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July 31, 1946 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1946-07-31

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Fifty-Sixth Year

Isolationism-Dead+or Alive?




31 ,

yy 4

Edited and managed by students of the University of
dichigan under the authority of the Board in Control
) Student Publications.
Editorial Stafff
danaging Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
ity News .................................... Clyde Recht
rniversity.......................Natalie Bagrow
ports ................................... Jack Martin
romen's.......... ................ Lynne Ford
Business Stafff
Msiness Manager ........................ Janet Cork
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan. as
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Wember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Sfor Action

ANOTHER Peace Conference has begun. SO
So there will be more bickering and more
wrangling but nothing will be accomplished.
This attitude is predominant today. You and
I have become cynical and indifferent towards
all peace conferences. They'll never make a
permanent peace, we say. World conflicts
can't be solved by the UN or any world organ-
ization. With a final shrug of our shoulders
we end the discussion with, "Well, war is in-
While we are spouting this cynicism, the world
is drifting slowly but surely towards World War
III. Look at the headlines. Civil war in China.
Fighting in Palestine. Revolution in Bolivia.
Trouble in Austria. Big Four deadlock. Suspic-
ion. Espionage. Atom bombs.
But we don't talk about World War III. Why.
Because we know that the devastation' and hu-
man slaughter will be far greater than in World
War II. We don't think about World War III
because we don't want to think of some day
sending the sons we are now raising off to kill
and be killed. And so we shut our minds to war,
yet remain cynical towards all attempts at peace.
But peace can never be obtained without tre-
mendous effort nor kept without eternal vigil-
ance. No matter how perfect the plans are for,
the United Nations, that organization simply
will not function properly unless the people of
the world get behind it.
It's time we stopped being cynical bystand-
ers. It's time we woke up to the fact that peace
is' being made or broken RIGHT NOW. If
we continue to be apathetic, pessimistic, and
cynical, no peace will ever be made. If we want
peace, we've got to work hard for it,-now!
What can we do? We can make our demands
for peace so strong that selfish interests will have
to step aside. We can make diplomats in Paris
and New York see once and for all that we want
a just and lasting peace. We can let them know
that this time we must have a peace, based not
on secret deals and power politics but on under-
standing and good will among men.
We can do this singly. We can do it collec-
tively through liberal organizations. We can
do it by writing our congressmen and presi-
dent, by talking up a determination for peace
among our friends, and by voting out of office
in November the men who are hampering the
peace effort.
But the important thing iV if we want to pre-
vent World War III we've got to work hard for
peace now! -Walt Hoffmann

LOS ANGELES - Oh, everybody agrees that
American isolation is dead, deader than a
door nail; hurrah, it's dead. But American
isolation is a most lively and determined corpse;
it loves to leer and thumb its nose at those who
are conducting funeral ceremonies over it. A
case in point is the new bill for stock-piling
strategic and critical materials, which Congress
The Canol Pro jed
Chief Counsel for the Truman
James H. Graham, a dollar-a-
year adviser (and worth every
cent of it!) to General Brehon
The Canol~Project wa a brilliant idea to get
oil from the Norman oil field in Canada to Alas-
ka in the hardest, most circuitous and most ex-
pensive way. The following is verbatim testi-
mony from the Truman Committee's inquiry into
ydetails of the three hour War Departmnent con-
ference which resulted in the recommendation
for the construction of the Canol Project:
Fulton: How many miles did you think that
pipeline was going to be?
Graham: About five or six hundred.
Fulton: How many did it turn out that it ac-
tually was?
Graham: I do not know.
Fulton:: Are you aware it was longer than you
Graham: No, I do not know.
Yulton: How much did you estimate it would
cost in terms of materials and manpower?
Graham: On a war ploject I never make an
Fulton: Who . .. made any estimate of any
Graham: None was made that I know of.
Fulton: Who ... had any factual background
to make any such estimate?
Graham: I do not know.
Fulton: How much did you figure it would
cost per ton to cart materials over that route?
Graham: We did not figure.
Fulton: How are you going to transport 20,-
000 barrels a day over a 3,000 barrel a day pipe-
Graham: In my statement ... before the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, I said: "Eventually you will have
a larger pipeline?"
Fulton: You mean you'd tear up the pipeline
Graham: No, put another alongside of it.
Fulton: How big will that be?
Graham: I don't know.
Sen. Ferguson: Did you consult the Navy as to
what they could do on transportation?
Graham: No.
Sen. Ferguson: You didn't consult the petrol-
eum department . .. Mr. Ickes?
Graham: I have already said "No" on that,
Fulton: What tanker experts had you con-
Graham: None.
Fulton: How much discussion was there as to
how much that refinery would cost?
Graham: I do not think there was any dis-
cussion, Sir.
Fulton: Did you or anyone consider how much
shipping would be required to dismantle that re-
finery . . . and to transport it to Whitehorse?
Graham: No.
Fulton: That subject was not discussed-...
and how much expense?
Graham: I cannot tell you.
Fulton: Tnat subject was not discusned
was it?
Graham: No.
Result: Canal Project. Cost: $13,000,000 plus
wages, maintenance, uniforms and supplies for
thousands of troops. Now abandoned. Ion't make
an estimate! Damn the dollars!
Moral: A sober soldier can sometimes spend
more money, faster, than the traditional "drunk-

