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...WHILE WE WATCH.
I'VE BEEN TRYING to. keep out of this service
men vs. civilian rumpus that's had our
peaceful little town somewhat agog the past
It's nothing for a neutral to get involved
Too mueh like playing with two mangles
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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of Student Publications.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Mary Anne Olson
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARJ BORRADAILE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Is Real GOP Issue
WENDELL WILLKIE'S threat to stump the
entire state of Illinois thoroughly for the
'Presidential primary race is no "joke" in spite of
the good Colonel Robert McCormick's comment.
Maybe it seems funny to the publisher of
the notorious Chicago Tribune that Willkie
favors world-wide cooperation; maybe it is
amusing that the outstanding Republican in
the country is an advocate of liberal internal
politics. Perhaps Col. McCormick thinks that
the United States is still an advocate of the
good old-fashioned system of laissez-faire.
Well, all this may. amuse the Colonel, but it
isn't funny to the American people.
No longer do the great majority of citizens
believe that we can stay at home and like it.
Nor do they maintain that we should follow
that worn-out policy of "ostriceiism" The .fact
that the American foreign policy during the
last ten years has tended. more and more
toward international cooperation is indica-
tive of a change in middle class thinking. And
all this talk on post-war planning has not
been witl out effect.
So the issue between McCormick and Willkie
has resolved itself to this, the greatest issue of
the day--American relations to the rest of the
world and liberal internal domestic policies, as
Willkie put it. The struggle in reality will be be-
tween two factions within the Republican party
itself-nationalism vs. internationalism.
This little race, however, isn't going without
it's mud-slinging-at least not if the Colonel
has anything to say about it. He is so much the
withered-up isolationist that anything sugges-
tive of friendliness toward other countries is
a betrayal of America. Maybe that is why he
said, "I don't believe that foreigner (meaning
Willkie) can carry the state of Illinois." Maybe
that is why he told newspapermen,."As things
. stand now, any Republican nominee except
Willkie can beat Roosevelt."
But if Gallup polls and former election returns
are indicative of American public opinion, Col.
McCormick is going to be in for a big surprise,
It may be that no Republican' candidate but
Willkie will have a chance to defeat the Pesi-.
The tragedy will be, not if Willkie is nomi-
nated, but if the Repiablicans go back to their
traditions and choose a man of McCormick's
sentiments.- -Virginia Rock
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July 18.-What does the inva-
sion of Sicily mean? It means there is no For-
tress Europa any more. What can be done at one
point can be done at another. It means that a
year of Hitler propaganda about the European
fortress is thrown out the window. The roof of
the fortress has leaked for a long time. Now we
see that its doors fly open when kicked.
Sicily means that the second front is tacti-
cally possible. We did not really know this
before. Hitler did not know it. The Allies did
not know it, and their enemies did not know
it. The Allies had hoped that a second front
was tactically possible. Now they know that
it is, which is very different.
Those among us who have talked idly, or
speculatively, or hopefully, of some alternative
method of warfare besides the second front,
perhaps pure air war, can do so no longer. They
used to be able to say: "Maybe it must be pure
air war, because maybe a second land front is
impossible." Those maybes were defeated on the
beaches of Sicily. The whole character of West-
ern public discussion of the war is affected.
Oddly enough, Sicily has as much meaning
for the Pacific, for Japan, as it has for Europe.
TheAxis's atempted excuses, its explanations
tha Sicily is only an island, will not greatly
hearten the Axis's island ally in the east. Only
an island, is it? So is the main body of Japan
only an island, and her most important pos-
sessions are only islands.
But these, so far, are surface meanings, the
obvious effects of a great event. Let us dig
Sicily has ruled out the danger of a stale-
mate. Stalemate vas Hitler's last hope. Winston
Churchill warned us of this on May 20, when he
said, in -the most ominous terms: "There is one
grave danger which will go along with us to
the end. That danger is the undue prolongation
of the war. No one can tell what new compli-
cations and perils might arise in four or five
more years of war, and it is the dragging out of
var at enormous expense till the democracies
are tired and bored or split that the main hopes
of Germany and Japan must now reside."
Sicily is a blow against stalemate. Hitler's
loss of the hope of stalemate is his most stun-
ning defeat in Sicily, far more important than
the coming loss of Sicily itself.
It makes it necessary for Hitler to change
his strategy, and it leaves him no strategy to
change to. Russia proved that the Hitler offen-
sive was not invincible, and Sicily proves the
Hitler defensive is not invincible.
The test of a great event is its repercussions,
its ability to generate other great events. If
we glance back at the American scene now, we
see that those few ex-isolationists who have
asked that we postpone conclusions in Europe,
and concentrate on other fronts, have been
placed in as awkward a dilemma as Hitler
Their "line," like his, is shattered. It was all
very well to say: "Don't go into Europe, it's im-
possible." Now it is not only possible, it is ac-
tual; we are in Europe. If they would continue
their "line," they will have to say: "Come on back
out of Europe." This they cannot say.
