WEDN~SDA, JUY 28 194
THE MICHIGAN DAILY M
MERETT A CONDUCTS:
Soldiers of 3651st Service
Unit Organize Military Band
Nine Liberator Bombers Fly High Over Ft.Worth Plant I
All-Soldier Choir Took Form
At Company 'A' Appearance
The first military band made up
of men from various companies of
the 3651st S. U. tuned up Sunday
with a practice in the Perry School
on Packard Street under the direc-
tion of Leonard V. Meretta, assistanty
University Band Director.t
A purely voluntary organization,
the men who are participating are1
taking the time on condition that
they continue to maintain a high=
scholastic average. All band mem-1
bers are drawn from the miitary1
CIC May Bie I
The new movement of the Chinese
Industrial Cooperative (CIC) or In-
dusco as it is called, may provide thej
pattern for a needed democratic eci-
nomic system throughout the world,
George A. Fitch, member of the In-
ternational Commission of the
YMCA in China for 34 years, said
"This new movement provides a
practical training in democracy," he
said. "In back of every one of these
cooperatives is an amazing story of
courage and sacrifice."
The CIC is a producer cooperative
movement, managed by the workers
themselves, who purchase stock for
t membership, who share in all the
profits and losses and who are each
granted a single vote for the running
o. the business.
Today there are some 2,000 indi-
vidual societies with an actual mem-
* -bership of 30,000. The organizations
are set up into seven regional head-
quarters with an administration staff
numbering 'about 1,000 officials, Mr.
The cooperatives produce about
120 different kinds of goods, includ-
ing textiles, leather,- and uniforms;
their average moithly output
gmounts to $11,000 a. month.'
This great movement owes much
to the University of Michigan,, Mr.
Fitch said, since four out of the seven
young Chinese who pioneered in the
movement were educated here in Ann
personnel now stationed on cam-
The men who participated in the
practice Sunday were those who have
instruments. A larger turnout is ex-
pected when more of the men receive
their instruments from home.
University Provides Instruments
All large instruments have been
provided by the University, whose
cooperation has also made it possible
for Mr. Meretta to direct the band
until the return of Prof. William D.
Revelli, University Band Director.
Professor Revelli is now at the Na-
tional Music Camp at Interlochen.
Upon his return he will direct the
Practices for the new band will
be held every Wednesday and Sun-
day nights in the Perry School on
The band will be on hand for any
military function where it is needed.
No definite plans for its first ap-
pearance have been made as yet.
Members Are Listed
Drum major for the band is John
W. Shier, Co. F. In charge of equip-
ment are Richard M. Coffelt and
Richard E. Bertram, Co. F, and John
C. Gustafson, Co. E, John W. Shirer,
Eugene C. Eiseman and Robert S.
Streetman, Co. F, are in charge of
Band members who were at the
practice Sunday are as follows: Clar-
inets, Eisenman and Frank W. Beam,
Co. F, Harold A. Swanson, Co. C, and
Karl ,Wilhelm Linnes, Co. E. Trum-
pets, Bertram, Streetman, and Bill B.
Clarkson, Co. F, Lester Beberfall and
Dewey E. Chester, Co. C, and William
Lyon and 'George C. Reis, Jr., Co. E.
French horns, David M. Rickard and
fayne R. Bohrnstadt, Co. F, Theo-
dore H. Krueger, Co. C.
Tubas, John C. Butterfield andnAl-
bert H. Fairweather, Co. F, John A.
Andrews, Co. C, George Stubbs, Co.
A. Baritone, George M. Lineman, Co.
E, Sam Levy, Co. F, Max Turchen,
Norman E. Gaffin and Barnett Mitz-
man, Co. C. Cornets, Gerald L. John-
son, Co. F, and James T. Leberg, Co.
E. Trombone, Coffelt and Paul E.
Brubaker, Co. F, Charles B. Hicks
and Thomas E. Pattison, Co. C, and
A. R. Swearingen, Co. A.
Saxophone, Gustafson and Herbert
D. Orlinxsky, Co. E, and Ray W.
Daugherty, Co. F. Bassoon, Kay Nor-
ton, Co. A. Drums, Sheir and Henry
Schwartz, Co. F.
The roots of the forthcoming con-
ert to be. given by the All-Soldier
"hoir of Co. A at 4 p.m. Sunday,
ug. 15 in Hill Auditorium started to
ake form when the unit made its
irst appearance in Ann Arbor.
Co. A was the" first soldier unit to
arrive on the Michigan campus.and
from the beginning was met with
he utmost warmth and cordiality by
both the University and the towns-
people. As a manifestation of this
good feeling the University organized
a weekly morale show for the ser-
vicemen, which with the arrival of
nuch larger service units served as
fine entertainment for many service-
Company-- ATo.Handle Morale
In a sense, however, it was slightly
embarrassing "to the men of Com-
pany ,A who, with the wealth of tal-
ent among them, felt quite candidly
that , they - could,- do a better job of
*ntertaining their fellow servicemen.