en sailor."
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
A New School Subject
The schools in at least one American city have
a unique opportunity to educate their children
for life in a world that the United Nations is now
beginning to touch in every field-political, so-
cial, economic. The city . .. is New York, and the
great opportunity for its schools lies in the pre-
sence, in the city, of the United Nations itself,
its councils, its committees, its commissions, and,
beginning in September, its General Assembly.
Next autumn the school system will introduce
in the public schools, from kindergarten through
junior high school program entitled "A Better
World." Prepared by a committee of leading
school superintendents and. administrators, and
embodied in a manual for teachers, its aim is to
help young people understand the importance of
the United Nations through a study of American
-Knickerbocker Weekly

has just passed and sent to the President. Mr.
Truman has signed it, but with a pained expres-
sion and an averted face; for the bill contains
a howling isolationist clause to the effect that,
except in certain circumstances, the critical
materials which we buy for stockpiling must be
made or produced in America.
The clause defeats the bill. For one reason
for stockpiling is that we are running short
of certain natural resources, such as oil and sev-
eral metals, and yet the bill (with that dreadful
innocence which is part of the isolationist mood)
solemnly directs the government to purchase in
America the materials of which America is
Even more important, however, is the fact that
our entire foreign economic policy at the moment
is based on the concept of free trade; and for
our Congress to pass a "buy American" bill at
this time, preventing our government itself from
buying from the very nations with which it is
negotiating, is fearfully embarrassing. It must
make. Mr. Truman feel like a parent who tries
helplessly to clap a hand over a child's mouth to
keep it from blatting family prejudices and
spoiling a party.
American isolationism is also making itself
felt in the field of atomic energy. As every-
body knows, Mr. Bernard Baruch has been
trying to sell the world on a proposal for
establishing a global atomic authority, which
would have a monopoly over atomic research.
Now, this is by no means a "soft" proposal;
we shall be very lucky if we put it over; for
the Russians feel that we would be in the
majority on such an authority, as we are in
the Security Council; and the Kremlin has
thrown a series of fits ever since Mr. Baruch
first expounded his plan.
Even so, however, the Baruch plan, with its
trend toward internationalizing the atom, is too
much for certain Congressmen and Senator
Styles Bridges, Senator Homer Capehart, Rep-
resentative William Lemke, and others, have be-
gun a furious assault on Mr. Baruch, and on
Secretary of War Patterson for supporting him.
The brethren weep, objecting naively that Mr.
Baruch wants to give our secrets away.
It must give an odd feeling to the Russians,
who profess themselves shocked by the Baruch
plan, to learn that there are other prominent
Americans who regard the Baruch plan itself
as altogether too sweet and loving. There
must be quite a flow of language around Mos-
cow as the Rusisans try to understand this
development; and their intransigeant feelings
about us are perhaps not diminished by these
Finally (as the last in our little series of iso-
lationist incidents) we have the fact that Presi-
dent Truman has wanted to ask Congress to
give an additional $1,250,000,000 to the Export-
Import Bank, for making foreign loans. After a
period of considering, and shuddering, the Presi-
dent has decided not to make the request. He
apparently fears that Congress might decide
some of the money was going to Russia, and
might break into so heated an anti-Russian out-
burst, as to mess our foreign relations beyond
hope of recovery.
Actually, from the bargaining point of view
alone, the President should have the power to
make this loan, but he is afraid even to ask for
it; and as one studies the record compiled
here, one wonders if it can truly be said, as
our philosophers of the second class say so
often, that American isolation is dead. It has
changed its form, to fit the postwar period
and the atomic age; but a change of form is
hardly the same as a death; a living frog is a
living frog, and not a dead tadpole.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Cyclist Menace?
BICYCLE RIDING on the campus proper must
All too often are innocent students hit by
cyclists hurrying across the diagonal at exces-
sive speeds. Now the cyclists are even having col-
lisions among themselves on the pedestrian

