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July 06, 1945 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1945-07-06

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- FRIDAY, :FULY' 6, 1949'




Fifty-Fifth Year

War Food Inequity Inevitable

Edited and managed by, students of theUniversity of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of. Student Publications.

Ray Dixon
Margaret Farmar
betty Roth
Bill Mullendore
Dick Strickland

Editorial Staff
. . . Managing Editor
S . . . Associate Editor
~ . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
Business Staff
. . . . Business Manager

Telephone 23-24-1

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Cinema League
THE POLICY of 'the Art Cinema League in
carrying out its program, sponsored this
summer by the University Summer Session office,
is to bring worthwhile films, both. foreign and
American, to the campus.
The motion picture industry has unques-
tionably developed into one of the most influ-
ential medians of our age, but it has not, for
the most part, fulfilled its potentialities or
serving in the advancement of the world's
Organizations such as the recently revived Art
Cinema League call attention to the fine pieces
of art which the film industry is capable of pro-
ducing, and promote the continuation of such
works. The interest and support of such groups
as the League are proof of the fact that there is
a need and a desire for films requiring more than
a twelve-year-old mentality for-appreciation of
Such movements as the League indicate the
demand for fine and artistic productions and
the movie industry will not have assumed its
proper position until it recognizes its heavy
-Margery Jackson

HAVE BEEN READING about food, and
thinking about food; and it seems to me that
we have too easy a tendency to blame all our
food problems on the war. The war is the
villain, we have decided; it is because of the
war, we feel, that our distribution of food has
become distorted. We tend to slip into the be-
lief that before the war there was a golden age,
when food was properly and fairly distributed
to the people of America; and that after the
war the golden age will return. Ah, peace,
when everybody gets his fair share of butter
and beef.
Only, the more I get into it, the less all
that seems to be true. Talk about maldistri-
bution of food! If you take any normal peace-
time year, you find figures on food maldistri-
bution which would be a scandal if they were
true of this year of war, 1945.
I find, for example (in a Department of Labor
study) that, in the summer of 1935, weekly
food expenditures in New York City and Chi-
cago varied from $7.42 in the case of families
earning less than $20 a week, to $13.48 in the
case of families earning between $60 and $80
a week. But families earning $150 a week and
over spent $22.81. Familiesin the lowest in-
come bracket spent 93 cents per week on beef,
and in the highest, $1.84.
The year 1935 was a year of low, but fairly
stable prices, and no black markets, and no war,
and yet some families obtained twice as much
beef and twice as much butter as did others.
There are oceans of figures like these on my
desk, and the 'burden of them all is that the
distribution of food has never been equitable in
this (or any other) country, in peace or in
war; in fact the whole concept of equitable
food distribution is a kind of mirage,
FROM THIS we go on to the really startling
proposition that the distribution of food in
America has probably never been fairer than it
is at the present time, war or no war. The
reason is that almost all of us are equipped at the
moment with equitable hunting licenses, i.e.,
UNRIA's Troubles
WASHINGTON-A significant, off-the-record
meeting took place between Secretary of War
Stimson, one-time Republican candidate for
governor of New York, and Democratic Governor
Herbert Lehman, five times governor of New
York, now head of UNRRA.
Lehman has been greatly troubled about the
danger of acute starvation in Europe next
winter, and fears the United States will get the
Ex-governor Lehman, therefore, went to see
Stimson to point out that the U.S. Army had
800,000 trucks in Europe, and he wanted to bor-
row 50,000 of them for food distribution.
Stimson listened briefly, but turned the sub-
ject to the political situation in Europe. He
seemed much more interested in whether
Europe could keep the peace, apparently for-
getting that people with full stomachs are
more peaceful than those half-starved.
HE SAME SUBJECT, plus other important
matters, was debated in a secret session of
the'Mead committee last week. All got in hot
water during the three-hour closed-door meet-
ing except the maritime commission and
UNRRA. Unpopular brass hat General Brehon
Somervell, who showed up with a small army of
60 aides, took the worst thumping of all.
Somervell admitted under questioning that
the Army has at least 50,000 surplus trucks in
Europe. New York's. hard-working Senator
Mead then asked Governor Lehman if he had
been able to pick up any of these trucks for
relief work.
"Do you want any of these trucks?" asked
"Do we want them?" replied Lehman. "The
trouble is we can't get them. We can't seem to
get them released. I've got a telegram from
Yugoslavia here telling that one hungry Yugo-
slav city, Sarajevo, has only three trucks to feed
thousands of people. Why, some towns are
starving, while they're burning the food just a.
few miles away in the same country because they
can't move. A year from now the army will be

