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July 20, 1944 - Image 2

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,- _


Fifty-Fourth Year


Fascism: Spanish Variety






Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

Jane Farrant
Betty Ann Koffi
Stan Wallace
Hank Mantho
Peg Weiss

Managing Editor
man . . . Editorial Director
City Editor
. . . Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Business Staff
. . . . Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

Lee Amer

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the ue*
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it o
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Sbscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 194344
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
End of Free Press.
AMID British and American attempts to pro-
mote a free press in the post-war world has
come a new French bombshell which will do
little to secure better relations between the
three powers.
The French Provisional Government in
Algiers has issued a decree establishing a
state monopoly of news in liberated France, a
direct contradiction of our plans to have a
free flow of news throughout the world in the
future. England's leading news agency, Reu-
ters, backed by the Associated Press, has
vehemently protested to the French admini-
The decree will give the French state-con-
trolled news agency the right to distribute to the
press and radio inside France all official state-
ments and French and foreign news. Along
with that power, the newly established agency
has the right to exclude any French or foreign
While the decree states that the restrictions
are "provisional", American correspondents re-
call the gradual censorship of foreign and na-
tional news agencies in Nazi Germany before
the outbreak of war, when many of them quit
their positions rather than subject themselves
to a chained press.
ON THE OPPOSITE side of the picture, the
United States has considered proposals with-
in the last few weeks to insure a free press
throughout the world.
The American Society of Newspaper Editors
submitted a plan to both the Democrats and the
Republicans for their party planks providing
that peace settlements include provisions to
insure freedom of the press and equal access to
world news. The proposal was adopted in prin-
ciple by the Republican party and is being seri-
ausly considered by the Resolutions committee
of the Democratic party.
The ASNE, clarifying its point, stated, "We
believe that in order to assure the free flow of
truthful news all channels of information
must be open to the movement of news with-
out intervening control, restraint or suppres-
Is that step of restraint on the part of the
French government in Algiers going to be the
first rung down the ladder, down from the
potential friendship which world-wide freedom
of the press could help promote between France,
Britain and the United States? What happened
to the news services in Germany can happen
in any other country, with only one isolated
incident shoving the ball downhill.
-Adele Rhodes
1 1
Coeds' Help Needed
to volunteer as ward helpers immediately.
The Sophomore Women's Project, which is in
charge of this necessary work has raised the
call for summer-term volunteers.
After their dismal showing in the recent
drive for volunteer workers in local cherry
orchards, Michigan girls should welcome this
opportunity to redeem themselves. By giving
a few hours of their time each week to the
University Hospital the coeds can show their
willingness to help in an emergency situation,
and to contribute to the war effort.

There is no one else to answer this call for
workers! Will Michigan co-eds shirk again-or
will they do their part?
-Lee Landy
An Effective Gag ...

FASCISM is a maniac hunched over the wheel
of a powerful limousine. As long as the
mad-man drives, the car will run and smash and
kill. Fascism follows its own laws of develop-
ment and, while it exists, it has a momentum
which cannot be harnessed or controlled or
reasoned with. It can only be met by a greater
force and destroyed. Always much too painfully,
and often much too slowly, we are learning these
Many people have told the truth about
Spain: Constancia. de. la Mora "In Place of
Splendor," Andre MWalraux "Man's, Hope," Ra-
mon Sender "Seven Red Sundays," Jay Allen
"All the Brave," Anna Strong-"Spain in
Arms" Buts we didn't read the books, or we
didn't. believe them, or we didn't care.
Spain in July, 1936, was governed by the
People's Front, a coalition of liberal parties
which had gained a majority of 4,540,000 votes
to 4,300,000 for all other parties in the February
elections (figures from Manchester. Guardian)
and thus held a majority in the congress. The.
cabinet was composed entirely of liberals except
for two members of the Falange (both of whom,
still hold positions in the government.) But
this balance of power was not satisfactory to the
reactionary landowners and industrialists, who
were determined to halt the moderate reforms
being instituted by the new government (eight-
hour day, improvements in the terms of lease-
hold contracts, and laws for the protection of
agricultural laborers); and the Falange staged
its, rebellion against the lawfully-elected gov-
ernment of. Spain, The people of the country,
even including most of those, who had voted, for
other parties in the February elections, over-
whelmingly supported the Republic.
Gerald Brenan ("The Spanish Labyrinth")
states that: "Almost all the mass support, the
enthusiasm, the spirit of sacrifice, was upon the.
Republica (side) ...But German and Italian help
was enormously more powerful than Russia's,
and for this reason the Franco forces won."
This victory in Spain was the signal for
the European field day for Fascist aggression.
It not only convinced Hitler and Mussolini
of "the decadence of the democracies," but
the techniques of Fascist warfare were per-
fected in Spain.
Jay Allen, correspondent for the Chicago
Tribune, wrote: "Thousands of Republican mili-
tiamen and women were butchered after the.
fall of Badajoz for the crime of defending their
Republic against the onslaught of the Generals
and the landowners." Arthur Koestler ("The.
Spanish Testament") writes that terrorism and
sterilization of the populace were the conscious
policy of the Franco armies. Men were executed
without a trial for carrying a union card, for
having been mayor or alderman, for having
rough hands and wearing workmen's clothes.
Workers' sections of Madrid and of Barcelona
were razed to the ground. Guernica, the holy
city of the Basque Catholics, was destroyed.

