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July 26, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1945-07-26

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SUNNY

iiz:,
10 r

AL-Ak"I i.
Lw 43UU

:43att]u

PLEASANT

SHOWDOWN
ON INDIA
See Pearson Column, Page 2

VOL. LV., No. 17 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 26, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Dr. Ernest Ligon
ToHeadRe ligious
Education Study
Workshop to Discover How People
Acquire Attitudes Will Be Held Here
For Two Weeks, With Public Lectures

'World

Education

Plans

Outlined;

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

* *

Navy Planes Blast 20 Nip Warships
~. * * (

A Religious Educational Work-
shop, directed by Dr. Ernest M. Li-
gon of Union College, Schenectady,
N. Y., will be held here for a two-
week period beginning Sunday.
Sponsored by the Extension Ser-
vice, the Workshop is organized to
Wells Heads
Organization of
Polish Group
Committee Condemns
Russian Views, Policies
Prof. Carlton F. Wells, head of the
University freshman English depart-
ment, today announced the forma-
tion of the Michigon Committee of
Americans for Poland, an organiza-
tion designed to "acquaint people
with the facts of the current Russo-
Polish question."
Wells, chairman of the committee,
pointed out that his group is com-
posed of 12 Michigan people, largely
from Detroit, Royal Oak and Kala-
mazoo, who "condemned Russia's
part in trying to talk down the Pol-
ish issue."
Polish Record
"Poland-Here Is the Record," a
64-page booklet, has been published
by the Committee and distributed to
editors of Michigan newspapers,
members of Congress, and libraries
throughout the nation.
Te booklet was written by Ann
Su Cardwell, for 17 years prior to
1939, a resident of Poland, and has
a foreword by author and foreign
corespondent, William Henry Cham-
berlain.
No Freedom
The pamphlet ridicules freedom in
"liberated Poland" and asserts that
in Poland today there is no freedom
of either speech, press, or assembly.
Economic conditions under the Lu-
blin government, it declares, are
worse than under the German occu-
pation.
* * *
New Committee
Is Denounced
Prof. Louis C. Karpinski, of the
University mathematics department,
who has been identified with Polish-
American movements for more than
35 years, last night denounced the
newly-formed Michigan Committee
of Americans for Poland as a "re-
actionary group".
His colleague, Prof. Carlton F.
Wella, chairman of the University
freshman English department, has
been named chairman of the Con-
mittee whose purpose is "to bring
the facts of the Polish-Russian dis-
pute to the people."
Criticizing the Committee's recent-
ly-published pamphlet, "Poland-
Here Is the Record," Prof. Karpinski
declared, "Most of the major points
in the group's booklet have been dis-
.credited by action of the British gov-
etnment."
"This type of pamphlet is inspired
by Junker Poles who fear for the
safety of their large estates," he said.
"This propaganda is definitely re-
actionary."
"In the long run, this sort of thing
will do neither Poland nor Poles
throughout the world any good,"
Prof. Karpinski pointed out. "Prof.
Wells is sincere in his beliefs, but
greatly misinformed."
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Charles M. Davis will

speak on "Problems in the
Relations of the United
States and the Southwest
Pacific," for the Confer-
ence on the U. S. in the
Post-war World at 4:10
p. in. EWT (3:10 p. m.
CWT) in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Today Dwight Dumond will ad-

