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August 20, 1944 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-20

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

"r ,Mid iu 1at Ill
Fifty-Fourth Year

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND
Formalities Slow Parley

oLetter.,

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Edited and managed by students of the University
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
Student Publications.

Editorial -Staff

e Farrant.
by Ann Koffman
a Wallace
ilc Mantho
Weiss

Managing Editor
. . Editorial Director
. . . City Editor
S . . Sorts Editor
* , Women's Editor

.
.

Business Staff
Business Manager

e Amer

Telephone 23-24-1'

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NIGHT EDITORS: PETERSON AND SISLIN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

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y,> l
-'3
"_. . . .r.. . . . : .- m
Which Chair?

By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON -The four-power
conference opening at Dumbar-
ton Oaks this week holds more prom-
ise for making this "the war to end
wars" than any event since Versaill-
es. But it starts with two strikes
against it; will have very tough sled-
ding.
Strike No. 1 is Dewey's blast
against the conference.
Cordell Hull, it is true, has not suf-
ficiently consulted smaller nations.
But conscientiously, sincerely, belat-
edly, he is trying to carve out an in-
ternational machine to keep the
peace after the war.
He began late, was pushed into it
by men like Sumner Welles, Rep. Ful-
bright and the B2 H2 Senators. Nev-
erthless, Mr. Hull is now in deadly
earnest, should be given a chance to
do his best without too much political
boat-rocking,
Strike No. 2 is old-fashioned su-
perficial diplomacy, which puts
more emphasis on picayune for-
malities than on heading off the
possibility that the youth of the
world may go to war again.
Already the old-fashioned diplom -
ats have begun jockeying. Russia had
felt that a conference of this kind
was so important, it should be han-
dled by the top men of the world-
Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin. Secre-
tary Hull, however, wanted it to be
a conference of Foreign Ministers,
somewhat like that which he attend-
ed in Moscow last fall. In the end,
since Stalin, Roosevelt, et al., are
not doing the job the Russians will
be represented by a virtual diplo-
matic messenger, Soviet Ambassador
Gromyko, already stationed in Wash-
ington.
Prior to this, the Chinese were to
be represented by one of their lead-
ing diplomats, Victor Hu, long-time
Chinese delegate to the League of
Nations. But when they heard the
Russians would only be represented
by Gromyko, the Chinese decided also
to be represented by their Ambassa-
dor in Washington. In other words,
they didn't want to play the confer-
ence up one diplomatic notch higher
'than the Russians.
As a result of this jockeying, the
State Department feels that Secre-
tary Hull, being a Foreign Minister
should not deal with lesser lights
across the same table, that this

should be done by Undersecretary of
State Ed Stettinius. Hull, therefore,
will make speeches at the opening
and closing of the conference but will
not be active in the day-to-day ses-
sions, where the real peace plan will
be born.
NOTE-On the desk which the Un-
dersecretary of State. will use at
Dumbarton Oaks, home of Ambassa-
dor Robert Woods Bliss, young Stett-t
inius found this card: "Trust in Allah
but tie your camel. Mildred and Rob-
ert W. Bliss".
RUSSIAN PEACE PLAN
ACTUALLY, the Russians are re-
ported to have prepared a broad
plan for future peace machinery, not
too far out of line with British-Am-
erican ideas.
They are reported to believe: (1)
that the four big powers must be
responsible for keeping the peace
(regardless of Governor Dewey);
(2) that the Big Four should com-
prise a council similar to the Lea-
gue's Council; (3) that the small-
er nations should be members of an
assembly holding meetings for con-
sultation; (4) that the Big Four
should maintain a punitive air
force which could strike at any
country which tried to, upset the
peace of the world.
Chief debate probably will hinge on
an international police force. Roose-
velt has come out against such a
force. The Democratic platform at
Chicago straddled the issue. Wendell
Willkie is for such a force.
Instead of an international police
force, Roosevelt propses that the Big
Four should keep their own individu-
al armies and navies and use them
to subdue an aggressor nation. Only
trouble is that, when the French and
some British proposed doing this
against Germany when Hitler invad-
ed the Rhineland in 1936, the British
would not use their army to support
the French. Shortly there after, Hit-
ler overran Europe.
This all-important point probably
will be merely explored at Dumbarton
Oaks. Final decision will be passed on
to Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, with
the U. S. Senate and the November
election wielding a potent power in
the background.
(Copyright 1944, by United Features
Syndicate, Inc.)

