VOL L, No. is
Warmer in Afternoon
VOL. LV, No. Is ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, JULY 3, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Over 100Rep ort for First Grid Drill
Back frio '44
Will Start Today
By BILL MULLENDORE
Daily Sports Editor
Upwards of 100 candidates, with
,More still to come, provided an un-
expectedly large turnout at the open-
ing summer football drill yesterday
as the Michigan coaching staff began
the task of preparing the 1945 grid
squad for the fall campaign.
Seven lettermen from last year's
second place Western Conference ag-
gregation and four reserves were
among the aspirants. An eighth
letter winner halfback Jack Weisen-
burger, is not expected for three
Many Freshmen Out
The balance of the squad includes
a large number of freshmen, several
with promising high school records,
and a liberal sprinkling of Naval and
Marine trainees. Some of the Naval
personnel boast previous grid experi-
ence at other colleges and universi-
Two sour notes were injected into
the otherwise highly satisfactory
turnout, however, when it was learn-
ed that Dick 9ban, promising center
candidate from Central Michigan,
has been transferred from the cam-
pus by the Navy and that Milan
Lazetich, Michigan's top lineman last
year and a good bet for All-Ameri-
can honors this fall, may be un-
available for duty owing to Pin in-
The eight returning lettermen are
headed by team captain Joe Pon-
setto, first string quarterback last
season, who is again expected to fill
the signal-calling position. Others
include John Lintol and Harry Watts,
who alternated at center in 1944;
Howard Yerges, Ponsetto's substi-
tute last year at quarter; halfback
(See GRIDDERS, Page 7)
Charles Walton, a junior in the
engineering school, was named presi-
dent of the Men's Judiciary Council
and Dick Mixer, also a junior engi-
neer, was appointed secretary for the
hummer and fall semesters.
The Council is the student govern-
ing body for men, handling all cam-
pus elections and disciplinary prob-
Walton was formerly head of the
Engineering Council and a member of
the engineering honor council. He is
a member of Triangles, junior engi-
neering honor society, and Phi Delta
Majoring in chemical engineering,
Mixer was a member of the 1945 Vic-
'tory Ball committee, the Union Ex-
ecutive Council and the hockey team.
He is also president of the campus
chapter of the American Institute of
Chemical Engineers and a member
of Phi Delta Theta.
Other members of the Council are
the president of the Interfraternity
Council, the president of the Union,
the president of the Engineering
Council and the managing editor of
of SOILC To Meet
Members of the Executive Coun-
cil of the all-campus organization,
recently granted recognition by
the Student Organization for In-
ternational Cooperation, are ask-
ed to attend an important meeting
to be held at 4:30 p. m. EWT (3:30
p. m. CWT) Thursday at the
Union, Herbert Otto, temporary
chairman announced yesterday.
The Executive Council, which
is made up of representatives of
19 campus organizations, will con-
sider petitions from other organ-
izations to obtain membership on
Organizations seeking member-
ship should submit a petition stat-
ing the contributions which it
would make toward establishing
world youth unity.
Pollock To Go
T o Germany as
Dr. James K. Pollock, of the Uni-
versity Political Science Department,
will leave soon for Germany to as-
sume duties as special adviser to the
American representatives in the
Central Control Council which will
govern Germany during the period
of military occupation.
Announcement of his appointment
was made by the State Department.
Dr. Pollock will work under Lt.
Gen. Lucius Clay, Gen. Eisenhower's
Senate To OK
Says Ratification Is
Necessary for Peace
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 2 - Harry S.
Truman came back to the Senate to-
day to hand his old associates the
United Nations Charter and ask them
to ratify it promptly.
"The choice before the Senate is
now clear," he said, spacing his words
"The choice is not between this
charter and something else. It is be-
tween this charter and no charter
Then, just before ending his seven-
minute speech, he re-emphasized
that conclusion to the men who have
the final say-so on ratification.
"This charter points down the only
road to enduring peace," he said.
"There is no other.
"Let us not hesitate to join hands
with the peace-loving peoples of the
earth and start down that road-
with God's help and with firm resolve
that we can and will reach our goal.
"I urge ratification.
"I urge prompt ratification."
