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July 14, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-14

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4 ailfl

Weather
Thundershower's

VOL. LII, No. 12-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 14, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allied

Troops

Take

Five

Sicilian

(4'

Reds Halt German Drive on

Vital Orel-Kursk Sector

+>

Nazis Suffer
Heavy Losses
In Belgorod
Berlin Admits Advance
Slowed, Blames Its
Difficilties on Weather
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 14, Wednesday-
The badly-mauled German Army,
now stopped cold on the northern
sector of the central front, did not
even attempt a large-scale attack
Tuesday in the Orel-Kursk sector,
Moscow declared early today, and it
lost 96 tanks and 1,100 men in a
futile plunge in the Belgorod area to
the south.
Moscow's midnight bulletin indi-
cated that the German offensive had
begun to sap Nazi resources on its
ninth day. Even Berlin said its drive
had slowed, attributing its difficul-
ties to "the weather."
Nazi Losses Heavy
Moscow's explanation of Ger-
many's failure to crack the Red
Army lines was the Nazi loss of 2,772
tanks, 1,187 planes and tens of thou-
sands of casualties in the fighting to
date.
On the raging Belgorod front the
Russians said they even had recov-
ered some lost ground in whittling
down a German wedge that had been
driven into Red Army lines.
Hitler Rumored in Command
The sluggish pace of Germany's
belated summer drive gave rise to-
day to a report from a usually reli-
able foreign diplomatic source that
Aolf Hitler had assumed contrl of
the German offensive, relegating
Marshall Von Kluge and the gener-
als to the back seat again. This
source said Hitler intended to broad-
en the Kursk offensive into a great
gamble for a major breakthrough.
Hitler was said to have taken charge
July 8, three days after the attack
was launched to forestallhprepara-
tions of the Russians for an offensive
of their own.
If the report were true (and there
was no confirmation), military ob-
servers said they considered it one
of the most fortuitous developments
of the war.
Student Directory
Is On Sale Today
The summer Student Directory,,
University of Michigan publication,
listing the name, address, phone
number, and home town of every stu-
dent on campus is now on sale at
campus posts and book stores.
The official telephone numbers of
the Army and Navy units are also
listed-but students are requested
not to use them for social purposes.
On sale today at bookstores, the
Union and League, and at four cam-
pus posts located at the engine arch,
the diagonal, in front of the Union
and on State Street, the directory will
cost 60c.

Hoppenot To
Succeed Robert
In Martinique
Caribbean 'Weak Link'
Joins Anti-Axis Lineup
As Nationals Take Over
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 13.- Marti-
nique, long suspect as a weak link in
the American defense arc of the
Caribbean because of Vichy French
domination, joined the anti-Axis
lineup today with announcement
that the French National Commit-
tee of liberation had taken control.
The state department announced
that Henri Hoppenot of the French
Military Mission in Washington
has been appointed by the com-
mittee, headed jointly by Generals'
Henri Giraud and Charles De-
Gaulle, to succeed Admiral Geor-
ges Robert as French High Com-
missioner for the Antilles.
- Admiral Robert, who radioed an
offer to negotiate a change of au-
thority two weeks ago, had "ex-
pressed a desire to relinquish his
authority," the state department an-
nounced. '
The acceptance of Hoppenot's
designation by the Committee of
Liberation at Algiers is not to be
construed as affecting either pro
or con the question of this govern-
ment's relation" with the commit-
tee the statement said.
"Mr. Hoppenot has assured the
government of the United States
that the facilities and resources of
the French Antilles will be devote
to the fullest extent to the prosecu-
tion of the war against the Axis."
Tied up in Martinique harbor are
the aircraft carrier Bearn, two light
cruisers, a half dozen tankers and
several other merchant ships.
Yanks Move on
Munda Base
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC. Julyj
14, Wednesday- With a Japanese
task force thwarted in efforts to sup-
ply the beleaguered garrison at Mun-~
da and sent fleeing to the north,,
American ground troops on New
Georgia have moved up cautiously
against the enemy air base and met
"stiffening resistance."
Today's communique confirmed
that the second battle of the Kula;
Gulf, which occurred in the darkness,
of Monday night and early Tuesday,]
was another smashing United States
naval victory with an enemy cruiser
and three destroyers definitely sunk
and two other enemy destroyers
probably sunk.
The advance of our ground forcesi
against Munda is continuing despite
stiffening enemy resistance," report-+
ed the latest communique from Gen.
Douglas MacArthur.