Then one week, Company A was
asced to take over the morale pro-
gram. It was a smash hit and from
then on Company A handled the
'It was then that Company A
decided to stage a musical review
as a gsture of appreciation.to the
may University, civic, and reli-
gous. groups which had given so.
3much of their time and effort on
the servicemen's behalf. The te-
suilt was "Nips in the Bud," which
play.d for three nights at the Lyd-
ia lMenelssohn Theatre and which
'since- h s played before soldier
.udiences innearby areas.
'Nips' Is Iommended
-;After playing to an enthusiastic
audience at the Willow Run Air Base,
the cast was told by the elated Air
base Commandant that 'Nips' was
better than "This Is the Army." One
:of the many - reasons for the show's
'success was the Soldier Choir, which
directed by Bill Sawyer, did a superb
job of vocalizing on the original
songs written by members of the
So successful had been the chor-
us, that Company A decided to
keep it as a unit, rehearsing at free
times for performances at bond
rallies and servicemen. Bill Saw-
yer kindly consented to direct the .
chorus and his work is deeply ap-
preciated by soldiers of Co. A.
Thereupon the University decided
to sponsor, the choir on a weekly
radio program, Saturdaly morning
at 10 a.m. over station WJR. These
programs have been going on for
the last three weeks, and judging
from the response they are at-
tracting, are proving enjoyable for
It is as a wind-up to its summer
season that the Aug. 15 concert has
been planned. Despite the fact that
the Choir has only time for three
rehearsals a week, since every one of
its fifty members reads music at
sight a great deal of time is saved.
The concert program is a varied
one, consisting of Negro spirituals,
religious works, battle songs, sea
chanties, hit songs from "Nips in the
Bud," and individual solos by -mem-
bers of Company A. And Company
A wishes to stress that everybgdy is
Prices Are Cut
Servicemen Are Given
Thirty Cents Reduction
Week-end dance prices at the;
League ballroom will be lowered to
servicemen for the duration.
"Because of the marvelous esponsel
to Friday and Saturday night dances ,
we now feel we can admit.'servicemen;
At reduced rates," Bill Sawyer; bans,
leader, said yesterday.
"The League -:dances are held on
a non-profit basis," Sawyer added
'and as long as We can breaks;even;
men in uniform will receive a 30 cents
reduction in 'admission prices.Wi
were not able to dp this from thO
first," he explained, "because we
no indication of campus aenthusiasm
for. the summer -series. "..
Sawyer said rcapus response t
the suminer dances had been greatee.
than the usual semester parties.
Flying high in formation, these nine Liberator Bombers pass over the Consolidated Vultee plant, at
Ft. Worth, Tex., while crews of workers on the gr ound prepare another big B-24 bomber for flight.
The plane is almost ready to be sent aloft like its brethren.
Early Poetry by Negroes Was
SocialProtest, Hayden Says
By MARTHA SCHMITT
"Because of the appalling circum-
stances in~ which the Negroes had
to live, their early poetry is concerned
with the racial question, and has as
its chief function social protest,"
Robert Hayden' declared in his lec-
ture on Negro poetry, entitled "I Too
Sing America" Monday in the audi-
torium of the Rackham Building. -
The earliest poets among the1
Negroes did not appear until the4
later part of the nineteenth cen- I
tury. Before this time the poetry,
was propaganda in the form of a
plea for liberation.1
The first slave poet of the eigh-
teenth century was Phyllis Wheatly,
an important minor writer. She was
purchased by the Wheatly family
who soon recognized her talents.
Phyllis' poems charmed the aristo-
cratic Boston circle. A part of her
most famous poem, "His Excellency
George Washington" was read by
Poems Sold to Students
"Poems filled with words of love and
adoration were sold to the students
of the University of Chapel Hill by
George Moses Horton, a. nineteenth
century Negro writer," said Robert
Hayden. Horton's . poems were ac-
claimed "the versified plea for lib-
erty" by the New York Tribune.
Frances Ellen Harper was the
first to encourage the Negroes to
-strive for creative literature. Pop-
ular throughout the United States,
she traveled over the land giving
anti-slavery and temperance lee-
A poet of the gilded age, when in-
dustry was expanding and imperial-
ism reared its head, was Paul Dun-
bar. His Negro dialect poems, al-
though his. most popular, were not
his best. "At least in these poems he
Will Give Readings
A program of individual readings
in classical literature evolving from
the war will be presented at the
weekly assembly of the Department
of Speech at 3 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Students who will participate in-
clude Clara Behringer, Harold Coop-
er, Emil Luderman, Zola Volpel,
Winton Beaven, Alice Hopkins and
laughs with his people and not atj
them as does Harris," declared Hay-
Johnson Pioneer Critic,
A pioneer Negro critic in American
poetry is James Weldon Johnson.
