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'i'UtMAY,"JULY 17, 1943
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
Cf Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday and Tues-
day during the regular University year, and every morn-
Ing except Monday and Tuesday during the summer
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
Eication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Offic:: at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Marion Ford . .a. Managing Editor
Bud Brimmer . . . . Editorial Director
Leon ordenker City Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . Sports Editor
Ed Podliashuk . . . , . . Columnist
Mary Anne Olson . . . . . Women's Editor
Jeanne Lovett . . Business Manager
Molly Winokur . . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: JANE FARRANT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of 'the writers only.
Local Shop Fleeces 'he
Lambs; Boycott Needed
EVERY EVENING there are a cluster of people
waiting for a local sandwich shop to open.
There they are, little lambs waiting to be fleeced.
There is only one place open after a show or
a siege at the library. And how this shop is
open-vaiting for the kill.
Here a dish of plain ice cream costs 20 cents
and even a glass of carbonated water, fresh
from the tap costs a dime. The sugar short-
age is taken very seriously by this particular
shop; to ration this precious material, the
price of cokes has mounted to 15 cents and
even the lowly sugar cube enriches its former
owner by one penny.
A precious pale yellow drink made with sugar,
water and lemon retails at 25 cents, and a malt-
ed sells for 30 cents. And a "super-enriched"
malted which is "extra-thick" according to the
shop's commercial costs 40 cents.
After a show you may want a chocolate sun-
dae if so it will cost you 25 cents-but if you
want ice cream in your sundae it will cost ten
cents more. Here a root beer float costs 25
cents, one door west this same root beer float
may be had for 10 cents. But because the
other more honorable shops are not open in
the evening one shop can profiteer: can ask
and get any price they choose to set.
THEIRSANDWICHES are fairly reasonable-
it is the evening trade for whom the exorbi-
tant prices have been designed. The solution of
the situation is evident-the restaurant and drug
store owners should stagger their hours as much
as possible so that there is always some competi-
Adorning their walls is the notice that a
minimum charge of 15 cents so even if you had
planned to have just a glass of Miilk-you're
stuck for being hungry after 9 #6m.
Students must realize that they are being
gypped-taken advantage of and should reat
accordingly. An airtight boycott will do the
trick. It is impossible to ask when there is
only one place open to get that last snack, but
for your own good make them lower their
prices. - Margaret Prank
VERY YEAR some enterprising organization
of cheery Michigan men gets-by its own ad-
mission-a "concession" to sell freshman pots
through a local sporting goods store.
After collecting seventy-five cents, the or-
ganization directs freshmen to the store to
pick up the yellow-and-blue caps.
Then the freshman can walk the streets of
Ann Arbor in safety and be sure that he has ful-
filled the tradition of thousands of Michigan
men who went to school before 1929.
Furthermore, these pots are useful. In the
winter they keep the snows from your head
and in the summer they keep off the rain.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON .
NEW YORK, July 17.- With the invasion of
Sicily we strike at metropolitan fascism for the
first time. This is a land which has been fascist
since before some, at least, of the invading sol-
diers were born.
And so we bring democracy to it. In which
ship? Which company, of what soldiers, carries
the precious cargo, democracy? And how do
we distribute it? In the village square, or house-
Well, maybe we had better start by separating
the Sician sheep from the Sicilian goats. Some
Sicilians are fascists, some hate the fascists,
Which are which? The faces look much alike.
How is an American colonel, or a British, or a
Canadian, to tell them apart?
The plain answer is that he cannot. Is he
to judge by the willingness of some Sicilians
to help him, as against the unwillingness of
others? But some fascists will probably be
more amiable than some democrats. A Darlan
is always more tractable than a de Gaulle.
Why not? Round heels and rubber legs are
the professional equipment of the fascist. To
give in to pressure is his career. Acquiescence
is his way of life.
