:.THE MICHIGAN DAILY' FRIDAY, A
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of Student Publications.
the University of
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Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ............................... Clyde Recht
University ........................Natalie Bagrow
Sports.......... ..................Jack Martin
Women's .................................. Lynne Ford
Business Manager ........................ Janet Cork
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By HAROLD L. ICKES
T HE ROAD To HELL may be paved with good
intentions but this cannot be said of the road
If there ever was any doubt that Jews who
want to go to Palestine should be allowed to
go, that doubt was resolved by the bloody po-
grom recently in Kielce, Poland-a pogrom
that has been followed by more murders of
helpless men, women and children.
And while Jews are being made a blood-sacri-
fice to ignorance and superstition in Poland, the
United States of America, and its only slightly
less powerful particeps criminis, Great Britain,
are allowing more tarnish to gather upon the
faith that we have pledged to the Jews. Instead
of redeeming the promise of the Balfour Declara-
"~~~l ~ t t~ ~6~~~-'"
'Guinea Pigs' Far~e* ...
To the Editor:
This much publicized examination (Graduate
Record Examinations) does not test a student's
knowledge of a subject, but is chiefly a "concen-
tration" or a speed test. For example, the mathe-
matics examination which requires a person
to "work out" 45 problems in 55 minutes is a
farce. Many students could get a grade of 90
per cent for their knowledge of mathematics,
but because they are not fast workers they must
take a grade of perhaps 30 per cent because
they cannot cover the ground. This is a very
unfair examination for those who are slow work-
This examination appears to be a "racket"
enabling certain persons with new-fangled ideas
to stay on a "payroll." Also there should be more
expressions of opinions on the part of grad-
uate students who are made the "guinea pigs" of
-Wm. J. Kennick
* * *
tion that Palestine ,should become a "National
Jewish Home," the british are encouraging the
King of Saudi-Arabia in his resistance to further
Jewish immigration. And so, it seems, is the
I have before me the Saudi-Arabian budget
for 1945. It opens with the exhortation "In the
nane of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassion-
ate," which of course means neither mercy nor
compassion for the Jews. This budget shows
these interesting items under the heading, "Sub-
sidies received during the year:",
Remainder of minted Riyals received from
America under 1943 agreement .... $2,700,000
Value of 200,000 sovereigns received from Bri-
tish Government ....... ....about $2,400,000
Value of 450,000 pounds received from the Bri-
tish Government .......... about $1,800,000
Value of 92,013 pounds received from the British
Government for the account of the Saudi
Legations............. .....about $400,000
Received from the American Government out of
the 10,000,000 riyals (1944 agreement) ......
Total....................... about $8,500,000
In other words, the American Government
has been subsidizing a foreign potentate whose
announced purpose it is to defeat the policy
that we have announced with respect to Pal-
Almost a year ago the Secretary of the Inter-
ior was asked to join in a recommendation that
the Congress appropriate $20,000,000 to "lend"
to King Ibn Saud. He refused. Now, it appears,
that, without the consent, or even the know-
ledge, of the American people, we have been
contributing to King Ibn Saud through some
convenient device such as the Export-Import
Bank, Lend-Lease or the R.F.C.
However, the operation has assumed a differ-
ent form. Saudi-Arablia is now applying for a
"loan" of $10,000,0000 from the Export-Impork
Bank. There has been no publicity in connection
with this negotiation. In this, as in other in-
stances, the United States seems to be able to
operate behind an iron curtain of its own.
In the meantime, the 100,000 homeless Jews
who have been counting upon President Tru-
man's support of their wish to emigrate to Pal-
estine are wondering with dread whether they
will be able to establish themselves there in timi
to escape the death that other ignorant and
bloodthirsty mobs may inflict upon them.
In the meantime, also, the American repre-
sentatives on the so-called Anglo-American Cab-
inet Committee now in Lonaon made a mock of
President Truman's recominendation of a year
ago, after the shocking Harrison report, that
there be admitted to Palestine immediately the
100,000 homeless European Jews about whom we
talk so much and do so little.
