cent;
townspeople to the University's plea Metal office equipment, four per
is unwillingness to take families with cent; outboard motors, five per cent;
children.cetoubadmtrfvprcn;
eron.woaevphotographic equipment, such as
Persons who have available housing cameras, small projectors and light
accommodations are urged to tele- meters, six per cent.
phone 4121, Extension 81 and list Portable typewriters, five per cent;
these accommodations with either vacuum cleaners, seven per cent;
Mrs. Ethel Hastings or Mrs. Mabel washing machines, seven per cent;
Lowery,. and window shades, ten per cent.
OPA said higher prices for re-
frigerators will be announced short-
Publcapathy ly.
Previous Increases
Shocks Bradle OPA previously had granted in-
creases in manufacturers ceilings on

~ the articles covered by today's action.
Nation Lacks Interest At that time the agenoy required
dealers to absorb some or all of the
In Veteran's Problenis price hike granted to manufactorers.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15- (AP) --
General Omar Bradley, veteran's ad- Used Textbooks I
inistratordeclared himself tonight
to be ; "shocked by the gr'owing in- -tStudent DOOi
difference and apathy" of the public F r1
toward all veterans' problems.
Speaking over a radio network Used textbooks for sale at the
(NBC), the general said that public Student Book Exchange this fall will
indifference was becoming evident be solicited in University residences
"in our attitude toward veterans who all next week, according to Dick Bur-
want education and training, veter- ton, manager of the Student Book
ans trying to start new businesses or Exchange.
to buy farms, veterans seeking Sponsored by the Student Legis-
housing, veterans reestablishing lature, the Book Exchange will pro-
themselves in their professions and vide a medium through which the
trades."vieamdu thogwhcte
"If we want each veteran to be- students can buy and sell their books
"If e wat ech vtern tobe-at reasonable prices.
come a self-respecting useful citizen "Each student who leaves books
in his community," Bradley added, to be sold at the Exchange sets his
"we must not treat him as an out- own prices," Burton stressed. "In the
cast. past the Student Book Exchange has
The administrator spoke shortly saved the students hundreds of dol-
after a news conference in which, lars each semester and this year we
reviewing the work of the adminis- are making a special effort to meet
tration for the last year, he declared the exnected demands of a neak en-

Byrnes Censures Russian Abuse;

Strike
35 American
Ships To Be Hit
By Stoppage
Union Leader Sets Up
Detroit Headquarters
By The Associated Press
CLEVELAND, Aug. 15-A spokes-
man for an oil tanker firm pre-
dicted tonight the strike of Great
Lakes seamen, called by the CIO
National Maritime Union, would tie
up allAmerican'oil tankers on the
lakes, numbering about 35, within
two days.
Otto Wanek, assistant manager of
Cleveland Tankers, Inc., which oper-
ates six oil-carriers, made the pre-
diction, saying most of the tankers
were affected already. Canadaian
lines operate about 40 tankers.
Earlier union president Joseph
Curran said 25 organized and 15
unorganized vessels were strike-
bound in the first day of the walk-
out, called to gain a shortened work
week and other demands.
Curran did not specify the types
of vessels included in the 40. He add-
CLEVELAND, Aug. 15-(P)-The
Lake Carriers' Association said to-
night that only seven of the 316
vessels operated by its members
companies were halted on the first
day of the CIO National Maritime
Union's strike on the Great Lakes.
ed that it would take "a week or ten
days to completely shut down lake
shipping." Besides tankers, there are
about 260 bulk freighters on the lakes,
hauling iron ore, coal, grain and
stone.
Wanek claimed the union had
started its strike against the tankers
before a "cooling off" period had
ended. Strike notices were filed
against the tanker companies on July
24, and Wanek said the strike was
not due until Aug. 23.
Curran meanwhile prepared to set
up strike headquarters in Detroit,
moving most of the national officers
from the temporary headquarters
here.
Curran and several top union of-
ficials left temporary strike head-
quarters tonight for the move to
Detroit, planning to fly to the
auto city. Weather delayed the
plane's 'take-off.
The NMU president said the union
had reverted to its original demands.
In Chicago, the AFL Seafarers In-
ternational Union, claiming to rep-
resent "by far the majority of union
seamen on the Great Lakes," an-
nounced today it would honor picket
lines at vessels under CIO contract
but would "continue to sail SIU con-
tracted ships."
Hopwood Entries
Students competing for one of the
eight prizes offered in the Hopwood
Contests this summer should turn in
their manuscripts at the Hopwood
Room by 4:30 p.m. today.
The Hopwood Contests were open
to students enrolled in the summer
session for the first time in 1938. This
summer one prize of $75 and one of
$50 are to be awarded in the four
fields of writing, drama, essay, fiction
and poetry.
To Be Collected

kExchange Sale
be open Thursday afternoon and all
day Friday for the convenience of'
students.
S"Don'tcarry your books home and
have to lug them back to sell," urged
Burton. "Students can leave their
books at the Exchange next week
and receive payment for them during
the second week of the fall semester,"
he stated.
"I cannot stress too strongly,"
Burton declared, "the need for stu-
dent support of this cooperative ac-
tivity. The Exchange is operated on
a non-profit basis for the benefit of
the students and the degree of its
success will be measured by the ex-
tent of their participation."
Thes e nf hns will e hndled