Thousands of Catholics were killed. Are we to
be surprised that the Spanish Civil War bred
ago. Have conditions improved after eight
years of Fascist rule in Spain? On December 4,
1943 both the Christian Century and Saturday
Evening Post carried stories stating that 1,500,-
000 anti-fascists were still in Spanish prisons.
Thus political differences exist side by side-the
anti-fascists inside the jail, the fascists outside.
But this is only a few million; what of "the
people"? The Sat Eve Post of July 5, 1941,
also carried a story about starvation in Spain.
In an interview with the same magazine (Dec.
4, 1943.), a Spanish women who had just arrived
in New York states: "At first Franco offered us
food and work. But his promise held good for
only two days. Then there was famine. Behind
the markets patronized only by the rich, I have
seen hordes of children fling themselves upon
rotting refuse thrown out as spoiled." The
same article states: "When Franco rode into
Madrid, he brought a bodyguard of ruthless and
barbaristic Moors to protect him against his
own people." This is the voice of the people
accusing Franco, but, listen to Franco's own
voice--"Fascist Franco pleaded the threat of
starvation for Spain to wheedle food from the
democratic larder," (Time, June 21, 1943.) We
wonder if this too was received "only by the
rich"? This starvation will never end under
Fascist rule.
And Falange activity in Latin America has
been so open and anti-democratic that Rep.
Join Coffee introduced a resolution in Con-
gress early in 1943 to investigate it. Ascribing
the recent Fascist coup d'etat in Bolivia to
Hispanidad influence, Thomas F. Hamilton
writes that the Sonsejo de Hispanidad was
formed by Franco on Nov. 2, 1940 with the
dream of "a league of totalitarian govern-
ments stretching from Cape Horn to the Rio
Grande ... the Hispanidad is the chfaracter-
istic expression of the Spanish imperialist
mentality." (Foreign Affairs Mag., April,
1944.) And the Spanish links to Germany are
demonstrated by the fact that in January,
1944, Anthony Eden protested against the
continued presence of a Spanish division
among German troops on the Russian front.
We once thought that we could cooperate
with Fascism; then we thought that we could
quarantine it, now we realize that a lasting
peace can come only with the complete destruc-
tion of Fascism as a social institution. But still
we recognize the Spain's Fascist government;
still we send its supplies; and still we invite its
representatives to speak in our universities. The
Franco regime is founded in blood and iron-
the Republican blood of Spain and the Fascist
iron of Italy and Germany. The Axis military
might is now being crushed on all fronts, and
the Spanish satellite which it established and
supported should be made to fall with it.

