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July 28, 1945 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1945-07-28

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See Story on This Page

SenGateroup Assures Acceleration of Jap U

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Campus Election
Complaints of Students Cause
Action by Men's Judiciary Council
Results of SOIC Election Will Be Announced
At 'Adoption Dance' Tonight, as Planned
Yesterday's campus election for Union vice-presidents and sophomore
representative on the Engineering Council was declared void by the Men's
Judiciary Council last night because of the many complaints voiced by
students over the handling of the election.



To Be Re-Held

U. S. Canadianf
Relations Close
Trotter Says War Has
Joined Nations More
"Canada and the. United States
have been drawn together during the
war years more than ever in the past,1
and in ways that make it inconceiv-
able that we should let any problems,
between us become serious," Reginald
G. Trotter, professor of Canadian
history at Queens University, said in
a lecture yesterday.
Speaking before the ninth meeting
of the Conference on the United
States and the Postwar World, Prof.
Trotter defined possible problems in
the relations between Canada and
the United States in terms of trade,
air transport, and the decline in in-
Prof. Trotter emphasized the im-
portance of the British Common-
wealth to Canadian trade. "Trade;
agreements between various members;
of the Commonwealth are likely to,
be' modified after the war as oppor-
tunities for international trade de-
"However, any changes will de-
pend upon the direction in which
world trade moves," he warned.
He predicted that intermigration,
for settlement will not return to thei
pre-war level, and that this might,
lead to a decline in international un-
Stating that Canada had undergone
a period of "cultural colonization" to
the United States, Prof. Trotter said
that a true Canadian culture is ma-
turing and that "Canada is not be-
coming more American but more Ca-
* * *
One Principal
Key To; Peace
Held by U. S.
"The United States holds one of
the principal keys to peace -it must
accept the responsibility of this pow-
er," Joseph E. Johnson, Chief of the
Division of International Security
Affairs in the State Department, de-,
clared yesterday in the tenth of a'
series of discussions on "The United
States in the Post-War World" in,
Rackham Amphitheatre.
"The tragedies of history," he stat- ;
ed, "are the tragedies of the misuse
of power." The security aspects of,
the United Nations Charter, he ex-
plained, must be set in the context
of existing power relationships.
Stressing the need for a unified
foreign policy he urged correlation
between the economic and political
aspects of world securitynand corre-
elation between the policies in vari-
ous areas. He emphasized the need
for a combination of the various gov-
ernmental agencies which are in-
volved in foreign affairs, citing par-
ticularly the need for integration of
military policy with political policy.
Effective use of the United Na-
tions Charter requires a recognition
that on the Big Five - the United
States, Britain, the Soviet Union,
France and China - ultimately de-
pends the maintenance of peace and
security, he asserted. The so-called
veto power, more aptly labled unan-
imity, is a recognition that without
such cooperation the Charter can-
not succeed, he explained.
Russian Circle Will
Meet Monday Night
Russky Kruzhok, Russian Circle,
will hold a meeting at 8 p. m EWT
(7 p. m. CWT) Monday in the In-
ternational Center.
The second in a series of two slides
showings will be presented on nation-

A new election will be Student Qr-
ganization for International Coop-
eration held next Friday.
The results of the SOIC elec-
tion to choose the foreign univer-
sity for adoption which was held
concurrently with the other elec-
tion, will stand, according to mem-
bers of the Council. The winning
university will be announced as
planned at the SOIC dance to be
held tonight in the Union.
None of the specific charges made
by candidates and students were defi-
nitely proved true, according to the
Council, but so many complaints
were heard that it was thought best to
re-run the election next Friday for
all the offices.
Blame for faulty handling of the
election was placed on inadequate
knowledge of election procedure on
the part of persons who had charge
of the polling places. There was no
definite evidence that there was
any willful violation of election
rules by candidates or those run-
ning the election.
It is known that many ballots were
not officially stamped and had to be
thrown out. Some students were per-
mitted to vote for Union vice-presi-
dent in schools in which they were
not enrolled. In justice to those
whose ballots were mishandled and to
the candidates, the Council decided
to hold another election.
Jim Plate, president of the Union,
announced that interviews for all
candidates who were on yesterday's
ballot will be held Monday and Tues-
day. In addition new candidates will
be selected next week by the Union's
Nominating Committee, a standard