No major accidents have been reported this
year but any of the unfortunate entanglements
which have produced cuts and bruises could have
easily resulted in a more serigus calamity.,
The alternative of the anxious cyclist .who
prefers not to plough wantonly through a crowd
of preoccupied pedestrians is to ride on the grass
next to the walks. As a result our lawns are in a
pitiful state.
Because of popular pressure, the Student
Legislature has investigated the possibility of
enforcing the long neglected ban on bike rid-
ing on the campus block but such enforce-
ment would be foolish and useless as long as
the bicycle racks remain scattered throughout
the campus.
Bicycles could be kept off the campus with very
little inconvenience, if any, to the cyclists if
only the bike; racks were, moved to the outer
edges of the campus block.
In the public interest, to remove the nui-
sance and potential accident threat which
bicycles on campus now present, why doesn't
the University move these racks?
-Tom Walsh


I h M I +I I Ilq I I11 1

(Continued from Page 2)
Academic Notices
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August: A list of candi-
dates has been posted on the bulletin
board of the School of Education,
Room 1431 University Elementary
School. Any prospective candidate
whose name does not appear on this
list should call at the office of the
Recorder of the School of Educa-
tion, 1437 University Elementary
The Preliminary Examinations for
the doctorate in English will be given
during the 1946 summer session ac-
cording to the following schedule:
July 31, American Literature.
August 3, English Literature 1700-
August 7, English Literature 1500-
August 10, English Literature-Be-
ginnings to 1500.
The examination will be held from
9:00 to 12:00 on the days indicated.
Candidates should report to 3221
A.H. for instructions. Anyone desir-
ing to take the examinations should
see Professor Marckwardt immediate-
ly if he has not already done so.
To Graduate Students, in Educa-
tion. The preliminary examinations
for the doctorate in the School of
Education will be held on August
26-27-28. Anyone desiring to take
these examinations should notify my
office, 4000 University High School
on or before August 2.

performers of music for two pianos,
will be heard in a special summer
concert Thursday night, August 8, in
Hill Auditorium. They will be pre-
sented under the auspices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society.
Tickets may be purchased at the
offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower, at
popular prices.
Concert of Operatic Arias and E~n-
senbles: A concert of operatic aris
and ensembles presented by the Opera
Laboratory Course, under the direc-
tion of Thor Johnson and assisted by
the University Summer Session Sym-
phony Orchestra will be presented in
Pattengill Auditorium, Thursday eve-
ning, August 1, at 8:30. The pro-
gram will include: Marriage of Fig-
aro, Don -Giovanni, and The Magic
Flute by Mozart; La Traviata, Simone
Boccanegra, La Forza Del Destino,
and Rigoletto by Verdi; Lucia Di
Lammermoor by Donizetti.
The public is cordially invited.'
Student Recital: A wind instru-
ment program, assisted by Mildred
Minneman Andrews and Beatrice
Gaal, pianists, will be presented in
Harris Hall, Friday afternoon, August
2 at 2:00. The program will include
Andantimo by JeanJean, La Joyeuse
by Dacquin, Aubade by Dewailly,
Sonata Opus 167 by Saint-Saens,
Aria and Chorus by Mozart, Pest
Horn by Marschner and Prayer by
The public is cordially invited.

