THE1 -MICHIVGAN II .
S ATT1MAV, JiJ'TY 10, 1949
...WHILE WE WATCH..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular Universty year, and evey morhiig except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer sesson.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is excusvely entitledstosthe use
for republication of al news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Marion Ford . . . . Managing Editor
Bud Brimmer . . . Editorial Director
Leon' Gordenker . . . . . . City Editor
Harvey Frank . . -. . . Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . Women's Editor
Jeanne Lovett . . . . . Business Manager
Molly Winokur . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FANK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Labor Fears Clamps
On Its Powr of Action
YABOR'S recent formation of a Political Action
Committee headed by Sidney Hilinan fore-
casts a third element in the already explosive
Congress and the President are waging a
private war of their own which is taking prece-
dence over the military war this nation is sup-
posedly devoting every effort to win. Now
labor, bitter about the passage of the Smith-
Connally Act over the President's veto, is tak-
ing 'the only possible action to stop further
Congressional clamps on the freedom of action
which labor has enjoyed during the Roosevelt
While it is yet too early to ascertain the exact
function of this new Committee, a major part
of its action could very well be Congressional lob-
The passage by Congress of any other re-
striction comparable to the Smith- ConnaJ l
Act could deal almost a death-blow to organ-
ized labor. The CIO no-strike pledge, which
was reaffirmed at the same time that the
Committee was inaugurated, was originally an
attempt to avert such legislation as this Act.
HILLAN has had previous experience in
Washington, and is obviously the man for a
lobbying job. Furthermore, the CIO resolution
adopted at the meeting makes an effort to put
labor on the right side of supporting the war
While assailing the Smith-Connally Act bit-
terly, the resolution also declares: "Because of
our deep appreciation of the issues involved in
this war, we shall not tolerate or permit any in-
terruption or stoppage of work."
Labor, in the losing of its power to strike,
lost its chief weapon of attack. inless some
decisive action is taken shortly, labor's power,
which has been mounting steadily in recent
years, is going to take the sharp decline which
is the nightmare of every union leader.
Labor's future actions promise danger to the
war effort, and yet in the sense that they need
b the goat no more than Congress or the Presi-
dent, one is tempted to ask why Congress and
Roosevelt can bicker and yet ask labor to toe the
line and risk the loss of nearly twelve years'
achievement. - Jane Farrant
IT'S NOT FUNNY*:
Stories About WACs
IT STARTED OUT as a funny joke, but the foul
propaganda that has been recently inflicted
upon the Women's Army Corps is far from the
realm of humor now. These self-styled moralists
who seek to defile the women in dhiform are
doing a splendid job of keeping qualified women
Becoming a WAC requires a certain amount
of courage and when the respect that should
accompany the uniform is swept away by idle
tongues and not so idle columnists such as
John O'Donnell of the New York Daily News,
the recruiters' job becomes doubly difficult.
By making the WACs a part of the Army of
the United States, Congress did more than re-
move the extra "A" out of their name. They
recognized that these women were more than
-n11Ax il ite d I1 1Vraaae
IF YOU HAPPENED to be listening to your
radio last Sunday at two o'clock, you might
have heard a very unusual program. I tuned in
on it because the papers said Wendell Willkie was
going to speak, but I almost turned it off when I
heard the beginning of it. Typical Fourth of
July God-Bless-America theme, it seemed, and
at the risk of appearing unpatriotic I have to
admit those skits seem a little jaded by now.
With Fredric March doing the narrating, they
went through the higher spots of constitutional
freedom, dramatized a couple of Revolutionary
skits, and told about the well-known difficulties
of factional prejudice while the new nation was
trying to get on the right road. I was saying to
myself "Uh, huh," and "So what," as I imagine
a lot of other listeners were doing.
Then suddenly Mr. March started asking
what about the constitutional guarantees now,
on this July 4, 1943, in the land of the free.
