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July 06, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1944-07-06

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Weather
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VOL. LIV No. 2-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

All Hitler's Reserves

To Be

Thrust Against Reds;

American

Troops Crash into La Hayc Du Puits

* * *

* * *

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-<4'!)

Rail Station

Captured in
Strategic City
Allied Guns Pound
Resistance Nests
By The Associated Press
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AL-
LIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE,
Thursday, July 6.-Bayonet-wielding
American troops crashed into the
rubble-strewn streets of burning La
Hae du Puits late yesterday cap-
turing the railway station on the
northern rim of that shattered Ger-
man west Normandy defense anchor
and coiling around both sides of the
city in an apparent by-passing
plunge.
Hundreds of big Allied guns domi-
nated the situation, pounding Ger-
maneresistance nests inside the shell-
ruined city and beyond it on the
read toward Brittany. But front re-
ports told of fierce German resis-
tance both at La Haye and in Mont
Castre forest from two to four miles
southeast of the stronghold.
Canadians Forced Back
On the opposite end of the front,
German tank-supported counterat-
cacks forced Canadian troops off
Carpiquet airport. but the Candians
held firmly amid the wreckage of
Carpiquet village itself, three miles
west of Caen, and beat off several
counter-thrusts there.
Once a dozen German tanks infil-
trated into the village, but were
cleared out after running into in-
tense fire from anti-tank guns and
Vickers machineguns. One Nazi as -
sault before dawn was made with
tanks, followed by Germandinfantry-
men "shouting their heads off," a
field dispatch said. Canadians dug
into improvised trenches and, utiliz-
ing captured German positions, some
of which are 20 to 30 feet under-
ground, broke up that storming wave.
British Locked in Battle
British troops on the Canadian
flank also were locked in a swaying
vicious fight on heights between
Baron and Esquay, five miles south
of Carpiquet.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower watched
the furious battle for La Haye on the
Fourth of July and returned to Eng-
land yesterday after conferring with
Allied field commanders. In his
fighter plane flight over La Haye he
was piloted by Brig.-Gen. Elwood R.
Quesada, U.S. Ninth Air Force fight-
er commander.
Candidates Will
Speak Today
Meeting Sponsored by
City's Women Voters
Candidates for the national and
state houses of representatives and
for the state senate will speak at a
meeting, sponsored by the Ann Ar-
bor League of Women Voters, at 7:30
p. m. today in the court house.
Among the speakers will be Earl
C. Michener, Adrian, who is running
in the local primary for the second
district race for Congress, and his
opponent, Galen Starr Ross, Ann
Arbor lecturer.
Other candidates who will speak
at the meeting will be George Hig-
gins and Daniel Thorn who are con-
testing the nomination as the Repub-
lican party's candidate for the state
senate post. The post was left va-
cant several months ago at the re-
tirement of Sen. George BcCallum
of Ann Arbor.
Five city candidates will be con-
testing for the nomination as repre-
sentative to the state house. These
are Russell Ashmore, Mrs. Marie

Besekirsky, Lewis Christman, Walt-
er Tubbs and Henry Vender Velde.
The one Democratic contest listed
for the primaries next Tuesday in-
volves the nomination to the House
in Washington. Redmond Burr, Ann
Arbor, and Donald Gay, Milan, are
on the ballot.

FR ANCE
LE HAVRE~o
l~Il~ C Epto
Pont er
-a-
Balyeroy Cheux * CAEN 1 oar
CaumotP oin
0Evrec.
Aunay \\ Quesnay St Pier re
llyhury
Odr' RwHarcour
Balleroyalauxse
GERMANS MAKE GREAT EFFORT TO STOP BRITISH-In a tre-
mendous effort to thwart British armor encircling Caen and converg-
ing on the plains before Paris, the Germans are reported to be
throwing practically all of their tanks in Normandy into the battle.
At the western end of the Nazi defense line, Americans were storming
into the port of La Haye du Puits'.
TOTAL REACHES 6,362:
ailitr Enrollmnt Icerse
As Few eCvilasRgse