First Yank Invaders of Sicilian Coast

Pictured above are the first American troops to invade Sicily. The
men, guns ready, are swarming off landing barges into the surf and are
headed for the Sicilian shore. This scene was repeated many times

over as American and British soldiers, eager for battle, took the first
strike at the fortress of Europe. At the present, the Allies are well up
the eastern coast to Messina, vital Sicilian port.

owns
Axis Rushes
Divisions To
Stem Drive
Goering Crack Troops
Collide with Patton;
6,000 Captives Taken
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, July 13.- British
troops swarmed ashore today near
Catania, midway up the eastern Si-
cilian coast toward Messina, and
also captured the port of Augusta,
while the crack Hermann Goering
Division tried to halt spreading
American gains on the Allied left
flank to the southwest.
Altogether the Allies captured five
more towns today for a total of 15
in their swift invasion; behind them
supply troops were bringing food
for Sicilians.
Goering's Troops Attacked
Rushing from the interior to stiff-
en Italy's fourth Livorno Division,
Goering's troops collided for the first
time in force with the Americans
under Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr.,
Sunday near Gela.
The Americans knocked out 10
old-type German Mark IV tanks and
swept inland 20 miles to meet British
and Canadian armies at Ragusa to
form a solid junction throughout
southeastern Sicily along primary
and secondary roads. Floridia and
Palazzolo fell to the British and Ca-
nadians in their swift drive inland
from captured Syracuse to join
hands with the Americans.
Goering's troops were believed re-
forming for another slash at the
Americans.
6,000 Prisoners Taken
More than 6,000 prisoners have
been taken, including four lieutenant
colonels who walked into Allied lines
to surrender. Gen. Anchilles D'Avet,
commander of-the,206th-Italian
coastal division, also was captted-
the first ranking enemy of ficer
bagged since the invasion began last
Saturday.
This would indicate sagging Ital-
ian morale, but later aerial recon-
naissance reported an important
flow of Axis reinforcements, pre-
sumably Germans among them, from
the interior. They were rushing for
the American positions on the Allied
left flank. Patton's troops already
had knocked out one serious enemy
counterattack, but not before the
enemy penetrated clear to the beach-
es.
The capture of Modica, ten miles
northwest of Ispica in southeast Si-
cily, was reported by Ross Munro,
correspondent with Canadian forces.
* * *
Rommel Shot,
Report Claims
LONDON, July 13.-(AP-A round-
about and wholly unconfirmed re-
port said tonight that Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel was shot down by Al-
lied fighter pilots on his way to
Sicily Tuesday. There has been no
Allied claim of such en incident.
The report was said to have origi-
nated with the German underground
radio station "Atlantic," which was
quoted by the Swedish newspaper
Svenska Dagbladet. The Swedish re-
port was sent to London by a Reuters
correspondent.

