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August 19, 1945 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-19

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Fifty-Fifth Year

Truman,tStalinAgree onFarEast



Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the weAd except Monday and
Editorial Staff

Ray Dixon
Margaret Farme
Betty Roth
Bill Mullendore
Dick Strickland

. , , . Managing Editor
r . . , Associate Editor
. , , . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
Business Sta
. . . Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $450, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADiSoN AVE. 0 NEW YORK, N. Y.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NOT THE LEAST of the problems brought on
by the end of the war-or of two wars-is
that of re-education of a defeated nation. Ex-
perts have agreed that education is the key-
note to those ways of thinking and living, those
customs and habits that we call Nazism and
Obviously, education then is to be one of
the strongest "weapons" of peace, and we
must use it democratically, not by imposing
a system of learning on the Japanese or
Germans but by guiding the nations into dem-
oeratic thinking and into a system of educa-
tion for freedom and peace.
In the summer number of the Michigan Alum-
nus Quarterly Review, Frank T. Huntley, Civil
Affairs Training Lecturer at the University, dis-
cusses this problem as applied to the Japanese
who have adopted a view of education that is
at the opposite extreme of the American view.
Their system of education is based on two
seeming virtues, loyalty and filial piety. They
appear harmless, but as Huntley points out,
loyalty is demanded by the superior and not
earned by him. The result is a warped worship
of the Emperor, the parent, any superior.
,People have proposed adopting this basis
for Japanese reeducation, but Huntley ob-
jects, quoting Gen. Sadao Araki, one of a series
of military men appointed as ministers to
education.' Araki wrote in 1938, "The purpose
of a Japanese educational system is to train
useful subjects of the Emperor, not so much
to search for truth. As a consequence, grad-
uates of Japanese schools are Japanese first
and then scientists or scholars thereafter."
In fact, one of the aims of Japanese education
is to correct "dangerous" heresies from the West.
Betterment of the minds of the students is an
There have been in Japan elements which
have objected to this form of education, and
Huntley quotes an early leader, Yukichi Fuku-
zawa, who said, "I find two points lacking-that
is to say, the lack of studies in 'number and
reason' in material culture, and the lack of the
idea of independence in the spiritual culture.
. . . I believe no one can escape the 'laws of
number and reason,' nor can anyone depend
on anything but the doctrine of independence
as long as nations are to exist and mankind to
This Japanese educator saw the dangers in a
system of education based on loyalty which
"condones any sin, even murder-so long as
social code and centralized government impose
the mold upon the individual," Huntley writes.
Our age has seen the fruition of those dangers-
a war which has threatened the survival of man-
kind, as Fukazawa foresaw.
The task of formulating an education based
on the doctrine of independence and redirecting
loyalty indoctrinated in a whole people will
be great, but inescapable.
"It would be a short-sighted policy of mili-
tary government which attempted to reopen
the closed schools of a defeated Japan on the
educational philosophy of the Rescript of

1890," Huntley writes. Let no one think we
wish to Americanize Japan or force democracy
upon her people. But can we not insist,
for the sake of our future, that after we de-
feat Japan we allow her an education which
will educate for freedom?"
-Patricia Cameron