So. every influence in the world 'that has been
making for stalemate has been affected by the
invasion of Sicily. Sicily is not only a great mil-
itary enterprise; it is great statesmanship. Look
at it closely, and you will see that this is the
West's first body blow at fascism. It has come
at last, even though it looked like a mere opera-
tion against an island.
Fascism and its friends, willing and unwilling,
conscious and unconscious, have equally been
overrun. This is what we have waited ten years
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
once. Personally I think it's a situation that
unavoidably and naturally arises out of two
strange elements being thrown together, and
after a while the servicemen will get used to
their nice -new uniforms and the civilians will
get used to seeing them and everyone should
get along just fine. Strictly a question of
But here's a thought which I've heard ex-
pressed by several Army and Navy boys here,
and one which I've had flit through my own
mind occasionally. These men are servicemen in
the true sense of the word, they follow a fairly
rigid military pattern, despite the continuance
of their college educations, and in case of the
soldiers, all have gone through reception center
Nearly every Army man who has been in a
camp will tell you that the most enjoyable
feature is the PX, Post Exchance. I believe
it's called the Shin's Canteen in the Navy.
These official canteens sell the servicemen
cverything from shoelaces to hair tonic at
They're good spots relaxing and talking things
over during the little spare time the men are
allowed, they can get soft drinks, candy bars,
hamburgers, and in most places 3.2 beer. These
canteens are considered -a traditional part of
SUCH BEING the case, why not have a ser-
vice canteen for the men stationed here,
where the pay is no more than anywhere else
and where prices are probably as high as you'll
find anywhere in the country. I also think it
has the added attraction of being a place they
can call their own, where they won't feel that
social stigma (as it is considered by many
judging from their recent comments) of wear-
ing the uniform, will extend.
The USO, YWCA, the Union and the League
have had an admirable share in making the boys
feel at home, and there is talk that a permanent
USO building will soon be available. A Service
Canteen would round out the serviceman's re-
laxing hours' facilities very neatly.
A project like this would probably require
Army sanction, which, I believe would be easily
obtained for purposes of morale. At the same
time it would be a very effective gesture on the
part of the University or a University sponsored
organization to set up something of that na-
ture, by way of making the service students feel
at home at Michigan. A little good will can pay
off in many ways.. -J. M.
WASHINGTON, July 18.-If Congress ever
took seriously Jesse Jones' demand for an in-
vestigation of his row with Henry Wallace, the
probing of certain activities, especially rubber
buying in Brazil, would give the public a real
Probably Jesse doesn't know all that is going
on under his direction in Brazil. Or perhaps his
demand for an investigation was mere bluff.
For instance, he may or may not know that
one of his executives supposed to be busy
buying up rubber in Brazil, William Graham,
spends part of his time collecting monkeys and
Graham has about 200 employees under him,
including machinists, carpenters, and welders
who build barracks and keep the river boats and
other equipment in condition. But some of them
are called upon to make repairs on Graham's
swanky jungle home, also to fix his yacht, and
build cages for his birds and monkeys.
Granam is proud of his wild-life collection
and even procured some steel drums-classi-
fied as strategic material-which he installed
in trees and on the grounds of his estate as
drinking fountains and bird baths.
One carpenter at Manaos spent an entire Sun-
day building cages for birds and monkeys, in re-
turn for which Graham promised him a week off
with pay. Another employee was ordered by
Graham to stencil a winged alligator on Gra-
ham's yacht. The employe spent two days with
an interpreter and run up a taxi bill of $20 look-
ing for stencil paper in Manaos stores.
Sure, the NROTC men on campus have a le-
gitimate gripe when they complain that some
local theatre owners haven't been admitting
them at regular servicemen's prices.
But, Jerry Hoag, manager of the Michigan,
has pointed out that his theatre has been giv-
Christianity, like Judaism, re- Events T.1otda '
sides in that mystical vision of .'
excellence which inspires persons, International Center: The Chinese
families and groups and whole Students' Club will be hosts to Dr.
peoples to pursue the intention of B. A. Liu, foreign students, and
God which was made in the life friends, at a snack and social hour
and teaching of Jesus. That lone- in the Center at 8 p.m. Sunday, July
ly Jew, an obscure, gentle, poetic 18.
person was and is its central figure.
