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July 26, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-07-26

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VOL. LIV No. 16-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'INSIDE GERMANY'
Four-Man Rule
Controls A 11Nazi
Domestic Life
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 25-Adolf Hitler tonight invested Marshal Hermann
Wilhelm Goering and Propaganda Chief Paul Joseph Goebbels with sweep-
ing powers over German public and private life and in effect, placed Ger-
many and the occupied territories under an arch-Nazi quadrumvirate.
In a move apparently exterminating any conservative influence which
had remained in authority, Hitler produced a blueprint for crumbling
Germany's death battle, a last fanatical struggle to be directed by the
-."Big Four" of Nazism-Hitler, Goer-

Reds Advance to
Threaten To Enc

Miles of Wisla River,
rcle Polish Capital;

a

Yanks Crash Jap Wall, Take Guam Harbor

411

Ni mitz Reports
Japs Isolated
On Island Base,

Polish Authority
Is Recognized
By Russians
By the Associated Press]
LONDON, July 25-Russia con-I
cretely advanced her program for in-
corporating the eastern part of old<
Poland into the Soviet Union and
compensating a re-born Poland with
German lands by announcing today
that she recognized the newly-creat-
ed "Polish Committee of National
Liberation" as the sole civil author-
ity in territory now being wrested
from the Germans west of the Bug
River.
Administrators of this committee
are moving right up with the Red
Army and setting up civil administra-
tions, Moscow said in disavowing any
Russian intention of changing the
Polish social system or creating any
Soviet authority in lands that are
Polish.
The Polish exiled Government in
London, with which Russia has no
relations and which the new Rus-
sian-backed committee has denounc-
ed as "illegal," is ignored in the ar-
rangements. Russia thus signified
her rejection of the long-stalled Brit-
ish-American efforts to end amiably
the dispute between Moscow and the
exiled government over post-war
boundaries.-
The formation and the recognition
today by the Soviet Union were both
apparently without any advance no-t
tice to the U. S. Department of State
or the British Foreign Office, both
of which recognize the exiled gov-
ernment as the official Polish re-t
gime.
A Soviet government statement
emphasized that Russia has "no aim
of acquiring any part of Polish ter-
ritory or changing the social system
in Poland."
* *
U.S. Discusses
Polish Question
WASHINGTON, July 25.- (1P)-
The United States intendsto pursue
a strictly non-partisan course in the
Russo-Polish dispute over the admin-
istration of liberated' areas of Poland,
it was reported on high authority
tonight.
Officials here are hopeful that a
way will be found to avoid any direct
clash of interests between Britain
and the United States, on one hand,'
and Russia on the other over the
Polish question, despite the outburst
of denunciations which has marked
the organization of an administrative
authority for Poland under Russian
sponsorship.
The American intention, appar-
ently is to let events develop to a
point where some line of action rec-
onciling the apparent conflict will be
possible.
Blood Bank
Opens Friday
75 Women Donors
Needed To Fill Quota
Seventy-five University women are
needed to donate .blood in the Red
Cross Blood Bank, which will be held
Friday and Saturday, Aug. 11 and
12, in the Women's Athletic Building,
and the quota for men donors will be
announced soon, according to Mrs.
H. F. Groves, of the local Red Cross
organization.
Women are asked to register be-
tween 1:30 p.m. and 3 p.m. tomorrow
or from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Friday in the
Social Director's Office in the League,
although if this is inconvenient they

may sign up with the Social Director
at any time before Aug. 1. Pam
Watts, '45, War Council secretary-
treasurer, is in charge of coed regis-

ing, Goebbels and Heinrich Himmler,
the Gestapo chief appointed last week
to be an all-powerful commander-in-
chief of the army at home.
Hitler Issues Decree
Hitler, issued a decree naming
Goering and Goebbels to extract from
the peoples of "the Greater German
Reich and the occupied countries the
last ounce of strength for the Ger-
man Army and the- arms industry,"j
and he empowered them to "issue in-
structions" to even the highest Reich

