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August 18, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-18

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Fair and Continued
Cool Today


VOL. LIV No. 33-S



Yanks Advance



Miles of Paris

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Five Road Centers Seized in New Inva




7th Army
into Alps
Yank Penetration
Nears Naval Base
By The Associated Press
FRANCE-Germans report Al-
lies 22 miles from Paris. Forces in
south move 30 miles inland. Re-
ports of landing in Albania. Pos-
sible assault on Toulon. Aerial
warfare heavy. '
RUSSIA-Reds on pre-war Ger-
man soil for first time.
PACIFIC-Bombing continues on
island bases. Miti airdrome, north
Halmahera island, hit again.
By The Associated Press
ROME, Aug. 17-Surging forward
on a great 30-mile arc deep in south-
ern France, the American Seventh
Army today seized five important
road centers deep behind the origi-
nal beachheads, and forward ele-
ments plunged more than 30 miles
into the Maritime Alps in the drive
to join with Allied forces in north-
ern France.
Along the coast the invasion ar-
mies drove through La Napoule, a
village only four miles southwest of
LONDON, Friday, Aug. 18-(P)-
The Ankara radio said today "Al-
lied forces have landed at Durazzo
in Albania."
The report was without Allied
confirmation, although the Turk-
ish broadcast said it was quoting
a special Allied Mediterranean ra-
dio bulletin.
the famous resort town of Cannes,
Allied headquarters announced late
Seize Large Coastal Strip
Maj. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's
troops had seized a coastal strip ex-
tending almost to Toulon on the west
to Cannes on the east today, and it
was possible that already the as-
sault on Toulon had begun.
Headquarters said the opposition
thus far encountered in southern
France consisted of elements of two
German divisions. About 40 per cent
of the enemy holding the assault area
were battalions composed mostly of
Russian war prisoners, Czechs and
Poles, under German officers, and
headquarters said "their combat effi-
ciency and morale is not high."
The main assault of the Seventh
Army was made in the boundary area
between the two divisions holding the
region where the landings were made,
and "this factor together with the
preliminary bombing contributed to
the enemy's confusion," headquarters
French Groups Aid Drive
French resistance groups have con-
tributed largely to the success of the
American drive by supplying infor-
mation on German dispositions, the
Allied command announced.
An official Allied announcement,
which likely was behind frontline de-
velopments, said today that invasion
forces were 10 miles from Toulon and
10 miles from Cannes.
They had driven inland through the
Argens Valley and along the main
road and rail lines leading to Mar-
seilles, chief seaport of France.
The invasion was firmly establish-,
ed on a 500-square-mile segment 'of
the French Riviera. A continuous
stream of reinforcements, supplies

the beachhead was expanding steadily.
New Members of
Council Announced
New freshman and sophomore class
representatives to the Engineering
Council were announced by President
Chuck Walton following the elec-
tionnsthis week.

Campus Must Supply 450 Donors

< >


East Prussian Border
Reached by Red Army
Jewish General Leads Invaders in
Surge by White Russian Tank Troops


By The Associated Press

LONDON, Aug. 18, Friday-Rus-
sian troops for the first time in 30
years carried -war to the German
border yesterday, smashing across a
battlefield littered with Nazi dead,
burned-out tanks and battered gun
platforms and reaching the East
Allied Bombers
Strike Aoain
At Hahnahera
23 Japanese Planes
Wrecked in U.S. Raid
By The Associated Press
Friday-A sizeable force of Allied
heavy and medium bombers smashed
tons of bombs Wednesday on Miti
airdrome, northern Halmahera is-
land, in the most concentrated as-
sault yet delivered against any single
point in this area.
Twenty-three parked planes were
destroyed or damaged during the
raid, as Allied planes continued at-
tacks which the communique said
rapidly were "reducing the enemy's
potential strength in the Molucca
Bombers Leave Fires
Large fires were started in person-
nel and suply areas adjacent to Miti,
one of the key Japanese airfields on
Halmahera, southern guardian of the
Philippines. Liberators and Mitchells
roared over the island in mid-morn-
ing, but no Japanese planes arose.
Anti-aircraft fire was reported.
This was the fourteenth raid re-
ported in August communiques on
Halmahera, approximately 300 miles
south of Mindanao, main island in
the southern Philippines.
Nimitz Forecasts Blows
A war of trip-hammer blows from
mighty American forces based in the
strategic Marianas Islands is the
outlook for Japan.
It will be a non-stop affair, says
Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, speaking
from Pearl Harbor, and the thrusts
in variousrdirections will be impelled
by ''powerhouse tactics."
Foreseeing rapid transfer of rein-
forcements from the European thea-
tre because of the favorable situa-
tion there, Nimitz nevertheless made
it clear there would be no period of
waiting in the Pacific.
Summer Prom
Will Be Held at
Union Today
Students will dance to the music
of Ralph Wilson's band at the Sum-
mer Prom, the only all-campus dance
of the semester, from 8:30 to 11:30
p. m. today in the Union Ballroom.
For the semi-formal dance Army
and Navy personnel will be granted
midnight liberty, which they must
show their dance tickets to obtain.
There are a few tickets left, which
may be purchased today at the Union
main desk as long as they last.
Sponsors of the dance are the
Bomber ScholarshipCommittee and
Junior Girls Project. Because the
proceeds will go into war bonds for
the bomber-scholarship fund, the
dance serves the dual purpose of pro-
viding recreation for summer stu-
dents and servicemen and increasing
the fund.
Members of the summer Bomber
Scholarship Committee are Jim Plate,
chairman Glen White, financial

