THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, JULY 8, 1946
Fifty-F fth Year
A New Historical Determinism
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
I S: : f.?3SGLS
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NIGHTEDITOR: BOB GOLDMAN
Lditorials Published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
_ - Rev
FEPC and Bilbo
THE SENATE last week compromised on the
issue of the Fair Employment Prac-
tices Commission by making a deep cut in its
appropriation, thus practically killing it as a
The eompromise was a victory for the fil-
bustering Southern senators. They were led
by Sen. Bilbo of Mississippi, who had preached
racial and religious hatred on the Senate floor
for more than two days in not only hate-filled
but idiotic terms, referring to the bill as a
"Communist, poisonous piece of legislation."
To all appearances, the agency was dead, but
Friday the same War Agencies Appropriations
Bill was sent back to the Senate from the
House, where most of' the funds for ten war
agencies had been removed on points of order
raised by supporters of the FEPC in hopes of
obtaining increased appropriations. The fili-
bustering is due to begin again, for the Southern
senators are determined not to permit the con-
tinued operation of the FEPC, which attempts
to enforce non-discrimination in industry be-
cause of race, color, or creed.
It is sad indeed that it is necessary for the
FEPC's supporters to use methods that hold up
the funds of important war agencies, and it is
calamitous that such demagogues as Bilbo can
destroy an agency which undertakes a task so
vital to the working of democracy. There are
striving against every democratic principle. It
seems impossible to believe that men can be so
completely bigoted and still call themselves
At this time when American democracy is
being looked to by all newly-liberated peoples,
when the American example should be at its
highest point, when servicemen will return
with new ideas to find the same narrow-mind-
edness they left, it is of the utmost importance
that our wide-spread idealistic democracy be
made practical, or, rather, that our practical
democracy be raised to the high level of our
idealistic democracy. The FEPC has been a
necessary step in that direction. When non-
discrimination is put into effect everywhere,
other steps in practical democracy will follow,
perhaps leading finally to that true democracy
we now declare our country to be.
By JOHN A. MEREWETHER
The following conversation was overhead the
other day in a campus drugstore. Being hard up
for material I took it down. It sounded interest-
ing at the time. The views expressed in this
conversation, of course, are those of the speakers
themselves and in no way represent this writer's
views on American education.
"Say Mary, did you ever hear of Professor
"No," said Mary. "Who is he Joe?"
"He's a pretty important guy. Look at the
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
All Tings to All
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
SOOTHING THE PATIENT:It is becoming
difficult to say whether, in President Tru-
man, the conservatives have a friend in the
liberal camp, or the liberals a friend in.the con-
Perhaps he wants it that way, for the new
President's main strategic endeavor seems to be
to avoid and defy classification. He escapes from
categories, as from traps, before they are quite
closed around him. No sooner had the commen-
tators set about making a permanent Missouri
farmer of him, than he ordered New York
clothes; and it seems to me characteristic that
though he was delighted to go back to the town
of Independence for an old home week, he firmly
refused to shake hands with the assembled
townspeople on the perfectly valid ground that
he was too darn tired from his work as President
to do anything of the kind.
He flits, through classifications, rather than
resides in them; though he is very much the
ex-Senator when he wants to be, he never puts
on the string tie; and White House reporters
who have heard him rap his desk know that
he is indeed the President.
On the political level, he demands immediate
ratification of the San Francisco Charter, but
shakes hands warmly with Burton K. Wheeler
at the conclusion of his address; and he appoints
the conservative James F. Byrnes to be Secretary
of State, just before taking off for a meeting
with Stalin. Don't fence me in, is his motto and
his cry; he resists speciality and peculiarity of
every kind; he talks with Herbert Hoover as with
Harry Hopkins, with no suggestion that either
conversation is a performance.
His underlings take up the same theme, for the
new Secretary of Labor, Mr. Schwellenbach,
firmly orders his staff to administer the labor
laws exactly as Congress wrote them, without in-
terpreting them or reading special meanings into
them; and then schedules conferences for the
next day with the C.I.O. and the A.F. of L. in
order to figure out what on earth to do next.
