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August 14, 1943 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1943-08-14

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T WE - M I-I + ' :.N DA L'


- m_

Fifty-Third Year



' N




Edited andmanaged by students of teUniversity of
Michigan under the authority of the. Board in Control
tf Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except lon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press,
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
litation of all other matters herein also, reserved.
Entered at the Post Offic. at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as-
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942.43.
Editorial Staff

Marion Ford
,ud Brimmer
Haarvey Frank

. .

Managing Editor,
. . . Editorial Director
S . . City Editor
WSports Editor
Women's IEditor.

,Mary Anneo s . . . . . .. t
F Podliashuk . . . . . . Columnist
Business Staff
Jeanne Lovett . . . . Business Manager
Molly Ann Winokur . Associate Business Manager
4ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
State Ivport on Race
RiotsFailed iu Purpose
OV. HARRY B. KELLY'S commission has
w.filed a report-a report that isn't worth the
paper it was written on, and a report that cer-
tainly fails to show what caused the riots in
Strangely enough the report that was sup-
posed to be an exhaustive, analysis of causes
and background- was merely an itemized list
of the actions tlat immediately preceded the
riot, and an examination of the false rumors
spread by the Negroes.
But the strangest aspect of the report is that
it puts all the blame for the riot on the Negro
people-not on the conditions that precipitated,
the unrest. While it does recognize that all was
and is not well with the 10 per cent Negro
population in Detroit it suggests that social
agencies be encouraged to investigate the mate
ter. Investigate indeed-the widespread national.
dissatisfaction indicates that a great deal should
be,.done to rectify the situation.
The report proves its very bias by the severe
criticism of Negro leaders who dared to sug-
gest that the war today was being fought on
the home front for Negro equality. In a time
of war the report implies that the racial free-
doms should be given up for the greater prob-
lem "racial freedom." All of- which is queer
reasoning at best,
WHEN THE REPORT congratulates the police
for allowing only 34 deaths to occur from
the, day of wild rioting it certainly endangers its
own validity. The figures, 34 deaths in one day,
don't speak well for the police performance.
Wearily the report ends up with a snide re-
mark to the. effect the Negroes commit more
than 71 percent of the major crimes in the city.
Something should be done, the commission sug-
gests. Yes, something should be done-the re-
port should be scrapped for being. a completely
worthless commentary on one of the more
serious aspects of our domestic life.
-Margaret Frank
Lewis Loses Battle To
Influence AFL Policy
JHN L. LEWIS has been forced to take. a
back seat in the forthcoming presidential
He and his United Mine Workers have failed
to win a voice and vote at the American Federa-
tion of Labor convention in October, and this
means that the policies of the AFL for the next
12. months will be .formulated. without the ques-
tionable aid of Lewis.
The reason for this is that Daniel Tobin's
committee, which has been conducting nego-
tiations with Lewis, has voted unanimously to,
refer Lewis' application for reaffiliation to the
convention for final action. Since eligibility
to vote at AFL conventions is based on pay-
ments for the 12 months of the preceding fis-
cal year, and the fiscal year gvrning voting
strength at the October convention will close
Aug. 31.
HIS LEAVES Lewis out in the cold. Since
the UMW will be ineligible .to pay dues this
year they will not be able to vote in the con-
Tobin, a staunch supporter of Roosevelt,.
admitted that Lewis might withdraw his ap-
plication for reaffiliation, commenting that
"if he withdraws his application, the AFL will
be no worse off than before," and that "Lewis
will be in the same position as before."

The point in this setup that will cause Lewis
a number of severe headaches is that this "posi-
tion as before" is none too bright. His ceaseless
attacks on the administration and unreasonable.

