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August 12, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-08-12

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Weather
Continued Cool

LI a

Sir igan

at t

Editorial
Congress Should Enact
Democr iztzation' Plan

VOL. LII No. 41-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 121 94

2:15 A.M. FINAL

Ann Arbor

Blackout Set

For

10

Tonight

o

Bombay Police
To Use Lashes;
Soldiers Fire
Into Throngs
Strongest Of Measures
Ordered To Quell Riots
As Outbursts Continue;
BombayDeaths Hit 31
Civil Disobedience
SpreadsIn India
By PRESTON GROVER
Associated Press Correspondent
BOMBAY, Aug. 11.-The governor
of populous Bombay Province tonight
ordered massed polie patrols and
British Army machine-gunners to
use the strongest measures, includ-
ing lashing, to quell disorders in this
storm center of the Gandhi Free
India campaign.
The stern new order came after
troops and police had fired into many
unruly crowds.
"I cannot allow this disturbance of
the life of the city to continue," said
the governor, Sir Roger Lumley.
"I am going to maintain order at
any cost. Tokthose, therefore, who
may be thinking of going on with
these disturbances, I now give this
plain warning: The police and troops
have orders to take the strongest
measures whenever necessary."
Clashes Continue
In continuing clashes between civil
disobedience demonstrators and the
security forces, 13 more persons were
killed and 30 injured today in 10 sep-
arate outbursts here, with troops fol-
lowing up their repeated actions of
yesterday in firing on crowds on one
or two occasions.
This brought casualties in Bombay
alone, since the first outbreaks Sun-
day upon the arrest of Mohandas K.
Gandhi, to at least 31 dead and more
than 250 injured, while more than
500 arrests have been made. There
was no accurate count of casualties
elsewhere in the teeming sub-conti-
nent.
At Patna, capital of Bihar Prov-
ince, five persons were killed and 19
injured when police fired on demon-
strators massed near the government
secretariat this afternoon.
Whipping Act
Lumley foowed up his broadcast
warning tonight, with a communique
announcing invocation of an emer-
gency whipping act for Bombay
Province and the drafting of several
hundred additional police into the
city from other districts.
While rioting spread from Bombay
in the west to Calcutta in the east,
accompanied by work stoppages, the
authorities were alert for the spark
that might set off communal clashes
between the Hindu followers of Gan-
dhi and members of the Moslem mi-
nority. Hindu students already have
stoned Moslem shops here.

U. S. Forces Hold Own
In Solomon Island Fight
Troops Keep Footholds, 'Outpunching'
Japs Despite Strong Counterattacks

Lights To Go Out For Half-Hour;

t'4

Same Rules As First Test

."

By C. YATES McDANIEL
Associated Press Correspondent
GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Australia, Aug. 11.-
United States landing forces held
their footholds in the Solomon Is-
lands tonight despite the force of
Japanese counterattack,and the en-
tire Allied striking force was pic-
tured by an official spokesman as
outpunching the Japanese.
"We are holding our own," said
Prime Minister Curtin in the first
word from an official source in Aus-
tralia on the progress of the main
offensive in the strategic island
chain.
Heninterpreted Admiral Ernest J.
King's preliminary announcement in
Washington yesterday of losses on
both sides in the developing land,
sea and air fight as indicating that
Allied gains so far had greatly out-
weighed losses.
It was disclosed, meanwhile, that
American troops exclusively were in-
volved in the landings and the fight
ashore for control of the vital area
around Tulagi Harbor, best fleet
massing anchorage in the Archipel-
ago.
Australian naval units took part
alongside the United States Naval
Force directed by Vice Admiral Rob-
ert L. Ghormley, Supreme Com-
mander of Allied Naval Forces in the
South Pacific area.
Australian planes, too, were taking
part along with American air forces
of General MacArthur's command in
a deadly battering of the whole vast
system of Japanese 'concentration
points stretching southeastward into
the mountainous Solomons.
A communique today said Rabaul,
big Japanese base in New Britain at
the flank of the Solomon operations,
had been pounded for the third con-