Bridge Night: The International
Center announces its second weekly
Bridge Night to be held Wednesday
evening at 7:30 p.m. in the Inter-
national Center, 603 E. Madison. All
bridge players are cordially invited
to attend.
Flying Club: There will be a meet-
ing for all members of the University
Flying Club in Rm. 1042, East Engi-
neering Building, Wednesday, July 31.
┬░Final plans for operation change will
be discussed and the Board decision
on the landing case will be given.
Remember to bring your cards and
money for the picnic. Faculty mem-
bers and students interested in flying
are also invited. There are still a
few openings in the club and anyone
interested. in joining should attend
this meeting.
French Tea today at 4 p.m. in the
cafeteria of the Michigan League.
Open only to students and faculty
people interested in speaking French.
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
holds its weekly Bible study tonight
at 8 p.m. in Lane Hall. Come pre-
pared to discuss the sixth and seventh
chapters of John's gospel.

{ d
" y1
C ftS ,Mfro c nrv
? 9
It's something silly about the last days of the Roman Empire."


T HE PRESIDENT'S choices of
three memb~ers of the new and
highly important Decontrol Board are
highly reassuring. All three of his
appointees-Mr. Thompson of New
Orleans, Mr. Bell of Washington and
Mr. Mead of Dayton-have had ex-
perience in both business and in gov-
ernment. All three stand outside the
immediate circle of officials who have
previously been administering OPA
and are therefore in a position to
look at its problems from a fresh
point of view. They are not the pri-
soners of past policies.
The job they are willing to under-
take, if the Senate approves their
appointments - as we believe it
should, promptly, is a tough assign-
ment, but one of critical importance
to the country. It is, in a word, to sit
in judgment over OPA itself in the
vital matter of deciding how rapidly
the area of price decontrol should be
widened. In this role they will be sub-
jected to all kinds of pressures:
Pressure, on the one hand, which
want ceilings removed before such
action is fully warranted; pressure
from other groups which would glad-
ly use OPA as a permanent device for
governmental control of all business
activity. On the degree of good judg-
ment, foresight and political courage
of the members of the new board
much will depend, including how rap-i
idly there is to be an expansion of
production and employment, and h6w
soon this country is to return to
those methods and practices of a free
-The New York Times

College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, Fores-
try, Music and Public Health. Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by August 1. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U.H. where it will be trans-

Opera Class Concert under the di-
rection of Thor Johnson, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Pattengill Auditorium of Ann
Arbor High School, Thursday, August
Carillon Recital, Thursday, August
1, at 7:15 p.m. by Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur.

Spanish Club: La Sociedad His-
panica will meet on Wednesday, July
31, in the East Conference Room of
the Rackham Building. Jose Rafael
Munoz of the Dominican Republic
will give an informal talk entitled
"La Republica Dominicana de Hoy."
Coming Events
Art Cinema League presentation
"Heart of the Nation" with Charles
Boyer, Raimu and Michele Morgan.
French cinematographic triumph.
English sub-titles. Plus short:."Pri-
vate Life of the Gannets" directed by
Julian Huxley. Thursday, Friday,
Rackham Auditorium, 8:30 p.m.
Tickets available at Wahrs and Ul-
rich's bookstores and 45 minutes be-
fore the show in lobby of League.
Men's Education Club baseball
series Thursday, August 1, at 4:00
p.m. at South Ferry Field.
International Center: Due to re-
decorating, the International Cent-
er's weekly informal tea will be held
in Rms. 316-320 in the Michigan
Union at 4:30 p.m. on Thursday,
August 1. Foreign students, their
friends, and all interested persons are
cordially invited to attend. Language
tables will convene.

