THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1945
EDUCATION FOR DEMOCRACY:
Cu rric u la A djusted to Times
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
. . . . Associate Editor
* . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
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for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: MYRA SACKS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE BULGARIAN situation, aggravated by
American and British notes denouncing the
present government as being undemocratic,
looms as a threat to Big Three unity. The West-
ern powers by aligning themselves-against Rus-
sia in the Balkans, admittedly a Russian sphere
of influence, place themselves in a rather un-
comfortable position. Popular sentiment, al-
ready pro-Russian in southeastern Europe, will
swing even more violently away from Britain
and America because of this latest manifestation
of Western 'interference'.
Russia might well call attention to such un-
democratic regimes as Argentina in our hemi-
sphere and demand the right to exert influ-
ence toward popularizing such governments.
Certainly, we would not tolerate such atign,,
Yet we look askance at Balkan governments,
decry Balkan elections as being conducted by
undemocratic processes and thereby imply that
Russia is incapable of maintaining political
order in areas vital to her.
It - is not that we object to Balkan govern-
ments favorable to Russia evidently. We recog-
nize that friendly relations between Russia and
her neighbors are as vital to her as are amicable
relations between ourselves and Mexico or Can-
What then compels our State Department to
thrust itself into Balkan politics alongside a
British Foreign Office that is seemingly main-
taining the Balkan policies of the recently de-
posed conservative Government? If it is Amer-
ican idealism, let us turn that idealism toward
an extension of democracy here in Amerig.. If
it is fear by American and British capitalism
of social revolution in undirected Baka elec-
tions, then it comes time for an admission of
To date, the United States has remained
the great enigma in her post-war European
enterprises. Europe's nations have been con-
founded by an apparent lack of American pol-
icy. The Balkans have not been immune to
this feeling of puzzlement. Little wonder,
then, that the vehement denunciation by our
State Department does little to enhance our
position on the continent. By setting itself
up as an arbitrator of elections and judge of
what constitutes democratic processes in Bal-
kan politics, it would seem that our govern-
ment is over-reaching itself and, much worse,
incurring the hostility of the Russians.
OUR FOREIGN ENEMIES ARE BEATEN.
Peace has come. After many years of bloody
war the armies of the foe have capitulated, but
what of their ideologies? Before Munich, while
appeasement was the mode, the creeds of hate
fostered by the Nazis were being propagated in
this country. The race riots here and in Canada
were a sign of their success. Today there is
peace abroad, but what of home?
Until now the workers have been working,
there have been enough jobs for all, but with
the- cut backs in Army-Navy orders and time out
for reconversion more and more workers are
being laid off. While there was enough for every-
one there was not much need for barriers against
'inferior' peoples. Now, however, there is al-
ready widespread unemployment, and it is esti-
mated that reconversion will take three months
-and then there might not be enough jobs for
all who want to work.
Phillin Murrav. nresident of the CIO. urging
By PATRICIA CAMERON
COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES throughout
the country are making "drastic changes"
in their curricula in attempts to further democ-
ratize and modernize education and to resolve
the old conflict between vocational training and
Yale University has taken up the problem di-
rectly and is revising its curriculum on an ex-
perimental basis after a five-year study by nine
members of the faculty.
The value of the traditional type of educa-
tion is being tried by a program in which stu-
dents will take identical courses the first two
years and will follow a prescribed set of sub-
jects within one of five fields in which they
choose to major. In their first year, they will
study the laws and principles which operate
in the natural world. Social and moral laws
interacting between the individual and society
will be the subject of second-year study. In
the last two years the prescribed course in
each of the five major fields are designed to
unify the previous learning and to draw to-
gether groups of courses.
Progressive education, on the other hand, will
be tested by a plan known as the "scholars-of-
the-house" program. Selected students with a
grade average of 80 or more for their first two
years may take any combination of courses that
they desire. Normal restrictions will be removed
and the scholars are expected to work at a pro-
ject which they have planned and write a "ma-
ture" essay in the field of their studies.