begging us to take trucks. Then we won't need
them. We want them now when they can save
After more discussion, Lehman, whose anger
was rising, stood up from the back of the room,
looked straight at Somervell, and said:
"There's all that' surplus army stuff, espe-
cially in Italy. Why can't we get it?"
Somervell hesitated. "We want to cooper-
ate," he said lamely, "and we're going to."

money, with which to go after whatever food is
available; it's a kind of fair scramble. Those of
us who are accustomed to buying and eating
meat freely ate less of it last year, than during
peace; yet the country as a whole ate 140 to 145
pounds per capita, as compared with about 125
pounds before the war. This can only mean
that large groups of the population which could
not afford meat before, are buying it now; and
that means that the so-called "food maldistri-
bution" of war is actually a rough correction of
peace-time inaldistribution.
The war has exposed the fact that this
country never has produced enough food for
all its people; that is the true meaning of the
discovery that shortages result when every-
body piles into the market-place to buy. There
isn't enough for all; but that's not the war's
doing; there never has been.
WE have subtly changed our signals in the
. transition from peace to war; during peace,
it was our job merely to produce enough food for
those who could afford to buy it; during war
it has become our job to produce enough food
to keep the whole nation well fed, and we are
not yet geared for that job; it's a wholly new
kind of job.
Rationing tends to bog down, not only be-
cause of administrative difficulties, but also
because an attempted equitable distribution
of food exposes the fact that the country,
as a whole, is underfed. There is a glimpse here
of opportunities ahead for farmers and food
merchants if we ever have anything like con-
tinuous full employment. As for those who
look to the end of the war as the end of
shortages, they ought to realize that we will
merely be substituting silent shortages in the
bodies of underfed children, for the noisy
shortages cried out against by the man with
money in his hand.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
N-OW THAT the war in Western Europe is over
I suppose that the manufacturers, bankers,
and politicians figure the time has come for a
rousing good anti-labor union campaign. Now
that the unions have contributed their share in
war production to win the war, they can turn
quick as a cat and bite the hands that kept the
Nazi brutes away from America. This at least
is the conclusion one can draw from a number
of recent events.
Colliers ran an editorial last week advocat-
ing that unions be liable for all losses incurred
by a company during a strike. Cecil B. De-
Mille dropped out of his A. F. of L. union for
theatrical people because they tried to assess
him for a political campaign. He replied by
withdrawing and attacking the union in the
Readers' Digest.
AND WORST OF ALL, three senators, Ball,
Hatch and Burton are now sponsoring a bill
in the Senate to make the bargaining opportu-
nity of labor and capital "equal" by limiting
the Wagner Act. This spurious "equality" law
seeks to keep union organizers away from shops
where elections are forthcoming, excludes agri-
cultural workers from the law, and enforces com-
pulsory legislation upon unions among other
This makes labor "equal" all right, equal
' to an anvil upon which management pounds
out profits with its open shop hammer.
Such a drive for the old open-shop-and-in-
junction days before Wilson's administration
and before that of the late President Roosevelt,
will bring no peace or prosperity to America.
For us who are comfortably situated at the uni-
versity and with white collar and professional
jobs ahead, labor's problems may seem pretty
remote. They are not remote however.
The most important factor in post-war pros-
perity will be purchasing power. If that is
high, we will have that prosperity. And don't
forget that that prosperity will be reflected in
teachers' salaries, in office employees' checks
and in small business's profits, aside from the
big businesses benefits. On the other hand, if
the purchasing power is low there will not be
as great a prosperity, if any.