He died young on a Roman cross Michigan Outing Club is planning
by the. connivance of * Quislings to take a bike trip to Delhi Falls for
who in confusion played for stakes a swim. All those interested meet
too great for them to compute, at the Women's Athletic Building on
Sunday, July 18 at 2:30 p.m. Plans
We will hear about the last war- will be discussed for further activi-
lord who became Christian. We will ties this summer. Servicemen are
become acquainted with this soldier invited. For further information
who accepted Christ as Savior while call Barbara Fairman, 24471.
leading reforms, scourges and politi-
cal renovations. We will see Chiang, Graduate Outing Club will meet
this romantic Gener~al, struggling to in the club quarters at 2:30 p.m.
amalgamate Nationalist scholars, Sunday, July 18, for a hike to the
Communist reformers, and the illiter- Saginaw Forest Preserve west of
ate masses in a war avowedly demo- Ann Arbor. This is a fairly stiff hike
cratic. In the last analysis, we are to and members should plan dress and
hear about the manager of 400 mil- footwear accordingly.
lion souls in their struggle to survive
as a nation. Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Edward W. Blakeman Club, will have an outing this after-
Counselor in Religious Education noon. Meet at the Rackham Building
WORLD affairs take on some
unique aspects as we enter a
week fetaturing Chiang Kai-Shek.
Christianity seems to be getting one
more chance to save a nation or con-
fuse it. Christianity first had its
political chance to develop a Chris-
tian culture in the days of Constan-
tine. It flowered in the eleventh and
But today Protestant England and
the United States are about to de-
molish Catholic Italy and punish
Protestant Germany. Russia became
politically Christian Orthodox in the
tenth century; yet in the twentieth it
took an atheistic revolution against
the Tsar and the Church to bring the
economic and social blessings of west-
ern life to that people.
China, by a strange series of
revolutions and reforms beginning
with Sun Yat Sen's four principles
of renewal in 1911, has finally
come under the sway of a General
converted by his wife, the Sun fam-
ily and Christian missionaries.
Just what do we mean by Chris-
tianity? Not the political institutions
which landed us in two world wars
in a generation. Not the clash of
ideologies which run beneath those
wars. Not the wealth and trade and
prowess for which nations struggle.
(Continued from Page 3)
vance so that an examination may
Psychology 42 Makeup final exam-
ination Thursday, July 22 from 2-4
in Room 2125 Natural Science Build-
Students in Speech: A demonstra-
tion of clinical procedures in the
treatment of various types of speech
abnormalties will be given at the
Speech Assembly at 3 p.m. Wednes-
day in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Graduate Students in Speech: A
graduate symposium on the subject
of speech science will be held at 4
p.m. Monday in the West Conference
Room of the Rackham Building.
Faculty Concert: Palmer Christ-
ian, University Organist, and Hardin
VanDeursen, Assistant Professor in
the Voice Department of the School
of Music, will appear in the second
Faculty Concert at 8:30 p.m. Tues-
day, July 20, in Hill Auditorium. The
public is cordially invited.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
at 3 o'clock. The outing will conclude
with a picnic supper.
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will ofer its regular Sunday program
this afternoon at 4:30 in the Fire-
place Room of Lane Hall. All stu-
dents are invited to attend these
Delta Kappa Gamma members
from out-of-town chapters are in-
vited -to attend a picnic at 5:30 p.m.
July 21 in Ypsilanti. Please call
University extension 2152 by Monday
Record Concert at Graduate
School: Another weekly record con-
cert will be given Tuesday evening,
July 20, in the men's lounge of the
Horace H. Rackham School of Grad-
uate Studies. The program will be-
gin at 7:45 o'clock. Servicemen are
Forums on Religion: July 20, 21,
22, West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building, 2 to 4 p.m.
First Congregational Church, State
and William. Minister, Rev. Leonard
A. Parr; Director Student Guilds,
Rev. H. L. Pickerill; Director Music,
Public worship at 10:45 a.m. The
subject of the sermon by Dr. Parr will
be "Wings and Wheels." The student
guilds and servicemen will have a
picnic supper and outing at Riverside
Park from 4:30 to :30.
Memorial Christian Church (Disci-
ples) 10:45 a.m., Morning Worship,
Rev. Frederick Cowin, Minister. 4:30
p.m. Congregational and Disciple stu-
dents and their friends will meet at
the Guild House, 438 Maynard Street,
for a trip to Riverside Park for
games, picnic supper and a vesper
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation. Class for students and
service men at 9:30 a.m. Dr. E. W.
Blakeman will lead the discussion
"Religion for Leadership." Morning
Worship Service at 10:40 o'clock. Dr.
Charles W. Brashares will preach on
"Health." Wesleyan Guild meeting
at 4:30 p.m. George Liechty and Olin
Oeschger will lead the discussion on
the subject "Health." Supper and
fellowship hour at 5:30 p.m. All serv-
ice men and students invited.
Presbyterian Church: Morning
Worship, 10:45 a.m. "The Last Best
Hope of Earth" subject of the sermon
by Dr. Lemon.
Westminster Student Guild, Third
Vesper Forum at 4 p.m. Dr. Lemon
will speak on "The Gentile Problem
-and the Jews." There will be an
open discussion on important ques-
tions relating to the topic. A social
hour and refreshments will follow.