Repertory To
Present Barrie
Play Tonight
'Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire'
Is Second Offering
Of Production Season f
Ann Arbor theatre-goers will haveE
an opportunity to see the popular2
Sir James Barrie play, "Alice-Sit-by-k
the-Fire" when the Michigan Reper-
tory Players of the Department of
Speech present the first performance
at 8:30 p.m. today on the stage off
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. 1
Cast in the leading roles of Colonelr
Grey and Alice are John BabbingtonI
and Patricia Meikle. This nostalgic
satire of the theatre at the beginning
of the cetury is filled with farcicalt
complications involving Alice and her
daughter, Amy Grey.
Others in the cast include Marciaf
Nelson as Amy, George Hale ast
Stephen Rollo, and Clara Behringer,
John Hathaway, Lillian Moeller, Opal
Motter, and Blanche Holpar.
Directors of the production are
Valentine Windt and Claribel Baird,
with settings done by Herbert Phil-t
ippi. Costumes were in charge of
Aline Felton, and Donald Horton is
technical director.
This play is the second in a series
of five to be presented this summer
by the Repertory Players, now in
their fifteenth season.
"Alice- Sit -by -the -Fire" will run
for four performances only, today1
through Saturday. Individual tick-
ets are now on sale at the box office,
from 10 a.m. till 8:30 p.m.
Volunteers Are
Needed by OPA
Ann Arbor will be walking all dur-
ing the month of August if more
people don't volunteer to aid the local1
ration board in getting the gas ra-
tion books out. I
With more than 40,000 ration
books to be mailed by July 31, only
3,000 have been sent out so far.
The ration board is making a des-i
perate plea to University students to
volunteer to help get the books out.1
Students may work during the week:
9 a.m. to 12 noon, 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.,
and 7:30 p.m. to 10 p.m. On Sat-1
urdays the office is open only in the
afternoons. Applicants are to see Mrs.
Bennett at the C. D. V. O. in the
Armory, 223 E. Ann.
--WT- - ----

$1,200 NEEDED IN DRIVE:
Kids from Fresh Air

,Camp To sell Tags,
Eighty sunburned "kids" who have it is imperative that m
enjoyed nearly a month's vacation at camp open for these y
the University of Michigan Fresh Prof. F. N. Menefee, dir
Air Camp will come to town tomor- camp, said. "With th
row to sell students, faculty mem- tensions as the result
hers, servicemen, and Ann Arbor res- and the great number
idents a little tag as a part of a reg- who are working, there
ular campaign to raise $1,200. need for such an organiz
A twenty-threes year old tradition Fresh Air Camp is."
at the University, the Tag Day Drive The boys selling tags
furnishes the main support for the tioned at campus and
Fresh Air Camp which is open two posts from 9 a.m. till 3
months to furnish boys from metro. morrow.
politan areas with a real vacation. The drive held last sl
Many of the boys who have be- more than $1,300.
come problems at home and are sent-
to the camp by social agencies oper- F
ating in Detroit, Pontiac, and sur- Freshman Si
rounding areas are helped by the Be e
expert staff of sociologists, psychia- W ill 1 eld
trists, and psychologists at the camp.
Located near Pinckney, on Patter- All Freshmen are inv
son Lake, the camp has become a Freshmen smoker to be
"laboratory in human relationships". Ball Room of the Lea
It is a unique organization in that p.m. today, Johnny Greet
it provides students with an oppor- announced yesterday.
tunity for practical experience in the This annual affair
study of sociological and psychologi- many of the campus c4
cal problems. well as members of the co
This year more than ever before and football coaches.
The subject of these t
the activities on the cam
Bo ber Fund pictures of the Michigan-
football game of last y
Asks Donations shown.
Prof. David Matten of
of Music will then lead t
New Two-Week Drive the singing of college s(

we keep the
oung boys,"
ector of the
e increased
of the war,
of parents
is a greater
ation as the
will be sta-
* downtown
:30 p.m. to-
pring netted
,oker
Today
vited to the
held in the
gue at 7:30
n, chairman,
will present
elebrities as
llege faculty
talks will be
pus. Moving
Notre Dame
'ear will be
the School
he group in
ongs.

* *
Junior Oreult
Wins Eleventh
All-Star Game
Capacity Crowd Sees
American Leaguers
Whip Nationals, 5-3
SHIBE PARK, Philadelphia, July
13-(PI)-The American League wrote
new words to an old tune tonight
and thrashed the National League 5
to 3 in the 11th annual All-Star
baseball spectacle before a capacity
crowd of 31,938.
In the previous dream games when
the American League built up a big
margin of seven victories to three
defeats, it almost always was "the
New York Yankees against the whole
National League." Tonight not a
single one of the American League
champions got into the contest.
But they were not missed because
Bobby Doerr, the smooth, silent sec-
ond baseman of the Boston Red Sox,
smashed a three-run homer into the
left field stands in the second inning
and to all intents and purposes de-
cided the struggle then and there.
These runs and another in the
third came off rosy-cheeked Mort
Cooper, one of five of the World
Champion St. Louis Cardinals who
started for the senior circuit and it
marked his fourth failure against
AmericanhLeague slugging-twice in
the World Series and last year in the
All-Star affair at the Polo Grounds.
The National League began con-
fidently with a run in the first inn-
ing against Emil (Dutch) Leonard,
the knuckleball specialist of the
Turn to Page 4, Col. 1