Prussian frontier along the Szes-
zuppe Rivver in western Lithuania.
Led by Gen. Ivan Cherniakhovsky,
37-year-old Jewish tank expert and
youngest full general in the Red
Army, this historic honor achieved
after months of gruelling campaign-
ing fell to the Third White Russian
Batter Powerful Defenses
Moscow's midnight bulletin said
the Red Army battered down "pow-
erfully built defenses" in order to
reach the frontier, and wiped out
isolated German troops pinned a-
gainst the river.
The Russian communique men-
tioned heavy German resistance,
supported by tanks and artillery, and
said the enemy was launching con-
stant counterattacks with supporting
fire from "heavy catapult appli-
ances." This was believed to mean
platforms for rocket guns.
The enemy still was hurling in
reserves from Heinrich Himmler's
German Home Army, ordering them
to "fight to the death" to protect the
"holy soil" of Germany, Moscow said.
In one area the Russians wiped
out 1,000 Germans yesterday and
blew up 60 tanks and self-propelled
guns, the bulletin said.
Are Near Schirwindt
The Russians apparently surged
onto the frontier in the area of
Schirwindt, German border town 42
miles southeast of Tilsit, east Prus-
sian rail center, and 90 miles east of
Konigsberg, east Prussian capital.
The Szeszuppe River flows north-
ward along the frontier from Schir-
windt, and at one point is only about
30 miles east of Tilsit. It flows into
Schirwindt from the east.
Thisrperil to East Prussia, cradle
of German militarism, highlighted
all the action along the eastern
front,but other Soviet armiesewhich
had broken across the Vistula River
in central Poland 110 miles south of
Warsaw also captured 20 localities in
their fan-like sweep.
Wavell Refuses
To See Gandhi
Will Support War if
Granted Independence
NEW DELHI, Friday, Aug. 18-
(P)-Field Marshal Lord WavellQ the.
Viceroy of India, has rejected a re-
quest for an interview by Mohandas
K. Gandhi, who offered to urge full
nationalist support of the war ef-
fort if India be granted immediate
independence, it was announced to-
The viceroy said that because of
their sharp differences nothing could
be gained by such a meeting now,
but he added that he would be glad
to consider any "definite and con-
structive policy."
An exchange of letters between
Lord Wavell and the aged Indian
nationalist leader made public to-
day disclosed that Gandhi sought a
conference July 17.

University To
Fill County's
Entire Quota
Washtenaw County's entire quota
of 450 donors for the September
Blood Bank must be filled by Univer-
sity personnel; Sandy Perlis, USNR,
chairman of the drive, announced
"The success of the drive will de-
mand the full support of the cam-
pus," Perlis said, "because the Uni-
versity has been assigned its biggest
quota since the beginning of the
Blood Bank drives." He stressed par-
ticularly that in order to overcome
the effects of the reduced summer
enrollment, the campus community
must respond wholeheartedly.
Registration Next Week
A Blood Bank booth at the center
of the Diagonal will be provided Aug.
21 through Aug. 26, to register don-
ors. It will be open from 9 a. m. to
noon and from 1 to 2:15 p. m. Mon-
day through Friday and from 9 a. m.
to noon on Saturday.
During the registration period,
facilities will also be provided in the
Social Director's Office in the League
and from 3 p. m. to 5 p. m. in the
student offices of the Union. Ser-
vicemen will be registered in the
East and West Quadrangles at a
time which will be announced by
their respective headquarters.
Previous Quotas Filled
Previous quotas have been filled
and exceeded during the fall and
spring semesters. This demonstrates,
Perlis said, that the student body
recognized the importance of the
Blood Bank. "Just as it has been
necessary to increase our expedition-
ary force as the fronts expanded,
with the need for blood plasma grow-
ing proportionately, it is necessary
to fill and go beyond an increased
quota," he said.
The mobile unit will be stationed
at the Women's Athletic Building
Sept. 14 and 15. During those two
days donors will be excused from
class the hour of their appointment.
Absence for Blood Bank will be ex-
cused by the signature of the ap-
pointment card by Assistant Dean
E. A. Walter of the literary college
and Dean Ivan C. Crawford of the
engineering school.
Consent Needed For Youths
Persons who are under 21 years
old must have the consent of their
parents in order to become blood
donors, according to Red Cross.
Eight weeks must lapse between an
individual's blood donations, so per-
sons who gave blood in the August
blood bank will be ineligible for the
forthcoming bank. Persons who
have given blood previously are re-
quested by the Red Cross to bring
their blood donorcertificate with
them to the Blood Bank.
New Membership Cards
Are Ready at Union Now
Union members are notified that
their blue membership card, good
last semester, is now void, and new
ones must be obtained for the pres-
ent term.
The new white cards will be issued
at the student office in the Union
from 3 to 5 p.m. every day. The
cashier's receipt must be shown when
application for a new card is made.

