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Editorial
Six Saboteurs Dead,
Why Not Two Morel..

VOL. LII No. 40-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 9, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

Gandhi Given
Full Authority
In Campaign
Against British
All-India Congress Party
Surrenders Direction
of Passive Resistance
Movement To Leader
Government Heads
Refuse Negotiation
BULLETIN -
BOMBAY, Aug. 9. (Sunday)-
(A')- Uohandas K. Gandhi and
other Indian Nationalist leaders
were arrested today within a few
hours after the All-India Congress
party had approved a resolution
authorizing a mass campaign of
civil disobedience to support its
demands for immediate Indian in-
dependence.
* * *
By PRESTON GROVER
Associate4 Press Correspondent
BOMBAY, Aug. 8.-Mohandas K.
Gandhi, mystic 72-year-old leader of '
the Indian Nationalist Movement,
was handed full authority by the All-
India Congress Party today to di-
rect a general campaign of passive
resistance and civil disobedience
aimed at forcing an end to British
rule in India.
"I am pledged to the Congress amd
the ┬░Congress is pledged to do or die,"
Oandhi declared in concluding a
two-hour address that wound up the
meeting of the party's general com-
mittee.
Make Every Effort
He said, "We shall make every ef-
for to see the Viceroy before start-
ing tie movement," but advices from
New Delhi toright said the Govein-
ment of inria declined to negotiate
with the Congress on its demands.
The New Delhi statement said the
government "would regard ,as wholly
incompatible with their responsibil-
ities to the people of India and their
obligations to the Allies discussions
about a demafid the acceptance of
which would plunge India into con-
fusion and anarchy And paralyze her
effort in the common cause of free-
dom."
The government prohibited the
printing or publication of news about
the mass movement or of measures
taken by the government against it.
The ban includes reports of speeches
or statements made by members of
the public.
Offers Rejected
Britain's own previous offers of
post-war independence have been re-
jected by the Congress Party, which
is pinimarily Hindu, and by the Mos-
lem League and other major and mi-
nor elements of the mutually dis-
trustful and complex elements of
India's racial, religious and political
life.
More than 250 of the 360 members
of the Congress Party's committee
were pretent at the voting here this
afternoon in a canvas pavilion be-
fere about 8,000 perspiring onlook-
ers. Only 13 raised their hands
against adoption of a resolution
which Gandhi already has said
would launch an independence drive
dimming all others into insignifi-
cance.

European Tension High
As Second Front Nears
Nazis Take Strong Preparatory Measures Against
Possible Invasion; Keep Troops In Greece

By NOLAND NORGAARD
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Aug. 8.-The peoples of
Europe were reported tonight to be
in a state of mounting tension as
their Nazi conquerors took strong
preparatory measures against the
threat of an Allied invasion and at
the same time tried to persuade them
a second front would fail.
A Czech government source said
the tension was particularly acute
in Bohemia and Moravia because the
Germans were sending more and
more workmen to Western Europe to
labor on fortifications. Prague re-
ports showed a belief among the
people, this source said, that "deci-
sive events will take place this year."
(Travelers reaching Istanbul, Tur-
key, were quoted as saying the Nazis
were so fearful of a possible invasion
somewhere along the extensive coast
line from Norway to the Pyrenees
that they had established large aerial
intervention points far behind the
probable front lines from which vet-
eran parachute troops could be
swiftly carried by transport planes.
(These concentration points are
scattered through Westphalia in
Western Germany, the Rhineland
district and Southern Norway. Planes
and troops are held in constant
readiness.
(A report from Ankara, Turkey,
Friday night, said that between
150,000 and 180,000 Germans and
Italians in Greece, destined for serv-
ice in Northern Africa, were being
held there temporarily lest a second
front be opened and they be required
elsewhere.)
Stockholm press reports quoted by
(inaf ore' Is
Last Offering
Of Repertory
The speech department's Michigan
Repertory Players .will present their
10th annual summer operetta at 8:30
p. m. Wednesday, when W. S. Gil-
bert and Sir Arthur Sullivan's imi-
mortal "H. M. S. Pinafore" begins its
five day run on the Mendelsschn
stage.
The action of this comic opera
classic takes place entirely on the
quarterdeck of the H. M. S. Pinafore,]
in view of Portsmouth. On of the
sailors, handsome Ralpr Rackshaw,i
is in love with the captain' daughter,
Josephine, and their love appears to
be a hopeless one because of the dif-
ference in their station and because
she is betrothed to the First Lord of
the Admiralty, Sir Joseph Porter.
Ralph and Josephine find support
and sympathy among the sailors
with one exception, Dik Deadeye,
who attempts to frustrate their plans
to elope. He in turn is thwarted by1
Little Buttercup, who reveals that
through a mix-up in infancy, the
Captain and Ralph had been placed
in the wrong cribs, so that the former
is in reality a plebeian, while the lat-
ter is of noble birth--bringing the
story to a happy climax in true Gil-
bert-Sullivan tradition.
Margaret Lunn is cast as Little
Buttercup, who will sing the familiar
"I'm Called Little Buttercup," while
Robert Holmes, as Sir Joseph Porter,
will rattle off the words of "I Am the
Ruler of the King's Navy.