WASHINGTON-President, Truman has had
off-the-record talks with several Congres-
sional friends about Russia's role in the Far East
after the war. In these talks Truman has said
definitely that he and Stalin were in complete
All Stalin wants in the Far East, Truman has
said, is Port Arthur, the famous warm-water
harbor at the tip end .of the Liaotung penin-
sula, together with the Chinese eastern rail-
road and the South Manchurian railroad lead-
ing to it.
Port Arthur is the harbor which the Czar
seized prior to the Russo-Japanese war. It was
to take this harbor and the Manchurian railroad
leading to it away from the Russians that the
Russo-Japanese was was fought in 1904. Now
Stalin wants the port and rail line back again.
Truman has told friends that he sees no objec-
tion to this and that it should settle the whole
situation in the Far East if Port Arthur is in
Russian hands.
Truman has also said that Stalin does not
want Korea, which is to be independent, or
any part of China.
Now It canleTold
HERE ARE some of the things that were
hushed up while the war was on, but can
be written now:
There have been three mutinies in the U. S.
Army since V-E Day. One took place at Cologne,
one at Calais and one in England. The Army
so far has refused to give details, though some
casualties resulted.
During the San Francisco United Nations
Conference, the U. S. Navy was so afraid the
Japs would launch a. suicide attack off San
Francisco, that a special American task force
was kept hovering off San Francisco.
It was feared the Japs would try to hurt the
prestige of the United Nations and of the United
States by a surprise attack, even if their planes
were not able to get back to Jap carriers. Ad-
aiittedly, such an attacksmight have caused
about as much damage as the San Francisco
earthquake. So the Navy, taking no chances,
stationed a special task force several miles out
at sea to prowl for any possible Jap invader.
General MacArthur has staunchly and con-
sistently maintained that the North African
campaign never should have taken place. He
described it as "absolutely useless" and said
that every possible mistake intelligent men
could make had been made in this war.
SM ullig BigScoop
EDITORS of the ultra-conservative New York
Herald Tribune could have had one of the
big scoops of the year, but let it slip through their
Four days before the August 6 announcement
of the atomic bomb, Leo Cullinane, who covers
the War and Navy departments for the Herald
Tribune had a hunch that it was time to sound
cut high military officials on whether the Japs
might surrender before an invasion was neces-
To his amazement, the brass hats predicted
there would be no invasion, stating that new
and more powerful weapons would soon be
unleashed against groggy Japan. These, plus
the B-29 raids, nlus the hammering blows of
the Navy's 3rd Fleet, would cause Japan to
sue for peace. One admiral even said proph-
etically: "The war is over."
New York Herald Tribune editors were told
in confidence the names of the admirals and
generals who made this prediction, but even
so, they simply would not believe the war was
anywhere near ended and Cullinane's big story
went in the wastebasket. The embarrassed edit-
ors didn't even have a chance to forget it before
the events which they could have been first to
predict, began to take place. Now, they'll never
forget it.
Marshall Flays Congress
CHIEF OF STAFF, Gen. George C. Marshall
has always prided himself on being able to
get along wit Congress. But just before the
end of the war, his stock slipped noticeably.
One contributor to that slip was a secret meet-

ing he had with friendly "moulders-of-public
opinion' 'at which he lashed out at Congress for
wanting to reduce the size of the Army. The
meeting was held just one day after the first
atomic bomb was dropped on- Japan and one
day before Russia declared war.
General Mashall knew in advance that the
Russians were going to declare war, and he
also knew the general potentialities of the atomic
bomb. Nevertheless, he staged a secret "prop-
aganda" conference to put across to the public
the idea that the Army could hardly spare a
single man and that Congress was doing the
country a grave injustice by even talking about
more discharges.
Marshall said that the point score for releas-
ing men would remain "as is," and gave as one
reason the fact that General MacArthur was
unalterably opposed to lowering it. MacArthur
has expressed himself very forcibly on this point,
Marshall said.
The Chief of Staff took a particular slap at
Secretary of the Interior Ickes for wanting
the Army to discharge coal miners. (Ickes has
especjally urged that miners with 86 points,
the number necessary for discharge, be dis-
charged immediately.) Marshall said he was