By nightfall of the first day our officials will
be thoroughly sick of politics. They will prob-
ably have been selected originally for their lack
of opinions anyway, as a tribute to our own
The temptation is almost insuperable to pick
somebody, anybody, a village mayor, a judge, a
policeman, and say: "Hey, you. Keep order."
After he has kept order for twenty minutes he
has a record and a place in the scheme, and is
entitled to remain in office an hour. After he
has been in office an hour, a month is easy, and
a year, too.
Viewed against this complex of practical,
difficulties, our blithe assumption that we
"bring democracy" with us is seen as the two-
dimensional thing it is. It is like bringing a
framed motto into a house in which the roof is
leaking, the kitchen is burning, the cellar is
flooding and blackmail is going on in the living
room, and all at once.
We need an operational method, as well as a
motto. That is what we lacked in Africa, and
that is why we hunch-played ourselves from
Darlan to Giraud to some kind of a committee.
But we cannot carry on the search for the brave
new world like a Hollywood story conference,
with much snapping of fingers and shouting of
"I got it!"
What operational method? I would say the
method of liberation. We do not bring democ-
racy. That is not our job. We liberate. That
is our job. It is narrower and safer.
I make the sly and almost sinister suggestion
that we begin i Sicily by instituting free
speech. We should invite the populace to talk
itself out, in an appointed square, with the
usual safeguards for military security. I know
this is a startling suggestion. But why not?
If we believe in what we fight for, then free
speech is one of our weapons. Instead of
picking among Sicilians, let them all subject
themselves to the test of the marketplace.
The fascists always institute unfree speech
when they seize a land. Why cannot we use the
particular weapons which are in our quiver?
Thus really would we bring liberation, and listen-
ing, learn and feel our way.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
DREW C $
WASHINGTON, July 17.- Friends of the
President are suggesting a plan whereby promi-
nent Italo-Americans and friends of the Vatican
might bring an early peace with Italy, thereby
saving loss of life on both sides.
The plan would be to send the following men
to Sicily or a nearby neutral country to nego-
tiate with the Vatican and those in touch with
Mussolini, possibly Count Ciano:
(1) Judge Ferdinand Pecora, Italian-born
Supreme Court judge of New York, a close
friend of the President's who staged the sen-
sational Senate Banking' Committee probe of
the Stock Market which led to the establish-
ment of the Securities and Exchange Commis-
sion. Pecora is a liberal Italian who, though
often invited to Rome by Mussolini, never fell
for Il Duce's wiles.
(2) Col. Charley Poletti, former lieutenant-
governor of New York, now in the Army.
(3) George MacDonald, wealthy utilities and
oil magnate, full of titles and honors, including
Commendatore of the Order of the Crown of
Italy, Knight of St. Gregory, Papal Chamberlain
of the Cape and Sword, Papal Marquis, Knight
Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the
Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, vice-president and
tiustee of St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. He
is a big benefactor of Catholic and secular chari-
ties, and is close to the Vatican.
(4) Major Frank Capra, Italian-born motion
picture producer, who has made history with
some of his epochal films, especially his latest
training films for the Army. Capra, never a
Mussolini-lover, is immensely popular with the
FROM THE SHOULDER
A FEW DAYS AGO Private First Class Harold
Belikoff wrote a letter to The Daily in which
dae; if so it will cost you 25 cents-but if you
of a firing squad, to machinegun 5,000;000 inno-
cent Germans he'll have to beat me over the
head a few thousand times."
In that very statement he was justifying
the execution of approximately 5,000,000 Ger-
mans who committed bestial crimes outside
the scope of direct military operations. He
was showing up men, who under orders, or of
their own volition, would shoot down what
they knew to be innocent hostages, murder wo-
men and children. As he himself has said, he
would never murder in cold blood, even under
the duress of thousands of blows. The differ-
ence between him and decent Germans, and
the 5,000,000, German murderers is the very
factor that ondemns them to death.