laps Face Showdown on Saipan;
U. S. Task Forces Hit Enemy Bases

Military enrollment for the sum-
mer term showed an increase over
that of last semester although Uni-
versity enrollment of civilian stu-
dents last night totaled a little more
than 3,500, a decrease of 15 per cept*
in comparison with that of the 1943
summer term.
Total registration in the eighth
wartime semester of the University
is 6,362, including 1,376 Army stu-
dents and 1,439 Navy students.
Increase in military enrollment is
accounted for by.a new Army Spe-
cialized Training Reserve unit com-
posed of 210 17 year olds and a re-
placenient group of 30 sanitary engi-
neers.
The literary, medical and engineer-
iag colleges suffered the largest drops
in enrollment, while increases were

6,000 Nips Die
In Hunan Battle
Chinese Are Supplied
By American Mitchells
CHUNGKING, July 5.--()-The
Japanese attacking the strategic,
Hunan province railway town of
Hengyang have lost more than 6,000
men in ten days of heavy fighting,
the Chinese high command said to-
night, and the Chinese defenders are
striking hard with air and artillery
support.
P. H. Chang, a government spokes-
man, told a press conference that the
bitterness of the fighting should dis-
solve "suspicions and rumors" that
the Chinese were not holding up their
end of the resistance to the Japanese.
An American 14th Air Force com-
munique sa'd the Chinese in Heng -
yang had received many tons of am-
munition dropped to them by low-
flying B-25 Mitchell bombers. Indi-
cating close support of the Hengyang
defenders, the communique reported
widespread fighting and bombing
sweeps over Hunan province battle
areas and said heavy damage was
done July 2 in a raid on Hengshan,
north of Hengyang.
The Chinese, fighting along the
Yunnan-Burma border towards a
junction with Lt.-Gen. Joseph W.
Stilwell's American and Chinese for-
ces in North Burma, have reduced
the gap between them to 26 miles,
IFC Announces
Registration
Registration for all men interested
in fraternity rushing will be held

shown mainly in the School of Nurs-
ing with its U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps
and the Graduate School, attended
by many teachers working for higher
degrees.
Because of the Tuesday holiday,
many registrants were late, and a
spokesman of the registrar's office
said that more students are expected
to register later this week.
Bill Layton To
Play at Hour of
Fun Tomorrow
Audience participation will be the
keynote of the Hour of Fun which
will be held at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow
in front of the old Medical Building.
Inaugurating a new mode in enter-
tainment at the University, the pro-
gram, which is sponsored by the
Union, will be supplemented by the
music of Bill Layton's orchestra.
"Students are invited to come pre-
pared to do something-dance, sing
or even play in the orchestra," Doc
Fielding, MC, says. "Anything and
everything will be accepted."
Fielding was in charge of similar
programs at Dartmouth College
which proved to be "very successful."
The audience participation was over-
whelming and the movement quickly
spread over to different colleges, he
said.
McNutt Requests
Cannery Workers
WASHINGTON, July 5.- ()-
Seven hundred thousand full-time
workers, or 1,400,000 part-time work-
ers, must be found to work in can-
neries packing the plentiful 1944
crop of fruits and vegetables, Chair-
man Paul V. McNutt of the War
Manpower Commission said today.

