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June 27, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-06-27

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Editorial
VPBt Deserves All
Cr11it, IL e ts-M- ore

VOL. LII. No. 10-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 27, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

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,4

Pontiac Strike
Settled; Wages
WillBe"iven
For blackout
Punishmnt For Walkout
Leaders Is Promised
By Union Spokesmen;
No Violence Reported
Company Refusal
Called 'Last Straw'
PON'TIAC, June 26.-(P)-Officials
iof the Yellow Truck & Coach Co.
said today they had agreed to pay
night shift workers for 20 minutes
of time lost during a practice black-
out, and that 11,000 strikers would
return to their war production jobs
tomorrow.
In return, an announcement fol-
lowing a joint union-management
parley said, spokesmen for the Unit-
ed' Automobile Workers-CIO prom-
ised to discipline leaders in the un-
authorized walkout, which was de-
nounced by UAW President R. J.
Thomas as a violation of the union's
no-strike agreement with President
SRoosevelt.
Company Refuses Wages
A local union leader described the
company's refusal, at first, to pay
wages for the blackout period last
Wednesday night as the "last straw"
in a series of grievances described as
minor in nature. The company, in
today's conference, consented to ne-
gotiate the remaining differences, in-
volving seniority wage differentials
and inter-departmental transfers,
Monday.
Pickets who had- enforced the
str lke since ageneral walkout fo-
lowed a series of brief sitdowns by
night-shift workers this morning
were withdrawn from the vicinity of
thle plant as soon as word of the
agreement was , brought to them,
police said.
No Violence Occurs
During the day, the pickets had
turned back 6fflc workers and oth-
ers seeking admission to the plant,
but there were no reports of violence.
Roger J. Emmert, vice-president
and factory manager of the com-
pany, said the strike, brought opera-
tions of the plant to a standstill. He
said all its facilities had been devot-
ed to the production of vehicles for
bth the-Army and the Navy.
Col. Ray M. Hare of Fort Wayne,
Army quartermaster's depot at De-
troit which receives the plant's out-
put, said the War Department had
been "very much concerned" about
the stoppage, which he said came
"at a time when every minute of
productive effort is most precious to
the men on our fighting fronts."
Arms Ouput
Pleases FD

Second Front Leader?

Major General Dwight D. Eisen-
hower (above) has been named
commanding general of the Euro-
pean theatre of war for U.S. Forces,
the War Department announced.
He has already arrived in Britain.
Youths, I8-20,1
Will Regtister
here Tuesday.
m-S

Birth Dates Are
As Basis For
Serial, OrderP

Selected
issuing
Numbers,

Along with some 150,000 other
young men throughout the state,
University students between thb ages
of 18 and 20 will report for the Fifth
Selective Service Registration to be
held locally from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Tuesday, at the Armory Building.
New feature of the fifth registra-,
tion will be the issuance of serial and
order numbers on the basis of birth
dates instead of by national lottery.
Reports from the State Selective
[Service Headquarters disclosed that
Tuesday will complete the registra-
tion of 1,850,000 Michigan men be-
tween the ages of 18 and 65 for the
draft.
Exempt From Registering
All members of the National Guard,
Officers Reserve Corps, Regular
Army Reserves, enlisted Reserves
Corps and embers of the advanced
Corps, Senibr Division, ROTC are
exempt from registering.
Officials also stress the importance
of giving the proper" locality when
asked for the home address during
registration. This is highly import-
ant since the student's draft board
will be that of the locality which he
gives as his home a~ddress. Draft
boardsaare not transferrable nOnly
local students registering here Tues-
day will be subject to the Ann Arbor
draft boards.
Liable For Service
Students within these age limits
who have registered previously are
not to do so again. Students, 20
years of age who register June 30,
are liable to military service:as will
be the younger registrants when they
become 20, However, classification
of the 20-year-olds who register June
30, is not expected to begin until
classification of previously registered
men of military age has been com-
pleted.
There will be a meeting of
Sphinx 7:30 Tuesday night at
the Union.
Chuck Pinney, Acting President

