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August 13, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1943-08-13

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VOL. LIII, No. 34-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUG. 13, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Germans Retreat Across Strait into

Italy

Stalin
Soviets Say

.I.
)Vas

Not

* * *

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t+" +┬░

Invited

to

Allied

v

Russian Leader

Participation
Not Suggested
Russians Not Invited
Because of 'Quebec
Meeting's Character'
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 13, Friday.- The
Soviet government today answered
eiiticism of the absence of Russian
delegates to the forthcoming Roose-
*elt-Churchill conference at Quebec
by saying that such Russian partici-
pation "was not and is not suggest-
ed."
Soviets Not Invited
"The Soviet government did not
receive an invitation to be present at
the meeting, and because of the
6haracter of the conference the par-
tlk ation of any one representative
of, the Soviet government at the
meeting in Quebec was not and is
not suggested," said an official Mos-
cow broadcast recorded by the Soviet
monitor:
President Roosevelt already had
disclosed in Washington that Rus-
sian representative would not attend
the conference, but he said that did
riot mean he would not be awfully
glad to have them present.
Moscow Quotes Tass Agency
The Moscow radio quoted this
statement, which the official agency
Tass said it was "authorized" to
Make:
"The Tass News Agency denies
that Stalin or any representative of
the Soviet government will partici-
te in the forthcoming meetirg be-
tween President┬░ Roosevelt and- Mr,
Churchill.
"The British Reuter Agency, bas-
ing itself on the American radio sta-
tion Columbia, reporting on the
meeting now taking place in Quebec
of Roosevelt and Churchill suggested
that leaders of the Soviet govern-
ment should be present. (The meet-
ing actually has not occurred yet so
far as is known.)
Fall London Meeting Hinted
(A CBS London correspondent
broadcast that he believed "a high-
ranking Russian" would arrive in
London in September and "be em-
powered to negotiate on matters of
the greatest importance."
("Before then," he said, "the Rus-
sians may have signed an agreement
with Czechoslovakia which will set
the pattern for her future relations
with other central European pow-
ers.")
Officials at Conference
Refuse To Give Comments
QUEBEC, Aug. 12.- (P)- All offi-
cials connected with the Allied war
conferences here preferred to with-
hold comment tonight on an an-
nouncement by the Soviet news
agency, Tass, that the Russian gov-
ernment received no invitation to
attend the parleys.
The top ranking personnel still on
hand here were not available and
other officials said they had no in-
formation as to whether Russia had
or had not been invited.
Navy Chaplain
Will Be Here
For Convocation
Lt. (j.g.) Murray 0. Johnston, Na-
val chaplain at the Dearborn Naval
Base, will lead services at the Sum-
mer Session Convocation 8 p.m. Sun-
day in Hill Auditorium.
About 500 graduates will be hon-
Dred at the Convocation which takes
the place of other year's graduate

breakfasts
Law School Dean E. Blythe Stason
will address the degree candidates on
"Technology and Education."
The newly-formed 84-man Navy-
Marine chorus and the First Metho-
dist Church Choir both under the
direction of Prof. Hardin Van Deur-
sen of the musc school will sing.

Russians Are
In Suburbs
Of Kharkov
Shock Troops Storm
Within Five Miles of
Ukraine Metropolis
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 13, Friday.-Rus-
sian shock troops stormed through
the suburbs of Kharkov yesterday to
within five miles of the Ukraine
metropolis from the northeast, while
other columns in the south smashed
into the strongpoint of Chuguev
where the Germans were in full re-
treat, a Moscow communique said
today.
Kharkov Fall Imminent
The Russian offensive against
Kharkov-now in its eighth day-
appeared on the verge of success as
Nazi infantry retreated in disorder,
leaving war materials and prisoners
in Russian hands.
Capture of Chuguev indicated that
Kharkov may soon fall to the Rus-
sians for although it is 22 miles from
the city its capture in last winter's
Russian offensive preceded the oc-
cupation of Kharkov. The Germans
reoccupied the city and the sur-
rounding area a month later.
The Russian midnight communi-.
que, recorded by the Soviet monitor,
said the Germans were making a
bitter last stand defense in the Khar-
kov area and were even using bat-