The people arguing against the punishment of
Nazi murderers and gangsters are what Samuel
Grafton would call "obsurantists". They keep
mumbling on the one hand that the German
people have been taught that it's perfectly moral
to kill and violate civilians, i.e., they don't know
any better, and the other hand that the Germans
are being so ruthless because they are afraid that
the wrath of the world will force their destruc-
Their conclusion is that we ought to tell the
Germans we'll let them off for a crime that sup-
posedly they don't realize they are committing.
IN MY OPINION there can be little doubt that
the Germans know the consequences of their
acts. They know the punishment civilized na-
tions mete out for crimes like murder, arson and
rape. They know it and they go ahead, staking
all on final victory.
Do you think for one minute that if they
did not know what the natural and legal pun-
ishment is for the crimes that'they have com-
mitted, that the arch-propagandist Goebbels
would le able to threaten them with national
extermination if they lost the war? Must we
appease the German murderers by telling them
that win or lose they go free? If so, what do
they risk in this war? Are they fighting a war
in which they win one way or break even the
Granting that criminals ought to be punished,
some say how will we ever know who the crim-
inals are. Won't innocent men be shot? Hardly.
The lists of the undergrounds of Europe are full
of names, millions of them and they are not all
German. They include collaborationists who
must and will be shot and even lynched.
Our plan, however, must be to bring order and
peace to Europe. At the end of the war we must
march quickly into Germany and the occupied
countries to prevent the massacre of innocent
German soldiers stationed all over Europe and
to prevent any attempted escape by the giflty
into neutral countries. In fact, any country
which decides to give a haven to German mur-
derers must be deprived of its sovereignty.
WE MUST THEN IMPRISON all known Nazi
murderers and leaders and proceed to fer-
ret out the others who are responsible for the
close to 20,000,000 crimes already committed
by the Germans in Europe. This action, if it
is swift and efficient, will have the effect of
taking the wind out of the sails of the mass
lynching party which will be advancing on
Germany from every direction.
Then every provisional government will hand
in its lists of murderers of its people and these
criminals will have to be turned over to these
governments by the occupying authority. They
will be tried in the courts of their victims and
will be sentenced according to the laws of the
victim's country. In addition private charges
will be considered against Germans if accepted
as valid by a national grand jury. Crimes com-
mitted against Germans will be tried under pre-
Nazi German law under the tutelage of the
underground. The time to file charges will ex-
pire two years after the date of unconditional
This is just one of the ways the problem may
be handled. As to the hatred it will arouse-
that cannot be helped. The Germans will
hate us for having won the war anyway, and
if we do not execute the criminals legally, not
only will we earn the hatred of the peoples of
Europe but we will risk the lynching of hun-
dreds of thousands of innocent, harmless Ger-
mans. Above all, before we get too sentimental
over the Germans we must remember that they
started the war and that they also originated
some of the world's most horrible atrocities.
We must help the Germans rebuild Germany,
but not with the help of confirmed murderers,
Rather under the courageous leadership of the
German underground we must establish a system
of enforced tolerance and democracy. But what-
ever we do to the Germans our aims must be to
make Germany a passive, impotent nation, at
least for the next couple of generations.
the Vatican. These trips were not successful.
However, it is significant that Mussolini appoint-
ed his son-in-law, Count Ciano, as Ambassador
to the Vatican. This at first was considered a
demotion, since Ciano was formerly Foreign Min-
ister. But now diplomats report it as a wise
move whereby Ciano can handle peace feelers
through the Vatican.
It Duce is immensely proud and fond of his
daughter, Countess Edda Ciano, and the dip-
lomatic grapevine reports that while he recog-
nizes his day of splendor may be over, he is
anxious that his daughter should live in com-
We're protesting against your un-
fair attitude toward the Michigan
coeds. We're neither "unfriendly"
nor "cold" as stated in the article by
Claire Sherman and Marj orra-
daile, and we're most anxious to
make the stay of all servicemen on
our campus a pleasant one. But-
the responsibility doesn't lie with us
alone. The generally saucy air Which
now 'prevails on campus prevents
any of us from showing signs of
Since you've been here, we've tried
to be hospitable, but it has been
impossible to Walk across campus
without wading knee deep in fresh
remarks. This has created a strained
situation between the coeds and you.