A COLUMN in The Daily yesterday "Chips"
comes to the amazing conclusion that since
Professor Slosson, is the "most well-informed
and experienced man about," his last column
disagreeing with him was well founded, tolerant
and generally intelligent; and (try to follow this
logic Yexperience and accuracy are impossible if
a person has worked in a field a number of
years. Nothing about the issues involved, mind
you! Just that if a man is an expert, anyone
who disagrees with him is an outright genius,
and perhaps even a demi-god.
Thus, following the ideas expressed in Chips'
column to their ultimate conclusion, we would
on every subject 1how to the opinions of the
least-informed and unexperienced man, and
that lack of experience and inaccuracy of in-
formation would be judged on the number of
years that person has worked in his field.
New this mAy not be a good method to fol-
low in, the sciences (even there it is not an
iipediment to. invetive genius), but it can
be applied to political thinking and action. For
politics are not based on a bias of certain prin-
ciples which are by no means agreed on by
An excellent example of how disastrous it
may be for the youth of a nation to run away
with its own words was furnished in the case
ff "Chips." When words were becoming very
much like a manifesto from a demi-god, the
respected leaders of youth replied to him. They
told him that his action was no good. But he
would have nothing. to do with them, because
they had knowledge. and were venerable.
Bitterly and too late he learned his lesson.
And. when he did he burned with frustration
and hatred.As one American learned man put
it early in August, 1943; "Should a teacher of
history take up the challenge laid down in Mr.
Chips' statement that. 'the. Soviet. Union has
consistently stuckto an honest and pro -demo-
cratic foreign policy'? The. statement, unhap-
pily, is not true to the facts as I know them
(and it is my business to know), but, on the
other. hand, one is reluctant to criticize either
a brave ally or a generally very sound and in-
telligent cormentator." Chips was mistaken.
Clearly he should have sided with Professor
Slosson; but he was proud. He ridiculed our
teachers, but we stuck to them for they were
intelligent and we respected them. Now, he
still does. notseewhatthey are worth. Today
there are a great many young fellows like
himself who should be glad to get the benefits
of scholarship and understanding.
Yes, Chips was slapped too late. He was alone.
For the people of the University, too, almost
placed faith in that youth. They filled their
minds with his young, unreliable thoughts that
told them what he said was law.
Any and- all opposition was dubbed vicious.
and in large part, totally unfounded, and (per-
haps that's, where Chips discovered the term)
reactionary. Those who dared oppose him like
Professor Slosson were reviled and insulted, but
they are.,not reviled and criticized out of truth.
-Leon Gordenker
'Pee Is a Weapon in
Nazis'. War of Nerves'
WHF4 THE NEWS from neutral capitals
makes bigger headlines than the dispatches
from the fighting fronts, the watchword for the
home front is "Watchout." The neutral cities
are often the perches fromwhich political sharp-
shooters operate. In those cities the rumor fac-
tories supply the sinews of political warfare.
There is much evidence that the war has
rehed, a crucial point at which political
strategy is being employed by our enemies in
the hpe of averting the heaviest consequences
of military defeat. We should avoid under-
estimating their ski on the*political field as
we . dr onthe, battlefield. Reports like those
reaehing Madrid from, Berlin do not pass the
German censors unless there is a sound Ger-
manreason why they should.

Fpllowing closely upon the report of Hitler's
supposed tall.is another: placing the Feuhrer on
the Eastern Front and telling of "new weapons"
to be; used in reprisal against Britain. Obviously
the- Nazis having lost the initiative on the mili-
tary front are trying to seize it again in the war
of nerves. To raise a hope among the free peo-
ples that an end of the war may bein sight and
then to threaten. them with new terrors is an, old
Nazi custom. It is a maneuver aiming at the
emotional reserves of our people, a sort of cam-
paign of psychological attrition.
The possibility of success in such campaigns
lies in the :susceptibility of the victims. Con-
trariwise,, the likelihood of its failure today
lies in the alertness of the free peoples every-
where to the tricks of ,the mass mesmerizers in
Berlin. Dr. Goebbels. and his gang know well
that the normal hope of all peoples for peace
is a ready ,tool for Nazi. purposes if it can be
pegverted.We may depend upon it that they
wjll:try to use it over and over again as their
military . fortunes decline.
- Christian Science Monitor
Shortages Got on rIis Nerves
The man customer in the neighborhood butch-
er shop was griping the other day.

WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.-- Don't be surprised
if Adm. Howard Vickery, crack shipbuilder of
the Maritime Commission, quietly turns in his
resignation in protest against the Navy.
Working closely with peppery, go-getting
Adm. Land, Vickery has been the key man
responsible for this country's phenomenal suc-
cess in-shipbuilding. But the current bicker-
ing over the fast ships he planned two years
ago, and the Navy's attempt to take away the
turbines made for these ships, has him down.
After Vickery arranged two years ago for a
mass production of turbines, the, slow-thinking
Navy now wants to take over these turbines fbr
Secretary Knox's much ballyhooed 7-ocean Navy
to be finished in 1949.
Another fly in Vickery's ointment is the
much - publicized William Francis Gibbs,
brought to Washington by the Navy for the
purpose of offsetting, if not stymying, Vickery.
J)Though Gibbs has a great reputation as a
naval architect he is alsog anastute Wall Street
lawyer), Vickery has run circles around him
when it comes to ship design and planning.
Thanks to fulsome plugs in Time Magazine,
the public has come to think of Gibbs as the
designer of the Liberty Ship. Actually, the
Liberty was designed fifty years ago by the
British firm of William R. Thompson, Ltd.,
and has been used ever since as a British
tramp. Its secret Is a reciprocating steam
engine (no turbine) which is easy to build.
Gibbs slightly modified the ship for American
war use.
Gibbs Vs. Vickery ...
Back before Pearl Harbor, when production of
11-knot Libertys first began, Admiral Vickery
called on Gibbs and asked him to handle the
procurement and production of 100 faster ships.
Gibbs got things so snarled up and wanted so
much money for the ship (around $5,000,000
above expenses) that Vickery took the job away
from him.
Gibbs has been sore at Vickery ever since.
Gibbs is not sore at the Navy, however. From
the Navy he gets around $9,000,000 worth of
business annually. For the Navy he main-
tains 2,000 draftsmen in his huge offices near
the Battery in New York.
So Gibbs has now been brought to Washington
by the Navy, plus the War Production Board,
plus Bernie Baruch, to act as adviser in the
important question of whether the Maritime
Commission should build fast ships or whether
the turbines which Vickery planned two years
in advance, shall now go toward Secretary
Knox's 1949 Navy.
Note-Admiral Vickery, disliked by Navy
brass-hats, is a Republican, but has been pro-
moted and pushed by Roosevelt. He and
Admiral Land, also a Republican, have worked
closely together ever since they were in the
Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair.
Fredric March-Banker . .
Fredric March, star of "The Skin of Our
Teeth," has been wondering what the Manpower
Act might do to him if Chairman McNutt ever
got too technical. -
For, technically speaking, March is still em-
ployed by the National City Bank. He joined
the bank 22 years ago after graduating from the
University of Wisconsin; but was taken sick, got
a leave of absence, which has never been re-
voked, and then took up his present career on
the stage.
But under the Manpower Act, since he is
still technically on leave from the National
City Bank, Freddie could be drafted back to
work. He is hoping, however, that either the
bank won't look up its old employment rec-
ords, or else will give him up as beyond re-
demption as a banker.
Cox Persecution Committee..*.
Congressman Cox's spite investigation of the
Federal Communications Commission continues
to reach amazing lengths in flouting established
legal procedure. Latest flouting of the law is to
cross-examine witnesses without any member of
the Cox committee present.
Actually, a Congressional investigation is
supposed to be what it says-an investigation
by Congressmen. Congressional members of a
committee are supposed to be present and do
the job themselves. But since other members
of the Cox Committee apparently regard this
as a personal vendetta by Cox against the FCC

(the FCC accused him of taking an illegal
lobbying fee), they don't come around to many,
The other day, for instance, Lucien $Iilmer,
former assistant general counsel of the FCC, was
called before the alleged Cox Committee. When
he arrived, he found two paid minions of the
committee, Fred Walker and Ernest Hauser, but
no Congressmen. So when they attempted to
give him the oath, Hilmer refused.
"This subpoena is returnable before a commit-
tee of Congress," he said, "and no Congressman
is present."
So after some embarrassed telephoning,
Chairman Cox arrived. He tried to make Hil-
mer swear that he would tell the truth to the
"Committee or its agents," but again Hilmer
refused. He pointed out that he was supposed.
to testify before the Committee, not before its
So Cox finally gave him the correct oath, and
sat for a few minutes while Hilmer testified.
Then apparently bored with his, own inquisition,
the little Georgia Congressman departed.
As soon as he stepped out of the room, Hit1
mer stopped testifying. So after more scurry-
ing and telephoning, Congressman Louis Mil-
ler, St. Louis Republican, arrived. But -he also
was either busy or bored, and refused to stay
to hear Hilmer testify.
So from 2 p.m. until 4 p.m., Hilmer had to sit,

