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August 20, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-20

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4 atiii

Warmer with Fresh Winds
Pretty Fair



Yank Patrols Stab

into Suburbs of Paris

,Seventh Army
Nears Marseille
Allies Outflank Toulon Naval Base,
Enter St. Maximin-Le-Ste,. Baume
By The Associated Press.
ROME, Aug. 19-Hard-driving French tanks today led the American
Seventh Army into St. Maximin-Le-Ste. Baume, only 25 miles northeast
of Marseille and 22 miles below the vital road hub of Aix-En-Provence, as
the Allies outflanked the great Toulon naval base in a broad enveloping
movement headed swiftly towards the Rhone River valley.
Less than 350 airline miles separated the forces in southern France
from those in the north as they moved rapidly ahead for a union that
would split France in two longitudinally.
Announcing the latest 10-miles-a-day gain against German opposition
that was "considerable" at some places but feeble at others, Allied head-

FDR To Send
Officials To
Confer in China
MacArthur Reports
Caroline Air Attack'
By The Associated Press
Increasing American concern in
China's long and bitter fight to re-
pel the Japanese was reflected to-
day in President Roosevelt's decis-t
ign to ditpatch two emissaries to1
China for important talks with Gen-l
eralissimo Chiang Kai Shek.
Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley, the
President's envoy on special missions
for years, and war production chiefa
Donald M. Nelson, will spend several
months discussing military, supply 1
and economic questions with the Gen-
The President said the two wouldE
leave shortly on "this important mis-
Air Attacks Reported
Further aerial attrition assaults onC
Japanese shipping in the Molucca
Straits area was reported by Gen.
Douglas MacArthur. Palau in the
Western Carolines was bombed hard.
Japan was backing up on most of
her many fronts yesterday but here
postwar planners came out neverthe-
less with a fresh plan for the "co-
prosperity of nations" as part of their
projected "new world order."
Domei News Agency said imperial
Japan, deep in deliberations on post-

quarters said the bag of captured
Germans now had passed 10,000 and
identified the second German general
captured as Gen. Ferdinand Neuling,
commander of the 62nd reserve corps.
French Drive U. S. Tanks
The French, operating new Ameri-
can-made tanks, drove intoSt. Max-
imin by leap-frogging the tired Am-
erican infantry who had carved a
path for them.
Other American forces shot out
northward to the vicinity of Grasse,
eight miles northwest of Cannes, and
La Bastide, 23 miles northwest of
Cannes, thus deepening up to 30
miles their solid foothold along more
than 50 miles of the curving French
Mediterranean shores on which they
landed Tuesday.
Germans Withdraw Rapidly
An Allied staff officer said the
Germans were withdrawing so rap-
idly that they were unable to accom-
plish their usual demolitions.
Only on the coast a dozen miles
directly east of Toulon was German
opposition described as truly deter-
The Toulon garrison, however, al-
ready was outflanked by the Ameri-
can-French drives farther north. One
of these took La Roouebrussanne, 14
miles north of Toulon, and another
Sollies-Pont, six miles northeast.
lNavy Ordered
To Take Over

Two Russian
Armies Take
80 Localities
Berlin Reveals Red
Push Is Lithuania
By The Associated Press
FRANCE-German fleet scuttled
in Bay of Biscay. Advance Am-
erican troops reported in outskirts
of Paris. Other forces drive to
Seine. Patriot forces seize wide
area. Toulon outflanked by Allies
in south.
RUSSIA - Reds renew drive
against Warsaw. Open breach in
line near Warsaw.
PACIFIC - MacArthur reports
further assaults on Jap shipping.
Nimitz reports raids on Iwo in
Volcano Islands. Bloody battle
developing at Tenchung in China.
AIR-Allied planes hit fleeing
Nazis, pound Ploesti oil fields and
.4 . 4.,
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 19-Two powerful
Russian armies wheeling northwest-
ward between Warsaw and the lower
border of German East Prussia cap-
tured 80 localities today, and Berlin
said that other Soviet troops attack-
ing along the eastern rim of East
Prussia had punche'd out a "breach
in major depth" in western Lithuania.
The new central drive of the
Red armies was on a 100-mile
front, and the Moscow bulletin
also told of improving Russian
positions "east and northeast of
Praga," the eastern suburb of War-
West of the Vistula river, about
100 miles south of Warsaw, another
Soviet army which on Friday cap-
tured Sandomierz, rolled through
seven' more localities and tightened
its encirclement ring on three trap-
ped German divisions. Enemy for-
ces trying to break through to res-
cue the troops were beaten off with
heavy losses, the bulletin said.
Heavy German counterattacks in
the Siauliai sector of northwestern
Lithuania were also beaten off for
the second straight day, and the
Russians gained ground both in east-
ern Latvia and in the Tartu sector
of middle Estonia.
Moscow did not mention the
east border section of East Prus-
sia, where the Germans acknow-
ledged Red Army gains south of
Vilkaviskis, 11 miles from the Ger-
m:nan frontier.
But ditatches from the Soviet
capital said the people there were
waiting expectantly for announce-
ment of a crossing into Germany.
The Russians were seven miles
east of Warsaw and Berlin again
repeated that another Soviet bridge-
head beyond the Vistula had been
established in the Warka sector, only
30 miles south of Warsaw.
Nazis Remain
In Gothic Line
FLORENCE, Aug. 19.-O?)-Allied
patrols feeling out the Germans
found them sitting in their Gothic
line today and apparently deter-
mined to fight it out despite French
and American landings in southern
France which threaten to seal off
one of their best escape routes.
Allied patrols, splashing through
rain which prevented more impor-
tant operations, probed deep into
enemy positions in the upper Arno
River valley and in the Adriatic sec-