By The Assoiated Press
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR-
TERS, PEARL HARBOR, July 5.-t
U.S. Marines and infantry pressedI
for a quick cleanup today on strate-
gic Saipan Island within bombing
range of Japan, powerfully aided byI
American carrier task force smashes
at enemy bases on islands to the
north and south.
The Nipponese, squeezed into a
corner at the north end of this Mari-
anas island, are making a final ges-
ture for their emperor.
The showdown clash is being
fought in4an area the Japanese ex-
pected they must one day defend. It
is filled.: with pillboxes, blockhouses
and shelters. Every cave is manned
by enemy riflemen and machine gun-
ners.
More than 2,000 miles southward
Daily Tryott
Meeting Will
Be Held Today
A meeting for all students inter-
ested in trying out for The Daily
editorial staff will be held at 4:30
p.m. today in the Student Publica-
tions Building on Maynard Street.
Anyone with a C average who is
enrolled in either the summer term
or thesummer session is eligible to
work on The Daily.
Tryouts on the editorial staff will
be given beats and instructed in the
fundamentals of news-writing and
Daily style, as well as practice in
writing headlines and reading proof.
They .also -work-on night desk one
evening each week.
Those who have had previous
newspaper experience will be ad-
vanced in line with that experience.
Because of wartime conditions,
promotions are made rapidly to
promising tryouts.
The editorial staff is divided into
freshman, sophomore, junior and
senior staffs. The freshman and
sophomore staffs are rated as try-
outs and from the sophomore staff
are \selected the night editors. The
senior editors are chosen, from the
junior staff.
During the summer session The
Daily will be printed every day but
Monday and Tuesday.
* * *
Students To Receive
Free Copies of Daily
The University will present all stu-
dents with free copies of The Daily
during the eight weeks of the Sum-
mer Session.
One Daily will be delivered to every
five students in dormitories and
league houses in the delivery area.
Every five servicemen on campus will
receive three Dailies.
Students living outside the delivery
zone may obtain Dailies by showing
their cashier's receipts at the Student
Publications Building. They will re-
ceive a card permitting them to pick
up the paper each morning from
7:45 to 10:10 a.m. in front of the
Main Library for at least a week.
Private subscriptions are obtain-
able at the Student Publications
Building by those living either within
or without the delivery zone. Papers
can also be mailed to those outside
the zone.
Separate copies will be sold on
campus every publication morning in
front of the Main Library.

other American fighting men pushed
their rapid conquest of Noemfoori
Island, stepping stone on the inva-
sion route to Mindanao, Japanese
stronghold at the southern end of the
Philippines.
Reinforced by paratroopers, these
forces intensified their drive for the
Second Noemfoor
Airstrip Captured
ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD-
QUARTERS, New Guinea, Thurs-
day, July 6.-(WP)-Americans have
captured Koransoren airdrome,
second vital airstrip on Noemfoor
Island.
Headquarters announced today
that the strip on the northern end
of the island was captured Inde-
pendence Day, two days after the
landing and two days after the
capture of Kamiri airdrome.
two remaining airdromes on the is-
land. One was captured at the out-
set of the invasion, launched last
Sunday.
In a lightning two-day strike into
Japan's Volcano and Bonin Islands,
an American carrier task force sank
or beached three destroyers, sank
two other vessels, damaged several
others and destroyed 64 to 80 planes
in combat. Nine American carrier
planes were lost. Not one U.S. sur-
face vessel was damaged.
Planes of the speedy task force
Yanks Drive
Northward p
Italian oast

By The Associated Press
ROME, July 5.-American troops
have fought doggedly forward to
within less'* than 13 airline miles of
the big Italian west coast port of
Livorno (Leghorn) and are engaged
in the preliminaries of what may
prove their hardest battle since the
Anzio beachhead, Allied headquar-
ters announced today.
Front line reports showed the Ger-
mans were dug in on high ground
running about 35 miles inland from
Castiglioncello on the coast through
Rosignano and Volterra to Casole
d'Elsa, which is about 15 miles west
of newly-captured Siena.
"It is clear that the enemy intends
to hang doggedly to Rosignano and
Volterra in his endeavor to delay our
advance on Livorno," said an official
Allied communique.
Violent fighting was in process
along almost the entire length of
this new enemy defense line, particu-
larly around Rosignano, which sits
astride the coastal highway to Livor-
no. Heavy Nazi guns emplaced on
heights dominating Rosignano were
throwing a deadly fire into advan-
cing Yank armor and infantry, which
was reported to have reached the
outskirts of the fortress town.
Allies Continue
Air Offensive
Nazis Are Victims of
Constant Shuttle Raids
LONDON, July 6, Thursday-(R)-
In the most impressive offensive since
D-Day, Allied air forces hurled at
least five strong daylight bomber
forces and thousands of fighters at
the Germans from the channel to
the Mediterranean yesterday as
American heavy bombers returned to
their British bases after shuttle-
bombing the Nazis from England to
Russia to Italy.
The 7,000-mile circuit clamped
tight an aerial ring of steel around
Germany exposing the whole of Hit-
ler's Europe to the bombs of the
Allies.
The shuttle planes, which on June
21 flew from Britain to Russia and
then five days later went from Russia
to Italy, returned today via southern