The President again made this urgent recom-
mendation two months ago, when the Anglo-
American Committee of Inquiry, after four ar-
duous months of travel and first-hand investi-
gation, reported unanimously that the 100,000
must be allowed to go to Palestine immediately.
As has happened so often in the past, in
foreign affairs America has cut her suit to a
pattern imposed by the British. I regret this
both as an American and as one who has a
deep sense of respect and liking for the Bri-
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
lJ a K"
T HE LATEST "big brother" sug-
gestion the United States has ex-
tended to her Latin American neigh-
bors is that they standardize their
military forces along the same lines
as the United States Army and Navy.
This proposal is in direct op-
position to the hands-off policy re-
cently advocated in regard to South
America. In Mexico, the suggestion
of standardization was received
with extreme disfavor. Military
authorities there claim that unifi-
cation of training and equipment
would leave the Latin Americans
too closely bound to the United
A Mexican general recently inter-
viewed by an American correspond-
ent declared that Russia had made
the United States look "foolish" in
deciding postwar issues. Latin Amer-
icans do not wish to become irrevoc-
ably entangled with a country that
cannot hold her own in world affairs
and such entanglement might be
the result of closer military connec-
tion with the U.S. The present situa-
tion, where American and Latin
American armies are in continuous
friendly contact is considered suffic-
This problem is merely one phase
of our Latin American relations
and it seems apparent that, while
openly avowing no further inter-
ference in South American affairs,
we are subtlyutrying to strengthen
our position and influence in that
area. However, Mexico, and other
countries as well, are beginning to
catch on to Anierican tactics. Pat-
ronage is at an end and diplomatic
relations based on equality are the
order of the day.
-Phyllis L. Kaye
"Mother is a little fountain of energy."
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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN'
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: PHYLLIS KAYE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
A Lasting Peace
TWENTY-ONE NATIONS are today engaged
in an earnest attempt to capture the most
elusive object in the world-lasting peace-in an
incongruous atmosphere of hate, pessimism and
active preparations for war.
The peace-makers, meeting in Paris just six
'years after Hitler's savage conquest of that
city, have nevertheless made an auspicious be-
gining by scoring a double victory at the very
start: the first is the decision to open both
the committee meetings and the general Con-
ference sessions to the public, and the second
is the publication of the preliminary drafts
of the peace treaties submitted to the Con-
ference by the Big Four Powers.
These treaty drafts are at the moment the
most important concrete and material aspect of
the world's concerted efforts toward peace. As
such, they will guide the work of the Confer-
ence and, equally important, they will serve as
the criterion by which the world will judge that
That it is the imperative duty of every citi-
zen of the world to consider these proposals
with seriousness and a sense- of personal ob-
ligation cannot be too strongly emphasized.
Because the texts of. the treaty drafts have
been printed in full in the most outstanding
newspapers in the country, there is abso-
lately no excuse for negligence on the part of
every adult, no matter in what occupation he
may be engaged, student, farmer, business-
man, housewife or government worker.
The Danubian nations are dealt with in these
treaty drafts according to the degree of interest
they showed in deserting the failing Nazi cause
and the zeal they displayed in aiding the Allies.
.The draft treaties for Italy, Finland, Hungary,
Bulgaria and Runania saddle the former Hitler
satellites with reparations, strict economic con-
trols, loss of territory and reduction of their
These nations are not left entirely unarmed
or without hope, although their armaments are
greatly reduced, to be sure. Frontier alignments
and many difficult economic matters await the
most decisive discussion.
The treaties are, of course, not final. They
must be subject to action by the Conference and
finally by agreement among the Four Powers,
one of which, the Soviet Union, has emerged as
Europe's dominant power, political and psycho-
logical as well as military.
The crucial points of disagreement among th
Powers include a wide divergence of opinion be-
tween the Soviet Union on the one hand and the
United States and the United Kingdom on the
other in the matter of interpreting economic re-
lations between Allied and federated nations.