SHE ESCAPED GESTAPO:
Former Norwegian Editor,
Elsa Roed, Will Speak Here

Former editor of a leading Nor-
wegian women's magazine, Miss Elsa
Margretha Roed, will speak this noon
at the regular Rotary club luncheon 1
at the Union and at a public lecture
in the Ethel Fountain Hussey Room
of the League.
Miss Roed escaped from the Ges-
tapo after the Nazis invaded Nor-
way. Besides her journalistic ca-
reer Miss Roed worked with the
underground, and when the Gesta-
po discovered her connections with
the movement she fled from Nor-
way.
She made the trip through the
mountains on foot to Sweden after
which she went to England where
she served the exiled Norwegian gov-
einment.
Describing the unconquered spir-

"Until that day comes, Nor-
wegians will continue to keep their
country alive for the day of liber-
ation," she said.
Following her public lecture this

Needs Strong Support
Contributions by both individuals
and campus organizations are asked
by the Bomber Scholarship Fund j
which opened a two-week drive
Monday to swell their present total of
approximately $20,000 in war bonds.
Donations may be turned in to
Dean Walter B. Rea, Room 2, Uni-
versity Hall, or may be mailed to him
by check.
"We hope that the students and
organizations will show us the same
splendid support that they gave dur-
ing our drive at the close of the
spring semester," Mary June Hastrei-
ter, '44, said yesterday.
Money contributions to the func
will be converted into war bonds foi
the duration. After the war, scholar-
ships will be provided by this func
for returning University men anc
women who served in the armed
forces. A goal of $100,000 in bondq
has been set by the Bomber Scholar-
ship to be achieved before the enc

i
Ir

INTERNEES WORK ON CAMPUS:

Japanese-Americans Like It Here

"You distrust us because of the ,
color of our skin or the shape of oura
eyes, but most of you don't realize
that we also distrust you. We are
afraid to take jobs for fear of mob
violence. That is why we came here
to a college town, where people are
educated and broadminded," Roy
Kazumi Ikeda, West Quad employe,
said yesterday.
He and many other Japanese from
relocation centers in Arkansas and
Utah arrived here last week, swell-
ing the number of Japanese-Ameri-
cans in Ann Arbor to more than 70
men.
Men Employed at Unskilled Jobs
The new arrivals are employed
throughout the University campus.

ing out of suitcases, with no idea
where we would be sent.
"Then we were sent to Camp
Jerome. It was located in a drained
swamp and the mud stuck to your
feet like glue. The camp was made
up of unfinished wooden barracks.
We got to work, cutting down trees
and building our own furniture.
The Army, however, provided the
beds.
"At first we were packed into one
room with no privacy. Later things
got better, when they gave partments
to families. We ran our own camps,
got up committees for entertainment,
education, sanitation and other com-
munity activities.
IT nl .nn nA C ar. Q an,4 nn

ers. Every time the Japanese gov-
ernment or Army commit outrages,
internees do not want to leave the
camp."
Some of the other boys were angry
at the government, saying that they
had been deprived of their rights as
citizens and were being discriminated
against in comparison with Ameri-
cans of German and Italian descent,
and even with German and Italian
aliens.
Men Praise Ann Arbor Tolerance
All the Japanese-.Americans were
lavish in their praise of the Univer-
sity students and townspeople for
their tolerant and understanding at-
titude. One said, "It s sure was a
change to come here from Arkansas.

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