- -I'd Rather Be Right'
NEW YORK, Aug. 14.-Once again But to tell the Germans, as, some ence; it will do so, inevitably, even
the old controversy has risen as to would like to do, that we are going if we don't want it to,
what attitude we should display to to treat them gently, regardless of Therefore to adopt this approach
the German people, soft or hard. what choices they make, is mean- is to ride with the current of his-
It is an idle debate, because it ingless softness, just as a spirit of tor, not against it, nor outside it;
supposes that we can pick attitudes mere revenge is meaningless hard- it means making ourselves one
out of a hat; that we have a- right to ness. Both attitudes are curiously with the forces inside Germany
complete free will in the matter; that alike, in that they seem to indicate now tending toward rebellion and
a foreign minister may summon his that actions make no difference, peace
secretary and say: "Miss Brown, take that events make no difference; in
an attitude." fact, that differences make no It involves a promise that a decent
What sort of attitude does one difference. Both attitudes are German regime will be treated in
take toward building a house, soft therefore essentially unhistoric, better fashion than an indecent Ger-
or hard? One takes an attitude man regime. But even here we do
which will get the house built: Our The approach suggested above not have to go soft. We can say to
attitude toward Germany depends simply puts into words the objective the Germans: "Make it decent
Sw nr hGr truth of the German predicament, enough and we shal see." Life is
on what we want from the German The Germans are in trouble. They real, life is earnest. And the piob-
want from the German people, do have a problem to solve. Their lem is theirs.
, choice of solution will make a differ- (Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
then the question of- whether our
attitude shall be soft or hard be-
comes meaningless. Is our atti- GRIN AND BEAR IT By Ichty
tude adequate? Willit get;the job
done? These are the tests,
We must set the German people a
specific task, and then-we must take, ,"
an attitude whichtwill persuade them
to perform that task-'~ )%
The task is to liquidate the already
bankrupt Nazi regime. What atti-
tude on our' part will persuade the 'V '{. r :;
German people to do this? Why, the"=6 F j
attitude that it makes a difference
whether they do it or not. In other
words, we must make articulate' the-. "
relentless choice which history now
poses to the Germans .
They must be roused from their
deep Fascist sleep, in which it may
seem to many of them not to matter
at all what they do, }
We are, entitled to be as "hard"
as we like in the pursuit of this
enterprise. We are entitled to say ,~- ,
to the German people, that they
cannot hope to have precisely the
same national future if they make
the wrong choice, or if they make
no choice at all, as that which they
might enjoy if they make the right
choice, and in time.
We are entitled to say to them that".--z
if the Nazi regime is. allowed to re-
main in power to the bitter end, that { s R
may mean, conceivably, the destrue- 01 ". Y
tion of Germany..*.-
This is meaningful "hardness," not _" , w.y.Y' <'.,4 -
mere vengefulness. It merely states,
in heightened form, what is the ac- eamd oe
tual fact of the matter. It puts into
words exactly what every circum- "I never use that 'sitting up with a sick friend' story any more-I just
stance of the war situation today tell the wife I'm taking my secretary to dinner aind a show-she khows
must be saying to every intelligent what lengths we gotta go to, to keep an employee."

SATURDAY, AUG. 14, 1943
VOL. LII, No. 35-S
All notices for The-Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent' to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Doctoral Examination for Stanley
Levey, Biological Chemistry; thesis,
"The Metabolism of Phenoxyacetic
Acid,;Its Higher Homologues, and the
Monochlorophenoxyacetic Acids,"
Monday, Aug. 16, 313 West Medical,
3:15 p.m. Chairman, H. B. Lewis.
By aption of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
-C. S. Yoakum
Summer Student Convocation:
Students and the public are cordially
invited to attend the convocation
Sunday evening at 8 o'clock, Aug. 15,
in Hill Auditorium. E. Blythe Stason,
Provost of the University, will give
the address. Music will be furnished
by the Methodist Church Choir and
Navy Unit Chorus, under the direc-
tion of Prof. Hardin- Van Deursen.
Prof. Palmer Christian at the organ.
All men on campus are invited to
the final rehearsal of Men's Glee
Club at the Varsity Glee Club rooms,
3rd floor Union, Monday, Aug. 16, 7
to 8 p.m. Men interested in joining
the University of Michigan Glee-Club
in the fall semester are especially
invited. -David Mattern
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations.
The United States: Policewoman,
$2,200 per year; Junior Library Assis-
tant, $1,620 per year base; Under Li-
brary Assistant, $1,440 per year base.
State of: Michigan: Graduate
Nurse,, $125 to $145 per month; Farm.-
hand, $100-to $115 per month; Guard
Attendant, $125 to- $145 per month;
Janitor, $110 to $125 per month;
Steam Fireman, $145 to $165 per,
month; Telephone Operator, $100 -to
$115 per month.
City of Detroit: Junior Medical.
Technologist, $1,820 per year base;
Assoc. City Planning Analyst, $4,650
per year base; Junior Clerk,. $1,424.
,-. ,ror ae-. orCPar 4k1 - 31. n ,'n