Heneman Sent
To Germany
To Aid AMC
Serving as Economic
Advsior, Regents Say
The University Board of Regents
announced yesterday that Prof. Har-
low J. Heneman of the political
science department, has been named
economic adviser on German affairs
to the American Military Govern-
Already in Germany, Prof. Hene-
man wil head the economic side of
Ambassador Robert Murphy's staff.
He is the second University political
scientist to be named to a similar
Pollack Is Appointed
Last month, Prof. James K. Pol-
lock, a recognized authority on Ger-
man government, was appointed spe-
cial advisor to the American group
of the Central Control Council which
will govern Germany during the per-
iod of military occupation.
Previous to this appointment, Prof.
Heneman served as head of the Eur-
African Section of the War Depart-
ment Staff Military Intelligence Ser-
Special Advisor on Germany
For the past seven months, he was
special advisor on German affairs
to the Bureau of the Budget. In this
post; he worked with the State, War,
and Treasury Departments and the
Foreign Economic Administration.
After studying at the Universities
of Minnesota, California, Northwest-
ern and Harvard, Prof. Heneman
took his doctorate in 1934 at the Lon-
don School of Economics and Polit-
ical Science. His doctoral disserta-
tion, "The Growth of Executive Pow-
er in Germany," was published that
Prof. Heneman came to the Uni-
versity as an instructor in 1933 and
was granted a leave of absence for
war duties. in 1942.

Sea of Japan Ota
A i q
Airrat 70
i ~~Fuku Sh w
Battleships 3
- Yamaqu h K R
Shimonoseki Hofu
" Ube ® Crs
Yawata Matsuyama
Carriers 6
y -es - KOCHi.
Destroyers Q4 Yawatahama
Nobeoka "
JAP LOSSES AT KURE-Boses indicate major Japanese losses in the
1,200 plane carrier attack on the Naval base at Kure bry British and
American fliers. Damage to Jap shipping and shore installations was
announced by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz.
'How Christian Attitudes Are
Developed' Is Workshop Topic

Much Needed Men, Weapons
Will Arrive Ahead of Schedule
Maj. Gen, Franklin Has No Fears Concerning
Railroad's Ability To Handle Assigned Job
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 27-Army spokesmen, saying the timetable for
Japan's defeat has been shortened, assured the Senate War Investigating
Committee today that the needed troops and weapons will reach General
Douglas MacArthur on schedule, or ahead of it.
Maj. Gen. John M. Franklin, acting chief of transportation, army
service forces, said he has no doubt about the ability of the railroads to
handle the job assigned to them.
The committee is investigating what Col. J. Monroe Johnson, director
of the Office of Defense Transportation, termed a crisis in the transportation
situation. Johnson told the group 4 * * *

Board of Regents Approves Six
New University Appointments

The Board of Regents approved
six appointments to the University
yesterday including a new principal
of the University High School.
Dr. Max C. Wingo was appointed
Elementary school principal and as-
sistant professor in the School of
Education. The appointment is ef-
fective Nov. 1.
In addition, the following appoint-
ments were approved: Dr. William
Kendall, for the past three years mu-
sic consultant for the editorial staff
of the United States Armed Forces
Institute, has been appointed pro-
fessor of musicology in the School
of Music; John W. Hyde, appointed
associate professor of planning,
School of Architecture and Design;
Lt. Paul A. Reh, appointed professor
of military science.
Other appointments are: Dr. John
0. Perkins, assistant professor of
Enemy Tycoon
Is Arrested
In Montevideo
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, July 27
-(3)-Acting chief of police Capt.
Mattos, of Colonia, said the former
Austrian munitions millionaire, Fred-
erick (Fritz) Mandl, was arrested to-
day upon his arrival by plane from
Buenos Aires.
Mandl fled from mounted police
barracks at Buenos Aires earlier to-
day under mysterious circumstances.
A habeas *corpus petition on his be-
half was rejected yesterday by Argen-
tine federal judge Horatio Fox, and
the announcement of his action pro-
vided the first official confirmation
of reports, of his arrest by Argentine
Staff Officers Ask
University for Aid
The State Department of Public
Instruction and the Office of Veter-
nniAff~r hen wo .vPrnwa the+ rni_-

political science; and Dorothy M. La-
Salle, supervisor of Physical Educa-
tion for Women.
Leaves of absence were granted
Dr. Marvin Pollard, of the internal
medicine department and Prof. Floyd
A. Payton of the Dental School.
The Regents accepted $24,200 in
gifts for the University.

