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July 25, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1943-07-25

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4 di;

Weather
Scattered Showers

VOL. LHI, No. 21-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 25, 1943
American lanes Pound Norwegiani

PRICE FIVE CENTS
3ase

* * *

* * *

%Y *

Axis Armies

Trapped in Northeast Sicily

v

c'

U.S. Armies
Threaten Last
Enemy Port
Reuters Reports Yanks
Seize Termini, Enter
Seaport of Trapani
By DANIEL DE LUCE
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, July 24.- Axis
forces in Sicily faced complete anni-
hilation tonight as the American
Seventh Army drove eastward from
Palermo toward Messina, last escape
hatch for German and Italian troops
fighting at Catania.
The forces opposing the British
Eighth Army were threatened with
being cut off from behind by the
rapidly advancing Americans who
have already accounted for the ma-
jority of the 110,000 enemy troops
either captured or trapped in west-
ern Sicily.
Americans Take Termini
(Reuters reported that the ad-
vancing Americans already had tak-
tn Ternini, 20 miles east of Palermo,
while the Algiers radio revealed pres-
sure against the Germans at Catania
had been increased by Canadians
who had joined the Eighth Army af-
ter advancing from Enna in central
Sicily.-
(Reuters also reported the Allies
had entered Trapani, last big port
in western Sicily in their cleanup
campaign.)
The Axis forces are now almost in
exactly the same position as Hitler's
troops were in Tunisia when the
Americans and British broke through
to Bizerte and Tunis and forced iso-
lated Axis elements to retreat into
Cap Bon.
Axis Troop Movements Impossible
If the Americans can reach Mes-
sina, every hope that the Axis might
save something from the Sicily de-
bacle would be smashed. Even as it
is, the chances of the Germans and'
Italians evacuating any sizeable'
force from the Catania area ap-
peared slight in view of the continu-
ous Allied air offensive by land and
sea which is making almost any form
of Axis troop movement impossible.
American troops seized Marsala in
the lightning mop-up of the western
part of the island, headquarters an-
nounced today, and it was the offi-
cial estimate that 50,000 more pris-
oners would be added to the 60,000
already in Allied hands.
Clark Will Lecture
On Future Positions
Discussing present employment
conditions and offering a prediction
on future opportunities for jobs, Dr.
M. A. Clark, Michigan State Director
of the War Manpower Commission,
will speak at 7:30 p.m. Tuesday in
the Rackham Lecture Hall.
This talk on the "General Indus-
trial Situation and Shifting Govern-
ment Employment" is sponsored by
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion.
Dr. Clark, who has been in close
touch with Paul V. McNutt, director
of the WMC, was former personnel
director of the U.S. Rubber Co.

Russian Armies Batter Orel on

Three Sides

O

Allied Planes
Continue Aerial
Blasts on Japs
Bombers Hurl Tons
Of Explosives on Lae
And Bairoko-Munda
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, July
25, Sunday- (A")- Continuing their
heavy aerial blows against principal
Japanese bases in the southwest Pa-
cific, Allied bombers yesterday
hurled 80 tons of explosives against
the Bairoko-Munda defense on New
Georgia and 60 tons upon Lae, New
Guinea.
Two heavy attacks were made on
enemy positions. at Bairoko and at
Boblo Hill, New Georgia, by torpedo
and divebombers from the South Pa-
cific command of Admiral William
F. Halsey. Bairoko is situated on
Kula Gulf, about eight miles north
of Munda air base, and Boblo Hill
is one mile northeast of Munda.
The communique from General
Douglas MacArthur's headquarters
said one of our planes was lost in the
raid against New Georgia but that
the crew was believed to have been
rescued.
Flying thhough bad weather which
frequently limits aerial operations in
the southwest Pacific, four-engined
bombers dropped 60 tons of high ex-
plosives on Lae in a morning attack.
The bombs set off heavy explosions
and started large fires.
The Japanese struck at two Allied
positions- Bena Bena, 90 miles
northwest of Salamaua, and Enogai
Inlet, two miles northeast of Bairoko.
No damage was reported in either
case.
Long-range fighters attacked the
enemy seaplane base at Taberfane in
the Aroe Islands, damaging three
float planes. Enemy floatplanes un-
successfully attempted interception.
Robert Hayden
To Lecture on
egro Poetry

