THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, JULY 29, 1945
%OE SIX SUNDAY, JULY 29, 1945
ULTIMATUM TO JAPS
Allies Give Specific Terms
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
Associated Press News Analyst
The outstanding fact of the war
with Japan now is that Tokyo's war
leaders have before them the Pots-
dam surrender ultimatum stating in
specific terms what "unconditional
surrender" will mean for Japan when
it comes. And come it will, soon or
late. Even the most fanatical Japa-
nese militarist cannot conceivably
A World Judgment
In effect the Churchill-Chiang Kai-
Shek-Truman document is a United
To ie ,Of fere d
WJR To Broadcast
Quartet Hymns Today
Student-written plays to be pre-
sented over station WKAR, East
Lansing, this week include "Coinci-
dence," by Dan W. Mullin, at 4:30
p. m. EWT (3:30 p. m. CWT) Tues-
day and "The People in the Valley"
by Mary Jordan, at the same time
"Hymns of Freedom," a quartet
directed by Prof. Arthur Hackett
with hymn commentary and back-
ground by Dr. Donald E. Hargis, will
be broadcast at 9:15 a. m. EWT (8:15
a. m. CWT) today over WJR.
Rev. Blakeman To Speak
Rev. Edward W. Blakeman, Stu-
dent Religious Counselor, will dis-
cuss "The Jewish Religion and Post-
war Adjustment" in the second of
three programs on that topic at 2:45
p. m. EWT (1:45 p. m. CWT) Wed-
nesday over the same station.
A student roundtable discussion
on "Military Conscription of 18-Year
-Olds" will be conducted by Prof.
Crocker at 2:30 p.n., EWT (1:30 p.
m. CWT) Tuesday over local sta-
Preparation for College
Another program announced by
the University Broadcasting Service
for this week is a discussion. "Should
All High School Students Be Pre-
pared for College?" by Edward C.
Kelley, visiting faculty member of
the educational school, at 2:30 p. m.
EWT (1:30 p. m. CWT) Monday over
He will be followed by the Inter-
national Center program, in which
Joyce Siegan will interview Betty
Chen and Herman Yueh, Chinese
students here, at 2:45 p. m. EWT
1:45 p. m. CWT) Monday.
"Stump the Professor," with Dr.
Donald E. Hargis, acting director of
the Broadcasting panel, will be giv-
en at 2 p. m. EWT (1 p. r. CWT)
Saturday on the same station. It
will include Dr. Randolph Adams, di-
rector of Clements Library, George
Kiss of the geography department,
Prof. Arthur Hackett of the School
of Music, and Prof. A. R. Harris of
the Department of English.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Contributions to this
column should be addressed to Michigan
Men at War, The Michigan Daily, Stu-
dent Publications Building.
Cited for meritorious service in
connection with military operations
against the enemy, Lieutenant Colo-
nel GUY H. GOWEN, Medical Sec-
tion of the Seventh Army in Ger-
many, was recently awarded the
Bronze Star Bedal. Gol. Gowen is a
member of the faculty of the School
of Public Health at the University.
Another recent recipient of the
Bronze Star Medal was Special
Government Agent WILLIAM K.
JACWSON, who received the award
for meritorious achievement in con-
nection with air force units
throughout the Mediterranean
Theatre over a sustained period
from February, 1943 to June, 1945.
Mr. Jackson, who began service
with the Armed forces in 1942, now
serves with the Counter-Intelligence
Corps of the 12th AAF in Italy. He
graduated from the University Law
School with Doctor of Jurisprudence
and Bachelor of Arts degrees.
* * *
Ensigns RICHARD H. FREE-
MAN and LEWIS NEILSON, both
of whom attended the University,
have reported to the Officers'
School at Norfolk, Va., to receive a
course of instruction for duties
aboard a destroyer of the Atlantic
When the 321st B-25 Mitchell Bomb
Group of the 12th Air Force in Italy
was presented its second War De-,
partrment'citation, the highest honor
attainable by a combat unit, Second
Lieutenant PAUL Z. HIGBY, a bom-
bardier with the group, shared in its
The 321st, one of the oldest bomb
groups overseas, received the citation
for an attack against shipping in
Toulon Harbor three days following
Nations pronouncement, an expres-
sion of world judgment upon Japan.
It cannot be otherwise construed in
As to when or how any Japanese
government answer will be forthcom-
ing one guess is as good as another.
There is a time factor involved in
the war beyond the Pacific that runs
in Japanese favor in so far as it
allows a considerable interval before
the full weight of Allied attack on
Japan and Chinese assaults on the
mainland is apt to develop.
Weather Conditions Poor
Weather conditions in the Pacific
and the East China Sea will not be
at their best for the massive amphi-
bious operations in preparation
against Japan until after the year's
end, through January and April.
April weather is also the war season
in most of China due to weather con-
ditions. And on April 25 next the
Russo-Japanese five-year peace-pact
definitely expires. It was formerly
denounced by Moscow last April as
required by its terms to avert auto-
matic renewal for another five years
and because Japan was making war
on Russia's allies.
