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August 19, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1942-08-19

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Forced Savings-
Not A Sales Tax ..,



2.15 A.M. FINAL

Big Sea Battle
Is Anticipated
As Allies Wait

Brazilian Ship Sin kings
To Be Avenged--Vargas


In S 010mons
tnits Of Combined Fleet
Reported Ready; Fight
For Sea Lanes Northeast
Of Australia Theatens
Crucial Point Nears
In PacificStruggle
Associated Press Correspondent
MacARTHUR, Australia, Aug. 18.-
Strong units of U.S. Vice Admiral;
Robert Lee Ghormley's combined
Aug. 18 --(P)--Extremely bitter
land fighting In the Solomon Is-
lands (which may continue for
weeks or months was reported to-
night by a New Zealand correspon-
dent in a dispatch under a "South
Pacific port" date.
fleet which so successfully shielded
thle Marine occupation of the Solo-
mon Islands' were reported deployed
tonight in anticipation of a show
down naval fight for all the sealanes
northeast of Australia.
Dispatches from Allied , Naval
Heagquarters in the South Pacific
area laid the greatest of stress on
forthcoming operations at sea now
that the U.S. ,landing forces are
firmly established in the Guadal-
canal-Tulagi area of the Solomons.
May Be Turning Point
These advices, necessarily unoffi.
cial, suggested that big sea battles
still brewing in the waters of the
Solomon chain would prove the turn-
in point in the fight for the barrier
bases north of Australia-New Brit-
ain, New Ireland, New Guinea and
others even more distant.
Tokyo's continued silence about
the fate of the Japanese garrisons in
the southeastern Solomons, mean-
while, gave at least tacit confirma-
tion. to Washington's assertion that
United States Marines had well es-
tablished footholds.
Engineers In Action
(The Berlin radio broadcast a
Tokyo dispatch to DNB saying that
bitter fighting was taking place on
both Guadalcanal and Tulagi islands,
and that the United States engineers
were taking part in the operations
Twenty - four Japanese bombers
struck at Port Moresby in a high-
altitude attack-the first Japanese
raid on the Australian defense area
since the opening of, the battle for
the Solomons.
At the same time airmen from
General MacArthur's command were'
bombing the enemy, bases on the
Island of Timor for the fifth time
in a week.
See Map on Page 4
Navy To Open
New Program
Students With Poor Vision
Are EligibleFor Corps
Designed for students unable to
meet vision requirements in classes
V-5 or V-7 is a Specialist Corps, a
new feature of the Navy's specialist
enlistment program, it was announc-
ed yesterday by the University War
Board and Captain R. E. Cassidy of
the Naval R.O.T.C.
Vision qualification in the new
Corps is 12-20, correctable to 20-20.
Specialization in physics, engineer-
ing, or mathematics is required. ,
The joint announcement also stat-
ed that University enlistments in the

Navy V-1 program will be completed
on campus starting August 24. This
program, which formerly required a
trip to Detroit, will now follow a
new procedure.
Those desiring to enlist should ap-
ply at the University War Board,
1009 Angell Hall, bringing with them
the blue print of their academic
record issued by the Registrar's of-
fice. Following a conference at the
War Board, applicants will go to
the Naval R.O.T.C. office in North
Hall for a further interview and com-
pletion of arrangements for a phy-
sical examination.
This examination may be taken
in Detroit, but a Navy medical offi-
c_ r will came ter Ann Arbor whenever