from th'e notices which are on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason -Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
. -Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information.
Academic Notices
Trigonometry Course: If there is
sufficient demand for the second
half of Mathematics 7, the equiva-
lent of Mathematics 8, Trigonome-
try, a section will be formed at-11
o'clock, MTuThF, beginning Aug. 23,
for the second half of the summer
term, 2 hours credit. Those who
would wish to take this course, please
leave their names in the office of
the Mathematics Department, 3012
Angell Hall.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences: A meeting will be held Mon-
day, Aug. 16, at 7:30 p.m., in Room
1213 East Engineering Building.
Prof. H. C. Carver of the Mathe-
matics Department will speak on
"Practical Air Navigation." I.Ae.S.
members and other interested per-
sons are invited to attend.
School of Business Administration:
Courses for the second block begin-
ning Aug. 23 have been scheduled as
follows: Course No. 1, MTWTHFS 8;
Course No.321, TTh 3-5; Course No.
42, MWF 3-5'; Course No. 110, WF
8-10; Course No. 112, MWF 1-3;
Course No. 121, TTh 10-12 (2 hours
to be arranged); Course No. 153,
MWF 11 and 1; Course No. 161, TThS
Students, College -of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
be Saturday, Aug. 21. A course may
be dropped only, with the permission
of the classifier, after conference
with the instructor.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF IN-
COMPLETES will be Saturday, Aug.
21, Petitions for extension of time-
must be on file in the Secretary's
Office before that date.
-A. H. Lovell, Secretary
English. Hi Section 3: There will be,
conferences Monday and Wednesday,
Aug. 16 and 18. -Kenneth Rowe
All-Brahms Program: Students of
Feri Roth and Mabel Ross Rhead in
-a vi- a. nP izan t on..itrn a- .

Schubert, Schumann, Carpenter and
Campbell-Tipton at 8:30 p.m., Tues-
day, Aug. 17, in the Rackham Assem-
bly Hall. Mr. Hallack is a pupil of
Arthur Hackett and is giving the
recital as a requirement for the de-
gree of Master of Music. It will be
open to the public.
Record Concert at Horace H.
Rackham School: Another of the-
weekly concerts will be given Tues-
day evening at 7:45 p.m. The pro-
gram will consist of the following
recordings: Bach's Brandenburg
Concerto No. 1 in F Major; Beetho-
ven's Concerto No. 4 in G Major;
Straus' Die Fledermaus; and Tschai-
kowski's The Swan Lake Ballet.
Servicemen are cordially invited to
join the Graduate Students at these
Events Today
The University Women's Riding
Club will meet at 8:30, this morning
in front of the W.A.B.
Coming Events
All Lambda Chi Alpha's fromall
chapters are invited to attend' a re-
union picnic Saturday Aug. 14, at
1:00. Refreshments and games.3Get
in touch with Al Raymond at' 3011,
3054, or 4636 before Saturday. If
unable to phone, meet at the-Parrot
at 1:00. -F. X. Nutto, HT.
Graduate Outing Club: Members
will meet at the club quarters at
2:30, Sunday afternoon, Aug. 15, for
a hike out Sunset Blvd. Bring;your
The Lutheran Student Club. Gam-
ma belta, will have a picnic supper
Sunday afternoon at 5:30 at the Big
Fireplace at the Island. Lutheran
students and servicemen are asked to
meet at the Rackham Building steps
at 4:30, or if they prefer, to go direct-
ly to' the Island. Return by 7.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet Sunday, Aug. 15, at 4:30
o'clock. If the weather permits the
group will leave from the Zion Luth-
eran Parish Hall, 309 E. Washington
St., for a picnic near the Island.
Lutheran students and servicemen
are welcome.
Sound films from the Film Library
of the University Extension Service
wmill bh shnn Mnnrday afternoon at


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