Ask the Negro in Detroit, he said, about free-
dom to work where he wants and laugh where
he wants, and the answer was a well-timed
shot. Or ask about freedom to enter a South-
ern polling place, and the answer was a gut-
tural drawl saying, "Get along there, black boy.
This ain't no place for your kind." Or asl the
Jewish family looking for a place to spend the
holiday about pursuit of happiness, and the
reply is a cold-sounding, "Restricted clientele.
White Christians only."
ND what about the great great grandchildren
of those people who kept the Revolutionary
prejudices hot. What do they say now. The
tian from Massachusetts who swore he wouldn't
give one finger of aid to the Rhode Islanders in
1787, his present day counterpart is griping about
the way we're letting Communist Russia influ-
ence us, and incidentally so what about a United
Frnt. The New Yorker who boomed the Vir-
ginia Tariff as part of New York First, his ump-
teenth grafndchild is screaming America First
now, even though he is a few short hours from
the rest of the world.
Z,/2derj to tieedcior
To the Citizens of Ann Arbor and the
University of Michigan:
SO IT HAS COME TO THIS AT LAST; that I,
an American soldier should walk down any
one of these community streets and find written
in each citizen's face a multitde of adverse
opinion-suspicion, disdain, aloofness and even
a touch of fear. Why? For what?
Must I suffer this harshness because of an
impression hastily, and ofttimes mistakenly
formed? Is this an intelligent, broadminded
I wonder. Can it be that a bigted mind
reached out for an incident perpetrated by some
soldier or group of soldiers and pointed to it-
"Look, they're drunk!" or "Good heavens, they
committee a breach of morals so they're bad
boys. Watch out for soldiers, they're all bad."
Yes, ignore us; evade us for we would do you
great harm. After all, see what sort we are-look
at our backgrounds. The majority I mean, the
We've had at least a high school education.
For the most part, our families reside in the
solid middle classes; average citizens from all
parts of the world who guided us upward through
each individual, turbulent year of our lives. Our
general intelligence is quite high.
We're normal souls with normal tastes, hold-
ing perhaps in our present military capacity, a
slightly broader outlook on life than was the case
Why then do you condemn us? Do we in-
carcerate you because a group of men else-
where strike for greater mining wages and
thus hold up what may easily prve the life
blood of our comrades overseas? Do we hold
you to account for all the absenteeism in De-
fense Plants across the country; the exorbi-
tant prices that tax to the utmost our monthly
What is it we ask of you? A smile or friendly
hello; a mere greeting or warm look that costs
you so little yet means so much to us.
You instruct your daughters and students to
beware our ways for we mean to desecrate' and
defile them. We are insincere Lotharios, shun
us or suffer vile consequences.
What a stigma to carry about!
Does it strike you as remarkable that perhaps
we harbor no such insidious thoughts and in-
tents, that strangely enough our glances and
words carry no such ulterior designs?
Are these the freedoms we have sworn to de-
fend with our lives? Is this the tolerant America
we have mobilized to protect?
I wonder. What of OUR families? What of
the towns they live in? What of their reactions
to Service Men.,
And YOUR sons; YOUR husbands; YOUR
relatives; YOUR friends? Do they meet with
this unfeeling attitude? Do our relations berate
them with this efficient perspective?
We're here for a purpose, a vital purpose. We
all, civilian and soldier, are wbrking for a com-
mon goal. Why then can we not pull together
in common accord rather than struggle at oppo-
site ends? These are drastic times and must be
met with drastic measures.
As you have had to revise your ways of living,
so have we, and believe me, ours is a more varied
and complicated transition.
This led up to the main point of the pro-
gram which was a plea for a broader and more
human outlook on your fellow man, the rest of
this shrunken world. This may sound like so
much hog-wash to the skeptic who sums unp a
united World as another crackpot Utopia, but
they made a nice distinction there, too, lie-
tween ideal realism and the brand of pre-war
realism which appeased the Axis and sent
scrap iron and vital materials to Japan.
