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August 11, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-11

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SENATOR
VANDENBERG

Y L

1.11wF

4IAii4

PARTLY CLOUDY,
COOL

See Page 2

VOL. LVI, No. 29S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 11, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Paris Peace Treaty
Proposals Blasted
By Italian Premier
Urges Year Delay of Final Agreement;
Opposes Internationalization of Trieste
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 10-Italy's Premier struck out at the proposed Italian
peace treaty today as "punitive" and beyond his country's capacity to fulfill,
and urged the peace conference to postpone for a year settlement of the
Trieste and other frontier problems.
The decision to internationalize Trieste, Preier Alcide De Gasperi said,
was "a bite into our very flesh."
Pleading Italy's cause before an afternoon session which received his
arguments in cold silence, De Gasperi protested the deep slash in Italy's
armaments, the bills for reparations, and the changes in the Italian frontier,
particularly the Big Four decision on
I Triest and Venezia Giulia.

Alabama Race
Riot Reported
White Mobs of 2,000
Attack Athens Negroes
ATHENS, Ala., Aug. 10-(/P)-A
fist fight between two white war
veterans and a Negro -touched off
race rioting in which between 50 and
100 Negroes were estimated to have
been injured, some of them knocked
down and trampled, here today.
County court Judge D. L. Rosenau
said old and crippled Negroes were
among many he saw knocked down
and trampled by white mh'obs, esti-I
mated to have reached a total of 2,000
men at one time.
"I expect at least 50 to 100 Negroes'
were injured," Rosenau reported.
"The Negroes were chased of the
streets by the mobs."
He added that about 10 white men
had been arrested.
The judge said a semblance of
order was restored about nightfall
after law enforcement officers from
all over northern Alabama poured
into this agricultural center, of some
5,000 population. A local state guard
company was mobilized to help keep
the peace.
The two white participants in the
fight were arrested but the Negro
escaped.
Mayor R. H. Richardson, Jr., said
he later freed the two White men
after members of the mob promised
to disperse.

He buttressed his request for a de-
lay by reference to Italian claims for
damage against Germany, asking: "Is
this not another proof that no final
settlement in Europe can be attained
before peace is made with Germany?"
No Applause
There was no applause or other
demonstration by the conference
after De Gasperi's speech, but as
he walked back up the center aisle
U.S. Secretary of State Byrnes lean-
ed out and shook hands with him.
The t conference adjourned until
Monday with a decision to defer dis-
cussions on the Italian plea until
then. It also took no action after a
morning's debate on admission of
Albania as a member. Soviet Foreign
Minister V. M. Molotov again walked
from the room while the Greek dele-
gate was speaking, and the Yugo-
slav delegate charged that. it was the
Policyof Greece, bitter opponent of
Albania, "to foment and start war in
the Balkans."
Urges Delay
De Gasperi, urging delay on Trieste,
said:
"I am well aware that peace must
somehow be made, that the dead-
lock must be broken. But on the
other hand if you have deferred by
one year the colonial settlement for
lack of a good solution, why can you
not do likewise for the Julian (Tri-I
este and Venezia Giulia) problem?
De Gasperi described the "French
Line" proposed as the frontier be-
tween Italy and Yugoslavia as a "line
of political expediency" which left
180,800 Italians in Yugoslavia and
59,000 Slavs on Italian Soil.