War Department
Questions Ground

Markings

Story

WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. -(P)-
The War Department today ques-
tioned the truth of a story released
by Army press agents on Monday
telling with accompanying photo-
graphs of the discovery and oblitera-
tion of ingenious ground markers
intended to guide enemy bombers to
airfields and war production plants.
Asserting the story "may be un-
true," the War Department said that
Lieut.-Gen. Hugh A. Drum, com-
manding the Eastern defense area,
withheadquarters at GovernorsrIs-
land, N. Y., was conducting a thor-
ough investigation. The release was
distributed from Mitchell Field, N. Y.
The story, and pictures, had to do
with sacks of grain stacked in a field
in the form of a figure nine with the
tail of the figure pointing to an air-
craft plant. and plowed fields or
woodland clearings shaped like ar-
rows pointing to defense plants and
air fields.
Army Signal Corps
Seeking Applicants

Experts Claim
New Bombers*
Are Speediest
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 11.-Britain took
her Avro Lancaster off the secret list
today and British aeronautics writers
quickly hailed the battle-tested ma-
chine as the biggest and fastest
heavy bomber in the world.
The newly unveiled giant, like its
famous teammate in raids on Ger-
many-the short Stirling-carries an
eight-ton bomb load, but its pace of
300 miles per hour and up is better
than the Stirling's. The Lancaster
is armed with ten .303-caliber ma-
chine guns mounted in four power
turrets.
It has a maximum range of 3,000
miles, a thousand more than the
Stirling, and is thus the prime weap-
on for bold raids on selected targets
deep in Germany. Its first officially
disclosed operation was the daring
daylight raid on Augsburg last April
17.
In July several Lancaster squad-
rons made the longest daylight at-
tack flight of the European war-
1,750 miles through bad weather to
bomb the Danzig submarine yards.
The Lancaster's weight is 30 tons.,
It has a wing-spread of 102 feet and
a 33-foot bomb compartment.
Aeronautical writers reported it is
one of the favorites of RAF crews
because of its exceptional speed and
maneuverability.
Little Miss Volunteer
For Women's Army
Turned Down Flat
NEW YORK, Aug. 11. -(,T)-
America's new Women's Army lost
an attractive young volunteer to
the police today.
Well-dressed, wearing sun glass-
es and carrying a parasol and light
suitcase, she was found wander-
ing in Queens. Escorted to a police
station, she gave her name only as
"Dinah" or "Diana."
"Where were vni uning9" nnlice

secutive day. The war bulletin also
reported attacks on Japanese ship-
ping south of Timor, more than 2,000
miles to the west, in which a heavy
destroyer and two Japanese mer-
chantmen were knocked out.
In the jungle-cloaked interior pf
New Guinea, too, Allied forces were
said to have lashed out with attacks
in the Kokoda sector yesterday,
strongly engaging Japanese advance
forces and driving them back.
Fresh supplies to keep the offensive
moving were poured into" Australia.
An Australian spokesman said the
new shipments were of "highest pos-
sible value" and would "revolutionize
offensive operations in the north."
There has been no official state-
ment here of Allied losses or of losses
inflicted upon the enemy in the Solo-
mon battle since Admiral King's
Washington announcement that an
Allied cruiser was sunk, and two
cruisersutwodestroyers and a trans-
port were damaged. He spoke of "a
large number" of enemy planes de-
stroyed and Japanese surface units
put out of action.
Rep. Fish Wins
Renominationt
Of Repubitcans
ALBANY, N. Y., Aug. 11.-(M-
Rep. Hamilton Fish overcame three
opponents and intra-party opposition
led by Wendell L. Willkie tonight to
win Republican renomination in
President Roosevelt's home congres-
sional district.
. Widely attacked by rival candi-
dates and many Republican leaders
for what they termed his pre-war
isolationist views, the veteran of 22
years in Congress and caustic peace-
time Administration critic held a
decisive lead after slightly more than
half the primary vote was tabulated.
The vote in 122 of 223 districts
was Fish, 9,366; Augustus W. Ben-
net, 3,682; Emerson D. Fite, 622,
and Edward J. Bowen, 63.
Two other Congressmen against
whom the pre-PearlHarbor isola-
tionist cry was raised also were mak-
ing strong bids for renomination.
One, Rep. Edwin A. Hall (Rep.),
of Binghamton, polled a vote of 7,426
to 7,071 for John C. Stott in 174 of
288 precincts in the 34th district.
A Democrat, William B. Barry, in
46 of 548 districts in New York
City's Second Congressional Ditrict
held a lead of 2,346 to 857 votes over
William F. Brunner.
Stephan Files
appealNotice
DETROIT, Aug. 11. -(m)-Max
Stephan, German-born Detroit res-
taurant-keeper sentenced to hang
Nov. 13, filed notice of appeal
through attorneys tonight from the
death penalty pronounced after his
conviction by a U.S. district court
jury here on a treason charge.
Federal Clerk George M. Read
kept his office open for more than
two hours after normal closing time
to receive the notice before the ex-
piration of the period in which it
might legally be filed.
The U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
in Cincinnati ruled earlier in the day
that a notice filed before sentence
was pronounced had been prema-
ture and could not stand.
The appeal asserted that the jury
went beyond the scope of the indict-
ment in reaching its verdict, that the
indictment was unfounded on fact
and that "if Stephan'was guilty of
any crime he was not guilty of trea-
son."