We realize that this campus lacks an
efficient program for making ac-
quaintances. But if you'd be a little
more congenial, you'd find us all just
as anxious to meet you as you are to
meet us. -S. H. A.
S. A. G.
'(ive Us Time'
"AN AMERICAN soldier walking
down the streets of Ann Arbor
finds written in each citizen's face a
multitude of adverse opinions-sus-
picion, disdain, aloofness, and even
a touch of fear."
This from a recent Daily editorial.
I have paced the Ann Arbor
streets a great deal since the "in-
vasion" and I find very few sol-
diers who even bother to so much
as look at my face no less to see
whether anything is written there
or not. I think our soldier friends
have a slight touch of that famil-
iar college malady-homesickness
-upon being separated from Mo-
ther for the first time.
Every newcoming freshman to the
Michigan campus goes through the
same stage for a period of time, the
length of which usually depends on
himself. I find that the first reac-
tion of the civilians on campus to
this tirade against our socialability
or lack thereof is "Well, what do
they want us to do?" The question
is fair and well put. Just what do
they want us to do? Yell, "Hi, fel-
lows," whenever a bunch of soldiers
go by? Smile at and shake hands
with every soldier one comes in con-
tact with? This is a big 'campus.
Everyone is busy and has much to
do. Surely it is not to be expected
that every walk across the campus
should become a social tete-a-tete.
The girls are certainly doing
their part-acquaintance bureau,
WAB open house, to which 16 ser-
vicemen found their way lst Sun-
day,-Satutday night League open
house, Rec Rally, and dates for
any man with the initiative to get
DOES A SOLDIER in Ann Arbor
really detect suspicion in us? Of
what do we have to be suspicious of,
pray tell?- an attempt at a new
Commando hold, or fear of being
pushed off the sidewalk? Does he
really find us in disdain?-for what,
serving in our armed forces? Howv
many civilians with "disdain" will
soon themselves be in uniform? Are
we aloof? Can any. man walk
through a city anywhere in the
U.S.A. with such a large number of
strangers and find that everyone
jumps for joy as he walks down the
street? I think not. Do we display
"a touch of fear"?-aren't we letting
our inmginations get the best of us
Come, let us not be cry-babies.
There are over four thousand ser-
vicemen at ,Michigan. You cannot
expect that in three weeks each and
every man is going to be made to
feel as much at home as if he were
at home. Give us time, make an
honest effort on your part to be
friendly and you will soon realize
the hospitality that really is Ann
Arbor. -Barney Lasehever
The coeds spoke, and the service-
men are glad to know their opinions
concerning the friendliness of Ann
Arbor. We who have come to Ann
Arbor only recently in the engineer-
ing school have more than a passing
interest in previous events, knowing
that this is to be our home for some
We know little about what has'
taken place here before "our time",
but we do have a serious desire to
right any wrongs that 'have been
done, and to become an asset to col-
lege and city life. To do so it might
help to let Michigan know a little
about its new servicemen.
The Army said, "We are going to
train you and you and you as engi-
neers and linguists and doctors be-
cause we think you are capable of
doing a decent job of it. You will
report to such and such a school for
intensive training in the subject for
which you are picked." So we re-
ported, watching our buddies ship
"P.O.E." and "A.P.O.", wanting to go
with them and get our crack at the
Axis. Everyone said it was a great
break for us to be sent to college
again-especially to Michigan-and
it was! We are all well aware of
that. But it meant that'we were all
becoming overhead; not doing any-
thing to win the war, sacrificing
nothing and living comfortably.
