is i E
SHnAY, At . t, ,i149
Edited and managed 13y students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
(f Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year. and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Offica at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter. .
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Mary Anne Olson
. Editorial Director
. . . City Editor
W. Sports Editor
* . Women's Editor
. Business Manager
Molly Ann Winokur Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: CLAIRE SHERMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Bdadoglio Must Decide
Road for Italians Soon
IN THE short week that has elapsed since Il
Duce fell from his throne, the Allies have
looked for a peace settlement with the Badoglio
The situation of the Italians in seeking
peace is much more complicated than it would
appear at first glance. While the mobs clamor
for peace in all sectors and Italian troops
clash with reinforced German divisions in
Northern=Italy, Badoglio and his aides are
trying desperately to maintain law and order,
and perhaps even to refuse peace terms.
The reason for the government's continued
resistance against the Allies is principally that
Italian neutrality would be almost as dangerous
to the Germans as active warfare against them.
THE GERMANS know this, and are not doing
a very good job of concealing the fact. They
have been rushing troops to Italy, seizing all
available Italian goods and have taken over the
revolting port cities of Fiume and Trieste in
anticipation of Italian capitulation.
Therefore the new Italian leaders are caught
between three choices, each one promising little
more than the other from the Italian point of
In the first place, they may continue as a
third-rate Axis power, using their own meagre
supplies and troops to halt 'the onslaught of the
Allies as long as possible and in so doing keep
the Germans from seizing Northern Italy out-
right. But Badoglio knows that any such action
on the part of the government will result in a
violent revolt throughout the whole of Italy. In
such an event, which is sure to be bloody and
devastating to Italy, any party may take power.
I NOTHER solution open to Italy is to accept
- ethe unconditional surrender terms, lay open
_t e country to the mercy of Allied leaders and
maintain a neutral status. This is what the
Italian people want, but it means an open invita-
tion to Germany to seize the northern sectors.
The remaining course open to the Italians
is active participation on the Allied side. If
the reports of Italo-German fighting can be
believed, this is more than a mere possibility.
Although the Italian military strength is very
weak, the import of all-out Italian aetion
against the German troops in Italy cannot
be ignored. It's easier for two men to lift a
bale than it is for one, even if one man is
minus an arm. The Italians may force this
decision on Badoglio should the Germans
overrun their country, much as they want
Whatever the decision, it must not be long in
coming. Neither the Germans nor the Italian
people will wait. -Claire Sherman
"THOSE HAVING only immediate ends crack
up," said an Army physician recently when
asked if the consideration of the ideal
order has any place in the experience of a good
soldier. Many have never been taught to focus
attention on what ought to be, but rather have
been trained to focus attention upon attainable
reality. They have been schooled to the main
chance. According to Immanuel Kant, the ideal
has a certain dynamic quality. He spoke of the
ought and claimed for it both drive and even-
ness. According to that theory, youth are rested
of mind and body by turning from strict duty to
the kind of a world man should have.
. Students who for the past two years have
wrestled with the aims of the war and the pos-
sibilities of a lasting peace are keeping them-
selves in fighting fitness. They debate the na-
ture of the war's settlement, the type of social
order democracy should evolve, the applica-
tion to our home base of all the improvements
we promise to the peoples being liberated, the
global significance of our technical skill and
the necessity of scope for man's new-found
economy, In this practice, they are acting re-
WE ARE impressed not alone by the lads in
uniform at a killing academic program and
their fellows who are yonder in Sicily, but by
our post-war crusaders, the debators in Church.