-e VREUX Mant
tan Veneul Versailles0
CNAR @E Etampos
iEN~bN "Font'ai nebleau
Nogent 1
E Vendome
Loir R
e Blois Chambord ' i
TOURS 'Chaumont
0 o 25
'4.. > CLoches . AUT MILS
point toward the path of the Al-
lied drive to Paris following the
capture of Dreux, Chartres and
Orleans by Patton's hard-driving
tank force.
Vichy French
Paris Gay as .
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 17-Swiss reports
said tonight that most members of
the Vichy government had fled to
Berlin, leaving 5,000 mobile guards-
men of doubtful loyalty guarding
the panicky "Laval-Petain capital"
menaced by Allied liberating armies
and a multitude of patriots storm-
ing ahead of them.
The Maquis resistance groups
and others began a systematic de-
struction of German and Vichy de-
fenses in France-derailing trains,
surrounding isolated German gar-
risons in southern France and
along the Swiss frontier, cutting
down notorious Axis sympathizers
on their "black lists," and in gen-
eral moving in well-defined courses
laid out by Allied chieftains.
A dispatch to Der Bund, Bern
newspaper in Switzerland, told of
the flight out of Vichy by French
cabinet ministers, but no specific in-
formation was given regarding Pier-
re Laval, chief of government, nor of
Marshal Henri Petain, the chief of
state who took over when it appeared
War Veterans
To Meet Today
More than 75 discharged war vet-
erans now enrolled in the University
are expected to attend the meeting
of the Veterans Organization to be
held at 7 p.m. today in the Rackhan
Amphitheatre when three American
Legion leaders will discuss veteran
aid programs.
Laszlo Hetenyi, Grad., president of
the club which received temporary
recognition from the University
Wednesday, issued a special call to
all veterans "to appreciate the im-
portance of this meeting and be sure
to attend."
Henry Barnes, civic leader who
will be remembered for his WAC
recruiting efforts and war bond sell-
ing activities, will discuss govern-
ment and Legion veteran programs
accompanied by Carl Johnson and
Walter Kindschy, leaders in state
Legion activities.