The last snipers were cleared from
the central part of Florence, but
elsewhere there was little activity.


DEMOCRATIC TICKET--Democratic nominees sit down for lunch beneath a magnolia tree on the White
House lawn at Washington, D. C., to discuss their campaign plans. Vice presidential nominee Harry
S. Truman is at left and President Roosevelt, who seeks o fourth term, is at right.


Germans May

Summer Band
Concert To Be
Outdoors Today
Revelli and Meretta
Will Conduct Program
A varied program of marches and
modern symphonic band music will
be heard at the outdoor concert of
'the University summer session band
at 7:30 p.m. today on the steps of the
Rackham Building.
Opening the program will be the
national anthem followed by "El

U.S.a Russia and Britain To
Begin Peace Conferences

war problems, planned the creation 'y The Assolated Press
of three regional blocs of nations, WASHINGTON, Aug. 19.-Presi-
East Asia, Europe and the Americas. dent Roosevelt today ordered the
"Leader Nations" for each bloc Secretary of the Navy to take over
would be responsible for promoting and operate 99 machine shop com-
the "three basic principles of neigh- panies producing war materials a-
borliness, joint defense and recipro- round San Francisco because of re-
cal economy." fusal of a union to lift an overtime
Allies Hit Volcano Islands non workers.
Tis HitaVolcanIsladsr tThe order was made public by
This came as Allied aircraft ham- the White House alone with a let-
mered Japanese defenses from the t,'r dated yesterdav from George
Volcano Islands, 750 miles from Tok- W. Taylor, vice-chairman of the
yo, deep into the Molucca Straits War Labor Board, recommending
where Gen. Douglas says enemy sup- seizure of the shops.
ply has been seriously crippled. The board previously had urged
Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported eizure of five such plants because of
bombing raids on Iwo in the Volcano the refusal of Lodge 68 of the Inter-
Islands on Wednesday while other national Association of Machinists
aircraft hit Rota and Pagan Islands to accept a board order to rescind a
in the Marianas and Truk in the Car- union action prohibiting work in ex-
olines. cess of eight hours a day or 48 hours
in one week in 104 San Francisco
Thunderbolts Fire ;hops.
Taylor said it was hoped that
New Rocket Guns seizure of the five plants, which
the President ordered Aug. 14,
would result in removal of the
A U. S. NINTH AIRFORCE ASE overtime ban on all of them but
IN FRANCE, Aug. 19-(I')-Rocket-Wbthe an was lifted only on the five
firing American Thunderbolts, as shops over which the Navy had
sensational in performance as the assumed control and continued on
RAF rocket-bearing Typhoons, have the remaining ninety-nine.
been secretly participating in recent He directed the Navy to permit the
attacks on retreating German ar- management of 'the plants to con-
mored columns, It was announced to- tinue in their present jobs "to the
night. maximum degree possible."