By The Assoiated Press_
Brazilians demanding war against
the Axis in vengeance for the sub-
marine sinking of five Brazilian coas-
tal ships in three days were told by
President Getulio Vargas today that
these "acts of piracy" would not go
A short time later Lieut. Col. Joao
Pinto Pacca, speaking for War Min-
ister Gen. Eurico Gaspar Dutra, told
DAY, Aug. 19 -(R)- A U. S plane
bombed a submarine 50 miles off
Aracaju on the Brazilian provincial
coast of Sergipe where Axis sub-
marines have been attacking Bra-
zilian ships, the government news
agency announced today.
a crowd at the War Ministry that
the country was at the "gates of
war" and that the Army was "ready
to obey the order of the chiefs who
direct the nation."
Jose Alves Moraes, spkesman for
the crowd, offered the war minister
a bronze plaque torn down from Pra-
ca (Plaza) Italia which he said could
be made into bullets to respond to
Brazil's attackers.
"The Brazilian people are awaiting
Labor Dispute r
Slows Pl1ane
Parts Concern
CIO Charges 'Company
Lockout', AFL Claims
'Cold Sabotage' By CIO
By The Associated Press
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Aug. 18.-A la-
bor stoppage today at the eleven
plants here of the Reynolds Metals
Company, manufacturers of alumi-
num airplane parts, was said by R.
S. Reynolds, president of the com-
pany, to be interfering with produc-
tion vital "to our war effort."
CIO leaders said the stoppage was
a "company lockout," while AFL of-
ficials termed the trouble "cold sabo-
tage of the war effort by the CIO."
Estimates as to the full extent of
the stoppage varied but all agreed
serious damage to the war effort
was being caused.
Joseph D. Cannon, CIO regional
director, declared a total of 2,000
men working in the eleven plants
were out. and "more joining them
Reynolds said all of the plants
were in operation but with reduced
An AFL official merely said "many
men are out.
' R. W. Pasnick, field representative
of the International Union, CIO Al-
uminum Workers of America, said
the trouble started yesterday when
Ray Stober, aCIO worker at one of
the plants was fired "for no good
"Today the men refused to return
to work until Stoer is takep .back,"
Pasnick stated. "This isn't a strike,
it's a lockout. We haven't a contract
there but when they discriminate
against our men we are going to try
to get their jobs back."
New Type Of Program
For Post-War Meeting
Initiating a new type of program,
this week's session of the Post-War.
Council will consist of a public opin-
ion forum on vital domestic issues.
The meeting will be held in the
Grand Rapids Room of the/Michigan
League tomorrow at 7:55 p.m.
With William Muehl presiding, te
questions will be presented to the
audience and individual members will

discuss them by voluntary partici-
pation. The speaking is to be ex-
temporaneous and the length of dis-
cussions limited.

orders for the Army to be led wher-
ever necessary," he said.
It was learned, that the ships car-
ried 836 persons, including 274 sol-
diers, and that only 157 were known
to have reached land, while 50 were
definitely lost and the remainder
The government was reported tak-
ing unspecified measures to eliminate
the submarine menace evident in
these first attacks against purely'
coastal shipping.
Addressing a crowd that paraded
to his official residence, shouting and
singing the national anthem until he
appeared, the president in an im-
promptu speech did not mention war,
but said ships of aggressors would+
be seized and property of Axis nay-
tionals in Brazil would be held re-
sponsible for Brazilians' losses.
Up to 30 percent of Axis property
already has been seized to compen-
sate for previous sinkings of 13 Bra-
zilian ships by submarines.
Brazil severed relations with the
Axis last January, and since has
arrested hundreds of Axis spies.
The temper of Brazilians was indi-
cated by a crowd of 500 that gather-
ed before the United States Embassy,
cheering President Roosevelt, Am-
bassador Jefferson Caffrey and the
United States and shouting for uni-
ted action by the American nations
against the Axis.
Another crowd converging on the
municipal theater was told by Po-
lice Chief Alcides Goncalves Etche-
goyen that the government was tak-
Yet another took Brazilian flags
from in front of two pro-Axis news-
eign ministry, where a spokesman
shouted, "This demonstration is to
show the Brazilian government that
the people will follow the government
Attorney Cites
In Trust Suits
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.-An at-
torney of the Department of Justice
told a Senate committee today that
although the War and Navy Depat-
ments had blocked a government
anti-trust suit against the General
Electric Company, they had done
nothing to halt a General Electric
suit against a competitor which sup-
plies war factories with lamps.
The attorney, John W. Walker,
told the Patents Committee that
both the government's suit charging
General Electric with a monopoly in
the manufacture of incandescent
lamps and General Electric's suit to
restrain the Hygrade §ylvania Cor-
poration from making fluorescent
lamps came to trial this summer.
He said the former suit was stop-
ped, presumably on the ground that
it would hamper the war effort by
requiring General Electric officials
to devote time and attention to the
However, he introduced a letter
from Lawrence Burns, Hygrade's
paten't attorney, to the effect that
General Electric officials had spent
several months in preparing the case
against their competitor for alleged
infringements of patents and C. G.
Found, director of lamp research,
had attended the trial,
"In other words," Chairman Bone
(Dem.-Wash.) said, "General Elec-
tric could use the courts against -a
competitor, but government officials
suppressed the government's use of
the courts against General Electric
in a suit aimed at a monopoly that
stifles production."
Walker said the suit against Hy-
grade was concluded last week, but
no decision has yet been announced.
If General Electric won the suit, he
said, Hygrade would not be able to
continue making lamps for defense

plants unless it took General Elec-
tric licenses "and if it takes out the
licenses it will be restricted to a very
small production."

