THE MICHIGAN DAILY
efficacy of the radar method."
Under that system ultra high fre-
quency beams are radioed into the
sky. The radio fingers probing the
atmosphere will be reflected if they
should come in contact with an en-
emy plane, and the presence and
movements of such aircraft could be
detected in any weather.
Instituted and aided financially by
an act of Congress. the ESMDT has
been functioning on campus since
July 1. 1941. Its purpose, according
to the framers of the act, is., the
rapid equipment of men for the
highly technical aspects of work in
fields essential to national defense.
Students may take pre-employ-
ment transfer, refresher or upgrad-
ing. courses, with most of the ,work
being done in the latter three. The
first, intended for unemployed ap-
plicants, is finding' few candidates.
but the others, intended to aid in
shifting men from one industry to
a similar one, in refreshing quali-
fied men who have been working in
other fields, and in equipping active
men for positions of greater respon-
sibility, are fully attended.
Ordnance Graduates 100
The Ordnance Materials Inspec-
tion division last night graduated
its third 100 member class, whose
graduates have already received ap-
pointments to posts in the nation's
chief arms factories. Originally a 12
week course into which ^100 appli-
cants were accepted every month, the
program will shortly be modified to a
nine week one with 75 entrants ev-
ery three weeks. Col. Henry W. Mil-
ler is in charge of administration
and Prof. Orton W. Boston the edu-
"The program has been modified
to get the men through faster, and
because stricter Army regulations
have forced us to discontinue our
practice of spending the last three
weeks of every course in visiting
plants making war goods," said Pro-
A request by the Federal Govern-'
ment will start a -course in Diesel
Engines here July 1 for machinists
mates of the U.S. Navy, who will
then serve as engineer officers on
small ocean going vessels.
A course for women in mapping,
surveying and photogrammetry is
slated to begin July 6.
GRAND RAPIDS, June 19--1P)
Old-fashioned barber shop harmony
ran rampant here tonight as quartets
from widely scattered parts of the
country sang their way toward the
national finals to be held Saturday
night by the Society for the Preser-
vation and Encouragement of Bar-
ber Shop Quartet Singing in Amer-
Quartets eliminated in prelimi-
nary rounds were momentarily dis-
appointed, but they were all on hand
for participation in SPEBSQSA'S
traditional "afterglow," the big sing-
fest at which each group contributes
its favorite selection. If they could
not go back home with the prized
national title, at leats they could go
on singing, which-to the delight of
500 guests - they did.
Among the survivors of the first-
day competition, the first Michigan
quartet to qualify for the finals was
the Hall Brothers Four of Grand
Rapids, selected with the Cihacog
Harmonziers and the Bloomington,
Ill., Whiz Candy makers.
(Continued from Page 2)
tion salary, $2046 per year; July 7,
Course Chem. and Met. 2 will meet
in Room 1213 East Engineering
Building Tuesday-Thursday at 9:00
o'clock instead of in Room 1042 East
Course Chem. and Met. 11 and 105
willi meet in Room 1042 East Egin-
eering Building Tuesday-Thursday
at 9:00 o'clock instead of in Room
1213 East Engineering Building.
Department of Chemical and
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): 10:45 a.m., Morning wor-
ship, Rev. Frederick Cowin. Min-
5:30 p.m., Students of the Disciples
Guild and their friends will meet at
the Guild House, 438 Maynard Street.
Transportation will be provided to
the park by the Huron River for
games, a picnic supper and vesper
service. New students are invited.
Avukah, Student Zionist Organi-
zation, will hold a Communal Sup-
per at Hillel Foundation this Sun-
day night at 6:30. Reservations may
be made by calling Netta Siegel,
2-2868 or 3379. Following the sup-
per and clean-up a timely current
event will be discussed. The remain-
der of the evening will be devoted to
individual and group study. All are
Wesley Foundation: Supper and
fellowship hour at 6:00 p.m. Sun-
day. At the meeting at 6:45 Tom
Johnson, '43, and Inez Chamberlin,
'43, will speak on "What I Believe."