There appeared no doubt his re-
quest would be granted since an As-
sociated Press poll showed more than
two thirds of the Senate membership
already on record for the world or-
Shortly before Mr. Truman went to
the Capitol Senator Barkley (D-Ky.)
said he had told the President he
'couldn't put my finger on as many
as six senators who will be against"
The President told the Senate that
people all over the face of the earth
are watching to se if this nation
will take the lead in ratifying the
document born on nine weeks hard
work at San Francisco.
Senate Aims Embodied
He assured the intently listening
Senators that the charter carries out
completely the Senate's own peace
organization aims as embodied in last
year's Connally resolution. He asked
them to consider the spirit as well as
the words of the charter, a bound
copy of which lay beside him on a
"The objectives of the charter are
clear," he declared.
"It seeks to prevent future wars.
"It seeks to settle international
disputes by peaceful means and in
conformity with principles of justice.
"It seeks to promote world-wide
progress and better standards of liv-
"It seeks to achieve tuniversal re-
spect for, and observance of, human
rights and fundamental freedoms for
at' men and women - without dis-
tinction as to race, language or re-
"It seeks to remove the economic
and social causes of international
conflict and unrest.
Announced by Plate
Summer appointments to the Union
council were announced recently by
James Plate, Union president and
Sanford Perlis, Union secretary.
Co-chairman of the administration
committee are Jery Comer and Henry
Horldt, while Richard Mixer and
Paul John will head the social com-
mittee. Publicity chairman is Charles
House committee co-chairmen are
Harold Walters and George Spauld-
ing, and Wayne Bartlett will direct
the war-activities committee.
Big News In Brief
By The Associated Press
To Evacuate Singapore
Shimotsu Attack on Heels of 600-Ship
History-Making Incendiary Bomb Raid
By The Associated Press
Guam, Tuesday, July 3-About 50 American Superfortresses blasted
'the Maruzen Oil Refinery near Shimotsu on Japan's mainland before
dawn today, less than 24 hours after nearly 600 of the B-29's struck four
Nippon cities in the greatest incendiary air-raid in history. Only two
bombers were lost in the record fire-bomb mission.
Explosive bombs were used in the Shimotsu attack, the sixth raid in
eight days by the Marianas-based B-29's against Japan. Shimotsu is 35
miles southwest of Osaka on Hon-
SAN FRANCISCO, July 2- The Japanese announced plans today to
evacuate civilians from Singapore as Allied power to the east on Borneo
rolled up dangerously close to the great naval base. The Japanese-controlled
Java radio said non-essential civilians would begin clearing out of Singapore
the middle of July. The Allies already control three air bases at Brunei,
little more than 700 miles from Singapore, and now Australians are moving
down Borneo's west coast toward Kuching air base - 400 miles from
Senate Accepts IByrnes Unanimously)
WASHINGTON, July 2-The Senate today paid James F. Byrnes the
tribute of confirmation as Secretary of State without hearings, without
debate and without dissent. The nomination arrived from the White House
at 12 noon, and in less than a half hour approval was granted.
* * * *
WLB Cracks Down on Akron Strikers
Unprecedented disciplinary action was invoked by the War Labor Board
yesterday against one of the largest groups of strikers among the 54,000
idle over the nation. With some 33,000 persons away from their jobs in
the big rubber capital of Akron, 0., the WLB suspended shift premium
and vacation provisions of its April 3 directive for 16,700 workers on strike
at the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company since.,June 16. The Board also
ordered 17,000 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company strikers in Akron to
resume production of their vital war output. Striking deliverymen for 11
New York City newspapers also were ordered to, end their crippling walkout
but a Union official indicated the WLB directive would be ignored.
* * * *
Aussies Ad'a'ce at Balikpawpn
MANILA, Tuesday, July 3 - The Seventh Australian Division at Balik-
papan has secured three miles of beach east of the Borneo oil port and has
driven inland 2,500 yards against stiffening enemy resistance, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur announced today.
FOREIGN POLICY REVISION:
Stassen Predicts Long Peace
if U.S. Is Wise World Leader
By The Associated Press
MACKINAC ISLAND, Mich., July 2-Harold E. Stassen told a news
conference today that "we are facing a basic reorientation of our entire
foreign policy" and if the United States follows a course of wise world
leadership it will be possible to go 50 years without a war.