An innovation for all American colleges is
the plan of summer reading. Each student
will be required to read eight classics during
summer vacation for the first two years, and
in the third summer he may do field work.
At the end of each summer the student must
pass an examination on his reading.'
In addition to the two experimental plans and
the summer reading, the basic program at Yale
has been revised and will apply to 85 per cent
of the students. A standard schedule has been
set up and the elective system seriously curtailed.
In the freshman year the bulk of the students
will take modern language, English, systematic
thinking (mathematics), science, summer read-
ing and one elective.
The second year will include literature and
the arts, studies of society, ancient world, science,
summer reading and one elective. The junior
year wil feature a course in the "interdepen-
dence of knowledge" and in the senior year a
course on independent work in the major.
The Yale report states, "We have tried to
provide curricula which will be as adequate
for our times as the famous curricula of
Greece, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance
were for their times."
"We have tried to strike order into the chaos
of the free elective system which still finds the
most notable support at the place of its origin,"
the report continues.
A similar aim of formulating an education
suitable to the times has moved the Harvard staff
to revise its program, whereas directed special-
BY WILLIAM S. GOLDSTEIN
THE GREAT EXODUS is on. The eight week
session is over! "Session" is hardly the
right word, and we don't think that it ade-
quately describes the ordeal. It was apparently
the happy choice of a University publicity agent
who also coined such descriptive phrases as:
airy, homey dorms; spacious class rooms; and
excellent recreational facilities. Many attempts
have been made to find an English translation
for these idioms, but the originator died some
years ago and took the secret with him to his
We've been wondering if those students who
are leaving town realize how complicated the
procedure is. We know for a fact that getting
a train out of Ann Arbor for anywhere is a
monumental effort. Several trains don't even
bother to stop here. We know-of one in par-
ticular that only stopped once in Ann Arbor,
and that was when Jesse James poked a gun
in the engineer's ribs.
THERE IS ALWAYS the chance that the cho-
sen train is one of the radio type models-
stopping every five minutes for station an-
nouncement. For ourselves - we thought we'd
take a late train to Chicago, (the 3:36 runs as
late as any) but our ticket was wrong. It said:
"Chicago to Ann Arbor," and we didn't want
to have to ride backwards all the way, so we'll
have to stay in town.
ization has been the aim of the new program
to begin in September at Illinois College and at
The elective system at each of these colleges
has been limited and certain basic courses pre-
Although the revisions have been welcomed
in most cases as progressive steps, F. O. Math-
iessen, in the current New Republic, has ques-
tioned the limited idealistic extent of the new
The Harvard report is aimed at remedying
the lack "of a common body of information
and ideas which would be in some measure
the possession of all students," but the effect
of its aim is negative, Mathiessen says. He, also
ridicules its aspiration to join the American
scene, claiming that its method is impractical.
Whether impractical or not, too extensive or
too limited, steps toward reform have been tak-
en and the twelve members of the Harvard
staff seem pleased with their action. Yale is
frankly and openly searching for the best so-
lution and will perhaps have evidence of the
worth of progressive or traditional education
within a few years.
In all events, the elective system will be a
thing of the past within a few years for East-
ern colleges, and perhaps Michigan students
will have to overcome their objections to
what some already term regimentation and
accept a thorough program of "requirements"
which, however, are intended - by the ex-
perts who made them - to give a well-rounded
education for the world in which we live.
On GOP Platform
HERBERT BROWNELL, Republican national
committee chairman, thinks that the G. O.