guilds, student promoters of race understanding
and The Daily revoluntionists. Very few of these
students ever associate their present perform-
ance with religiousness or would care to have
this drive for what ought to be identified with a
church or called an expression of the immortal
God. They are pursuing values; hammering out
patterns, projecting modes of behavior and
achieving a spiritual reality which outruns their
present grasp. The soul identifies itself with the
ideal for mankind. This is satisfying. It is in
very essence religious, just because it transcends
The worth of these adventures of the mind
to the persons concerned is the significant
factor. Given adequate guidance in the realm
of fact and the smile, if not the love, of those
who have moved through similar experiences
before them, these youth will transcend the
strife, the cost, the sense of defeat and the
literal shame which besets their sensitive souls
as they live in a warring epoch,
The ought in the case of these youth should
become a social therapy. The actual in its ap-
patent effort to "caving in on" the soul will find
itself arrested. Stubborn imponderables will
succumb to growing convictions within the per-
son. Fear may thus be overcome and these per-
sons should be able to go forward in a new sense
of worth and completeness. Such persons will
not crack up and in the years beyond our decade
of struggle when called upon to man homes,
alma mater, institutions of culture and society
itself, such citizens will be quick to understand
and sure to act.
Counselor in Religious Education
-Edward W. Blakeman
OP Ceilings Must lBe
rTHE FIGHT against inflation will be lost be-
fore it has really begun unless price control
is continued and enforced.
Waging a war against rising prices, the OPA
appears to have been beaten because their
price eeilings have so far not been enforced.
The current investigations in Detroit have re-
vealed that in that city alone food prices are
frequently as much as twice the ceiling set
by the OPA.
What good is a system of price control with-
WHEREIS more money to spend in this coun-
try now than there has been since 1929. War
workers who have for years barely been able to
live are now making enormous wages that they
want to spend. As there is a scarcity of almost
all goods, prices are going to go up and up unless
ceilings lre enforced.
The OPA is the most useless of the Presi-
dential organizations now strangling business
men with red tape unless it is given the addi-
tional powers to enforce its present limited
The trials and tribulations that the various
OPA directors have gone through in the past
months to make their bureau a sensible and
necessary war measure have demonstrated clear-
ly that no OPA at a is better than a part-time
AS LONG as wages rise, and labor demands
still more pay increases, the problem of infla-
tion is going to become more and more acute.
One way to stem this approaching tide is by
stabilization of wages, another coordinate neces-
sity is subsidation to keep prices down, and the
last method is strict price control along with the
We have a certain amount of inflation now,
and we will have more and more unless the
above measures are taken.
When the OPA not only sets price ceilings,
but is given the power and reach to enforce them
throughout the country, then the fight against
inflation will have really begun. Now the battle
eppme i+ hanut ffctivena s fightin n. whirl-
WASHINGTON-Twenty years ago almost to
the month, this columnist, then a very young
newspaperman, interviewed Benito Mussolini,
then a very young dictator.
Il Duce at that time was relatively fresh in of-
fice. He was at the peak of his popularity. Italy
thrives on drama, and Mussolini was the matinee
idol. To criticize him, was rank heresy inside
Italy, even unpopular outside Italy. People said
he would inuugurate a new era, a new type of.
government which would replace outmoded de-
mocracy. Mussolini could do no wrong.
I advanced over a stretch of floor that seemed
endless. The man at the desk pretended to con-
centrate on papers before him. Suddenly he
bounced up, shook hands, and before I had
time to open my mouth, plunged into the inter-
"Is Germany finished with Communism?" f
"No, Germany has much to go through with
yet. Communism," he continued, "is a spasm
which convulses a nation and leaves it feeling
better for the experience. Men and women suffer
changes in their lives. So do nations."
Il Duce did not realize at that time-twenty
years ago- how prophetic he was. Perhaps to-
day, as he sits forlorn, he realizes it.
In response to another question, I Duce
went on to tell how he had brought prices
down in Italy, an experience somewhat similar
to FDR'S current problems of the price roll-
back. Only Mussolini used different methods.
"Prices must come down, I told my people-
by force if necessary. Next morning my black
shirts appeared in the market place and they
forced the prices down."
"Is is still necessary to use force in reforming
Italy?" I asked.
"No," was his decisive reply, "force has not
accomplished as much as the spirit of sacrifice."
Perhaps if Mussolini had stuck to that last
statement Italy would not have used force to
conquer Ethiopia, would not have shattered
the peace machinery of the League, would not
have headed the world toward war, and today
he would not be a friendless, despised, lonely
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Syndicate)
*. While We Watch ..