27o 271w 6jior
High Schools ...
CAMPUS must supply 450 donors.
These words headed an article
directed at us students. It has pro-
voked me and I am sure that many
others have had the same reaction, to
demand of the editors "Why a
Must?"---- or perhaps to demand
more justifiably of ourselves "Why
did they have tossay Must?"
To the students of the University
of Michigan:
Haven't we done our part in past
blood banks?
The quota is 450 donors. Let's give
them a thousand if they'll take it,
What do they think that we have
in oidr veins that they have the right
to say "must". Let's show them.
Let's cross out that must with
blood.
-George W. Morley

Disabled Veterans Need Understanding

'OME months ago it might have been prema-
ture to discuss the position of the veterans
of this war in society. Our broad program for
veteran aid and rehabilitation was in the talk-
ing stage and few problems could be clearly seen
for there were only a scattered handful of disV
charged servicemen back in the states.
But now a crisis is developing in the veterans
program and their attempts to re-adjust to civ-
ilian life, and the burden of error is clearly on
the shoulders of the American civilian popula-
tion.
On the basis of the rather unwholesome ex-
perience of handling the problems of the
veterans arising out of the last war, the
American people were bent upon a sane prog-
ram for the discharged servicemen and it has
been conceded that our present legislation,
both federal and state, is adequate on paper to
give the veterans "a square deal".
As the veterans have put it "we want to be
considered on the same plane with the rest of
the civilian population. We are not interested in
being singled out and made spectacles".
These boys are sincere in their belief. They for
the most part look at what service they have
rendered their country in battle as the natural
cOurse of things. We are in this war, they say,
and what we did had to be done. Anyone in our
place would have done the same. We were fight-
ing to save our country, our homes, our loved
ones and to make some kind of sense out of this
messed-up world.
LET me tell you a story about one boy which
will serve to forcefully put the point across.
This fellow was a top sergeant in the infantry,
saw action throughout the Mediterranean thea-
tre, and suffered severe battle wounds.
He was patched up overseas and sent back to
the States to recover before discharge. He suff-
ered lacerations of the head and face, his lower
lip was replaced by plastic surgery, and he had
an artificial leg made for him. He was taught to
walk, and to make the best use of his available
talent: He was given hope and encouragement at
the rehabilitation hospital and was sent into
civilian life in high spirits.
Using a cane and with a patch over his
face, he arrived in downtown Philadelphia and
the trouble began. A woman saw him, scream-
ed "my boy, my boy, will he come back like
that." She fainted, a crowd gathered and
people began whispering about the "poor dis-
abled veteran".
That incident broke down the entire mental
reserve that had taken 10 hard weeks to build
up. The kid was lost, he wondered if people
would respect him, look at him as an equal. This
wdian's actions spelled an emphatic NO, he be-
came mentally upset, and ended up back in the
hospital begging the attendants to keep him
there.
The long painful process of re-adjusting him
had to begin all over again and the second time
it took not 10 weeks but 18 weeks and half the
battle of makitig him a useful citizen had been
lost in the one split second in downtown Phila-
delphia.
Another case. A boy who had seen all kinds of
hell in the South Pacific. He lost the sight of
both eyes and was destined to use a cane for the
rest of his life. When he was walking down the
street people began whispering, asking how his
wife could endure leading him around. "She
ought to detach herself from that wreck and go
her own way".
What happened to this boy is obvious. When
+nk-M, a1, ivexnder1 nity to him he be-