GOEBBELS
Given New Position

authorities, whoever they may be.
Having apparently insured Nazi
countrol of the army by last week's
ruthless Himmler-directed purge of
rebellious Junkers, tonight's move
was directed at clinching control of
the home front.
Goering Heads Reich Defense
Goering was appointed chairman
of the Ministerial Council for De-
fense of the Reich and Goebbels was
named his executor as Reichs com-
misar for total mobilization for war.
The decree made Goering a dictator
over all private and public life in
Germany and occupied Europe, with
Goebbels his executor to scrape the
bottom of the barrel for manpower
and materials for a fiery Armaged-
don.
. Goering was charged with a total
overhaul of state administration and
public services "with the purpose of
freeing the maximum manpower for
the German Army and the arms in-
dustry and of adapting the entire
public life in every possible rep'ect
to the demands of total war."
The German military commentat-
or Gen. Kurt Ditthar said the con-
spirators against Hitler were "wiped
out in the same place where the con-
spiracy was planned."
Stater Hotel
Strike Still On
DETROIT, July 25.-( P)-Approx-
imately 400 guests at the Hotel Stat-
ler continued today to make their
own beds, eat box lunches and go
without elevator service as the strike
of the hotel's 700 employes went into
its sixth day.
The hotel management has placed
rest chairs at each stair landing for
the guests, 'all permanent residents
of the hotel, since only one emer-
gency elevator is operating. Several
thousand dollars worth of food which
was left on hand when the walkout
began Thursday at 5 p.m. was given
to city hospitals.

By the Associated Press
USPFH, PEARL HARBOR, July 25
-Substantial gains on invaded
Guam and' Tinian Islands, deep in
Japan's inner defense ar, with Am-
erican forces effecting a junction on
the eastern shores of Guam's stra-
tegic Apra Harbor, were announced
today by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz.
American forces that invaded
Gvam only last Thursday thus con-
trolled all of Apra Harbor's shore-
lines with the exception of a portion
of the Orote peninsula, on the south.
Japs Isolated
There an unknown number of Jap-
anese had been isolated as the south-
ern assault forces of the third am-
phibious corps slashed across the
base of the peninsula.
Before noon the Tinian invaders,
with heavy artillery and naval fire
support, had advanced half way
across the northern end of the island,
which is within gunfire of Saipan.
The beachhead had been widened to
three and one-half miles.
Nimitz announced a strike by navy
planes into the Kurile Islands, far
to the north of the Marianas, for the.
second successive day. They attack-
ed Paramushiro Sunday, bombing the
airfield, 'starting' fires and strafing{
fishing craft.
Truk Bombed
Truk in the Carolines also took an-
other heavy pounding from the sev-
enth Army Air Force, which dropped
67 tons of bombs on antiaircraft bat-
teries and airfields Sunday.
The Orate peninsula airfield on
Guam had been isolated, its defend-
ers cut off from all escape except the
remote possibility of an exit by way
of the American controlled seas.
Shaw Predicts
Hitler Will Get
Away with It
LONDON, July 26-(AP)-George
Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright who
is 88 years old today, thinks Hitler
will "get away with it and end up in
the Viceregal lodge in Dublin."
"What will be the end of Hitler?"
Shaw echoed testily to a Daily Sketch
birthday eve interviewer. "Why he'll
wind up in the Viceregal lodge in
Dublin, of course. The Kaiser finished
his days peacefully at Doorn. Hitler
is almost certain to get away with it,
too."
The interviewers found Shaw-
frailer but pink-cheeked-chopping
wood at his Hertfordshire country
home, which he said he'd give to the
nation as a national trust.
He was willing to talk about any-
thing but his birthday.
"I'd forgotten about it," he snort-
ed. "I don't want your congratula-
tions. You know very well I hate
them. To hell with all birthday
wishes, I say. Who in his senses
wants to be reminded that he's grow-
ing old."
Shaw told an interviewer from the
Daily Mail that the state of the
world "is still plain hell."
"I lived most of my life in the
nineteenth century," he said. "Ev-
erybody thought that was a wonder-
ful time. The people thought they
knew everything and everything was
fine.
"Then Karl Marx came along and
lifted the lid off it and showed there
was just plain hell underneath. And
look at the world today-It's still
plain hell." 4