For the rest of us, the essential problem re-
mains not one of technical treaties, but the
summoning up of a determined will to peace
and international morality, without which
treaties may be torn up and pledges violated,
because merely signing a lot of formal docu-
ments will no more guarantee peace than did
the Treaty of Versailles and all its predeces-
'Sticks of Dynamite' ., *
To the Editor:
EING a Puerto Rican myself, I was very inter-
ested to read what Miss Lillian Martin had
to say on education in my country, on the first
page of last Sunday's Daily. Words become
sticks of dynamite when they are used in re-
lation to countries and peoples. It is a delicate
enough proposition to speak of one individual,
infinitely more so when we try to feel the pulse
of a cultural collectivity, the intricate result of
time, events, and millions of spirits. As an in-
dividual and a Puerto Rican, I wish to point out
to Miss Martin and The Michigan Daily my ob-
jections and comments to the article in question.
Latin America's educational system is quali-
fied as "crude." I don't know what is meant
by its "crudeness"--the writer or speaker gives
no explanation. It seems to me that out of the
most elemental consideration toward the two
hundred or so regular Latin American students
in this University, one should abstain from
such words unless full proof is to be offered.
Furthermore, though the technical, specialized
preparation of the average Latin American stu-
dent is inferior to the North American's, the
general cultural background of the former is
superior to that of the latter.
Puerto Rica has been prepared for self-gov-
ernment since before the Spanish-American
War, and Spain, recognizing the cultural sov-
ereignty of our island, was already taking de-
finite steps for the prompt grant of indepen-
dence by 1898. However, according to Miss Mar-
tin we have "hit upon" the ideas of mass edu-
cation "as a .means" of readying the island for
statehood or possible independence. Our in-
crease in education, the same as the world's, is
a, manifestation of maturation, of the fact that
we are, and have been for some time, ready for
self-government. If Miss Martin's statement
were true, I would say my people were not ready
for independence, for such a -premeditated out-
burst pro education as a "means" to self-gov-
ernment would be significant of, our immaturity.
Education is the imperative result of a thirst
for knowledge springing out of the demands of
an advancing cultural state, and not a decision
towards a specific aim.
"Only since 1943 has an active effort toward
general education been speeded." Though I
consider this statement drastic, I agree with
Miss Martin. But she fails to explain that edu-
cation's enemy in Puerto Rico has always been
the island's limited economy, and not a lack of
interest in the people. Lack of text-books and
school buildings, underpaid teachers, and the
monetary burdens laid upon youth at a very
early age are the foes that education has al-
ways faced. As the economy of the island has
improved, the opportunity for education has
increased. Yet, and I wish to stress this par-
ticularly, the cultural demand of the Puerto
Rican people has always been the encourag-
ing aspect of our education.
I think Miss Martin, or The Michigan Daily,
has expressed ideas on Puerto Rican education
negligently and inaccurately, leading to the pos-
sibility of serious, misinterpretations on the
part of the reader.
-Richard F. Defendini
Art Cinema League presents "Heart of a Na-
tion, with Raimnu, lichele Morgan and Charles
Boyer in Rackham Amphitheatre.
HIS French propaganda film was seized by
the Germans who entered Paris before it
could be shown. Obviously intended to rally the
nation from its pre-war apathy which even in
war undermined French efforts, Heart of a Na
tion depicts the history of one family "through
three wars." The fact that the French fought
the Germans three times within the lifetime of
a really-old man was reiterated at least seven-
teen times. I'm afraid the film rather had it
coming to it when the young lady with me said
she felt as though she's been through three wars
herself watching the piece.
It seems that the Germans confiscated all the
films when they entered Paris. Significantly
from the point of view of French movie-making,
this was the only one concerned with a subject
which bothered the Nazis 'enough for them to
ban it. One copy of the picture escaped, however.
Charles Boyer has tacked a prologue and English
narrative onto it, and added a De Gaulle-to-the-
rescue sequence. The Boyer additions seemed
to me to add the final, hardly forgivable, obvious
touch to this already obvious propaganda piece.