the Marianas."

Fire Traps,

75

struck first at Iwo Island in the Vol-
cano (Kazan) group. Fifty-five en-
emy planes, and probably 24 more,
were destroyed at Iwo, which is 755
miles southeast of Tokyo.
On Independence Day, the task
force knifed northward into the Bon-
ins to give the Japs a taste of an
American Fourth of July celebration
and also smacked Iwo again.
26 Jap Ships
Sunk by Allies
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 5-(RP)-De-
struction of 26 Japanese vessels by
Allied submarines was reported to-
day, underlined by a statement from
Navy Secretary Forrestal that un-
dersea warfare against Japan "pro-
gresses with mounting success."
The general Pacific campaign
against Japanese outer defenses,
Forrestal said, has gone "at a some-
what faster pace than had been
hoped for."
American submersibles torpedoed
17 of the Nipponese craft including
a light cruiser, a destroyer and 15
cargo and transport vessels.
From the British Admiralty in
London came news of the sinking of
nine more Japanese supply ships by
British submarines.
Acceleration of the attacks on the
Japanese shipping lanes may be an-
ticipated, said Forrestal, declaring
that submarine crews deserve the
"lion'shshare of the credit for knock-
ing the props from under Japan's
conquest."
Air forces, he told a news con-
ference, also are battering the Jap-
anese merchant fleet with increas-
ing success and the campaign "will
be accelerated by our advance into

Ohio MinersF
Near Bellaire
BELLAIRE, 0., July 5.-(A')-Anl
unknown number of miners-vari-
ously estimated from 40 to 75-was
imprisoned today by a fire in thet
Powhattan Mine, and nine hours
later an official of the United MineI
Workers expressed doubt that any1
would be rescued alive.I
"I do not think they will find onet
of them alive," said Adolph Pacifico,2
vice-president of District 6 of the
U.M.W. "There is no way to get to
them from the back of the shaft
without forcing carbon monoxide gas
into the chamber where they are."
The men were trapped four miles
from the main entrance of the shaft,
Ohio's largest soft coal pit, when
falling slate struck a trolley wire at
1 p.m., EWT. Fires were reported to
have sprung up at three entries.
The number of men in the blocked
section was placed at 75 by Sheriff
W. S. McLaughlin of Belmont County
and Henry Ady of Clarington, a
member of the rescue crew.
However, Matthew Stiecker, per-
sonnel manager for the Powhattar
Mining Company which operates the
shaft 15 miles south of here, said he
believed "between 40 and 50" were
entombed.
He added he was unable to check
the exact number because of absen-
teeism.
White Cross
Is Terminated
The organization of the White
Cross, as represented by a prepara-
tory committee of Ann Arbor citi-
zens, was voluntarily dissolved at a
meeting in the International Center
last night, and a committee ,for or-
ganizational study on a broader scale
was formed by the group.
Dr. Oscar Fazekas, who was in-
strumental in publishing and distrib-
uting several pamphlets on a plan