'No Bribes'
Mortenson
Maintains
By CLYDE RECUT
Sherman H. Mortenson, suspend-
ed Ann Arbor police chief, yesterday
emphatically denied allegations that
he had accepted money from gamb-
lers and permitted gambling to flour-
ish here in testimony before the po-
lice commission as his removal hear-
ing swung into its fifth day.
As the session adjourned yester-
day until 9 a.m.. Tuesday, indications
were that at least one more day of
testimony would be needed before the
commission could reach a decision
on the ouster of Mortenson and De-
tective Lt. Eugene L. Gehringer, also
charged with misfeasance, malfeas-
ance and neglect of duty. Gehringer
has yet to take the stand in his own
defense.
On examination by Louis Burke,
defense counsel, Mortenson stanch-
ly denied previous testimony given
by Joseph Huizenga, a patrolman;
Nick Theros, local numbers racke-
teer; and Clarence DeLuce, a
Jackson Prison convict formerly
employed in a local liquor club.
Huizenga had charged that fol-
lowing his submission of a report on
gambling activity at the United Ci-
gar Store, 118 E. Huron, Mortenson
had said, "There's no sense in both-
ering with the cigar store. If you
stop it in one place, it will just start
up in another." Mortenson cortended
that this conversation never took
place.
Theros had previously told the
commission that he "gave Morten-
son between $180 and $200 in 1941,
and. 1942 while selling policy tickets
in the street.
Mortenson stated he had never
taken money from Theros, al-
though he admitted receiving bas-
kets of fruit from Theros twice at
Christmastime.
The practice, Mortenson said, was
not unusual since he had been the
recipient of many gifts at Christ-
mas from countless individuals and
business houses. Many of these gifts,
he added, were divided equally with
other members of the police force
while presents of money were de-
posited in a "Police Officers' Fund"
to help defray the expenses of an
annual banquet.
DeLuce had testified that Morten-
son once told him not to say any-
thing if called before the one-man
grand jury gambling investigation.
Mortenson branded this as untrue
also. He said Sheriff John Osborn
had accompanied him to Gary, In-
diana, to bring DeLuce back to Ann
Arbor on a grand larceny charge. De-
Luce was booked at the police sta-
tion and nothing was mentioned of
the grand jury, according to Morten-
son.
During cross-examination by
Special Prosecutor William D.
Brusstar, Mortensonadmitted he
had never questioned John M. Jet-
ter, Wilson Haight or Vernon
Maulbetsch, present and former
owners of the United Cigar Store
which housed a horse-race hand-
book, on their gambling activities.
When asked by Brusstar why he
had never ordered gambling wiped
out at the United Cigar Store and
the OK Pool Room, 212 N. Fourth,
Mortenson said, "I can't answer." He
contended his powers as police chief
were not great enough to stamp out
gambling while the grand jury has
enough force to do so.
Mortenson denied knowledge that
anyone on the police force had been

paid to collect bad checks for local
merchants.

Chinese Peace Called 'Impossible'
In Statement by General Marshall
And Dr. Stuart, New Ambassador
.. Last Appeal
For Coalitions

May Be Made
Marines Engaged
In New Outbreak
NANKING, Aug. 10--0P)-A gen-
eral peace for China appears impos-
sible, even though all the Chinese
desire it, America's two top envoys
to this divided nation announced to-
day in a gloomy and unprecedented
statement.
General Marshall, special presi-
dential emissary, and Dr. John Leigh-
ton Stuart, new U.S. ambassador, is-
sued their statement to correspond-
ents against a background of spread-
ing warfare between Chinese Com-
munists and Government troops and
at a moment when U.S. Marines were
battling train wreckers in North
China.
Despite this open pessimism, some
observers here expressed belief that
General Marshall would try one last
fling at peace by appealing for a
coalition.government before abandon-,
ing his patient eight-month effort.
It was generally believed,- how-
ever, that Marshall already was con-
vinced there was no path to peace
through continued negotiations- on
the present levels-even though he
has been negotiating .all along with
Generalissimo. Chiang Kal-Shek,
head of the government, and with
Gen. Chou En-Lai, Communist pleni-
potentiary.
The Marshall-Stuart statement
gave no hint what the next move
might be.
Prof. Lin Says
Marshall Fight,
But Has Faith

CHURCH DEMOLISHED IN DOMINICAN QUAKE-. Searchers pick their way amid the rubble of an earth-
quake destroyed church in the town of Mloca, Domini can Republic. Located in the north central part of the
Caribbean island, the town suffered heavily from the first of the series of earthquakes. Two slight new tremors
shook the island again yesterday.

World News at a Glance
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10-The Senate War Investigating Committee
has unearthed evidence indicating former Treasury employes received
favors for steering to brokers lend-lease contracts on which excessive profits
were made, Counsel George Meader said today.'
Meader told a reporter that high on the committee's list for future
action are reports that gross profits ranging as high as 955 per cent had
been made on contracts, obtained by "desk and chair" brokers who re-
portedly gave week-end parties for government employes.
GORHAM, N.H., Aug. 10--()-Twenty persons were injured-two
of them suffering broken backs-in P. train wreck on the cog railway
tonight 600 feet from the summit of 6,293 foot high Mount Washington,
New England's highest mountain.
* * * *
NEW YORK, Aug. 10-A $4,500,000 donation for a new liberal arts
college, made by Paul Mellon, son of the late Andrew J. Mellon, was
announced today by Stringfellow Barr, educator.
Barr, now President of St. John's College, Annapolis, Md., said he would
leave St. John's to head the new institution.
* *
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10-Federal conciliators reported today one
of four issues involved in the strike threatened by the CIO National
Maritime Union on Great Lakes shipping appeared to have been settled.
The strike was tentatively set for next Wednesday at midnight.

