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August 19, 1945 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-19

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46

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LAB NOTES ON
ATOMIC BOMB
See Page 2

WARMER

VOL. LV, No. 33S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 19, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Out-State Women Must Have
Rooms Before Entry -Briggs
Undergrads Applying After Yesterday
Are Barred by New Admittance Ruling
Out-of-state undergraduate women will be admitted to the University
this fall only if they have already obtained housing accommodations with
friends or relatives or rooms approved by the Dean of Women, Robert P.
Briggs, University vice-president, disclosed last night.
This directive affects only those women who applied for entrance after
yesterday morning, he said.
Faced with a critical coed housing shortage, the University has lost
some facilities to fraternities which have reclaimed their houses after
nthey had been used for women's resi-

Jackson Ends
Conference on
Trial Planning
Nazis Leaders Will
Be Tried In October
By The Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Aug. 18 - Justice
Robert H. Jackson, U. S. represent-
ative of the Allied War CrimesnCom-
mission, ended a two-day conference
with Russian, British and French rep-
resentatives on trial plans today and
there were strong indications that the
mass trial of Nazi leaders would not
begin until well into October.
Although Hermann Goering, Joa-
chim Von Ribbentrop and nearly 20
other criminals are lodged in the
Nuernberg jail, virtually the only
undamaged building in the city, a
great deal of physical work remains
to be done before the trials start.
Work has only just begun on. the
courtroor and offices for the judges
and prosecutors.
Procedure laid down for the trial
provides that at least 30 days before
the start the prosecutor will present
indictments to the court, which in
turn will turn them over to the pris-
oners to enable them to prepare their
defenses.
Infantry Finds
Personal Foe
Of Doughboys
NUERNBERG, Aug. 18-()-The
American doughboys' personal num-
ber one war criminal was found today
by the First Infantry Division, end-
ing an eight-month search.
He is the commanding officer of the
Middle Group of the First SS Adolf
Hitler Panzer Division-which mur-
dered more than 100 American infan-
trymen prisoners near Malmedy dur-
ing the Battle of the Bulge last De-
cember.
T.1he arrogant, six-foot-two Stand-
arenfuehrer (Colonel) Joachim Peip-
er, 30-year-old former adjutant to
Heinrich Himmler, was discovered in
a screening of 10,000 SS troopers in
the First Division's prisoner of war
cage under the command of Maj.
Henry Clisson.
Surplus Tires Will Be
Released by Navy
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18--(P)-The
Navy said today it expected to release
approximately 100,000 tires within
60 to 90 days.
Most of the total are of the "mud
and snow" type, the Navy said.
The Army said meanwhile that it
has no huge stocks of tires and that
few if any will be declared "surplus"
and sold to civilians.
The mud and snow type tires
which the Navy plans to release are
the heavy duty, broad ribbed tires
such as are used on jeeps and other
types of combat vehicles.
Local Job Dearth
Shown by Survey
A survey among local factories and
plants has revealed that cancella-
tion of government war contracts and
present lack of raw materials for
civilian production will cause some
unavoidable unemployment.
Some of this unemployment is vol-
untary, since many who had taken
war work for the duration will return
to their pre-war employment and
others will not seek employment.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Tomorrow Final performance of
"Naughty Marietta" at
8:30 p. m. EWT in the
Lydia Mendeissohn Thea-
tre.
Tomorrow Meeting of all those
interested in cheerlead-
ing at 7:05 p. m. EWT in
the main lounge of the