WPB Asked
To Distribute
Seasonal Shortage Creates'
Need For Government
Action, Says Committee
Greater Demand
Is Caused By War
By The Associated Press
WASIJINGTON, Aug. 18. - The
War Production Board received a
recommendation from its Foods Re-
quirements Committee today that the
government allocate supplies of
meats among butcher shops, stores
and other retail outlets in a move
to assure equitable distribution of
limited supplies.
The recommendation grew out of
a seasonal shortage of meats that
has developed in several sections of

Nazi Attacks Force Soviet
Retreat Near Stalingrad;
U. S. Airpower In Action


_. h

British General
To Destroy Axis
In North Africa



CHICAGO, Aug. 18.-(A')-A pro-
posal that American hotels, restau-
rants, clubs, institutions and homes
be asked to observe voluntary
"meatless Tuesdays" was made to-
night by the Wr Efforts Commit-
tee of the International Stewards'
and Caterers' Association.
the country, particularly in the East,
as a result of an unprecedented war
demand. .
Such a plan, if put into effect
by the WPB, would give each distri-
buting agency a certain percentage
of the meat it sold in a similar past
period. It would follow the allocation
plan used in distributing sugar be-
fore consumer rationing was put into
The communique, headed by Secre-
tary of Agriculture Wickard, directed,
however, that the Office of Price Ad-
ministration formulate a consumer
rationing plan for use only in the
event the allocations system and
some readjustments in present price
ceiling on meats mailed to accom-
plish an equitable distribution.
The Agriculture bepartment con-
tinued to emphasize that there was
no shortage 9f meat .when judged
by past consumption. It says that
supplies available during the 12-
month- period ending next July 1
should equal the amount Americans
consumed annually during the 1930-
40 period, or about 135 pounds per
person per year.
Local Workers
Precision Parts CIO Men
Seek Wage Increase
CIO workers in Precision Parts Co.,
Ann Arbor plant now engaged in
war production, have appealed to the
War Labor Board for a 20 per cent
increase in wages and a closed shop
G. W. Magnor, international repre-
sentative of the UAW-CIO said yes-
Negotiations for a union contract
had been carried on from 10
a. m. to midnight every day for the
latter part of last week, according
to Magnor, but the company refus-
ed the closed shop and said that it
could not afford to grant the wage
Magnor claimed that "98 per cent
of the workers are members of the
CIO and we (the CIO) believe that
the union shop should be instituted.
"We also believe that wages should
be raised because the pay at Preci-
sion Parts is less than that at sim-
ilar factories. The minimum pay
there is 65 cents per hour, the aver-
age, 80.3 cents. At similar plants in
Jackson, the average pay is about
$1.05 per hour.
"We have been unable to get in-
formation showing the financial abil-
ity of the plant to meet this increase,
and we are asking the WLB to step in
and study the case."
Mr. B. H. Warner, part owner of
the plant, did not wish to comment
on the situation, but said thatthe
company was reserving its decision
on the closed shop clause.