The folk lyrics in his book "God's
Trombones" aroused a new interest
in Negro folklore. "He mangaes to
transcend mere racial limitations,
and he makes his poetry an experi-
ence which all can enjoy," said Rob-
ert Hayden. The lecture concluded
with the playing of "The Creation"
and "Go Down Death," two recorded
poems of James Weldon Johnson,
narrated by himself.
Master of ceremonies, Professor
A. Carlton Wells, of the English
department, read "0-h, Deadiless
Fly Away Home," a poem by Rob-
ert Hayden, currently published in
Poetry Magazine. To understand
the deepest utterances of the Negro
people we must understand their
history and culture," emphasized
This lecture series which is open
to the public and free of charge is
sponsored by the Inter-Racial As-
Enough Coal To
Last All Winter,
Freezing classrooms and icy water
can't, happen here next winter, no
matter how many coal strikes occur,
as the University already has enough
coal stored up to last until spring,
Walter L. Bulbick, University Pur'-
chasing Agent, said yesterday.
"We use approximately 45,000 tons
of coal during the year," Bulbick ex-
plained. "We had about 38,000 tons
on our stock piles at the end of last
month. As we use very little coal
during the, summer, this could, carry
us through the winter.
"However, coal will be coming in
all winter, as far as I know. It has
been promised, and we should get it
if the mines continue to operate. I
believe we will get it right along all
winter. I don't believe there will be
any tie up of the mines.".
"We usually keep about a year's
supply of coal ahead and keep up the
stock pile with the coal coming in,
a ast s we urnit." Aulbick
In JAG School
TwoGroups Will Take
Four Months of Study
At Law Quadrangle
By LT. G. P. FORBES
Judge Advocate Generals School
Welcomed - by Col. Edward H.
Young, Commandant, and Dean E.
Blythe- Stason of the University of
Michigan Law School, the 2nd Of-
ficers Candidate Class and the 12th
Officer's Class officially began four-
month-courses at the Judge Advocate
General's School Monday morning.
Latest figures show 66 candi-
dates and 42 officers with the pos-
sibility of a few more to be added
by late arrivals from distant
The Officers Class includes a lieu-
tenant colonel, nine majors, 12 cap-
tains, 10 first lieutenants, and nine
Regular Course Extended
Addressing the newcomers Jointly,
Col. Young told the candidates that
the extended four-month course
would permit additional time for a
study of staff functions and other
subjects in military science and tac-
tics, as well as the addition of a new
course in military government.
Upon graduation the candidates
will receive commissions as second
lieutenants and a certain percent-
age will be immediately recom-
mended for promotion to first
lieutenants upon the basis of
legal and military ability.
Colonel Young pointed out to the
officers that upon their record at the
School would depend the nature of
future assignments as well as pro-
motion. "Eventually all officers' of
the Department who have not at-
tended the School will do so," Col-
onel Young added.
Dean Stason Greets Men
"The University and the Law
School are happy to welcome another
class to the Law Quadrangle, and we
hope that in more peaceful days you
will find time to pay us a visit and
use our, legal research library and
other facilities," Dean Stason re-
marked in his speech of greeting.
In addition to the two new classes,
the 1st officers Candidate Class is
in its eighth week of a twelve week
course. This is the first time in the
history of the Judge Advocate Gener-
al's, School that more than two
classes have been in attendance sim-
By Italy Soon
While Italy will not withdraw from
the war immediately, I look for her
to surrender within the next few
months, possibly before the summer
is over, Prof. Preston W. Slosson de-
clared yesterday in his weekly lec-
ture at the Rackham Building.
"The Italians will not cease fight-
ing immediately because the new
government has a certain prestige to
maintain and because the Nazis have
secured such a strong foothold in
Italian affairs," Prof. Slosson added.
Reviewing the rise of Benito Mus-
-solini and the Fascist Party from
1922 to its downfall in the past week,
Promotion of three members of the his unit was transferred to the Field
Staff and Faculty of the Judge Ad- Artillery School.
vocate General's School from the After appointment as second lieu-
rank of second lieutenant to that of tenant in the Judge Advocate. Gen-j
firt leutnat ws anonce toayeral's Department in Janiuary, .h
first lieutenant was announced today was assigned to the office of the
by Col. Edward H. Young, School Staff Judge Advocate, New Orleans,
Commandant. La., Port of Embarkation before at-
The officers advanced are Lt. Hen- tending the School here in l4arch.-
ry A. Federa, Lt. Seymour M. Peyser,
and Lt. George P. Forbes, Jr. All are ""
recent graduates of the School and RamneyRvf
were selected for the Staff and Fac-
ulty from their respective classes be- on A
cause of superior ability. Talk
Federa Studied Here
A graduate of the University of War Problems
Louisville with an A.B. degree, Lt.