dences.
"The war emergency is now hit-
ting the University with its full im-
pact," University spokesmen pointed
out. Everything possible is being
done to cope with this emergency
problem."
Facilities for 510 Coeds
Housing facilities for 510 coeds who
have already been admitted to the
University are being sought and a
study is underway to determine the
peak capacity of existing dormitory
facilities.
The University is also attempting
to obtain more league houses.
The problem, University officials
pointed out, is one of adapting a rel-
atively fixed housing capacity to a
somewhat increased coed enrollment.
Solution Promised
"The housing problem will be solv-
ed," University officials declared.
"There is no doubt about it."
An enrollment of more than 4,300
women is anticipated for the fall
semester. This figure represents an
increase of 1,200 over the 1940-41 fall
semester enrollment.
Exiled Reftgees
Will Be Aided
LONDON, Aug. 18--P)--Over-rid-
ing the dissent of Russia, Poland,
Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, the
Council of the United Nations Relief
and Rehabilitation Administration to-
day sanctioned aid for war refugees
who wish to remain in exile.
The 28-to-4 vote in an open plenary
session was taken after opponents
charged the step-would involve UNR-
RA in explosive European politics.
Delegates from Yugoslavia and Pol-
and declared that if UNRRA cares
for persons unwilling to be repatri-
ated, the organization would be vio-
lating a rule against mixing in the
politics of member countries.
wners Urged
To Hold Bonds
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 - (P) -_'
Treasury officials said tonight there
will be no attempt to stop the cash-'
ing in of war bonds but they urged'
holders to retain them because the
"United States has and will meet its
obligations."
Reports have been received here
that after Japan surrendered some
bond holders began converting their
war bonds into cash because of what
the Treasury termed "untrue" ac-
counts that it would or could "freeze"
bond redemptions.
Both Secretary of the Treasury
Vinson and National War Bond Di-
rector Ted R. Gamble renewed their
pleas today to the public not to cash
in war bonds unless extreme urgency
makes it necessary.
"There will be no freeze of re-
funding," said Vinson.

Controls To
Be Relaxed
By Truman
Government Behind
Speedy Reconversion
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18-President
Truman late today threw the whole
weight of government behind Amer-
ica's rushing drive into the peace-
time future.
Mr. Truman issued a directive
which, rounding up and formalizing
all he had said during the week,
told his department and agency heads
they must:
Remove Price, Wage Control
"Move as rapidly as possible with-
out endangering the stability of the
economy toward the removal of price,
wage, production and other controls
and toward the restoration of col-
lective bargaining and the free mar-
ket."
This directive came some hours
after one of the highest officials in
government had said the sudden Jap-
anese surrender found this nation
caught "in the woods."
Whole Government Involved
This, in effect, is what Mr. Truman
said:
1. The whole government must do
all it can to help the change-over to
peace.
2. Prices must be controlled but,
just as in wartime, they can be eased
to adjust cases of hardship or ine-
quities.
Under Snyder's Directorship
3. The entire effort will be under
the control of Reconversion Director
John W. Snyder who earlier in the
week said the problem ahead called
for "no mincing of words." He'll co-
ordinate all the efforts.
4. Bosses can give wage increases
which do not involve price increases
and the War Labor Board will con-
tinue for a time to handle labor dis-
putes which interfere with reconver-
sion just as it handled those blocking
the war.
V ®J Day Will
Not Be Holiday
No Premium Pay
For War Workers
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 - (P) -
President Truman asked today that
V-J Day, when it is proclaimed, be
a day of work and not a holiday.
Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach
said in a statement that this was the
President's desire because of the wide-
spread observance of Aug. 15-16 as
holidays and "in view of the urgency
of reconversion."
At the same time, Schwellenbach
announced that the President has is-
sued an order substituting Aug. 15-16
for V-J Day in the list of days for
which premium pay is required for
war workers.
An earlier order had been inter-
preted by some officials as making
Aug. 15-16 legal holidays and also
making V-J Day a "premium pay"
day. This order, issued last Tuesday
night, was described by the President
later as having been released through
mistake.
Three More Dailies
The Daily will be published
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday
of this week. Publication will then
be discontinued until the begin-
ning of the fall semester, Thurs-
day, Nov. 1.