British King,
Queen Watch
U.S. Armies
Monarchs See Americans
On Manuever In Ulster
In First Visit Of War
With the United States Forces in
Northern Ireland, June 26.-()-
King George and Queen Elizabeth,
for the first time in this war, have
watched United States forces dem-
onstrate the power with which they
intend to help British armies in re-
pulsing any German invasion of the
island kingdom.
In a full-cress mock battle, the
boys from the United States put on
a, show which showed everything
from the operation of an electric
doughnut maker to medium tanks in
their full striking power.
The all-American display sent the
King and Queen on a "dizzy clip" in'
a series of incidents whose informal-
ity astounded court circles.
One member of the palace entour-
age who has followed the royal fam-
ily for 12 years said:
"It was the best show put on dur-
ing the war and the King seems hap-
pier than.I have ever seen him."
Winant. Accompanies Monarchs
Accompanied by United States
Ambassador John G. Winant, the
monarchs spent one full day of a
three-day visit to Northern Ireland
chatting and dining with United
States troops and bouncing around
in jeeps.
At the Army's Ulster encampment,
they applauded a precision drill by
Iowans, saw anti-tank gunners score
14 direct hits on a moving target
and ate roast beef in the enlisted
men's messhall.
Majesties Review
At the beginning of their day,
Their Majesties reviewed part of the
armored force, watched the infantry
swing past, and rode in bouncing
tanks through pits and over bunkers
while sirens wailed over the din of
make-believe battle.
Then the King and Queen were
taken to a display of armored forces
equipment, including medium and
light tanks, armored cars, field hos-
pitals, kitchens and still more secret
weapons and other materiel.
Queen Elizabeth asked weather-
browned Sergeant Reuben Krage, of
Elria, O., half a dozen sharp ques-
tions about his howitzer.
Aviation Board
Returns Today
Examiners To Stay Here
For Three-Day Period
Having just completed the most
successful tour in its history, the
Traveling Aviation Cadet Examin-
ing Board, headed by Lieut. John
H. Patterson, returns to Ann Arbor
today for a three-day stay on its
regular swing through Lower Mich-
igan
The Aviation Cadet Examining
Board can completely qualify and
enlist men for flight duty, either
for immediate service or under the
deferred plan. All educational re-
quirements have been waived for
flying with the exception of a men-
tal examination which is given
twice daily by the board. This ex-
am will be at 9 a.m. and at 12:30
p.m. today. Applicants must be
prompt as they cannot be admitted
to the examination after it has be-
gun.

Nazi Patrol Units Battle
With British Force 200
Miles From Alexandria
U.S. Airmen Pound
Axis-Held. Tobruk
CAIRO, June 26.-()-The battle
of Egypt was fast developing tonight
in continuous clashes of Axis ad-
vance groups and British covering
forces less than 200 miles from Alex-
andria.
U.S. Army Air Force "Liberators"
struck hard at Tobruk, the closest
supply port which German Field
Marshal Rommel can use to supply
and maintain his full-scale advance.
Main Force Reported
The main elements of Rommel's
striking force, aggregating in all two
German armored divisions and one
Italian division, had attained at last
reports a point 30 miles west of Ma-
truh.
Supported by mobile infantry,
these principal Axis tank columns
were proceeding along a wide desert
avenue some 15 to 20 miles from the
coast.
Smaller enemy units were along
the coast, and others, considerably
southward, reached the western rim
of the Qattara depression, an inland
cauldron of soft sand below sea level,
where they were dealt with by Brit-
ish armored patrols.
British Dig In
The British Eighth Army itself
was reported digging in on a 40-
mile line, flanked on the right by the
Mediterranean at Matruh and on the
left by the supposedly impenetrable
Qattara sink, awaiting the battle
which wil determine whether Egypt
can be held until reinforcements ar-
rive.
So far as could be determined the
main Axis and Britisi forces had
not collided, but in view of the delay
in battle-front communications, this
could not be -said for certain.
In Cairo, United Nations inform-
ants insisted there was every reason
to believe the enemy could be held
unless Lieut.-Gen. Neil M. Ritchie's
army, badly hammered in the three-
week's defeat in Libya, goes com-
pletely to pieces. They said there
was no reason at present to believe
that it would go to pieces.
Suinmer Session
Students Register
While Summer Session students
were busily filling in election cards
and having receipts stamped yester-
day, statisticians of the Registrar's
Office were ,busily tabulating rising
enrollment figures.
When registration came to a close
yesterday evening, reports show that
there were 406 men and 560 women
enrolled for the 1942 Summer Ses-
sion. Contrasting this total of 966
students for' the 1942 session is the
final enrollment figures of the 1941
Summer Session of 2,872 men and
2,183 women, a total of 5,055.
Figures for the 1942 Summer Term
at 5 p.m. yesterday were 3,090 men
and 724 women, a total of 3,814 stu-
dents.