The net effect of the above may seem to lay
at Mr. Truman's door the charge that he is
being all things to all men; but a much larger
issue is involved.
MR. TRUMAN took office at a time when the
country was in a highly nervous state.
National and international issues were reacting
badly upon each other; several members of Con-
gress were issuing personal declarations of war
against Russia, and staring about them at the
home scene with hot red eyes, lit up with im-
ported terror semicolor; some of our leading
public figures seemed to have decided that eter-
nal hysteria was the price of liberty.
It was an act of splendid daring for Mr. Tru-
man to try the role of mollifier, ameliorator,
conciliator; but he then went on to show daring
of a second and greater order by really doing it,
not faking it. It is not so bad for the head of
a democracy to be all things to all men, if he is
really all things, and really to all men. He who
undertakes the role of conciliator must do so
with clean hands, so to speak, at the first sign
of fakery his effort becomes one-sided, and col-
lapses. The Truman who has pleased conserva-
tives by putting Mr. Byrnes in charge of the
State Department is the same Truman who has
asked for a permanent fair employment practices
commission; the Truman who shakes Senator
Wheeler's hand asks that Bretton Woods be rati-
fied without the change of a comma. He has
given to both sides, but he has done so deliberate-
ly, with a high and honorable intention, and with
never a smirk.
There is thus something almost grand in Mr.
Truman's effort to be an integrator; but a real
one; not a man who stays at dead center
through panic fright, but a man who feels his
way delicately toward a new national balance.
If he is not one special thing, neither is this
country. It may be because he knows this so
well that he is able to give the impression, in
spite of conflicting moves, that he is not drift-
ing, but that he rides.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
book he wrote. Nine hundred and fifty pages,
and in war time too."
-"What's it about?"
"He's an authority on American history.
This book is about the Civil War. He says that
if only there had been electrical refrigerators
in 1860 and 1861 the Civil War would never
rhave taken place."
"My goodness! Sounds like a maniac's idea of
history to me."
"I don't know Mary. Listen to this. He says
the hotheads caused the war. He calls the
Radical Republicans Charles Sumner, Stevens,
Phillips and even Lincoln, according to him, all
a-bunch of hotheads. From this hothead theory
of radicalism he has deduced a certain cure
for all radical tendencies in polities. The cure
"ICE? What has ice got to do with politics?"
"You'll never guess. ICEPACKS! Icepacks will
solve all our problems. He says that if there had
been enough ice-cubes and icepacks available to
get thru the summer and the fiery Congressional
sessions, the Civil War would never have oc-
"Now isn't that funny? I always thought the
Civil War was caused by conflicts over slavery
and the rise of capitalism."
"Tsk. Tsk. The Professor here says you're all
wrong. Hotheads and ice. That's the formula."
THE USE OF RELIGION as a phase of recon-
struction is germane. The orthodox, will re-
mind us that faith is never utilitarian. We should
not expect faith and truth to get results of any
sort. Is not implicit trust the essence of re-
ligion? It commands me. I believe and obey.
Such is the reply of all routine devotees and
they are millions in the Far Eastern religions,
in the Near Eastern Islam and in Western
Christianity. These are the Epimetheans not
the Prometheans of our century. They are fol-
lowers rather than adventurous men or creative
leaders. However, they stabilize the culture.
A second reply to the question of Religion in
reccnstruction is that Religion is an illusion.
It amounts to man's creation of a haven
toward which he thinks he can project his
defeated self by means of the imagination.
"The Church," say these observers, "is a run-
ning together of all those weaklings who 'can-
not take it' or cannot fathom the meaning of
it all. Why confuse the reconstruction by
calling in the religions?"
Of course if the great Nietsche were correct,
he and his fellow nihilists would carry on the
resuscitation, get their own victims out of the
concentration camps, return the sad innocent
millions who have been dislocated by the in-
humanities of war, feed the hungry, restore the
wasted fields, supply seed and find farm animals,
organize new governments by use of the political
prisoners, set up credit institutions founded on
Jewish-Christian influence and start European
life all over again. In that case the skeptic
would appear in the Christian's role. Truth,
beauty and goodness, renounced in the begin-
ning, would be back by invitation.