TankForces Take
Four Main Cities
German Seventh Army Mass Barges on
Seine in Attempt to Escape Annihilation
LONDON, Friday, Aug. 18-Swift American tank columns ripped
through chaotic, fleeing masses of German troops near the .outskirts of
Paris yesterday and a Berlin broadcast early today admitted frankly that
the Nazis had lost the battle of Normandy and were trying to escape
another large Allied trap.
Allied sources said the Americans were within 35 miles of Paris; but
German reports placed them only 23 miles away.
Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's hard-hitting mechanized troops had
overwhelmed four bastion cities before Paris, and were smashing against
the Germans only 20 miles from the Seine River, where a disorganized
and badly-mauled Nazi Seventh Army was massing barges and ferries
in a desperate attempt to escape annihilation.
"The Normandy front has been liquidated by the Germans,"said Dr.
Max Krull, military correspondent of DNB, German news agency, "Ger-
man forces are retreating and swift Allied troops are trying to gain new
positions to outflank and even encircle them.
__- The Fortress cities of Chartres,
Orleans, Dreux and Chateaudun
fell to the triumphant columns
which speared on 13 miles east of
Flee to Berun, Chartres and forced the Aunay Riv-
er, from where the spire of the
M ies A npproach Eiffel Tower could be seen lifting
1 U above Paris 35 miles beyond.
_ _--_Gunfire Heard in Paris
France and the Allied cause was lost (The London Radio said U. S.
in 1940. spearheads had reached "the out-
Brig. Gen. Joseph Koenig, head skirts of Paris," CBS reported. The
of the French forces of the interior, Germans declared the capital was
said in a communique tonight that "a front line city" with the thun-
his men were attacking German der of distant guns echoing in the
convoys with "considerable losses" streets, and that the Americans were
to the enemy's men and materiaL attacking St. Arnoult, 23 miles from
A frontier dispatch to the Lausan- Paris, and Epernon, 25 miles from
ne (Switzerland) Gazette said Ma- Versailles.)
quis forces had launched an attack Meanwhile, the Canadians shatter-
on the Fort De L'Ecluse in the Ain ed powerful enemy defenses east and
department near the French-Swiss south of Caen with a surprise offen-
frontier, and that factory workers in sive that overran such strongholds
response to orders from Gen. Charles as Troarn and Vimont, forced the
DeGaulle had gone on strike in Dives River as deep as 25 miles south-
Montbeliard, 35 miles west of Basel. east of Caen and sent the Germans
In connection with reports that the reeling in a general retreat from po-
Vichy government was disintegrating, sitions which had blocked drives
its officials were said to be trans- toward Paris and Le Havre since D-
ferring authority in many places to Day.
persons whohad held office before Germans Flee Falaise Trap
the Armistice with the Germans in Of most imminent peril to the bat-
1940. tered Seventh German Army, fleeing
The Morocco radio said the Ger- the Falaise trap in Normandy, was
mans had ordered martial law in the a northern column which captured
Maritime Alps. The defiance spread Dreux and burst across the Eure
to civilian laborers, with the French River, only 20 miles west of the Seine,
press reporting railroad workers of now a formidable moat with its
the north and east striking. bridges blasted
Paris, on the eve of deliverance Here the American armored tide,
after four years of Nazi captivity, flanking Paris on the south, was in'a
was a prayerful, gay, rebellious position to turn south.
and hungry capital tonight as the
thundeof:gunsea"nno"nsed the FDR Insists
approach of Allied armies. The
German command appealed to the
people to remain calm. On Occupation
The Paris correspondent for the
German Transocean News Service, Of Axis Nations
who apparently was preparing for
a quick departure along with the
rest of the Germans, said that the WASHINGTON, Aug. 17-()-
city's transportation was completely President Roosevelt, back in the cap-
paralyzed. ital today from his Pacific tour, in-
The Paris police, the correspondent formed the world that Germany and
said, have been on strike since Tues- Japan will be occupied by Allied
day in protest over appointment of troops regardless of when or how
a new high police official. There is they surrender.
no gas or coal for cooking in the There will be no repetition, he said,
capital, and it has been necessary to of the 1918 situation, when Germany
supply the populace with hot meals escaped full occupation by quitting
from central communal kitchens, he when her homeland was menaced.
said. Berlin, he recalled, dodged occu-
pation after the last war by negotiat-
ing an Armistice. If we let them
Pla ersd quit this time, he said, the next gen-
eration will be told that Germany
Extra Showings won the war.
There is an interesting psychology
study not only of the German people
Operetta To Be Given but of their military command, he
a dosaid, a characteristic to throw up
Saturday, ionuay the sponge when their borders are

Extra performances of "The Choc- menaced because they don't want
olate Soldier" will be presented at Germany overrun.
2:30p. . toorrw ad 8:0 p m. As for Japan, the chief executive
2:30 p. m.utomorrw anheexcept. m.ldeclared that nation must be sealed
dmndyorbecueoftheoff from the peace-loving world un-
demand for tickets. til she proves herself willing and a,'e
The operetta will take place as to ve wt p ac ul c n ri .
planned today and tomorrow in the to live with peaceful countries.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater at 8:30
p. m. Tickets for all performances Hungarians Offer
may be purchased at the box office
daily from 10 a. m. until curtain To Release Jews

Notre Dame Is Damaged Slightly

By The Associated Press _
The beautiful twin-spired cathe-
dral of Notre Dame, known to tour-
ists the world over, escaped serious
war damage when American forces
liberated the city of Chartres in their
push across northern France.

one of the oldest, most historic in
France. Its windows earlier had
been removed to prevent their be-
ing damaged in event the war
swept through Chartres.
The present structure was com-
pleted in 1240 except for minor al-

stroyed by fire. In the 11th cen-
tury Bishop Fulbert established the
cathedral of Notre Dame and er-
ected a new edifice.
However it, too, was destroyed. Re-
building of the cathedral was under-
taken about 1120 amid popular reli-

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