Wi Tie Up Lake Tankers

C,

Charg"e States
America Was
Misrepresented
Two Senate Leaders
Express 'Solidarity'
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 15-Secretary of
State Byrnes rebuked Russia today
for "repeated abuse and misrepre-
sentation" of the United States in
the peace conference ,and let it be
known that he had summoned Sena-
tors , Tom Connally (Dem., Tex.)
and Arthur Vandenberg (Rep.,
Mich.) back to Paris to aid him.
The two Senate leaders had sat
beside. Byrnes through two ses-
sions of the Paris Foreign Minis-
ters Council which first consider-
ed the treaty drafts now before the
conference. They gave Byrnes a
concrete. expression of national
solidarity in America's foreign po-
licy-a fact which impressed the
Russians.
Byrnes also had intended to ask
the senators to come back to Paris
in anticipation of the holding of
sessions of the Big Four foreign
ministers concurrent with the peace
conference. There was no indication
that the foreign ministers yet had'
decided to hold such concurrent ses-
sions. But if they do, having Con-
nally and Vandenberg here would.
facilitate the actual business of com-
pleting the treaties.
In his speech aimed at Russia,
Byrnes declared that the United
States "has no apology to make for
the principles of justice, equality and
freedom" it sought for the peace
treaties.

LEAVE 'PROMISED LAND'-Jewish immigrants, wh o arrived in Palestine illegally, go up to the gangplank
of a ship at Haifa, to be transported to a detention camp on Cyprus under the British plan for diverting all
illegal immigration for the Holy Land. This is an offic ial British Army photo.

Two Lecturers Stress Different
Roads to World Peace, Security

U.S. Refutes
Partition Plan
For Palestine

Haber Calls Mass Usage
Goal of Social Institutions
"Next to w~frld peace, the major
problem of this generation is to pro-
vide security for the mass of the
people," Prof. William Haber declar-
ed in a lecture yesterday on "Secur-
ity and Freedom."
Noting the lag between the techno-
logical advances of science and our
hesitancy to adjust the administra-
tion of our social activities to meet
the changes, Prof. Haber said that
we must fashion our social institu-
tions to achieve mass consumption.
"In our present economy where
the major portion of the people are
dependent for security upon jobs in
industry rather than upon independ-
ent activity, only government can
adequately protect the community
from unemployment," he stated.
"Our recent war experience," he
declared, "has demonstrated that we
have available all of the natural re-
sources, managerial ability, and social
techniques necessary for the govern-
ment to provide full employment and
security."
Pointing out that there is a wide-
spread feeling that the expansion of
the goernment will endanger the
freedom of the individual, he asserted
that a compromise between free en-
terprise and government regulation
is not only possible but is being work-
ed out now.
Dethmers Given
State Court Job
LANSING, Aug. 15-(P)-Attorney
General John R. Dethmers today was
named by Governor Kelly to the State
Supreme Court bench succeeding
former associate justice Raymond W.
Starr, the new federal judge for the
western district of Michigan.
The Governor appointed Foss O,
Eldred of Ionia, the deputy attorney
general, to replace Dethmers as at-
torney general for the remainder of
the year.
Dethmers, 43, has been one of the
leading "anti-boss" Republicans in
the state since his election as Ottawa
County prosecuting attorney in 1930.
He was chairman of the Republican
State Central Committee from 1942
to 1945 and was credited by many
party leaders with rebuilding the or-
ganizational foundation of the party.
He directed the investigation of
conditions at the state prison of
southern Michigan last summer which
led to the removal of Harry H. Jack-
son as warden.