BUT A THIRD REPLY as to religion in our era
is heard. Vital Theism declares that two
foci constantly must have attention, the onto-
logical and the ethical, or the mystical and the
practical. Religion is an answer to the question,
Why? Dynamic Christianity, in common with
Sprophetic Judaism, insists that God has a pur-
pose seen in His universe itself and that man,
being the climactic creature of His hope and
activity, may partake of that purpose. When
he discovers it for himself man is happy, has
assurance and directs his private desires toward
a significant goal not his own. Religion becomes
a noble quest and in that quest are engaged all
those far seeing philosophers as well as the cre-
ative scientist who have put a firm floor of veri-
fication beneath our belief in the goodness of
By such a challenging struggle our United
Nations, but faintly understanding each other,
should be able to free the healing powers of
God in Europe. As James B. Pratt, the psy-
chologist, says, "Religion lives chiefly because
it makes a profound appeal to the deeper levels
of our emotional life." More and more our
universe takes on the inner harmony of an
organism informed throughout by a common
life. Here then is. God revealed and it must
become increasingly certain that a religious
or even a semi-democratic reconstruction can-
not be imposed but must be derived.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
l letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hal, by 2:30 . min. of the day
preceding pnblication (10:30 a, in. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE lAILY OFFICIAL
SUNDAY, JULY 8, 1945
VOL. LV No. 5-S
The office of the Interfraternity
Council will be open from 2 to 4 p.m.
(CWT) 3 to 5 p. in. (EWT) every day
except Saturday until July 13 for
general information, and the regis-
tration of men for Fraternity rushing.
After July 13, the office will be open
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday
from 2 to 4 p. m. (CWT) 3 to 5 p. m.
All women students and house
heads are held responsible for the
House Rules., Copies of these rules
are available at all times in the
Social Director's office in the Mich-
Recreational Swimming for Women
Students: The Union pool will be
open for recreational swimming for
women students on Tuesday and
Thursday 8:30 (EWT), and Saturday
mornings from 8:15 to 10:15 (CWT),
9:15 to 11:15 (EWT). Any woman
student may swim during this hour
provided she has a medical permit.
This may be obtained at the Health
Service. A fee of 25c per swim is
Men interested in obtaining positions
as maintenance workers at a nearby
summer camp, please contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Opportunities for college graduates
in Indiana State Board of Health in
Sanitary Engineering, salary $135 to
$200 a month, Public Health Sani-
tarian, $135 to $200 a month, and
Chemists,. $135 to $185 a month.
Further information regarding ex-
amination and experience may be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
State of Michigan Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following exam-
inations have been received in our
office. Cartographic Engineering
Draftsman 1, 11, and 111, $180 to
$340 per month, Statistician II, III,
and IV, $230 to $420 per month, Law
Stenographer A, $150 to $170 per
month, Library Assistant A and B,
$125 to $170 per month, Catalog Li-
brarian I, $180 to $220 per month,
Department Librarian I, $180 to $220
per month, Reference Librarian I,
$180 to $220, Traveling Library Li-
brarian I, $180 to $220 per month,;
and Milk Sanitarian II, $230 to $270
per month. For further information
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
Identification Cards: All identifica-
tion cards which were given out dur-
ing the Summer, Fall or Spring
Terms of the year 1944-45 must be
validated by the Dean of Students for
the Summer Term 1945. Cards which
were not turned in at registration in
Waterman Gymnasium shouldbe left
at Room 2, University Hall at once.
Cards which are not revalidated will
not be honored for the Summer Term
by University officials.
Eligibility Certificates for the Sum-
mer Term may be secured immediate-
ly if the report of Spring Term is
brought to the Office of the Dean of
Fraternity and Sorority Presidents
of groups which maintain houses on
the campus, or which formerly main-
tained houses, should apply to the
Office of the Dean of Students at
once for a blank for listing current
Summer Plays to be presented by
the Michigan Repertory Players of
the department of speech include
"Blithe Spirit," by Noel Coward, "The
Male Animal" by James Thurber and
Elliott Nugent, "Quality Street" by
Sir James M. Barrie, "Over 21" by
Ruth Gordon and "Naughty Mari-
etta" by Victor Herbert and Rita J.