Huzzah for Hollywood.,..
HOLLYWOOD deserves some sort of special
recognition lately. They're actually produc-
ing movies that even opinionated columnists
deign to comment on.
Pictures like Citizen Kane, The Magnificient
Ambersons, Mission to Moscow, possibly For
Whom The Bell Tolls, and one I saw yesterday,
The Ox-Bow Incident, mark impressive steps in
the movie industry's process of becoming part of
the American education system. It's importance
as an educational organ lies in the fact that it
can reach an adult audience which smugly con-
siders its formal education completed, but
which sadly needs many a confused issue clari-
Movies can act, with a dramatic appeal and
a lucidity that no book or newspaper can cap-
ture, to give the great bulk of Americans a
sensible and lasting standard to go by in de-
ciding the problems they pass over now as just
too confusing, seemingly too impossible for
the average mind to grasp securely. It can
provide an ideal antidote for the frightening
disease of indecision which finally makes us
all too easily shy away from any thinking
about matters that concern us most.
Take the Ox Bow affair. Instead of treating
the lynching as one sidelight in a saga of the
plains, as most western flickers do, it makes
lynching the story, the issue which must be
faced.. That's a brave step in itself. Hollywood
risks taking a lot of kickback from the Solid
South which still isn't adverse to a good lynching
party even in these modern times. Lynching is
a touchy subject down there in many places.
That's exactly why this movie is so valuable..
Perhaps many who see it up north, in met-
ropolitan areas won't see much in the story.
But if the picture is given wide distribution in
rural and particularly southern districts,
where perhaps people who have had something
to do with lynchings before will see it, it will
give rise to a great deal of thought, and per-
haps some serious conscience probing.
That may sound like embracing the noble na-
ture of man with too open arms, but I don't be-
lieve it is. I feel that mob atrocities are the re-
sult of plain unthinking, perhaps emotional con-
fusion, which the small minds and fevered tem-
pers of a few willful men can harness into blind
The whole theme is simple, easily under-
standable. But it implies great truths, and
with a dramatic realism that gives them life.
It shows those who felt lynching is wrong, but
who weren't sure that going against the mob
was the smart thing, as fine examples of in-
decision, confusion. It brings home neatly that
their honestly-felt convictions were right, that
they should have spoken them out, that think-
ing is not a painful process to be substituted
with the false haven of emotion.
People who see. this picture, if they have any
r-.,.s htm rr r-tinna all 1ril eaa11.an , f. U
Coe will speak on "A Diaphantine
Graduate Students in Speech: A
graduate symposium in interpreta-
tion and history of the theatre will
be sponsored by the Department of
Speech at 4 p.m. Monday in the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, Music, and
Public Health: Summer Session stu-
dents wishing a transcript of this
summer's work only should file a re-
quest in Room 4, U.H., several days
before leaving Ann Arbor. Failure
to file this request before the end of
the session will result in a needless
delay of several days.
-Robert L. Williams
School of Music Assembly: The
first of a series of three chamber
music programs will be presented at
8:30 p.m. Tuesday, Aug. 3, in Patten-
gill Auditorium, Ann Arbor High
School, at which time Artur Schna-
bel, pianist, Feri Roth, violinist, and
Oliver Edel, cellist, will be heard in
Beethoven's Trio in D major, and
Schubert's Trio in B-flat major.
Other programs in the series will
be presented Aug. 5 and 10.
Due to the limited seating capacity
of Pattengill Auditorium, admission
will be by card, obtainable in the
office of the School of Music.
Record Concert at Horace H. Rack-
ham School: Another of the weekly
concerts will be given Tuesday eve-
ning at 7:45 p.m. The program will
consist of the following recordings:
Weber's Overture to Oberon, Moz-
art's Quintet in C Major, Mendels-
sohn's Symphony No. 4 in A Major,
Strauss' Don Juan and Gershwin's
Rhapsody in Blue. Servicemen are
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
cordially invited to join the Grad-
uate Students for these concerts.