Stalin Gives
Nazi Casualty
List to Troops
Russian Air Forces
Inflict Heavy Blows
On Weakened Germans
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, .July 25, Sunday-
Premier Joseph Stalin, whose Soviet
armies were battering at the gates of
Orel from three sides early today,
spurred on his fighters with an an-
nouncement that Germany's 19-day-
old offensive in Russia had collapsed
on the graves of 70,000 Nazi dead.
A violent air battle was raging east
of Orel where the desperate Ger-
mans sought to stem a head-on
charge by Russian fighters with the
waning Nazi air force.
The Soviet midnight communique
said Russian airmen were meeting
the German fighters plane for plane
and inflicting heavy counterblows.
On the ground, in this sector, Rus-
sian troops last were reported only
eight miles from the German bastion
and they captured 18 more villages,
illed about 3,000 Germans, and cap-
tured 27 heavy guns yesterday.
The Russian vise was squeezing
tighter from the south, too, where
gains of three to five miles were re-
corded by a special Soviet communi-
que. A number of villages, including
Zmievka, 14 miles below Orel, Were
taken by the Soviet counteroffensive.
(The German radio, recorded by
the Associated Press, admitted "par-
tial withdrawals" near Orel as strong
Russian reserves poured into the
area "in an attempt to widen the
break-through at any cost.")
The Soviet midnight communique!.
said that north of Orel the Russians
beat back numerous German coun-
terattacks and advanced to occupy a
number of enemy points of resis-
tance.
Other Red Army columns were re-
ported smashing at the Germans
less than nine miles northeast of
Orel and eight miles on the east.
The communique emphasized the
Premier's statement by announcing
that in the Belgorod direction, south
of the Orel sector, the new five-day
offensive of the Russians there had
"completely restored positions which
they occupied before the offensive of
the German Fascist troops began."
Doom Seen for
Jatps on Kiska
WASHINGTON, July 24.-P)-In
a communique containing fresh evi-
dence that the house of doom is rap-
idly nearing for 10,000 Japanese
troops holding Kiska Island, the
Navy disclosed today that the Thurs-
day assault against the invader's
Aleutians outpost was a joint sea
and air operation.
The'latest war bulletin on the ac-
tion suggested that the Japanese
probably took a heavier beating on
Kiska that day than ever before in
the 13 and a half months they have
held that bleak and rocky island.

Dejected Italian General Is Captured in Sicily

Yanks Blast
Trondheim
In Day Raid
Aluminum Plant Is
Attacked; 17 Enemy
Fighters Shot Down

Gen. Cotti Porcinari (right), commander of the Napoli Division of the Italian Army, sits with mem- .
bers of his depressed staff just after their capture in the campaign of Sicily.

PROUD OF BEING IDEALIST:
Wallace Lashes Out Agamst
'American Fascists' in Detroit
DETROIT, July 24.- (P)- Vice- the term, but mean the situation
President Henry A. Wallace, here to that existed when great corporations
address a mass meeting tomorrow, rose to power economically and po-
lashed out spiritedly in a press con- litically. The reason Mr. Roosevelt
fcrnnofnrao rin t "Amrnn -i

To show the type of poetry
in America by Negroes Robert
den will lecture on "I Too

done
Hay-
Sing

America" at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Buil-
ding.I
In an attempt to prove that Negro
culture is not African but typically
American, Hayden will give excerpts
from poems starting with Phyllis
Wheatly, an important minor writer
of the Revolutionary period, and
concluding with poems from Mar-
garet Walker's "For My People." She
is the winner of a 1942 Yale Series
for Younger Poets.
He will also present recordings of
the James Welton Johnson series-a
collection of Negro folk lore in music.
Open to the public free of charge,
the lecture series is sponsored by the
Inter-Racial Association.