Unitarian Church, State and Hu-
ron Streets. Edward H. Redman,
Minister. 11:00 a.m. Church Service
with Rev. Robert Zoerheide, minister
of the Universalist Church in Hoop-
Hstcn, Illinois preaching on: "The
Bevil Has :Plans."
12:00 m. Pot-Luck Dinner. Stu-
dents and servicemen invited a
3:<10 p.m. Folk Dancing for stu.
dents and servicemen.
GRIN AND BEAR IT
I ~ (
'; 0 "
; , I
t r.. " =.:
"M ubzdtouh otems lciusanivrsay reen
. ^ _
l - j°°.x e
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
8:00 a.m. Holy Communion; 11:00
a.m. Junior Church, Tatlock Hall;
11:00 a.m. Morning Prayer and Ser-
mon by the Rev. Robert M. Muir,
Student Chaplain; 5:00 p.m. Canter-
bury Club for Students and Service-
men. Picnic supper at the Peirsol
residence, 625 Oxford Road. Come
for prepared to play baseball. Meet at
(Continued on Page 6)
VICE EDITION 4
9 ' 43,Th-cig
LEADER TO BE PROUD OF:
President's Removal of Wallace, Jones
Again Confirms His Leadership Ability
"My husband thought un the most delicious annriversary present
-.me-he's having me followed by a private detective!"
k THE MICHIGAN DAI LY SER
THE ENGAGEMENT of of History made the con- COACH R
Laura Ponievozik, '46, of vincing statement that al- not worryi
Dearborn, to Midshipman seemhAtnArbendmy lack of ba
seem a bit unfriendly at -
Homer Swander', USNR, first there are many ways for a 1943
former managing editor of for servicemen to get ac- but he is wc
The Daily was announced quainted and that if they fact that hi
recently by Miss Ponievo- do half the work the town formers wil
zik's parents . . . No date and . campus will do the bility, lack
has been set for their wed- other half. participate
ding as yet. here, he sai
WORKING ON CAM- Most of th(
* *~ * 1 PUS now are about fifty has returne
STARTING a controVer- Japanese-Americans from summer tel
sy that everyone feels dif- relocation camps out west jority of t
These men are em- some brane)
ferently about, Pvt. Larry ployed in the Union, the services an
B. Marton of the ASTP West Quad and other parts pretty well
stationed on campus re- of campus . . . They like their studi
cently announced in a Let- the University in general the first
ter to the Editor that an and were glad to come here Coach Fish
because there is more op- If the tea
American soldier in Ann en mindedness in a large gether later
Arbor finds written on the college town, Roy Ikeda, son; he add
faces of the students and one of the employes, said be several t
townspeople here "suspi- Tuesday . . . All American- rounding te
pion, disdain, aloofness, born, these men have been the Univers
and a touch of fear." . . . trin1-chneked by the Ai - stiff cnmne
RAY FISHER is
ng about the
orried about the
is seasoned per-
l, in all proba-
the time to
in the sport
d last week-...
e varsity squad,
d here for the
rm, but a ma-
,e men are in
h of the armed
d thus will be
es, at least for
few weeks, in
per's opinion ...
m can get to-
r on in the sea-
ed, there should
eams in the sur-
erritory to offer
sity team some
htiion. . . and.
in the Marine Reserves,
however.. Blanchard was
given the Free Press award
last week-end as the out-
standing player of the
month . . . Also still here
are Don McIntosh, Dick
Drury, "Pro" Boim and
Don Smith . . . Bill Cain
and Dick Savage are at
Camp McCoy, Wis., and
the freshman star, Dick
Walterhouse, is now at
West Point.. . Coach Fish-
er saidthe would' like to
see a team on the field,
even if the practice ses-
sions had to be few and
* * *
MICHIGAN GRID STAR
Don Boor, first sacker until
he injured his knee two
years ago, but who still
played fullback last year
for the Wolverines, has
been added to the All-Star
foalnarrme roster. it was
HE PRESIDENT made it clear that he was
still the Commander-in-Chief on the home
front, when he deprived both Wallace and Jones
of their control over foreign purchases and abol-
ished the Board of Economic Warfare.
He also made clear to some gentlemen in
Congress that bills of attainder are still
banned by our constitution and that the na-
tion is still a democracy, when he refused
under any circumstances to deprive liberals,
pmrged by the Dies and Kerr committees, of
the place to do it was not in the
1 THE CONTROVERSY, Wallace demonstrat-
ed his lack of political acumen, and his in-
ability to hold down an important war job. The
President has rightly deprived him of his powdr.
In the bill of attainder against three em-
ployes of the Federal government providing
for their reappointment by the President and
the confirmation of those appointments by
IS. 0male .the resident reaffirmed his