Sevastopol, Kharkov Defenders
Resist Increasing Nazi Pressure;
Advance Forces ClashIn Egypt

By ROBERT PREISKEL
"Manpower may well turn out to
be the limiting factor in our capacity
to produce enough to meet the total
war effort, and is jast becoming
America's number one problem,"
asserted Prof. William Haber, on
leave from the University economics
department to handle his duties as
Director of Planning for the War
Manpower Commission, before 150
representatives of the UAW-CIO yes-
terday.
Pointing out that 10,500,000 'work-
ers must be added to the war indus-
try labor force and that military duty
will enroll another 4,000,000 men this
year, Professor Haber said that "our
crisis in manpower will occur about
next November,"
"And although WPB estimates
credit us with a greater reserve labor
supply than the Axis nations," he
emphasized, "it is only by an inten-
sive program of recruiting, training,
transferring, plaping and upgrading
workers for war industry that we
can hope to achieve maximum pro-
duction."
In line with this program, accord-
Senate Passes
Bill To Expand
Naval Forces
WASHINGTON, June 26 -(R)-
The Senate, after discussing Naval
matters in an extraordinary secret
session, summarily rejected today an
effort by Senator Clark (Dem.-Mo.)
to cancel the Navy's authority to
construct new battleships.
Then, it a passed by voice vote an
$8,500,000,000 Naval expansion bill
authorizing the building of 500 com-
batant ships-carriers, cruisers and
destroyers,
The bill, which now goes to the
White House, does not provide for
any battleships. However, the Navy
is left free to build, or not, as it
chooses, battleships previously auth-
orized. Representative Vinson (Dem.-
Ga.) recently disclosed that the Navy
planned to defer construction of cer-
tain battleships in order to concen-
trate on aircraft carriers.
Clark said that the Navy hadsde-
cided to build no new battleships at
present, and hence the authority
should be cancelled. But when his
amendment came to a vote his was,
the only audible affirmative vote.
Previously, the Senate cleared its
galleries of spectators and newspaper-
men for the first time in years, while
Chairman Walsh (Dem.-Mass.) of the
Naval, Committee presented Naval
experts' views formed in the light of
the most recent war developments.
For 80 minutes the Senate listened
to Walsh and debated the question
in secret. Then the doors were
opened again and Clark presented his
amendment, saying that the Navy
Department had decided not to build
any new battleships at this time.

CY
rr
b
N
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a
Il

Manpower Will Soon Be Main
U.S.Problem, Haber Declares

Attackers Of Sevastopol
Are Beaten Off; Drive
Near Kharkov Halted
Capture Of Izyum
Is German Claim
MOSCOW (Saturday), June 27.-
(I)-With enemy activity increasing