i

THESE STORIES could be multiplied by the
hundreds, but they all point to the same
thing. Why people are not intelligent enough to
look at a veteran sensibly, help him when neces-
sary but not make him feel self-conscious is a
problem that will have to be solved NOW before
the great bulk of the servicemen return.k
If we don't find the right way of looking at
the veteran, the whole nation might find itself in
more serious internal difficulties than the whole
war has brought. This is a very trying but press-
ing problem that we have not yet come to re-
cognize, but we must recognize it if we WANT
OUR OWN HOUSE IN ORDER BEFORE WE
ATTEMPT TO CLEAN UP THE WORLD.
(On Wednesday the perplexing problem of
the economic adjustment of the veteran will
be discussed. Demobilization, getting jobs, and
economic security are vital issues that await
adjustment).
That in part explains the veteran's sense of
modesty. He did his job and now he wants to
forget the hate and horrors and death he has
seen. Those things only weaken a man's mind
and he wants that part of his life let alone, for-
gotten in detail and only remembered for the
principle to which his efforts were dedicated.
Psychologists have toyed with this problem
and the only conclusion that has made sense is
to gear a veteran program aimed at reshaping
a man's mind torn in battle and re-making
him for a useful civilian life.
In line with this policy the services have foll-
owed a program whereby a man is given a re-
habilitation period while recovering' from his
wounds before he is discharged. They try to
make him gain self-confidence to plan for the
future, and to have hope.
Reports from military hospitals have been en-
couraging. Men with amputated arms and legs,
disfigured faces, lost vision and many other
varieties of battle wounds have been given a new
lease on life, have been made to understand
while convalescing that their own happiness lies
with them and that people outside will co-
operate.
But then what has happened when these fell-
ows return to civilian life after they are dis-
charged? The results have been appalling and
most of us care to contemplate.
-Stan Wallace

.0 .0
Dominic Says
RELIGIOUS education of children released
from the public school brings to the fore a
score of basic issues in democracy. Can democ-
racy progress without a genuine Christian ethic
at its heart? Can Christianity perform its demo-
cratic function by means of a church indifferent
to the ethics Jesus practiced and slow to teach
the central cutting truths of the New Testament
and the later Hebrew prophets? An institutional
isolation of our religion to Sunday and the tend-
ency to confine our study of the Judao-Christian
ethic to sermons, formal worship and a vague
loyalty to the Church or Bible, are trends which
threaten to scrap the American Church.
There is a wide divergence among church
scholars, social scientists, religious educators,
political leaders and business advisers, as to
the solution of such distressing issues as Black
Market, party racketeering, business double-
dealing as to OPA, war contracts and profits
at the expense of a government at war or
approaching reconversion and the tendency on
the part of publicists to misrepresent labor,
or drive a wedge between soldier and worker;
but there is no difference of opinion as to the
common need of down-right integrity on the
part of every citizen during war and peace
planning.
The religious man will go one step farther and
demand of every one who professes Christ, that
he go the second mile. It is this goodness for
God's sake and Man's future, regardless, which
causes Christianity to be the heart of the Demo-
cratic state.
"And if any man will sue thee at the law, and
take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also".
(Matt. 5:40.) "And whosoever shall compel thee
to go a mile, go with him twain". (Matt. 5:41.)
The Golden Rule is the point: "Therefore all
things whatsoever ye would that men should do
to you, do ye even so to them; for this is the law
and the prophets". (Matt. 7:12.)
Religious education of the children on week
days, a hint that religion is not just a formal af-
fair for Sunday, must become a penetrative re-
examination of every custom, every prestige,
every business transaction or agreement, every
social practice, every business code, every pro-
fessional usage in the light of Jesus' rare mind,
according to the test tube thoroughness of our
scientific period and for the glory of God.
-Edward W. Blakeman,
Counselor in Religious Education