discover how individuals acquire giv-
en attitudes of character traits.
Besides meetings from 9 to 12:30
p. m. EWT (8 to 1:30 p. m. CWT)
daily at the Union for the members
of the workshop, public lectures by
various authorities will be held
throughoutthe two weeks. Eachof
the evening lectures will be intro-
duced by Dr. Ligon.
Christian Attitudes
"How Christian Attitudes Are De-
veloped" will be discussed by Dr. Li-
gon at 4 p. m. EWT (3 p. m. CWT)
Sunday at Kellogg Auditorium. Prof.
Louis A. Hopkins, Director of the
Summer Session, will introduce Dr.
Ligon.
The second lecture in the series,
"Attitudes Taught in the Jewish
Home," will be delivered by Rabbi
Leon Fram of Temple Israel, Detroit.
Civil Interests
The workshop and lectures will be
of particular interest to two groups,
according to Dr. Edward W. Blake-
man, Counselor in Religious Educa-
tion. Members of the faculty who
have read Dr. Ligon's books on atti-
tude development, Dr.Blakeman said,
would want to hear Dr. Ligon. In
his books, "The Psychology of the
Christian Personality" and "'heir
Future Is Now," Ligon claims that
he can condition a child to develop
eight desireable traits. Vision, love
of righteousness and truth, domin-
ating purpose and forgiveness are
among those eight traits.
The other group which Dr. Blake-
man believes will be particularly in-
terested in the workshop will con-
sist of church school teachers, pub-
lic school teachers and parents.
Military School
Findings Report
To Be Given
The 26 Michigan superintendents
and principals who conducted a tour
of eastern schools of the armed forc-
es will discuss their findings in con-
ferences to be held tomorrow at the
School of Education.
The purpose of the tour, under the
direction of Prof. Raleigh Schorling
of the School of Education, was to
study methods employed in schools
maintained by the various armed
services. The educators devoted a
month to their study, and have only
recently returned to Ann Arbor.
The program for tomorrow is a
lecture, "Can Civilian Education
Learn from the Military Training
Programs?" by Prof. Schorling with
Hayward Keniston, Dean of the Col-
lege of Literature, Science and the
Arts, as chairman at 1:05 a. m. EWT
10:05 a. m.CWT); "What Can Farm-
ville and American City Learn from
the Navy's Training Program?" by
Lt. Howard Batchelder, USNR with
Prof. Emeritus of Education George
E. Myers as chairman at 2:05 p. m.
EWT (1:05 p. m. CWT); a discus-
sion from 2:25 to 3 p. m. EWT (1:25
to 2 p. m. CWT) ; and roundtables
on the Implications for Schools of
the GI Methods and Programs at
3:05 p. m. EWT (2:05 p. m. CWT).

Allies Hit
Jap Fleet
At Kure
Superforts Blast
Tokyo Bay Targets
GUAM, Thursday, July 26-A)-
Twenty Japanese warships, includ-i
ing six aircraft carriers, five cruis-
ers and three battleships, were dam-
aged in Tuesday's Allied 1,200 car-;
rier plane attack on Kure Naval Base,
and the Inland Sea, Fleet Adm. Nim-
itz announced.i
A sky fleet of Superforts blasted
oil targets in Tokyo Bay today-the
third day of an unrelentingcampaign
of destruction from sea and air that
has wrecked the core of Japan's re-
maining navy and spread ruin along
her shores.
The Japanese said some of the
1,200 U. S. and British carrier planes,
after pounding 325 miles of south-
ern Honshu Tuesday and Wednesday,
veered far north and hit the north-
ernmost island of Hokkaido while
warships bombarded a possible in-
vasion point south of Tokyo.
Admiral Halsey declared his U. S.
Third Fleet with its British ally was
embarked on "the opening of the
final plunge into the heart of Japan"
and "If the Nips do not know they
are a doomed nation they're even
stupider than I think they are."
The Japanese said that the Criba
plain stretching for some 40 miles
east of Tokyo was a likely site for
the Allied landings when they came
and reported that the skies over the
area had been "converted into a
hurly-burly thoroughfare for Super-
forts, Liberators and Mustang fight-
ers."
Gen. George C. Kenney in Manila,
predicting 5,000-plane raids on Japan,
asserted that enemy communications
would be so disrupted by bombings
that he expected "almost a total lack
of opposition on the beaches" on in-
vasion day.
Commy isson
Meets To Study
Jackson Report
LANSING, July 25-(P)-The State
Corrections Commission was sum-
moned into emergency session to-
night to act on reports of maladmin-
istration at the State Prison of
Southern Michigan, while police of-
ficials kept a watchful eye over the
big penitentiary for signs of inmate
disorder.
Commissioner Oscar G. Olander of
the Michigan State Police said ad-
ditional troopers had been ordered
to the state police post at Jackson,
just across the road from the en-
trance to the "biggest prison in the
world."
Olander said he had recalled Capt.
Wililam Hansen, commander of the
Jackson State Police District, from
the Hooper murder conspiracy trial
at Battle Creek, to take personal
charge of any police action necesary
at the prison.