President Withholds
Comment On Strikes
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.-(IP)-
President Roosevelt wanted more
facts and figures today before he
would comment on press conference
rnactM-nncwhich rpfprvrd +o"wilat"

Local civilian defense and law enforcement officials yesterday re-
vamped plans for Ann Arbor's blackout tonight,--part of a tri-state Army-
ordered test-after announcement of a one-hour advance in schedule from
11 to 10 p. m. came from the sixth regional office of civilian defense in Chi-
cago.
Under the new last-minute ruling, Ann Arbor along with 41 Southern
Michigan counties will extinguish its lights for a half-hour period ending at
10:30, one hour before blackout warnings sound in Illinois and Wisconsin.
Tonight's trial alert will be governed by the same rules and regulations
used in Ann Arbor's initial test last month, but with stiffer penalties for in-
fractions promised by Chief of Police Sherman Mortenson and Sheriff John
Osborne. Summonses, not warnings, will be given violaters in the city.

'Holland Under
Occupation' Is
Of Dutchman's

German
Subject
Lecture

Dr. B. H. Sajet of the Netherlands
Information Bureau and former
member of the Municipal Council of
Amsterdam until the Nazi Invasion
will give a public lecture on "Holland
Under German Occupation" at 4
p.m. Sunday in the Rackham Lecture
Hall.
The lecture is sponsored by Citi-
zens for Victory.
Because of his active interest in
problems of public administration
and his prominence as a member of
the Dutch Social Democratic Party,
Dr. Sajet's position in Holland after
the capitulation became very diffi-
cult, with danger of imprisonment.
Together with two sons and four
companions he crossed the channel
to England in a small rowlboat to
learn there of the death of a son
who, serving in the Dutch Air Force,
had crashed in a training plane.
Dr. Sajet has completed a fivt
month speaking tour throughout
Canada.
War Geography:
Solomon Islanids
* WHY ARE THEY
IMPORTANT?
The Solomons, a group of Brit-
ish-owned coral islands whose only
economic importance is that be-
stowed by a thriving cocoanut' in-
dustry, have formed the most ad-
vanced stepping-stone for the
Japanese thrust to the south which
began in the Malay Peninsula and
swept through Borneo and North-
ern New Guinea to its present sta-
tion.
These islands form the point of
a Jap dagger aimed at the Ameri-
can supply line from Hawaii to
Australia. From the islands' posi-
tion northwest of the "down un-
der" continent, Nipponese heavy
bombers have been pounding at
this line since the Solomons were
taken.