Still another element in the situ-
ation tending to allow Japan time
for reffection over her plight before
the final Allied assaults to crush her,
with or without Russian participa-
tion, are launched is the Anglo-Amer-
ican redeployment from Europe for
that purpose. It is definitely ahead
of schedule so far as the United
States is concerned but still far from
complete. There is much to indicate
that British mustering in the South-
east Asia Command Theater is also
well advanced but there, too, wet
monsoon weather is certain to re-~
strict major activities until late Octo-
ber or November.
It is clear that the air and
Naval preliminaries to invasion of
Japan's home islands are to pro-
ceed relentlessly and on an in-
creasing scale by air regardless of the
typhoon season in that theater. It is
also clearhthat the Chungkink gov-
ernment has planned sustained and
cumulativegroundnattacks in Central
China backed by expanding Allied
air power as a prelude to the final
mainland victory effort.
First formidable American air for-
ays against Japanese deployments in
Northern China have already come
from the west. Okinawa based Army
medium bombers have attacked
Shanghai airfields twice within the
last week. That is due for expan-
sion to strategic battering by B-29s
at Japanese war -potentials in all
Northern China and Manchuria when
General Doolittle's redeployed and
equipped 8th Airforce also goes into
action from Okinawa.
Fritz Crisler To Lecture
On Athletic Experiences
"Experiences in' Athletics" will be
the subject of a talk by Herbert O.
(Fritz) Crisler, athletic director, at
a meeting of the Men's Education
Club at 7:15 p. m. EWT (6:15 CWT)
tomorrow in the Michigan Union.
Preceding the meeting members
will meet for dinner at 5:45 p. m.
EWT (4:45 p. m. CWT) in the Uni-
versity Club Dining Room.
MRS. ROOSEVELT GETS STAMP HONORING FDR-Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of the late president,
receives the first sheet of the new one-cent Roosevelt memorial stamps from Postmaster General Robert
Hannegan at ceremonies at the post office in Hyde Par!:, N. Y. L. to R. are: Mrs. Elliott Roosevelt, Mrs.
Roosevelt, Joseph J. Lawlor, third assistant postmaster general, Hannegan, and Brig. Gen. Elliot Roosevelt,
the late president's son.
INTIMATE OF PRESIDENTS:
Kirke Simpson, AP Veteran,
Retires After 38 Years
WASHINGTON, July 28-(R')-The
young reporter's ear hurt. As he lay
in his berth, speeding across the
Arizona desert, it seemed that he
would never get to the next stop and
Suddenly the curtains rustled, and
a high-pitched voice said: "Mr. Simp-
son! Mrs. Roosevelt wants you to try
this oil in your ear."
Kirke Simpson-Simpson of the
AP-took the little bottle from the
hand of Theodore Roosevelt. The
medicine helped. Next day a doctor
lanced an infection. TR's lecture
tour rolled on.
It was 1911. Kirke Simpson had
U. . Rubber Co.
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, July 28-A majority of
the 6,000 employes of the United
States Rubber Company have voted
to end a twoweeks strike at the com-
pany's local plant but less than half
the normal day shift of 2,800 reported
for work yesterday.
The'strike which followed the dis-
missal of 12 workers at the request
of Local 101, United Rubber Workers
(CIO), developed into a factional dis-
pute and the setting up of a picket
line by supporters of the 12 workers
accused by Local 101 of Anti-Union
The strike has tied up production
of tires for planes needed in the of-
fensive against Japan, according to
Army Air Forces officers, who in ad-
dresses at Union meetings and
through the use of Army trucks equip-
ped with loud speakers at the plant
have urged the strikers to return to
Management representatives said
today they did not know whether to
expect a full crew at work on to-
been an AP man for three years. He
has been one ever since-the inti-
mate of presidents, of many another
great and near-great, but always a
real pal to every newspaper man.
Now, after 37 years with the AP,
he is retiring. Monday he will write
his daily morning paper war column
for the last time and turn it over to
other hands. Friday evening his fel-
low AP men and women will entertain
him at a small party. Later he and
Mrs. Simpson will head west for
their old home in San Francisco.
Simpson joined the AP there in
1908, but he started his newspaper
career as editor of the Daily Sun in
the gold town of Tonopah, Nev.
One day he found a bundle of dy-
namite lying against the outside wall
of the frame newspaper office.
It was just opposite his desk. Sup-
posedly it had been placed there by
the faction the paper was opposing
in a labor dispute. The fuse, provi-
dentially, had charred out.
Before Tonopah, Simpson served as
a bugler in the Spanish-American
war. He tells a little story about it.
His regiment was poking its way
through Manila. Sixteen-year-old
Simpson, carrying his trumpet and a
pistol, spotted a Spanish sniper.
Quick as a wink he hauled out his
"But just as I got him in my
sights," he recalls, "I weakened. I
couldn't shoot him. I had to call on
one of the men to handle him."