In fact, the whole program was done very
effectively, no hysterical approach, but a straight,
sincere appeal to Americans to take an honest
look at themselves and their place in the world.
I can't think of another Fourth-of-July program
- which set aside the bunting for a change and
got to the real meaning of freedom, as it was
meant in the plain language of the Constitution.
R. WILLKIE did speak, too, not as much as
I'd like to have had him, but reaffirming
the point he made in his excellent world analysis,
One World. The program was designed around
his theme and he gave it phrase at the end. Said
Mr. Willkie, we should try to make the principles
of the document we trust in so well, the Declara-
tion of Independence, a Declaration of Interde-
pendence among the Unitedl Natiorns, make it
the basis for a World truth.
The question is asked often lately, "What's
Willkie's game?", and frankly I ask myself the
same thing sometimes. Maybe the Republican
candidate without the Republican viewpoint has
some sort of an angle up his sleeve in his em-
bracing of a world structure which gives a break
to more people. Maybe it's a type of farsighted
siper-politics over our heads.'
But he talks a straight and sincere brand of
universal sense, he seems to mean what he
advocates, and until proven guilty of some-
thing subtler, I think we have to admit that
Willkie has done a lot to foster good-will to-
ward America throughout the world and to
make homespun America aware of where it
stands in the sun.
E IS THE ONLY prominent Republican poli-
tician I know of today who can think in
broad enough terms to make party secondary to
national and international welfare. In fact, the
only thing wrong with Mr. Willkie, and his politi-
cal chances, is his party.
If they can keep him from getting nominat-
ed, they will, for Mr. Willkie is part of a small
liberal minded Republican clique, with sup-
porters such as the New York Herald Tribune,
which seems to be out of the world of usual
GOP reactionary, America-as-usual, and par-
I hope a lot of people heard that program,
though, no matter what they think politically,
and particularly those who are prone to not do-
ing much thinking at all. I wish I could catch
the same spirit they produced, for those who
didn't hear it.
Good term. Declaration of Interdependence
among Nations. Better sense behind it. Seems
that it would make an excellent incentive for
even the lowliest citizen of the United Nations.
Certainly better than giving all to crush the
Axis and then retrenching to a pre-war stand
of self-protection only until the next holocaust
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July10.- As I understand it, the
leading Republican candidates for President are
reluctantly willing to live in the brave new world,
if we really insist on having one.
Their attitude is that if the country is going to
be petulant about it, if it is going to cry its eyes
out for an international tile bath and a world
court daylight kitchen, all right, all right, they'll
move in, too.
One has only to look into Governor Dewey's
countenance, or Governor Bricker's, to sense
that both men feel they are really pampering
us by consenting to these improvements.
When I hear Mr. Harrison Spangler, chairman
of one wing of the G.O.P., speak an occasional
unhappy word for better international collabora-
tion, I have a feeling that the voice is shrill. The
tone is that of a man telling his good wife to go
ahead and buy that new piano, who's stopping
It would be a real thrill to have Mr. Vanden-
berg and Mr. Taft and others close to Mr.
Spangler come running up once in a while,
flushed and breathless, with a scheme for this
kind of a world peace force, or that kind of a
treaty with England.
But they seem only to wear the expressions of
men whose chairs are being maliciously moved
after forty years.
They are not building. They are watching.
Once in a while the forefinger rises. It wags,
and the mocking words come forth: "I don't
thnk I'm going to like it!" At which point
humanity is supposed to bust out crying.
A . . . .. - .- . .,. f.. m - v -, u
WASHINGTON, July 10.- High
ranking officials of the agriculture
Department are frank in saying that
farmers are impeding the war effort
just as much as striking coal 'miners
when they stage a sit down strike on
Feed corn is desperately needed by
poultry farmers, dairy farmers, and
corn processors. But corn is not
moving to market because farmers
are holding for a higher price.