Reuters said the whole Norwegian
coast line has been under a state of
alert since Aug. 1, while the German-
controlled Norwegian press empha-
sized that the party of Major Vidkun
Quisling would not "allow themselves
to be mown down either by Ameri-
cans or British Bolsheviks or their
satellites here in Norway."
The Norwegian Government in
London said the Germans were con-
structing a great air base in the
Vesteraalen Island area apparently
for use of Focke-Wulfe bombers
which could operate against Iceland
and convoys bound for Russia over
the Arctic Sea route.
The Free Belgian News Agency re-
ported many hostages have been ar-
rested in Belgium and quoted the
Nazi authorities as warning the peo-
ple they could guarantee the lives of
these hostages only if they refrained
from sabotage and other hostile acts.
Expect Senate
To Turn Down
Revenue Levy
Informal Canvass Shows
Consensus Of Opinion
OpposedTo Proposal
By JACK BELL
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.- (I)-'
There were signs today that the Sen-
ate Finance Committee would reject
a proposed sales tax despite argu-
ments of its supporters that it would
meet the Treasury's demand for a
$2,500,000,000 increase in the new
revenue bill voted by the House.
Although proponents said they
would seek to force a vote on the
question, an informed Senator said
an informal canvass showed senti-
ment preponderantly against the
proposed levy both in committee and
in the Senate itself.
This Senator, who asked not to be
quoted by name, predicted that if
the proposal were brought to the
floor it would be defeated after a
brief fight.
Vandenberg Advocate
Two Republicans, Senators Taft of
Ohio and Vandenburg of Michigan,
have been the most outspoken advo-
cates of a sales tax on the commit-
tee, drawing support from such Dem-
ocrats as Senators Herring of Iowa
and Byrd of Virginia.
The Treasury consistently has op-
posed such a tax, contending that it
would prove inflationary in effect.
The House Ways and Means Com-
mittee rejected proposals for the levy
but Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the
Senate committee has said he ex-
pected a fight to write it into the
bill.
Added Money To Treasury
George told reporters it had be-
come obvious that if the pending bill
was to be boosted to the point where
it would bring in the $2,500,000,000
additional revenue requested by the
Treasury, the committee would have
to resort to some new form of taxes.
(The bill as voted by the House
provides for $6,271,000,000 in new
revenue. This, when added to exist-
ing taxation would bring federal rev-
enues to between $22,000,000,000 and
$24,000,000,000, it is estimated.)