To Be Shifted
Nearly Half in Europe
Seek Overseas Duty
By The Associated Press
PARIS, July 28-A redeployment
program for United States Army nur-
ses was announced today by the
Army Chief Surgeon who said that
more than 40 per cent of the 17,948
now in the European theater had
volunteered for further overseas ser-
The program, designed to shift nur-
ses and not to discharge them, is
based on a critical score of 70 points
for assignment to service in the Unit-
Some May Return to U. S.
Preference for return to the Unit-
ed States, in addition to the point
score, will be based on whether the
nurses are married and have hus-
bands in the United States, and on
Of the Army nurses now in Europe,
2,800 have volunteered to go directly
to the Pacific, 2,500 more to go to the
Pacific via the United States, and
1,300 to continue serving in the Army
of Occupation in Europe.
Nurses Sent to Pacific
More than 1,000 nurses were re-
deployed to the Pacific in June.
Unmarried nurses with scores of
between 55 and 70 points will be plac-
ed in Army of Occupation hospitals,
or redeployed to the Pacific via the
Unmarriedsnurses with scores of
less than 55 points will be sent di-
rectly to the Pacific, or placed in oc-
cupation Army hospitals in Europe.
EDUCATION SCHOOL NEWS
The following is the schedule of M. Ligon, Professor of Religious Edu-
lectures to be given at 3:05 p.m. EWT cation, Union College, will be given
(2:05 p.m. CWT) in the University Tuesday with Prof. Howard Y. Mc-
High School auditorium this week: Clusky presiding as chairman; "The
"The Postwar Outlook for Physical Significance and Formation of Evalu-
Education" by Prof. Elmer D. Mitch- ative Attitudes" also by Prof. Ligon,
ell of the Physical Education depart- Wednesday with Prof. Willard C.
ment, Monday; "The Development of Olson of the School of Education pre-
Guidance Programs through In-Serv- siding: "Securing a Better Position"
ice Training of Teachers" by Marie by T. Luther Purdom, Director of the
Skodak, Director of the Flint Guid- University Placement Service, Thurs-
ance Center, Tuesday; "Educational day.
Problems of Slow Growing Children" * * *
by Prof. Byron Hughes of the educa- .1
tion school, Wednesday; "Adjusting Edu at r To
Personnel Services to Changing Ex- Speech
periencesofYu" by James M.M- S e k o l
Callister, Registrar and Personnel Di- T
rector of Herzl Junior College, Thurs-
day; "Trends in Religious Education" prof. Schorling Tells
by Edward W. Blakeman, Counselor
in Religious Education, Friday. Need for Cooperation
iEducation "If the people accept compulsory
The weekly Women in Eucatnmilitary training, then we are vitally
luncheon will be held from 11:45 to concerned that the fine cooperation
1 p.m. EWT (10:45 to noon CWT) that has been achieved between mil-
Wednesday in the Russian Tea Room itary and education shall not be lost,"
of the Michigan League. Prof. Raleigh Schorling of the School
* * * Iof Education said in speaking to an
Phi Delta Kappa will meetat 7:30 education conference Friday on the
p.m. EWT (6:30 p.m. CWT) Tuesday tour he directed of 26 Michigan edu-
in the West Council Room of the cators through 17 military installa-
Rackham Building. Prof. C. Lester tions in the East.
Anderson will be the speaker, and The educators who returned to
refreshments will be served. Members Ann Arbor this week after a month
are requested to attend, trip have gained "a wider contact
* * * with the military training programs
Dean James B. Edmonson, Prof. than other groups have had or are
Clifford Woody, and other members likely to have," said.
of the School of Education faculty Referring to military instructors,
will hold a meeting at 7:30 p.m. EWT Prof. Schorling said they believe
(6:30 p.m. CWT) Monday in the lec- themselves now more effective teach-
ture amphitheatre. of the Rackham ers than previously. They paid tri-
Building for candidates for doctorate bute to civilian educators, to those
in education. converted into military teachers, and
The program will consist of an to such reasons as good materials
illustrated lecture entitled "The Citi- and almost constant supervision for
zenship Project of Detroit." Dr. Stan- that.
ley Dimond, director of the Civil Edu- The final report of this tour will
cation Study of Detroit, will deliver be published in the fall by the De-
the lecture. Prof. Woody will explain partment of Public Instruction.
the plans for a citizenship study he
will direct with funds provided by Siam Alpha Mu Elect
the state chapter of the DAR. A re- ~m lh uEet
ception will close the evening. Summer Term Officers
Three lectures will be given at 4 Sigma Alpha Mu officers for the
p.m. EWT (3 p.m. CWT) this week in summer term are Henry B. Keiser,
the University High School audito- Prior. Bernard Meislin, Recorder, and
rium. "The Personal Equation-Why Seymour Lichter, Pledge Master, the
We Behave as We Do" by Prof. Ernest fraternity announced.
Sigma Alpha Mu's pledge class for
this term was also announced. In-
cluded are David Miller, Stewart New-
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