But Michigan may ask, "Isn't that
what you vant?" Just ask one of
the civilian-soldiers on campus what
he thinks and perhaps the answer
will be different than expected. We
want to finish our educations-yes;
but there is a war on-waiting to be
Michigan asks, "But what about
your relations with the coeds?"
Here's what I say! I left a girl in
New York. She's my age, reddish
brown hair, freckles, has a swell
laugh, is a grand swimmer, and is
more fun on a date than I have ever
had. I'm true to her, the way a fel-
low should be, but I have fun on a
date-a dance, a coke, and a laugh-
probably because it makes me think
of Dot. And there are many more
like me who have their girls at home
-away from them- and crowd
around at every mail call waiting for
Yes, we are civilian soldiers tossed
upon you at Michigan from all parts
of the country and all walks of life.
We have fight in us, but can't use
it here; but we have pride and can
use it here, and will. We ask only
that Ann Arbor and Michigan apply
the law of averages to the social
function and see if perhaps that sol-
dier or sailor or marine walking
down the street on his free time has
a heart, a girl, or a story to tell. I
think you will find that he has all
three, and is proud of all three.
-Cpl. Jim Leighton
GRIN AND BEAR IT
'Remember the good old days, Buskirk, when a fellow could lose his
temper without losing his employes!'
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SATURDAY, JULY 17, 1943
VOL. L1I, No. 15-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m
Identification Cards: Beginning
Monday, July 19, identification cards
will be ready for distribution in
Room 2, University Hall. Civilian
students in the Summer Term whose'
pictures have been taken since June
23' should call for their cards.
All freshmen on campus are cord-
ially invited to the first organization
meeting of the FreshmhanGlee Club,
Monday, July 19, 7 to 8 p.m., Glee
Club Rooms, 3rd floor, Michigan Un-
ion. Come and sing the Michigan
songs! Freshmen are eligible for the
Varsity Glee Club, second semester.
Conductor Varsity Glee Club
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St.: Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8:00. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30. Subject: "Life'.
Sunday School at 11:45. Free public
Reading Room at 106 E. Washington
St., open every day except Sundays
and holidays from 11:30 a.m. until
Students, Suimer Session, Col-
lege, Literature, Science, and Arts:
Except under extraordinary circum-
stances, courses dropped after the
third week, Saturday, July 17, will
be recorded with a grade of E.
-E. A. Walter
Students, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:'
No course may be elected for credit
after today. -E. A. Walter
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
I filed after the end of the first week
of the serhester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean
Walter. Students who fail to file
their election blanks by the close of
the third week, even though they
have registered and have attended
classes unofficially will forfeit their
privilege of continuing in the Col-,
lege. -E. A. Walter
School of Education Students:
Courses dropped after Saturday, July
17, will be recorded with the grade
of E except under extraordinary cir-
cumstances. No course is considered
officially dropped unless it has been
reported in the Office of the Regis-
trar, Room 4, University Hall.
School of Education, Changes of
Elecgtions in the S ummer Term : N~n
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in the School of Education
will be held on the morning of Aug.
23, 24 and 25 from 9 until 12. Anyone
intending to take these examinations
should notify my office at once.
-Clifford. Woody, Chairman of
Committee on Graduate Study
The make-up examinations in his-
tbry will be given on Friday, July 23,
from 4 until 6 o'clock in Room C,
Haven Hall. Any student expecting
to take the examination should get
his instructor's permission in ad-
vance so that an examination may
Psychology 42 Makeup final exam-
ination Thursday, July 22 from 2-4
in Room 2125 Natural Science Build-
Graduate Students in Speech: A
graduate symposium on the subject
of speech science -will be held at 4'
p.m. Monday in the West Conference
Room of the Rackham Building.
Students in Speech: A demonstra-
tion of clinical procedures in the'
treatment of various types of speech
abnormalties will be given at the
Speech Assembly at 3 p.m. Wednes-
day in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Graduate Students in Speech: A
graduate symposium on the subject
of speech science will be held at 4'
p.m. Monday in the West Conference