Rackham Galleries: Exhibition of
Paintings from ten Latin-American
Republics. From the collections of
the Museum of Modern Art, New
York. Opeh 2 to 5, and 7 to 10 daily,
except Sundays. July 26 to Aug. 14.
Lutheran Student Club, Gamma
Delta, will have an outing this after-
noon with St. Paul's Walther League,
meeting at the Racklbam Building at
3 o'clock. Supper included. Lutheran
students and servicemen cordially in-
The Lutheran Student Association
will have its regular Sunday evening
meeting at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Herman Haas on Plymouth Rd. The
group will leave the Zion Lutheran
Parish Hall at 4:30 p.m. After sup-
per Mr. Nicolas Davila will speak on
"The Church in Mexico." All Luth-
eran servicemen and students are
Graduate Outing Club: Members
will meet at the club headquarters at
2:30 this afternoon for a trip to the
Saline Valley Farms. Bring your
lunch and a bathing suit.
Michigan Outing Club: Will meet
at 2:30 at the Women's Athletic Buil-
ding. A bike trip to Delhi Falls for
a swim is scheduled. For further in-
formation call Barbara Fairman,
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will offer its regular program this
afternoon at 4:30 in the Fireplace
Room of Lane Hall.
All former members of the School
of Education Workshops are invited
to attend the 11 o'clock assembly
Monday in University High School
Auditorium. Meet in Room 1203.
Graduate Students in Speech: A
graduate symposium in interpreta-
tion and history of the theatre will
be sponsored by the Department of
Speech at 4 p.m. Monday in the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
Unitarian Church: State and Hur-
on Streets, Edward H. Redman, Min-
ister. 11:00 a.m. Church Service with
the Rev. John G. MacKinnon, minis-
ter of the Unitarian Church in. Rich-
mond, Va., preaching the sermon on:
The Meaning of Life. 3:30 p.m. Pro-
gram for students and servicemen-
Folk Dancing School led by Mr. Hans
Schmidt with refreshments and dis-
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8:00. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30; subject: "Love."
Sunday School at 11:45. Free public
Reading Room at 106 E. Washington
St. open every day except Sundays
and holidaysfrom 11:30 a.m.nuntil
5 p.m., Saturdays until 9 p.m.
Lutheran Student Chapel: Service
Sunday morning at 11 in League
Chapel. Sermon by the Rev. Alfred
Scheips, "The Christian Youth and
The First Baptist Church: 512 E.
Huron St. Sunday, Aug. 1, 1943.
10:00 a.m.: Sunday morning class
for students will meet in the balcony
of the Church to study Paul's letter
to the Philippians.
11:00 a.m.: The Church at Wor-
ship. The Rev. H. O. Smith of Yon-
kers, N.Y. will preach on "Afraid of
7:00 p vm.:eThe Roger Williams
Guild will meet in the Guild House,
502 E. Huron St. Miss Lorna Stor-
gaard and Mr. James McClelland will
lead a discussion on "God."
First Presbyterian Church: Morn-
ing Worship-10:45 a.m. "How Do
We Know God?" subject of sermon
by Dr. Lemon.
Sunday Afternoon Forum- 4:00
p.m. "The Sore Spots of thePlanet"
will be conducted by Dr. Lemon. So-
cial hour and buffet supper follow-
Grace Bible Fellowship: Undenom-
inational Masonic Temple, 327 South
Fourth Ave. Harold J. DeVries, pas-
tor. 10 a.m. Bible School. 11 a.m.
Morning Worship. The pastor will
continue a series of messages on the
Gospel of John. 7:30 p.m. Evening
Service. Sermon subject: "Christ-
ianity Without a Straitjacket."
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation: Student Class at 9:30
a.m. with Dr. E. W. Blakeman, leader.
Topic for discussion "Personality and
Religion." Morning Worship Ser-
vice at 10:40 o'clock. The Rev. John
E. Marvin, editor of the Michigan
Christian Advocate will preach on
"Religion for Tomorrow." Wesleyan
Guild discussion group at 4:30 p.m.