PROF. WILLIAM HABER

ing to Professor Haber, we must break
down many of the barriers which in-
terfere with the most efficient use of .
our available manpower, and put an$
end to "piratind" of workers by large
industrial concerns and the aimless
migration, and we must provide suit-
able transportation and housing fort
those workers.
Stating that "prejudices which are
untenable in times of peace and
criminal now" are one of the chief
hinderances to effective mobilization
of our man power, Professor Haber
s:id, "We must fully employ our 1
Iargest reserve-women, utilize the1
1,000,000 colored workers who are notI
employed, give jobs to older men, t
and weed out many of the. 4,000,0001
technically friendly and 1,000,000 un-
friendly aliens who really are loyal tot
the United States. England has
made extremely effective use of her1
alien population and we must do the
same."1
Bomb-Blasted
Bremen Still
Flame-Racked
LONDON, June 26. -6P)-- Fires
kindled last night at Bremen, princi-
pal target in what was probably the
RAF's biggest night so far, were still
burning this afternoon in that port
city, heretofore known as a great
German arsenal for the Battle of the
Atlantic.
British reconnaissance planes
hunted Bremen out by daylight to
study her ruins and brought back
that word, announced here tonight.
Relays totaling more than 1,000
bombers converged on Bremen last
night in a precision movement at
first facilitated by the moonlight
and the northern lights and later by
the beckoning glare of bomb-set
fires which studded the city.
German twin-engined night fight-
ers, searchlights in their noses, chal-
lenged the attacking waves. At least
two of these were shot down. The
British figured that they were Mes-
.serschmitt-y110's,
Aircraft of the Royal Dutch Naval.
Air Service, Polish and Czech squad-
rons and the Royal Canadian Air
Force's demon squadrons partici-
pated with the RAF bomber, coastal
and army cooperation commands in
the battering of Bremen. One pilot
called the nighttime scene "a crazy
galaxy of green and red, interspersed
with orange flares and blue search-
lights."
Funerl Services
For Junius Beal
To Be Held -T-od
Funeral services for Junius E. Beal,
lng-timre University Regent who'
died Wednesday at 82 years of age,
will be held at 2 p.m. today in the

along the whole front, Soviet forces
f the Ukraine battled attacking Ger-
nans in a great melee of men and
nachines last night after dropping
back before the pounding of the
N'azis, the Russians reported today.
Down in the Crimea Sevastopol's
defenders beat off oneenemy assault .
after another, the Spvets added.
Defenders Halt Nazis
"Our trops in the Kharkov direction
foUght with the attacking enemy
forces," said the midnight Soviet
Information Bureau communique, in-
dicating that Marshal Tmoshenko's
defenders had turned and brought a
hialt to the German advance,
With the increasing activity her-.
alding a possible general German of-
ensive, the Russians said the Nazis
were throwing waves of tanks and
infantry at their troops after the
enemy offensive had rolled past the
mportant rail junction of Kupyansk,
30 miles southeast of Kharkov, and
to the Oskol River, an eastern tribu-
tary of the Donets
(The Germans, claiming their
troops also had captured Izyum, 70
miles southeast of Kharkov, reprted
their offensive below Kharkov had
achieved its purpose of straightening
the front in that area and that it
"may be considered concluded.")
Places Change Hands
"As a result of fierce battles,, popu-
ated places continually are changing
hands," the midnight communique
said of the figiting in the Kharkov
direction. "We are ihflicting heavy
losses on the enem ."
(The Russian communique indi-
cated that the Red Army had halted,
its backward movement in the
Ukraine. It was the first such indi-
cation since the Soviets acknowledged
last Tuesday that the Germans had
opened a drive and had taken the
initiative on the Kharkov front.)
The Germans, attempting an air
raid on Moscow last night, turned
tail before Soviet fighters and a hur-
ricane of exploding steel sent up by
ground batteries, the communique.
reported. It listed six of the enemy
raiders destroyed without a single
Soviet loss.
In a ground attack, the Nazis
hurled an infantry force against Rus-
sians in the recently active Bryansk
sector, southwest of Moscow, and
penetrated the Soviet front line at
one point but were sent reeling back,
the Russians said,
Gas Rationing
For Mid s West
is Reque sted
WASHII GTON, June 26. -()-
Mayors of Eastern Seaboard cities
asked today that the Government ex-
tend gasoline rationing to the Mid-
West temporarily as part of a pro-
gram of increasing movement of pe-
troleum, particularly oil for home
heating, to their own communities.
At a conference attended by Petrol-
eum Coordinator Harold L. Ickes and
Transportation Chief Joseph B. East-
man, the mayors suggested specific-
ally that rationing be instituted in
western New York State, western
Pennsylyania, Ohio,,Indiana, Illinois,
Michigan "and such other Mid-West
states as may be necessary."
There was no "immediate hint as
to the official reaction to the propos.-
al which contemplated that rationing
should continue in the Mid-West un-
til a new pipeline, already approved,
is completed from Texas to Illinois.
B ULLETIN
fONDON, Saturday, June 27-
(A) Prime Minister Winston
Churchill returned to London t-
day. An official announcement