Jap Broadcast
Omits Mention
Of Peace News
'Full Text' in Japanese
Denies Earlier Words
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 18-The
Dcmei Agency broadcast in English
to America today that Foreign Mini-
ster Mamoru Shigemitsu informed
the Japanese bluntly they were beat-
en and must face the facts. But
Domei later broadcast "the full text"
of his asserted "press conference
statement" to the Orient in Japanese
-and it included no such statement.
Both broadcasts were recorded by
the Federal Communications Com-
mission.
"Unfortunately, we have to face
the fact that we have been defeated,"
he was quoted in the English-lang-
uage broadcast as informig his press
conference. There was no similar
quotation in "the full text" beamed
to the Orient.
Shigemitsu, said another broadcast
quoting the 'newspaper Asahi, has
been named liaison man between the
Imperial Government and General
MacArthur's occupation forces.
The Foreign Minister's warning
that the people must pay the price
for the busting of the imperialistic
dream bubble came after four days
of evasive, face-saving explanations
of the Nipponese surrender.
In plain words Shigemitsu recog-
nized defeat and said:
"This fact should be admitted as
it is, and any over-otiniistic view
should be avoided. Every Japanese
should repeatedly read and realize
the terms of the Potsdam Declara-
tion."
Jap Obstacles
Are Foreseen
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 -(P)-
General Douglas A. MacArthur's oc-
cupation forces will encounter a lot
of obstacles in Japan even if the Jap-
anese submit meekly to American
control.
A military expert, just back from
the Pacific, said that he expected
landings on a "wide front" on Hon-
shu and Kyushu and possibly simul-
taneously in Korea. Here are some
of the difficulties he believes will
slow and hamper the occupation:
1. Mines - ours and the enemy's
-in bay areas. These will have to be
swept up before vessels can go in
and it will take Japanese coopera-
tion to locate and eliminate the
mines they have sown.
2. Damaged docks probably will be
a "serious handicap" to the unload-
ing of supplies.
French Nation
Ratifies Charter
De Gaulle Will Meet
Truman Wednesday
PARIS, Aug. 18-(P)-Gen. Charles
De Gaulle today signed France's rati-
fication of the United Nations' char-
ter as his last major official action
prior to his meeting with President
Truman next Wednesday.
Ratification of the charter was ap-
proved by the French Cabinet early
this week. Foreign Secretary Georges
Bidault also affixed his signature,
making France the second major na-
tion to adhere formally to the world
charter drafted at San Francisco.

Co. A. Private
Awarded A. B.
Pvt. James Shiel, stationed at the
University in Co. A, today will be
awarded a bachelor's degree in Eng-
lish from Providence (R. I.) Col-
lege.
A native of Providence, Pvt. Shiel
has been stationed here for the past
three months. Award of the degree

CHARGE OF OCCUPATION-Maj.
Gen. S. J. Chamberlain of Gen.
MacArthur's G-3 (operations), is
in charge of staff completing plans
for occupation of Japan.
Reds Gain in
Manchuria As
Nips Surrender
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 18-Japanese troops
laid down their arms in growing num-
bers in Manchuria today while Soviet
tpearheads swept within 70 miles of
Hsinking, puppet capital of Tokyo's
stolen empire, and plowed out gains
of 19 to 67 miles toward Harbin.
Moscow's war bulletin, although
ambiguous, indicated that more than
25,000 enemy troops gave up the fight
during the day for a two-day sur-
render total of 45,000.
But thousands of other Japanese
troops had not obeyed the "cease fire"
order. The Russian Army newspaper
Red Star estimated there were more
than 1,000,000 crack Japanese soldiers
in Manchuria, Korea, inner Mongolia
and southern Sakhalin Island.
Session Exam
Schedule Given
Hour of Time of
Recitation Examination
8 Thursday, 8-10 a. m. EWT
9 Friday, 8-10 a. m.
10 Thursday, 2- 4 p. in.
11 Friday, 2- 4 p. m.
1 Thursday, 4- 6 p. m.
2 Thursday, 10-noon
3 Friday, 10-noon
All other hours Friday, 4-6 p. m.
Jcip Prisoners
Await Freedom
MANILA, Aug. 18-0P)-In prison-
er of war and internment camps
scattered from Manchuria to Singa-
pore and the Netherlands Indies as
many as 140,000 Allied nationals may
be awaiting liberation after comple-
tion of Japanese surrender negotia-
tions.
A summary of the prisoner of war
and internee situation released by
the American Red Cross here today
said that of 200,000 Allied nationals
confined, probably 50,000 died in
camps or on torpedoed ships. Most
of these fatalities involved prison-
ers of war. Approximately 10,000,
mostly civilians, have been repatri-
ated or liberated.
More than 33,000 prisoners and in-
ternees are Americans; nearly 100,000
are British, Australians and Cana-
dians, and the remainder Dutch.