Dre B. I. Sajet
Will Give Talk
Here Sunday

GilberU=Su llivan Operetta 'Pinafore'
Will Open On Repertory Stage Today

Final preparations yesterday for
the alert saw 3,000 regular officers
and volunteer workers in Washtenaw
County check assignments for to-
night's test. Air raid wardens and
auxiliary policemen will join with
law enforcement officers to patrol
city streets during the blackout
With all lights required to be ex-
tinguished or shielded as soon as
warning signals sound tonight at
9:57, Ann Arbor residents and Uni-
versity students were warned again
by local officials to stay off the
streets during the alert.
Only lights permitted tonight will
be railroad signals, barricade mark-
ers and emergency lights along with
those needed by war factories to con-
tinue production.
Although home has been designat-
ed asa safehplacehduring the black-
out, residents are urged to utilize
light-tight refuge rooms if available.
Pedestrians caught on the streets
when the warning is given must
stand as close to buildings and door-
ways as possible and are prohibited
from crossing streets.
Among rules that will be enforced
more strictly tonight than in the
previous test will be the ban against
smoking and use of matches while
outdoors. Leaving a house unattend-
ed with lights on will also constitute
a violation.
City regulations apply most force-
fully to automobile drivers-forbid-
den to continue driving during the
blackout. Motorists must park at
once, lock ignition, set hand brake,
and seek shelter immediately. Park-
ing in front of fire hydrants or dou-
ble parking is prohibited.
State-wide comments on the black-
out point to a "use of discretion" by
air raid wardens in enforcing these
regulations. Capt. Donald S. Leonard,
State Corps Commander, declared
yesterday that "it would be a lot
better for a warden to rap on a
housewife's door and tell her to ex-
tinguish a light than to arrest her."
Hoie Star Gable Joins
U.S. Army As Private
LOS ANGELES, Aug. 11.-Screen
actor Clark Gable, 41, will be enlisted
in the Army Air Forces tomorrow
as a private, an Army recruiting of-
ficial said today.
He said Gable had made applica-
tion for assignment as an aerial gun-
ner,
"He doesn't want to sell bonds or
pour pink tea," the official said. "He
wants to be a regular soldier."
The official did not-say where the
actor would be sent for his prelimi-
nary training which will consist of
both ground and aerial instruction.

1 tn ituuxy
DETROIT, Aug. 11.- UP)- John
Haines, who recalls that as a school-
boy he saw Abraham Lincoln making
his first trip to Washington will ob-
serve his 100th birthday Saturday.
Haines is the last living member of
the Detroit G. A. R. and the oldest
charter member of the Detroit Fed-
eration of Musicians.

German Troops
Overrun Maikop,
Heador Grozny
Russians Hol d' Firm In Grim Struggle
Fought For Approaches To Stalingrad
But Nazis Still Advance In Caucasus
By EDDY GILIWORE
Associated Press Staff Writer
MOSCOW, Aug. 12 (Wednesday).-German troops striking southeast-
ward in the Caucasus were reported officially today to be only 200 miles
from the rich Grozny wells after overrunning the devastated Maikop oil
region in the west.
A communique announced the Germans had reached the Cherkessk
area, 70 miles southeast of Armavir, in a thrust down the Rostov-Baku rail-
way into the Caucasian foothills. (Cherkessk, not shown on many maps,
apparently is a town often listed as Kursavka).
The Germans have said their troops had captured Pyatigorsk, only 140
miles short of Grozny, but there still was no confirmation here of that claim.
The Russians were fighting "heavy defensive battles both in the Cherk-
essk and Maikop areas," the communique said, and the Germans also "broke
-___ >through our positions" in the Kras-
nodar sector 60 miles northwest of
Maikop
Nine Campus Svie tankmen and Cossacks
picked off 19 German tanks and 37
trucks, and killed 700 Germans be-
fore withdrawing to new positions
'3,,, y e south of Krasnodar, the Russians
Hal ivcIntyre said.
Grim Defenses
Hal McIntyre and Claude Thorn- In the grim fight for the ap-
hill now share the top place as the proaches to Stalingrad the Russians
two new bands most likely to reach apparently still were holding firm.
the"pek o th or hep,"accrd- "In the area south of Kletskaya
the "peak of the ork heap, accord- (75 miles northwest of Stalingrad),
ing to the results of the Billboard's our troops carried out stubborn bat-
Fifth Annual College Music Poll. tles with tanks and enemy infantry,"
Presenting Hal McIntyre and his the communique said.
newly honored band at the season's "The Germans are suffering tre-
only big dance, which will be held mendous losses. Bringing up re-
from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. Friday, Aug. serves, they are attempting to break
21, in the Sports Building, are nine through. One large enemy motorized
leading campus organizations. Re- column has been dispersed by our
sults of a campus poll brought about troops."
a decision to make the dance; a semi- Northwest of Kotlenikovski, which
formal affair, and Summer Term, is 95 miles southwest of Stalingrad,
Summer Session'and townspeople are the communique said all types of
invited to attend, weapons were in action, and "the
Twenty-eight schools gave their enemy was forced to go over to de-
votes to raise McIntyre and Thorn- fensive operations" in one area.
hill to number one place in the Bill- Tank Battle Rages
board Poll, and Vaughan Monroe, The Russians said that during a
Slast year's winner, slipped to third large tank battle preceding this de-
on the list of bands. velopment their Red Army destroyed
In casting their votes for McIntyre, 21 Nazi tanks and killed 800 Ger-
the college editors, representing their mans.
schools, praised his novel arrange- Far to the north on the Upper Don
ment and his ability to play right- the Russians said their hwoops still
eous jazz while keeping his music held the western bank of that river
Turn to Page 4, Col. 1 in the Voronezh area after beating
off sereral German attacks.
The Russians fighting southeast of
Haines ReachesArmavir were favored somewhat by
7 " A h I* i_, L - rougher terrain.