Raw Material Shortage
Is Serious Problem
WASHINGTON, June 26.-(R)-
Announcing the completion of nearly
4,000 planes and more than 1,500
tanks in May, President Roosevelt
said today that "we are well on our
way towards achieving the rate of
production which will bring us to
our goals"
He warned, nevertheless, against
overconfidence and said there were
serious production problems ahead,
some, of them arising particularly
from shortages of raw materials.
These, he added, already are receiv-
ing careful consideration,
In addition to the planes and
tanks, Mr. Roosevelt disclosed that
May production included nearly 2,000
pieces of 'artillery and anti-tank guns
and more than 100,000 machine guns
and sub-machine guns.
The nation's war production goals
announced last January were 185000
planes in 1942 and 1943 together
with 120,000 tanks and 55,000 anti-
aircraft guns in the same period.
U.S. Army Hospital
Detachment Leaves
Today For Training
The 298th General Hospital Unit
of the TTti. Rtates Army, the first

Washtenaw County's No. 1

Citizen

'Aunt Ruth' Buchanan Is MoraleBuilder

By HALE CHAMPION
Meet Washtenaw County's No, 1
patriot.
She's not chairman of any civilian
defense councils, not a facile band-
age-wrapper for the Red Cross, not
a voluble bond-buying rumble-seat
patriot, not even an air raid warden.
Aunt Ruth Buchanan-as hun-
dreds of soldiers, sailors, marines
and airmen know her-is simply a
letter-writer, but the 5,000 messages
from home that she has mailed since
October, 1940. stamp her as one of
the nation's outstanding morale-
builders.
Her story is one of common sense
applied, one of all the fine qualities
that American women reveal in time
of crisis.

contact with home-after all, the
symbol of everything for which they
felt they were fighting.
Mrs. Buchanan, sensing the trag-
edy involved, became Aunt Ruth and
began to remedy the situation. She.
wrote every soldier in Company K,
asked him if he wanted mail and
news from home. Soon she got re-
plies not only from them, but from
every branch of the armed services.
She got letters from former Uni-
versity students, lonely Negro sol-
diers, a Greek boy,\ a Canadian in
officers' training; and from hundreds-
of Americans of every rank.
Sent Daily Letters
And she wrote them back. She
answered every request for corre-
spondence. To a bomber pilot in thef

which she could little afford-all
because "of what they're doing for
US." '
She added names to her mailing
list and spent hours corresponding
with a constantly growing group of
"nephews."
Aunt Ruth Got Reward
And Mrs. Buchanan got her re-
ward, the only reward which she
wanted. One of her Negro corre-
spondents wrote her, "The Japs ain't
gonna get you. They just put me in
charge of 28 trucks and they're all
pointed straight for Tokyo."
Another boy, new to Company K
and without friends, replied to her
greeting, "God bless the people like
you. You are the ones who make us
want to fight."

for what he was doing for his coun-
try-this despite the fact that she
finds it difficult to speak to stran-
gers. The sailor thanked her and
told her how much better he felt
although his father was dying of
tumor of the brain. They are still
fast friends-by mail,
Work Not Unnoticed
Her work has not gone entirely
unnoticed. She has been given the
Emblem of Honor Pin, an honor ordi-
narily reserved for mothers of ,four
or more men killed in action. So
widespread has her activity become
that Kate Smith heard her praise
from soldiers and broadcast it.
Ln the midst of all this work she
continues one activity begun before
the war. She teaches a naturaliza-

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