Jap Surrender Emissaries Leave
Te Island En Route to Manila After
!45-Minute Stop-Over; B-25scort

Results of Interviews

ith Generals Expected
By The Associated Press
MANILA, Sunday, Aug. 19 - Japan's surrender emissaries left le Island
in the Okinawa group, en route to Manila to meet their conquerors, this
afternoon after a 45-minute stop-over in which they changed from their
two Japanese transports to a giant American C-54.
Their white-painted planes arrived from Tokyo at 1:45 p. M., and the
big .transport took off at 2:30 p. m. (12:30 a. m. today, EWT).
B-25 medium bombers and P-38 v
fighter planes escorted them as they
swooped down on the vast, almost Bulgariat
empty B-2.9 strip at Ie Shima. Only
transport planes, one of which was
to carry them on, were parked there. Free Elections,
General MacArthur's headquarters
indicated the Japanese planes pre-
sumablU S. Warns,
sumably had used the code words
"Bataan one" and "Bataan two" as
they signalled their approach. No Treaty of Peace
Left Sunday MorningWCo iace
The envoys, expected to bring Withoutp
with them information on the re-
sults of the first surrender interviews WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 - The
between Japan's blue-blooded emi- United States today warned the Bul-
ssaries and continental generals; left garian Government-a regime set up
Tokyo's Kisarazu airdrome at '?:18after the Russian Army moved in-
a. m., Sunday, Tokyo time, ending to free its forthcoming elections from
one of the most unusual periods of fear and intimidation so that they
'diplomatic shadow-boxing ever to may be truly democratic.
precede any surrender.
MacArthur already had given am- Otherwise, Secretary of State Byr-
ple evidence in manner and tone nes made clear, this country will not
that he will not allow the visitors consider signing a peace treaty with
to forget the war's atrocities and the the former Axis satelite nation.
fact that the Japanese have been Bulgaria is one of the key nations
defeted. in Russia's Eastern European sphere,
Conference on Manchuria Expected and a collision of policies appeared
It was believed here that delays possible.
in the envoys' trip to Manila had Britain backed up the American
been made to allow time for the em- position. A foreign office coinmen-
peror's representatives to confer with tator in London said the two nations
continental generals of the Japanese were presenting a "common front"
forces on surrender. They therefore in the attitude that the present re-
are expected to carry information on gime does not represent all the dem-
the military attitude in Manchuria ocratic- elements of Bulgaria. He
and China. added, however, that so far as he
MacArthur's headquarters said knew Britain had not given Bulgaria
Colonel Dawson, MacArthur's per- formal notice of its position.
sonal interpreter, would first enter The American views were stated di-
the emissaries' plane when it reach- rectly to the Bulgarian government
es Manila. by the United States representative,
Arrangements Flexible Minister Maynard B. Barnes.
Arrangements have remained flex- -
ible so that the meeting can be held
tonight in event the emissaries ar-
rive early. Headquarters indicated,
however, that the meeting between F u11o r
the Allied Supreme Commander and FULL Programi
the envoys of his defeated enemy
probably would be delayed until Mon- Of Public W orks
day morning.
Credentials of the envoys will be
examined tonight. By The Associated Press
T A'WT T/"; 'T~ffn,.l-. A...'. 142-A .C.1_