Educators To In ves tiga te
Army Navy Technique

i

American
Programs

Council To Study Military Training
With, $150,000 Carnegie Grant

What civilian schools and colleges can learn from Army and Navy
wartime educational techniques will be the subject of a two year investiga-
tion soon to start under the auspices of the American Council of Education,
Dr. George F. Zook, president, has i

announced.
With a grant of $150,000 from the
Carnegie Corporation and the Gen-
eral Education Board to carry on this
work, Dr. Alonzo G. Grace, Commis-
sioner of Education of Connecticut,
on leave of absence to direct the work,
will establish headquarters in Wash-
ington to begin the study. Assisting
Dr. Grace will be a special staff of
Marshal Petain
Ref uses To
Speak At Trial
Daladier And
Lebrum Testify
PARIS, July 25-(iP)-Aged Mar-
shal Henri Philippe Petain, his face
like an image, bluntly refused at his
treason trial today to answer ques-
tions whether he had congratulated
Adolf Hitler on the British defeat at
Dieppe and asked Hitler's permission
for French troops to fight alongside
the Germans.
"The Marshal's honor is at stake,"
a juror shouted across the jammed
and overheated courtroom in the pal-
ace of justice, and mutterings and
protests from jurois and spectators
met Petain's refusal.
Remained Adamant
But the 89-year old former chief of
the Vichy state remained adamant.
He said through his lawyers that he
would not reply.
The dramatic issue was raised dur-
ing the third day of Petain's trial on
charges of intelligence with Germany
and of plotting the security of the
French State-a day in which for-
mer French Premier Douard Daladier
and Albert Lebrun, last president of
the Third Republic, testified against
the old soldier.
Petain Uninterested
Much of the day Petain appeared
uninterested. Once he said he hadn't
heard a question. He saw Lebrun
near tears as the former French pres-
ident said he could hardly express his
"profound distress" at the sight be-
fore him of "A man, a warrior of
France, who has risen so high to have
fallen so low."
Institute Will
Hear Dr. Hahn
Hunter Professor Will
Talk To Group Today
Traditional grammatical concepts
may be called in question when Dr.
E. Adelaide Hahn, head of the de-'
partment of . Latin and Greek at
Hunter College, New York City, ad-
dresses members of the Linguistic In-
stitute on the question "Were the
Moods Tenses?" at their weekly
luncheon conference at 1 p. m. EWT
(noon CWT) today in the ABC room
of the Michigan League. The con-
ference will be preceded by luncheon
at noon EWT (11 a. m. CWT) in the
League Ballroom.
Giving the last of his series of three
talks on the Institute's program of in-
troductory lectures on linguistic sci-
ence, Prof. Franklin Edgerton will
speak at 7 p. m. EWT (6 p. m. CWT)
tonight in the East Lecture Room,
Rackham Building, on "Analogical
Creation of New Linguistic Patterns."
He has announced that he will pres-
ent illustrations from Middle Indic,
especially from what he terms "Bud-
hist hybrid Sanskrit," on which he
has been conducting extensive re-
searches.
Chamber Music Concert