Terence today against -merican!
Fascists" and predicted that if con-
trol of the Democratic party became
a struggle between its "progressive
element" and conservatives he was
"confident the people will take care
of that."
"Certain American Fascists claim
I'm an idealist," Wallace said. "I
ask them to look to themselves and
ask if they have done as much to put
their ideals into practice."
He was proud to be called an
"idealist," Wallace said, adding that
he would "continue to be a practical
one." Although he used the term
"American Fascists" several times
during his press conference, he did
not identify any individual as such.
"Old-fashioned Americanism is the
last refuge of the Fascists," he said,
"but by old-fashioned Americanism
they do not mean what is implied by
Youth Charged
With Murder
McClanaghan Drowns
14-Year-Old Friend
CHARLEVOIX, Mich., July 24--P)
-Lester McClanaghan, 18, of Char-
levoix, who admitted that he held
14 - year - old Howard Dodd under
water until he drowned, waived
examination tonight before Justice
F. R. Fowler on a charge of murder.
The slender, red-haired youth was
charged with murder in a warrant
obtained late today by prosecuting
attorney C. M. Bice.
The body of the dead boy, son of
Emanuel Dodd, was found Wednes-
day night. It was thought at first
that the death was accidental, but
relatives of the boy insisted on an in-
quiry.
Sgt. Erdman Stahl, of the Gaylord
Michigan State Police Post, said that
McClanaghan, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Henry McClanaghan of Charlevoix,
admitted the prank after day-long
anestioning.

is so hated by many big business men
is the fact that he stopped making
Washington a way-station on the
road to Wall Street."
Regarding the Democratic Party's
future, Wallace said he would fight
to the last ditch to keep control of it
out of the hands of "men and cor-
porations who put money rights
above human rights."
Roslyn WeinerI
'Awarded $100f
Roslyn Weiner, sophomore medical
student, yesterday received the
Schering Award of $100 for her pa-
per on hormones.
The award was given by the Scher-
ing Chemical Company of New Jer-
sey.
She entered the contest in Novem-
ber, 1942, and her picture and a bi-
ographical sketch will be featured in
a forthcoming issue of the Interne,
magazine for medical students. Miss
Weiner did her pre-medical studying
at the University of Chicago.

Vatican Denies
Pope's Protest, _
To Roosevelt
LONDON, July 24.-(M)-The Vati-
can radio, in a German language
broadcast beamed to Germany, to-
night branded as "entirely unfound-,
ed," German and Italian news
agencies reports that Pope Pius XII
had protested to President Roosevelt
over Monday's bombing of Rome, and
also said that the Pontiff did not be-
lieve that American pilots intention-
ally set out to damage holy places.
The broadcast, which emphasized
that the Pontiff is impartial in the
war, denied the Axis statements that
after the raid the Pope called to the
Vatican U. S. ,Charge D'Affairs Har-
old H. Tittmann, Jr.
A partial text as recorded by the
Associated Press:
"Reports put out by DNS (German
official news agency), according to
which the Pope had made a personal
protest to President Roosevelt about
the bombing of Rome, as well as a
report that United States Charge
D'Affaires Mr. Tittman had been
called to the Vatican on the evening
of the day the bombing took place,
are both entirely unfounded.
"The facts are that the frontal
part of the cathedral has been de-
stroyed but the antique crypt of the
Basilica, as well as the grave of Pope
Pius are unharmed."