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 19.- The
impending political unity conference
between Secretary of State Hull and
John Foster Dulles on post-war world
security was paralleled on the inter-
national side today by word that
there are no serious obstacles to
agreement on peace organization
plans among the United States, Rus-
sia and Britain.
The international talks begin to-
morrow. No date has been set for the
Hull-Dulles meeting.
It was indicated also that agree-
ment between the United States, Bri-
tain and China in a follow-up next
month of the conference with Russia
would be speedy and effective.
Four-Power Talks To Start
Secretary Hull will open the Sov-
iet-American-British phase of the
four power talks. He is official host
to the conference, which was called
by him in accordance with the dec-
laration of Moscow to which those
three nations and China subscribed
last November.
Under that declaration, which
pledged four power collaboration in
peace as well as in war, the purpose
of the Washington meetings is to
arrive at a common statement of the
kind of world organization in which
the four leading Allied Nations will
cooperate and be willing to support.
For the United States this raises not
only the problem of making satisfac-
tory arrangements with the other
powers but also the need for working
out a system which must be accep-
table to domestic political leaders if
it is ever to become an effective force
in world affairs.
Planning To Be Bi-Partisan
To this end, Secretary Hull an-
Special Booth at Center of
Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.
to noon, 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.
Saturday, 9 a.m. to noon.
Social Director's Office in League
Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.
to noon, 1 p.m. to 2:15 p.m.
Saturday, 9 a.m. to noon.
Student Offices in Union
Monday through Friday, 3 p.m.
to 5 p.m.
Servicemen will be registered in
the East and West Quadrangles
at a time which will be announced
by their respective headquarters.I

nounced months ago that the plan-
ning for organized world security
would be on a non-partisan basis and
that as between Democrats and Re-
publicans he hoped it would have
bi-partisan support. The decision of
the Republican presidential nominee,
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, to send
Dulles as his representative in con-
ferences with Hull and Hull's accep-
tance of this arrangement won great
acclaim in diplomatic and congres-
sional circles today as a long step
toward establishing bi-partisan sup-
Senator Taft (Rep., 0.), for exam-
ple, interpreted it as having removed
basic foreign policy as "a major is-
sue" in the presidential campaign..
.Dulles Suggests
PDeace Polic
ALBANY, N. Y., Aug. 19-(/P)-John
Foster Dulles, deputized by Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey for foreign policy
consultations with Secretary of State
Hull, proposed today that the prob-
lems of policing defeated Axis coun-
tries and of maintaininglasting peace
be separated.
Meeting reporters in the Govern-
or's study of the executive mansion
with the Republican presidential
nominee sitting nearby, Dulles said
he believed difficulties of forming an
international security organization
ought not to be complicated by the
immediate problem of disarming Ger-
many and Japan and making them
unable to undertake new aggressions.
The 56-year-old New York lawyer
said that Dewey's statement of this
week in connection with the - four-
power diplomatic conference at
Washington should be interpreted as
deliniating the kind of military con-
trols which should be exercised over
Germany and Japan.
Final Performance of
Operetta Is Tomorrow
The final performance of "The
Chocolate Soldier" will be presented
jointly by the Michigan Repertory
Players of the Department of Speech
and the University Orchestra at 8:30
p. m; tomorrow at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.

Abandon City
Without Fight
U.S. Third Army
Is at Seine River
By The Associated Press
SHAEF, Aug. 20.-Speedy Ameri-
can reconnaissance patrols stabbed
nearly into the suburbs of Paris yes-
terday and columns of the American
Third Army reached the Seine River
25 miles west of the French capital
as the Allies fashioned a tremendous
knockout blow against the German
armies in France.
Explosions and fires shook and
seared Paris as the Germans appar-
ently hastened ruthless demolitions
preparatory to abandoning the city
without a fight,
Swiss Say Yanks in Paris
The Swiss radio said American
forces already were in the Paris
suburbs. Allied sources did not cop?-
firm this, but they put patrols of
Lt,-Gen. George S. 'Patton's Army
very near, and truck-borne dough-
boys were shouting, "Paris next"
Destruction of the German army,
not the immediate liberation of
Paris, remained the Allied goal, and
this was speeding on.
The Falaise gap, where much of
the German Seventh Army was de-
stroyed in a week of siege, finally wa
sealed off entirely, and the fleeing
enemy remnants that raced away
from it under the worst aerial scoer-
ing in history found onlythat they
had run into a bigger trap against
the meandering and bridgeless Seine.
While latest reports here put the
Americans only at unspecified dis-
tances a few hundred yards from the
Seine in the Mantes area, the Gr-
man communique acknowledged that
Patton's forward elements already
had fought to both Mantes and Ver-
non, 30 and 45 miles downstream
from Paris.
Trap Threatens Germans
This would envelop the 'Germans
in an area roughly 55 miles square
between the Seine, the sea, the Brit-
ish and Canadians and the Ameri-
cans, with a perilous crossing of the'
river as their only hope of escape.
Front line dispatches passed by
field censors said flatly that the Ger-
mans in France had been beaten and
that the Americans could advance
on Paris anytime they wanted to.
instead of doing so at once, they
apparently chose for the second time
in ten days to let that glittering prize
dangle for a time while they sought
out and slew more Germans.
Prof. Lange To~
Talk on Soviet-w1
Polish Relations
Prof. Oscar R. Lange, who return-
^d recently from a trip to the USSR
where he conferred with Stalin,
Molotov, and other high officials on
Soviet-Polish relations, will speak at
4:10 p. m. tomorrow in the Rackham
Amphitheater on "Soviet Russia and
World Politics."
Visiting Russia shortly after Path-
fr Stanislaus Orlemanski returned,
Professor Lange toured several of the
more recently developed Soviet Re-
gions and inspected the battlefronts.
His visit to the fronts included an
inspection of the Polish army unit
under Gen. Berling now fighting in
Tells of Soviet-Polish Relations
Following his return, Professor
Lange cited numerous evidences to
reporters of the amicable intentions
of the Soviet government toward the