No single group in American life is as im-
portant to our economy as the labor unions.
Regardless of personal prejudice about being
organized, white collar workers and teachers
recognize that now. Any actions by the press,
the industrialists or the politicians to hamper
or outlaw the unions is then your concern.
A post card or letter to your senator is an
investment like a war bond on your own

THE unparalleled enthusiasm that
has greeted General Eisenhower
on his return to this country is more
than a tribute to a successful general.
Only a small portion of the cheering
acclaims the man who did so much
to liberate Europe in the face of
staggering difficulties.
The man the American people
have come to love is the "General
Ike" who came home not to be
feted as a hero but to represent
the courageous men he led, to
plead for peace while all around
him he heard praise of his prow-
ess in warfare, to call the nation
sternly to account for the debt we
owe our fighting men.
It would be unexceptionable con-
duct in General Eisenhower if he
were merely to sit back and accept
the fruits of victory. He has done
his job well. He is entitled to rest
and glory.
It would be easy for him to stand
up and say the words that make fine
hearing, the sounding phrases that
match medal-ribbons and festive
But "General Ike" has not cho-
sen that easy course. In the flush
of victory he has chosen to remem-
ber the stench and noise and tor-
ture of battle, to speak not of his
blueprints for victory but of the
commonplace men, the wet and
dirty doughboys, the ordinary
heroes who carried those plans
By doing this sternly, tenacious-
ly and without bombast, General
Eisenhower has proved himself a
leader more effectively than could
any amount of stars upon his
shoulder. He is not only a great
general, he is a great man.
-Marjorie Mills.

& £c~eatn

P, 'R
IT IS SAID ("said," being an old
Sanscrit word meaning unlikely)
that the University is going to patch
up the old campus like new. As it
stands now (and that by the grace
of God) the campus is chock full of
monuments to architectural incom-
petency. Not only are the buildings
old but most of them are in worse
shape than a retired chorus girl. We
know of at least three buildings that
were obtained by foreclosing on Sit-
ting Bull and Hiawatha, one of the
earlier building-trades monopolies in
Ann Arbor.
* * *
We aren't too interested in outward
appearances. We'd rather have them
pay more attention to the student's
comfort. Most of the classroom seats
or benches are narrower than a
chaperon's mind. There isn't a lec-
ture room on campus in which a
student can sleep comfortably.
Of course the University may go
to the extreme. A couple more
white elephants like the Rackham
building, and the registration of-
fice will have to apply for a circus
We have always liked the Natural
Science Museum. It houses part of
a large collection of ancient fossils,
the other part being liberally divided
among the several sorority houses on
* * *
The architecture building and its
famous, yea, even notorious garden
has long fascinated us. The gar-
den looks something like a Turk-
ish harem. In the daytime we walk
through the garden willy-nilly; in
the night time, harem-scarem.
* * *
Some of the buildings aren't too
well fireproofed, and the situation is
touch and go. As it is now the only
place you can smoke when you get
them is in the Angell Hall smoke
house, which is as large as a thimble
or maybe even larger.
The idea of building a glass case
around "U Hall" has been ad-
vanced in some circles, and it has
been well received by the hall's
inhabitants, mostly termites, who
haveaa strong union and have long
had a powerful lobbying bloc in the
building commission.


Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session, Angell Hall,
by 2:30 p. m. of the day preceding pub-
lication (10:30 a. in. Saturdays).
FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 3-S
There is an urgent need for Dailies
for the boys in service here in the
U. S. Send copies when through with
them to Mrs. Ruth Buchanan in the
The Michigan Daily will be distrib-
uted on the diagonal between 8:00
and 10:00, Mondays, Wednesdays,
Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays to
students who live in house where the
paper is NOT delivered.
The office of the Interfraternity
Council will be open from 2 to 4 p.m.
(CWT) 3 to 5 p. m. (EWT) every day
except Saturday until July 13 for
general information, and the regis-
tration of men for Fraternity rushing.
After July 13, the office will be open
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday
from 2 to 4 p. m. (CWT) 3 to 5 p. m.
Armenian Students Association:
The first meeting this summer will
be held on Friday, July 6, from 6:30-
8:30 p. m. (CWT), at the Interna-
tional Center. All students of Arme-
nian parentage are urged to attend.
Recreational Swimming for Women
Students: The Union pool will be
open for recreational swimming for
women students on Tuesday and
8:30 (EWT), and Saturday mornings
8:30 EWT), and Saturday mornings
from 8:15 to 10:15 (CWT), 9:15 to
11:15 (EWT). Any woman student
may swim during this hour provided
she has a medical permit. This may
be obtained at the Health Service. A
fee of 25c per swim is charged.
Housemothers of undergraduate
women's residences are notified that
beginning with the end of this term,
it will no longer be necessary for
them to send notices of students' ill-
nesses to the Office of the Dean of
Women for the purpose of securing
class excuses. Class excuses for min-
or or temporary illnesses will no
longer be handled by this office as
has been the case this year. The
Health Service will give statements
only in cases where students have
first been seen.
Identification Cards: All identifica-
tion cards which were given out dur-
ing the Summer, Fall or Spring
Terms of the year 1944-45 must be
validated by the Dean of Students for
the Summer Term 1945. Cards which
were not turned in at registration in
Waterman Gymnasium should be left
at Room 2, University Hall at once.
Cards which are not revalidated will
not be honored for the Summer Term
by University officials.
Eligibility Certificates for the Sum-
mer Term may be secured immediate-
ly if the report of Spring Term is
brought to the Office of the Dean of
Fraternity and Sorority Presidents
of groups which maintain houses on
the campus, or which formerly main-
tained houses, should apply to the
Office of the Dean of Students at
once for a blank for listing current
Job registration will be held in
Room 205 Mason Hall on Monday.
July 9 at 4:15 p. m. This applies to
August and October graduates as well
as to graduate students or staff mem-
bers who wish to register and who
will be available for positions next+

year. The Bureau has two placement
divisions: Teacher Placement and
General Placement. The General
Division includes service to people
seeking positions in business, indu-
stry; and professions other than ed-
It is important to register now be-
cause there will be only one registra-
tion during the two summer sessions.
There is no fee for registration.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
ATTENTION-All organized houses
in which undergraduate women are
1. Closing hours will be 10:00 p. m.-
CWT on Sunday through Thurs-
day and 11:30 p. m. CWT on Fri-
day and Saturday. Every woman
must sign out when leaving her
house after 6:30 p. m. CWT and
must sign in upon her return.
2. Sign-out sheets must be turned in
by the house president by Monday,
July 9 at 11:00 a. m. CWT. These
should include the period from the
opening of the particular house
through Sunday. July 8, and sign-
out sheets must be in by 11:00
a. m. CWT on every Monday there-
after. A composite sheetmusgtac-