Nazi Pincers
Converging
OnOilFields
U.S. Forces In Southwest
Pacific Move To Turn
Tide Of War For Allies
Germans Continue
Stalingrad Push
By HENRY C. CASSIDY
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Aug. 9 (Sunday).-Two
German columns were reported con-
verging on the Maiko oil fields to-
day after cracking Russian defenses
in the Krasnodar-Armavir area 60
miles above that prize at the foot of
the Caucasian Mountains.
Red Star announced the German
break-through toward Maikop whose
wells supply seven per cent of Rus-
sia's oil, but the midnight communi-
que did not elaborate on this grave
development.
Varying Success
The Red Army defending the
southern approaches to Stalingrad
"fought with varying success" against
a German tank and infantry wedge
into the Russian positions northeast
of Kotelnikovski. The phrase "north-
east of Kotelnikovski" indicated the
Germans were gaining ground in
that area, too.
A communique yesterday had lo-
cated the fighting as "north" of Kot-
elnikovski, which itself is about 95
miles southwest of industrial Stalin-
grad.
Thousands of German reinforce-
ments were hurled into battle both
above and below the Don River in
the effort to reach Stalingrad, and
another ominous development re-
ported in the latest communique was
that the Nazis had concentrated a
huge tank force south of Kletskaya,
which is 75 miles northwest of Sta-
lingrad in the Don elbow.
Dead Nazis
The Germans, were said to have
left thousands of dead azistin the
wake of their advance, but their re-
serve flow thus far has filled the
gaps.
The German drive on Maikop ap-
parently stemmed mostly from the
northeast Kuban River bend because
the Russians said their troops also
were fighting the Nazis in the Krop-
otkin sector, 50 miles northwest of
Armavir.
Kropotkin Fighters
These Kropotkin fighters may be
the remnants of the Russian divi-
sions which had been fighting at
Kushchevka farther to the north on
the Rostov- Baku railway because to-
day's communique did not mention
the Kushchevka sector.
(The Germans claimed their
troops had crossed the Kuban River
to capture Armavir, then seized Kur-
gannaya 30 miles to the west on the
Laba River, in the drive toward Mai-
kop. That would place the Nazis
only 30 miles from the oil city.)
Flying Off icer
Will Talk Here
Commander Of Self ridge
Field To Speak Tuesday
Colonel William T. Coleman, Com-
manding Officer of Selfridge Field,
will speak at 7:30 p. m. Tuesday in
the Kellogg Auditorium on the sub-

ject "Cannon on Wings."
His lecture will in large part con-
cern the use and construction of the
Bell Airacobra, first line pursuit
plane of the Army Air Corps.
It will be accompanied by a sound
color motion picture released by the
makers of the Airacobra.
0k1. Coleman is a graduate of the
University engineering school and
took his degree in aeronautical en-
gineering, and his illustrated lecture
is sponsored by the University stu-
dent branch of the Institute of Aero-
nautical Sciences.
The Kellogg Auditorium where the
meeting will be held is located in the
new Dental Building at the corner of
N. University and Fletcher.
Law School Operation
Is Not To Be Impeded
In a special statement to the Daily
today, Dean E. Blyte Stason of the
University Law School emphasized

Assaults On

In First Pacific Offensive

0
American Forces Launch

TuIagi Area

411

Long~ German Plane Celebrates
Anniversary Of London Raids

By WMIAM B. KIND
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Aug. 8.- ()')- Sirens
screamed and anti-aircraft batteries
boomed in the London area today on
the second anniversary of he begin-
ning of the Battle of Britain which
raged day and night for three
months and cost the Germans at
least 2,375hplanes destroyed.
But all the noise today in the cap-
ital was occasioned by a single Nazi
U.S. Bombers
Destroy Large
Enemy Vessel
RAF Smashes At Harbor
Developments In Egypt;
Two Convoys - Attacked
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, Aug. 8. - The U.S. Air
Forces of the Middle East sank a,
10,000-ton enemy transport and
damaged other ships in attacks on
two convoys in the Mediterranean in
the last week, it was announced to-
day, and in close cooperation with
the RAF smashed harbor and repair-
shop facilities behind the Alamein
Front.
In one convoy attacked in daylight,
two direct hits and numerous near
misses were reported among three
large Axis transports under escort
of eight destroyers.
Units of the same attack force of
B24 Consolidated bombers pounded
the Axis installations and encamp-
ments at Tobruk in the evening of
the same day, said the fourth weekly
summary of operations issued from
the headquarters of Maj.-Gen. Lewis
H. Brereton.
In connection with a raid on To-
bruk, presumably the same as that
mentioned by Brereton's communi-
que, the RAF Middle East* News
Service reported that additional de-
tails of operations carried out Thurs-
day evening showed RAF heavy
bombers scored a direct hit on a
10,000-ton enemy merchantman in
the center of the harbor. The Amer-
ican B24's dropped several tons of
bombs and started one large fire in
the docks.
Before the Tobruk attack, Brere-
ton announced, two successful raids
were made by American airmen on
an Axis motor repair depot and oth-
er targets at Matruh, with RAF
crews in Wellington bombers light-
ing up the objectives by dropping
flares ahead of their flying allies.
The University Chorus of the
Summer Session will present its
Summer Choral Vespers at, 8:30
p.m. Sunday, August 16, not to-
day as stated in The Daily yes-
terday.