Federa also received his law school- "Knowledge of business adminis-
ing there, graduating magna cum tration, public administratin and
laude. He was attorney for the De- engineering science is now neededfor
partment of Revenue of the State of engkeri senceno nes," fr
Ka s kyilar hriodasysstantAttor-Edward Rainey, Assistant Chief of
ney General of the State. FildOpra iond e
Aftr elisingin he rmyforthepower Commission distrit office. in
After enlisting in the Army for the Deroit said yesterday in a lecture in
duration in June 1942 he received Rackham.
basic training at Fort Knox, Ky. and "There is a shift of workers now
was then assigned to the Headquar- into government work and 'after the
ters of the Armored Force there for warvthere will be a shift outo f gov-
duty in the Staff Judge Advocate's ement work," he said.-
office. Lt. Federa was commissioned "At the present time -'we have a
from the ranks in January 1943. greater shortage of unskilled work-
Peyser Edited Law Review ers than of workers inanyother field.
Lt. Peyser is a graduate of Har- Foundries are having the' hardest
vard University with an A.B. degree, time getting workers. -
and received his L.L.B. at Columbia "In normal times 31,500,009 people
"University where he was editor and are employed in ion-agicultural
secretary of the board of editors of jobs. At the present time 38,000,090
the Law Review. He engaged in the persons are employed in non agricul-
general practice of law in New York tural jobs despite the number of men
City for five years until he enlisted who have been inducted -into the
in the Army in January 1942. armed services. After the war we will
As a non-commissioned officer Lt- have the problem of finding. jobs for
Peyser was a recruit instructor in the these surplus workers," Dr. Rainey
Quartermaster Corps, special inves- said.-
tigator for the Provost Marshal Gen- Dr. M. A. Clark, Michigan State
eral, and was later assigned to the Director of the War Manpower Com-
office of the Staff Judge Advocate of mission, who was scheduled to speak
the Yankee Division. In January lat night, was unable to'dome be-
1943, four weeks before completing cause of war work.
an officer candidate course at the
Quartermaster Corps School, Camp
Lee, Va., Lt. Peyser was appointed a Deferments May Be Given
second lieutenant in the Judge Ad- To Skilled Restaurant Men
vocate General's Department.
Forbes Was General Practitioner LANSING, July 27. -(R" - Wayne
A graduate of Williams College County Draft Boards have been in-
and Columbia Law School, Lt. Forbes structed by State Selective Service,
was engaged in the general practice Headquarters to give "serious con-
of law at White Plains, N.Y. for six sideration" to requests for the draft
years before volunteering for induc- deferment of skilled restaurant em-
tion in April 1941. After basic train- ployes.
ing at the Field Artillery Replace- The order applies only- to the
ment Training Center, Fort Bragg, Wayne County area and was issued
N.C., he was assigned to a field artil- because the War Manpower Com-
lery observation battalion there and mission has listed the restarant in-
later served at Fort Sill, Okla. when dustry as essential to the war effort.
T Ll-L-rln .-in_ i-r - FIt I . LLLFF r'
THE DEPARTMENT OF SPEECH PRESENTS
The Michigan Repertory Players
"[ADlY PRECIOUS STREAM"
by Dr. S. I. Hsluny
ORIENTAL COLOR - WITTY SATIRE
"(Charming," "Enchanting," ". . . a delectable assembly of
Oriental politeness, wisdom and playful satire."-N. Y. Critics
TONIGHT through Saturday - 8:30 P.1.
3 JAGs Receive Promotions
To First Lieutenant Ranks
* -is Still the
Month of Values!
WE'R ENDING THE MONTH
-WITH EXTRA SPECIALS
REALLY AMAZING! This clearance right now at the
height of Summer! No. l hit coats thatgo over every-
thing, wear them all Summer. Cool go-everywhere'suits;
prize-winning dresses (pretty prints, smooth casuals,
cool cottons) ;. . all reduced now while yqu've lots of
time to wear them! Broken sizes and style ranges -
hurry for the best "buys".
For Juniors 9-17
For Women 10-44/
Dresses are $5.09, $7009, $10.00
A group. of BETTER DRESSES dnd
two-piece suits of shantiung. and
crepe prints at $14.95.
ODDS AND ENDS, in spring coats
and toppers at /3 of original prics
- a In skirts of butcher linen and
uana .cloth at $2.95 and $3.95.
Culottes at $2.00 and $2.95.
SHORTIE- COATS (type of one at
left) of corduroy in red, maize dnd -
blue qt $8.95; of cotton, $3.95.
They're grand for over-slacks-wear.