VOL. LIV No. 12-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session, in typewritten form
by 3:30 p. m. of the day preceding itsl
publication, except on Saturday whenj
the notices should be submitted by
11:30 a. m.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:'
By action of the Board of Regents,'
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has b.een
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from
taking the course by (1) The Uni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his representa-
tive, (3) The Director of Physical
Education and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counsellors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Fall Term.
The Administrative Board of the
College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts
School of Education Students:
Courses dropped after Saturday, July
22, will be recorded with the grade of
E except under extraordinary circum-
stances. No course is considered of-
ficially dropped unless it has been
reported in the Office of the Regis-
trar, Rm. 4, University Hall.
School of Education: Changes of
Elections in the Summer Term: No
course may be elected for credit after
Saturday, July 22. Students must
report all changes of elections at the
Registrar's Office, Rm. 4, University
Hall. Membership in a class does not
cease nor begin until all changes have
been thus officially registered. Ar-
rangements made with the instruc-
teors are not official changes.
The Alabama State Personnel De-
partment announces an unassembled
competitive examination for Health
Education Supervisor, in the State
Department of Education. Salary
$275-$325 Monthly. For further de-
tails stop in at 201 Mason Hall.
Bureau of Appointments.
Announcements from The Moose-
heart Laboratory for Child Research,
Mooseheart, Ill. for Vocational Guid-'
ance Counsellor, $2,400 per year, As-
sistant Clinical Psychologist, $1,800,
Research Assistant in Child Develop-
ment, $1,800, and Summer Assistant
in Psychology, Education or Child
Development, have been received in
our office. For complete details stop
in at 201 Mason Hall. Bureau of
Mail is being held at the business
office of the University for the fol-
lowing people: Marge Aaronson, Amy
Allen, Barbara Berry, Dr. O. W.
Brandhorst, Gene Clark, Alfred Da-
lynko, G. Raymond Dougherty, Nor-
man K. Flint, Mrs. Emily Gelperin,
Theodore E. Heger, Lyla M. Hunter,
Innes Johnson, Mrs. Georgia King,
R. G. Kimmel, Mrs. C. A. Macomic,
Mary Jane McLean, Mrs. H. Earl
Riggs, Rosemary Smith, Marie Wane-
Medical Students: The University
Automobile Regulation will be lifted
for Medical students at 12 Noon,
Saturday, July 22, and will become
effective again at 8 a.m. on July 31.
Professor Shih Chia Chu, on the

staff, Oriental Section, Library of
Congress, will present his usual
Thursday afternoon lecture at 4:10
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre, today.
Professor Chu's subject this week is
"Cultural Relations Between China,
Japan and Korea." Everyone is wel-
For Students in Business Education:
Clyde Blanchard, editor of The Bus-
iness Education World, will discuss
trends and developments in businesh
education in Rm. 2015 UHS, at 1
o'clock on Friday, July 21. All per-
sons interested in business education
are invited to attend the meeting.
J. M. Trytten
July 25: Professor Preston W. Slos-
son. "Interpreting the News." 4:10
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Dr. Jose Perdomo of Colombia will
lecture in Spanish on "Colombia-
Donde Empieza Sur America." Wed-

A LITTLE SMILE began to curl on
my face five minutes after "The
Learned Ladies" got under way last
night at The Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. The smile was fixed there
until the third act when it expanded
into a big, wide laugh.
For, in the third act of this very
funny play George Hale made hisap-
pearance in the role of Trissoten-a
and stole the show. He gesticulateds
expansively, he grimaced, he exudeds
foppish effeminacy. He was tl:e cox-s
comb as Moliere must have imaginedt
Hale's very appearance occasion-.
ed laughter, which was only hush-c
ed in order to savor the jibes att
pedantry that ensued in this scene.1
Gathered about him were Armand
and Henriette-a study in anti-1
thesis, Belise and her sister Phil-
aminte, both gushing rhapsodic-
ally. Henriette, played ingatiat-1
ingly by Eleanor Huchison, alone
remains aloof from the affectationst
of learning that are presently par-
Trissoten begins to recite a sonnet,
and the peak of humor is reached as
he wades and waves and dips
through the poem. This satire
was tossed in. It is superfluous to
the plt. But, it is a precious take-
off on academic foibles which prevail:
as much today (even at the Univer-;
sity of Michigan) as in the days of
Louis Quatorze.1
The universal implications be-
neath the humor of "The Learned
nesday, July 26, Kellogg Auditorium,
8 p.m. Open to the general public,
without charge.
s -
July 27, Professor Shih Chia Chu:
"Cultural Relations Between China
and the West." 4:10 p.m., Rackham
July 28, Dr. Ernest J. Simmons:
"Soviet Russian Literature." 4:10
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Academic Notices
Make-Up Final Examinations in
Economics 51, 52, 53 and 54 will be
given today at 2 p.m. in Rm. 207,
Economics Building.
Visual Education Class and All
Students Enrolled in the School of
Education: Film topics for today and
tomorrow are as follows:
Thursday, July 20, 2-3: Milk and
Health, Vitamins A, B, C, D (4 half
reels). 3-4: Handle with Care (2
reel), Care of Teeth.
Friday, July 21, 2-3: American
Spoken Here, Lady or the Tiger, Man
Who Changed the World. 3-4: Tell
Tale Heart (2 reel), A Way in the
Make-up examinations in History
will be given on Friday, July 28, from
3-5 in Rm. C, Haven Hall. All stu-
dents wishing to take such an exami-
nation should consult with their ex-
aminers by Monday, July 24.
Faculty Recital: The second in the
series of three sonata recitals to be
presented by faculty members, Mabel
Ross Rhead, pianist, and Gilbert
Ross, violinist, will be held in the
lecture hall of the Rackham Build-
ing this evening at 8:30 p.m.
The program will be devoted to the
music of Mozart and Beethoven. The
public is cordially invited to attend
without charge.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert will be held in the
Men's Lounge of the Rackham Build-
ing at 7:45 p.m. The program will
consist of some new records which
have been purchased recently in an-
swer to numerous requests: Mozart's
"Divertimento in E Flat Major," "The
Wayfaring Stranger" by Ives Burl,