Campus Leathernecks March Up for First Pay

JOSEPH STALIN
... wasn't asked.
Yank Bombers
Smash Through
Ruhr Defenses
Flying Fortresses
Bomb Synthetic Oil,
Industrial Plants
LONDON, Aug. 13, Friday.- (')
-A strong force of RAF bombers
was reported to have pounded Mi-
lan heavily early today after Amer-
ican Flying Fortresses attacked ob-
jectives in three German Ruhr and
RIhineland cities by daylight yes-
terday.
LONDON, .Aug. 13, Friday. -
American Flying Fortresses smashed
through heavy German defenses in
the Ruhr and Rhineland yesterday
to deliver daylight attacks on syn-
thetic oil plants at Gelsenkirchen
and Wesselring and industrial tar-
gets at Bonn, and new aerial attacks
apparently were in progress over
northern Italy early today.
Switzerland announced air raid
alarms in its territory bordering
Italy, the usual first indication of a
raid on northern Italy from England.
Nazis Bopib England
At the same time German planes
raided England for the second night,
dropping bombs in scattered points
of East Anglia.
Yesterday's raid ended a layoff
since late last month.
Twenty-five of the four-engined
craft were lost, but it was announced
that they shot down at least 20 en-
emy fighters and that escorting
Thunderbolts and Spitfires destroyed
three more. Crews reported that tar-
gets in all three cities were left
flaming.
The air offensive against the con-
tinent continued into the evening
when a strong force of medium
bombers, escorted by fighters, streak-
ed across the Channel in the direc-
tion of Cologne about 7 p.m.
RAF Fighter Planes Active
RAF fighter planes were unusually
active over the Straits of Dover dur-
ing the evening. Formations crossed
and recrossed to northern France for
nearly two hours.
German fighter planes were en-
countered chiefly by the Fortress for-
mations which pounded Gelsenkir-
chen, the battered oil refinery town
27 miles west of Dortmund on the
Duisburg-Hamm railway, but the
Nazis threw up an explosive anti-
aircraft umbrella over all three cities,
a joint American and British com-
munique said.
In the lead plane over Gelsenkir-
chen was Capt. Clark Gable, the
former movie star.
Were They
Embarrassed!
The staid residents of East Uni-
versity were treated to a free show
last night as the soldiers quartered
in the East Quadrangle turned out
for a surprise fire drill-attired in
pink pajamas, shorts and towels.
Evacuation of the Quad was
completed in one and a half min-

It's a happy day for smiling Melvin J. Rau, Mar ine stationed in West Quad, as First Sgt. J. Shepherd
(second from left) calls his name to step up and rece ive his first pay from Capt. Joseph Hoffman (at end
of table). Third from left is Marine Gunner W. W. Croyle, counting out greenbacks. Sgt. Robert Kraho

(extreme left) collects laundry fee.
FREEDOM AFTER WAR:

talions freshly arrived from
many. Technical troops and
neering .detachments wrenched
their special tasks were given
and sent into the front lines.
Fight To Finish Indicated
Although the escape corridor
Kharkov was only 37 miles, the
munique indicated that the

Ger-
engi-
from
rifles
from
com-
Ger-

mans were preparing a fight to the
finish, rather than a strategic re-
treat. But the fight was costly. Crack
Russian Guards divisions in two days
fighting killed about 2,000 Germans,
took 450 prisoners and destroyed 36
tanks in the Kharkov fighting.
The Germans had reported earlier
that a large Russian shock force was
organizing in the Chuguev area last
week and capture of this town indi-
cated the force was on the march,
menacing the Nazi escape route from
Kharkov's southern gates.
Reds Near Poltava
West of the city another Russian
force was fanning out toward Pol-
tava and Sumy, nearing the high-
water mark of their offensive last
February. They took towns 65 miles
west of Kharkov but they were still
37 miles southeast of Lebedin, the
farthest point reached last winter.
To the north, the Russians stormed
to within 25 miles of Bryansk and
six miles of Karachev, a railway
point between Orel and Bryansk. An-
other column was only four and
three-tenths miles east of Karachev.
Manuscripts
For Hopwoods
Are Due Today
Hopwood manuscripts for the sum-
mer session must be turned in by
4:30 p.m. today in room 3227 Angell
Hall, Prof. Roy W. Cowden, director
of the Hopwood room, said yesterday.
All regularly enrolled students of
the summer session or the summer
term are eligible to compete if they
have been doing work of a passing
grade and if they are enrolled in at
least one composition course.
Manuscripts must be typed, double
space on Swan linen, for the first
copy at least. Two carbon copies must
be turned in on any white paper of
the same weight.
Eight awards of $75 and $50 will
be given in four fields of writing-
the essay, drama, poetry and fiction.
Judges for the contest will be drawn
from the staff of the University.
Winners of the awards will be an-
nounced at 5 p.m. next Thursday in
the Summer Session office of Dean
Edward Kraus.