plane making a token raid in day-
light on a locality in one of the sub-'
urban home counties.
The lone raider dropped his bombs
in the outskirts of a home county
town, then from low altitude ma-
chine-gunned the streets before tak-
ing to the clouds with British fight-
ers in pursuit. Some casualties re-
sulted in the town.
Near the channel ports, two Mes-
serschmitt 109s slipped out of a cloud
and shot down one of Dover's barrage
balloons before they were chased
home by a pair of Spitfires.
Official circles announced late in
the day that a few enemy aircraft
had appeared over southern England
and the home counties during the
afternoon and dropped bombs at 'a
small number of places."
The alert was brief in London it-
self where large crowds of shoppers
and movie-goers continued about
their business, refusing to take shel-
ter.
London has had few daylight at-
tacks since Oct. 31, 1940, when the
Luftwaffe abandoned mass daylight
raids, or, in the words of the air min-
isetry, retreated with the remnants
of a shattered and disordered arma-.
da.
Perkins Asked.
To Halt Coast
Strike Threat
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Aug. 8.-President R.
J. Thomas of the CIO-United Auto-
mobile, Aircraft, Agricultural Imple-
ment Workerse Union, which is in
convention here, appealed today to
Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins
and John H. Steelman, head of the
Labor Department's Conciliation
Service to avert a threatened strike
in a West Coast 'war production
plant.
The UAW president wired the two
government labor officials to "act
vigorously and at once" to bring
about a conclusion of wage contract
negotiations which have been in
progress since October of last year
at the Aluminum Corporation of
America's Los Angeles plant.
Thomas told Miss Perkins and
Steelman that the management had
"aggravated" UAW workers at the
plant by delaying the negotiations
and said "workers at the plant are
threateningto walk out Monday."
Meanwhile, the 1,640 dlegates to
the union's international convention
worked on resolutions in an effort
to conclude the convention today.
The convention passed resolutions
advocating that:
The War Labor Board take full
jurisdiction of all disputes brought
before it, and not reserve aspects of
any case brought before it for furth-
er consideration by the National La-
bor Relations Board:

Solomon Island Operation
Termed 'Progressing
Favorably' By Nimitz
Successful Despite
EnemyOpposition
By The Associated Press
PEARL HARBOR, T. H., Aug. 8.--
United States forces in the South-
West Pacific have launched offensive
operations in the Tulagi area of the
Solomon Islands, which are pro-
gressing favorably, a communique by
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, com-
mander-in-chief of the United States
Pacific Fleet, said today.
The communique, which indicated
the possibility of a turning point in
the Pacific war, also told of a United
States fleet task force attack on the
Japanese at Kiska, in the Aleutian
Islands.
Admiral Nimitz' communique said:
"Forces of the United States Pa-
cific Fleet and Pacific Ocean areas,
assisted by units of the Southwest
Pacific area, launched offensive op-
erations in the Tulagi area of the
Solomon Islands on August 7, East
Longitude Time.
"These operations are progressing
favorably in spite of opposition by
enemy land-based aircraft and gar-
risons.
"On August 8, East Longitude.
Time, a task force of the Pacific
Fleet bombarded enemy ship's and
installations it Kiska."
The communique showed that pow-
erful combined American forces of
sky and sea had swung into vigorous
offensive action on the widely sep-
arated battle sectors of the Pacific
Ocean.
While only sparse information re-
vealed the nature and extent of the
operations, there were clear indicate
tions that an important turning
point in the war in the Pacific has
been reached and that an initial
'effort was being made to wrest from
the Japanese some of the strategic
areas they have seized.
The nature of the turning point
was from a war of attrition to the
dealing. out of smashing blows to
roll back Japanese lines.
'Anna Christie'
Will Be Shown
"Anna Christie," the great Eugene
O'Neill play in a classic film version,
will bring to a close today the sum-
mer Art Cinema League -series.
Starring Marie Dressler and
Greta Garbo in their sole movie to-
gether, the film has long been re-
garded as one of the finest produc-
tions in Hollywood history.
Short subjects to be shown with
the principal attraction include a
travelogue and an animated cartoon.
There will be two presentations of
the program, at 7 and 9 p.m., in the
Rackham Auditorium . Part of the
proceeds from the entire summer
series will be devoted to an Art Cin-
ema League contribution to scholar-
ships for needy students.