Notice of End
Of Lend-Lease
Will Be Made
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18-(P)-Al-
lied nations receiving lend-lease as-
sistance will get notice Monday or
Tuesday that the gigantic aidpro-
gram has been terminated, it was
learned tonight.
The system which poured $39,000,-
000,000 of war goods and civilian
necessities into countries fighting the
Axis is being shut down on order of
President Truman. The lend-lease
law authorized the President to ter-
minate the program at the war's end.
The action was decided upon at a
White House conference Friday at.
tended by Leo T. Crowley, Foreign
Economic Administrator; Secretary of
State Byrnes; Secretary of the Treas-
ury Vinson and other top policy offi-
cials.
It is understood that letters of
notification, drawn up by FEA, will
advise purchasing representatives of
the affected countries to propose im-
mediately some other basis on which
they would like to receive civilian
goods that up to this time they have
obtained under lend-lease.
The principal countries affected
are Belgium, the Netherlands, France,
Britain, 'Russia, and China. Each

CAT School Closes as Third,
Fourth Classes Leave for Japan

LAN6ING, mich., Aug. 18-A frut!-
scale program of postwar public works
is planned to aid in maintaining high
employment, ready to be carried out
in Michigan.
Charles M. Ziegler, State Highway
Commissioner, has announced that a
$75,000,000 three-year Michigan high-
way improvement program will start
as soon as Federal funds become
available.
"We are ready to advertise for bids
the moment Congress provides the
funds called for in the Federal High-
way Act passed last December," he
said.
Under the Federal act, he explain-
ed, Michigan governmental units will
receive $16,638,432 a year in the
three-year period, the money to be
matched by state or local funds. Of
this amount, $6,826,974 goes for Fed-
eral aid trunk lines; $5,682,433 for
urban highways and $4,129,025 for
secondary or feeder roads.
9 Areas Face
Job Scarcity
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 - () -
Only nine of the nation's 166 prin-
cipal labor market areas face the
prospect of "extremely serious tem-
porary unemployment" by Oct. 15,
the War Manpower Commission said
today.
In those nine areas, Chairman Paul
V. McNutt said, a survey indicates
that between 20 and 25 per cent of
the work force will be job hunting
by mid-October.
The areas facing "at least tempo-
rary distressed" employment condi-
tions by mid-October include De-
troit and Flint, Mich.
An area is regarded as "distressed"
when an average of from 20 to 25 per
cent of its work force is unemployed.

Instruction at the Civil Affairs
Training School, Far Eastern Area
(CATS) has come to an end for the
Fourth Class, who have completed
only four weeks of a 26-week pro-
gram, with the closing of the School
yesterday.
The ninety-one officers of the
Fourth Class, including three Brit-
ish, two Canadian, and two WAC
officers, will leave Ann Arbor Tues-
day for a Pacific toast staging area,
from which they will embark, along
with Class Three, which graduated
yesterday, for Japan. Trained here
as military government officers, the
group will work under Supreme Al-
lied Commander Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur in governing occupied Japan.
Long Occupation Foreseen
Their occupation job may be a
long one according to Maj.-Gen.
Archer L. Lerch, Army provost mar-
shal general, who told the hundred

education, sanitation, finance, cen-
sorship and transportation.
Located in Rackham
Occupying the Rackham building
mezzanine, the School has been un-
der the joint directorship of Dr. Wil-
lett F. Ramsdell and Col. Stephen A.
Park.
With the closing of the School, the
only remaining program of its kind
will be offered at the Allied Military
Government School at Charlottes-
Va.
Prof. Payro To Talk
On Art of Argentina
Visiting Prof. Julio Payro of Ar-
gentina will present a talk on the
art of his native country before a
meeting of La Sociedad Hispanica at
8 p. m. EWT Tuesday in Rm. 9, Alum-
,i ___ __.i l S, 1,,

Four PU' Grads on Faculty of
Army University in Florence

Four University graduates are fac-
ulty members of the Army University
Study Center, Mediterranean Thea-
tre of Operations, according to an
academic catalog recently received by
I-I Td lit _ rov T-n- VC nl'Wi fn"4

tics, are named for various American
universities,
Men and women in the Mediter-
ranean Theatre may take courses on
a nniversity leve lin ariculture. husi-

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