Churchill Conferred
In Cairo Stopover
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 18 -(P)-The
United States Airforce was rising to-
day toward its full place in a titanic
struggle for control of the skies over
Europe and the Middle East.
American two-motor bombers have
entered the air war in Africa and
four-motored flying fortresses stand
ready to repeat and intensify raids
like yesterday's on the Nazi-held Eu-
ropean continent.
The RAF, already deep into- the
fight, paced the growing onslaught
last night with a smashing new blow
to Osnabrueck, key to German rail
lines to the Rhineland.
United States and RAF leaders
agreed that the curtain-raising fly-
ing fortress attack by daylight on
Rouen, France, yesterday would be
followed by a steadily-mounting and
closely coordinated American Bri-
tish aerial effort.
Britain Is Vast Carrier
This island already has been con-
verted into a vast aircraft carrier
with hundreds of planes in the air
constantly, on patrol, sweeping the
channel, and striking out on the
While the "center ring" in this
deadly air circus is this island, the
RAF and U. S. Army Air Force also
are chopping away at the Axis in
the Middle East. There American
bombers joining the big four-mo-
tored Liberators in attacking Field
Marshal Erwin Rommel's forces
while United States fighter pilots
were serving with RAF desert squad-
American Units Arrive
Dispatches from Cairo tonight re-
ported new American Army contin-
gents, including aviation ground
staffs and other units, wearing the
new deep-dish type U. S. steel hel-
mpt, being debarked in the Middle
East to join the growing aggregation
of American power in that theater.
e first large-scale flying for-
tress day raid was directed at rail
facilities at Rouen. It was an all-
American effort directed by Brig.
Gen. Ira C. Eaker, who was in one
of the leading planes. The dozen ma-
chines flew at a great height, the
crews much of the time being obliged
to use oxygen tanks.
Churchill Conferred
In Cairo Stopover

Speech Play
To Be Given
Here Today

Geri ans Advance
In South Caucasus

* * *
The three-act comedy, "Tinre for
Romance," written by'Alice Gersten-
berg and produced by the Secondary
School Theatre of the Department of
Speech, will be presented at 8:30
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendelssohn
The performance will be open to.
the public. Doors to the theatre will
open at 8 P m. and will close when
the theatre is filled.
Featuring an all-woman cast, the
play is one of the few available that
does away completely with male
Action of the play centers around
the interior decorating establishment
of Cynthia Clyde, played by Peggy
Richards, who is trying to decide
whether to marry or "to continue
with her career,
Dorothy N. Wineland portrays her
secretary, Betz, who tries to keep
Cynthia free from marriage. Con-
flict evolves when the head sales-
lady,'Azalea, played by Lillian Moel-
ler, encourages Cynthia to work less
and play more.
Other people who are influential
in enabling Cynthia finally to reach
a decision are Marina, the head de-
signer, played by Elizabeth Lawrence;
Mrs. Leonard Mclnness, the wife of
a straying husband, played by Betty
Bartlett; the army officer's wife,
Mrs. Highby, played by Jane Beasley,
and her daughter, Darlene, played by
Miriam Schory.
Also aiding Cynthia are Mrs. New-
ton Topley, a dowager, played by Rita
Lou Brennan; and Gabrielle Reed,. by'
Marjorie Lowe. Jane Edmonds takes
the part of Susie, the bewildered
All the members of the cast will
be making their first public appear-
ance of the summer, having been
chosen from students who have not
had a previous opportunity to ap-
pear in the summer productions.
Summer Choir
To Sing Today
Concert In Hill Auditorium
To Be LedBy Klein
Under the direction of Mr. May-
nard Klein, guest instructor from
Sophie-Newcomb College and Tulane
University, the Summer Session
Choir will present a concert at 8:30
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The Choir will sing several compo-
sitions being presented in Ann Arbor
for the first time, including "Iris,"