Young. Season tickets are now on
sale daily at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre box office, while individual
play tickets will be placed on sale
Monday, July 9. The season will open
July 11 and run through August 20.
Women's Education Club: There
will be a joint meeting of the Wom-
en's Education Club and school nurs-
es who will be on campus for a week's
institute on Wednesday, July 11. The
Russian Tearoom at the Michigan
League will be reserved from 11:45
a.m., EWT, and also certain tables
in the Ballroom from 12:00 for
luncheon, At about 12:30 the group
will adjourn to the Ethel Fountain
Hussey Room where Mr. Melvin Dol-
lar, Resident Lecturer in Public
Health Economics, will speak on
"What Teachers and Nurses Should
Know About Health Insurance." All
women in Education are invited to
Summer Session Choir: Conducted
by George Oscar Bowen, Tulsa, Okla-
home, open to all students who can
qualify, Rehearsals Mon., Wed.,
Thurs. and Fri. 7 to 8 p.m. Rm. 506
Phi Belta Kappa, The regular
weekly meeting of Phi Delta Kappa
will be held at the Michigan Union at
6:30 pm., on Tuesday, July 10. Dr.
F. Dean McClusky, Director of Scar-
borough School, will be the speaker.
Members will assemble at the desk in
the lobby and :proceed through the
cafeteria line to the faculty dining
room. Members of all chapters are
Rules governing participation in
Participation in Public Activities:
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
lic performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office in a class or other
student organization. This list is not
intended to be exhaustive, but merely
is indicative of the character and
scope of the activities included.
Certificate of' Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any pniblic activity until his
eligibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
as at any other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above),
the chairman or manager of such
activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificat'of eli-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and (c) file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility and a signed statement
to exclude all other from participa-
tion. Blanks for the chairman's lists
may be obtained in the Office of the
Dean of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
frst semester shall be effective until
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
Eligibility, First Year: No fresh-
man in his first semester of residence
may be granted a Certificate of Eli-
A freshman, during his second sem-
ester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark of less
than C, or (2) at least s22 times as
many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3,
C-2, D-1, E-0).
Any student in his first semester
of residence holding rank above that
of freshman may be granted a Cer-
tificate of Eligibility if he was admit-
ted to the University in good stand-
Eligibility General: In order to
receive a Certificate of Eligibility a
student must have earned at least 11
hours of academic credit in the pre-
ceding semester, or 6 hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of at
least C, and have at least a C average
for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of X
and I are to be interpreted as E until
removed in accordance with Univer-
sity regulations. If in the opinion of
the Committee on Student Affairs
the X or I cannot be removed promp-
tly, the parenthetically reported
grade may be used in place of the X
or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligible under
Rule V may participate only after
having received snecial nermission
approval from the financial adviser.
APPROVED CHAPERONS may be
1) parents of active members or
pledges, 2) professors, associate pro-
fessors or assistant professors, or 3)
couples already approved by the
Committee on Student Affairs. A
list of the third group is available
at the OFFICE OF THE DEAN OF
Information regarding Examin-
ation for Appointment as Cadet-
Midshipman (Engine) and Cadet-
Midshipman (Deck) in the United
States Merchant Marine Cadet Corps
and its Academy at Kings Point, may
be obtained at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
United States Civil Service an-
nouncements for Medical Technician,
$1752 to $2433, Scientific Aide, $1970
to $3163, and Social Case Worker,
$2100 and $2300, have been received
in our office. For further informa-
tion stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bur-
eau of Appointments.
REGISTRANTS : Both for Busi-
ness and Teaching, should give us
their SUMMER ELECTIONS and
SUMMER ADDRESS. University
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
Signed: University Bureau of
Appointments and Occupa-
Detroit Civil Service announce-
ments for Junior Forester, $2212 to
$2288, Social Case Worker $1952 to
$2282, Senior Traffic Checker, $.95
to $1.00 per hour,nand Senior Assist-
ant Forester (Gen.), $2829 to $3243
(Plus time and a half for sixth day),
have been received in our office. For
further information stop in at 201
Mason Hall, Bureau of Appoint-
Job registration will be held in
Room 205 Mason Hall on Monday,
July 9 at 4:15 p. m. This applies to
August and October graduates as well
as to graduate students or staff mem-
bers who wish to register and who
will be available for positions next
year. The Bureau has two placement
divisions: Teacher Placement and
General Placement. The General
Division includes service to people
seeking positions in business, indu-
stry, and professions other than ed-
It is important to register NOW be-
cause there will be only one registra-
tion during the two summer sessions.