By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 25, Sunday-Large,
formations of American Flying
Fortresses pounded the big Ger-
man base of Trondheim in Norway
by daylight yesterday in their longest.,
flight in this theater and their first
attack on that German-held country,
a communique announced .early to-
day. An aluminum plant at Heroya
in southern Norway also was at
tacked, and 17 enemy fighters were
shot down.
"The bombing results were good at
both targets," the U.S. Army Head..
quarters communique said.f d
One American bomber failed t©.>'
return out of the big forces used in
the operation. It landed in Sweden.
safely, and its crew of 10 was in-
terned.
Three formations participated.,!
One, finding heavy clouds prevented
accurate aiming, returned to its base
with its bomb loads in order to avoid,
indiscriminate bombing.
Opposition Is Light
Fighter opposition, and anti-air-
craft fire were described 'as compara-
tively light.
Trondheim, called the "Gibraltar
of the North," is a Nazi U-boat and
warship base sheltered by its fjord.
approach. It is a threat to the niorth-
ern supply route to Russia and Was
the last reported haven of Germany's
great battleship the Trpitz and two
10,000-ton cruisers of the Admiral
Hipper class.
Heroya is within a hundred miles
of the Norwegian capital of Oslo.
The attacks involved round-trip
flights of more than 1,200 miles.
One formation hit the target at
Heroya in three groups, each a half
hour apart. Some bombs apparently
landed in a factory dynamite dump,
for flames roared up a half-mile
high.
A 'Wonderful' Raid
A French observer-Colonel Cor-
niglion-Molinier, commanding offi-
cer of the Fighting French airforce
in Great Britain-said that when the
bombs hit Heroya the entire factory
went "poof." He called the raid
"wonderful, marvelous, beautiful"
"Boy, what a mess we left that
vital target in," said another flier
referring to objectives at Heroya.
Returning members of Flying Fort-
ress crews reported the raid was
"easy," despite the fact that it meant
carrying a terrific bomb load further
than the distance to Berlin and al-
most as far as Prague in Czechoslo-
vakia.
1111d1
Wile Warns',
Major Parties
Would Eliminate Racial
Discrimination in U.S.
NEW YORK, July 24.-()-Wen-
dell L. Willkie, outlining seven es-
sential steps which he said would
help eliminate any racial discrimi-
nation in the United States,,tonight
told both major political parties that
their "attitudes must be changed'
in approaching the Negro vote.
Urging political and economic
equality for Negroes, the 1940 Repub-
lican Presidential candidate asserted
that the two most pressing Negro
problems today were , inadequate
housing and lack of political status.
In an address broadcast by the
Columbia Broadcasting System dtr-
ing a special program called an
"Open Letter on Race Hatred," which
presented a dramatized version of
the race disturbances in Detroit last
month, Willkie said:
"Our two major political parties
have their separate ways of ap-
proaching the Negro vote. One has

BROTHERS IN WAR:
Structure of Fraternity Life
Is at Stake Now, Graham Says

LADY PRECIOUS STREAM:

Players To Give Chinese Drama

Ann Arbor residents and students
will have an opportunity to see a
Chinese drama done in typical Ori-
ental style when "Lady Precious
Stream" is presented by the Michigan
Repertory Players of the speech de-
partment at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The play which is more than 2,000
years old, tells of a young Chinese
maiden of noble birth who falls in

'Vy

Western productions, this Chinese
drama will included property men in

full view of the audience, whose job
will be to anticipate the actors' every
need. While the keynote of the back-
ground will be simplicity in black and
silver, the costumes of the charac-
ters will be richly colored and highly
ornamented with gold and silver
trimmings.
Known as a drama seasoned with
alternate dashes of poetry and wit,
"Lady Precious Stream" was trans-

"The whole structure of fraternity
life is at stake now; a nucleus must
be kept if these organizations are to
continue after the war," Charles
Graham, vice-president of Slater's
Book Store, said yesterday.
Graham, a Psi Upsilon on the
campus during the first World War,
expressed his belief that fraternities
have a better opportunity now than
25 years ago. "More people are look-
ing out for their interests, they have
an Interfraternity Council to repre-
sent them, there is no interference

movie dates with the new rushees,"
he added.
"A man could be pledged at any
time during the semester without
any delay," another fraternity man
said, "much Ithe same as the new
rushing rules devised for the dura-
tion of this war."
"Deferred rushing originated after
the first war," he said, "so at that
time there was open rushing. The
pressure of deferred rushing was re-
leased at the time of the depression,
making it possible for a man to be
initiated practically as soon as he
was pledged. University supervision

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