Student Recital: Francis Hopper,
organist, will present a recital Wed-
nesday evening, July 31 at 8:30 in
Hill Auditorium. Given in partial
fulfillment of requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music. Mr.
Hopper's rogram will include selec-
tions by d'Andrieu, Bach, *Vierne,
Andriessen, and Hopper.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Samuel P. Dur-
rance, Jr., baritone, will present a
program at 4:15 Wednesday after-
noon, August 7, in the Pattengill
Auditorium. Given in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music, Mr. Dur-
rance will sing English, French,
Italian, and German selections in-
cluding songs by Debussy, Mendel-
ssohn, Mozart, Schubert, and Strauss.
The public is cordially invited.
Vronsky and Babin, distinguished

Faculty Recital: Yves Tinayre,
baritone, wil present a concert at 4:15
Wednesday afternoon in Rackham
Assembly Hall. Mr. Tinayre will be
assisted by a string-quartet, oboe and
flute in a program of compositions
of the German Evangelical School.
fThe public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Friday evening,
August 2, at 8:30 p.m. Charles Mathe-
son, tenor, assisted by Ruby Joan
Kuhlman, pianist, will present a pro-
gram in the Pattengill Auditorium.
Given in partial fulfillment of the re-
ouirements for the degree of Master
of Music, Mr. Matheson's program
will include selections by Caldara,
Rachmaninoff, Schubert, D'Albert,
and Griffes.
The public is cordially invited.

The Forerunner

YESTERDAY HENRY FORD reached his 83rd
birthday amid the celebration and well
wishes of millions.
This was entirely fitting, for the visionary Mr.
Ford has contributed more to our every way of
life than any other living man.
By his genius and foresight he has helped put
our nation on wheels. His production line tech-
niques have revolutionized industry both for war
and peace.
But least known and most important, Henry
Ford was the forerunner of present day economic
thought. Back in 1914 amid the jeers of reaction-

Student Recital: Betty Jean Huser,
pianist, will present a recital in
Rackham Assembly Hall, Saturday,
August 3, at 8:30. Miss Huser's pro-
gram will include Toccata in F sharp
minor by Bach; Sonata in E flat
major by Haydn; Sonata No. 1 by
Almand, and Variations and Fugue
on a Theme by Handel by Brahms.
The recital is given in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music.
The public is cordially invited.
Events Today
Play: "Angel Street," by Patrick
Hamilton. Michigan Repertory Play-
ers, Department of Speech, Wednes-
day, July 31, at 8:30 p.m., Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.

International Center: Due to re-
decorating, the weekly tea dance this
Friday will be cancelled. The in-
formal tea dances will be resumed
next Friday, August 9, at 4 p.m. in
the Recreation Room of the Inter-
national Center.
French Club 'The fifthmeeting
of the French Club will be held Mon-
day, Auguist 5, at 8 p.m. in Rm. 305
of the Michigan Union. Mr. Richard
Picard, of the Romance language de-
partment, will lead a general discus-
sion on the subject: "Quel message
de l'Amerique dois-je rapporter en
France?" Group singing. Social hour.
Pi Lambda Theta initiation will'be
held in the Assembly Room of the
Rackham Building on Saturday,
August 3 at 3:00 p.m., instead of on
Tuesday, July 30, as previously an-


They're going to put up Yes. This is a model.
hundreds of tents? Like
this one? On the green? 1 think it's
r~te"rS r1

We need rea housing. Not tents-
! agree. Bu what can we
- r B x e ?

By Crockett Johnson
Protest! Get up We'll back you.
a petition ...We wl
SWe sure wi-l
>A~~ ~ 4jU

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