There is no fee for registration.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
University Lecture. Tuesday, July
10, Professor Preston W. Slosson,
"Interpreting the News." 3:10 p.m.,
A cademic Notices
Freshman Health Lectures for Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are to take,
without credit, a series of lectures in
personal and community health and
to pass an examination on the con-
tent of these lectures. Transfer stu-
dents with freshman standing are
also required to take the course un-
less they have had a similar course
These lectures will be given in
Room 25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p.m.
and repeated at 7:30 p.m. as per the
following schedule. (These times are
Eastern War Time).
Lecture No. Day Date
1 Monday July 9
2 Tuesday July 10
3 Wednesday July 11
4 Thursday July 12
5 Monday July 16
6 Tuesday July 17
7 Wednesday July 18
8 Thursday July 19
Please notethat attendance is re-
qulred and roll will be taken.
Warren E. Forsyths, M.D.
Director, Health Service
L. S. & A. Juniors now eligible for
Concentration should get admission
to Concentration blanks at Room 4,
Univ. Hall, immediately. These slips
must be properly signed by the Ad-
viser and the original copy returned
to Room 4, Univ. Hall at once.
Sociology 54, Modern Social Prob-
lems, will meet today, as well as
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday of
next week, as scheduled originally.
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctor's degree in English will be
held August 1, 4, 8, and 11 EWT (3,
7 and 10 CWT), at 3223 Angell Hall.
All students desiring to take the
examinations are requested to give
their names to Professor Nelson,
3223 A. H.
Linguistic Institute Lecture-Dem-
onstration: "A demonstration of an
introductory analysis of a language
unknown to the linguist." Dr. Ken-
neth L. Pike, lecturer in phonetics
6:30 p. m. CWT (7:30 p. m. EWT),
Wednesday, July 11, Rackham Am-
To all male students in the College
of Tminr ire Q^ " - L. -
TPO SAY that the San Francisco Charter is a
panacea for all ills would be a mistake. It is
not even a definite cure-all for wars. However,
the charter is definitely a step towards the top
of the proverbial ladder of success we are now
Whether or not the Charter is feasible is cer*
tainly a good question for debate and indeed,
many a debate has been held on the subject.
'Two opposing camps on "Town Meeting of the
Air" were in a heated (really hot) argument over
the Charter question last week. There were
those who felt that the charter should be ratified
by the Senate, that the charter is a solid struc-
ture upon which we can build a better world.
And then there were those who felt that any
thought of international cooperation must be
thrust from us. Congresswoman Sumners pre-
sented an alternative to any sort of charter-
take our boys home from Europe; stop lend-lease.
If this plan could prevent a third world war,
- ,ff = I I I IML-
Your poor father! Lost! Staggering in
blind circles in this dangerous forest!
Howls of wolfpacks drawing closer and
closer! Insects! Reptiles! Aardvarks!
Struggling on and on through impenetrable
jungle! His clothes in pitiful tatters! Heat!
Thirst! Cold! Hunger-er-Barnaby, first
thing to do is trot home and fill up that
lunch basket with warm nourishing food-
9 or hop
'Copyright, 1945, The Newspoper PM, Inc.
By Crockett Johnson
To sustain the search party in Sr
its arduous task. I'm pressing
into service the entire Elves,
Leprechauns, Gnomes and Little
Men's Chowder and Marching
Society . . Every member!
With the aid of hundreds of my colleagues from
the Little Men's Chowder and Marching Club, your
Fni;.r::Gdather will sou t ores for von sur
He's calling the police
on our phone, Bettina. Helo?
Ne Inst two tittle kis
Okay. I'll send a couple of men out
in a squad car. And I'll see if I can
auf a fpwhm safi frs h, nrs.-