British Push
Within 10 Miles
Of Florence
Allied Forces Drive
Toward 'Gothic Line'
By the Associated Press
ROME, July 25-British infantry,
gaining in small but bloody battles
through mountainous country, ad-
vanced to within less than 10 miles
of the historic city of Florence from
the south, while American troops
fighting inland along the Arno River
were reported tonight only 18 miles
west of the great art center and
transportation hub.
The enveloping Allied drives on the
metropolis, 140 miles northwest of
Rome, were being pressed in the face
of bitter enemy resistance. Nazi
troops yielded each successive posi-
tion only after being blasted out, and
there always was a new stronghold
into which they could retire.
As the Fifth and Eighth armies
converged for a final assault on the
city there was on indication that
Field Marshal Albert Kesselring had
any plan other than to defend it
desperately, rather than to withdraw
his forces into the "Gothic Line" on
the northern side of the Arno, which
flows through Florence.
On the American front, extending
from the Tyrrhenian Sea through
the city of Pisa and on inland along
the twisting Arno River to a point
18 miles from Florence, the last Ger-
man soldier either had crossed the
wide stream and entered the "Goth-
ic" defenses or had died in a futile
attempt to stem the advance.
Heavy fighting occurred east of
San Miniato and about 20 miles
from Florence, where the Nazis yes-
terday twice counterattacked against
advancing American groups.
Aides in Prisoner Escape
Spend Day in County Jail
BAY CITY, MICH., July 25-(AP)
-Kitty Case, 20, and Shirley Druce,
18; who admitted aiding two Nazi
prisoners of war to escape from an
Owosso, Mich., canning plant, spent
today in the Bay County jail.
They were arraigned Monday night
before a United States Commissioner
on formal charges growing out of
the escapade.

Allies Storm St. Lo;
Nazis Resist Attack

0

By the Associated Press
SHAEF, July 26-The Allied ar-
mies in Normandy opened the great-
est coordinated offensive of the west-
ern invasion yesterday as the Amer-
icans.smashed west of St. Lo in their
heaviest assault since Cherbourg and
British-Canadian forces on the east
drove south of Caen against some of
the strongest German resistance of
the entire campaign.
With their supreme commander,
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, on the
beachhead to confer with field com-
Social Drama
Will Be .Next
Production
"Journey to Jerusalem," a drama
on the never-ending tragedy of social
oppression, will be presented by the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
Department of Speech Wednesday
through Saturday, Aug. 2-5 at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Written by Maxwell Anderson, the
play seeks to draw a significant par-
allel between the Caesars and Hitlers.
It is a story of a pilgrimage to Jeru-
salem for observance of the ritual of
the Passover by a Jewish family from
Galilee. A twelve year old son, Jesus,
is one of the members.
Throughout the drama, the em-
phasis is placed on thetcorruption
and greed in high positions and the
distress and poverty aomng the peo-
ple. It deals with Roman slavery
imposed by Augustus but carried out
by Herod and the growing need for
spiritual leadership.
All this is related with colorful
imagery and the smoothly flowing
lines which are so typical of Ander-
son.
Mrs. Claribel Baird, a member of
the faculty at the Oklahoma State
College for Women, will direct the
production.
Herbert Philippi will be in charge
of the setting, Robert Burrows and
Ernest Asmus will handle the techni-
cal direction, and Miss Lucy Barton
will be the costumiere for the Players.

manders for seven hours as the big
push got under way, the Allied ar-
mies struck to end a.relative stale-
mate of several days' duration.
Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley's Am-
erican First Army launched its drive
at noon after "very large forces" of
heavy, medium light and fighter-
bombers had joined in a concentrat-
ed aerial assault,, Headquarters an-
nounced in its midnight communi-
que-No. 100.
British and Canadian infantrymen
and armor hit below Caen on a four-
mile front before dawn, seizingat
least two towns in a one-mile ad-
vance through terrific opposition em-
ploying tanks and 88 MM. guns.
Allies Bomb
Norman Front
LONDON; July 25-(AP)-Gigan-
tic fleets of Allied planes, numbering
approximately 4,000 in all, were hurl-
ed against German positions on the
Normandy battlefront today in the
greatest aerial assault since D-Day,
a thunderous prelude to slugging,
early morning advances of the
ground forces.
Ripping a path before the Ameri-
cans, in the west, more than 1,500 U.
S. heavy bombers, largest force ever
employed in a single mission, and
1,500 lighter bombers and American
fighters, lashed furiously at the Ger-
mans.
Simultaneously on the eastern end
of the 100-mile front, RAF Mustangs
dropped 1,000-pound bombs on ene-
my positions south of Caen, ahead of
Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's
British and Canadian armies.
King Sees Change in Jap
Naval Tactics by Cabinet
WASHINGTON, July 25.- (IP)-
Admiral Ernest J. King, Navy Com-
mander in Chief, confident that the
new Japanese cabinet will change the
enemy's war tactics, hopes the
change will bring "cooperation" by
the Nipponese fleet in a showdown
naval engagement.