Other Russian Resistance.
Generally Strengthened;
Axis Drives On Volga

By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Aug. 19 (Wednesday).
-Smashing German tank attacks
forced the Red Army to withdraw
in one sector of the vital defenses
before the Volga industrial city of
Stalingrad and drove a wedge into
another sector, the Soviet midnight
communique said today, but in other
areas Russian resistance was reported
generally strengthened.
The new German gains were south-
east of Kletskaya, 76 miles northwest
of Stalingrad, where the Germans
appeared to be concentrating their
drive to cut the Volga.
The communique also reported
fighting in the region of Pyatigorsk,
15 miles south of Mineralnye Vody,
indicating that the Germans had
made new advances on the South
Caucasus front.
On the other hand, the Russians
appeared to hold the initiative in the
Krasnodar sector, farther to the west,
and the communique said one Soviet
unit in counterattacks routed a bat-
talion of Germans who had forced a
crossing of the Kuban River.
Red Offensive Near Leningrad
Earlier reports said Marshal Sem-
eon Timoshenko's forces had occu-
pied an important line In the defense
of Stalingrad and that the Red Army
had launched an offensive far to the
north on the Leningrad front.
A special Soviet communiue'said
the Germans had lost 1,250,000 men
in the three months up to Aug. 15-
480,000 of them killed-and had
drained much of their reseve
strength from Western Europe to
strengthen their drive into Russia.
The special communique said the
Germans had withdrawn 22 divisions
from France, Belgium and Holland
and had mobilized 70 other divisions
from Italy, Rumania, Hungary and,
Slovakia for service on the gussian
The casualties covered in the com-
munique were for the period May 15
to Aug. 15. During the same time
Russian losses were given as 606,000
dead, wounded and missing.
Speaking of the fighting on the
Stalingrad sector, Izvestia said Rus-
sian infantry,' artillery and tanks
-fulfilled their order to halt the en-
emy by all means."
Russian Pressure
(The Berlin communique stressed
"hard defensive battles" against
great Russian pressure in the Vyazma
and Rzhev salients on the Moscow
front, and said 1,068 Russian arm-
ored vehicles had been destroyed in
this fighting since July 30.)
The Russian communique covered
the Red Army's offensiveunorthwest!
and southwest of Moscow in a single
paragi-aph which said: "On the
northwestern front engagements of
local importance took place. Soviet
hroops launched several attacks and
inflicted considerable losses on the
Germans in manpower and material"
However, Moscow radio broadcasts
later in the day said the Russians
had started heavy new attacks on
the Leningrad front, advaning un-
der an artillery barrage and pressing
the Germans back near a railway
Red Star, the army newspaper, re-
ported Timoshenko's counter-thrust
southwest of Stalingrad, where the
Germans had driven beyond Kotel-
nikovski, 95 miles from the Volga
city named for Russia's premier.
Prom Decorations,
To Be At Minimum
To Aid War Relief
In order to give all the proceeds $f
the Summer Prom to the Russian
and Chinese war relief decorations
will be kept at a minimum, depend-
ing mainly on the effect of Russian,
Chinese and American flags draping
the band stand.
Playing beneath the flag of the
United States, Hal McIntyre's 22-
piece orchestra will play in the Sports
Building from 9 p.m. until 1 a.m.

Friday. Coeds have 2 a.m. permis-
cin .-nr a. +.h a rina,

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 18.-The British
picked their toughest general tonight
to destroy the Axis forces in North
Africa-General Sir Harold R. L. G.
Alexander, "last man out of Dun-
kerque" and master of the brilliant
retreat from the Japanese through
the jungles of Burma.
The appointment of the slim, wiry,
50-year-old Ulsterman to succeed
Gen. Sir Claude J. E. Auchinleck to
the Middle East Command, was con-
nected in many minds here with
Prime Minister Churchill's visit to
Moscow last week and to a War Of-
fice desire to inject new genius into
an increasingly serious situation.
Churchill stopped over in Cairo
briefly and sources here said they
believed his conferences with Joseph
Stalin in the Kremlin were con-
cerned, in part, with the desert war-
fare and the Axis menace to Suez.
* * *
Toughest General Picked
To Destroy Axis Forces
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, Aug. 19r(Wednesday)
Prime Minister Churchill, it was dis-
closed officially today, spent a day
with the Allied troops in the western
desert when he stopped off at Cairo
last week enroute to Moscow for his
conference with Premier Joseph
The announcement said he held
"important discussions with service
chiefs and other British authorities
in the Middle East." Among those
with whom he talked were General
Sir Archibald P. Wavell, who joined

Local Theatres Will Cooperate
In Bond Tribute To War Heroes

! ?

Selected as the spearhead for the
Treasury's September bond. and,
stamp drive the motion picture in-
dustry will mobilize its every branch
according to Secretary of the Treas-
ury Morgenthau.
Every theatre in this city is in the
drive and 15,000 national theatres

every mother's son in service." It is
the aim of the drive that a bond for
every local enlisted man will be pur-
"We will do our share and I know
the movie-goers of this city will do
theirs," comments E. C. Beatty, Pres-
ident of the W. S. Butterfield Thea-

Monkeys Roaming City.
After Hospital Break
Monkeys were reported on the
loose in the vicinity of the University
Hospital where they are stationed for


The National Anthem
Stabat Mater
Laudate Dominum in
Tympanis.......... Palestrina
My Bonnie Lass, She Smileth
April Is in My Mistress'
Face .... ..... Thomas Morley
Liebeslieder, Op. 52
.. .....Johannes Braluns
To.Be Sung of a Summer's
Night on the Water
.......Frederick Delius
Iris............Blair McClosky
Excerpts from Cantata "In

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