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 2)
will devote his Sunday afternoon
carillon recital to the music of Bach
and Mozart.aThetprogram will, be
given on Aug. 20 at 3 p.m.
The University Summer Session
Band, William D. Revelli, Conductor,
presents and outdoor concert on Sun-
day evening, Aug. 20, 7:30 p.m. on
steps of Rackham Building.
The program will be as follows:
National Anthem; March-"El Cab-
allero", Joseph Olivadoti; Panis An-
gelicus, Cesar Franck; March-"The
Footlifter", Henry Fillmore (Con-
ducted by William D. Revelli); Mala-
guena, Ernesto Lecuona; On the
Hudson, Edwin Franko Goldman
(Conducted by Mr. Leonard Mer-
etta).
Symphonic Episodes, Felix Fou-
drain; Child Prodigy, Morton Gould
(Piano Soloist-Miss Helen Francis,
Conducted by Mr. William Fitch;
March-"Love's Own Sweet Song",
Kalman (from operetta "Sari");
Overture Militaire, Haydn-Skornika;
March-"The Stars and Stripes For-
ever," John Phillip Sousa.
Opentto the public. In case of in-
clement weather, concert will be
played in Hill Auditorium.
Student Recital: On Tuesday eve-
ning, Aug. 22, at 8:30, the School of
Music will present a program of
string quartet music, given by the
students of Mr. Gilbert Ross's String
Quartet Class. The program will in-
clude chamber music by Mozart,
Beethoven and Schubert. The public
is cordially invited to attend the
recital which will be given in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Choral Union Concerts: The Uni-
versity Musical Society announces
the following concert attractions for
the University year 1944-1945:
Helen Traubel, Soprano- Satur-
day, Nov. 4, 8:30 p.m.; Cleveland
Orchestra, George Szell, Guest Con-
ductor-Sunday, Nov. 12, 7 p.m.
(This concert will be broadcast over
the Mutual System and by short
wave); Fritz Kreisler, Violinist-Fri-
day, Nov. 17, 8:30 p.m.; Joseph
Lhevinne, Pianist-Monday, Nov. 27,
8:30 p.m.; Carroll Glenn, Violinist-
Tuesday, Dec. 5, 8:30 p.m.; Boston.
Symphony Orchestra, Serge Kousse-
vitsky, Conductor-Monday, Dec. 11,
8:30 p.m.; Vladimir Horowitz, Pian-
ist-Monday, January 15, 8:30 p.m.;
Dorothy Maynor, Soprano-Satur-
day, Feb. 3, 8:30 p.m..; Westminster
Choir, John Finley Williamson, Con-
ductor-Sunday, Feb. 11, 3 p.m.;
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Desire
Defauw, Conductor-Monday, March
19, 8:30 p.m.

Annual May Festival of six concerts
on May 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Orders for season tickets for the
Choral -Union Series may be mailed
or left at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Memorial
Tower, at $14.40, $12.00, $9.60 and
$7.20 each, which includes Federal
tax.
Orders will be filled in sequence,
and tickets will be mailed out early
in October.
Charles A. Sink, President
University Musical Society
.exhibitions
General Library, Main Lobby. Mod-
ern fine printing.
Museums Building: "What the Ser-
viceman May See in the Pacific
Area." (Animal Exhibits).
Clements Library: "Army News and
Views in Seven Wars." American
military publications, particularly of
the present war.
Architecture Building, First-floor
cases. Exhibitions of student work.
Michigan Historical Collections:
160 Rackham Building. The Growth
of the University of Michigan in
Pictures.
Events Today
It's an Old Ann Arbor Custom by
now, Sunday morning breakfast at
your USO. Where else on Sunday
can you get such wonderfully fresh
eggs, piping hot coffee, buttered toast
and crisp bacon? Come on over with
the rest of the gang, eat your fill and
then make yourself comfortable with
the funnies. All the comforts of home
and no dishes!
1 p.m., The weekly tour of the
world famous Willow Run bomber
plant. If you haven't seen the plant,
you know it's something not to miss.
Avail yourself of the chance while
you're here in the area. Sign up at
the USO.
2-3:30 p.m., Open house and music
hour at the USO. Refreshments, a
game of cards, ping-pong, music-
what you will. Program: Tschaikow-
sky-Symphony No. 5 in E Minor;
Brahms-Variations on a theme by
Haydn; Shostakovich- Symphony
No. 6; I Hear America Singing-
Cantata based on poems of Walt
Whitman.
'Coming Events
Since the Club wasn't being used
very much on Mondays by the men,
it has been turned over to the offi-
cers. Every Monday night is officers'
night at the USO, until further no-
tice, beginning Monday, Aug. 21.