going to discharge men for the railroads, since
the Army was vitally dependent on rail trans-
portation, but maintained it would "crack
morale wide open" if men were let out for
mining or agriculture, t
Marshall also read some figures for the deploy-
ment of troops, which included the total of
550,000 for occupational forces chiefly in Ger-
many; 1,181,000 men in schools and training
centers in the U.S.A.; 1,157,000 to operate the
supply services, ports and hospitals in the United
States, 330,000 actually in American hospitals,
and nearly 4,000,000 men in the Pacific.
Then he said very sternly: "If I know war, the
figures are right."
Naturally news of this blast at Congress
immediately leaked to Capitol Hill where it
caused plenty of comment. Chief comment
was that this conference was just as far off
base as the press conference Marshall held
when Germany attacked Russia. At that
time, General Marshall gave Hitler just three
weeks to take Moscow. And exactly one week
after Marshall said the army could not be
reduced, Japan surrendered.
tCopyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
f -r
Jionilnie Says
WE MAY BE witnessing in China that conflict
between religion and revolt which Jacques
Martain describes in Christianity and Recon-
struction. He says "We saw for a century the
motivating forces in the modern democracies
repudiating Christianity in the name of human
liberty, while motivating forces in the Chris-
tian strata were combating the democratic as-
piration in the name of religion." He refers to
the Soviet Revolution as an illustration. He
points out that the spirit of revolt, though
aiming at human freedom of a social type,
usually has to endure the ill will of that Chris-
tian community which is aiming at human re-
lease of a personal type. In China the Com-
munists, so called, are in revolt against Confu-
cianism, against landed aristocracies, against
pyramided wealth, against absentee dominance,
against diplomatic alliance with the foreigner
and against an antiquated agriculture.
These goals are shared by Generalissimo
Chiang Kai Shek and the Nationalist Govern-
ment. They are identical with the goals of
Sun Yat Sen. But Chiang, a soldier rather
than a political leader, insists that one inter-
pretation of Sun Yat Sen, one theory of life,
one party, one government alone must be
recognized as the means. The surrendering
Japanese on the China soil have been invited
by Chiang to resist the Cooperative Under-
ground followers of Sun Yat Sen. The Japanese
invaders in so refusing to surrender to Com-
munist Chinese have put Generalissimo Chiang
in the position of appearing to fight Chinese
soldiers with the aid of Japanese forces. This
is the principle observed by Jacques Maritain,
reduced to absurdity.
The key to understanding the situation would
seem to lie in the difference between being good
personally and being efficient socially. Theo-
retically, these two are one and the same thing.
But in the modern state, in England, in France,
in Spain, in America, and now in Russia and
China, they appear different. To be good per-
sonally demands that acceptance of the estab-
lished social and economic systems including
fallacious presuppositions and casual errors which
those who understand the ways of social effiency
must repudiate. Now, to be efficient socially,
the Chinese must revise the agriculture, the
family customs, the methods of banking and
exchange, the industrial order, the methods of
transportation, the land distribution, the meth-
ods of selecting government officials, and the
relation to foreign countries. How can the
Allies remain out of China and yet help the Chi-
nese toward a solution?
Within the western Democracies we have the
same contradictions. He is personally good in
the eyes of our culture who refrains from changes
in the social order and is personally bad who
insists upon reforms looking toward welfare of
the common man under his own steam and by
his own will. On the other hand, in our dem-
ocracies, every labor union, labor party, new

deal government, or political group definitely
demanding an alteration of the evils which keep
the civilization unstable, make the day laborer
insecure, render the purchasing power uncer4
tain, and cause inflation or deflation today and
war tomorrow is attacked by the Christian
world as impious, irreverent, and dangerous.
He is accused by the in group, the majority and
the religious of being deluded by satanic forces.
Hence, says this rare Catholic philosopher:
"The meaning of the present war, therefore,
is not only to put an end to fascism, racism,
and militarism but is decidedly to undertake
the slow and difficult construction of a world
where fear and wretchedness will no longer
press down upon individuals and. nations;-
where blindly demanding Nationalism will.
give way to an organized international com-
munity; where the oppression and the ex-
ploitation of man will be abolished and where
everyone will be able to share in the common
heritage of civilization and to live a truly
human life."
-Edward W. Blakeman
Councilor in Religious Education

nia Club will hold its next meeting on
Tuesday, August 21st at the Interna-
tional Center, at 7 :30 EWT. Plans
for a picnic will be discussed at that
The Michigan Christian Fellow-
ship. "Missionary Opportunities in
the Post-War Era." Lane Hall, Fire-
side Room. Sunday, August 19, 1945,
4:30 p. m. EWT. Hynm sing at 4:00
p. m. the same day.
Aunt Ruth Buchanan still wants
Daily's for the men in service even
though the war is over. Please send
them to Aunt Ruth, Museum Build-
ing, Campus.
United States Civil Service an-
nouncements for Accounting and
Auditing Assistant, $2,100 and $2,320,
Recreational Aide, $2,320 and $2,6540,
Physical Director, $2,980, Teacher
(Academic Subjects), $2,320, and
Commercial Aide, $2,320, have been
received in our office. For further
information, call at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Student Football Tickets to the
Great Lakes, Indiana and Northwest-
ern Football Ganes: Civilian students
enrolled in the 1945 Sumer Term
who are entitled to student admis-
By Irv Stahl
r HE Blue Note label features some
gall of the Blues." The first side
His Chicagoans' waxing of "Shoe
Shiner's Rag" and "Doctor Jazz."
The former side is strictly dixieland
(but good), with spirited ensemble
work and a "cut (outplay) the next
guy" drive which pushes the musi-
cians to their utmost, especially
Max Kaminsky on trumpet. "Doctor
Jazz" is taken at a faster tempo and
features the heavy though tasty pi-
ano of Hodes, the "blue", lower reg-
ister clarinet work of Rod Cless -
reminiscent of Fazola with the Bob-
cats - and the gutty, pushing trom-
bone of Ray Conniff.
Sidney DeParis and His Blue
Note Jazzmen come up with "Ev-
erybody Loves My Baby" and "The
Coll of the Blues." The first side
is somewhat spoiled by the over-
loud trumpet work of leader De-
Paris who tries too hard and suc-
ceeds in producing only discon-
nected, wild, upper register phras-
es. But on the other side of the
record, "Call of the Blues," De-
Paris leads off with a delicate,
muted trumpet chorus and is fol-
lowed by a succesion of restrained,
moody, feeling solos by the other
jazzmen, all played against a stim-
ulating, improvised background.
The mood is set and kept right
through the exciting, DeParis-led
final chorus.
Edmond Hall's group on Blue Note
contributes "Royal Garden Blues"
and "Night Shift Blues." The for-
mer side contains some of the most
knocked-out improvising in this
Blue Note batch -- a trombone solo
by Vic Dickerson, superbly combining
"guts", ideas, and technique. De-
Paris (also on this record date) again
comes through to lead the ensemble
in the final chorus. After a "blue"
guitar solo opens "Night Shift Blues"
DeParis and Dickerson battle back
and forth through several choruses,
and again DeParis' versatility, wealth
of ideas, and ease of blowing are ex-
hibited. Hall plays some clear, clean
relaxed lower register clarinet work
which readily proves why he is con-
sidered one of the finest clarinetists
in the business.
If any jazz enthusiasts have not
yet investigated the "Bix" myth,
they will do well to hear his "I'm
Comin' Virginia" in Columbia's
"Hot Trumpets" album. Recorded
in 1927, the disc displays Beider-
becke's intense improvisation and