Six German Saboteurs Die In Chair
As Two Escape Supreme Penalty!

- - -- - -- - - Clip Here And Mail To A U.-M. Man In The Armed Forces-- -- -

SERVICE
EDITION

U 4Iwt 41MFrtijnDi

{ .s.'

VOL. I, No. 7 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN AUGUST 9, 1942

By RICHARD L. TURNER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-Six of
eight Nazi saboteurs, who sneaked
ashore from enemy submarines bent
upon crippling the American war ef-
fort by fire, explosion and terrorism,
paid the penalty today-death by
electrocution.
Two others, adjudged equally
guilty by a military commission of
seven generals, escaped the death
penalty fixed by the law of war for
their intended crimes, by tattling on
the rest.
Because they helped the govern-
ment prepare its case, they were
given prison sentences, one for life,
the other for thirty years, both at
hard labor.
At noon, the first of the agents of
destruction to nay with his life was

several miles away, announced that
President Roosevelt had approved
the findings and recommendations
of the military commission and that
the six had been executed. The rec-
ord of the case, containing much in-
formation of an important military
nature, it was said, would be sealed
until after the war.
So, nearly two months after the
arrival of the eight men on American
shores, their cases were ended. They
were closed,
Attorney General Declares
Sabotage Laws Inadequate
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-E:')-At-
torney General Biddle said today
that the trial of the eight Nazi sabo-
teurs had demonstrated the inade-
ouacy of laws for dealing with per-

There now is no special provision
of law covering conspiracy to commit
sabotage, the Attorney General said,
and while war time sabotage can be
punished by thirty years in prison
and a $10,000 fine, conspiracy to
commit sabotage must be tried under
a general statute carrying a penalty
of two years in prison and $10,000
fine.
At present, he said, there is no
special statute for punishing the har-
boring or concealing of persons who
have committed sabotage or persons
who have guilty knowledge of such
acts but fail to inform law enforce-
ment officers.
Such offenses, Biddle said, must be
tried as misprision of felony, which
carries a maximum penalty of three
years in prison and $500 fine.
The weaknesses to which the At-
torney General referred presumdbly

Army Comes To U-M
Breaking simultaneously
with the conviction and
execution of six saboteurs
by an Army tribunal yes-
terday came the story that
the United States Army
will train all future Judge-
Advocates at the Univer-
sity of Michigan Law
School . . . The officers
will be quartered in the
$7,000,000 Cook Law Quad-
rangle, and the few re-
maining students in the
regular Law School will re-
ceive their education to-
gether with the Judge-Ad-
vocate trainees. Visions of
heavy bombers and trans-
ports trundling over the
ground that is now peace-

Mr. Dann And Serious Problems
Grave problems faced the committee in charge of
running Summer Prom, only big dance to be given on
campus this summer. One question which stumped
committee members was whether to have the dance for-
mal or informal. Striking a democratic pose, the com-
mittee turned to the campus at large and took a poll.
Students voted to have it semi-formal by the close vote
of 678-627.
Interesting comment was evoked by fiery Daily sports
editor Mike Dann who exclaimed in his column, Cracker
Barrel: ". . . In some countries boys and girls can't
decide whether they want a formal, semi-formal, semi-
-semi-formal, optional formal, compulsory formal, eve-
ning formal, afternoon formal, morning formal or strict
formal."
Notwithstanding, funds from the dance will go to war
relief.

ists and waive the driver's
responsibility . . . Also in-
cluded would be hitch-
hiking signs on the street
corners . . . More serious
problems were aired this
week when William R.
Ringer, trial examiner of
the NLRB, condemned the
American Broach and Ma-
chine Co. of Ann Arbor for
discrimination, intimida-
tion and company union-
ism . . . The story goes
back as far as April when
James Morgan, represent-
ative of the UAW-CIO
charged that the coin-
pany's tactics "had cut
production 50%" . . Exam-
iner Ringer recommended
that the company cease

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