The typical farmer in the corn
belt today is looking at his bins
full of corn and reasoning that he
might as well hold it for a while,
since he doesn't need the cribs yet,
and since the price might go Up.
Washington is partly to blame for
this. The attacks on OP'A, the firing
of Chester Davis, and the Congres-
sional demands to set aside the price
fceiling, all have created uncertainty.
So the farmer sits tight, saying, "I'll
just wait till they make up their
But when thousands of farmers
do the same thing, it creates a
scarcity which throws the national
economy out of gear just as much
as the lack of coal production. The
patriotic thing to do, say Wash-
ington officials, is to 'send your
corn to market now, especially
since, the farmer is guaranteed the
benefit of a price rise, if it comes.
Meantime, the corridors of the
Department of Agriculture are seeth-
ing. Pressure for a corn rise is ter-
rific. This is Marvin Jones's first
Navy and War Frauds
While the President is cleaning
out the boys who fight themselves
instead of Hitler he might take a
look into the manner in which his
dearly beloved Navy Department has
been sabotaging Justice Department
efforts to prevent war frauds.
The Justice Department, under
two-fisted Texan Tom Clark, chief
of war frauds, has been prosecuting
a long list of companies delivering
GlUN AND BEAR IT
'Calm yourself, Mr. Snodgrass! You; know how the laundry is now-
adays-they merely returned the wrong caps!'
faulty goods to the Army and Navy
-only to have the Navy cut the
ground right from under him.
When Clark prosecuted two
ship-welders in Baltimore for sab-
otaging ship construction, he was
amazed to have a naval officer
walk into the court room and tes-
tify on behalf of the two sabo-
teurs. The exidence was so over-
whelming, however, that they were
convicted despite the officer's tes-
Even more amazing was the
strange behavior of the Navy in pro-
tecting the Anaconda Wire and Ca-
ble Company at Marion, Ind., which
the Justice Department had indicted
for fraudulently selling faulty wire
to the Army and Navy.
The Army Signal Corps immedi-
ately telegraphed an order that the
defective Anaconda wire be segre-
gated and used for training purposes
But the Navy acted as if the An-
aconda Company 'should be re-
warded. Admiral Earle W. Mills,
assistant chief of the Bureau of
Ships, telephoned Assistant Attor-
new General Clark that he might
be 'called upon to testify, and if so
his testimony would be favorable
Simultaneously, the Justice De-
partment found that the Navy had
prepared a statement to the effect
that it had tested 15 samples of An-
aconda's beGaussing wire and found
it satisfactory. The DeGaussing wire
was entirely different from the wire
for which Anaconda was indicted.
So thanks .to the Navy, Anaconda
got off with $31,000 in fines and sus-
pended sentences on a war fraud
charge that involved $5,000,000.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SATUIRDAY, JULY 10, 1943
VOL. LII, No. 10-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notice of Withholding Tax Deduc-
tions: All persons upon the Univer-
sity Payrolls for services rendered
after June 30, 1943, are notified that
under the federal "Current Tax Pay-
ment Act of 1943" there will be de-
ducted from each salary payment
made an amount equivalent to 20 per
cent of such payment above legal
exemptions to which any employee
shall be entitled. The University has
elected, under Federal authority, to
base this deduction, after legal ex-
emptions, upon 20 per cent of the
salary payment to each individual
calculated to the nearest dollar. Ev-
ery employee of the University, in
whatever capacity, should secure, at
the Business Office, or at other of-
fices at which they will be available,
a copy of the Government withhold-
ing exemption certificate, Form W-4,
and should 'promptly fill out and
mail or file this exemption certifi-
cate at the Business Office at which
the certificate was obtained. The
burden of filling out and filing this
form is under the law exclusively
upon the employee and if it is not
filed in time the deduction of 20 per
cent must be taken upon the basis of
the employee's entire earnings with-
out benefit of the exemption to
which the employee would be en-
titled if he or she filed the certifi-
Vice-President and Secretary
-Shirley W. Smith
Foundry Molding Tools wanted by
students now taking Metal Process-
ing Courses 3 and 9. It will be great-
ly appreciated if anyone having
trowels and slicks will make these
Zoology Concentrates: Students
planning to offer credits in Military
Science as part of the total of 90
hours required by the Medical School
should see me at once.