Roosevelt Promises
Filipinos iIndependence.
By The Associated Press4
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.- President Roosevelt tonight promised the
Filipino people full independence from the United States "the moment the
power of our Japanese enemies is destroyed" and said that such freedom
would come quickly.
Gives Filipinos Pledge
The President said flatly:
"I give the Filipino people my word that the republic of the Philippines
will be established the moment the power of our Japanese enemies is de-
stroyed. The Congress of the United States has acted to set up the indepen-
dence of the Philippines. The time'>

will come quickly when that goes
into full effect.
"You will soon be redeemed from
the Japanese yoke and you will be
assisted in the full repair of the rav-
ages caused by the war.''
The Chief Executive's remarks
were interpreted in Philippine circles
here as countering Japanese Premier
Tojo's reported pledge to the Japan-
ese-seized islands that they will be
made an independent nation by the
end of this year.
Would Cancel Act
Joaquin M. Elizalde, Philippine
resident commissioner in Washing-
ton, gave this meaning to the ad-
dress. He also said it meant that
the islands would not have to wait
until July 4, 1946 for full freedom,
as provided by the Tydings-McDuffie
Independence Act, but that political
independence would be "automatic
when the Japs are driven out."
This would require amendatory
legislation by the American Con-
gress, but Elizalde saw no difficulty
there. Present law provides for full
freedom after a transition period to
prepare the island economically to
become a republic.
Elizalde said Tojo's independence
promise was being followed up by a
commission in the Philippines work-
ing on a new constitution for the is-
lands, but that it was "hard to tell"
whether the Filipinos on this com-'
mission were cooperating voluntarily
with the Japanese or at the point of
guns.
Bombers Blast
Ku rile Islands
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. - WI) -
Giant Liberator bombers, striking
out 1,000 miles along the northern
road to Tokyo, blasted Japanese de-
fense positions in the Kurile Islands
for the second time, the Navy an-
nounced today, and shot down at
least five of a group of 40 enemy

FDR Approves
Of Lgslators
.publicity .Plan
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.-W)-
President Roosevelt has approved a
campaign being conducted by some
legislators to arouse public interest in
international collective security pro-
posals but has delayed a decision on
whether to seek a Senate showdown
on the issue this fall, D. C. Speaker
said today.
Speaker, unofficial authority, said
there is no doubt that both the Presi-
dent and Secrtary of State Hull
would like to have a statement from
the Senate pledging this country's
cooperation in some form of post-
war world organization to preserve
the peace.
But Speaker said the President is
not at all sure that any such pro-
posal would be approved by the two-
thirds Senate margin necessary to
ratify treaties and until he can be
given some reasonable assurance that
the votes could be obtained, is not
likely to show his hand publicly on
the issue.
If Administration leaders decide
the signs are favorable, they will
push for early action, probably with
the President's open support, he said.
In an announced effortt o arouse
public demand for their proposal, a
dozen or more legislators have been
touring the country in support of a
resolution by Senator Hatch (Dem.-
N. M.), Hill (Dem.-Ala.), Ball (Rep.-
Minn.) and Burton (Rep- O.)
New Commission Is
Created in Algiers
ALGIERS, Aug. 12.- (P)--- The
French Committee of National Lib-
eration created today a special com-