P. "undoubtedly" will gain control of Congress
next year. He says the administration has
This is reminiscent of Neville Chamberlain's
joyous chirp in April, 1940, that Hitler had
"missed the bus." A little later the bus ran over
him. The human side of reconversion has cer-
The statements herein referred to appeared
yesterday in Brownell's guest column for
Drew Pearson, now on vacation.
tainly been "fumbled," but the responsibility is
not primarily the administration's. It rests
partly with the Southern Democratic conserva-
tives in Congress and much more with Repub-
When the George reconversion bill was pend-
ing last year, Senators Murray and Kilgore,
both Democrats, introduced a substitute pro-
viding more adequately for the war workers
who eventually would be "cut back" from their
jobs. In the only Senate test vote, Democrats
voted 23 to 22 against one vital section of the
Murray-Kilgore bill, but Republicans voted
against it 26 to 3.
When the George bill reached the House, Re-
publican bourbons went on a rampage. The Sen-
ate measure, in'adequate though it was, provided
certain compensation for dismissed federal em-
ployes. House Democrats voted 95 to 69 to re-
tain this provision; Republicans voted 143 to 19
to remove it.
Democrats voted 100 to 67 to retain a section
providing travel pay for war workers who hd
left their normal homes for distant industrial
centers. Republicans voted 107 to 54 to knock
out the travel allowance.
P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT backed the Murray-
Kilgore bill last year. When he signed the
emasculated George measure, he warned that
it did not provide sufficient.unemplyment com-
pensation. President Truman supported the
Murray-Kilgore bill as a senator and has now
termed enactment of its principles "must" leg-
islation. That is the administration's record.
Republican congressmen, on the other hand,
have obstructed every measure to meet either
emergency or long-range postwar human needs.
They have been against the Murray-Dingell bill
to broaden social security coverage and add
health insurance; against the Murray-Pattman
full employment bill; against an aggressive pub-
lic housing program; against the creation of
new valley authorities modeled after the TVA.
The Republican postwar "program" recently
outlined by Senator Taft, and released under
the imprimatur of Mr. Brownell's national
committee, consists of little more than a sickly
tribute to "free enterprise." The G. O. P. has
not learned much if it thinks that, while con-
tinuing its banal record, it can fool the voters
into blaming the "New Deal Administration"
in the elections next year.
-The Chicago Sun, Aug. 23, 1945
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1945
VOC. LV, No. 36S
Detroit Civil Service announcement
for Farm Supervisor (Dairy & Live-
stock), $2,348 to $2,553, has been re-
ceived in our office. For further in-
formation regarding examination,
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
Examination Schedule. For the
schools and colleges on the eight-
Hour of Time of
All other hours
Thursday 2- 4
Friday 2- 4
Thursday 4- 6
Friday 4- 6
Any deviation from the above sche-
dule may be made only by mutual
agreement between student and in-
structor, and with the approval of
the Examination Schedule Commit-
After the Summer Session, the Gen-
eral Library will be open daily the
usual hours. 7 a. m. to 9 p im., CWT,
except that it will close at 5 p. m.
CWT, on Saturdays, beginning Aug-
ust 25. There will be no service on
Sundays until November.
Most of the divisional libraries will
be closed or will operate on a short-
ened schedule. Hours will be posted
on the doors.
Jordan Hall will hold an Open
House from 6:00 to 10:00 p. m. on
Friday night, August 24. Entertain-
ment will be highlighted by a cam-
pus favorite. Everybody is cordially
Student Football Tickets to the
Great Lakes, Indiana and Northwest-
ern Football Games: Civilian students
enrolled in the 1945 Summer Term
who are entitled to student admis-
sion to the first three University of
THE Ann Arbor branch of the
American Society for Russian
Relief, Inc., formerly Russian War
Relief, is sponsoring a drive for Eng-
There is an indescribable need for
books in Russia. Before the war
there were 250,000 State libraries in
the U. S. S. R. According' to far:
from complete data, more than 23.4
million books were destroyed by the
Not only is the need great, but
people want to learn the English lan-
guage (introduced as the first lan-
guage in almost all the schools) and
about the people in whom they have
always been vitally interested.