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NORMANDY OFFENSIVE-Arrows locate sectors of a new coordinated offensive opened by the Allies
in Normandy. American troops were, reported to be driving west of St. Lo while British-Canadian forces
struck south of Caen. Two towns were seized in a before-dawn advance below Caen.
-aN* *S * * * *

Nazis Thrown
Off Balance
By Maneuver
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Wednesday, July 26-
The conquering Red Armies thrust
within seven miles of the Wisla (Vis-
tula) River yesterday, immediately
treatening to outflank Warsaw on
he south and confront the harried
Nazi command with a smash due
west across that vast big waterway
guarding the German fatherland 150
miles distant.
This sudden maneuver, catching
the enemy off balance and posing the
most terrifying prospect for him, was
but one of a series of victorious ad-
vances announced by the Soviet mid-
night communique for the seven
great armies now on the offensive.
On other sectors of the 800-mile-
long front the Russians reported they
had furthered their frontial drive
now between 40 and 50 mile east
of Warsaw, surrounded and broke
into the city of Lwow, Poland's third
largest, fought into the outskirts of
virtually-encircledtBialystok, cut the
last Nazi escape railway between Riga
and Daugavpils in Latvia, and threw
deadly nooses around Brest Litovsk
and Stanislawow.
Germans Prepare to Flee
The rumble of big guns already was
audible to the enslaved residents of
Warsaw and to the German masters
who, air reconnaissance indicated,
were preparing to flee.
But the great threat to Warsaw,
and to the original German Reich
beyond, was the drive to the brink.
of the Wisla 66 miles southeast of
the old Polish capital which sits on
the west bank.
The staggering Germans, who had
massed for the expected Iussian as-
sault on Warsaw directly from the
east, discovered they had been tricked
by a characteristic Red Army maneu-
ver.
Russians Advance East of Warsaw
If they went all-out in a stand on
the Wisla, they would weaken the de-
fense against the Russian drive on
Warsaw from the east, which Mos-
cow dispatches tonight said had en-
tered the maze of roads 40 to 50
miles east of the capital in the Sied-
lce area.
Red bombers pointed the way of
the army advance by heavily bomb-
ing of the Wisla River city of Deblin,
guardian of a main crossing point
just north of the present Russian
ground positions, which were extend-
ed a score of miles beyond the liber-
ated "Ghetto City" of Lublin.
One poor secondary highway that
leads westward into marshlands is
the only thread of escape left for the
German garrison.
U.S., Argentine
Relations Suffer
Verbal Clash Between
Nations Is Nearing
WASHINGTON, July 25.-V)-The
Argentine government evidently gave
up today its latest drive to win diplo-
matic recognition from the United
States and turned instead to charting
further moves designed to split the
American nations unified against it.
A verbal clash between Washington
and Buenos Aires is an immediate
prospect. The Argentine regime 'is
scheduled to explain tomorrow its
position in recalling Dr. Adrian Esco-
bar, its ambassador in Washington.
The United States and cooperating
American nations are due to define
anew, either tomorrow or Thursday,
their attitude toward the Argentine

administration, based on the con-
tention that it has followed a course
hurtful to the United Nations in their
struggle with the Axis.
The United States and most of the
other American republics have not
recognized the Edelmiro Farrell re-
gime since it came into power early
this year. At one time Bolivia, Para-
guay, Chile and Ecuador extended
some degree of recognition but re-
cently the four countries ordered
their ambassadors home.

I

Post-War Employment Problems Discussed at Conference

Post-war employment outlook for
returning veterans and an expanded
labor force was discussed by repre-
sentatives of labor, business, govern-
ment and industry at the Guidance
and Occupational Conference held
last night in the Rackham lecture
h1 ll

better economy than this country
has known before and stands ready
to cooperate with any group, indi-
vidual or party which will bring
about that better economy.
"The real threat to our democratic
system of government will come at
the end of the war unless we can pro-

As an aid to full production after
the war, Reuther suggested a "peace
production" board and a vast public
works program.
Dr. Hugh B. Killough of the U.
S. Department of Labor outlined
important jobs which are ahead of
the nation-redUction of unem-

were available in 1940.
Anticipated shifts in the post-war
labor force include a large expansion
in construction work, a decline in
manufacturing and an increase in
non-manufacturing industries, Kill-j
ough predicted.
Speaking "in behalf of private

ings will find ready outlets and the
United States is able to raise the
standards of living of the world, he
believes.
Work in placing "returnees" was
described by Maj. John R. Hundley
of the Army Air Forces Personnel
Distribution Command who substi-

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