New Quakes
Hit Dominican
Republi c; 73'Die
CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican
Republic, Aug. 10-(P)-Terror grip-
ped the population of the northern
provinces of the Dominican Repub-
lic tonight following two new chocks
today in the six-day series of earth-
quakes and tidal waves which left 73
persons dead and 20,000 homeless.
Hunger threatened the weary in-
habitants when attempts by the gov-
ernment to rush food to the stricken
areas were hampered seriously by
washouts of roads and bridges in
the paths of swollen streams.
Apprehension was at its greatest
near Bahia Escocesa (Scotch Bay)
where the food shortage was particu-
larly acute and clothing and medical
supplies were reported by authorities
to be running out.
Throughout the week, earth trem-
ors of varying intensity jarred the
northern part of the island fre-
quently. False rumors of imminent
new quakes and tidal waves iitensi-
fied the panic.
U.S. Officials
Sean Romanian
Political Status
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10- (P) -
American officials studying current
Communist moves to smash political
opposition in Romania said today
that Russia, with the aid of its local
Communist leaders, appeared to be
making a desperate drive-concur-
rent with Paris Peace Treaty draft-
ing-to solidify control throughout
Eastern Europe.
The State Department is expected
to make a formal statement of its
views on the situation on Monday.
Meanwhile authorities here private-
ly described events in Romania, in-
volving the detention of Romanian
citizens employed by the American;
Government there, as part of a gen-
eral pattern by which an effort is
being made to sweep away political
opponents of the Red regimes before
the peace treaties can become effec-
tive.
It is expected here that imposi-
tion of the peace treaties will con-
siderably curtail Russia's actions in
some areas, notably Romania, Bul-
garia, and Hungary, although so long
as they manage to keep Russian
Arv forces in anv of those couflintries

LONDON, Aug. 10-(--P) -Britain
awaiting President Truman's verdict
on the plan for a federated Palestine,1
served notice unofficially today that
her warships would intercept, search,
and arrest any vessels of another na-
tion carrying illegal Jewish immi-
grants to the Holy Land.
An official cabinet statement on'
policy for Palestine was expected
shortly in which the British would
outline plans for a strict crackdown
throughout Europe against illegal
Dr. Bell Gives
Health Resume
Busy Season Spent
By 'U' Health Service
The health of summer session stu-
dents this year has been "reason-
ably good," although the University
Health Service has been "busy," Dr.
Margaret M. Bell, acting director,
declared yesterday.
There were -the usual number of
chronic cases that needed treatment,
she stated. "We were impressed by
the number of patients that came
with persistent tumors of unexplain-
ed character." These were examined
to see if they were cancerous and
many were removed. There is "more
of this in the summer because of the
older group," Dr. Bell explained, and
this is not the kind of prevention we
would like to have.
No cases of infantile paralysis have
been reported at Health Service, but
if the health commissioners should
make recommendations, precaution-
ary measures would have to be taken,
she pointed out.
Health Service is "on the alert," Dr.
Bell indicated for any new disease
that may be brought back by over-
seas troops, but the main diseases
the doctors must watch for at present
are tuberculosis, syphilis and cancer.
Malaria has also been occurring more
frequently, but she added that sev-
eral new drugs are being perfected
to combat this and Health Service is
expecting to use them.

immigrants now treking by tens of
thousands across the war-torn con-
tinent toward Palestine.
In Cyprus, the British rapidly were
erecting accommodations in the Car-
aola detention camp near Famagusta,
apparently for Jews taken from ves-
sels diverted from Palestine, amid
reports that the first immigrants
would arrive Monday.
At 10 Downing Street, officials
worked on a statement of policy
which, authoritative sources said, en-
visioned land operations throughout
Europe to end illegal immigration of
Jews to the Holy Land; the sea
blockade; the establishment of the
Cyprus Detention Camp, and an ap-
peal to sparsely populated countries
to absorb as many of Europe's fugi-
tive Jews as possible.
Whitehall sources said the British
Army in Palestine was prepared for
"major developments."
In tense Jerusalem, an authorita-
tive source said serious trouble was
brewing for the Holy Land no matter
what steps the British took. If im-
migration were stopped, he said, "The
Jews will cause trouble," and if im-
migration were continued, "There will
be trouble from the Arabs."
* * *
Truman May Agree
To British Proposal