the "Surprise" Symphony of Haydn,
and Enesco's Roumanian Rhapsody
No. 1 and 2. Graduates and service-
men are cordially invited.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
an all Russian program on Friday,
July 21, at 7 p.m. Mr. Price will play
old Russian airs, piano pieces by
Borodin, Tchaikovsky and Rach-
maninoff, and will conclude the re-
cital with songs of theRed Army.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price will
play the music of Handel, Verdi and.
a group of original compositions at
his recital on Sunday, July 23, at
3 p.m.
Exhibitions, College of Architec-
ture and Design:
"Look at your Neighborhood";
circulated by Museum of Modern
Art; consisting, of drawings, photo-
graphs, and plans illustrating hap-
hazard building and need for good
planning. South end of downstairs
corridor, Architecture Building.
Student work continued on dis-
lav. Ground floor cases. Architec-

Ladies" belie the seriousness impli-
cit in all the work France's master
satirist produced. It stings and it
singes, as it twits man, or in this
case, woman, for his frailties, his
cant, his foolish bragaddocio.
HOWEVER, the dangers of trans-
posing the witticisms of one age
and language into another idiom ae
serious. A certain windiness, for in-
stance was evident in the longer
speeches Clithandre (Bob Acton) had
to deliver as the passionate suitor,
and some of the puns put in the
mouth of Zeta Barbour, who other-
wise was splendid, did not exactly hit
the mark. Miss Barbour would doubt-
less have made the courtiers of Sev-
enth Century France gasp at her
interpretation of a kitchen maid
whose sauciness and realism help
save the day for Henriette and her
lover. She did it with a vivacity that
won her over to the audience each
time she appeared.
Real success for the play must
be attributed to Theodore Vieh-
man who was touted as and proved
himself to be an expert on Moliere.
The settings were not too good, but
the costumes sand make up were
Clara Behringer, doing a daft
aunt deftly - though both she
and Annette Chaikin as Ar-
mande were a bit mannered-upon
being told that she has chimeras,
giggles with joy, "I have chimeras."
-Bernard Rosenberg
Friendship, New York. Open daily
except Sunday, 2-5 and 7-10 p.m.
Michigan Historical ollections, 160
Rackham Building. The Growth of
the University of Michigan in Pic-
Legal Research Library: Fine buil-
dings by William C. Hollands. Lower
corridor cases.
Museums Building: Celluloid rep-
roductions of Michigan fish. Loaned
through the courtesy of the Institute
of Fisheries Research, Michigan De-
partment of Conservation.
Events Today
Pi Lambda Theta: Guest Recep-
tion will be held this evening at 7:30
p.m. in the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Building. All members
and guests are urged to attend the
informal meeting.
"The Learned Ladies," brilliant
satire by Moliere, will be presented by
the Michigan Repertory Players of
the Department of Speech each eve-
ning through Saturday night, July 22,
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets on sale for the balance of the
week in the Theatre box office. Box
office hours are from 10 a.m. to 8:30
Social Dancing, University Stu-
dents: A social dancing class will be
offered for University students on
Thursday evenings at 7:30 beginning
tonight. Anyone interested may reg-
ister in pffice 15, Barbour Gym. Class
will meet in Barbour Gym.
La Sociedad Hispanica: Today,
4:15 p.m., tea at the International
These gatherings give the student
a fine chane to, practice Spanish.
All interested are urged to be present
at one or all meetings.
The A..E.E. will hold its first meet-
ing of the Summer Term this eve-
ning at 7:30 p.m. in the Michigan
Union. Mr. Kenneth Moehl, an Elec-
trical Engineering staff member, will
discuss "The Wright Wind Tunnel."
Refreshments will be served and all
electrical engineers are invited to
attend this meeting.
To students and others interested
in business education: Dr. Godfrey