Perhaps one of the most effective
and certainly one of the most concrete
means of achieving international
understanding is to become familiar
with the literature of our fellow Unit-
ed Nations. We have long enjoyed the
great classics of the Russians and
should aid them in replenishing their
Classics, scientific works, novels,
poetry and plays are wanted. Al-
though the drive will not start until
September, those students and resi-
dents who will not be in Ann Arbor
at that time are urged to contribute
to this book drive now. If you have
any books in a readable condition
that you wish to give for the drive,
call Mrs. Pargment, 7953, for infor-
mation and instructions about where
they may be colected.
Michigan home football games, should
exchange their Physical Education1
coupon (ticket No. 6) for their foot-
ball tickets at the Athletic Officee
Ferry Field, between 8:00 a. m. and
5:00 p. m. on the following days:
Senior and graduate students-
Monday, August 27th.
Junior Students-Tuesday, August
Freshman Students - Thursday,
Class preference will be obtainable
only on the date indicated. Students;
desiring their tickets in one block'
should present their Physical Educa-
tion coupons together. One student'
may present all of the coupons for;
such a block of student tickets. Where
students of different classes desire
adjacent seats, the preference of the
lowest class will prevail.
Polonia Club: The University of1
Michigan Polonia Club will hold its
next meeting Tuesday, September 4
rather than August 28 as scheduled.;
The meeting will take place in the
International Center at 6:30 p. m.
Students who entered the summer
Hopwood contests should call for
their manuscripts at the Hopwood
Room this afternoon between 1:00'
and 4:30 CWT.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday, Aug-
ust 25. A course may be dropped only
with the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instructor.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign; Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music, and Public Health: Summer
Session Students wishing a trans-
cript of this summer's work only
should file a request in Room 4, U.H.,,
several days before leaving Ann Ar-
bor. Failure to file this request be-
fore the end of the session will re-
sult in a needless delay of several
Physical Education-Women Stu-
dents: Registration for the second
eight weeks of activities will be held
on Thursday and Friday, August 23
and 24, 8:30 to 12:00 and 1:30 tou4:30
in Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Saturday,
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man and sophomores and white cards
for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midse-
mester is D or E, not merely those
who receive D or E in so-called mid-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which
they are registered.
'Additional cards may be had at 108
Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, August 25.
Petitions for extension of time must
be on file in the Secretary's Office
on or before August 25.
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the fac-
ulty on Friday, August 24, at 4:15
p. m., in Room 348, West Engineer-
Doctoral Examination for Althea
Catherine Cater, English Language
and Literature;thesis: "Social Atti-
tudes in Five Contemporary South-
ern Novelists: Erskine Caldwell, Wil-
liam Faulkner, Ellen Glasgow, Caro-
line Gordon, and T. S. Stribling,"
Monday, August 27, East Council
Room, Rackham, at 3:00 p. m. EWT.
Chairman, J. L. Davis.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Symposium on Molecular Structure.
Dr. Chas. O. Ahonen will speak on
"Vibration Spectra of Isomeric Oc-
tanes" in Room 303 of the Chemistry
Building on Monday, August 27, 3:15
(CWT) ; 4:15 (EWT). All interested
are invited to attend.
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season
TRA, Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor.
Monday, Dec. 10.
JASCHA HEIFETZ, Violinist. Fri-
day, Jan. 18.
CHICAGO SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Desire Defauw, Conductor.
Thursday, Jan. 31.
ARTUR SCHNABEL, Pianist, Wed-
nesday, Feb. 13.
DETROIT SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Karl Krueger, Conductor. Mon-
day, March 11.
Orders for season tickets, accom-
panied by remittance to cover, will
be accepted, and filed in sequences;
and selections made accordingly.
Ticket prices are as follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
Three center sections on main floor
and in first balcony.
$13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
both main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80 (Block C). First sixteen
rows in the top balcony
$8.40 (Block C). Last six rows in
the top balcony.
Remittances should be made pay-
able to University Musical Society,
and mailed to Charles A. Sink, Presi-
dent, Burton Memorial Tower, Ann
The Congregational Disciples Guild
will leave the Guild House, 438 May-
nard, at 1:00 p. m. (EWT) Saturday
to go out to the Saline Valley Farms.