leading educators from all over the
country who will, from time to time,
visit military and naval installations
to observe the training programs in
operation.
Study Endorsed
Both Secretary of War Henry L.
Stimson and Secretary of the Navy
James Forrestal have endorsed the
study, and Dr. Grace is working with
members of the War and Navy De-
partments to map out plans for the
work.
Among the various subjects select-
ed for study are the procedures the
armed forces have used for selection,
classification, and assignment of per-
sonnel, tests and testing methods,
rating scales, and evaluation boards.
Still other studies will include the
techniques of curriculum construc-
tion based on an analysis of the job
to be done, visual and auditory aids,
equipment, training programs for
leadership, and short term refresher
courses. An analysis will also be
made of the non-military activities,
such as those of the United States
Armed Forces Institute.
Revolutionize Education
According to Dr. Grace, "the re-
sults will be of interest and value to
organized education at all levels. The
public and many educators believe
that the military training program
can revolutionize civilian educational
pocedure."
Dr. Grace served in the Army dur-
ing World War I. In recent years he
has been a special consultant on the
training program of the War Depart-
ment.
86th Division
Drils For Japs
Continues To Arrive
Here From Europe
By The Associated Press
CAMP GRUBER, Okla., July 25-
Troops of the 86th (Black Hawk) Di-
vision, veterans of action in Cologne,
the Ruhr pocket and Bavaria, swarm-
ed into this $40,000,000 post today for
retraining for Pacific combat.
Personnel of the division, first to
be redeployed from Europe through
the United States to the Pacific, will
continue to arrive for a week or ten
days before reaching its full strength
of 15,000.
Their training will stress individual
initiative and operations by small
units, regarded as much more essen-
tial in the Pacific than in the Euro-
pean theater.
In store for the youthful soldiers-
their average is 23-was an eight-
weeks workout including physical
conditioning, prevention of tropical
and insect-borne diseases, flame-
throwing techniques and jungle fight-
ing in general.
The plan, directed by Lt. Col. Stan-
ley Gortikov, Los Angeles, Calif., G-3
operations officer, was designed to
toughen the troops for hardships in
the Pacific area even more severe
than those they experienced in Euro-
pean fighting.
Lessons in use of the flame-throw-
er to silence pill boxes and drive
Japanese from hiding places will be
stepped up.

DR. ALEXANDER G. RUTHVEN
Outlines International
Education Plan
Union, Engine
Council Officers
To Be Elected

Ruthven Tells
Need For
Cooperation
State Department Plan
For Postwar Revealed
First public airing of a state de-
partment requested post-war interna-
tional education program was pres-
ented last night by President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven in a speech before
the Post War Conference on the topic
"Problems of Educational Coopera-
tion."
"It is not only likely, but desirable
that the interchange of foreign stu-
dents should accelerate after the
war." There is no better way to
establish and maintain international
understanding than through a reci-
procity in education," President Ruth-
yen said.
Pointing out that a clear cut pro-
gram of exchange is necessary, he
said, "if foreign students are care-
lessly selected and badly oriented, the
end is likely to be disillusionment if
not antagonism."
President Ruthven then presented
his seven-point program for post-war
international education.
1) Revision of present methods for
selecting foreign students. He recom-
mended that the Institute of Inter-
Postwar Conference
To Discuss Canada Today
Canada will be the topic of dis-
cussion in the fourth day of the
Conference on the United States
in the Postwar World being held
this week and next in the Raeckham
Amphitheatre.
"Canadian-American Experience
in Educational Cooperation" will be
discussed by Prof. Charles E. Phil-
lips of the University of Toronto at
4:10 p.m. EWT (3:10 p. m. CWT)
while Prof. Alfred L. Burt of the
University of Minnesota will dis-
cuss "Canada as a Test of Coopera-
tion between the United States and
the British Commonwealth" at
8:15 p. m. EWT (7:15 p. m. CWT).
Introducing Prof. Phillips will be
Dean J. B. Edmonson of the School
of Education, while Prof. Verner
Crane of the Department of History
will introduce Prof. Burt.

Poll Results To
Adopted Foreign

Namte
'U'