A ttlee Names

The Religious Education Workshop
will begin with an address on "How
Christian Attitudes Are Developed"
by Dr. Ernest M. Ligon, its director,
at 4 p. m. EWT (3 p. m. CWT) to-
morrow at Kellogg Auditorium.
The workshop, to be established
here for the next two weeks, will
consist of private meetings from 9
to 12:30 p. . EWT (8 to 11:30 p. m.
CWT) daily and public addresses
held at times to be announced in the
Sponsored by the Extension Service,
Jap Language
Is Discussed
Correct Pronunciation
Stated as Problem
Some of the problems of teaching
Japanese to army trainees were dis-
cussed yesterday by a panel com-
posed of Dr. Joseph K. Yamagiwa,
director of the Army Japanese Lang-
uage School, and E. E. Tanabe and
J. D. Sasaki, special instructors in
Japanese, before a group including
Prof. W. F. Twaddell's class in Con-
temporary Trends in Language
Teaching and other interested lang-
uage students.
One important probler, said Dr.
Yamagiwa, was presented by the fact
that Japanese has various dialects.
This problem was dealt with by per-
mitting instructors of beginning stu-
dents to correct pronunciations
which no Japanese would use but to
allow pronunciations which are heard
in at least one dialect. Advanced
students are deliberately given the
experience of hearing different dia-
lects spoken.
Another problem arises from the
(See YAMAGIWA, Page 2)

the Workshop "is organized to dis-
cover some of the processes through
which growing individuals, families
and groups acquire given attitudes."
"Attitudes Taught in the Jewish
Home" will be discussed by Rabbi
Leon Fram of Temple Israel, De-
troit, at 8 p. m. EWT (7 p. m. CWT)
tomorrow at Kellogg Auditorium.
Author of "The Psychology of the
Christian Personality" and "Their
Future Is Now," Ligon has worked
out a scientific method by which he
guides the attitudes of developing
Dr. Ligon's plan is constructed es-
pecially for teachers, parents, direc-
tors of religious education, ministers
and guidance directors and its ap-
plication does not require technical
knowledge of education or psychol-
Peta in'.s Lawyer
Wins Admission
PARIS, July 27-(AP)-Marshal Pe-
tain's defense attorney today drew
admission from a witness that the
aged soldier may have tried to save
Indo-China from the Japanese in
1940 by a last-minute change in gov-
ernor-generals there.
The testimony about Indo-China,
which became the springboard for
Japan's attack on Malaya and Sing-
apore, apparently established a point
in Petain's favor in his five-day old
trial. It brought a smile to the Mar-
shal's usually impassive face.
The witness, Charles Roux, former
secretary-general in the Foreign
Ministry, also said that when France
was collapsing former Premier Paul
Reynaud had asked President Roose-
velt to send the U. S. fleet into bat-
tle against Germany, although he
did not ask for American troops.

the army had mapped out a troop
deployment program which could not
be met if war vital freight was to
Because of planned speed-up of the
war against Japan, some shipping
now being used to return troops from
Europe will be diverted to the Pacific,
Franklin testified. He said this would
result in a slower rate of return of
troops in the future. He said the
army wanted to bring the men back
as soon as possible, but added:
"Our military timetable for the de-
feat of Japan has been moved for-
ward as a result of our recent air,
sea and ground successes and top
priority must be given to the move-
ment of the forces and supplies need-
ed by General MacArthur and Ad-
miral (Chester W.) Nimitz."
He said 675,000 men were returned
from Europe in 81 days although the
army's original estimate was that
435,000 could be returned in that
time. He said schedules call for
309,000 arrivals in August compared
with 338,000 this month.
Suicide Plane
Hits Battleship
Fighting 'California'
Suffers 203 Casualties
WASHINGTON, July 27 -(P)-A
Japanese suicide plane crashed up-
side down into the battleship Cali-
fornia at Lingayen Gulf on January
9 and damaged her severely, causing
203 casualties. But the old ship did-
n't even stop fighting.
The Navy told tonight the mixed
story of herism, tragedy and sea-
Six officers and 26 enlisted men
were killed outright. Three were re-
ported missing. Thirteen others died
later from injuries. The wounded
numbered 155.
The Lingayen Gulf action was the
third in which the 24 year old battle-
ship suffered major damages and
casualties. Hit by two torpedoes at
Pearl Harbor, she was raised from
the mud to repay the Japanese with
death and destruction at Guam, Sai-
pan, Tinian and the Philippines.
At Saipan, on June 14, 1944, a shell
struck the upper deck aft of a fire
control tower and penetrated deeply
before it exploded. One man was
killed and one officer and eight men
were wounded.
Two planes attacked the Califor-
nia's formation January 9 at Lingay-
en Gulf. The first to make a run was
shot down by AA fire. The second,
which had been hit, appeared to be
passing the ship on the starboard
side when it banked sharply and
roared in upside down to crash
against the tower.
Third Fleet Hits
Jdap Inland Sea
GUAM, Saturday, July 28-()-
Carrier planes of the U. S. Third
Fleet and the British task force with
the fleet renewed attacks on the In-
land Sea area of Japan at dawn to-
Announcing resumption of the at-
tacks, Adm. Nimitz in a communi-
que also adde dthat despite extreme-
ly bad weather conditions last Wed-
nesday (July 25) carrier planes con-
tinued their widespread attacks on
enemy shipping.
The Wednesday strikes "infiicted
punishing damage on the enemy,"
said Nimitz, and Japanese air re-
sistance continued light. Fifteen
enemy planes were shot down over
the targets, however.
In a new report on damage inflict-
ed in the Wednsdav raid Nimit