Transportation is provided but reser-
vations must be made. The group
will return at 7:00 p. m. for the Dis-
cussion of the Catholic Mass by Fath-
er McPhillips at the Student Chapel.
Memorial Christian Church (Disci-
ples); Sunday. Morning worship
10:45 a. m. (EWT). Mr. Earl Harris,
a student at Princeton Theological
Seminary will deliver the morning
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Guild House, 438
Maynard, at 4:30 p. m. Sunday
(EWT) and go from there to River-
side Park for recreation, a picnic
supper, program, and closing Worship
Service to be led by Bruce Edwards.
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron.
Rev. C. H. Loucks, Minister and Stu-
dent Counselor Roger Williams Guild
House 502 E. Huron.
Saturday, Aug. 25: 8:30, open
house, croquet, badminton, and par-
Sunday, Aug. 26: 10:00, Study Class
in the Guild House; 11:00, Morning
Worship, Rev. J. M. Wells speaking;
5:00, Ro1 Williams Guild, speaker,
Ruth M caster; 6:00, Buffet Supper.
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
Washtenaw Avenue. W. P. Lemon,
D. D., James Van Pernis, Ministers.
Frieda Op't Holt Vogan, Director of
Music and Organist.
10:45 a. m. Church School Summer
Session for Nursery-Beginner and
10:45 a. m. Morning Worship. Ser-
mon "Considering Christ" by Dr. Jes-
se Halsey of McCormick Theological
5:00 p. m. "An Introduction to
Isaiah" subject of discussion led by
the Reverend James Van Pernis for
Summer Session students and their
Methodist Church. The regular
church service will be held at 10:40
a. m. and the speaker will be Rev.
Robert H. Jongeward. His topic for
the sermon will be, "I Love Thy
Church Oh God."
Methodist Guild will meet at 4:30
at the Guild Lounge and go from
there to the Earhart Estate for rec-
reation, picnic and a meeting of devo-
tion and discussion. All students and
friends are invited to attend.
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
109 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p. m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a. m. Subject
"Mind." Sunday school at 11:45 a. m.
A special reading room is maintained
by this church at 706 Wolverine
Bldg., Washingtonaat Fourth, where
the Bible, also the Christian Science
Textbook, "Science and Health with
Key to the Scriptures" and other
writings by Mary Baker Eddy may be
read, borrowed or purchased. Open
daily except Sundays and holidays
from 11:30 a. m. to 5 p. m.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet Sunday afternoon at 3:00
at the Zion Lutheran Parish Hall.
From there the group will leave for
Camp Birkett for an afternoon of
swimming and games. A picnic sup-
per and short devotional will con-
clude the meeting.
Zion Lutheran Church will have
its regular Sunday morning worship
service at 10:30. Robert A. Eibling,
vicar,'will preach the sermon.
Trinity.Lutheran Church, regular
Sunday morning worship service at
10:30 with. Rev. Henry O. Yoder
preaching the sermon.
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
frmOnihtct Prv 1d4_ eid
Your cousin Minerva is going to stay here?
And write her daily column in our house?
--- She has to stay somewhere
near the Evening Satellite
. office. And until she finds
a house or an apartment-
Won't it upset the whole household?
An hour's typing? On
her little portable? 1
can't imagine how it
will upset us, John-
By Crockett Johnson
We won't kraw the old place, Barnaby, when
your Aunt Minerva sets up the equipment a
columnist needs. Teletypes clicking in every
room. Direct phones to all world capitals.
A short-wave receiving station on the roof.
Secret passages for unnamed informants-
Thank you, Ellen.
I'm all set. And I
Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy
Godfather, will arrive
t can manage,
Barnaby. If Bu
A Mr. O'Malley is
,; + - i' -
I understand, Barnaby. She can't work
if anyone watches over her shoulder.. .