-F. H. Test
Dept. of Zoology
Phone Ext. 2134
Student Organizations: All ap-
n Qfi ,tudant nrgnnizntions that
applies to students in both the Sum-
mer Session and the Summer Term.
Enrollment is for the students who
wish employment in teaching and in
business or industrial jobs. Every-
one interested in a new position or
in a change of position, is urged to
There will be a mass meeting Mon-
day, July 12, at 4:15 at the League
for all those people interested in the
Student's Speakers Bureau. Speak-
ers are needed for post-war ques-
tions, civilian defense topics, and
others. No special speaking talent is
needed as people are needed for
panel discussions as well as platform
speaking. Anyone who is interested
and cannot attend the meeting is
asked to contact Mary Lee Grossman
Change of Address: Any student
who has changed his address since
registering is urged to report the new
address to the Dean of Students,
Room 2, University Hall.
School of Education Students:
Changes of elections in the Summer
Session: No course may be elected
for credit after Saturday, July 10.
No course may be dropped without,
penalty after Saturday, July 17. Any
changes in elections of students in
this School must be reported at the
Registrar's Office, Room 4, Univer-
sity Hall. - -
Students Summer Session, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
No course may be elected for credit
after today. -E., A. Walter
Students, Summer Session, Col-
lege, Literature, Science, and Arts:
Except under extraordinary circum-
stances, courses dropped after the
third week, Saturday, July 17, will
be recorded with a grade of E.
-E. A. Walter
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
ter. Students who fail to file their
election blanks by the close of the
third week, even though they have
registered and have attended classes
unofficially will forfeit their priv-
ilege of continuing in the pollege.
-E. A. Walter
Engineering Mechanics 12: Fun-
damentals of Vibration. The course
will be given Tuesdays and Thurs-
dents: Four-week sport classes will
begin the week of July 12 in Body
Conditioning,; Iancing, Golf, Ele-
mentary Swimming, Riding and
Badminton. Students interested
should register in Office 15, Barbour
Gymnasium, 8 to 12 and 1:30 to 4:30
daily except Saturday; Saturday 8
The July meeting of the Faculty
of the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts will be held on Monday,
July 12, at 4:10 in Room 1025 Angell
Hall. The agenda and committee
reports have been distributed by
Faculty Concert: Joseph Brink-
man, pianist, and Arthur Hackett,
tenor, of the faculty of the School of
Music, will present the first in a ser-
ies of recitals to be presented this
summer, at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday, July
13, in Hill Auditorium. The general
public is cordially invited.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 9:30 to 11
this evening. The moon will be
shown through the telescopes. Chil-
dren must be accompanied by adults.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have an outing this eve-
ning. Meet on the steps of the Rack-
ham Building at 7:30.
The B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
will hold a summer mixer this eve-
ning at 9 o'clock. There will be
dancing and entertainment, and re-
freshments will be served. All stu-
dents and service men are invited.
Wesley Foundation: Baseball and
weiner' roast for all Methodist stu-
dents and service men and their
friends this evening. Leave Wesley
Lounge of the Methodist Church at
7:30. Call 6881 before noon for res-
Engineering Council Meeting,
Wednesday, July 14, 7:30 p.m. in
Room 244 West Engineering Build-
ing. Any member who is unable to
attend should oall me at 7248.
-D. B. Wehmeyer, Secretary
Lutheran Student Association:
Will meet in Zion Lutheran Parish
Hall at 5:30 p.m. Sunday, July 11.
Following supper at 6:00 the Rev.
Carl Satre will speak on "The Church