Three candidates for the engineer-
ing school, two from L. S. & A., and
two from the combined schools, are
running for the three Union vice-
presidencies, while two persons are
contesting for the position of soph-
omore representative to the Engin-
eering Council.
Two officers will be chosen at a
campus election tomorrow, at which
time a foreign university will be se-
lected for adoption. Students must
present their identification card for
the summer term in order to vote.
Candidates
Candidates for vice-president from
the engineering school are Henry
Fonde, Robert Royce and Thomas
Donnelly. Running for -the office
from L. S. & A. are Tom Heaton and
Richard Hurd. Combined school's
candidates are Edward Miquelon and
William Crick, both of the school of
business administration.
Choice of Engineering Council
sophomore representative is between
Henry Kaminski and Eugene Sikor-
ousky. Everett Ellin and Herbert
Schreiber are uncontested for the
two freshman positions on the Coun-
cil.
Candidates' statements of quali-
fications will be published in tomor-
row's Daily.
Universities from which students
may choose are Athens, Kiev, Phil-
ippines, Strasbourg, Tsing Hua and
Kiev. However, anyone who wishes
a university not named to be adopt-
ed may designate his choice on the
ballot.
Students Vote
All students may vote for a uni-
versity. Only sophomores in the
school of engineering may vote for
the Council members. For Union
officers, persons may only cast their
ballot for candidates from the school
in which they are enrolled.
Polling places will be open from
8:45 a. m. to 2:15 p. m. EWT (7:45
a. m. to 1:15 p. m. CWT) at the di-
agonal, the engineering arch and
between the Romance Language
Building and Tappan Hall. There
is to be no electioneering within fifty
(50) feet of the ballot boxes.

national Education or some other or-
ganization be designated as an agency
through which applications for the
admission of foreign, students may be
cleared.
2) Health precautions. "ApplUi-
cants for admission from foreign
(See RUTHVEN, Page 4)
Titiev Attacks
Race Theories
Attempting to disprove the dogma
of racial superiority, Dr. Mischa Ti-
tiev, of the anthropology department,
who spoke on "The Problem of Inter-
racial Cooperation," told a Rackham
Theatre audience yesterday that, all
professional anthropologists agree
that no race is more inferior bio-
logically than any other race.
Dr. Titiev, in revealing why we are
averse to race mixture, explained
that we have also built up the false
notion that the culture of the white
race is superior to the culture of
other peoples. "What we term the
Euro-American culture," he said, "is
a large part borrowed from peoples
of different' racial stocks." Advocat-
ing racial cooperation, Dr. Titiev de-
clared that an interchange of ideas
among races has always lei to the
greatest forward spurts of progress.
He explained that we can promote
better cooperation among races in
three ways; by education which in-
cludes the proper perspective in re-
gard to the cultures of Asia and Af-
rica, by the suppression of paid pro-
fessional propagandists who argue
against certain racial groups and by
adopting a more honest and realistic
attitude toward minority problems in
our own country.
General Patton Will

ELECTION RETURNS:
Announcement of Adopted UT
To Be Made at SOIC Dance

A Brazilian samba, a Hindu reli-
gious dance, a Filipino bamboo dance'
and a Chinese folk dance will be fea-
tured during the intermission at the
"Adoption Dance" to be held from
9 p. m. to midnight EWT (8 to 11 p.
m. CWT) Saturday in the Union
ballroom.
The first affair of the Student Or-
ganization for International Coop-
eration is being given to raise funds
for a foreign university to be adopt-
ed in the near future. The univer-
sity will be chosen at a campus elec-
tion tomorrow.
Tickets are now on sale at the
Union, the League and the diagonal.

Prof. and Mrs. Dwight L. Dumond,
Prof. and Mrs. Henry W. Nordmeyer,
Prof. and Mrs. Michael Pargment,
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Schnabel, Prof.
and Mrs. Palmer Throop, Dr. and
Mrs. H. C. Tein, and Prof. and- Mrs.
Misca Titiev.
Lost-Found Report
Rings, Skirt, Shoes
Did anyone lose one of the four
pairs of silk hose or the diamond
rings or the loaf of bread turned
in duhrino- the mast ver at 1-the~

WIDE OPEN FIELD:
Bunting Encourages Veterans
To Enter Dentistry Profession
Veterans looking for a profitable profession which is not crowded
would do well to consider dentistry, Dr. Russell W. Bunting, Dean of the
University Dental School said yesterday.
The profession is "wide open for young men and will be for years," Dr.
Bunting pointed out.'
Post-War Future train the number of dentists we're
He envisions a tremendous post- going to need after this war," Dr.

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