The former Minnesota governor, who will return to his post as assist-
ant chief of staff to Admiral William F. Halsey in the Pacific soon, spoke
DR. JAMES K. POLLOCK
...on Avay to Germany
deputy, and Ambassador Robert
Murphy, Eisenhower's political ad-
He will act as adviser on problems
of local and regional government,I
civil service and related internal af-
Internationally-known as an au-
thority on German government, Dr.
Pcllock is author of six books and
numerous monographs on German
politics, and has been a member of
the faculty for more than 20 years.
Although the University is on
Central War Time, the Summer
Session and Term announcements
used Eastern War Time due to
uncontrollable conditions, Prof.
Louis A. Hopkins director of the
Summer program, said yesterday.
For the convenience of the stu-
dent body, future summer pro-
gram announcements will be made
in both Eastern and Central War
Times, he announced.
to about 50 newsmen before appealing
to take a more active part in studying.
and speaking about international af-
Charter Called Essential
Just back from serving as a dele-
gate to the San Francisco conference,
he said the United Nations charter is
"an essential step to world coopera-
"Unless we have, a mechanism
whereby nations can meet continu-
ally, it will be impossible through
messages and envoys to work out our
social, economic and political prob-
lems satisfactorily," he asserted.
He added the charter alone was not
sufficient and that the "common
bonds of the people of the world in
their intense desire for peace will de-
cide the issue of peace or war."
War is Not Inevitable
"I do not feel that war is inevit-
able," he declared. "But that doesn't
mean that we might not always have
In response to a question, com-
mander Stassen said he still felt that
from a Republican or party stand-
point it was a political liability for
him to accept membership on the
American delegation to San Francisco
from a president of the opposing
party. But he said he wanted to re-
emphasize that he accepted the ap-
pointment because of the great obli-
gation he felt and that he would ac-
to the governors in a night address
* * *
shu Island. The target was the third
oil plant hit in a week.
Dual Bombing Campaign
The precision demolition attacks
are part of a dual bombing campaign
now being waged by Major General
Curtic Lemay's 21st Bomber Com-
mand. They are being alternated
with 500 and 600 plane incendiary
Targets in the two previous pre-
cision attacks included the Utsube
River Oil Refinery and the Nippon
Oil Company's plant at Kudumatsu.
Many Storage Tanks
The Maruzen installations produce
fuel and lubrication oil and aviation
gasoline. Many large storage tanks
were in the target area, as well as
Superfortress crew men returned
from the record incendiary attack
said Japanese and ground fire oppo-
sition was insignificant.
The 20th Air Force, announcing
from Washington that two of the
B-29s failed to return, said that 20
crew members were rescued. Super-
fortresses normally carry crews of
11 men each.
Drop 4,000 Tons
In the four-pronged, before-dawn
mission Monday, the bombers from
Marianas base at Guam, Tinian and
Saipan poured four thousand tons of
incendiaries on Kure, Shimohoseki,
Ube and Kumamoto-all vital cen-
ters of Japan's war-making power of
about 200,000 population or more
The attack brought to 22 the num-
ber of Japan's key cities struck by
American fire raiders since the in-
cendiary campaign was launched
March 10 with the first such at-
tacks on Tokyo.
Writers To Vie
The annual summer Avery and
Jule Hopwood contest for drama,
essay, fiction, and poetry writing will
be open to summer session and sum-
mer session and summer term stu-
dents alike, Prof. Roy W. Cowden, di-
rector of the Hopwood contest, has
All entries will be due by 4:30 p. mn.
EWT (3:30 p. m. CWT) Friday, Aug-
ust 17 in the Hopwood room on the
third floor of Angell Hall. Winners
will be announced and awards made
the following week.
Eight awards will be made, $75.00
and $50.00 in each of the four fields.
Judges for the contest, all members
of the English department, are Prof.
Carlton F. Wells, Prof. Norman Nel-
son, and Dr. Morris Greenhut for
drama and fiction; Prof. Henry V.
Ogden, Albert K. Stevens, and Ed-
ward T. Calver for essay; and Prof.
Bennett Weaver, Rosamond E. Haas,
and Dr. Richard H. Fogle for poetry.