Bob Shugart will lead group discus-
sion following the talks. New stu-
dents especially invited. All stu-
Betty Rae Hilemar,
RUSSIAN WAR: HITLER'S WORST YEAR
...................... :..:::. . a r a a d t l n L n
Rzro ptalid idhepd_ usias
II Vies vu..k4".*Vornezh______
NAZI INVASION RUSSIA'S CUSHION END 8TH FARTHEST RETREAT
PATTERN TERRITORY WEEK ADVANCE LINE
MAJOR SNAGS IN GERMAN STRONGHOLDS UNDER PRIMARY
GERMAN ADVANCE DURING WINTER RETREAT SIEGE GOALS
IT WILL HAVE BEEN just one year ago on Monday, June 22, that Hitler
confidently unleased his panzers on what he fondly believed was a weak-
ened Russia. German generals said that the job would be cleaned up in
a matter of weeks and most of the world, except the Soviet High Command,
believed them. The first anniversary of the invasion finds the Nazi forces
unable to get under way after the terrific mauling they took at the hands
of Russia's armies during the winter.
If the reader looks too intently at the year-long Russian campaign it
becomes a confusing maze of thrusts. parries, advances and retreats along
an 1,800-mile front. But if the long view is taken the whole campaign falls
readily into six main phases:
Phase I-The German wehrmacht opened by lashing out toward Lenin-
grad, Moscow and the Ukraine. Weeks were required to seize the buffers
Russia had erected in the Baltic area, Poland and Bessarabia. After that
the Germans had to smash through the elastic Stalin Line. They succeed-
ed, reached Smolensk and the outskirts of Kiev, but then bogged down.
Phase I-After a few weeks of recuperating, the German war ma-
chine, in mid-August, got rolling again in the Ukraine and before it was
stopped had occupied all of the Dnieper "bulge." At the same time Ger-
man siege lines were drawn around Leningrad.
Phase III-Another long pause occurred, ythen the Germans kayoed
Kiev, crossed the Dnieper and raced across most of the remainder of the
Ukraine. Meanwhile the Germans around Smolensk were thrown for a loss.
Phase IV-With winter looming and fall rains starting Adolf Hitler be-
gan his desperate attempt to push on to Moscow and the Caucasus. Both
drives nearly succeeded. His forces reached within artillery fire of Moscow
and hammered th-eir way past Rostov into the edge of the Caucasus.
Phase V-But by early December Russian plains were deep with snow.
(Hitler later said winter weather came a month ahead of expectation.)
Marshal Timoshenko's Red forces in the south uncorked a counter-attack
that sent the Germans spinning out of Rostov. Other counter-attacks were
begun around Moscow. The German retreat was on! Thousands of Nazi
soldiers froze as they stumbled through snow drifts. All winter long Rus-
sians hammered at the Germans, drove great holes in their lines. But the #
Germans did manage to cling to certain key fortified strongholds.
Phase VI-With Spring weather drying the plains of southern Russia,
Germany struck in the Crimea to regain Kerch. Soviet forces 'countered
with a drive on Kharkov to keep the Germans off balance. As the first
year of the Russian campaign ended, Germany was trying to close in on
long-besieged Sevastopol and to get a drive started in the Kharkov area.
Cannibals Give U.S. Fliers Surprise Welcome
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
512 East Huron
C. H. Loucks, Minister
Services for Sunday, June 21
10:00 - Children's Departments of the Church
10:15-Adult Department of the Church School.
Mr. Loucks leads the student class on "The
World's Living Religions",in the Guild House.
502 East Huron. The discussion this week
will be on "Hinduism."
11:00 - The Church at Worship.
Sermon - "Life's Constants"
Soloist -- Miss Carol Campbell
7:00 - Roger Williams Guild. Rev. George
Jerome, a recent, graduatee of Union Theo-
logical Seminary will speak.