Mary Jean Sanford will lead the dis-
cussion on "Education." Supper and
fellowship hour at 5:30 p.m.
Memorial Christian Church (Disci-
ples): 10:45 a.m., Morning Worship,
the Rev. E. W. Blakeman will speak
on "Personality and Religion." 4:30
p.m., Students and their friends will
meet at the Guild House, 438 May-
nard St., for a trip to Barton Hills
and Huron River. There will be
swimming, games, picnic supper and
a vesper service. Men in service are
GRIN AND BEAR IT
"Easy street, eh? Seems to me I never worked so hard or got up so
early since you and the kids started making such big money!"
* THE MICHIGAN DAILY SE RVICE EDITION 4
took in a few more pieces
to do.. . "We use our own
mangle and washing ma-
chine," one of the pro-
prietors stated, and we've
worked the ironing system
down to seven minutes per
uniform" . . . Refusing to
reveal their place of busi-
ness for fear of a rush from
the more than 1300 sailors
and marines stationed in
the West Quad, the coeds
have found the job much
easier than the Navy is
finding it, with the iron
situation what it is.
* * *
NEWS THAT the beer
situation in Ann Arbor is
acute has thrown students
into unhappy and dire pre-
dictions of what the town
will be like minus their
favorite beverage . . . The
locality has been drained
of all available supplies and
the prospects for getting
more are none too hopeful
. . Government curtail-
ment of the existing corn
supplies released for mak-
ing beer have added to
the already serious situa-
play here August 14 for the
all-campus Summer Prom,
only big dance to be held
this summer . . . Service-
men and civilians alike
will be able to attend the
function, which will fol-
low in the footsteps of last
year's Prom . . . All pro-
ceeds will be donatedrto
the Bomber Scholarship.
PLAY Production offer-
ing of the week was "Lady
Precious Stream," Chinese
drama which was given in
a mixture of Oriental
solemnity and color...
Enthusiastically hailed as
something "new and dif-
ferent" by the campus, the
play went over with the ac-
customed Repertory bang.
functioning here began
rushing last Monday for
all University students and
V-12 trainees . . . New
rules specify that one-
month pledging only is re-
quired before initiation
provided the pledge's
dent, has been reported
killed in action in the
South Pacific, according to
word received by his par-
ents . . . He is believed to
have been lost in the sec-
ond battle of Kula Gulf,
when his ship, the U.S.S.
Gwin was torpedoed..
While at therUniversity,
Lt. Durfee was a member
of Psi Upsilon.
I'HE CREATION of a
"Nisei Plus" club has;
Japanese who came here
from western relocation
camps into a group de-
signed to acclimate them
to University life. . .Called
"Nisei Plus" because both
American - Japanese and
Caucasians are included in
the organization, the club
already has a membership
of more than 60.
FIRST GRID practice
for the summer found the
Maize and Blue outdoing
themselves with a turnout
of more than 70 Wolver-
thin when it comes to cap-
able line replacements .
The "Seven Oak Posts"
carried the line through
last season and it ;looks as
if some such arrangement
will be required this year.
The forwards will proba-
bly be more numerous but
not to the extent of having
the two or three inter-
changeable lines charac-
teristic of most Minnesota
teams, for instance
Men from other schools
out for the team seem to
be falling into the Crisler
system with gusto and,. all
in all, the situation for fall
appears to be extremely
hopeful for the Maize and
* * *
SOFTBALL teams have
been formed by some of
the Army units stationed
on campus ... Scheduled
for a battle are Co. C-3
champions of Co. C with
victories over two of the
other teams formed within
the Company, and the
newly formed team of Ar-
my medical and dental
students stationed at Vi0-
Church Groups Extend
Welcome to 'Nisei Plus'
NN ARBOR students and church groups are
to be commended for the fine attitude they
have adopted toward the American-born Jap-
anese, or Nisei, who arrived here more than a
Already- the group has been organized into
a club called the "Nisei Plus," and already they
have been invited by several church groups to
to attend social meetings.
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