All students interested in the Hop-
wood contests should get the state-
ment of regulations and any other
information desired in the Hopwood
Shirley W. Smith Is
New Alumni Head
Shirley W. Smith, former vice-
president of the University, was
unanimously elected Director - at -
Large of Alumni Association at the
annual meeting of the board of di-
rectors on June 22, in the League,
T. Hawley Tapping, general secretary
of Alumni Association, announced
Alumni Directors of the Union for
the next year are Donald C. May,
'10E, and Dr. Dean W. Myers, '99H.
Peter Van Domelen, jr., '22E, was
elected Senior Vice-President of
Alumni Association, and Joel M.
Barnes, '05E,' will be Junior Vice-
Students are wanted to help
with the Summer Directory.
Workers will be paid by the hour.
Contact Mrs. Dodd at Student
Publications 2-3241 between 2 and
5 p. m. EWT (1 and 4 p. m. CWT)
Tuesday or Thursday.
E. Maddy, of the School of Music and
president of the National Music Camp
here, raised his baton'before an or-
chestra of 210 youngsters yesterday.
He invited James C. Petrillo; head
of the American Federation of Musi-
cians, to "do something about it." By
defying the union leader who recently
issued an edict that any AFM mem-
ber who played or conducted at the
camp would be violating his union
membership, Dr. Maddy placed his
own 36-year union status on the
"Now it's up to Petrillo," Dr. Mad-
dy declared following the hour-long
rehearsal. "The musicians are here
to learn. I directed this morning
and I'm going to keep on directing.
Now we'll see if he wants to do some-
thing about it."
The clash between Dr. Maddy and
Petrillo started in 1942 when the
AFM leader banned national broad-
casts from the Northern Michigan
The All-American High School
Symphony Orchestra had been broad-
casting regularly for 12 years until
the ban was imposed.
Dr. Maddy said 650 full-time and
300 part-time students were on hand
for the camp opening, the largest on
The Post-War Council will hold its
first meeting at 4 p.m. EWT (3 p.m.
CWT) Thursday at the Union,
The post-war world organization
will be studied in all of its phases
during a summer session program to
be sponsored by the Post-War Coun-
Culminating in a mock senate
meeting, the program will consist of
a series of panels and talks, to be
given Tuesday evenings.
At the introductory lecture, to be
given at 7:30 p.m. EWT (6:30 p.m.
CWT), Prof. Lobanov of the History
Department will explain the San
Francisco conference and compare it
with Versaille and the League Cove-
Other meetings will be concerned
with international economics, human
rights and minorities as well as the
problem of trusteeships and the dis-
position of colonies.
The summer schedule is a contin-
uation of the Post-War Council pro-
grams of previous semesters. In the
fall term, '44, the issues of the Dum-
barton Oaks Charter were4explained
and in the spring term, '45, a anock
San Francisco conference was held
and talks were given on problems
which were then under discussion by
the United Nations.
All of those who are interested in
joining the Post-War Council are
urged to attend the first meeting of
the summer term.
CMDR. HAROLD STASSEN
. . . war is not inevitable
Daily Business Staff
Tryouts To Meet Today
Meeting of all students inter-
ested in working on the Business
Staff of the Michigan Daily will
be held at 4:30 p. m. EWT (3:30
p. m. CWT) today.
Today Prof. Preston W. Slosson
will deliver a University
lecture, "Interpreting the
News" at 4:10 p. m. EWT
(3:10 CWT) in Rackham
Today Louis A. Hopkins, Direct-
or of the Summer Pro-
gram, will speak on "The
Summer Program of the
University of Michigan"
at 3:05 p. m. EWT (2:05
p. m. CWT) in the Uni-
versity High School Aud-
COWARD'S NEWEST COMEDY:
Repertory Players To Open 17th Season With 'Blithe Spirit'
"Blithe Spirit," "The Male Ani-
mal," "Quality Street," "Over 21,"
and "Naughty Marietta" comprise the
seventeenth Summer Session program
of the Michigan Repertory Players
of the speech department.
most amusing college farce of recent
"Quality Street" by Sir James Bar-
rie, well known as a classic in English
literature, was first presented on the
American stage by Maude Adams. It
the School of Music will collaborate
with the Department of Speech in
the production of an operetta.
"Naughty Marietta" by Victor Herb-
ert and Rita Young has been chosen.
The picturesque life of old New Or-
entertainment for summer school
students and the townspeople. A
professional standard is maintained
in all productions.
Season tickets at special summer
rates are on sale at the Lydia Men-