The writers of Heart of a Nation had more
than a little good material to work with. The
idea of following a family through recent history,
although trite, has its merits. In addition there
were' some fine humorous sequences. But the
film suffered from lack of cutting, and from its
commonplace treatment of material too familiar
to take such handling. The technical camera
work was spotty, running from dull to poor most
of the time. Complete sympathy with the French
cause (although not so certain and complete
regarding Gen. De Gaulle) and my enjoyment
of several very amusing scenes did not save
Heart of a Nation for me. -Milt Freudenheim
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angell Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (11:00
FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 22S
All Veterans enrolled in the Univer-
sity under Public Law 16 or 346 who
are not receiving subsistence allow-
ance are requested to report to Rm.
100 Rackham Building Monday, Aug-
ust 5, between the hours of 8:30 a.m.
and 3:00 p.m., so that action can be
taken to expedite payment of sub-
Mr. Scallan of Proctor and Gamble
wilJ be at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, on Friday,
August 2 to interview any young
men who are interested in sales work.
Call extension 371 for an appoint-
The fourth clinic will be held at-
the Fresh Air Camp Friday, August 2,
at 8:00-p.m. The visiting consultants
will be Dr. Wilma Donahue, Director
of the Psychological Clinic and Mrs.
Margaret Pintler, Chief Psychologist
in charge of the childrens' division
of the Psychological Clinic.
The regular meeting of the Uni-
versity Women Veterans Association
will be held at 7:00 Monday evening,
August 5, at the Michigan League.
A discussion of the coming year's
activities will be held, and all inter-
ested service women are urged to
"Solutions for Inflation" will be the
topic for panel discussion sponsored
by the Inter-Cooperative Council at
the Robert Owen Cooperative House,
101 Oakland, on Friday, August 2,
at 8:00 p.m. Prof. William B. Palmer,
of the Economics Department, will
lead the discussion. The public is
x The Kamehameha School for Girls
in Honolulu has an eighth and ninth
grade English position. Candidates
should have some training in speech
correction, remedial teaching, and
be able to put on an eighth grade
play. This position is for a woman
between twenty-four and thirty years
of age with two years of teaching
experience. For further details call
the Bureau of Appointments, Miss
The Board of National Missions of
the Presbyterian Church in the Uni-
ted States of America has teaching
vacancies in Alaska, New Mexico,
Arizona, Utah in the following fields:
English, Home Economics, Music,
Mathematics and Science, Social Sci-
ence, Commercial, Arts and Crafts,
Manual Arts, Elementary, Physical
Education. Salaries consist of cash
stipend, maintenance, and traveling
expenses to field. Full details may be
had at the Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
There will be a lecture by Clifford
Woody, Professor of Education on
Friday, August 2, at 4:05 p.m. in the
University High School Auditorium.
The topic will be "Reading Interests
of Boys and Girls."
Forum: The Unrest in Palestine:
A lecture and discussion, led by the
Rev. BernardsHeller, Ph.D., athor
of "The Odyssey of A Faith," former-
ly with Hillel Foundation, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, Sunday,
August 4, at 8:15 p.m.
Lecture on "Supersonic Wind Tun-
nel Tests at the British National
Physical Laboratory": Dr. W. F. Hil-
ton will lecture on this subject at
3:30 p.m. today, in Kellogg Auditor-
ium, School of Dentistry. Lecture will
include a series of slides and one
15-minute film. The faculty and stu-
dents of the several departments in
Engineering and of the Physics and
Mathematics Departments are cordi-
ally invited to attend this lecture
which is sponsored by the Department
of Aeronautical Engineering.
Doctoral Examination for George
Middleton McEwen, English; thesis:
"The Emergence of Critical Impres-
sionism in England," Saturday, Aug-
ust 3, at 10:00 a.m. in Rm. 3223
Angell Hall. Chairman, C. D. Thorpe.