Dewey of New York, author of the
Script Shorthand System, will dis-
cuss problems in the development of
shorthand systems in Rm. 3002, Uni-
versity High School, at two o'clock
this afternoon. All persons interested
in business education are cordially
invited to meet Dr. Dewey and par-
ticipate in his discussion.
There will be a joint meeting of the
Men's and Women's Physical Edu-
cation Departments this evening at
7:30 in the Women's Athletic Build-
ing. Movies of the P.E.M. program
and the Women's Physical Education
program at the University of Michi-
gan will be shown.
All students, graduate or under-
graduate, in physical education and
related fields are invited,
Margaret Bell, M.D.
French Tea: Today at 4 p.m. in the
International Center.
French Club: The third meeting of
the Club will take place today, Thurs-
day, July 20, at 8 p.m. in the Michi-
gan League. Mlle. Helene de Landis
will talk on "La population francaise
sou les Nazis." Group singing and

Convention Con trasts

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, July 19--No two meet-
ings could be more unlike than the Demo-
cratic National Convention, which has gathered
in this city this week, and the Republican Na-
tional Convention, which met here just three
weeks ago.
The Republican convention was smaller, clos-
er, tighter, more harmonious. That is not to
say that at the Republican meeting a thousand
men and women of diverse views fell on each
other's necks, and called each other friend
and brother; no, the Republicans acvhieved
harmony in another way. They did it by giv-
ing the old heave-ho and bounce to those influ-
ences in the party, like Mr. Willkie, whose views
were at variance with the views of the inner
The Old Heave-Ho
The Republicans were able to hold an har-
monious meeting in Chicago because Mr. Will-'
kie was in New York; and because no men of
the Wallace persuasion existed in the Re-
publican's ranks, to trouble the even tenor of
their conservative meditations; and because
the labor movement made no serious effort to
influence Republican thinking, saving its
breath to cool its porridge.
As for what divergencies of opinion remained,
including vagrom forms of a rather bloodless
and nice-nelly internationalism, Mr. Dewey's
amiable ambiguities sufficed to bind up 4 all
wounds, most of the wounds being surface
scratches, anyway. At the Republican meeting,
fewer and fewer men agreed on less and less;
the product was harmony, but it was achieved
as the result of excision, exclusion, reduction and
With or Without a Shirt
The Democratic convention is, on the surface,
much less harmonious than the Republican,
because the Democratic party is bigger, and
more varied; it casts a broader net, and brings
up more strange fish. One can almost see the
difference between the two parties physically,
in the lobbies of Chicago's hotels. The Repub-

licans were much more alike, -in actual ap-
But the press has long ago learned that any-
body at all may turn up at a Democratic con-
vention, with or without a shirt. The Demo-
cratic party is such a big, stewing mixture
that it can't give anybody the bounce. The
Democratic party cannot ignore the labor
movement, which is so large a part of its
strength in the big cities of the North, and,
increasingly, in the big cities of the South,
too. And it dares not ignore the old-line
conservative Democratic organizations of the
South, which, not so long ago, were almost all
there was of the Democratic party.
The Republican convention was in the nature
of a meeting of men and women who had come
together because they agreed. The Democratic
convention is more of the order of a meeting of
men and women who have come together to see
whether they can possibly get along.
In the Same Room
Harmony is therefore harder to achieve among
the Democrats. By the same token, it is some-
what more meaningful if it is achieved, and
richer in its promise of the possibility of unity
for the country as a whole. The thing about
the Democratic convention, which was not true
of the Republican convention, is that here we
have liberalism and conservatism sitting in the
same room; and not mild varieties, but the gen-
uine, tough, hard, hair-on-the-chin, blood-in-
the-eye articles.
If these schools of thought can come to
some accomodation among themselves, and
walk out of the room as passing-good friends,
that will tell us something about the possi-
bilities of accomodation in the American way
of life.
The importance of that demonstration is not
to be overlooked, even though a few of the dele-
gates may detach themselves from the main
body and spend the week hooting and whistling
in the alley outside, and scrawling short, bad
words on the wall.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)

- _ --

Yes. if you wont a thing done

By Crockett Johnson

I Yes. An easy voyage for one 1

And lnever told you, did

Mab yo a borrow oel

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