ACTORS ARE TEA-TIPPLERS:
Prop Girls Tell Backstage Secrets

British Set For Crackdown on
Jewish Immigrants to Palestine

WASHINGTON, Aug. 10- (R) -
President Truman's advisors on Pal-
estine today were considering accept-
ance of a British-backed plan for
partition of the Holy Land provided
the zone assigned to the Jews could
be enlarged and given greater auto-.
nomy.
The final plan, in thepopinion -of
these experts, should provide not
only for the immediate entry of 100,-
000 Jews but also for a long-range
flow of Jewish immigrants.
Whether th.is plan for accepting
the partition program actually will
get President Truman's approv-
al was an open question, since there
appears still to be considerable op-
position to any partitioning among
those who have some influence with
top administration leaders.

By PHYLLIS KAYE
Prof. Lin Tung-chi of political sci-
ence at Futan University in Shang-
hai, China, declared yesterday that
he was not "shocked" over Gen. Mar-
shall's declaration that complete ces-
-sation of hostilities in all of China
"appears impossible."
Gen. Marshall's statement "most
likely indicates the facts of the situa-
tion," he declared, but failure to
reach a final solution at this moment
should not be taken as "cause for
despair."
Visiting Here
Prof. Lin is visiting the University
this week on his way to Stanford
University, in California, where he
will lecture for 'the fall quarter on
Chinese civilization and Chinese poli-
tical thought.. He is in the United
States as a guest of the State Depart-
ment.
The work Gen. Marshal lhas been
doing has been "very valuable," Prof.
Lin pointed out, and continued Amer-
ican effort would be helpful. "How-
ever, the problem does not lend it-
self to quick solution," he said.
Confusion Reigns
He explained that China is suffer-
ing from general "psychological con-
fusion" as a result of this war. She
shares this confusion with the rest
of the world only it is greatly in-
tensified in China because of the
revolution and civil war in the past
two decades, he added.
"We cannot expect the rest of the
world to straighten out its problems
in a short time," Prof. Lin stated.
"We may have to wait longer for
China since the issues involved are-
complex."
No 'All-out' War
"Complete cessation" of all strife
may not be possible at this moment,
he said, but that does not necessarily
mean China will go for "all-out"
civil war. The economic situation of
the country is such that this would
cause the destruction of the Xuomin-
tang and Communist parties, as well
as the nation. "I believe the leaders
of the two parties are not totally un-
aware of this," Prof. Lin asserted.
"The door for peaceful bargaining is
not closed."
Time is needed and a progressive

Everything actors drink on the
Lydia Mendelssohn stage is in real-
ity cold tea, Dorothy Hickman and
Cecila Armstrong, head prop girls
said yesterday.
"Whatever they call it, cider, beer,
wine, coffee or tea, it is still tea,"
the girls said. "We make tea of all
different strengths so that it re-
sembleA in color the beverage it is
supposed to be." Tea is a beverage
to which actors are easily accus-
tomed, they explained. A fizzy drink
could make an actor choke on an
important line.
Gooey or sticky food is another
thing not tolerated on stage, they
report. "We spread bread with may-

stool three inches from a left table
leg he means that. An actor stands
in the same place saying the same
line every night. It would spoil his
"stage business' if the furniture were
moved causing him to take a circu-
lar route to a certain spot." It would
cause action to look unnatural or
clumsy to the audience and because
of this we mark floors with chalk
around chair and table legs so that
furniture will always be in the same
place," they explained.
The property crew experiences a
stage fright equal to that of the ac-
tors just before a play begins, the
girls said. "Just the idea of what a
misplaced prop could do to an actor

day. They watch all dress rehearsals
knowing that missing properties and
their effects upon actors will be-
come evident then. Wednesday nights
the voluntary property crews from
play production classes take over,
and Miss Hickman and Mrs. Arm-
strong begin to locate properties for
the next play.
Finding properties is a very amus-
ing job, Miss Hickman and Mrs.
Armstrong said. After looking in all
the junk yards in Ann Arbor and
Ypsi, they found the cast iron stove
for "Papa Is All" in a second hand
store. After trying antique stores
from Ann Arbor to Ypsi, they finally
located a coffee grinder in the Har-
*.,c- CnnA 0nra m'Tn.. nr ~ar,.r, -4r., i,-~

FUNDS FALL SHORT: -
Vets Ask Increased 'Subsistence
I.. '

Special To The Daily
YPSILANTI, Aug. 10-An increase

$15 added for the first child and
$10 for each additional child. The

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