Student Recital: A wind instru-
ment program, assisted by Mildred
Minneman Andrews and Beatrice
Gaal, pianists, will be presented in
Harris Hall, Friday afternoon, August
2 at 2:00. The program will include
Andantimo by JeanJean, La Joyeuse
by Dacquin, Aubade by Dewailly,
Sonata Opus 167 by Saint-Saens,
Aria and Chorus by Mozart, Pest
Horn by Marschner and Prayer by
The public is cordially invited.
Student Reital: Friday evening,
August 2, at 8:30 p.m. Charles Mathe-
son, tenor, assisted by Ruby Joan
Kuhlman, pianist, will present a pro-
gram in the Pattengill Auditorium.
Given in partial fulfillment of the re-
auirements for the degree of Master
of Music, Mr. Matheson's program
will include selections by Caldara,
Rachmaninoff, Schubert, DAlbert,
and Griff es.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Betty Jean Huser,
pianist, will present a recital in
Rackham Assembly Hall, Saturday,
.August 3, at 8:30. -Miss Huser's pro-
gram will include Toccata in F sharp
1minor by Bach; Sonata in E fat
major by Haydn; Sonata No. 1 by
Almand, and Variations and Fugue
on a Theme by Handel by Brahms.
The recital is given in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music.
The public is cordially invited.
Vronsky and Babin, distinguished
performers of music for two pianos,
will be heard in a special summer
concert Thursday night, August' 8, in
Hill Auditorium. They will be pre-
sented under the auspices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society.
Tickets may be purchased at the
offices of the University Muslva8
Society, Burton Memorial Tower, at
Student Recital: Philip Malpas,
organist, will present a recital Sun-
day afternoon, August 11, at 4:15 in
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, N.
Division Street. Mr. Malpas' program
will include: Organ Concerto in B
flat major by Handel, Toccata by
Frescobaldi, Fantasia and Fugue in
G minor by Bach, and Carillon-Sortie
The public is cordially invited.
University Symphony Orchestra:
The University Symphony Orchestra,
conducted by Thor Johnson who will
be assisted by Andrew White, bari-
tone, and Joseph Brinkman, pianist,
will present a program in Hill Audi-
torium, Tuesday evening, August 6,
at 8:30. The program will include
compositions by Copland, Verdi, Brit-
ten, Schuman and Berlioz.
The public is cordially invited.
Chamber Music Program: The
third in the current series of Sun-
day evening chamber music pro-
grams will include Quartet on a Flk
Theme, which was composed in 1940
by Ross Lee Finney; Quartet Move-
ment in C minor, Op. Posthumous
by Schubert, composed in 1820; and
Quintet, Op. 57, composed in 1941
by Dmitri Shostakovich. Scheduled
for 8:30 p.m. Sunday, August 4 in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, this program
will be presented by Gilbert Ross and
Lois Porter, violinists, Louise Rood,
'violist, Oliver Edel, cellist, and Lse
The program will be open to the
public without charge.
Faculty Concert Series: On Mon-
day evening, August 5, in Rackh am
Lecture Hall at 8:30, Lee Pattison,
pianist, will present his fifth pro-
gram in the current series of lecture
recitals. Mr. Pattison's program will
include: Sonata quasi una fantasia,
Op. 27, No. 1, Sonata quasi una fan-
tasia, Op: 27, No. 2. Thirty-two Vari-
ations on a Theme in C minor, and
Sonata, Op. 101 by Beethoven. The
recital is open to the public without
Art Cinema League presentation
"Heart of the Nation" with Charles
Boyer, Raimu, and Michele Morgan.
French cinematographic triumph.
English sub-titles. Plus short: "Pri-
vate Life of the Gannets" directed by
Julian Huxley. Friday, Rackham
Auditorium, 8:30 p.m. Tickets avail-
able at Wahrs and Ulrich's book-
stores and 45 minutes before the show
in lobby of League.
Association Coffee Hour will be
held in the Lane Hall Library from
4:30 to 6:00 on Friday.
Visitors' Night will be held at
Angell Hall Observatory Friday,
By Crockett Johnson
To buck your father might be considered i
The.Town Council must 1
You're ric.ht. r
A protest meeting? But the]