fluid playing, and shows why crit-
ics insist that this jazz immortal
was playing music almost 20 years
ahead of his time. No less inter-
esting in this album is "Red" Al-
len's recording of "Body and Soul",
an enthusiastic exhibition of
double-timed, driving, unrestrained

desiring their tickets in one block,
should present their Physical Educa-
tion coupons together. One student
may present all of the coupons for
such a block of student tickets. Where
students of different classes desire1
adjacent seats, the preference of the
lowest class will prevail.
The Date of the lecture to be given
by Professor Julio Payro as an-
nounced by the Spanish Club has
been changed to Tuesday, August 21,
at 8 p. m. EWT, instead of August
15. His talk is on Argentinian Art.
Academic Notices
Attention August and October
Graduates: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, School of Educa-
tion, School of Music, School of Pub-
lic Health: Students are advised not
to request grades of I or X in Aug-
ust, or October. When such grades
are absolutely imperative, the work
must be made up in time to allow
your instructor to report the make-
up grade not later than noon, Aug-
ust 31, for the Summer Session, and
noon, October 26, for the Summer
Term. Grades received after that
time may defer the student's gradua-
tion until a later date.
Recommendations for Department-
al Honors: Teaching departments
wishing to recommend tentative Aug-'
ust graduates from the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and
the School of Education for de-
partmental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's office, Room
4, University Hall, by noon August
31. Recommendations for tentative
October candidates should be in the;
Registrar's Office by noon October
Notice to Students in the Summer
Session Regarding Library Books:
1. Students enrolled in the eight
weeks' Summer Session who have in
their possession books drawn from
the General Library and its branches
are notified that such books are due'
Tuesday, August 21.
2. The names of all such students'
who have not cleared their records
at the Library by Friday, August 24,.
will be sent to the Recorder's Office.'
The credits of these students will be
held up until their records are clear-
ed, in compliance with regulations
established by the Regents.
Linguistic Institute. The question-
and-answer program will be held Tu-
esday, August 21, at 7 p. m. EWT
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Questions will be answered by
a panel of members of the In-
stitute faculty. Members of the In-
stitute are requested to leave ques-
tions on linguistic topics in Profes-
sor Fries's box in the English depart-
ment office, 3221 Angell Hall, any,
time before noon Tuesday.
Geometry Seminar: Tuesday, 3:00
CWT (4:00 EWT) 3201 Angell Hall.
K. Leisenring will discuss "Transfor-
mations in Inversive Geometry."
Students in Speech: The final as-
sembly of the Department of Speech,
originally scheduled for Wednesday,
August 15, will be held at 4 p. m.
Monday in the Rackham Amphithea-
tre. The program will include a dem-
onstration debate and a citation of
candidates who are to receive degrees
at the end of the summer session or
Symposium on Molecular Structure.
Dr. Peter Smith will speak on "Car-
bon Attached Groups of Ionic Char-
acter" in Room 303 Chemistry Build-
ing on Monday, August 20 at 3:15
p. m. (CWT), 4:15 p. m. (EWT). All
interested are invited to attend.
Physical Education-Women Stu-
dents: Registration for the second
eight weeks of activities will be held
on Thursday and Friday, August 23
and 24, 8:30 to 12:00 and 1:30 to 4:30

in Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Saturday,
August 25.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man and sophomores and white cards
for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen. whose standing at midse-