A member of the economics faculty
at the University of Chicago, Lange
lectured at this University during
1936. He has been associated also
with Columbia, Stanford and the
University of California.
Born in Poland, he attended the
University of Poznan, receiving his
master's degree at Kracow and his
doctor's degree at London. He be-
gan his academic career at the Uni-
versity of Kracow in 1931 and came
to the United States in 1935 on a
Rockefeller fellowship.
Has Done Economic Research
He is a research associate of the
Cowles Commission for Economic Re-
search at the University of Chicago,
a member of the American Econom-

Caballero" by Olivadoti, "Panis An-
gelicus," by Franck, and "The Foot-
lifter" by Fillmore. The numbers will
be conducted by Prof. William D.
Revelli of the School of Music, who
also leads the University marching
Lucuona's "Malaguena" and "On
the Hudson" by Goldman will be
played by the band under the baton
of Leonard Meretta. "Symphonic
Episodes" by Felix Foudrain will also
be presented.
Miss Helen Francis will be the
piano soloist in Morton Gould's
"Child Prodigy" and William Fitch
will conduct.
The selection, "Love's Own Sweet
Song," from Kalman's operetta
"Sari," will be given in the modern
concert band arrangement. "Over-
ture Militaire" by Haydn-Skornika
and "The Stars and Stripes Forever"
by America's famous band composer
and conductor, John Phillip Sousa,
will conclude the program.
The public is invited to the con-
cert. ! In case of rain it will be held
in Hill Auditorium.

While many details of the new!
weapon still have not been announc-
ed it can be stated that they throw JLO
a highly explosive armor-piercing
rocket that will split the toughest
Nazy tank in half from either a high
or low level.
Jenkins Dies Int'h
B 41 of his t
B-4 Bomber Crash actuall
this wa
Harvey D. Jenkins, 26, of 514 a wou
Washingtop, Ann Arbor, flight engi- battlef
neer of a four-engine B-24 bomber, return
was killed yesterday when the Lib- month
erator he was aboard exploded and oversea
crashed three miles north of Almont, Tha

cal Veteran Relates Importance of Blood Transfusions to Combatants

en somebody donates a pint
blood to the Red Cross, he is
ly giving part of himself to
ar, is putting himself next to
ended soldier or sailor on the
ield, and is saving a life," a
ed veteran who has seen 19
s of active duty here and
as stated yesterday.
t was the reaction of one

has asked to be just GI Joe. Here
is his story as he told it.
"My leg was shattered by a bomb
explosion and I lay there on the
field dazed and shocked into in-
sensibility from the intense pain.
I was immediately given two trans-
fusions at the hospital and received
nine more in the next three weeks.
"Blood for me in those early
hours meant my life. I was so
tuoal T ha fn avn a ninf ,.car

GI received blood from his fel-
low soldiers for at that time civil-
ian supply was not sufficient to be
everywhere at all times, he went on
to say. "Those boys in the hospital
who themselves were recovering
from wounds and who had been
saved by other blood plasma help-
ed me out.
"When blood comes into you, you
begin to feel life itself coming
harl Vnii. PVPC hniin fn fnema

through your veins makes you
want to get up out of bed and do
a million things.
"Before they give you the blood,
you feel lost, almost gone. You are
tired, weak and irritable and I felt
like throwing things at anybody
who wanted even to help me.
"Boys are being hurt both in the
States and overseas every minute
and1 as the temno of hattle auick-

life to someone back home when
he gets a transfusion.
"On the field, resistance is the
only, thing vitally essential at the
very outset. When a fellow re-
ceives that blood, he knows that
the folks back home are with him
all the way and his spirit livens.
When a boy knows that everything
is handy in case he is hurt, blood
ande xnprt medical attention. he


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