Blood Donors . .
MR. ROSENBERG'S Pendulum is
swinging in the right direct-
ion when he criticizes certain featur-
es of American high schools. Because
of the disparagment of a liberal edu-
cation with the study of the humani-
ties and important aspects, American
students are often unfamiliar with
the very bases of Western civilization,
There is a crying need for more em-
phasis on such courses as history and
English and less emphasis on techno-
logical courses.
I also agree wholeheartedly with
Mr. Rosenberg's contention that
there has been too much democrati-
zation in the high schools. You sim-
ply cannot mass produce minds. More
attention should be paid to the sub-
typical and super-typical students.
Educational theory and practice is
aimed at the center group. This is all
right but provisions should be made
for the exceptional students. It is
wrong to standardize learning and
educational methods. Every student
is an individual, has different apti-
tudes and a different capacity. I
agree with the author that as yet
there remains much work to be done
in the field of education. The time
for optimism has not yet arrived.
-Virginia Rohr
at the weekly Sing Swing at the
USO. Gather all ye faithful warblers
and give with the ballad. Nothing
more fun than a good old fashioned
sing-and refreshments.
Sociedad Hispanica: Events for
the coming week are as follows: on
Tuesday at 8 p.m. in the League, the
last regular meeting of the session at
which Mr. Ulysses Lopez will speak
on "Costumbres Populares de Ecua-
dor" and three motion pictures,
"Buenos Dias, Carmelita," "Mexican
Moods" and "Down Where the North
Begins" (the first in Spanish, the
latter two in English and in techni-
color), will be shown under the aus-
pices of the Spanish Department;
and two conversation hours for prac-
tice in informal Spanish, on Tuesday
and Wednesday at 4 p.m. in the
League Grill Room. The evening
meeting will begin at 8 p.m., and the
audience is urged to be prompt. All
meetings of the club are open to the
public.
Churches
First Presbyterian Church, Wash-
tenaw: Sunday, 10:45 a.m., Morning
worship service. The guest preacher
will be Dr. Arthur R. Siebens of
Toledo. Subject-"Does God Still
Love His World?"
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw Avenue. Sunday at 10:15,
Student discussion group. Sunday at
11, Morning service, with Holy Com-
munion. Sermon by the Rev. Alfred
Scheips, "Christians as Trees."
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p.m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"Mind." Sunday school at 11:45 am.
The Roger Williams Guild meets
Sunday at 5 p.m. in the Guild House.
From there the group will go to
Riverside Park for an evening of
play and worship. Forest Carter will
direct the recreation and George
Doyle will lead the worship with
special music by Clothylde Read.
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley Foundation: Student class at 9:30
a.m. Subject for discussion: "The
Post-War Family." Wesleyan Guild
meeting at 5 p.m. The closing dis-
cussion on "What Should the Church
Be Doing?" Supper and fellowship
hour at 6 p.m.
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): Sunday, 10:55 a.m., Morning
worship. The Rev. Parker Rossman
will speak on the topic: "Teach Us

To Number Our Days." 4 p.m., The
Congregational-Disciples Guild will
meet at the Guild House, 438 May-
nard St., for a trip to the Arboretum
for games, a picnic supper and a
vesper service. The group will return
to the campus by 7 p.m. In case of
unfavorable weather the program
will be held inside.

University Backs Blood Bank

THE University has accepted full responsibil-
ity for Washtenaw County's entire quota of
450 donors for the September Blood Bank drive.
The success of the drive depends on the entire
campus community. Its cooperation will indicate
that it recognizes the importance of the blood
bank.
Blood plasma is a very tangible thing. It is as
important a weapon as any munition. We know
without any doubt that the blood donated is sav-
ing thousands of lives-- the lives of the men who
are winning the war.
SINCE the beginning of the Blood Banks, in
April, 1942, the University has rolled up a
record of approximately 5500 donations. The

sity to serve fully on the home front lies in the
extent to which its students, campus organiza-
tions, and faculty back the Blood Bank Drive.
-Betty Roth
Bulgaria; Axis Weak Point..
In WORLD WAR I, Bulgaria was the first of the
Central Powers to surrender. Her collapse
on Sept. 30, 1918, opened the way to the capitu-
lation of Germany, on Nov. 11. In this war,
Bulgaria again is a German ally, and again a
weak point of the coalition. Once more there
are signs that the Bulgars will be the first to give
up, for a dispatch from Ankara says it has been
"reliably learned" that they have agreed to pre-
liminary terms of surrender.
Pending official announcement, it can certain-

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