Publication in the Daily Official mul- sion to the first three University of
itin is constructive notice to all mem- Michigan home football games, should
ers of the University. Notices for theexhnetirPycaEdaio
Bulletin should be sent in typewritte exchange their Physical Education
orra to the summer Session office, coupon (ticket No. 7) for their foot-
'ngell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day ball tickets at the Athletic Office
preceding publication (10:30 a. In. Sat- Ferry Field, between 8:00 a. m. and
rdaays). 5:00 p. m. on the following days:
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN Senior and graduate students--
THE DAILY OFFICIAL Monday, August 27th.
BULALETFI LJunior Students--Tuesday, August
SUNDAY, AUGUST 19, 1945 Sophomore Students-Wednesday,
VOL. LV, No. 339 August 29th.
- - Freshman Students - Thursday,
Noti sAugust30th.
Not C0 S Class preference will be obtainable
The University of Michigan Polo- only on the date indicated. Students


Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign: Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music, and Public Health: Summer
Session Students wishing a trans-
cript of this summer's work only
should file a request in-Room 4, U.H.,
several days before leaving Ann Ar-
bor. Failure to file this request be-
fore the end of the session will re-
suit in a needless delay of several
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday,
August 25. A course may be dropped
only with the permission of the clas-
sifier after conference with the in-
Engineering Faculty: The sixth lec-
ture of the series on ElectronTubes
will be given on Monday, August 20,
at 3:15 CWT (4:15 EWT) in Room
246, West Engineerinig Building. The
topic will be: The Phototube.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, August 25.
Petitions for extension of time must
be on file in the Secretary's Office
on or before August 25.
Iules governing participation in
&'ublic {Activities:
Participation in Public Activities:
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
lic performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office in a class or other
student organization. This list is not
intended to be exhaustive, but merely
is indicative of the character and
scope of the activities included.

Certificate of Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any public activity until his
eligibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
as at any other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation 'above),
the chairman or manager of such
activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificate of eli-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and (c) file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility and a signed statement
to exclude all other from participa-
tion. Blanks for the chairman's lists
may be obtained in the Office of the
Dean of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
Mar'ch 1.
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
lic activity.
Eligibility, First Year: No fresh-
man in his first semester of residence
may be granted a Certificate of Eli-
A freshman, during his second sem-
ester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark of less
than C, or (2) at least 2%/2 times as
many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3,
C-2, D-1, E-0).
Any student in his first semester
of residence holding rank above that
of freshman may be granted a Cer-
tificate of Eligibility if he was admit-
ted to the University in good stand-
Eligibility General: In order to
receive a Certificate of Eligibility a
student must have earned at least 11
hours of academic credit in the pre-
ceding semester, or 6 hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of at
least C, and have at least a C average
for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of X
and I are to be interpreted as E until
removed in accordance with Univer-
sity regulations. If in the opinion of
the Committee on Student Affairs
the X or I cannot be removed promp-
tly, the parenthetically reported
grade may be used in place of the X
or I in computing the average.
Students who are -ineligible under
Rule V may participate only after
having received special permission
of the Committee on Student Affairs.
Linguistic Institute Lecture. "From
Morpheme to Utterance." Prof. Zellig
S. Harris, of the University of Penn-
sylvania. Wednesday, August 22,
6:30 p. m. CWT (7:30 p. m. EWT),
Rackham Amphitheatre.
Student Recital: Elaine Ashbey
Rathhn.npianisit will nrensnt a re.

Simply announce me, m'boy, as
"His Excellency, J. J. O'Malley."
No fanfare or organ chords-

The rain's stopped, John.
If you'll move the table '
back out on the terrace-

Coppsqht, 1945, The Ne- PpPM,c
His Excellency,
Mr. O'Malley-

By Crockett Johnson
Charmed. Delighted. No,
no, don't rise. Remain-
Barnaby! Is this a
rok? On vurno onr

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