ST. ANDREW'S EPISC'OPAL CHURCH
306 North Division at Catherine
The Rev. Henry Lewis, D.D., Rector
The Rev. Frederick W. Leech,
The Rev. John G. Dahl, Curate
George Faxon, Organist and Choirmaster
8:00 A.M. - Holy Communion
11:0 A.M. f--- inder~yarten. -Hrris IHl
(Continued from Page 1)
travel a thousand miles to pick up
one pilot marooned on an island
"It's marvelous to see the way the
navy worries about its pilots and air
crews." I told Capt. Fred Sherman
(now Rear Admiral) one day aboard
the Lexington which he commanded.
"First and foremost," he replied
"They are our men. Second, their
flying skill is both our striking force
and our defense. We feel we should
do everything in our power to recov-
Probably the best and most de-
tailed story I got first hand was that
of Ensign William I. McGowan who,
with his radioman and the crews of
four other seaplane fighters, spent
a full month on the formerly sinister
island of Rossel. His story was told
to me as I was bound toward the
United States with many others of
the crew of the superb old Lexington
which was sunk on May 8 after a
winning battle with the Japs.
McGowan's story began on March
12. Leaving his cruiser - I may not
mention the names of any of the
cruisers in this story because these
craft still are active in the Pacific,
most of them probably having seen
service in the recent fleet and air
east in the Louisaides," McGowan
"It's about 20 miles long by 10
wide. I remember having read how
a Chief Mooyo once had ruled here.
A French- ship bound from Hong-
kong to Sydney was wrecked on the
reefs bordering the island and 327
Chinese were left ashore by the cap-
tain who sailed a small boat to New
Caledonia to bring assistance.
"History relates that Mooyo put
the unfortunate Chinese on a sand
spit and provided them with water
and food - but he developed a habit
of seizing two or three captives each
time he held a feast for his tribes.
Those seized were killed and cooked
up into tasty long tom- the native
slang for human steaks. When the
captain got back with his assistance
all but one of the Chinese had been
I taxied toward the shore line. We
beached the plane on a sand shoal
50 yards off the beach when we.saw
about 30 natives come dashing out
of the brush. We had our auto-
matics and free machine gun (each
navy plane carries a small caliber
submachine gun for use in such
landing emergencies) and waited
"They were wearing bone through
noses and ears, with very bushy hair
gun, flares, ammunition, charts, and
codes, up to a mission house that
the leader, one Mungi by name, told
them was near by.
There the missionary, a native
named Satepan, gave them a good
dinner consisting of boiled chicken,
boiled yams, fried pumpkin, ripe ba-
nanas and water. McGowan said it
reminded him of a typical banquet
dinner at home.
"After dinner I asked him (Sate-
pan;) if he had a map. I was
astounded to see him produce an
upper air chart for the Southern
Pacific- United States navy Hydro-
graphic publication," said McGowan,
his eyes going round as he recalled
the amazementrhe had feltrat the
Has Naval Map
"You can't possibly guess where
Satepan got that map. He got it by
way of a bottle. Yes. Really. He'd'
found a bottle on the beach one day
with a note in English in it. It had
been dropped into the ocean thou
sands of miles from there by some
American hydrographer. Satepan
sent this man a letter telling him
where he found the bottle and the
hydrographer sent him back the
map as thanks.
"Just think of it! I'd been pre-
pared to battle cannibals but instead
trip to New Guinea in a native boat
-but fortunately never tried it.
The. second afternoon, McGowan
said, was spent bathing in a creek
near Satepan 's mission with the
same supposed cannibals with whom
he had been ready to do battle. Dis-
cussions with them over possibilities
of getting out of the predicament
followed, the young ensign recalled,
about this pattern
1. He would ask a question in Eng-
lish, addressing Mungi. It would be
a simple question such as: "Could
we kill a chicken for dinner to-
2. Mungo would turn to the other,
leliver a brief exhortation, and then
pause dramatically. Instantly there
would be a tremendous uproar from
the 25 or 30 native men gathered
round. Some would frown and shout.
Others would wave their hands wild-
ly while talking at the tops of their
voices. This would continue for per-
haps a minute or two.
3. Suddenly there would be a si-
lence. Mungi would turn back and,
in English, reply: "Yes." 0
"I always wondered what in the
world they all found to say on such
unimportant matters as we brought
up," grinned McGowan in recalling