Keniston Says Humanities
Formulate Value Scales
A synthesis of the methods of sci-
ence and the humanities is the only
solution to the problem of creating
a new peaceful society, Dean Hay-
ward Keniston of the literary college
declared yesterday.
Speaking in the current lecture
series on science, Dean Keniston
pointed out that science by itself
cannot solve any of the country's ma-
jor problems, national or interna-
tional.
Since science is based upon pure
reason and can only answer the
questions of "what" and "how" but
not "why," he said, "we must look to
the humanities, to philosophy, art
and religion, for a scale of values
upon which a standard of judgment
and behavior can be constructed."
Science is by its nature primarily
concerned with material things,
Dean Keniston declared, and as mo-
dern invention has multiplied the
"gadgets" available, man- has be-
come increasingly materialistic. It is
only as he turns to the old and en-
during values revealed through art,
religion, and literature, he said, that
he 'will be able to place science in its
proper place in his standard of val-
ues.
* * *
Cor pton Will Speak
On Atomic Energy
Dr. Arthur H. Compton, chancel-
lor of Washington University in St.
Louis, will speak on "Atomic Ener-
gy, A Human Asset" at 8:10 p.m. to-
day in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Dr. Compton, a physicist and for-
mer Nobel Prize winner, had a lead-
ing part in the development of the
atomic bomb.
This lecture will conclude the Uni-
versity summer series on the "Social
Implications of Modern Science"
which featured 21 speakers in manyl
fields from all over the country.

LONDON, Aug. 15-(P)---Authori-
tative government sources said today
the United States had refused to par-
ticipate in the plan for partitioning
Palestine, thus forcing Britain to seek
an alternative scheme for solving the
explosive Holy Land issue.
These informants said the United
States advised Britain that as the
mandatory power for Palestine she
should go ahead with any action she
deems necessary under the circum-
stances.
In Jerusalem new bomb threats
forced brief evacuation of two key
Jerusalem buildings and temporarily
disrupted Palestine's communications
today while the British army stepped
up its alert against the possibility
of a Jewish general revolt urged
by the underground Irgun Zvai Leu-
mi.
Tension increased further as a 300-
ton schooner carrying more than 800
illegal Jewish immigrants arrived at
Haifa Harbor. Haifa police said they
feared a possible mob attempt to
storm the docks to free refugees
aboard stil lanother ship who are
expected to be deported.
In Washington, presidential press
secretary Charles G. Ross said Presi-
dent Truman sent the British govern-
ment, through regular State Depart-
ment channels, , certain suggestions
to be - thrown into the discussion of
the Palestine problem, suggestions
he thought might be helpful. He did
not propose anything in the way of
a formal plan."
Authoritative sources here declared
Truman's note announced he could
neither accept nor reject at this time
without "the support of the American
people" the proposal to divide the
Holy Land- into one Jewish, one Arab
and two central provinces.
The Foreign Office said a decision
had been made "at the highest gov-
ernment level" not to publish Tru-
man's letter or make known details
of its contents.

Byrnes won immediate support
from Britain's A. V. Alexander, who
declared "the words of the first
delegate of the United States are
in full accord with the sentiments
of Great Britain."
The American secretary, saying
"peace among the Allies in this in-
terdependent world cannot be fur-
thered" by ignoring such attacks,
hit at substitution of "some other
country" for the place Germany oc-
cupied in dominating the economy
of the beaten nations.
He defended vigorously the eco-
nomic proposals made by the
United States for the peace treat-
ies, and in commenting on repara-
tions deliveries said they "take
valuable assets from these im-
poverished lands and necessarily
slow down their economic recov-
ery."
Several hours later Soviet Foreign
Minister Molotov, replying to Byrnes,
charged that the United States "takes
a stand against reparations, al-
though the signature of the United
States is on the agreements."
CIO Demiands
Congress Raise
Wage Standard
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15-(P)-
The CIO demanded today that the
government raise wage standards un-
der its stabilization program and
hinted of a new round of wage de-
mands unless the rise of living costs
is checked.
Philip Murray, CIO president, again
called on President Truman to ar-
range a labor-management confer-
ence to consider pay boosts for labor
and to frame "adequate guarantees
for a stabilized national economy."
Murray warned in a policy state-
ment presented to top CIO national
and regional leaders and adopted by
them that "labor cannot continue to
participate in a stabilization program
in which wages are rolled back while,
at the same time, increases in the
cost of living become a daily occur-
rence."
Specifically the CIO, at Murray's
call, adopted a platform favoring re-
control of prices of dairy products,
meat, grains and other food items
and a return of subsidies.
AFL President William Green turn-
ed thumbs down on Miurn.zr nfa,.

Flying Tigers Will Participate
In A ir Circus at Willow A ir port

Captain Ward Irwin, a University
student, will be among the partici-
pants in the Flying Tigers Air Cir-
cus which is to be presented tomor-
row and Sunday at Willow Run Air-
port from 2 to 5 p.m. each day.
Irwin will participate in an aerial
"dng-fight" with two nther Arm v

jumps, will thrill the crowd with a
special "breakaway" jump in which
he will use two chutes, slip the first,
drop several thousand feet in a free
fall, and save himself by opening the
second chute just before hitting the
ground.
"nrH n rlacrll..^ an -- t --4

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