Tokyo Modifies.
Radio Reply
Japan Will Conform
To Basic War Aims
By The Associated Press
Tokyo domestic radio tonight trim-
med down the Domei Agency's ear-
lier semi-official rejection of the Al-
lied ultimatum to surrender.
It agreed that Japan wo'uld ignore
the ultimatum, but where Domei said
Japan would fight "to the bitter
end," the domestic radio said merely
that the hard-pressed empire would
"adopt a policy to strive toward com-
pletion of the Greater East Asia war
in conformity to the hitherto estab-
lished basic principles."
In still another broadcast recoded
by the FCC, Domei took a grave view
of the war and said "the rise or faill
of Imperial Japan actually hangs in
the balance."
It acknowledged enemy sea and air
attacks were becoming fiercer but at
that America was anxious to end the
war before it got too costly and before
it caused America to "fall behind"
Soviet Russia.
In its first broadcast, claimin
Japan would fight to the bitter end,
Domei did not give the source of its
It did disclose that the cabinet
met at the home of Premier Suzuki
to debate the proposal which was
placed before the members of For-
eign Minister Shigenori Togo.
As the world waited for the Japa-
nese decision, America's big Super-
forts rained pamphlets on the enemy
homeland designating the next 11
cities to be wiped out. This Auda-
cious stroke in the tightening war of
nerves was made by Maj. Gen. Cur-
tis Lemay, commander of the 20th
Air Force, from his headquarters on
Political Party
NEW YORK, July 27-(P)-Com-
munist Party of the United States
was re-established today, fourteen
months after it had been dissolved.
The action was announced follow-
ing the second day's session of the
Communist Political Association's
special national convention.
A press release issued after the
session, which was closed to the
press, said Earl Browder, C. P. A.
president, "was not a delegate and
did not vote."
The release said, however, that "at
a dramatic session Thursday night
Browder defended the policies which
were unanimously rejected by the
convention in its decision to recon-
stitute the Communist Party'."


To Lead

Foreign Policy
LONDON, July 27 - UP) - Prime
Minister Clement Attlee tonight
chose Husky Ernest Bevin, a two-
fisted trade union leader, as Foreign
Secretary of his new Labor Govern-
ment and his right hand man in
guiding British foreign policy through
the Pacific war and a host of thorny
postwar problems.
Attlee announced selection of six
Labor party stalwarts as the nucleus
of his cabinet.
They include Hugh Dalton as
Chancellor of the Exchequer, third
most important post, and Herbert
Morrison as Lord President of the
Council and Leader in the House of
Bevin, who succeeds the suave An-
thony Eden, told a Labor audience
less than 24 hours before his appoint-
ment that he thought "blunt Lanca-
shire" better than "polished diplo-
matic phrases" in the new world of
international relations, and declared
the new Labor Government intended
to speak "as common men to common
men of other nations."
Bevin, who was Labor Minister in
Winston Churchill's wartime Coali-
tion Cabinet, might join Attlee at
the interrupted "Big Three" confer-
ence at Potsdam. A report, from
Potsdam said Attlee was expected
there tomorrow.
The partial list of cabinet ap-
pointments, as approved by King

Adopted University Will Be
Announced at SOIC Dance



A project which President Alexan-
der G. Ruthven yesterday termed
"very worthy" will be initiated at the
"Adoption Dance" to be held from 9
p. m. to midnight EWT (8 to 11 p.m.
CWT) today in the Union ballroom.
Entire proceeds of the dance will
be used to send supplies to a foreign
university damaged or destroyed dur-
ing the war. The university was
selected at a campus election yester-

Hindu religious dance, demonstrated
by Kamala Chawdry, will continue
the entertainment. Concluding the
intermission program will be' Feliza
Baylon in a Filipino rice planting
dance, and Lolly Metropolsky per-
forming Russian folk dances.
Chaperones Listed
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Hanau, Mr.
and Mrs. A. K. Stevens, Dr. and Mrs.
Werrnr r viendicor and Pronf and

Today The 'Adoption Dance' will
be held tonight from 9
p. m. to midnight EWT
(8 p. m. toP11 p. m. CWT)
in the Union Ballroom.
Today Stockwell Hall will hold
open house from 2:30 to
5:00 p. m. EWT (1:30 to
4:00 CWT).
Monday Russky Kruzhok, Russian
Circle, will hold a meet-
ing at 8 p. m. EWT (7
p.m. CWT) in the Inter-
national Center.
Monday Dr. Martha Colby and
Robert E. Hayden will ad-

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