etc., and methods of recording
these on the composite record.
Copies of house rules, sign-out
sheets, and composite sheets are
available in the Social Director's
Office in the League. House presi-
dents should be responsible for
keeping their houses supplied with
these and for posting a copy of the
house rules in a prominent place.
4. Every house must elect a president
and vote on quiet hours by Friday,
July 6. Basic quiet hours will be:
6:30 p. m. CWT to 9:30 p. m. CWT
Sunday through Thursday. Addi-
tional quiet hours may be estab-
lished by individual houses if they
vote to do so.
5. The house head and house presi-
dent will be held responsible for
the accuracy of all reports turned
in at the Undergraduate office.
The house president shall be re-
'sponsible for their delivery. There
will be a compulsory meeting of all
house heads and presidents on
Monday, July 9 at 6:30 p. in. CWT
at the Michigan League.
Important Notice:
All women students and house
heads are held responsible for the
House Rules. Copies of these rules
are available at all times in the
Social Director's office in the Mich-
igan League.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to visitors on Friday evening,
July 6, from 8:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.
CWT (9:00 to 11:00 p.m. EWT) if
the sky is clear, to observe Jupiter
and Star Cluster. Children must be
accompanied by adults.
Men interested in obtaining positions
as maintenance workers at a nearby
summer camp, please contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Opportunities for college graduates
in Indiana Sate Bard of Health in
Sanitary Engineering, salary $135 to
$200 a month, Public Health Sani-
tarian, $135 to $200 a month, and
Chemists, $135 to $185 a month.
Further information regarding ex-
amination and experience may be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
State of Michigan Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following exam-
inations have been received in our
office. Cartographic- Engineering
Draftsman 1, 11, and 111, $180 to
$340 per month, Statistician I, III,
and IV, $230 to $420 per month, Law
Stenographer A, $150 to $170 per
month, Library Assistant A and B,
$125 to $170 per month, Catalog Li-
brarian I, $180 to $220 per month,
Department Librarian I, $180 to $220
per month, Reference Librarian I,
$180 to $220,8Traveling Library Li-
brarian I, $180 to $220 per month,
and Milk Sanitarian II $230 to $270
per month. For further information
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
Detroit Civil Service announce-
ments for Junior Forester, $2212 to
$2288, Social Case Worker $1952 to
$2282, Senior Traffic Checker, $.95
to $1.00 per hour, and Senior Assist-
ant Forester (Gen.), $2829 to $3243
(Plus time and a half for sixth day),
have been received in our office. For
further information stop in at 201
Mason Hall, Bureau of Appoint-
Academic Notices
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health. Stu-
dents who receive marks of I or X at
the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by August 2. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in

order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U.H. where it will be trans-
Mathematics 151, Advanced Cal-
culus, will be offered in the 16 week
Summer Term meeting MWF at 11
o'clock in Room 3201 Angell Hall.
First session of class will be Fri-
day at 10 a. m. (CWT) 11 a. m.
Political Science 151s. This class
will meet Friday from 1-3 (CWT)
2-4 (EWT) in room 408 of the Li-
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on Fri-
day, July 6, from 3 to 5 p. m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing. Dictionaries may be used.
Freshman Health Lectures for Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are to take,
without credit, a series of lectures in
personal. and community health and
to pass an examination on the con-
fnn. Anoff''aplnn*,,,"n. 'rron.n r ,ii


Court Paradox

THE SUPREME COURT, by .two recent deci-
sions, has decided that Nazi. bund members
may oppose conscription safely but conscientious
objectors may not.
A lower court convicted ?4 Bund leaders of
interfering with the draft.' The Supreme Court
acquitted these men with Justice Roberts de-
claring that "Bundists always favored a com-
pulsory selective service, even though they did
not wish a draft army to fight with England
against Germany." That kind of reasoning.
virtually means that as long as one favors
selective service, that's fine, even if the pro-
posed army would fight against us.
But the Court upheld a decision of a lower
court that refused to admit one Clyde Summers,
a conscientious objector whose physical defects
exempted him from military service anyway, to
practice law in the state of Illinois.. Apparently
Mr. Summers is unfit to practice law because he
doesn't believe in killing, a task he is unfit for
in the first place.
The question of pacifism and the rights of
conscientious objectors is not at issue here.
But the Court is getting a little confused in
its reasoning when it considers conscientious
objectors practicing law harmful, and Bundists,
avowed enemies of the United States, safe
people to have around because they always
'favored some kind of selective service.'
The present Court has been noted for investi-
gating motives and incentives to action plus the
positive effects of an action itself. In these cases
whatever determined the closely contested deci-
sions of the Court it certainly was none of these
three things. .-Eunice Mintz
Navy Progress
THE NAVY has put into effect its,' policy of
non-discrimination among personnel. Negro
naval recruits no longer are segregated from
whites in the naval special training program, and

e52 Copyright, 1945, the I'ewpep..r FM, i"..

By Crockett Johnson

arnby! Jane!
Where are you?

3OH N SOtyj

... /fold
you you'd
getf lost
off alone!

Barnaby! Your father's gone!
Gosh. And Pop
said people got
lost wandering
off alone, Jane.


Maybe your father's

So maybe something did



I wasn't really worried until I found the little girl's book--

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