"H. M. S. Pinafore," W. S. Gilbert
and Sir Arthur Sullivan's ever-pop-
ular comic opera of life off Ports-
mouth, will open a five-day run at
8:30 p. m. today at the Mendelssohn
Theatre.
It is the 10th annual summer op-
eretta given by the speech depart-
menit's Michigan Repertory Players,.
in collaboration with the School of
Music and the University Symphony
Orchestra.
Perhaps the most popular of the
great English team's operettas, "Pin- a
afore" brought such success to au-
thors Gilbert and Sullivan that they
superstitiously chose to believe that
the letter "P" would bring them luck,
and consequently named the next
three operettas "Patience," "Princess
Ida" and "Pirates of Penzance."
The story .of a sailor's romance
with his cantain's daughter aboard

Robert Christman. Harry Elkins,
Julian Frederick, John Hathaway,
Burt Hendricks, Ted Hildebrandt,
Frank Jones, Maynard Klein, 'Wil-
liam Ludwig, Bob Mann, Harry Mil-
ler, David Payne, Bob Roman, Bob
Santway, Dan Saulson, Jim Bob
Stephenson, Philip Swander, and
Jerry Ziegler,
TheZwomen's chorus will include
Catherine Brookshire, Anne Carroth,
ers, Mary Craigmiles, Sara Hanby,
Eleanor Hughes, Rose Hull, Betty
James, Mary Eleanor Lake, Frances
Lichenstein, Beth McLellan, Betty
Mason, Winifred Murray, Betty New-
ton, Marguerite Palmer, Ruth Selo,
Alice Silberstein, and Lucy Chase
Wright.
Valentine Windt, Professor of
Speech, will direct the Repertory fi-
nale, while Cornelius D. Gall con-
ducts the University Orchestra. The
Pinafore set will be done by famed

Nazis To Trade
French Soldier
For 3 Laborers
VICHY, Aug. 11.-(M-.-Germany
will release one French prisoner-of-
war for every three skilled workers
who go to the Reich to help the
Nazis, Pierre Laval announced today
as he welcomed back to French soil
the first lot of 1,000 prisoners liber-
ated since the chief of government
began recruiting men.
The announcement was made at
the same time and prominently dis-
played in the Paris newspapers that
Laval has accepted the honorary
presidency of the French anti-Soviet
volunteers-the tricolor legion fight-
ing in the German ranks on the
Eastern front.
Laval, speaking at Compiegne,
where he greeted the repatriated sol-
diers, said the policy based on the
Montoire (collaboration) agreement
between Hitler and Marshal Petain
would have expedited the men's re-
turn had it not "unfortunately" been
misunderstood by everyone.
WLB Is Asked
To Raise Wages
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.-(AP)-
The War Labor Board is being asked
for the first time to allow wage in-
creases primarily as a deterrent to
labor migraton from a critical war

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