DerisionWas
[leached at
Nazi Meeting
Reds Move Toward
Prussia, Balties
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Thursday, July 6-
Vhile overwhelming Soviet forces
unged toward the Baltics and East
'russia almost at will, slaughtering
lerman defenders and capturing
owns in incredible numbers, the
doscow radio broadcast early today
4 report from Stockholm that Adolf
Hitler had just reached a decision
;o throw all his Nazi reserves into
he gigantic struggle on the eastern
ront.
The radio report said "an extra-
>rdinary meeting has just been held
.t Hitler's headquarters. Col. Gen.
:urt Zeitzler, Chief of the German
3eneral Staff, and Col. Gen. Ernst
Ton Busch, commander in chief of
she eastern front, were present.
Vazis Face Superiority
"Zeitzler said the German army
was faced with superiority it could
not equal and Hitler was said to
ave ordered that all reserves were
to be flung into the battle at once
o stop the Soviet advance."
The westward drive of the Red
army, already spilling onto the bor-
lers of Latvia and Lithuania, cap-
ured the important railway junction
)f Molodeczno in Old Poland today,
Premier Stalin announced tonight.
Clear Town of Nazis
Assault troops of Gen. Ivan Cher-
niakhovsky's Third White Russian
army reached the outskirts of the
fortified! town Monday 'and in clea-
ing it of the Nazi defenders today
wiped out the last big obstacle be-
fore Wilno (Vilna) from the south-
east.
Moledeczno is 40 miles northwest
of the White Russian capital of
Minsk and 68 from Wilno at the
point where the main railway be-
tween these two large cities is in-
tersected by a secondary' line run-
ning southward into Poland from
Polotsk.
Red Guns Salute
In his order of the day, calling for
a salute of 12 salvos from 124 of
Moscow's big guns, Stalin pointed
out that Molodeczno guarded the
way not only to Wilno but to Riga,
the ,capital of Latvia on the Baltic
sea.
The Russian advance toward the
Baltic, spearheaded by Gen. Ivan
Bagramian's First Baltic army, ear-
lier had pressed within 10 miles of
the Latvian frontier and within 14
miles of Lithuania across the narrow
neck of Wilno province.
Leaders Will
Meet Dewey
Delegation To Confer
With GOP Candidate
ALBANY, N. Y., July 5-(AP)-
Governor Thomas E. Dewey dealt
members of Congress and candidates
in on the Republican presidential
campaign today with an invitation to
the 11-member Massachusetts delega-
tion and Governor Leverett Salton-
stall to confer with him here Mon-
day.
Announcing at a news conference
that he planned further similar
meetings to assess the issues of the
campaign, Dewey said he had asked

Rep. Joseph Martin, House minority
leader, to bring with him Saltonstall,
and Senator Sinclair Weeks, along
with as many of the members of the
Massachusetts group as could come.
Although reporters attempted to
attach particular attention to Week's
visit, since the latter is a long-time
friend and supporter of Wendell L.
Willkie, Dewey denied there was any
significance.
Among his visitors were Eugene
Meyer, publisher of the Washington
Post and former chairman of the
Board of the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation, and Dean P. Taylor of
Troy, Republican representative of

WISH IS GRANTED:
Yank Officer Gets 28th Nazi
Plane Before Getting Married

A U. S. EIGHTH AIR FORCE
FIGHTER BASE, Britain, July 5.-
(AP)- Lt.-Col. Francis Gabreski, 25-
year - old Thunderbolt pilot who
wanted to shoot down a 28th German
plane before going home to get mar-
ried, got his wish today when he
knocked down a Messerschmitt 1091

damned thing. I'm a sa-a-a-ad
sack."
Gabreski, an Oil City, Pa., boy,
went out again today and promptly
got his German. Now he will take
his 30-day leave, during which he
said he intended to marry Kay Coch-
ran of Grand Rapids, Mich., a girl
he met in Hawaii three years ago.

City To Intensify E
.u w-- 0 rn-u-i

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