Chtt'rehil I Goes
From Quebec to
Niaglara Falls
Advance Guard of U.S.
Military Men Continue
To Review Strategy
QUEBEC, Aug. 12.---1P7)-Britain's
Prime Minister temporarily shifted
his base of operations away from
Quebec today, while British, Canadi-
an, and an advance guard of Ameri-
can military men continued a review
here of the master war strategy of
the Allies.
Prime Minister Churchill and
President Roosevelt will meet in Que-
bec later on for concentrated war
discussions and a meeting of the
British-American chiefs of staff.
Churchill left here late last night
and showed up this morning at Ni-
agara on the Canadian-American
boundary. Then he bearded a special
six-car train and left for an undis-
closed destination.
Prime Minister W. L. McKenzie
King of Canada, with whom Church-
ill had been in consultation here for
two days, remained in Quebec, along
with th2 ranking military. naval and
air advisers the two statesmen had
brought along with them.
The only word during the day
from Canadian officials was that
military talks still were going on
during Churchill's absence.
The time when the Prime Minister
and Mr. Roosevelt will come to Que-
.ec for war councils behinds the walls
of the city's famed old citadel cannot
e disclosed.
ankClose
Trap on Japs
Encircle Garrison
At Bairoko harbor

arley
Allied Planes
Blast Retreat
Of Nazi Army
New 'Disengagement
Movement' of Troops,
Berlin Broadcast Says
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Aug. 12. -+The
bulk of German troops in Sicily are
now in flight across the Messina
Strait to the Italian mainland under
a merciless attack by Allied airmen
braving a barrage from more than
500 anti-aircraft guns mounted on
the escape beaches, front reports said
tonight.
Leaving desperate rearguards and
road demolition squads behind to
slow the American and British armies
converging on Messina, the Germans
have a good chance to avert another
Tunisian disaster because of the
narrowness of the strait. It is only
two miles wide at one point.
German Lines Crumbling
The right wing of the Nazi line
was ensnarled by the second Ameri-
can pincer movement initiated from
the sea in three days, the left was
slowly giving way under British pres-
sure and the Germans' central an-
chor at Randazzo h d been brought
under light artillery fire.
A dispatch from Noland Norgaard,
Associated Press staff correspondent
who is attached to the British Eighth
Army, said the German evacuation
of the Messina bridgehead was Ain
full swing, with at least 80 vessels
ferrying men and equipment east-
ward across Messina Strait night
and day.
Axis anti-aircraft guns were de-
clared massed in record strength in
an effort to protect the vessels from
Allied planes. The dispatch said the
German High Command, wishing to
keep down the loss of equipment dur-
ing the movement, had decreed that
"the passport to Italy is a gun."
Retreat Termed 'Systematic'
The retreat was described in a
Berlin broadcast by Capt. Ludwig
Sertorius, Nazi military commenta-
tor, as a "systematic new disengage-
ment movement by German and
Italian troops."
"What matters," Ludwig said, "is
to prevent the enemy from extending
his operations to objectives on the
mainland."
Striving for the knockout, Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower's officers
steadily threw in fresh units to re-
place battle-weary troops at the
front in the fight against numeri-
cally weaker German detachments
which could obtain no such respite.
Tank-supported infantrymen of
the U.S. Seventh Army, aided by
American warships and warplanes,
landed from assault boats three or
four miles behind the German lines
on Cape Orlando just before dawn
Wednesday. They beat off three Nazi
counterattacks and established a
bridgehead just as they did earlier
this week to outflank the San Agata-
Cesaro defense line, it was dis-
closed today.
Italy Bases Hopes
On Quebec Meeting
BERN, Switzerland, Aug. 12.- ()
-Italians seemed to be longing anx-
iously toward Quebec tonight for
some softening of the Roosevelt-

Churchill "unconditional surrender"
stand which might swing the door
open for Italy to step out of the war.
Simultaneously, the Italian press
suddenly altered its tone toward its
Nazi ally-and from the Italian fron-
tier came reportst that German civil-
ians still in Lombardy and other
provinces of northern Italy had been
advised by their' consulates to pre-
pare to leave. Several hundred al-
ready have left Milan, Como and
other cities.
Federal Judge Asks
For More Evidence

I
E
I
l
I

ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Aug.
13, Friday.--- (/P- The advance of
United States jungle troops, closing
a trap on the encircled Japanese
garrison at Bairoko Harbor, on New
Georgia, continues, the high com-
mand said today.
Bairoko, on the Kula gulf coast of
New Georgia, is the only remaining
point of Japanese resistance on that
central Solomons island.
Advices from Adm. William F. Hal-
sey, commander of the south Pacific

DETROIT, Aug. 12.- (P-Federal
Judge Frank A. Picard demanded
more information as to the damage

I

I'

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